CN203837704U - Instrument for photographing and surveying intersection of different stations - Google Patents

Instrument for photographing and surveying intersection of different stations Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203837704U
CN203837704U CN201320749376.3U CN201320749376U CN203837704U CN 203837704 U CN203837704 U CN 203837704U CN 201320749376 U CN201320749376 U CN 201320749376U CN 203837704 U CN203837704 U CN 203837704U
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China
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transfer part
camera
horizontal rotary
rotary transfer
vertical pivot
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CN201320749376.3U
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罗雨丹
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罗雨丹
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an instrument for photographing and surveying intersection of different stations. The instrument comprises a base, a camera with a display window, a telescope with a crosshair dividing plate, a vertical shaft and a transverse shaft, wherein the base comprises a connection plate which is in screwed connection with a bracket; thread holes are formed in the connection plate; at least three foot screws capable of adjusting the horizontal inclination angle of a shaft base are mounted between the base connection plate and the shaft base; a vertical shaft sleeve is sleeved on the shaft base; the vertical shaft is movably connected with the vertical shaft sleeve; a horizontal rotation part is mounted on the vertical shaft; a horizontal angle measuring system and a vertical angle measuring system are mounted; the camera is mounted on the basis of the structure of a theodolite; identification photosensitive points are formed in a photosensitive side of the camera and used for assisting in finding a main horizontal line or a main vertical line.

Description

The different station intersection surveying instrument of taking pictures
Technical field
The utility model relates to the different station intersection surveying instrument of taking pictures, and belongs to the instrument of survey field, belongs to for topographic instrument of surveying and mapping of taking pictures.
Background technology
The surveying instrument of taking pictures of the prior art understood is before this close shot surveying instrument with two cameras, it adopts two cameras that belong to an instrument together, and to common region shooting, (distance between two cameras is very short, therefore separates that to survey the precision of coordinate of ground point not high respectively.), set up coordinate system in each picture plane, through bundle adjustment, image is processed the processing such as coupling, after collinearity condition equation or other relevant mathematical computations, record tested point coordinate, above background technology is all to find on the internet, they are not the modes with angle measurement, measure position angle and the inclination angle of the primary optical axis of photographic equipment, object is not position angle and the inclination angle of the primary optical axis by measuring photographic equipment, not position angle and the inclination angle with primary optical axis, and each picture point in picture position Lai Qiudao photo centre to corresponding position angle and the vertical angle of putting in kind of this picture point institute, and with each survey station photo centre coordinate, elevation, forward intersection ask picture point the coordinate of corresponding in kind point, completely different with present transit operator scheme, and coordinates computed will be used the more well educated knowledge of collinearity condition equation etc., most of mapping workers are ignorant of its principle, running into mistake or error also has no way of advantageously processing, unfavorablely in most of surveying and mapping units and most of mapping worker, promote the use, a large amount of start-ups need spend a large amount of financial resources, there is the defect of cost and popularization efficiency.
Summary of the invention
If two cameras of same apparatus installation of close shot surveying instrument, the distance between two cameras is very short, the precision of therefore separating survey coordinate of ground point is not high, therefore need different survey station operation, same instrument can be successively respectively from two survey stations distant between survey station to the same area measurement of taking pictures, measure the coordinate of each impact point in this region by forward intersection method, therefore, separate unit instrument only needs a camera, needs horizontal angle angle measuring system and vertical angle angle measuring system.The utility model provides the different station intersection surveying instrument of taking pictures, it belongs to the different station operation mapping that precision is higher, its separate unit instrument only needs a camera, only need to be in the time that each survey station be measured, position angle and the inclination angle of knowing the primary optical axis that maybe can ask the photographic equipment of photo centre's coordinate are measured, photograph in Bing Duice district, complete field process, can take pictures to the same area at diverse location, just by the applying date be on August 1st, 2013 application number be the principle that 201310344844.3 is entitled as the content of the patent of " photo centre is to azimuthal measuring method and the arithmetic facility of target point in kind ", in interior industry, continue to go to try to achieve Liang Ge photo centre with two photos and divide the position angle that is clipped to same determinand, try to achieve this determinand coordinate with Gai Liang photo centre coordinate and this two position angles forward intersection, ask determinand coordinate by which, without setting up separately coordinate system as plane, and can follow according to needs and only demand determinand coordinate, without must by its three-dimensional position together (and together with elevation) obtain, and ask and survey this coordinate time, only need two photo centre's coordinates, two photo centres divide the position angle that is clipped to this determinand as general data, the factor of asking survey to use is few, computing is simplified, and it resolves mode or principle is roughly the same very general total station survey pattern, common surveying and mapping technology personnel are former understandable, easily grasp, easily find and solve mistake or the error in operation process, and do not need senior application data process software and arithmetic facility, the door that possesses skills is low, the advantage of cost and popularization efficiency, be beneficial to the rapid popularization of the mapping of taking pictures, in an embodiment, when different survey station operation, need to more move survey station, set up each survey station again through neutralization leveling is operated, need repeatedly debug neutralization leveling operation, waste the more time, only seek to need leveling operation not need to carry out the surveying instrument of taking pictures of centering operation very important to improving surveying work efficiency, by this embodiment, can omit centering operation and leveling repeatedly, the process of centering, only need after leveling by Other Instruments survey station coordinate, elevation measure and directional operation after the measurement of can taking pictures, work efficiency can be greatly improved, position angle or vertical angle by Qi Nengqiuce photo centre to the corresponding point in kind of picture point.
The utility model solves the technical scheme that its technical matters adopts: the intersection surveying instrument structure fundamental sum transit of taking pictures in different station is identical, difference is increasing a camera, it has pedestal, the camera with display window, interior telescope, vertical pivot, transverse axis with crosshair graticule, pedestal contains: the web joint that can be connected with stent helix with threaded hole, is equipped with the foot screw of at least three energy adjustable axle seat horizontal tilt angles between pedestal web joint and axle bed, vertical pivot axle sleeve is contained on axle bed, vertical pivot is flexibly connected with vertical pivot axle sleeve, on vertical pivot, fill horizontal rotary transfer part, horizontal rotary is equipped with transverse axis on transfer part, transverse axis is flexibly connected with the position, horizontal rotary transfer part of supporting transverse axis, transverse axis central axis and vertical pivot central axis are orthogonal, the camera with display window is housed on transverse axis, camera primary optical axis and transverse axis central axis are orthogonal, camera primary optical axis is with interior telescope collimation axis keeping parallelism with crosshair graticule or overlap, and camera primary optical axis and telescope collimation axis and vertical pivot central axis are with in one plane, intersection point between vertical pivot central axis and transverse axis central axis overlaps with camera photo centre (note: photo centre is projection centre), the intersection surveying instrument of taking pictures in different station is also equipped with centralizer, in centralizer and dominating pair of vertices time, camera photo centre and this reference mark are in same pedal line, on pedestal or horizontal rotary transfer part, circular bubble is housed, horizontal rotary is equipped with level tube on transfer part, level braking spiral and interior threaded fastener hole that level of control rotating part horizontally rotates are housed on horizontal rotary transfer part, level braking spiral drives the screwed plug rotation in interior threaded fastener hole to advance, working direction is pointed to the axle bed of vertical pivot axle sleeve or pedestal, synchronize and be rotationally connected with vertical pivot in horizontal rotary transfer part, vertical clamp screw and the interior threaded fastener hole of controlling the vertical rotation of camera are housed on horizontal rotary transfer part, vertical clamp screw drives the screwed plug rotation in interior threaded fastener hole to advance, working direction is pointed to transverse axis, transverse axis is synchronizeed with camera and is rotationally connected with the flexible connection of horizontal rotary transfer part, (or perhaps measure the horizontal rotary transfer part anglec of rotation) horizontal angle angle measuring system of measuring pedestal and mutual angle position, horizontal rotary transfer part relation condition is housed between pedestal and horizontal rotary transfer part, the position that can only horizontally rotate measured on camera and horizontal rotary transfer part (or perhaps measure the vertical anglec of rotation of camera) vertical angle angle measuring system of angle position relation condition is each other housed between the position that can only horizontally rotate on camera and horizontal rotary transfer part, above angle measuring system can be optics angle measuring system, also can be photoelectric angular measurement system, (identification sensitivity speck is as the sensitivity speck of special suggestion on camera light-sensitive surface, to have an identification sensitivity speck, it has obviously different from the sensitization at other other sensitization position on light-sensitive surface, it can be the color of photosensitive imaging, brightness, difference in sensitization and not sensitization etc., identification sensitization line is also same principle, only show as straight line.), (this line i.e. the line of this identification sensitivity speck and principal point with the line of the intersection point (this intersection point is principal point) of primary optical axis for this identification sensitivity speck and light-sensitive surface, can be used in identification sensitization line on this line place straight line and substitute this identification sensitivity speck) and vertical pivot keep depositing together a plane, this line will remain in principal plane like this, the i.e. main ordinate (in imaging film size of this line, namely main ordinate of the imaging point of this identification sensitivity speck and the line of principal point), or on camera light-sensitive surface, have one identification sensitivity speck, (this line i.e. the line of this identification sensitivity speck and principal point with the line of the intersection point (this intersection point is principal point) of primary optical axis for this identification sensitivity speck and light-sensitive surface, the identification sensitization line that can be used on this line place straight line substitutes this identification sensitivity speck.) and transverse axis, this line will keep vertical with principal plane like this, this line is that principal horizontal line is (in imaging film size, the imaging point of this identification sensitivity speck and the line of principal point be main vertical horizontal line namely), or on camera light-sensitive surface, thering are two identification sensitivity specks, the line of this two identification sensitivity speck (can be used in arbitrary identification sensitivity speck of alternative this two identification sensitivity speck of identification sensitization line on this line place straight line.) and transverse axis, in imaging film size, cross principal point and make the parallel lines of this line, these parallel lines are principal horizontal line, or a line segment type transverse frame of camera light-sensitive surface (such as a transverse frame of CCD) and transverse axis, in imaging film size, to cross so principal point and make the parallel lines of the image of this transverse frame, these parallel lines are principal horizontal line, to take pictures surveying instrument known photo centre coordinate (or and know its elevation, Bu Qiuce district elevation can not known the height of site.) survey station centering, leveling, orientation (orientation is to determine the azimuthal work of primary optical axis, by telescope, known direction to be aimed at, know the position angle of primary optical axis while aiming, primary optical axis turns to while surveying district, the position angle while knowing that by the metering of horizontal angle angle measuring system primary optical axis subtend is surveyed district.) after take pictures (or photography), and from different survey stations, same survey district is taken pictures, complete field process, in interior industry, can be as stated above by main ordinate or principal horizontal line plotting in imaging film size, (main ordinate is the intersection of picture plane and principal plane, principal plane is the plane containing photo centre's pedal line and primary optical axis, at the principal point straight line called after principal horizontal line vertical with main ordinate excessively looking like in plane, can cross decide on as the plane vertical line of ordinate of principal point and obtain principal horizontal line, also can cross the principal point horizontal vertical line of deciding on as plane and obtain main ordinate.), the picture of same target being photographed from diverse location, by known principal point and main ordinate or principal horizontal line in the picture plane of every width picture, can know impact point to be asked position on picture, can be with known picture main distance, position angle (being principal plane position angle) and the primary optical axis inclination angle of primary optical axis, impact point to be asked Lai Qiudao photo centre in position on picture arrives position angle and the vertical angle of this impact point, can obtain respectively arriving taking the photo centre of two width pictures as initial point two position angles of difference of same impact point and two vertical angles respectively, can be again according to the coordinate of two photo centres, elevation (survey station coordinate, elevation is photo centre's coordinate, elevation is known, maybe can measure photo centre's coordinate by Other Instruments, elevation or in advance set up reference mark on establish the elevation of standing and measuring photo centre, or obtain by other means.) ask the former understanding in limit to measure the coordinate of this impact point with regard to available forward intersection principle and right-angle triangle, elevation (can tell by each camera principal point location parameter, no matter how it departs from picture planar central, it is also on primary optical axis and on main ordinate and on principal horizontal line, at main ordinate, in principal horizontal line and primary optical axis inclination angle and other, when elements of exterior orientation is all known, the coordinate of impact point on the spot corresponding to this two position angle and this two vertical angle and this picture point, the method of asking of elevation can be with reference to instructions and the accompanying drawing of the patent of invention that is entitled as " photo centre is to azimuthal measuring method and the arithmetic facility of target point in kind " of application on August 1st, 2013.), also can be on as plane set up plane coordinate system taking main ordinate and principal horizontal line as coordinate axis, with the image coordinate in the plane coordinate system of two width pictures respectively of impact point to be measured, solve coordinate of ground point to be measured by collinearity condition equation and collinear condition principle.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model embodiment part side-looking structural representation.
Fig. 2 is the utility model embodiment cut-away section structural representation.
Fig. 3 is the utility model embodiment horizontal dial and altitude circle front elevational schematic.
Fig. 4 is the utility model embodiment part side-looking structural representation.
Fig. 5 is the utility model embodiment part side-looking structural representation.
Embodiment
In Fig. 1, the different station intersection surveying instrument of taking pictures, there is pedestal, angle measuring system, the camera 5 with display window, interior telescope 6, vertical pivot (being horizontal rotary transfer part vertical pivot), transverse axis with crosshair graticule, pedestal contains: the web joint 9 that can be connected with stent helix with threaded hole, is equipped with the foot screw 2 of at least three energy adjustable axle seat horizontal tilt angles between pedestal web joint 9 and axle bed 1; Vertical pivot axle sleeve is contained on axle bed, vertical pivot is flexibly connected with vertical pivot axle sleeve, on vertical pivot, fill horizontal rotary transfer part, be contained in the assembly of all parts that can rotate around vertical pivot on vertical pivot horizontal rotary transfer part (note: claim alidade on the books and periodicals that this horizontal rotary transfer part has, alidade in fact truly should be telescope or camera.), mark 3 points to or what guide is the outward appearance boundary circle line (note: this outward appearance boundary circle line is abstract round line of the horizontal rotary transfer part of instrument upper part and the part that can not horizontally rotate of instrument lower part, on instrument, might not stamp a round line, it be actually rotate in horizontal rotary transfer part horizontal rotary transfer part that when circle can see from instrument outside bottom around circle track.), transverse axis 4 is housed on horizontal rotary transfer part, transverse axis 4 is flexibly connected with supporting the position, horizontal rotary transfer part of transverse axis, transverse axis central axis orthogonal with vertical pivot central axis (note: orthogonal refer to mutual vertical and crossing.), the camera 5 with display window is housed on transverse axis, camera primary optical axis (note: the primary optical axis of camera and the dead in line of camera lens center) is orthogonal with transverse axis central axis, the collimation axis keeping parallelism of the primary optical axis of camera 5 and the interior telescope 6 with crosshair graticule or the (note: the situation that the primary optical axis of camera 5 overlaps with the collimation axis of telescope 6 refers to that telescope and camera are integrated or the enlargement ratio of camera and clear in the time watching display window that overlaps, clear degree can meet to be watched directional aim and replaces telescope with camera, can not accomplish that if technical telescope and camera are integrated or camera replaces telescope, need to install camera and telescope simultaneously, what in Fig. 1, draw is to watch the parallel telescope of this diaxon and camera from a side, and with respect to view observation point, telescope is near, and camera is far away, observation diagram from another side to telescope and camera will occur among Fig. 4 and Fig. 5.), and this camera primary optical axis and telescope collimation axis and vertical pivot central axis are with in one plane, intersection point between vertical pivot central axis and transverse axis central axis overlaps with camera lens center (note: photo centre is projection centre), on pedestal or horizontal rotary transfer part, circular bubble is housed, horizontal rotary is equipped with level tube on transfer part, the horizontal angle angle measuring system of measuring pedestal and mutual angle position, horizontal rotary transfer part relation condition (or measuring the horizontal rotary transfer part anglec of rotation) is housed between pedestal and horizontal rotary transfer part, the position that can only the horizontally rotate vertical angle angle measuring system (or claiming vertical angle angle measuring system) of angle position relation condition (or measuring the vertical anglec of rotation of camera) each other of measuring camera and horizontal rotary transfer part is housed between camera and the position that can only horizontally rotate of horizontal rotary transfer part, horizontal angle angle measuring system and vertical angle angle measuring system are collectively referred to as angle measuring system, above angle measuring system can be optics angle measuring system, also can be photoelectric angular measurement system, kind and structure prior art about angle measuring system have many kinds, some optics angle measuring systems contain: the horizontal dial with division line and the altitude circle with division line, light supply apparatus: enter light microscopic or light inlet window, reading microscope, can be respectively by horizontal dial, altitude circle, divide the graduation image refraction of micro-chi (or mircrometer gauge) or transmit a series of lens and the prism that are reflected in reading microscope, photoelectric angular measurement system kind is also many, composition or structure also have more diversity, its horizontal dial and altitude circle adopt optoelectronic scanning scale, can be divided into grating circle, coded circle etc. by technology category, there is reading sensor, data storage device, show output unit etc., can select according to specific needs the angle measuring system of prior art, level braking spiral and the interior threaded fastener hole of the rotation of level of control rotating part are housed on horizontal rotary transfer part, level braking spiral drives the screwed plug rotation in interior threaded fastener hole to advance, working direction is pointed to the axle bed of vertical pivot axle sleeve or pedestal, synchronizes and be rotationally connected with vertical pivot in horizontal rotary transfer part, vertical clamp screw and the interior threaded fastener hole of controlling the vertical rotation of camera are housed on horizontal rotary transfer part, vertical clamp screw drives the screwed plug rotation in interior threaded fastener hole to advance, working direction is pointed to transverse axis, and transverse axis is synchronizeed with camera and is rotationally connected with the flexible connection of horizontal rotary transfer part, the intersection surveying instrument of taking pictures in different station also can comprise target 8, the center of energy reflected light electro-theodolite set or total powerstation range finding light wave or the electromagnetic target 8 of finding range is on vertical pivot central axis, this target 8 can be contained on horizontal rotary transfer part, also can on horizontal rotary transfer part, reserve jack or the plug that can dock with this target 8, mark 7 is to support and the position of linking objective target 8 on horizontal rotary transfer part, can be on it directly installation targets target 8 and reserved jack or the plug (note: distinguish with the earth's core gravity direction that can dock with this target 8, if this jack or plug are towards below, this jack or plug should be equipped with the fastening spiral with binding thread bolt and interior threaded fastener hole or other class fastener that target 8 can be fastened on to jack or plug place, if this jack or plug are towards above, directly target 8 is inserted in to jack or plug place, without fastener.), target can be line style or other geometric figure, target can be also that the picture with bar code and its bar code can be detected the target that device (photoelectric sensor) is identified.In measuring process, do not need first to set up and know coordinate on the ground that will set up the surveying instrument survey station of taking pictures by surveying work, the reference mark of elevation, and can on ground that set up survey station condition, directly place the surveying instrument of taking pictures meeting, do not carry out centering operation, after leveling (even if leveling is taken pictures, surveying instrument vertical pivot central axis overlaps with a pedal line), observe the target of this surveying instrument of taking pictures with the transit on the survey station of another known road coordinate or elevation (surveying instrument survey station coordinate should and be known the position angle of this transit alidade if measurement is taken pictures), read (the i.e. position angle of the vertical pivot central axis from known survey station to the surveying instrument of taking pictures, position angle at the center of the target of this surveying instrument of taking pictures taking known survey station coordinate points as initial point, if observation is horizontal angle, carry out computer azimuth angle by horizontal angle.), known survey station transit is found range to reflecting range finding light wave or the electromagnetic target 8 of finding range, and vertical angle observation is carried out in target 8 centers with known survey station transit, according to this distance measured to target 8, this vertical angle, the calculating coordinate of this position angle and the known survey station surveying instrument survey station coordinate of taking pictures, surveying instrument photo centre or the vertical pivot central axis coordinate surveying instrument survey station coordinate that equals to take pictures of taking pictures, according to this distance measured to target 8, this vertical angle and the known height of site, instrument height and target 8 centers are to the vertical distance of camera 5 lens centers (being photo centre), ask the elevation of camera 5 lens centers (or projection centre), so just save centering operation, set up fast and take pictures surveying instrument survey station and ask take pictures surveying instrument survey station coordinate or elevation, also can on horizontal rotary transfer part, fill jack or the plug on the vertical pivot central axis of horizontal rotary transfer part is fixed on in the center of satellite positioning device, or at Shang Zhuan center, horizontal rotary transfer part on vertical pivot central axis can be for the mark of satellite positioning device location survey, take pictures if ask surveying instrument the height of site need satellite positioning device input the center of satellite positioning device and camera photo centre between discrepancy in elevation data, can measure the height of site of the surveying instrument of taking pictures, set up after the surveying instrument survey station of taking pictures and to be undertaken after directional operation (the surveying instrument survey station of can asking to take pictures is the position angle that initial point arrives known control point) by the target that telescope 6 is sighted a known control point, take pictures and operated (primary optical axis or principal plane position angle just can ask shooting according to directional operation time) with regard to the available surveying instrument Dui Ce district target of taking pictures, according to camera primary optical axis or principal plane position angle, primary optical axis inclination angle, main ordinate and principal horizontal line position, principal point position, picture point is at picture in the position in plane and other, elements of exterior orientation, just can resolve the position angle He Chong right angle of the in kind impact point corresponding with picture point taking its photo centre as initial point, two survey stations at diverse location are taken pictures to same survey district target, we can obtain respectively arriving taking the photo centre of two width pictures as initial point two position angles of difference of same impact point and two vertical angles respectively, again according to the coordinate of two photo centres, elevation asks the former understanding in limit to measure the coordinate of this impact point with regard to available forward intersection principle and right-angle triangle, elevation, all impact points in two width picture coincidence districts of different survey stations all according to this principle resolve out, conclude, can design like this, the intersection surveying instrument of taking pictures in different station also can comprise target, the center of energy reflected light electro-theodolite set or total powerstation range finding light wave or the electromagnetic target of finding range is on horizontal rotary transfer part vertical pivot (the surveying instrument vertical pivot of taking pictures) central axis, this target can directly be contained on horizontal rotary transfer part, also can on horizontal rotary transfer part, reserve jack or the plug that can dock with this target, jack or the plug that target also can be installed and dock with this target, and jack or plug that on horizontal rotary transfer part, dress can dock with satellite positioning device, on horizontal rotary transfer part, jack or the plug on the vertical pivot central axis of horizontal rotary transfer part is fixed at the center of satellite positioning device by dress, also can the mark of satellite positioning device location survey that can supply on vertical pivot central axis (can identify its center mark where at Shang Zhuan center, horizontal rotary transfer part, the center of this mark is on vertical pivot central axis), design like this, can be that vertical pivot central axis that is survey station carry out coordinate to target center with other transit or total powerstation, the measurement of elevation, or usable satellite locating device is measured the coordinate of vertical pivot central axis, elevation is the coordinate of survey station, elevation, and can not do centering operation, clearer being described below: the different station intersection surveying instrument of taking pictures, also can comprise target, the center of energy reflected light electro-theodolite set or total powerstation range finding light wave or the electromagnetic target of finding range is on the vertical pivot central axis of horizontal rotary transfer part, this target can directly be contained on horizontal rotary transfer part, also can on horizontal rotary transfer part, reserve jack or the plug that can dock with this target, the intersection surveying instrument of taking pictures in different station also can comprise: on horizontal rotary transfer part, jack or the plug on the vertical pivot central axis of horizontal rotary transfer part is fixed at the center of satellite positioning device by dress, the intersection surveying instrument of taking pictures in different station also can comprise: at Shang Zhuan center, horizontal rotary transfer part on vertical pivot central axis can be for the mark of satellite positioning device location survey.
In Fig. 2, can find out from section, vertical pivot axle sleeve 11 is housed on axle bed 1, vertical pivot axle sleeve 11 is peripherally equipped with horizontal dial 13, vertical pivot 12 lower ends are arranged in vertical pivot axle sleeve 11 and are flexibly connected with vertical pivot axle sleeve 11, horizontal rotary transfer part is housed on vertical pivot, transverse axis 4 is equipped with in horizontal rotary transfer part, altitude circle 14 is housed on transverse axis 4, transverse axis 4 is synchronizeed and is rotationally connected with altitude circle 14, transverse axis and vertical pivot are orthogonal, the camera 5 with display window is housed on transverse axis, camera primary optical axis and transverse axis central axis are orthogonal, intersection point between vertical pivot central axis and transverse axis central axis overlaps with camera lens center (being photo centre), on horizontal rotary transfer part, be reserved with the jack 10 that can dock with target 8.
In Fig. 3, see horizontal dial 13 and altitude circle 14 from front, they are annular disc.
In Fig. 4, axle bed 1 is under horizontal rotary transfer part, transverse axis 4 is equipped with in horizontal rotary transfer part, the camera 5 with display window is housed on transverse axis 4, the interior telescope 6 with crosshair graticule is housed on camera, now camera lens and telescope objective are towards front, and camera bottom and telescope ocular are towards view observation point, and target 8 is equipped with in upper end, horizontal rotary transfer part.
In Fig. 5, axle bed 1 is under horizontal rotary transfer part, target 8 is housed on horizontal rotary transfer part, transverse axis 4 is equipped with in horizontal rotary transfer part, the camera 5 with display window is housed on transverse axis 4, the interior telescope 6 with crosshair graticule is housed on camera, and now camera lens and telescope objective are towards front, and camera bottom and telescope ocular are towards view observation point.

Claims (4)

1. the different station intersection surveying instrument of taking pictures, there is pedestal, the camera with display window, interior telescope, vertical pivot, transverse axis with crosshair graticule, pedestal contains: the web joint that can be connected with stent helix with threaded hole, is equipped with the foot screw of at least three energy adjustable axle seat horizontal tilt angles between pedestal web joint and axle bed, vertical pivot axle sleeve is contained on axle bed, vertical pivot is flexibly connected with vertical pivot axle sleeve, on vertical pivot, fill horizontal rotary transfer part, horizontal rotary is equipped with transverse axis on transfer part, transverse axis is flexibly connected with the position, horizontal rotary transfer part of supporting transverse axis, transverse axis central axis and vertical pivot central axis are orthogonal, the camera with display window is housed on transverse axis, camera primary optical axis and transverse axis central axis are orthogonal, camera primary optical axis is with interior telescope collimation axis keeping parallelism with crosshair graticule or overlap, and camera primary optical axis and telescope collimation axis and vertical pivot central axis are with in one plane, intersection point between vertical pivot central axis and transverse axis central axis overlaps with camera photo centre, the intersection surveying instrument of taking pictures in different station is also equipped with centralizer, in centralizer and dominating pair of vertices time, camera photo centre and this reference mark are in same pedal line, on pedestal or horizontal rotary transfer part, circular bubble is housed, horizontal rotary is equipped with level tube on transfer part, level braking spiral and interior threaded fastener hole that level of control rotating part horizontally rotates are housed on horizontal rotary transfer part, level braking spiral drives the screwed plug rotation in interior threaded fastener hole to advance, working direction is pointed to the axle bed of vertical pivot axle sleeve or pedestal, synchronize and be rotationally connected with vertical pivot in horizontal rotary transfer part, vertical clamp screw and the interior threaded fastener hole of controlling the vertical rotation of camera are housed on horizontal rotary transfer part, vertical clamp screw drives the screwed plug rotation in interior threaded fastener hole to advance, working direction is pointed to transverse axis, transverse axis is synchronizeed with camera and is rotationally connected with the flexible connection of horizontal rotary transfer part, it is characterized in that: the horizontal angle angle measuring system of measuring pedestal and mutual angle position, horizontal rotary transfer part relation condition is housed between pedestal and horizontal rotary transfer part, the position that can only the horizontally rotate vertical angle angle measuring system of angle position relation condition each other of measuring on camera and horizontal rotary transfer part is housed between the position that can only horizontally rotate on camera and horizontal rotary transfer part, on camera light-sensitive surface, there is an identification sensitivity speck, this identification sensitivity speck and light-sensitive surface keep with depositing a plane with line and the vertical pivot of the intersection point of primary optical axis, or on camera light-sensitive surface, have one identification sensitivity speck, this identification sensitivity speck and light-sensitive surface are with line and the transverse axis of the intersection point of primary optical axis, or on camera light-sensitive surface, have two identification sensitivity specks, line and the transverse axis of this two identification sensitivity speck, or line segment type transverse frame of camera light-sensitive surface and transverse axis.
2. the different station intersection according to claim 1 surveying instrument of taking pictures, it is characterized in that: also can comprise target, the center of energy reflected light electro-theodolite set or total powerstation range finding light wave or the electromagnetic target of finding range is on the vertical pivot central axis of horizontal rotary transfer part, this target can directly be contained on horizontal rotary transfer part, also can on horizontal rotary transfer part, reserve jack or the plug that can dock with this target.
3. the different station intersection according to claim 1 surveying instrument of taking pictures, is characterized in that: also can comprise: on horizontal rotary transfer part, jack or the plug on the vertical pivot central axis of horizontal rotary transfer part is fixed at the center of satellite positioning device by dress.
4. the different station intersection according to claim 1 surveying instrument of taking pictures, is characterized in that: also can comprise: at Shang Zhuan center, horizontal rotary transfer part on vertical pivot central axis can be for the mark of satellite positioning device location survey.
CN201320749376.3U 2013-11-17 2013-11-17 Instrument for photographing and surveying intersection of different stations Expired - Fee Related CN203837704U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104964673A (en) * 2015-07-15 2015-10-07 上海市房地产科学研究院 Close-shot photography measurement system capable of realizing positioning and attitude determination and close-shot photography measurement method capable of realizing positioning and attitude determination
CN105737795A (en) * 2015-08-24 2016-07-06 江苏理工学院 Simple range finder

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104964673A (en) * 2015-07-15 2015-10-07 上海市房地产科学研究院 Close-shot photography measurement system capable of realizing positioning and attitude determination and close-shot photography measurement method capable of realizing positioning and attitude determination
CN105737795A (en) * 2015-08-24 2016-07-06 江苏理工学院 Simple range finder

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