CN203827813U - Novel artificial weather influencing system - Google Patents

Novel artificial weather influencing system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203827813U
CN203827813U CN 201320834113 CN201320834113U CN203827813U CN 203827813 U CN203827813 U CN 203827813U CN 201320834113 CN201320834113 CN 201320834113 CN 201320834113 U CN201320834113 U CN 201320834113U CN 203827813 U CN203827813 U CN 203827813U
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China
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catalyst
control
rain
processor
aircraft
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CN 201320834113
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Chinese (zh)
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于子平
郭学良
王晋华
王广河
李春化
刘建平
周鼎富
张全秀
王东吉
钱毅
熊炎
稽振涛
韩淑文
刘培志
张鸽
刘芒龙
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中国兵器科学研究院
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Priority to CN201320561286 priority
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a novel artificial weather influencing system. Meteorological environment data can be collected in a specified detection area through a pilotless aircraft; when it is determined that cloud-seeding operations can be carried out according to the meteorological environment data, the pilotless aircraft is controlled to ignite or scatter articles carried by the pilotless aircraft and used for artificial precipitation in the detection area. Compared with the prior art, due to the fact that the system does not need to be controlled manually by a pilot, labor resources cannot be much wasted in the artificial precipitation operation process. Meanwhile, a ground artificial precipitation subsystem serves as an effective addition for the pilotless aircraft to achieve the artificial precipitation operations, and accordingly the novel artificial weather influencing system can be used for completing the artificial precipitation operations through different artificial precipitation ways, and the success rate of the artificial precipitation operations is improved.

Description

中兵新型人工影响天气系统 Soldiers in the new system of weather

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本实用新型涉及人工影响天气作业技术领域,尤其涉及一种中兵新型人工影响天气系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to a technical field of artificial weather impact operations, in particular to a new type of weather systems soldiers.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 目前,人工影响天气的手段是多种多样的。 [0002] At present, means weather modification are many and varied. 以人工催化降雨为例,传统的催化作业方式包括:1、采用人工点燃的方式在地面燃烧碘化银,并利用大气上升气流进行催化。 Artificial rainfall catalysis, for example, conventional catalytic practices include: 1, artificial ground ignited combustion mode in silver iodide, and using atmospheric catalytic updraft. 该方式存在着效率低、准确性低的问题。 Problems of low efficiency and low accuracy problems this way. 2、利用有人增雨飞机实施碘化银焰条燃烧播撒等进行催化的方式。 2, the use of silver iodide was flaming embodiment precipitation seeding aircraft strips catalytic manner.

[0003] 现有技术中,实现第2种催化作业方式的催化降雨系统可以包括4个部分,分别为气象探测子系统、指挥控制工控机(其往往为包含中央处理器的芯片或电脑或电路板,也称指挥控制中心设备)、地面站工控机(其往往为包含中央处理器的芯片或电脑或电路板,也称地面站子系统)以及安装有飞机控制信号收发器、气象环境数据采集器(一般为各种传感器,例如温度传感器、湿度传感器等等)、增雨催化剂播撒设备及控制增雨催化剂播撒设备对增雨催化剂进行处理的控制设备的有人增雨飞机。 [0003] In the prior art, to achieve the second type catalytic system rain catalytic practices may include four parts, respectively, weather detection subsystem, IPC command and control (which is often a computer or as a chip or circuit including a central processing unit plate, also known as device command and control center), ground station IPC (which is often a computer or as a chip or circuit board containing the central processor, also called ground station subsystem) and mounted with a control signal transceiver aircraft, meteorological data collection environment Some precipitation is aircraft (typically the various sensors, such as temperature sensors, humidity sensors, etc.), catalyst precipitation sowing sowing equipment and control equipment rainfall precipitation of the catalyst the catalyst control apparatus for processing.

[0004] 气象探测子系统一般包括卫星和/或气象探测辐射仪。 [0004] The detection subsystem generally includes a meteorological satellite and / or meteorological radiometer. 该气象探测子系统的功能在于采集遥感气象数据并提供给指挥控制中心设备。 The meteorological sensing subsystem functions to collect meteorological data and provided to device command and control center. 视实际中的不同需求,用于采集遥感气象数据的设备可以是卫星和气象探测辐射仪中的一个或多个。 Depending on the actual needs, sensing devices for collecting meteorological data may be one or more satellites and a meteorological instrument for detecting radiation.

[0005] 指挥控制中心设备主要用于:获得气象探测子系统提供的遥感气象数据,并根据遥感气象数据确定出有人增雨飞机的探测区域的位置信息后,将探测区域的位置信息发送给地面站子系统;以及接收地面站子系统发送的气象环境数据,判断是否能在探测区域进行催雨作业;并在判断结果为是时,向地面站子系统发送催雨指令; [0005] Command Control center apparatus is mainly used for: obtaining weather data meteorological sensing subsystem, and the precipitation was determined aircraft position information detection area based weather sensing data, sends the location information of the detection area to ground station subsystem; meteorological and environmental data receiving ground station subsystem sends determines whether the job can be performed in the detection region rain catalyst; and when the judgment result is positive, to the ground station subsystem sends reminders rain instruction;

[0006] 地面站子系统主要用于:接收指挥控制中心设备发送的探测区域的位置信息;并根据探测区域的位置信息,确定并向有人增雨飞机发送飞行路径信息;将有人增雨飞机发送的气象环境数据发送给指挥控制中心设备;并将指挥控制中心设备发送的催雨指令发送给有人增雨飞机。 [0006] mainly used for terrestrial station subsystem: receiving location information transmitted command and control center of the detection area of ​​the device; and the position information detection region, to determine the flight path information and transmits precipitation was aircraft; transmitting aircraft was rainfall meteorological environmental data to command and control center equipment; and command and control center equipment sends reminders rain instruction is sent to someone rainfall aircraft.

[0007] 针对有人增雨飞机而言,飞行员可以根据安装在有人增雨飞机上的信号收发器所接收到的由地面站子系统(该地面站子系统可以为工控机,也可以为可以产生控制信号的电路,还可以为具备CPU的芯片)发送的飞行路径信息,控制有人增雨飞机飞入待进行人工催化降雨的目标区域(一般为目标云层)后,控制有人增雨飞机上安装的气象环境数据采集器进行气象环境数据的采集。 [0007] Some precipitation for an aircraft, the pilot may be received from the signal transceiver precipitation was mounted on the aircraft by ground station subsystem (which may be a ground station IPC subsystem, may also be generated as a target area control signal circuit, it may also be provided with a CPU chip) flight path information sent by the aircraft to fly into the precipitation was controlled to be catalyzed artificial rainfall (typically target cloud), the control was mounted on an aircraft rainfall meteorological environment acquisition of meteorological data acquisition of environmental data. 此后,信号收发器可以将在目标区域采集到的气象环境数据发送给地面站子系统。 Thereafter, the signal transceiver may be collected in the target area meteorological environment data to the ground station subsystem. 进一步地,在信号收发器接收到地面站子系统发送的催雨指令后,飞行员通过控制有人增雨飞机上安装的控制增雨催化剂播撒设备对增雨催化剂进行处理的控制设备,实现对增雨催化剂播撒设备所携带的增雨催化剂的处理,从而完成增雨催化作业。 Further, after the signal transceiver receives terrestrial station subsystem sends instruction catalyst rain, the pilot control device for processing the catalyst by precipitation control catalyst precipitation was sowing equipment mounted on aircraft precipitation, precipitation achieved precipitation process employed in the catalyst carried sowing apparatus, thereby completing the precipitation catalytic operation.

[0008] 上述方式存在的缺陷在于:有人增雨飞机以及有人增雨飞机上安装的控制设备等需要由飞行员手动进行控制,从而导致增雨催化作业的过程会耗费较多的人力资源。 The presence of [0008] above drawback: Some rainfall aircraft and control equipment installed on the aircraft rainfall someone needs to be controlled manually by the pilot, causing a catalytic process rainfall job will consume more human resources. 实用新型内容 SUMMARY

[0009] 本实用新型实施例提供一种中兵新型人工影响天气系统,用以解决现有技术中利用有人增雨飞机来实现增雨催化作业会导致增雨催化作业的过程会耗费较多人力资源的问题。 [0009] embodiment of the present invention to provide a new type of weather in Soldiers system to solve the problem that some people use to achieve rainfall rainfall aircraft operation will lead to catalyze the process of rainfall catalytic job will cost more manpower problem resource.

[0010] 本实用新型实施例采用以下技术方案: [0010] Example embodiment of the present invention adopts the following technical scheme:

[0011] 一种中兵新型人工影响天气系统,包括:气象探测子系统、指挥控制工控机、地面站工控机,还包括无人驾驶飞机、地面催雨作业子系统以及安装于所述无人驾驶飞机上的下述设备: [0011] A new type of weather in the military system, comprising: a meteorological subsystem IPC command and control, IPC ground station, the drone further comprising a ground operation subsystem, and a reminder rain attached to the unmanned driving the following equipment on board:

[0012] 气象环境数据采集器; [0012] meteorological environment data collection;

[0013] 携带增雨催化剂的增雨催化剂播撒设备; [0013] Precipitation Precipitation with a catalyst carried sowing equipment;

[0014] 控制增雨催化剂播撒设备对所述增雨催化剂进行处理的控制设备; [0014] Precipitation of the catalyst control apparatus to spread the catalyst control apparatus to the precipitation process;

[0015] 接收所述地面站工控机发送的飞行路径信息和催雨指令,并对所述气象环境数据采集器采集的气象环境数据进行发送的飞机控制信号收发器; [0015] The ground station receives flight path information and reminders sent rain IPC command, the weather and meteorological environment environmental data collected by data acquisition aircraft transmits a control signal transceiver;

[0016] 根据所述飞行路径信息控制所述无人驾驶飞机飞行、根据所述催雨指令控制所述气象环境数据采集器和所述控制设备的处理器; [0016] The information for controlling the flight path of the unmanned aircraft, the catalyst according to the control instruction rain weather data acquisition and environmental control processor of the apparatus;

[0017] 其中,所述地面催雨作业子系统包括: [0017] wherein the ground subsystem includes catalyst Clear operations:

[0018] 火箭弹发射设备、接收所述指挥控制工控机发送的催雨指令的火箭弹作业控制信号收发器和根据催雨指令控制火箭弹发射设备发射火箭弹的处理器;以及 [0018] rocket transmitting device, receiving a command and control catalyst rain IPC command transmitted rocket job control signal transceiver and control equipment rocket launchers launch rockets rain instruction processor according catalyst; and

[0019] 高射炮发射设备、接收所述指挥控制工控机发送的催雨指令的高射炮作业控制信号收发器和根据催雨指令控制高射炮发射设备发射高射炮的处理器;以及 [0019] anti-aircraft device transmitting, flak job control signal transceiver receives the control command sent by the IPC command and control of catalyst rain flak flak transmission device transmits instruction processor according rain catalyst; and

[0020] 焰炉点火器、接收所述指挥控制工控机发送的催雨指令的焰炉作业控制信号收发器和根据催雨指令控制所述焰炉点火器点燃焰炉中的碘化银焰条的处理器; [0020] Flame igniter furnace, receives the instruction command and control catalyst rain IPC transmitted muffle job control signal controlling said transceiver and processing furnace flame igniter according to the instruction catalyst rain iodide flare ignited flame of the furnace device;

[0021] 其中,所述火箭弹和所述高射炮中填充有增雨催化剂。 [0021] wherein the anti-aircraft rockets and filled with the precipitation of the catalyst.

[0022] 本实用新型实施例的有益效果如下: [0022] Advantageous effects of the present invention embodiment is as follows:

[0023] 本实用新型实施例提供的上述方案通过采用无人驾驶飞机来实现在指定探测区域内采集气象环境数据,并在根据气象环境数据判断出可以进行催雨作业时,控制无人驾驶飞机在探测区域内点燃或步撒其携带的用于催化降雨的物品而实现催雨。 When [0023] the above-described embodiment of the present invention provided to achieve the acquisition of meteorological data for a specified environment detection area, and it is determined that the job can be performed according to environmental catalyst rain weather data by using unmanned aircraft, drones control ignition or cast article carrying step for catalytic rain rain catalyst is achieved in the detection region. 与现有技术相t匕,由于该方案不需要飞行员手动进行控制,从而不会使增雨催化作业的过程耗费太多的人力资源。 T dagger with the prior art, since the program does not require the pilot to manually control the process so as not to take too much precipitation catalytic job HR. 同时,地面催雨作业子系统作为采用无人驾驶飞机实现催化降雨作业的有效补充,从而使得本实用新型实施例提供的该中兵新型人工影响天气系统可以通过不同的催化降雨途径完成催化降雨作业,从而提高催化降雨作业的成功率。 Meanwhile, the ground subsystem as an effective catalyst rain job supplement drone implemented using catalytic rainfall job, so that the soldiers in the new system of weather embodiment the present invention provides a catalytic rainfall jobs may be accomplished by different catalytic pathway rainfall to improve the success rate of catalytic rainfall jobs.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0024] 图1本实用新型实施例提供的一种中兵新型人工影响天气系统的具体结构示意图。 [0024] DETAILED structural diagram of an embodiment of the invention to provide a new type of weather in military systems.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0025] 近几年,随着无人驾驶飞机(简称无人驾驶飞机)技术的飞速发展,无人驾驶飞机控制系统的可靠性以及无人驾驶飞机的自主飞行能力等都得到了很大的提升。 [0025] In recent years, with the drone (unmanned aircraft for short) rapid development of technology, unmanned aircraft control system reliability as well as unmanned aircraft and so autonomous flight capability has been greatly upgrade. 现有技术中,无人驾驶飞机的自主飞行主要是通过无人驾驶飞机上安装的飞机控制信号收发器和处理器(该处理器一般为控制电路或具备CPU的芯片)而实现的。 In the prior art, autonomous unmanned aircraft flight mainly (the processor typically includes a control circuit or a CPU chip) to achieve a control signal via a transceiver and a processor installed on the drone aircraft.

[0026] 比如,该飞机控制信号收发器可以接收地面控制中心所发送的飞行路径信息,而处理器则可以根据该飞机控制信号收发器所接收到的飞行路径信息,实现控制无人驾驶飞机按照飞行路径信息进行飞行。 [0026] For example, the control plane may signal the transceiver receives flight path information transmitted by the ground control center, and the processor may control the flight path information of the signal received by the transceiver based on the aircraft, drones realize the control in accordance with flight path information for flight.

[0027] 此外,飞机控制信号收发器还可以接收地面控制中心发送的控制指令并向该地面站子系统反馈处理器根据该控制指令控制传感器采集到的特定信息。 [0027] Further, the control signal aircraft transceiver may also receive control commands transmitted to the ground control center of the ground station processor subsystem feedback control sensors to collect specific information according to the control instruction.

[0028] 而处理器则还可以根据飞机控制信号收发器接收的控制指令,实现对安装在无人驾驶飞机上的诸如救灾物质投放设备的控制设备(该控制设备一般为控制电路或具备CPU 的芯片)的控制,使得该控制设备在处理器的控制下,控制与该控制设备相连接的救灾物质投放设备在规定地点对救灾物质进行投放。 [0028] and the processor can also control the aircraft control command signals received by the transceiver, to achieve control equipment, such as relief material mounted on the drone delivery device (control circuit or control apparatus typically includes a CPU chip) control, such that the control device under the control of the processor, the control substance relief connected to the control device of the delivery device delivery location at a predetermined relief material.

[0029] 或者,处理器还可以根据飞机控制信号收发器接收的控制指令,实现对安装在无人驾驶飞机上的传感器的控制,使得传感器能够实现对特定信息(如温度信息以及湿度信息等)的米集等等。 [0029] Alternatively, the processor may also control the aircraft control command signals received by the transceiver, to achieve control of the sensor mounted on the unmanned aircraft, such that the sensor can be achieved (e.g., temperature information, humidity information, etc.) for specific information the meter sets and so on.

[0030] 基于现有技术中的无人驾驶飞机的上述功能,将无人驾驶飞机技术应用于人工影响天气作业变得可能。 [0030] Based on the above features the art of drones, unmanned aircraft technology will be used in weather modification operations become possible.

[0031] 本实用新型中,为了解决现有技术中的催化降雨系统由于利用有人增雨飞机来实现增雨催化作业会导致增雨催化作业的过程会耗费较多人力资源的问题,基于无人驾驶飞机,提供了一种新型的中兵新型人工影响天气系统。 [0031] The present invention, in order to solve the rain catalytic system of the prior art due to the use of aircraft to achieve someone rainfall precipitation rainfall catalytic jobs would result in the catalytic process operations will consume many problems of human resources, based on unmanned fly a plane, to provide a new type of new soldiers of weather systems.

[0032] 以下结合说明书附图对本实用新型的实施例进行说明,应当理解,此处所描述的实施例仅用于说明和解释本实用新型,并不用于限制本实用新型。 [0032] The following description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of embodiments of the present invention will be described, it should be understood that the embodiments described herein only to illustrate and explain the present invention, it is not intended to limit the present invention. 并且在不冲突的情况下, 本说明中的实施例及实施例中的特征可以互相结合。 And in the case of no conflict, the embodiments and features described in the embodiments of the present embodiment may be combined with each other.

[0033] 本实用新型实施例提供一种如图1所示的中兵新型人工影响天气系统,该系统主要包括气象探测子系统11、指挥控制工控机12、地面站工控机13、无人驾驶飞机14、地面催雨作业子系统15以及安装于无人驾驶飞机14上的下述设备: [0033] Example embodiments of the present invention to provide a new type of weather in the military system shown in Figure 1, the system mainly includes a weather detection subsystem 11, 12 IPC command and control, IPC ground station 13, unmanned 14 aircraft, the ground subsystem 15 and the catalyst rain jobs following equipment is installed in the drone 14:

[0034] 气象环境数据采集器; [0034] meteorological environment data collection;

[0035] 携带增雨催化剂的增雨催化剂播撒设备; [0035] Precipitation Precipitation with a catalyst carried sowing equipment;

[0036] 控制增雨催化剂播撒设备对增雨催化剂进行处理的控制设备; [0036] Precipitation of the catalyst control apparatus to spread the catalyst precipitation process control apparatus;

[0037] 接收地面站工控机发送的飞行路径信息和催雨指令,并对气象环境数据采集器采集的气象环境数据进行发送的飞机控制信号收发器; [0037] The ground station receives flight path information, and the catalyst IPC command transmitted rain, weather and meteorological environment environmental data collected by data acquisition aircraft transmits a control signal transceiver;

[0038] 根据飞行路径信息控制无人驾驶飞机飞行、根据催雨指令控制气象环境数据采集器和控制设备的处理器。 [0038] The flight control unmanned aircraft flight path information, according to the instruction from the control processor catalyst rain data acquisition and environmental control equipment weather.

[0039] 上述设备的连接关系包括: [0039] The connection relation of the devices comprising:

[0040] 气象环境数据采集器与处理器采用有线或无线连接方式相连接; [0040] meteorological environment data acquisition processor using a wired or wireless connection is connected;

[0041] 增雨催化剂播撒设备与控制设备采用有线或无线连接方式相连接; [0041] Precipitation catalyst seeding equipment and control equipment using a wired or wireless connection is connected;

[0042] 控制设备与处理器采用有线或无线连接方式相连接; [0042] The control apparatus with a processor using a wired or wireless connection is connected;

[0043] 飞机控制信号收发器与地面站工控机13采用无线连接方式相连接。 [0043] Aircraft control signal transceiver and the ground station IPC wireless connection 13 is connected.

[0044] 本实用新型实施例中,上述地面催雨作业子系统15包括: [0044] The embodiment of the present invention, the above-described catalyst rain ground subsystem 15 operations comprising:

[0045] 火箭弹发射设备、接收指挥控制工控机12发送的催雨指令的火箭弹作业控制信号收发器,以及根据催雨指令控制火箭弹发射设备发射火箭弹的处理器; [0045] rocket transmitting device receives command and control operations catalyst rocket rain IPC command 12 transmitted from the control signal transceiver, and a control device rocket launchers launch rockets rain instruction processor according catalyst;

[0046] 高射炮发射设备、接收指挥控制工控机12发送的催雨指令的高射炮作业控制信号收发器,以及根据催雨指令控制高射炮发射设备发射高射炮的处理器; [0046] anti-aircraft device transmitting, receiving a job command and control flak catalyst rain IPC command 12 transmitted from the control signal transceiver, and a control anti-aircraft device transmitting according to the transmit processor flak catalyst rain instruction;

[0047] 焰炉点火器、接收指挥控制工控机12发送的催雨指令的焰炉作业控制信号收发器,以及根据催雨指令控制焰炉点火器点燃焰炉中的碘化银焰条的处理器。 [0047] Flame igniter furnace, muffle furnace receives command and control transceiver catalyst job control signal transmitted from rain IPC command 12, and a control processor ignited flame igniter furnace muffle furnace silver iodide flare rain catalyst according to the instruction.

[0048] 地面催雨作业子系统15所包含的上述设备的连接关系如下: [0048] Ground working catalyst rain said apparatus comprising a subsystem 15 is connected as follows:

[0049] 火箭弹作业控制信号收发器与根据催雨指令控制火箭弹发射设备发射火箭弹的处理器采用有线或无线连接方式相连接; [0049] The job control rockets and the control signal transceiver transmitting apparatus rocket launch rockets processor wired or wireless connection is connected to the catalyst according to the instruction of rain;

[0050] 根据催雨指令控制火箭弹发射设备发射火箭弹的处理器和火箭弹发射设备采用有线或无线连接方式相连接; [0050] The control apparatus rocket launchers launch rockets and rocket launchers processor device using a wired connection or wireless connection with the catalyst according to the instruction of rain;

[0051] 高射炮作业控制信号收发器与根据催雨指令控制高射炮发射设备发射高射炮的处理器采用有线或无线连接方式相连接; [0051] flak job control signal transceiver and is connected to the catalyst according to the instruction of the control rain flak flak transmission device transmits a processor wired or wireless connection;

[0052] 根据催雨指令控制高射炮发射设备发射高射炮的处理器和高射炮发射设备采用有线或无线连接方式相连接; [0052] The catalyst rain transmission device transmits instruction from the control processor flak anti-aircraft and anti-aircraft device transmitting wired or wireless connection is connected;

[0053] 焰炉作业控制信号收发器与根据催雨指令控制焰炉点火器点燃焰炉中的碘化银焰条的处理器采用有线或无线连接方式相连接; [0053] The job control muffle furnace and the control signal transceiver muffle furnace flame igniter ignites silver iodide flare processor wired or wireless connection is connected to the catalyst according to the instruction of rain;

[0054] 根据催雨指令控制焰炉点火器点燃焰炉中的碘化银焰条的处理器和焰炉点火器采用有线或无线连接方式相连接。 [0054] The catalyst is connected to a control instruction rain muffle silver iodide flare igniter ignites muffle furnace muffle furnace and a processor igniter using a wired or wireless connection.

[0055] 此外,指挥控制工控机12与火箭弹作业控制信号收发器采用有线或无线连接方式相连接;指挥控制工控机12与高射炮作业控制信号收发器采用有线或无线连接方式相连接;指挥控制工控机12与焰炉作业控制信号收发器采用有线或无线连接方式相连接。 [0055] In addition, command and control IPC 12 and rockets job control signal transceiver using a wired or wireless connection is connected; command and control IPC 12 and antiaircraft job control signal transceiver using a wired or wireless connection is connected; Command Control IPC-it fired furnace 12 and job control signal transceiver using a wired or wireless connection is connected.

[0056] 以下具体说明:本实用新型实施例提供的上述中兵新型人工影响天气系统中的一些主要设备: [0056] The following detailed description: In the above-described novel soldiers of weather systems of the present invention in the embodiment provides major equipment:

[0057] 1、气象探测子系统11,用于采集遥感气象数据并提供给指挥控制工控机12 ; [0057] 1, meteorological subsystem 11, remote sensing for collecting meteorological data and provides command and control to the IPC 12;

[0058] 其中,这里所说的遥感气象数据是通过对云层进行远距离检测而得到的一些信息,其可以但不限于包括:云层厚度信息、云层位置信息(一般包括用于定位云层位置的经纬度坐标以及云层的海拔高度)、信息云层移动速度信息和/或云层面积信息等等。 [0058] wherein some of the information mentioned here is obtained by remote sensing of the meteorological data cloud for long-range detection is obtained, which may include but is not limited to: information cloud thickness, cloud location information (latitude and longitude generally includes a position locating clouds coordinates and the altitude of the clouds), the moving speed information and information cloud / cloud or the area information and the like.

[0059] 2、指挥控制工控机12,用于获得气象探测子系统11提供的遥感气象数据,并根据遥感气象数据确定无人驾驶飞机的探测区域的位置信息;将探测区域的位置信息发送给地面站工控机13 ;接收地面站工控机13发送的气象环境数据判断是否能在探测区域进行催雨作业;并在判断结果为是时发出催雨指令。 [0059] 2, IPC command and control 12, for obtaining weather data meteorological sensing subsystem 11 is provided, and the position information of the detection area is determined in accordance with the drone sensing meteorological data; transmit the location information to the detection zone IPC ground station 13; determining whether the received data meteorological environment IPC ground station 13 transmits the operation can be performed in the detection region rain catalyst; and when the determination result is the rain instruction issue reminders.

[0060] 其中,由于根据历史经验值,可以得出可能发生降雨的云的云层厚度和云层移动速度等指标,因此一般地,根据遥感气象数据和预先得出的上述指标,可以确定出可能发生降雨的云即适合被催雨的云,进一步地,可以得出适合被催雨的云的云层位置信息,即上文所述的无人驾驶飞机的探测区域的位置信息。 [0060] wherein, based on historical experience since the value can be derived cloud thickness and cloud moving speed indicators rain clouds that may occur, and therefore generally, the remotely sensed data and the meteorological indicators previously derived, may occur may be determined i.e. rain cloud reminder for the rain clouds, further, the catalyst can be drawn for the rain clouds clouds position information, i.e., the position information detection region above the drone.

[0061] 此外,所述"气象环境数据"是指可以作为催雨作业判定依据的云层信息,其可以但不限于包括云层的云中粒子统计分布信息、云层的温度信息、云层的湿度信息和/或云层的气压信息等。 [0061] In addition, the "weather environmental data" refers to information it can be determined based on the cloud as a catalyst rain job, which may be but is not limited to the statistical distribution of the particle cloud information includes cloud, the cloud temperature information, humidity information and clouds / or pneumatic information cloud.

[0062] 3、地面站工控机13,用于接收指挥控制工控机12发送的探测区域的位置信息;并根据探测区域的位置信息,确定并向飞机控制信号收发器发送飞行路径信息;将飞机控制信号收发器发送的气象环境数据发送给指挥控制工控机12 ;并将指挥控制工控机12发送的催雨指令发送给飞机控制信号收发器12。 [0062] 3, IPC ground station 13, the command and control for receiving location information transmitted from the detection region 12 of the IPC; and the position information detection region, and determining a control signal transceiver transmits the aircraft flight path information; aircraft meteorological environment data transceiver to transmit a control signal is sent to the IPC command and control 12; and a control command catalyst rain IPC command 12 sends a control signal is sent to the transceiver 12 aircraft.

[0063] 本实用新型实施例中,安装在无人驾驶飞机14上的主要设备的功能如下: The main function of the device [0063] embodiment of the present invention, mounted on the unmanned aircraft 14 is as follows:

[0064] A、飞机控制信号收发器:用于接收地面站工控机13发送的飞行路径信息;并将气象环境数据采集器采集到的气象环境数据发送给地面站工控机13 ;以及接收地面站工控机13发送的催雨指令; [0064] A, a control signal transceiver aircraft: flight path for receiving information transmitted from the ground station 13 IPC; meteorological environment and transmits data acquisition collected meteorological environment IPC data to the ground station 13; and receiving ground station rain catalyst IPC command 13 sent;

[0065] B、处理器:用于根据飞机控制信号收发器接收的飞行路径信息,控制无人驾驶飞机飞入探测区域后,控制气象环境数据采集器进行气象环境数据的采集;并根据飞机控制信号收发器接收的催雨指令,通过对控制增雨催化剂播撒设备对增雨催化剂进行处理的控制设备的控制,使得该控制设备控制增雨催化剂播撒设备在探测区域内点燃或步撒其携带的用于催化降雨的物品。 [0065] B, the processor: the flight path information for an aircraft according to the control signal received by the transceiver, controlled drone flying into the detection zone, the control meteorological environment acquisition of meteorological data acquisition environmental data; and a control plane according to rain catalyst command signal received by the transceiver, by controlling the precipitation of the catalyst sowing device control apparatus for controlling processing of catalyst precipitation, so that the control device controls the ignition device in the precipitation of the catalyst within the sowing area or detection step of carrying spread for catalytic rainfall items.

[0066] C、气象环境数据采集器:可以但不限于包括如下表所示的多种传感器中的一种或多种,各传感器所采集的信息也请参见下表。 [0066] C, meteorological data collection environment: can be but is not limited to include one or more of a variety of sensors shown in the following Table in, each of the sensor information collected also see the table below.

[0067] [0067]

[0068] 本实用新型实施例中,地面催雨作业子系统15的主要组成部分的功能如下: [0068] Example embodiment of the present invention, the ground catalyst rain job function subsystem 15 of the main components as follows:

[0069] 火箭弹作业控制信号收发器:用于接收指挥控制工控机12发送的催雨指令; [0069] rocket job control signal transceiver: receiving a command for controlling catalyst rain IPC command 12 sent;

[0070] 根据催雨指令控制火箭弹发射设备发射火箭弹的处理器:其往往为包含中央处理器的芯片或电脑或电路板,用于在火箭弹作业控制信号收发器接收到催雨指令后,控制火箭弹发射设备发射火箭弹; After it is often a computer or as a chip or circuit board containing the central processor, for rockets job control signal transceiver receives rain instruction catalyst: [0070] Control apparatus rocket launchers launch rockets rain instruction processor according catalyst The control apparatus rocket launchers launch rockets;

[0071] 高射炮作业控制信号收发器:用于接收指挥控制工控机12发送的催雨指令; [0071] The job control signal transceiver flak: means for receiving a control command catalyst rain IPC command 12 is transmitted;

[0072] 根据催雨指令控制高射炮发射设备发射高射炮的处理器:其往往为包含中央处理器的芯片或电脑或电路板,用于在高射炮作业控制信号收发器接收到催雨指令后,控制高射炮发射设备发射高射炮; [0072] The transmission device transmits the control processor flak flak rain catalyst according to the instruction: it is often a computer or as a chip or circuit board containing the central processor for the flak job control signal transceiver receives reminders rain instruction, flak transmission device transmits flak;

[0073] 焰炉作业控制信号收发器:用于接收指挥控制工控机12发送的催雨指令; [0073] muffle job control signal transceiver: receiving a command for controlling catalyst rain IPC command 12 sent;

[0074] 控制焰炉点火器点燃焰炉中的碘化银焰条的处理器,其往往为包含中央处理器的芯片或电脑或电路板,用于在焰炉作业控制信号收发器接收到催雨指令后,控制焰炉点火器点燃焰炉中的碘化银焰条。 [0074] Control processor ignited flame igniter furnace muffle furnace silver iodide flare, which is often a computer or as a chip or circuit board containing the central processor, in a muffle furnace for job control signal transceiver receives instruction catalyst rain after the control muffle igniter ignites silver iodide flare flame furnace.

[0075] 需要说明的是,该上述地面催雨作业子系统15中的各设备都已是现有技术中比较成熟的一种技术,其广泛应用于人工催化降雨领域中。 [0075] Incidentally, the above-described catalyst rain ground working devices 15 of each subsystem of the prior art are relatively mature technique, which is widely used in the field of artificial rainfall catalysis. 本实用新型实施例在中兵新型人工影响天气系统中增加该地面催雨作业子系统15的目的在于,使得该地面催雨作业子系统15作为采用无人驾驶飞机实现催化降雨作业的有效补充,从而使得本实用新型实施例提供的该中兵新型人工影响天气系统可以通过不同的催化降雨途径完成催化降雨作业,从而提高催化降雨作业的成功率。 Example embodiment of the present invention to increase the ground troops in the novel catalyst system of artificial rain weather object subsystem 15 that job, so that the ground catalyst rain job supplement subsystem 15 effectively employed as a catalyst to achieve drone rainfall job, such that the present invention is provided in the embodiment of the soldiers of weather novel catalyst system can complete the work by different catalytic rain precipitation route, thereby improving the success rate of the catalytic rainfall job.

[0076] 综上,本实用新型实施例提供的该方案集探测、指挥、作业等功能于一体,具有作业灵活、效率高,操作简便、无人员安全隐患等优点。 [0076] In summary, the embodiment of the present invention embodiment set provided in the probe, command, and other functions in one job, the job having a flexible, efficient, easy to operate, no personnel security risks and other advantages.

[0077] 显然,本领域的技术人员可以对本实用新型进行各种改动和变型而不脱离本实用新型的精神和范围。 [0077] Obviously, those skilled in the art without departing from the present invention may be the spirit and scope of the present invention that various modifications and variations. 这样,倘若本实用新型的这些修改和变型属于本实用新型权利要求及其等同技术的范围之内,则本实用新型也意图包含这些改动和变型在内。 Thus, the present invention if such modifications and variations belong to the present invention as claimed in claims and their equivalents within the scope thereof, the present invention intends to include these modifications and variations.

Claims (3)

1. 一种中兵新型人工影响天气系统,包括气象探测子系统、指挥控制工控机、地面站工控机,其特征在于,还包括无人驾驶飞机、地面催雨作业子系统以及安装于所述无人驾驶飞机上的下述设备: 气象环境数据采集器; 携带增雨催化剂的增雨催化剂播撒设备; 控制增雨催化剂播撒设备对所述增雨催化剂进行处理的控制设备; 接收所述地面站工控机发送的飞行路径信息和催雨指令,并对所述气象环境数据采集器采集的气象环境数据进行发送的飞机控制信号收发器; 根据所述飞行路径信息控制所述无人驾驶飞机飞行、根据所述催雨指令控制所述气象环境数据采集器和所述控制设备的处理器; 其中,所述地面催雨作业子系统包括: 火箭弹发射设备、接收所述指挥控制工控机发送的催雨指令的火箭弹作业控制信号收发器和根据催雨指令控制火箭弹发射 A new type of weather in military systems, including meteorological detection subsystem, IPC command and control, IPC ground station, characterized by further comprising a drone, rain ground catalyst attached to the operation subsystem, and unmanned aircraft following equipment: data acquisition meteorological environment; precipitation catalyst carrying catalyst precipitation seeding apparatus; controlling the precipitation of the catalyst apparatus sowing catalyst precipitation process control apparatus; receiving said ground station rain catalyst flight path information and instruction transmitted IPC, the weather and meteorological environmental data acquired environmental data acquisition aircraft transmits a control signal transceiver; according to the flight path of the unmanned aircraft flight control information, the catalyst according to the control instruction rain weather data acquisition and environmental control processor of the apparatus; wherein the ground subsystem includes catalyst Clear job: rocket transmitting apparatus, receiving the control command transmitted catalyst IPC rocket job control signal transceiver and control rockets the catalyst rain rain instruction issue instructions 设备发射火箭弹的处理器;以及高射炮发射设备、接收所述指挥控制工控机发送的催雨指令的高射炮作业控制信号收发器和根据催雨指令控制高射炮发射设备发射高射炮的处理器;以及焰炉点火器、接收所述指挥控制工控机发送的催雨指令的焰炉作业控制信号收发器和根据催雨指令控制所述焰炉点火器点燃焰炉中的碘化银焰条的处理器; 其中,所述火箭弹和所述高射炮中填充有增雨催化剂。 A processor device to launch rockets; anti-aircraft gun and a transmitting device, receiving the control command transmitted catalyst rain IPC command job control signal transceiver flak anti-aircraft gun and anti-aircraft according to the transmission device transmits instruction catalyst rain control processor; and a muffle igniter receiving the command and control catalyst rain IPC command transmitted muffle job control signal transceiver and the processor controls the igniter flame furnace according to the instruction catalyst rain iodide flare ignition flame in the furnace; wherein the said anti-aircraft rockets and filled with the precipitation of the catalyst.
2. 如权利要求1所述的中兵新型人工影响天气系统,其特征在于: 所述气象环境数据采集器与所述处理器采用有线或无线连接方式相连接; 所述增雨催化剂播撒设备与所述控制设备采用有线或无线连接方式相连接; 所述控制设备与所述处理器采用有线或无线连接方式相连接; 所述飞机控制信号收发器与所述地面站工控机采用无线连接方式相连接; 所述火箭弹作业控制信号收发器与所述根据催雨指令控制火箭弹发射设备发射火箭弹的处理器采用有线或无线连接方式相连接; 所述根据催雨指令控制火箭弹发射设备发射火箭弹的处理器和所述火箭弹发射设备采用有线或无线连接方式相连接; 所述高射炮作业控制信号收发器与所述根据催雨指令控制高射炮发射设备发射高射炮的处理器采用有线或无线连接方式相连接; 所述根据催雨指令控制高射炮发射 2 soldiers in new artificial weather system according to claim 1, wherein: said meteorological environment data collection with the processor using a wired or wireless connection phase; said catalyst precipitation seeding device the control device uses a wired or wireless connection phase; said control device and said processor using a wired or wireless connection is connected; said aircraft control signal transceiver and the ground station IPC wireless connection with ; said control rocket job control signal transceiver and the transmitting apparatus rocket launch rockets processor wired or wireless connection is connected to the catalyst according to the instruction of rain; the emission control apparatus according to rocket launchers catalyst instruction rain rockets and said processor apparatus rocket launchers wired or wireless connection is connected; flak the job control signal transceiver and the transmission device transmits the control processor flak antiaircraft wired or wireless connection according to the instruction catalyst rain embodiment is connected; flak according to the control command transmitter catalyst rain 备发射高射炮的处理器和所述高射炮发射设备采用有线或无线连接方式相连接; 所述焰炉作业控制信号收发器与所述根据催雨指令控制所述焰炉点火器点燃焰炉中的碘化银焰条的处理器采用有线或无线连接方式相连接; 所述根据催雨指令控制所述焰炉点火器点燃焰炉中的碘化银焰条的处理器和所述焰炉点火器采用有线或无线连接方式相连接; 所述指挥控制工控机与火箭弹作业控制信号收发器采用有线或无线连接方式相连接; 所述指挥控制工控机与高射炮作业控制信号收发器采用有线或无线连接方式相连接; 所述指挥控制工控机与焰炉作业控制信号收发器采用有线或无线连接方式相连接。 The processor and the preparation of anti-aircraft flak emission transmitting apparatus using a wired or wireless connection phase; said muffle job control signal to control the transceiver and the ignited flame igniter furnace muffle furnace silver iodide catalyst according to the instruction rain flare processor wired or wireless connection is connected; said control catalyst according to the igniter flame furnace ignition instruction rain muffle furnace silver iodide flare processor and the flame igniter furnace wired or wireless connection embodiment is connected; IPC and the command and control rockets job control signal transceiver using a wired or wireless connection is connected; IPC and the command and control flak job control signal transceiver using a wired or wireless connection is connected; the IPC and said command and control muffle job control signal transceiver using a wired or wireless connection is connected.
3.如权利要求1或2所述的系统,其特征在于,所述气象环境数据采集器具体包括:激光云粒子探测器、湿度传感器、温度传感器和/或压力传感器。 System according to claim 12, characterized in that the meteorological environment data collector comprises: a laser cloud particle detector, humidity sensor, temperature sensor and / or a pressure sensor.
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CN104412879A (en) * 2013-09-10 2015-03-18 中国兵器科学研究院 Novel artificial influenced weather system designed by ordnance science institute of china
CN104464386A (en) * 2014-12-23 2015-03-25 北京市人工影响天气办公室 Artificial-influenced flying operation control system
CN104464383A (en) * 2014-12-23 2015-03-25 北京市人工影响天气办公室 Operation early warning method and device
CN104686264A (en) * 2015-02-12 2015-06-10 华中科技大学 Method and device for artificially falling rain and snow by sowing charges in air
CN104412879B (en) * 2013-12-17 2018-06-01 中国兵器科学研究院 Soldiers in the new system of weather

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104412879A (en) * 2013-09-10 2015-03-18 中国兵器科学研究院 Novel artificial influenced weather system designed by ordnance science institute of china
CN104412879B (en) * 2013-12-17 2018-06-01 中国兵器科学研究院 Soldiers in the new system of weather
CN104464386A (en) * 2014-12-23 2015-03-25 北京市人工影响天气办公室 Artificial-influenced flying operation control system
CN104464383A (en) * 2014-12-23 2015-03-25 北京市人工影响天气办公室 Operation early warning method and device
CN104686264A (en) * 2015-02-12 2015-06-10 华中科技大学 Method and device for artificially falling rain and snow by sowing charges in air
CN104686264B (en) * 2015-02-12 2017-01-18 华中科技大学 A method and apparatus for the charge air seeding of artificial precipitation

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