CN203814303U - Artificially-built water forest - Google Patents

Artificially-built water forest Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203814303U
CN203814303U CN201420250386.7U CN201420250386U CN203814303U CN 203814303 U CN203814303 U CN 203814303U CN 201420250386 U CN201420250386 U CN 201420250386U CN 203814303 U CN203814303 U CN 203814303U
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water
forest
pond
waterborne
artificial
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CN201420250386.7U
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Chinese (zh)
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吴弋
刘小钊
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JIANGSU INSTITUTE OF URBAN PLANNING AND DESIGN
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JIANGSU INSTITUTE OF URBAN PLANNING AND DESIGN
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an artificially-built water forest. The artificially-built water forest comprises a water forest pond capable of preventing seepage, a planting soil layer with the thickness ranging from 50 cm to 100 cm, a ponding layer with the water depth ranging from 20 cm to 40 cm, and an artificial forest community. Water level scale marks and a water level warning line are arranged on the wall of the water forest pond. The artificial forest community is a plurality of water-proof and moisture-proof terrestrial tall plants arranged in a matrix mode, wherein the diameter at the breast height of the plants ranges from 5 cm to 8 cm. A drainage system is further arranged inside the planting soil layer. After the structure is adopted, the ponding layer is directly connected and communicated with the planting soil layer, and water is purified. Due to the arrangement of the water forest pond capable of preventing seepage, the water level scale marks and the drainage system, control over the water level is facilitated, the requirement for water flooding or periodical water flooding can be met, and the requirements for forming knee-shaped aerating roots and expanding the water flooding portion of the base portions of the plants are met. Due to the selection of the water-proof and moisture-proof terrestrial tall plants, the forest forming time is shortened, and the artificial forest community with single dominant species and the simple vertical structure can be formed.

Description

A kind of forest waterborne of artificial construction
Technical field
The utility model relates to the forest waterborne of a kind of forest waterborne, particularly a kind of artificial construction.
Background technology
The utility model belongs to wetland ecology, Landscape Architecture and forestry interleaving techniques field, is the forest a kind of waterborne of building by Landscape gimmick on Marsh Wetland specifically.
At present in nature, in some water body littoral zone or low laying areas, the water-fast wet tall and big terrestrial plants such as metasequoia, Chi Shan and Taxodium mucronatum can progressively adapt to waterflooding or the ecotope of waterflooding periodically, have formed the characteristic structures such as the respiratory roots such as knee shape, the waterflooding of plant base portion partly expand.But, at occurring in nature, the formation of this " forest waterborne " view need to meet waterflooding or periodically waterflooding, forms knee shape respiratory root, the waterflooding of plant base portion is partly expanded and can water-fast wet tall and big plant etc. essential condition, need 10 years above or longer times.Therefore this specific view, becomes the landscape resource that the modern life is rare.
At present, the many cities of China, newly-built settlement and unit are when Green Space Construction, adopt mixed planting bed or the container made of marble or brick, after filling up planting soil, plantation is set greatly, matrix or alternate manner are arranged in tree battle array, the outer water flowing of planting bed or container, or planting bed is placed on to similarly artificial woodland scenery waterborne of the medium formation of the water surface.Yet this forest waterborne, exists following not enough:
1. owing to not linking up between the planting soil in water and planting bed, still be difficult to meet waterflooding or periodically waterflooding, form knee shape respiratory root, the waterflooding of plant base portion is partly expanded and can the water-fast wet essential conditions such as tall and big plant, become the scape time long, generally all need more than 10 years.
2. owing to not linking up between the planting soil in water and planting bed, forest waterborne to surface water etc. without purification function.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is for above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, and provides a kind of water and planting soil to communicate with each other, can fast rapid-result scape, have a forest waterborne of better water quality purification function and the manageable artificial construction of water level.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
A forest waterborne for artificial construction, comprises at the bottom of pool wall and pond all forest waterborne pond that can antiseepage and is filled in the planting soil layer in forest waterborne pond, is provided with ponding layer and artificial forest community on this planting soil layer; Described forest waterborne pond is the pond shape heatable adobe sleeping platform being arranged under earth's surface, is provided with level scale line and water level alarm line on the pool wall in forest waterborne pond; Described artificial forest community is that some the diameters of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground are 5-8cm and are the tall and big plant of water-fast wet Lu Sheng that matrix is arranged; The thickness of described planting soil layer is 50-100cm, and the depth of water of described ponding layer is 20-40cm; In described planting soil layer, be also provided with drainage system; The described periphery that is positioned at every tall and big plant of water-fast wet Lu Sheng of forest waterborne pond central authorities is provided with cofferdam earth embankment.
The tall and big plant of described water-fast wet Lu Sheng is a kind or 2 kinds in metasequoia, pond China fir or Taxodium mucronatum.
At the bottom of the pool wall in described forest waterborne pond and pond, be provided with antiseepage film.
Described drainage system is several different depths interconnective groove, and several grooves are connected can form french drain-Zhigou-hondo system.
Described cofferdam earth embankment is not less than 1m with the spacing between the corresponding tall and big plant of water-fast wet Lu Sheng.
The utility model adopts after said structure, above-mentioned ponding layer is directly connected with planting soil layer, communicate with each other, the pool wall in forest waterborne pond and the antiseepage at the bottom of pond, the setting of level scale line and water level alarm line and drainage system can be convenient to the water level control of whole forest waterborne, can meet waterflooding or periodically waterflooding requirement, be beneficial to and form knee shape respiratory root and the waterflooding of plant base portion and partly expand requirement.In addition, the selection of the tall and big plant of above-mentioned water-fast wet Lu Sheng, makes into the scape time short, can form single dominant species, the simple artificial forest community of vertical stratification.Further, ponding layer is directly connected with planting soil layer, and artificial forest makes to flow into the surface water in artificial forest pond or the water quality of irrigation water can access good purification.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the forest waterborne of a kind of artificial construction of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is that the utility model arranges the structural representation after the earth embankment of cofferdam.
Wherein have: 1. forest waterborne pond; 2. planting soil layer; 3. ponding layer; 4. artificial forest community; 5. the tall and big plant of water-fast wet Lu Sheng; 6. groove; 7. cofferdam earth embankment; 8. spacing; 9. antiseepage film; 10. level scale line; 11. water level alarm lines.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and concrete better embodiment, the utility model is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of forest waterborne of artificial construction, comprises forest waterborne pond 1 and is filled in the planting soil layer 2 in forest waterborne pond 1, is provided with ponding layer 3 and artificial forest community 4 on this planting soil layer 2.
Forest waterborne pond 1, for to be arranged at the pond shape heatable adobe sleeping platform under earth's surface, can not be subject to the restriction of (as being wetland etc.) of conventional Eco Environmental Factors in nature, people, needs the place of forest waterborne all can manually build up.At the bottom of the pool wall in forest waterborne pond 1 and pond, all carry out compacting and antiseepage and processed, as be pasted with antiseepage film 9 etc.Like this, forest waterborne pond 1 can not leak and leak fertilizer, is convenient to the control of water level and the reservation of planting soil layer 2 interior fertilizer of follow-up ponding layer 2.
Artificial forest community 4 is that some the diameters of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground are 5-8cm and are the tall and big plant 5 of water-fast wet Lu Sheng that matrix is arranged, and this is water-fast, and the tall and big plant 5 of wet Lu Sheng is preferably a kind or 2 kinds in metasequoia, pond China fir or Taxodium mucronatum.Can form so single dominant species, the simple artificial forest community of vertical stratification.In addition, the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground of the tall and big plant 5 of water-fast wet Lu Sheng is selected 5-8cm, and in also selecting, the nursery stock of equal-specification, makes the one-tenth scape time of artificial forest short, and general 4-7 or shorter time, can form needed artificial woodland scenery.
The thickness of above-mentioned planting soil layer 2 is 50-100cm, like this, can guarantee the needed nutrient of tall and big plant 5 growth of water-fast wet Lu Sheng, can form knee shape respiratory root.The material mixture ratios such as medium sand, organic media and ecological organic fertilizer that planting soil layer 2 is mainly greater than 2cm by paddy soil, mountain mud, diameter form, volume ratio is respectively paddy soil 30-40 part, mountain mud 10-15 part, medium sand 12-18 part, organic media 5-10 part, makes the pH value of planting soil layer 2 remain on 7.0-7.9, EC value at 0.6-1.5 ms/cm, organic matter>=20 g/kg, effective planting medium soil layer>=50 cm, unit weight≤1.50 mg/cm 3.
The optimum depth of above-mentioned ponding layer 3 remains on 20-40cm, and peak level (being also warning line) is no more than 100cm.Ponding layer 3 can be linked up by the nutrient directly and in planting soil layer 2 surface water or irrigation water etc., further promotes the formation of knee shape respiratory root and the requirement that the waterflooding of plant base portion is partly expanded.Water in ponding layer 3, can be by adopting artificial or natural mode to carry out waterflooding, Seasonal flooding or periodically waterflooding.On the pool wall in forest waterborne pond 1, be provided with level scale line 10 and water level alarm line 11, like this, being convenient to forest user of service waterborne or administrative staff can regularly control the water level of forest waterborne, when surpassing the highest warning line 11, can, by drainings such as follow-up drainage system or water pumpers, make this water level remain on optimum level of water value as far as possible.On the one hand, can guarantee that the tall and big plant 5 of water-fast wet Lu Sheng is unlikely to be subject to waterlogging; On the other hand, can make the water quality in ponding layer 2 effectively be purified.
In above-mentioned planting soil layer 2, be also provided with drainage system, this drainage system is preferably several different depths interconnective groove 6, and several grooves 6 are connected and can form french drain-Zhigou-hondo system, are convenient to artificial water flowing or draining.
As shown in Figure 2, the above-mentioned periphery that is positioned at every tall and big plant 5 of water-fast wet Lu Sheng of forest waterborne pond 1 central authorities is provided with cofferdam earth embankment 7, and cofferdam earth embankment 7 is not less than 1m with the spacing 8 of 5 of the corresponding tall and big plants of water-fast wet Lu Sheng.5 kinds of tall and big plants of water-fast wet Lu Sheng need first drain the water in ponding layer 2 before planting.Be arranged in the moisture draining completely of the ponding layer 2 of forest waterborne pond 1 central authorities, belong to low-lying land, therefore need cofferdam earth embankment 7 be set in the periphery that is positioned at every tall and big plant 5 of water-fast wet Lu Sheng of forest waterborne pond 1 central authorities.After plantation, generally, after one or two season of growth, cofferdam earth embankment 7 can be removed, pour water and flood.
Through test, water quality in forest waterborne pond 1 in the utility model can meet the surface water (GB3838-2002) IV class standard the whole year substantially, significantly better than the water quality in farmland, peripheral region and fish pond, show slight and moderate eutrophication water are had to better catharsis, see the following form.

Claims (5)

1. the forest waterborne of an artificial construction, it is characterized in that: comprise at the bottom of pool wall and pond all forest waterborne pond (1) that can antiseepage and be filled in the planting soil layer (2) in forest waterborne pond (1), on this planting soil layer (2), being provided with ponding layer (3) and artificial forest community (4); Described forest waterborne pond (1), for to be arranged at the pond shape heatable adobe sleeping platform under earth's surface, is provided with level scale line (10) and water level alarm line (11) on the pool wall in forest waterborne pond (1); Described artificial forest community (4) is that some the diameters of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground are 5-8cm and are the tall and big plant of water-fast wet Lu Sheng (5) that matrix is arranged; The thickness of described planting soil layer (2) is 50-100cm, and the depth of water of described ponding layer (3) is 20-40cm; In described planting soil layer (2), be also provided with drainage system; The described periphery that is positioned at every tall and big plant of water-fast wet Lu Sheng (5) of forest waterborne pond (1) central authorities is provided with cofferdam earth embankment (7).
2. the forest waterborne of artificial construction according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the tall and big plant of described water-fast wet Lu Sheng (5) is a kind or 2 kinds in metasequoia, pond China fir or Taxodium mucronatum.
3. the forest waterborne of artificial construction according to claim 1, is characterized in that: at the bottom of the pool wall in described forest waterborne pond (1) and pond, be provided with antiseepage film (9).
4. the forest waterborne of artificial construction according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described drainage system is several different depths interconnective groove (6), and several grooves (6) are connected can form french drain-Zhigou-hondo system.
5. the forest waterborne of artificial construction according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described cofferdam earth embankment (7) is not less than 1m with the spacing (8) between the corresponding tall and big plant of water-fast wet Lu Sheng (5).
CN201420250386.7U 2014-05-16 2014-05-16 Artificially-built water forest Active CN203814303U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104303946A (en) * 2014-11-02 2015-01-28 昆明市东川区林业技术推广站 Funnel bottom fish-scale pit soil preparation technology
CN104828949A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-08-12 中国林业科学研究院亚热带林业研究所 Method for ecological recovery by establishing artificial wetland
CN104303946B (en) * 2014-11-02 2017-01-04 昆明市东川区林业技术推广站 Hopper base fish-scale pit entire technique
CN107232003A (en) * 2017-06-02 2017-10-10 上海市园林工程有限公司 The construction method of planting in water-fast wet arbor water

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104303946A (en) * 2014-11-02 2015-01-28 昆明市东川区林业技术推广站 Funnel bottom fish-scale pit soil preparation technology
CN104303946B (en) * 2014-11-02 2017-01-04 昆明市东川区林业技术推广站 Hopper base fish-scale pit entire technique
CN104828949A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-08-12 中国林业科学研究院亚热带林业研究所 Method for ecological recovery by establishing artificial wetland
CN104828949B (en) * 2015-04-29 2017-03-08 中国林业科学研究院亚热带林业研究所 A kind of method for setting up lakeside artificial swamp recovery ecology
CN107232003A (en) * 2017-06-02 2017-10-10 上海市园林工程有限公司 The construction method of planting in water-fast wet arbor water
CN107232003B (en) * 2017-06-02 2020-10-30 上海市园林工程有限公司 Construction method for planting water-resistant arbor in water

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