CN203816237U - Graphite evaporator for evaporation and concentration - Google Patents

Graphite evaporator for evaporation and concentration Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203816237U
CN203816237U CN201420125062.0U CN201420125062U CN203816237U CN 203816237 U CN203816237 U CN 203816237U CN 201420125062 U CN201420125062 U CN 201420125062U CN 203816237 U CN203816237 U CN 203816237U
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steam
graphite
housing
evaporation
evaporator
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CN201420125062.0U
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钱钧
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Jiangsu Tate United Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.
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CHANGZHOU TAITE ENVIRONMENTAL EQUIPMENT ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a graphite evaporator for evaporation and concentration, which belongs to the technical field of evaporators. The graphite evaporator for evaporation and concentration comprises a shell, a feed port, a discharge port, a steam inlet, a condensate outlet and a graphite block, wherein the feed port is formed in the lower end of the shell; the discharge port is formed in the upper end of the shell; the steam inlet is formed in the middle upper part of the shell; the condensate outlet is formed in the lower part of the shell; the graphite block is arranged in the shell; a circle of steam distributors are additionally installed on the shell in the position of the steam inlet; gaps among the shell, the steam distributors and the graphite block form steam channels, and the gaps among the steam channels in the positions of the steam distributors are greater than the gap between the shell and the graphite block; the height of each steam distributor is two to four times the diameter of the steam inlet. By using the graphite evaporator, the heat exchange efficiency of steam is improved, the impact of the steam on the graphite block is reduced, the service life of the graphite evaporator is prolonged, and the graphite evaporator is especially suitable for evaporation and concentration of pickling waste liquid.

Description

A kind of graphite evaporator for evaporation and concentration
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of evaporimeter, more particularly, relates to a kind of graphite evaporator for evaporation and concentration.
Background technology
In industries such as phosphorous chemical industry, titanium white, chemical fertilizer, fine chemistry industry, the disposal of three wastes, use in a large number evaporation equipment.Traditional graphite evaporator is due to the limitation (HG/T25093) of manufacturer's standard, cause the middle spacing of graphite heat exchange block and shell very little, steam enters and is into spurting by the heat tunnel of graphite heat exchange block, and the utilization rate of steam reduces and easily cause the explosion of graphite heat exchange block; Sealing between material channel and steam channel adopts rubber o-ring, and poor durability needs periodic replacement; Utilize the evaporimeter shell side of indirect steam because of needs are able to bear strong corrosion, high temperature resistant, resistance to negative pressure adopts liner enamel or liner graphite brick, because make, leftover problem is many, poor practicability needs often to change.
China Patent No. ZL201120166991.2, Granted publication day is on March 21st, 2012, utility model name is called: circular block pore type heater, and this application case relates to a kind of circular block pore type heater, comprises sectional casing and is placed in the cylindric graphite block of described enclosure interior; One section, the top of described housing is provided with liquid outlet, and described liquid outlet is located at certain altitude place, described graphite block top; One section of the bottom of described housing is provided with equipment for separating liquid from solid; Between each section of described housing, adopt teflon seal and be equiped with the compression spring for reinforcing described sealing in over top; On described graphite block, be drilled with two groups of not connected runners, and meet at right angles between described two groups of runners.The circular block pore type heater that technical solutions of the utility model provide, by being drilled with two groups of runners that do not communicate in order to flow through two kinds of different fluid in graphite block, increase the height of liquid outlet simultaneously, and be provided with equipment for separating liquid from solid in bottom, have that heat transfer efficiency is high, reliable and stable, shock resistance and the advantage such as maintenance is convenient, but its weak point is, the steam that the steam inlet of this application case ejects easily causes the explosion of graphite block, steam distributes poor in its shell side, has reduced the utilization rate of steam.
Summary of the invention
1. the technical problem that utility model will solve
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the easy explosion of graphite block of existing graphite evaporator, the deficiency that service life is short, steam utilization is low, a kind of graphite evaporator for evaporation and concentration is provided, adopt the technical solution of the utility model, improve the heat exchange efficiency of steam, reduce the impact of steam to graphite block, extend the service life of graphite evaporator, be particularly useful for the evaporation and concentration processing of pickle liquor.
2. technical scheme
For achieving the above object, the technical scheme that the utility model provides is:
A kind of graphite evaporator for evaporation and concentration of the present utility model, comprise housing, be located at the charging aperture of housing lower end, be located at the discharging opening of housing upper end, be located at the steam inlet of housing middle and upper part, be located at the condensate outlet and the graphite block of being located at enclosure interior of lower housing portion, on the housing at described steam inlet place, add a circle steam distributor, described housing, gap between steam distributor and graphite block forms steam channel, the steam channel gap at described steam distributor place is greater than the gap between housing and graphite block, the height of described steam distributor is 2~4 times of steam inlet diameter.
Further, on graphite block corresponding to described steam inlet, be provided with steam baffle, described steam baffle is fixedly installed on graphite block.
Further, described charging aperture, graphite block and discharging opening form material channel, adopt asbestos packing packing seal between described material channel and steam channel.
Further, also comprise top board, lower platen and pull bar, described discharging opening compresses by top board, described charging aperture compresses by lower platen, fastening by pull bar between described top board and lower platen, described top board is provided with compression spring, and described compression spring is sheathed on pull bar.
Further, be evenly fixed with 4 for the bearing of fixing graphite evaporator is installed on described housing, described bearing is positioned at the below of steam distributor.
Further, be also provided with the outlet of not condensing, pressure tap, condensate liquid import and the sewage draining exit that are connected with steam channel on described housing, the top of housing is located in described not condensing outlet, for discharging uncooled steam; Described pressure tap is located at the top of steam distributor, for measuring the steam pressure in steam channel; The top of condensate outlet is located in described condensate liquid import, for inputting the condensate liquid of higher level's evaporimeter; Described sewage draining exit is located at the below of steam channel, for the dirt in exhaust steam.
Further, in described steam channel, be interval with deflection plate, described deflection plate is semicircle annular.
Further, the material of described housing and steam distributor is the carbon steel of lining butyl rubber; The material of described steam baffle is polypropylene plastics.
3. beneficial effect
The technical scheme that adopts the utility model to provide, compared with existing known technology, has following beneficial effect:
(1) a kind of graphite evaporator for evaporation and concentration of the present utility model, on the housing at its steam inlet place, add a circle steam distributor, housing, gap between steam distributor and graphite block forms steam channel, the steam channel gap at steam distributor place is greater than the gap between housing and graphite block, the height of steam distributor is 2~4 times of steam inlet diameter, make steam evenly enter steam channel with minimum flow velocity, improve the heat exchange efficiency of steam, reduce the impulsive force of steam to graphite block, avoid graphite block explosion, extend the service life of graphite evaporator, be particularly useful for the evaporation and concentration processing of pickle liquor,
(2) a kind of graphite evaporator for evaporation and concentration of the present utility model, on graphite block corresponding to its steam inlet, be provided with steam baffle, steam baffle is fixedly installed on graphite block, the material of steam baffle is polypropylene plastics, protect further graphite block, avoided uperize to cause thermal shock to graphite block;
(3) a kind of graphite evaporator for evaporation and concentration of the present utility model, its charging aperture, graphite block and discharging opening form material channel, between material channel and steam channel, adopt asbestos packing packing seal, compared with existing RUBBER O RunddichtringO, more wear-resisting durable, long service life, has avoided the trouble regularly replacing;
(4) a kind of graphite evaporator for evaporation and concentration of the present utility model, its discharging opening compresses by top board, charging aperture compresses by lower platen, fastening by pull bar between top board and lower platen, top board is provided with compression spring, and compression spring is sheathed on pull bar, adopts said structure, be convenient to the dismounting of graphite evaporator, facilitated the replacing of graphite block and cleaning and the maintenance of evaporimeter inside;
(5) a kind of graphite evaporator for evaporation and concentration of the present utility model, in its steam channel, be interval with deflection plate, deflection plate is semicircle annular, and steam channel is divided into waveform passage, extend the time of steam in steam channel, improved heat exchange efficiency;
(6) a kind of graphite evaporator for evaporation and concentration of the present utility model, the material of its housing and steam distributor is the carbon steel of lining butyl rubber, has improved the heat resisting and pressure resisting performance of housing and steam distributor.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the sectional structure schematic diagram of a kind of graphite evaporator for evaporation and concentration of the present utility model.
Label declaration in schematic diagram:
1, discharging opening; 2, compression spring; 3, pull bar; 4, housing; 5, steam baffle; 6, steam inlet; 7, bearing; 8, sewage draining exit; 9, charging aperture; 10, lower platen; 11, condensate outlet; 12, condensate liquid import; 13, graphite block; 14, steam distributor; 15, pressure tap; 16, not condensing outlet; 17, top board.
Detailed description of the invention
For further understanding content of the present utility model, in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments the utility model is described in detail.
Embodiment 1
In conjunction with Fig. 1, a kind of graphite evaporator for evaporation and concentration of the present embodiment, comprise housing 4, be located at the charging aperture 9 of housing 4 lower ends, be located at the discharging opening 1 of housing 4 upper ends, be located at the steam inlet 6 of housing 4 middle and upper parts, be located at the condensate outlet 11 and the graphite block 13 of being located at housing 4 inside of housing 4 bottoms, on the housing 4 at steam inlet 6 places, add a circle steam distributor 14, housing 4, gap between steam distributor 14 and graphite block 13 forms steam channel, the steam channel gap at steam distributor 14 places is greater than the gap between housing 4 and graphite block 13, the height of steam distributor 14 is 2 times of steam inlet 6 diameters, and the traditional graphite evaporator of Gap-Ratios between housing 4 and graphite block 13 is twice, make steam evenly enter steam channel with minimum flow velocity, improve the heat exchange efficiency of steam, reduce the impulsive force of steam to graphite block 13, graphite block 13 explosions are avoided, extend the service life of graphite evaporator, be particularly useful for the evaporation and concentration processing of pickle liquor.Charging aperture 9, graphite block 13 and discharging opening 1 form material channel, adopt asbestos packing packing seal between material channel and steam channel, compared with existing RUBBER O RunddichtringO, more wear-resisting durable, and long service life has been avoided the trouble regularly replacing.Housing 4 in the present embodiment and the material of steam distributor 14 are the carbon steel of lining butyl rubber, its medium carbon steel is Q235, improved the heat resisting and pressure resisting performance of housing 4 and steam distributor 14, operating temperature can reach-20 DEG C~120 DEG C, can reach-0.05MPa~0.1MPa of operating pressure.
In order to have protected further graphite block 13; avoid uperize to cause thermal shock to graphite block 13; in the present embodiment, on the graphite block 13 of steam inlet 6 correspondences, be provided with steam baffle 5; the size of steam baffle 5 is slightly larger than the bore of steam inlet 6; steam baffle 5 is fixedly installed on graphite block 13; the material of steam baffle 5 is polypropylene plastics, and heat resistance and shock resistance are strong.In order to have extended the time of steam in steam channel, improve heat exchange efficiency, in steam channel, be interval with deflection plate, deflection plate is semicircle annular, steam channel is divided into waveform passage, effectively extend the length of steam channel, in the situation that not changing graphite evaporator height, improved effective shell side of graphite evaporator.It should be noted that, the concrete structure of the graphite block 13 in the utility model, at China Patent No. ZL201220291634.3, Granted publication day is on February 13rd, 2013, patent name is: circular block pore type heat exchanger is disclosed with having had in the innovation and creation of graphite block, just repeats no more at this.
A kind of graphite evaporator for evaporation and concentration of the present embodiment, also comprise top board 17, lower platen 10 and pull bar 3, discharging opening 1 compresses by top board 17, charging aperture 9 compresses by lower platen 10, and fastening by pull bar 3 between top board 17 and lower platen 10, top board 17 is provided with compression spring 2, compression spring 2 is sheathed on pull bar 3, adopt said structure, be convenient to the dismounting of graphite evaporator, facilitated the replacing of graphite block 13 and cleaning and the maintenance of evaporimeter inside.On housing 4, be evenly fixed with 4 for the bearing 7 of fixing graphite evaporator is installed, bearing 7 is positioned at the below of steam distributor 14.On housing 4, be also provided with the not condensing outlet 16, pressure tap 15, condensate liquid import 12 and the sewage draining exit 8 that are connected with steam channel, the top of housing 4 is not located in condensing outlet 16, for discharging uncooled steam; Pressure tap 15 is located at the top of steam distributor 14, for measuring the steam pressure in steam channel; The top of condensate outlet 11 is located in condensate liquid import 12, for inputting the condensate liquid of higher level's evaporimeter; Sewage draining exit 8 is located at the below of steam channel, for the dirt in exhaust steam.
Embodiment 2
The basic structure of a kind of graphite evaporator for evaporation and concentration of the present embodiment is with embodiment 1, difference is: the height of the steam distributor 14 in the present embodiment is 3 times of steam inlet 6 diameters, be particularly suitable for alto evaporimeter, distribution of steam is even.
Embodiment 3
The basic structure of a kind of graphite evaporator for evaporation and concentration of the present embodiment is with embodiment 1, difference is: the height of the steam distributor 14 in the present embodiment is 4 times of steam inlet 6 diameters, be particularly suitable for the larger evaporimeter in gap between highly higher and steam distributor 14 and graphite block 13, distribution of steam is even, flow velocity is slow, good effect of heat exchange.
A kind of graphite evaporator for evaporation and concentration of the present utility model, in the time of lifting, transport and use, should be strictly on guard against vibrations and clash into, in order to avoid damage graphite product, and should at right angle setting and use.The utility model has improved the heat exchange efficiency of steam, has reduced the impact of steam to graphite block, has extended the service life of graphite evaporator, is particularly useful for the evaporation and concentration processing of pickle liquor.
Below schematically the utility model and embodiment thereof are described, this description does not have restricted, and shown in accompanying drawing is also one of embodiment of the present utility model, and actual structure is not limited to this.So, if those of ordinary skill in the art is enlightened by it, in the situation that not departing from the utility model creation aim, without the creationary frame mode similar to this technical scheme and the embodiment of designing, all should belong to protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (8)

1. the graphite evaporator for evaporation and concentration, comprise housing (4), be located at the charging aperture (9) of housing (4) lower end, be located at the discharging opening (1) of housing (4) upper end, be located at the steam inlet (6) of housing (4) middle and upper part, be located at the condensate outlet (11) of housing (4) bottom and be located at the inner graphite block (13) of housing (4), it is characterized in that: on the housing (4) that described steam inlet (6) is located, add a circle steam distributor (14), described housing (4), gap between steam distributor (14) and graphite block (13) forms steam channel, the steam channel gap that described steam distributor (14) is located is greater than the gap between housing (4) and graphite block (13), the height of described steam distributor (14) is 2~4 times of steam inlet (6) diameter.
2. a kind of graphite evaporator for evaporation and concentration according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: on the graphite block (13) of described steam inlet (6) correspondence, be provided with steam baffle (5), described steam baffle (5) is fixedly installed on graphite block (13).
3. a kind of graphite evaporator for evaporation and concentration according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described charging aperture (9), graphite block (13) and discharging opening (1) form material channel, adopt asbestos packing packing seal between described material channel and steam channel.
4. a kind of graphite evaporator for evaporation and concentration according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: also comprise top board (17), lower platen (10) and pull bar (3), described discharging opening (1) compresses by top board (17), described charging aperture (9) compresses by lower platen (10), fastening by pull bar (3) between described top board (17) and lower platen (10), described top board (17) is provided with compression spring (2), and described compression spring (2) is sheathed on pull bar (3).
5. a kind of graphite evaporator for evaporation and concentration according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: on described housing (4), be evenly fixed with 4 for the bearing (7) of fixing graphite evaporator is installed, described bearing (7) is positioned at the below of steam distributor (14).
6. a kind of graphite evaporator for evaporation and concentration according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: on described housing (4), be also provided with the outlet of not condensing (16), pressure tap (15), condensate liquid import (12) and the sewage draining exit (8) that are connected with steam channel, the top of housing (4) is located in described not condensing outlet (16), for discharging uncooled steam; Described pressure tap (15) is located at the top of steam distributor (14), for measuring the steam pressure in steam channel; The top of condensate outlet (11) is located in described condensate liquid import (12), for inputting the condensate liquid of higher level's evaporimeter; Described sewage draining exit (8) is located at the below of steam channel, for the dirt in exhaust steam.
7. a kind of graphite evaporator for evaporation and concentration according to claim 6, is characterized in that: in described steam channel, be interval with deflection plate, described deflection plate is semicircle annular.
8. a kind of graphite evaporator for evaporation and concentration according to claim 7, is characterized in that: described housing (4) and the material of steam distributor (14) are the carbon steel of lining butyl rubber; The material of described steam baffle (5) is polypropylene plastics.
CN201420125062.0U 2014-03-19 2014-03-19 Graphite evaporator for evaporation and concentration Active CN203816237U (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104759106A (en) * 2015-04-15 2015-07-08 南通晨光石墨设备有限公司 High-pressure-resistant round block graphite evaporator
CN105183051A (en) * 2015-09-28 2015-12-23 夏烬楚 Automatic graphite evaporator control system and method
CN105204425A (en) * 2015-09-28 2015-12-30 夏烬楚 Method for automatically controlling graphite evaporator
CN105396304A (en) * 2015-09-28 2016-03-16 夏烬楚 Graphite evaporator and automatic control system thereof
CN105396303A (en) * 2015-09-28 2016-03-16 夏烬楚 Graphite evaporator for concentration by evaporation and automatic control system thereof
CN114570046A (en) * 2022-05-07 2022-06-03 南通晨光石墨设备有限公司 Anti-scouring graphite evaporator

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104759106A (en) * 2015-04-15 2015-07-08 南通晨光石墨设备有限公司 High-pressure-resistant round block graphite evaporator
CN105183051A (en) * 2015-09-28 2015-12-23 夏烬楚 Automatic graphite evaporator control system and method
CN105204425A (en) * 2015-09-28 2015-12-30 夏烬楚 Method for automatically controlling graphite evaporator
CN105396304A (en) * 2015-09-28 2016-03-16 夏烬楚 Graphite evaporator and automatic control system thereof
CN105396303A (en) * 2015-09-28 2016-03-16 夏烬楚 Graphite evaporator for concentration by evaporation and automatic control system thereof
CN105183051B (en) * 2015-09-28 2017-12-12 江苏锡沂高新区科技发展有限公司 The automatic control system and method for a kind of graphite evaporator
CN105396304B (en) * 2015-09-28 2017-12-12 江苏锡沂高新区科技发展有限公司 A kind of graphite evaporator and its automatic control system
CN105396303B (en) * 2015-09-28 2017-12-12 南安泉鸿孵化器管理有限公司 A kind of graphite evaporator for being used to be concentrated by evaporation and its automatic control system
CN114570046A (en) * 2022-05-07 2022-06-03 南通晨光石墨设备有限公司 Anti-scouring graphite evaporator

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20170922

Address after: Zhenjiang City, Jiangsu province 212415 Xianlin Baohua town of Jurong City Road No. 16 building 0212 double

Patentee after: Jiangsu Tate United Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 617, room 8, building 8, No. 213000 broadcasting East Road, Wujin hi tech Industrial Development Zone, Changzhou, Jiangsu

Patentee before: Changzhou Taite Environmental Equipment Engineering Co., Ltd.

TR01 Transfer of patent right