The automatic blanking device of abnormity penholder
The utility model relates to the assembly technique field of penholder, especially relates to a kind of blanking device and method for carrying out automatic blanking in special-shaped penholder automation fitting process.
Along with the development of stationery industry, kind and the shape of pen are more and more, and this gives use of user leeway that provides more choices.But, due to the difference of this body structure of pen, make rigging equipment and method that its each element is assembled different.As the penholder of traditional neutral pen or ballpoint pen, be all circle, nib is all taper shape, and at present Zhi Bi enterprise to have released cross-sectional plane be the penholder of triangle or other shapes, also there is polygonal diamond nib in nib.
Traditional circular penholder or pen core are in the time of the blanking of assembling automatically, as Fig. 1 a, shown in 1b, its automatic blanking device comprises the first limiting stopper 91, the second limiting stopper 92, be located at the slide block 93 between the first limiting stopper 91 and the second limiting stopper 92, described the first limiting stopper 91 is provided with the first blanking groove 94 passing through for pen core blanking, the second limiting stopper 92 is provided with the second blanking groove 95 passing through for pen core blanking, slide block 93 is provided with the 3rd blanking groove 96, and the diameter of the height of the 3rd blanking groove 96 and pen core 97 is suitable, make the same time in the 3rd blanking groove 96 only can hold a pen core 97.
Described the first blanking groove 94 and the second blanking groove 95 sequence settings, the 3rd blanking groove 96 on described slide block 93 can be by the movement of slide block 93 (can by the slip of cylinder band movable slider), select from moving to the position coaxial with the second blanking groove 95 with the coaxial position of the first blanking groove 94, thereby by the pen core falling from the first blanking groove 94 by the needs of automatic assembling, send into singly the assembly station of subsequent processing, thereby realize the automatic blanking process of pen core etc.
But, be non-circular special-shaped penholder 8 for cross-sectional plane, as shown in Fig. 1 c, owing to being formed with corner angle on penholder, therefore, while carrying out blanking as use blanking device as shown in Figure 1, after the adjacent penholder falling is continuously stacked to together, there will be the phenomenon of mutually blocking the blanking that cannot misplace smoothly therebetween, penholder is moved in the process of dislocation at slide block, light scratch the outward appearance of penholder, or stop up blanking groove and make blanking not smooth, heavy cause the mechanism such as blanking groove, slide block of blanking device normally to work.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the defect of prior art, a kind of blanking device and baiting method of special-shaped penholder are provided, solve special-shaped penholder stacking special-shaped penholder in automation blanking process and cause blanking smooth or scratch the problem of special-shaped penholder outward appearance because of engaging, to realize the automatic blanking of special-shaped penholder in automation fitting process.
For achieving the above object, the utility model proposes following technical scheme: a kind of automatic blanking device of special-shaped penholder, comprises locating part, push rod, dislocation part, connecting panel, and the first propulsion source and the second propulsion source that are connected with described push rod and dislocation part respectively; Described locating part and dislocation part are installed on connecting panel, locating part is provided with blanking groove, connecting panel is provided with through hole, dislocation part is provided with dislocation groove, described push rod is under the drive of the first propulsion source, can stretch in the blanking groove of described locating part, and promote in described blanking groove special-shaped penholder bottom along the longitudinally of penholder, make in its dislocation groove that enters dislocation part; Described dislocation part carries out transversion malposition motion under the drive of the second propulsion source, and after make to misplace groove and described through hole coincide, the penholder in dislocation groove falls into next assembly station after through hole.
More preferably, described push rod is connected with described the first propulsion source by deck.
Described special-shaped penholder is automatically sent in described blanking groove also stacking from bottom to top from hopper or feeding belt.
The groove width of described blanking groove is slightly larger than the maximum gauge of described special-shaped penholder.
Between described locating part and push rod, be provided with guiding push rod and enter smoothly the guide groove in blanking groove.
Described locating part and described dislocation part be along the alternate setting of longitudinally of connecting panel, and in the time that described push rod advances described special-shaped penholder, the dislocation flowing current separation on described dislocation part select be positioned at locating part on the position of dead in line of blanking groove.
Described connecting panel is provided with the guide channel of the special-shaped penholder path of motion of guiding.
Described the first propulsion source and the second propulsion source are the first cylinder and the second cylinder.
Compared with prior art, first the utility model by misplacing special-shaped penholder along the longitudinally of penholder, and then carry out after the displacement of transversion malposition, make the special-shaped penholder after dislocation be able to automatic blanking separation, and in blanking process, can not there is to be stacked on because of special-shaped penholder the phenomenon of stuck blanking groove in blanking groove, overcome the technology vacancy that current special-shaped penholder cannot carry out automatic blanking, ensure that special-shaped penholder, when assembling the carrying out smoothly of automatic blanking, has improved the efficiency of assembling of special-shaped penholder.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 a-1c is the structural representation of existing penholder automatic blanking, wherein, is the blanking to existing penholder in Fig. 1 a-1b, and Fig. 1 c is the blanking to special-shaped penholder;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the utility model abnormity penholder automatic blanking device;
Fig. 3 is the schematic side view of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the schematic top plan view of Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram after the dislocation of the utility model dislocation part;
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of the utility model connecting panel.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing of the present utility model, the technical scheme of the utility model embodiment is carried out to clear, complete description.
The blanking device of a kind of special-shaped penholder that the utility model discloses and baiting method, belong to a part for the automated assembling equipment of the kind such as neutral pen, the ballpoint pen pen with special-shaped penholder, after special-shaped penholder being transferred to predetermined station, carry out carrying out follow-up assembly process with the element of the pens such as a head or tail plug.Certainly, the utility model is also applicable to the automatic blanking process of traditional circular penholder or pen core.
In conjunction with Fig. 2, Fig. 3, shown in Fig. 4, the automatic blanking device of the special-shaped penholder that the utility model discloses, it comprises locating part 1, push rod 2, dislocation part 3, connecting panel 4 and the first propulsion source and the second propulsion source, for convenience of description, the first propulsion source and the second propulsion source in the present embodiment all adopt cylinder, i.e. the first cylinder 5 and the second cylinder 6, but those skilled in the art should understand, in other embodiments, this propulsion source can also adopt other forms of propulsion source as hydraulic actuating cylinder, or other propulsions source of process cam link mechanism or pinion and rack conversion.
Described locating part 1 is arranged on described connecting panel 4, on locating part 1, be provided with the blanking groove 11 of the accommodating described special-shaped penholder 8 of plural number, the groove width of described blanking groove 11 is taking the maximum gauge that is slightly larger than special-shaped penholder as good, make so special-shaped penholder 8 fall into after blanking groove 11, automatically single stacking placement from bottom to top.Taking the direction shown in arrow in Fig. 3 as front, two open ends before and after each blanking groove 11 has, and be convenient to fall into blanking groove 11 from hopper or feeding belt (not shown) for special-shaped penholder 8, the upper port of described blanking groove can arrange the chamfering that is expansion.
Continue with reference to shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, described push rod 2 is located on the deck 21 of described locating part 1 rear end, and is connected with the first cylinder 5 by deck, and under the drive of the first cylinder 5, carries out the crank motion of front and back.In the present embodiment, the quantity of push rod 2 is identical with the quantity of blanking groove 11, the position of each push rod 2 corresponding each blanking groove 11, and the action of being passed forward or retreating simultaneously by these push rods 2 of a cylinder control.In other embodiment of the present utility model, can be according to the needs of blanking, select the motion of passing forward or returning separately by the different push rods of different cylinder control.Push rod 2 is under the drive of the first cylinder 5, can stretch into described blanking groove 11 from the rear open end of blanking groove 11, and promote the nethermost different in nature penholder 8 of each blanking groove, along the longitudinally of penholder, penholder is passed out to blanking groove 11, thereby its penholder falling continuously with other is separated at longitudinal sequence.
More preferably, described locating part 1 rear end is also connected with the guide 12 that the path of motion of push rod 2 is led, on described guide 12, corresponding described position-limited trough 11 is formed with plural guide groove 13, better to ensure that each push rod 2 enters respectively in the blanking groove 11 of each correspondence smoothly.
Shown in Fig. 5, described dislocation part 3 is located on the connecting panel 4 in described locating part 1 front, and dislocation part 3 is connected with described the second cylinder 6, and under the drive of the second cylinder 6, can carry out along penholder radially i.e. horizontal dislocation campaign.Dislocation be provided with on part 3 with locating part 1 in the dislocation groove 31 of blanking groove 11 respective numbers, after making in each blanking groove 31 special-shaped penholder bottom be released forward by each push rod, enter correspondingly respectively in described dislocation groove 31.
More preferably, on connecting panel 4 between described locating part 1 and dislocation part 3, be formed with accordingly plural guide channel (not shown) with described blanking groove 11, to guide better the motion of penholder, make its path of motion not understand left and right skew, thereby further ensure that special-shaped penholder 8 enters in dislocation groove 31 swimmingly.The structure of described guide channel can be on connecting panel, to form the conventional structure of chimb or this area.
Shown in Fig. 6, described connecting panel 4 is located on the pedestal of automated assembling equipment, the front end of connecting panel 4 is provided with plural through hole 41, described through hole 41 is corresponding with shape and the position of the groove 41 that misplaces on described dislocation part 3, under the drive of the second cylinder 6, carry out after transversion malposition motion for the part 3 that makes to misplace, dislocation groove 31 can overlap correspondingly with the position of through hole 41.After 3 dislocation of dislocation part, penholder 8 falls from dislocation groove 31 after through hole 41, to enter the assembling action of next assembly process, thereby completes the automatic blanking of special-shaped penholder.
When assembling, described special-shaped penholder 8 is sent into one by one in the blanking groove 11 of described locating part 1 from hopper or feeding belt, is then stacked in from the bottom up in each position-limited trough.Described push rod 2 is under the drive of the first cylinder 5, move forward by default program reference position of rear end from being positioned at locating part, make each push rod 2 stretch in the position-limited trough 11 of described correspondence and the corresponding position-limited trough of pushing tow in a nethermost penholder 8, it is shifted out from position-limited trough 11, until penholder 8 stops pushing tow after arriving position suitable in the groove 31 that misplaces on dislocation parts 3.Next, described the second cylinder 6 drives described dislocation part 3 to carry out horizontal dislocation campaign, after until misplace on dislocation part 3, on the position of groove 31 and connecting panel 4, the position of through hole 41 coincides, the penholder 8 of dislocation in groove 31 will fall into the assembly process at next work station through after described through hole 41, thereby realize the misplace blanking action of separation of special-shaped penholder.
Next, described push rod 2 and dislocation part 3 reset under the drive of the first cylinder 5 and the second cylinder 6, in described blanking groove, in stacking penholder, a nethermost penholder can fall into blanking groove 11 bottom automatically, to prepare to carry out the dislocation of next group penholder, so successively, thus realize the automation blanking of penholder.Certainly, at push rod 2, penholder 8 is pushed after the correct position in dislocation groove 31, the first cylinder 5 can drive push rod 2 directly to turn back to initial position.
Technology contents of the present utility model and technical characterictic have disclosed as above; but those of ordinary skill in the art still may be based on teaching of the present utility model and announcements and are done all replacement and modifications that does not deviate from the utility model spirit; therefore; the utility model protection domain should be not limited to the content that embodiment discloses; and should comprise various do not deviate from replacement of the present utility model and modifications, and contained by present patent application claim.