CN203806129U - Thermal expansion regulation and control flight device - Google Patents

Thermal expansion regulation and control flight device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203806129U
CN203806129U CN201320727391.8U CN201320727391U CN203806129U CN 203806129 U CN203806129 U CN 203806129U CN 201320727391 U CN201320727391 U CN 201320727391U CN 203806129 U CN203806129 U CN 203806129U
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China
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described
characterized
according
heat expansion
control flight
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CN201320727391.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李兴文
孙倩倩
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上海科斗电子科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201310032809.8 priority
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Priority to CN201320727391.8U priority patent/CN203806129U/en
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Publication of CN203806129U publication Critical patent/CN203806129U/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to the field of hydromechanics, in particular to the field of flight device. A thermal expansion regulation and control flight device comprises at least one gasbag, wherein the gasbag is filled with light gas with the density less than that of air and is taken as a main gasbag. The device also comprises a thermal energy regulation and control system; the thermal energy regulation and control system also comprises a temperature regulation module which comprises a heating device; the heating device is capable of heating by virtue of electric energy; the thermal energy regulation and control system also comprises a gasbag which is taken as an auxiliary gasbag; a heating element of the heating device is located on the auxiliary gasbag; the main gasbag is connected with the auxiliary gasbag. When the buoyancy needs to be improved, the size of a substance in the auxiliary gasbag is improved by virtue of the temperature of the substrate, the size of the auxiliary gasbag is increased, the size of the whole thermal expansion regulation and control flight device is increased, the buoyancy is improved, and the climbing power is obtained.

Description

Heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments

Technical field

The utility model relates to fluid mechanics field, is specifically related to flight equipment field.

Background technology

Dirigible is a kind of lighter-than-air craft, and the difference of it and balloon maximum is to have the device that advances and control state of flight.Dirigible by huge stream line pattern hull, be positioned at gondola below hull, the tail surface and the propelling unit that play stable control action form.In the air bag of hull, fill with the little buoyance lift gas of density ratio air (hydrogen or helium) and make dirigible lift-off so as to producing buoyancy.Gondola is taken and lade for personnel.Tail surface be used for controlling and go as course, pitching stable.

Generally, from structure, dirigible can be divided into three types: rigid airship, blimp and blimp.Rigid airship is by its inner skeleton (metal or timber etc. are made), to be kept the dirigible of shape and rigidity, and appearance is covered with covering, and skeleton inside is equipped with and is manyly provided the gassiness independent air bags of lift for dirigible.It is mainly by the gaseous tension in air bag that blimp will keep its shape, and part also will rely on rigid backbone in addition.

There is a ballonet a lot of dirigibles the inside, has a gas valve above ballonet.External capsule fills hydrogen, makes balloon produce buoyancy and is raised in the air, and capsula interna is used for filling air.This ballonet is just " air compartment ".

Balloon, before lift-off, is first charged into air by " air compartment ".When balloon is raised to after certain altitude, just " air compartment " opened, emit portion of air.Like this, after external capsule expands, " air compartment " just dwindles because being squeezed, and the pressure that external capsule expands is reduced to some extent, to guarantee that air bag is unlikely, bursts.This utility model, has solved a great problem of balloon lift-off, is the another important breakthrough in Airship Development history.After this, " air compartment " just used very soon on all dirigibles, and uses so far always.

It is exactly to balloonet the gas compression of main gasbag that the balloonet of past dirigible rushes air, the total volume of dirigible is reduced, from face, reduce the volume that dirigible arranges air, reduced dirigible and be subject to the buoyancy that air makes progress, the gravity of dirigible is greater than buoyancy, at this time will sink.

On the contrary, dirigible arranges the pressure gas of balloonet into main gasbag, and the cumulative volume that just makes airship arrange air becomes large, and buoyancy is greater than gravity, and dirigible will rise.

Existing dirigible structure is still too complicated, cost still higher, control still convenient not.

Utility model content

The purpose of this utility model is, provides a kind of heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments, to address the above problem.

The technical matters that the utility model solves can realize by the following technical solutions:

Heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments, comprises at least one air bag, is filled with the light gas that density is less than air in described air bag, usings this air bag as main gasbag, it is characterized in that,

Also comprise a heat energy regulator control system;

Described heat energy regulator control system also comprises a temperature adjusting module, and described temperature adjusting module comprises a heating arrangement, and described heating arrangement is a heating arrangement heating by electric energy;

Described heat energy regulator control system also comprises an air bag, usings this air bag as balloonet, and the heater element of described heating arrangement is positioned on described balloonet, and described main gasbag is connected with described balloonet.

The heater element of described heating arrangement is that the material in described balloonet heats.Described heater element can be positioned on described balloonet or balloonet, so that heat transmission.

The air bag that main gasbag preferably seals, at least one in hydrogen, helium can be filled in inside.Or inflatable body proportion is planted other gases lower than the single of air, or miscellaneous gas.

The flexible air-bag that balloonet also preferably seals.Described main gasbag connects described heat energy regulator control system.

When needs improve buoyancy, by the temperature of material in described balloonet, its volume is increased, and then the volume of balloonet is increased, then and then the volume of whole heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments is increased, thereby improve buoyancy, obtain raising force.

Described main gasbag can be at least one in superman, angel, angle, fairy maiden, dragon, bird, winged insect, aircraft, the sun or moon moulding.

The gas being filled with in described balloonet, is preferably the gas that mol wt is not more than helium twice.So that under the lower prerequisite of consumed energy, obtain larger volume and change.

Described balloonet below be also provided with one with the container of described balloonet inner chamber UNICOM.Described heater element is positioned at described container.Also can be positioned on the wall of container of described container.

In described container, liquid substance is housed, described liquid substance, under the heating of described heater element, produces steam, and then increases the volume of described balloonet.Thereby increase buoyancy.Described liquid can adopt the boiling points such as water, propylene dichloride, parabolic hydrocarbon, alkene, alcohol, aldehyde, amine, ester, ether, ketone, aromatic hydrocarbon, hydrogenate hydrocarbon, terpene hydrocarbon, halogenated hydrocarbons lower, the liquid that is easy to evaporation, concrete composition can also be water, alcohol, formaldehyde, gasoline.

Preferably boiling point is less than or equal to the liquid of alcohol boiling point.So that under the lower prerequisite of consumed energy, obtain a large amount of steam.

The heating-up temperature of described heater element is lower than the firing point of described liquid substance.To avoid producing fire hazard.

Described liquid substance can also be that carbon acid solution, alcoholic solution, formalin etc. are dissolved with at least one in the mixed solution of volatile substances.

In described container, solid matter is housed, described solid matter, under the heating of described heater element, produces steam, and then increases the volume of described balloonet.Thereby increase buoyancy.

Described solid matter can be at least one in iodine, naphthalene or camphor.Or adopt other to be easy to the solid matter of distillation.So that under the lower prerequisite of consumed energy, obtain a large amount of steam.

Described container is positioned at described balloonet below, the edge of opening of described container and the laminating of the airbag wall of described balloonet.So that become liquid or solid-state material after cooling, in the described container that again falls back, in order to heating next time, use.

Described balloonet can be positioned at described main gasbag, also can be arranged on outside described main gasbag.

Also can directly the heater element of described heating arrangement be arranged in described main gasbag, make one described in air bag simultaneously as described main gasbag and described balloonet, be about to main gasbag and balloonet and combine.So that simplified structure.

Described balloonet top is provided with a lifting rope, and described lifting rope hangs described heater element, makes described heater element be positioned at described balloonet middle part.

Described balloonet below is also provided with static line, and described static line upper end connects described heater element.By described lifting rope and described static line, described heater element is fixed on to described balloonet middle part.To avoid when generation is rocked, heater element is excessively shifted, and even damages balloonet wall.

Or described heater element is attached to the airbag wall outside of described balloonet.By described airbag wall is delivered to described balloonet inner side by heat.

Described heater element can be resistance heating element, quartzy heat element, electronic refrigerating sheet or other heat elements.

Described balloonet adopts double-layer air bag wall construction, comprises inner bladder wall and balloon outer wall, between described inner bladder wall and described balloon outer wall, is provided with space, in described space, is filled with gas.To realize the insulation effect to described internal layer gas.

In space between described inner bladder wall and described balloon outer wall, be distributed with grid chamber, to guarantee heat insulation effect.

The inner side of described inner bladder wall is silver color.To reflect inner infrared ray, reduce heat radiation loss.

The airbag wall of described main gasbag is provided with an air pressure relief valve, and when the air pressure in described main gasbag is greater than a setting value, described air pressure relief valve is opened, and Exhaust Gas, to avoid the main gasbag that rises brokenly.

Described temperature adjusting module also comprises a cooling system.Described cooling system comprises a cooling module, and described cooling module connects described balloonet.Can be that cooling module is positioned on described balloonet wall.Can be inner side or the outside of balloonet wall.

Or described temperature adjusting module also comprises a cooling system, described cooling system comprises a cooling module, and described cooling module adopts electronic refrigerating sheet.Described electronic refrigerating sheet is attached on described balloonet wall.A heat exchange of described electronic refrigerating sheet is in described balloonet, and another heat exchange is outside described balloonet.

Make the heat in balloonet under the effect of described cooling system, be dispersed into the external world, to reduce temperature, and then described balloonet volume is reduced, and then reduce buoyancy, control heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments deceleration floating, stop floating or decline.

Described cooling system can also comprise a gas cycle cooling system, and described gas cycle cooling system comprises a heat sink and a heat abstractor, and a wind circulation power system of impelling Air Flow; Described heat sink is positioned at described balloonet, and described heat abstractor is positioned at outside described balloonet; Described heat sink connects described wind circulation power system, and described wind circulation power system connects described heat abstractor.

Described heat sink can be a gas pipe line, and described heat abstractor can be also a gas pipe line; Described heat sink, wind circulation power system and described heat abstractor form a closed circuit circulatory system.

Can also be, described heat sink adopts a gas pipe line, and described heat abstractor adopts an air inerchange structure, comprises an air outlet, and an air suctiton inlet.By described air suctiton inlet from extraneous air amount, then under the effect of described wind circulation power system, the described heat sink of flowing through absorbs heat, and then the air absorbing after heat is discharged to the external world by described air outlet, thereby takes away the heat in described balloonet.

Described temperature adjusting module comprises a heat pump.

Described cooling system adopts heat pump.

Described heating arrangement also can adopt a heat pump.Described cooling system and described heating arrangement can combine, and use a set of heat pump.

Described heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments also comprises an intelligent control system, and described intelligent control system connects the control signal end of described temperature adjusting module;

Described intelligent control system is provided with a height feedback system, and described height feedback system comprises an alignment sensor system, and a signal handling equipment;

Described positioning sensor system passes to described signal handling equipment by the flying height information measuring, described signal handling equipment judges that whether flying height is higher or lower than setting value, described signal handling equipment is according to judged result to described temperature adjusting module transmitted signal, and described temperature adjusting module is controlled described heating arrangement or cooling system work after receiving signal.

In described flying height, during lower than described setting value, described signal handling equipment is given described temperature adjusting module transmitted signal, and described temperature adjusting module, by the described heater element of described heating arrangement, heats the material in balloonet.Thereby increase buoyancy.

In described flying height, during higher than described setting value, described signal handling equipment is given described temperature adjusting module transmitted signal, and described temperature adjusting module, by the described cooling module of described cooling system, is lowered the temperature to the material in balloonet.Thereby reduce buoyancy.

Described height feedback system can adopt at least one in infrared altitude location system, ultrasonic height position fixing system, GPS navigation system, triones navigation system, reflection of electromagnetic wave position fixing system or laser elevation position fixing system.Or other position fixing systems.

By described height feedback system, rising or the descending speed of described heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments are measured, and send velocity information to described signal handling equipment, rising or descending speed during higher than a setting value, described signal handling equipment is given described temperature adjusting module transmitted signal, and described temperature adjusting module stops the heating work of described heater element or the refrigeration work of described cooling module.Stable to guarantee rising or descending speed, and can save unnecessary energy dissipation.

Also comprise a flying power system, described signal handling equipment also connects the control interface of described flying power system.Described flying power system provides action power for heat expansion regulates and controls flight instruments.

Described flying power system comprises electrical motor and blower impeller, and blower impeller rotates described in described direct motor drive provides power.

Can also be, described flying power system comprises electrical motor and fin, and fin swings described in described direct motor drive provides power.

Described signal handling equipment is also connected with a wireless interaction system, and described wireless interaction system support has a wireless interaction terminal.Heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments is realized information interaction by described wireless interaction system and wireless interaction terminal.

Described information interaction comprises that heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments status data is handed down to described unlimited interactive terminal.Also comprise, described wireless interaction terminal is uploaded to described wireless interaction system by control command, and then is uploaded to described signal handling equipment.

Also comprise, described wireless interaction terminal sends remote signal to described wireless interaction system in real time, and then is uploaded to described signal handling equipment, carries out real time remote control control.

One preferred version can be: described main gasbag and described balloonet share an air bag, are filled with the gas that mean molecular weight is less than helium gas molecules amount twice in described air bag;

The described temperature adjusting module of described heat energy regulator control system is fixed on described air bag, and described heater element is pressed close to the airbag wall of described air bag.

Described temperature adjusting module also comprises a cooling system, and the cooling module of cooling system is pressed close to the airbag wall of described air bag.

Described cooling module and described heater element adopt same electronic refrigerating sheet, by translation function, realize refrigeration or heating.

Described temperature adjusting module is bonded in described air bag below.So that common hydrogen balloon or helium balloon are converted into the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments of positioning height aloft.

Described temperature adjusting module is positioned at a shell, and described shell is provided with a bonding coat, by described bonding coat, described temperature adjusting module is bonded in to described air bag below.

Described air bag can be at least one in superman, angel, angle, fairy maiden, dragon, bird, winged insect, aircraft, the sun or moon moulding.

Also comprise an intelligent control system, described intelligent control system connects the control signal end of described temperature adjusting module;

Described intelligent control system is provided with a height feedback system, and described height feedback system comprises an alignment sensor system, and a signal handling equipment;

Described positioning sensor system passes to described signal handling equipment by the flying height information measuring, described signal handling equipment judges that whether flying height is higher or lower than setting value, described signal handling equipment is according to judged result to described temperature adjusting module transmitted signal, and described temperature adjusting module is controlled described heating arrangement or cooling system work after receiving signal.

Described alignment sensor system adopts active infrared sensing system, active infrared sensing system comprises an infrared emission mechanism and an infrared receiving set structure, the downrange of described infrared emission mechanism is towards ground, and described infrared receiving set structure is received from the infrared signal that ground return is gone back.

Described signal handling equipment receives with the signal end that described infrared receiving set structure is connected the infrared signal being reflected back, and confirm to identify, after identification, to described temperature adjusting module transmitted signal, described temperature adjusting module receives that controlling described heating arrangement after signal heats.And then control and rise.

Described signal handling equipment does not receive with the signal end that described infrared receiving set structure is connected the infrared signal being reflected back, and to described temperature adjusting module transmitted signal, described temperature adjusting module is controlled described heater stop heating after receiving signal.Or controlling cooling system work lowers the temperature.To control, decline.

Above-mentioned design as positioning sensor system, has the advantages such as simple in structure, cost is low, antijamming capability is strong by active infrared sensing system.In addition, whether described infrared receiving set structure is received to signal, as the foundation of decision height, has the advantages such as quantity of information is few, data processing is simple, reliability is strong.

By setting the optical signal emissive porwer of infrared emission mechanism, or set the sensitivity of infrared receiving set structure, or optical signal emissive porwer and sensitivity are comprehensively arranged.Thereby setting flying height.

Can also be, described alignment sensor system adopts reflecting type ultrasonic position fixing system, reflecting type ultrasonic position fixing system comprises a super sonic trigger mechanism and a ultrasonic receiver structure, the downrange of described super sonic trigger mechanism is towards ground, and described ultrasonic receiver structure is received from the ultrasonic signal that ground return is gone back.

Described signal handling equipment receives with the signal end that described ultrasonic receiver structure is connected the ultrasonic signal being reflected back, and confirm to identify, after identification, to described temperature adjusting module transmitted signal, described temperature adjusting module receives that controlling described heating arrangement after signal heats.And then control and rise.

Described signal handling equipment does not receive with the signal end that described ultrasonic receiver structure is connected the ultrasonic signal being reflected back, and to described temperature adjusting module transmitted signal, described temperature adjusting module is controlled described heater stop heating after receiving signal.Or controlling cooling system work lowers the temperature.To control, decline.

Above-mentioned design as positioning sensor system, has the advantages such as simple in structure, cost is low, antijamming capability is strong by reflecting type ultrasonic position fixing system.In addition, whether described ultrasonic receiver structure is received to signal, as the foundation of decision height, has the advantages such as quantity of information is few, data processing is simple, reliability is strong.

By setting the optical signal emissive porwer of super sonic trigger mechanism, or set the sensitivity of ultrasonic receiver structure, or optical signal emissive porwer and sensitivity are comprehensively arranged.Thereby setting flying height.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is a kind of integral structure schematic diagram of heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments;

Fig. 2 is temperature adjusting module structural principle schematic diagram.

The specific embodiment

For technological means, creation characteristic that the utility model is realized, reach object with effect is easy to understand, below in conjunction with the further elaboration the utility model of concrete diagram.

With reference to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments, comprises at least one air bag, is filled with the light gas that density is less than air in air bag, usings this air bag as main gasbag 1, also comprises a heat energy regulator control system.Heat energy regulator control system comprises a temperature adjusting module.Temperature adjusting module comprises a heating arrangement 5, and heating arrangement 5 is a heating arrangement heating by electric energy.Heat energy regulator control system also comprises the air bag of a flexibility, usings this air bag as balloonet 21, and the heater element 31 of heating arrangement 5 is positioned on balloonet 21, and main gasbag 1 is connected with balloonet 21.Heater element 31 can be positioned on balloonet 21 or balloonet 21, so that heat transmission.Main gasbag 1 directly or indirectly connects heat energy regulator control system.

Main gasbag 1 is the air bag of sealing preferably, and hydrogen, helium or specific gravity of gas can be filled lower than the gas of air in inside, but preferred helium.The air bag that balloonet 21 also preferably seals.Main gasbag 1 can be at least one in superman, angel, angle, fairy maiden, dragon, bird, winged insect, aircraft, the sun or moon moulding.

When needs improve buoyancy, by the material in 31 pairs of balloonets 21 of heater element, heat, improve temperature, make the increase of being heated of the volume of material, and then the volume of balloonet 21 increased, then and then the volume of whole heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments is increased, thereby raising buoyancy, obtains raising force.

Balloonet 21 can be positioned at main gasbag 1, also can be arranged on outside main gasbag 1.Also can directly the heater element of heating arrangement 5 31 be arranged in main gasbag 1, make an air bag simultaneously as main gasbag 1 and balloonet 21, be about to main gasbag 1 and balloonet 21 and combine.So that simplified structure.

The interior heated material of balloonet 21 can be gaseous matter, liquid substance or solid matter, the compound of at least two kinds of materials also or in gaseous matter, liquid substance and solid matter.

When heated material is gaseous matter, thereby when gases are heated, they expand, volume increases, and then increases buoyancy.When heated material is liquid substance or solid matter, can be to undergo phase transition after being heated, be converted into gaseous matter, thereby volume increases, and then increase buoyancy.The gas being filled with in balloonet 21, is preferably the gas that mol wt is not more than helium twice.So that under the lower prerequisite of consumed energy, obtain larger volume and change.

Heater element 31 can be attached to the airbag wall outside of balloonet 21.By airbag wall, heat is delivered to the material of balloonet 21 inner sides, heats.Heater element 31 can be resistance heating element, quartzy heat element, electronic refrigerating sheet or other heat elements.

Balloonet 21 adopts double-layer air bag wall construction, comprises inner bladder wall 211 and balloon outer wall 212, between inner bladder wall 211 and balloon outer wall 212, is provided with space, is filled with gas in space.To realize the insulation effect to internal layer gas.In space between inner bladder wall 211 and balloon outer wall 212, be distributed with grid chamber 213.In grid chamber 213, be filled with gas, to guarantee heat insulation effect.The inner side of inner bladder wall 211 is silver color.To reflect inner infrared ray, reduce heat radiation loss.

The airbag wall of main gasbag 1 is provided with an air pressure relief valve, and when the air pressure in main gasbag 1 is greater than a setting value, air pressure relief valve 4 is opened, and Exhaust Gas, to avoid the main gasbag 1 that rises brokenly.On balloonet 21, also air pressure relief valve can be set.

Temperature adjusting module 2 also comprises a cooling system 6, and cooling system 6 comprises a cooling module 61, and cooling module 61 is positioned on balloonet 21.Can be that cooling module is positioned on balloonet wall.Can be inner side or the outside of balloonet wall.

The structure that cooling system is concrete:

(1) cooling module 61 of cooling system 6 can adopt electronic refrigerating sheet.Electronic refrigerating sheet is attached on balloonet wall, can be attached in or beyond balloonet wall.A heat exchange of electronic refrigerating sheet is in balloonet 21, and another heat exchange is outside balloonet 21.

Make the heat in balloonet 21 under the effect of cooling system 6, be dispersed into the external world, to reduce temperature, and then balloonet 21 volumes are reduced, and then reduce buoyancy, control heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments deceleration floating, stop floating or decline.Electronic refrigerating sheet, after transformation working pattern, can be converted to heating function by cooling function.

The cooling module 61 of cooling system 6 can also be the refrigeration side of heat pump.Temperature adjusting module 2 comprises a heat pump, and cooling system 6 or heating arrangement 5 are heat pump.Cooling system 6 and heating arrangement 5 can combine, and use a set of heat pump.

(2) cooling system 6 can also comprise a gas cycle cooling system, and gas cycle cooling system comprises a heat sink and a heat abstractor, and a wind circulation power system of impelling Air Flow; Heat sink is positioned at balloonet 21, and heat abstractor is positioned at outside balloonet 21; Heat sink connects wind circulation power system, and wind circulation power system connects heat abstractor.

Heat sink can be a gas pipe line, and heat abstractor can be also a gas pipe line; Heat sink, wind circulation power system and heat abstractor form a closed circuit circulatory system.

Can also be, heat sink adopts a gas pipe line, and heat abstractor adopts an air inerchange structure, comprises an air outlet, and an air suctiton inlet.By air suctiton inlet, from extraneous air amount, then, under the effect of wind circulation power system, the heat sink of flowing through absorbs heat, and then the air absorbing after heat is discharged to the external world by air outlet, thereby takes away the heat in balloonet 21.

The intelligent control system of heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments:

Heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments also comprises an intelligent control system 7, and intelligent control system 7 connects the control signal end of temperature adjusting module 2.Intelligent control system 7 is provided with a height feedback system, and height feedback system comprises an alignment sensor system 71, and a signal handling equipment 72.Positioning sensor system passes to signal handling equipment 72 by the flying height information measuring, signal handling equipment 72 judges that whether flying height is higher or lower than setting value, signal handling equipment 72 is according to judged result to temperature adjusting module 2 transmitted signals, and temperature adjusting module 2 is controlled heating arrangement 5 or cooling system 6 work after receiving signal.

In flying height, during lower than setting value, signal handling equipment 72 is given temperature adjusting module 2 transmitted signals, and temperature adjusting module 2, by the heater element 31 of heating arrangement 5, heats the material in balloonet 21.Thereby increase buoyancy.

In flying height, during higher than setting value, signal handling equipment 72 is given temperature adjusting module 2 transmitted signals, and temperature adjusting module 2, by the cooling module 61 of cooling system 6, is lowered the temperature to the material in balloonet 21.Thereby reduce buoyancy.

Height feedback system can adopt at least one in the position fixing systems such as infrared altitude location system, ultrasonic height position fixing system, GPS navigation system, triones navigation system, reflection of electromagnetic wave position fixing system or laser elevation position fixing system.By height feedback system, rising or the descending speed of heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments are measured, and send velocity information to signal handling equipment 72, rising or descending speed during higher than a setting value, signal handling equipment 72 is given temperature adjusting module 2 transmitted signals, and temperature adjusting module 2 stops the heating work of heater element 31 or the refrigeration work of cooling module 61.Stable to guarantee rising or descending speed, and can save unnecessary energy dissipation.

Also comprise a flying power system 73, signal handling equipment 72 also connects the control interface of flying power system 73.Flying power system 73 provides action power for heat expansion regulates and controls flight instruments.Flying power system 73 comprises electrical motor and blower impeller, and direct motor drive blower impeller rotates provides power.Can also be, flying power system 73 comprises electrical motor and fin, and direct motor drive fin swings provides power.

Signal handling equipment 72 is also connected with a wireless interaction system, and wireless interaction system support has a wireless interaction terminal.Heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments is realized information interaction by wireless interaction system and wireless interaction terminal.Information interaction comprises that heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments status data is handed down to unlimited interactive terminal.Also comprise, wireless interaction terminal is uploaded to wireless interaction system by control command, and then is uploaded to signal handling equipment 72.

Also comprise, wireless interaction terminal sends remote signal to wireless interaction system in real time, and then is uploaded to signal handling equipment 72, carries out real time remote control control.Wireless interaction system can adopt the wireless communications modes such as infrared communication system, wireless communication system, laser remote control system at least one wireless interaction system.

Concrete enforcement 1:

Balloonet 21 tops are provided with a lifting rope, and lifting rope hangs heater element 31, make heater element 31 be positioned at balloonet 21 middle parts.

Balloonet 21 belows are also provided with static line, and static line upper end connects heater element 31.By lifting rope and static line, heater element 31 is fixed on to balloonet 21 middle parts.To avoid when generation is rocked, heater element 31 is excessively shifted, and even damages balloonet 21 walls.

Concrete enforcement 2:

In balloonet 21, be also provided with one with the container 32 of balloonet 21 inner chamber UNICOMs.Heater element 31 is positioned at container 32.Also can be positioned on the wall of container of container 32.Container 32 is interior can be contained with liquid substance or solid matter.

While liquid substance being housed in container 32:

Liquid substance, under the heating of heater element 31, produces steam, and then increases the volume of balloonet 21.Thereby increase buoyancy.Liquid can adopt the boiling points such as water, propylene dichloride, parabolic hydrocarbon, alkene, alcohol, aldehyde, amine, ester, ether, ketone, aromatic hydrocarbon, hydrogenate hydrocarbon, terpene hydrocarbon, halogenated hydrocarbons lower, the liquid that is easy to evaporation, concrete composition can also be water, alcohol, formaldehyde, gasoline.

Preferably boiling point is less than or equal to the liquid of alcohol boiling point.So that under the lower prerequisite of consumed energy, obtain a large amount of steam.The heating-up temperature of heater element 31 is lower than the firing point of liquid substance.To avoid producing fire hazard.Liquid substance can also be the mixed solution that carbon acid solution, alcoholic solution, formalin etc. are dissolved with volatile substances.Container 32 is positioned at balloonet below, the airbag wall laminating of the edge of opening of container 32 and balloonet 21.So that become liquid material after cooling, in the container that again falls back, in order to heating next time, use.

While solid matter being housed in container 32:

Solid matter, under the heating of heater element 31, produces steam, and then increases the volume of balloonet 21.Thereby increase buoyancy.Solid matter can be the solid matter that iodine, naphthalene or camphor etc. are easy to distillation.So that under the lower prerequisite of consumed energy, obtain a large amount of steam.

Container 32 is positioned at balloonet below, the airbag wall laminating of the edge of opening of container 32 and balloonet 21.So that become liquid or solid-state material after cooling, in the container that again falls back, in order to heating next time, use.

Preferred design:

Main gasbag 1 and balloonet 21 share an air bag, are filled with the gas that mean molecular weight is less than helium gas molecules amount twice in air bag; The temperature adjusting module 2 of heat energy regulator control system is fixed on air bag, and heater element 31 is pressed close to the airbag wall of air bag.Temperature adjusting module 2 also comprises a cooling system 6, and the cooling module 61 of cooling system 6 is pressed close to the airbag wall of air bag.Cooling module 61 adopts same electronic refrigerating sheet with heater element 31, by translation function, realizes refrigeration or heating.

Air bag can be at least one in superman, angel, angle, fairy maiden, dragon, bird, winged insect, aircraft, the sun or moon moulding.

Also comprise an intelligent control system 7, intelligent control system 7 connects the control signal end of temperature adjusting module 2; Intelligent control system 7 is provided with a height feedback system, and height feedback system comprises an alignment sensor system 71, and a signal handling equipment 72.Positioning sensor system passes to signal handling equipment 72 by the flying height information measuring, signal handling equipment 72 judges that whether flying height is higher or lower than setting value, signal handling equipment 72 is according to judged result to temperature adjusting module 2 transmitted signals, and temperature adjusting module 2 is controlled heating arrangement or cooling system 6 work after receiving signal.

Alignment sensor system 71 adopts active infrared sensing system, active infrared sensing system comprises an infrared emission mechanism and an infrared receiving set structure, the downrange of infrared emission mechanism is towards ground, and infrared receiving set structure is received from the infrared signal that ground return is gone back.

The signal end that signal handling equipment 72 is connected with infrared receiving set structure is received the infrared signal being reflected back, and confirms identification, and after identification, to temperature adjusting module 2 transmitted signals, temperature adjusting module 2 receives that controlling heating arrangement after signal heats.And then control and rise.

The signal end that signal handling equipment 72 is connected with infrared receiving set structure is not received the infrared signal being reflected back, and to temperature adjusting module 2 transmitted signals, temperature adjusting module 2 is controlled heater stop heating after receiving signal.Or controlling cooling system 6 work lowers the temperature.To control, decline.

Above-mentioned design as positioning sensor system, has the advantages such as simple in structure, cost is low, antijamming capability is strong by active infrared sensing system.In addition, whether infrared receiving set structure is received to signal, as the foundation of decision height, has the advantages such as quantity of information is few, data processing is simple, reliability is strong.

By setting the optical signal emissive porwer of infrared emission mechanism, or set the sensitivity of infrared receiving set structure, or optical signal emissive porwer and sensitivity are comprehensively arranged.Thereby setting flying height.

Can also be, alignment sensor system 71 adopts reflecting type ultrasonic position fixing system, reflecting type ultrasonic position fixing system comprises a super sonic trigger mechanism and a ultrasonic receiver structure, the downrange of super sonic trigger mechanism is towards ground, and ultrasonic receiver structure is received from the ultrasonic signal that ground return is gone back.

The signal end that signal handling equipment 72 is connected with ultrasonic receiver structure is received the ultrasonic signal being reflected back, and confirms identification, and after identification, to temperature adjusting module 2 transmitted signals, temperature adjusting module 2 receives that controlling heating arrangement after signal heats.And then control and rise.

The signal end that signal handling equipment 72 is connected with ultrasonic receiver structure is not received the ultrasonic signal being reflected back, and to temperature adjusting module 2 transmitted signals, temperature adjusting module 2 is controlled heater stop heating after receiving signal.Or controlling cooling system 6 work lowers the temperature.To control, decline.

Above-mentioned design as positioning sensor system, has the advantages such as simple in structure, cost is low, antijamming capability is strong by reflecting type ultrasonic position fixing system.In addition, whether ultrasonic receiver structure is received to signal, as the foundation of decision height, has the advantages such as quantity of information is few, data processing is simple, reliability is strong.

By setting the ultrasonic signal emissive porwer of super sonic trigger mechanism, or set the sensitivity of ultrasonic receiver structure, or ultrasonic signal emissive porwer and sensitivity are comprehensively arranged.Thereby setting flying height.

More than show and described groundwork of the present utility model and principal character and advantage of the present utility model.The technical personnel of the industry should be understood; the utility model is not restricted to the described embodiments; that in above-described embodiment and specification sheets, describes just illustrates principle of the present utility model; do not departing under the prerequisite of the utility model spirit and scope; the utility model also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall within the scope of claimed the utility model.The claimed scope of the utility model is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (76)

1. heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments, comprises at least one air bag, is filled with the light gas that density is less than air in described air bag, usings this air bag as main gasbag, it is characterized in that,
Also comprise a heat energy regulator control system;
Described heat energy regulator control system also comprises a temperature adjusting module, and described temperature adjusting module comprises a heating arrangement, and described heating arrangement is a heating arrangement heating by electric energy;
Described heat energy regulator control system also comprises an air bag, usings this air bag as balloonet, and the heater element of described heating arrangement is positioned on described balloonet, and described main gasbag is connected with described balloonet.
2. heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described heater element is positioned on described balloonet or balloonet.
3. heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments according to claim 1, is characterized in that: main gasbag is the air bag of sealing, and at least one in hydrogen, helium filled in inside.
4. heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments according to claim 1, is characterized in that: main gasbag is the air bag of sealing, and inner inflatable body proportion is lower than at least one gas of air.
5. heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments according to claim 1, is characterized in that: balloonet is the flexible air-bag of sealing.
6. heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described main gasbag connects described heat energy regulator control system.
7. heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described main gasbag connects described heat energy regulator control system indirectly.
8. heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described balloonet, heated material is gaseous matter, liquid substance or solid matter.
9. heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described balloonet, heated material is the compound of at least two kinds of materials in gaseous matter, liquid substance and solid matter.
10. heat expansion according to claim 9 regulation and control flight instruments, is characterized in that: the gas being filled with in described balloonet, and for mol wt is not more than the gas of helium twice.
11. heat expansions according to claim 1 regulation and control flight instrumentses, is characterized in that: described balloonet below be also provided with one with the container of described balloonet inner chamber UNICOM.
12. heat expansion regulation and control flight instrumentses according to claim 11, is characterized in that: described heater element is positioned at described container.
13. heat expansion regulation and control flight instrumentses according to claim 11, is characterized in that: described heater element is positioned on the wall of container of described container.
14. heat expansion regulation and control flight instrumentses according to claim 11, is characterized in that: in described container, liquid substance is housed.
15. heat expansion regulation and control flight instrumentses according to claim 14, it is characterized in that: described liquid substance is that in water, propylene dichloride, parabolic hydrocarbon, alkene, alcohol, aldehyde, amine, ester, ether, ketone, aromatic hydrocarbon, hydrogenate hydrocarbon, terpene hydrocarbon, halogenated hydrocarbons, any one boiling point is lower, be easy to the liquid of evaporation.
16. heat expansion regulation and control flight instrumentses according to claim 14, is characterized in that: the concrete composition of described liquid substance is water, alcohol, formaldehyde, gasoline.
17. heat expansion regulation and control flight instrumentses according to claim 14, is characterized in that: described liquid substance is the liquid that boiling point is less than or equal to alcohol boiling point.
18. heat expansion regulation and control flight instrumentses according to claim 14, is characterized in that: the heating-up temperature of described heater element is lower than the firing point of described liquid substance.
19. heat expansions according to claim 14 regulation and control flight instrumentses, is characterized in that: described liquid substance is that carbon acid solution, alcoholic solution, formalin are dissolved with at least one in the mixed solution of volatile substances.
20. heat expansion regulation and control flight instrumentses according to claim 11, is characterized in that: in described container, solid matter is housed.
21. heat expansion regulation and control flight instrumentses according to claim 20, is characterized in that: described solid matter is at least one in iodine, naphthalene or camphor.
22. heat expansion regulation and control flight instrumentses according to claim 20, is characterized in that: described solid matter is the solid matter that is easy to distillation.
23. heat expansion regulation and control flight instrumentses according to claim 11, is characterized in that: described container is positioned at described balloonet below the edge of opening of described container and the laminating of the airbag wall of described balloonet.
24. heat expansion regulation and control flight instrumentses according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described balloonet is positioned at described main gasbag.
25. heat expansion regulation and control flight instrumentses according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described balloonet is arranged on outside described main gasbag.
26. heat expansions according to claim 1 regulation and control flight instrumentses, is characterized in that: the heater element of described heating arrangement is arranged in described main gasbag, make one described in air bag simultaneously as described main gasbag and described balloonet.
27. heat expansion regulation and control flight instrumentses according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described balloonet top is provided with a lifting rope, and described lifting rope hangs described heater element, make described heater element be positioned at described balloonet middle part.
28. heat expansion regulation and control flight instrumentses according to claim 27, is characterized in that: described balloonet below is also provided with static line, and described static line upper end connects described heater element.
29. heat expansion regulation and control flight instrumentses according to claim 28, is characterized in that: by described lifting rope and described static line, described heater element is fixed on to described balloonet middle part.
30. heat expansion regulation and control flight instrumentses according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described heater element is attached to the airbag wall outside of described balloonet.
31. heat expansion regulation and control flight instrumentses according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described heater element is any one heat element in resistance heating element, quartzy heat element, electronic refrigerating sheet.
32. heat expansion regulation and control flight instrumentses according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described balloonet is double-layer air bag wall construction, comprise inner bladder wall and balloon outer wall, between described inner bladder wall and described balloon outer wall, be provided with space, in described space, be filled with gas.
33. heat expansion regulation and control flight instrumentses according to claim 32, is characterized in that: in the space between described inner bladder wall and described balloon outer wall, be distributed with grid chamber.
34. heat expansion regulation and control flight instrumentses according to claim 33, is characterized in that: in described grid chamber, be filled with gas.
35. heat expansion regulation and control flight instrumentses according to claim 32, is characterized in that: the inner side of described inner bladder wall is silver color.
36. heat expansion regulation and control flight instrumentses according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the airbag wall of described main gasbag is provided with an air pressure relief valve.
37. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in any one in claims 1 to 36, it is characterized in that: described temperature adjusting module also comprises a cooling system.
38. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 37, it is characterized in that: described cooling system comprises a cooling module, and described cooling module connects described balloonet.
39. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 38, it is characterized in that: described cooling module is positioned on described balloonet.
40. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 38, it is characterized in that: cooling module is positioned on described balloonet wall.
41. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 38, it is characterized in that: cooling module is positioned at inner side or the outside of balloonet wall.
42. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 38, it is characterized in that: described cooling module is electronic refrigerating sheet.
43. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 42, it is characterized in that: described electronic refrigerating sheet is attached on described balloonet wall.
44. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 42, it is characterized in that: described electronic refrigerating sheet is attached in or beyond described balloonet wall.
45. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 42, it is characterized in that: a heat exchange of described electronic refrigerating sheet is in described balloonet, and another heat exchange is outside described balloonet.
46. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in any one in claims 1 to 36, it is characterized in that: described temperature adjusting module also comprises a cooling system, described cooling system also comprises a gas cycle cooling system, described gas cycle cooling system comprises a heat sink and a heat abstractor, and a wind circulation power system of impelling Air Flow; Described heat sink is positioned at described balloonet, and described heat abstractor is positioned at outside described balloonet; Described heat sink connects described wind circulation power system, and described wind circulation power system connects described heat abstractor.
47. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 46, it is characterized in that: described heat sink is a gas pipe line, and described heat abstractor is a gas pipe line; Described heat sink, wind circulation power system and described heat abstractor form a closed circuit circulatory system.
48. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 46, it is characterized in that: described heat sink is a gas pipe line, and described heat abstractor is an air inerchange structure, comprises an air outlet, and an air suctiton inlet.
49. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 38, it is characterized in that: the cooling module of described cooling system is the refrigeration side of heat pump.
50. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 37, it is characterized in that: described temperature adjusting module comprises a heat pump.
51. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 50, it is characterized in that: described cooling system is heat pump.
52. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 51, it is characterized in that: described heating arrangement is a heat pump.
53. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 52, it is characterized in that: described cooling system and described heating arrangement combine, and use a set of heat pump.
54. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in any one in claims 1 to 36, it is characterized in that: described heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments also comprises an intelligent control system, and described intelligent control system connects the control signal end of described temperature adjusting module;
Described intelligent control system is provided with a height feedback system, and described height feedback system comprises an alignment sensor system, and a signal handling equipment.
55. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 54, it is characterized in that: described height feedback system is at least one in infrared altitude location system, ultrasonic height position fixing system, GPS navigation system, triones navigation system, reflection of electromagnetic wave position fixing system or laser elevation position fixing system.
56. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 54, it is characterized in that: also comprise a flying power system, described signal handling equipment also connects the control interface of described flying power system.
57. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 56, it is characterized in that: described flying power system comprises electrical motor and blower impeller, and blower impeller rotates described in described direct motor drive.
58. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 56, it is characterized in that: described flying power system comprises electrical motor and fin, and fin swings described in described direct motor drive.
59. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 54, it is characterized in that: described signal handling equipment is also connected with a wireless interaction system, and described wireless interaction system support has a wireless interaction terminal.
60. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 59, it is characterized in that: heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments is mutual by wireless interaction system and wireless interaction end message.
61. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 60, it is characterized in that: described information interaction comprises that heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments status data is handed down to described wireless interaction terminal.
62. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 60, it is characterized in that: described information interaction also comprises, described wireless interaction terminal is uploaded to described wireless interaction system by control command, and then is uploaded to described signal handling equipment.
63. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 60, it is characterized in that: described information interaction also comprises, described wireless interaction terminal sends remote signal to described wireless interaction system in real time, and then is uploaded to described signal handling equipment, carries out real time remote control control.
64. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 59, it is characterized in that: at least one the wireless interaction system in the wireless communications modes such as described wireless interaction system infrared communication system, wireless communication system, laser remote control system.
65. heat expansion regulation and control flight instrumentses according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described main gasbag and described balloonet share an air bag, are filled with the gas that mean molecular weight is less than helium gas molecules amount twice in described air bag;
The described temperature adjusting module of described heat energy regulator control system is fixed on described air bag, and described heater element is pressed close to the airbag wall of described air bag.
66. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 65, it is characterized in that: described temperature adjusting module also comprises a cooling system, and the cooling module of cooling system is pressed close to the airbag wall of described air bag.
67. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 66, it is characterized in that: described cooling module and described heater element are same electronic refrigerating sheets.
68. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 65, it is characterized in that: described temperature adjusting module is bonded in described air bag below.
69. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 65, it is characterized in that: described temperature adjusting module is positioned at a shell, and described shell is provided with a bonding coat, by described bonding coat, described temperature adjusting module is bonded in to described air bag below.
70. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 66, it is characterized in that: also comprise an intelligent control system, described intelligent control system connects the control signal end of described temperature adjusting module;
Described intelligent control system is provided with a height feedback system, and described height feedback system comprises an alignment sensor system, and a signal handling equipment.
71. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 70, it is characterized in that: described alignment sensor system is active infrared sensing system, active infrared sensing system comprises an infrared emission mechanism and an infrared receiving set structure, the downrange of described infrared emission mechanism is towards ground, and described infrared receiving set structure is received from the infrared signal that ground return is gone back.
72. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 71, it is characterized in that: described signal handling equipment receives with the signal end that described infrared receiving set structure is connected the infrared signal being reflected back, and confirm to identify, after identification, to described temperature adjusting module transmitted signal, described temperature adjusting module receives that controlling described heating arrangement after signal heats.
73. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 71, it is characterized in that: described signal handling equipment does not receive with the signal end that described infrared receiving set structure is connected the infrared signal being reflected back,, to described temperature adjusting module transmitted signal, described temperature adjusting module is controlled described heater stop heating or controls cooling system work and lower the temperature after receiving signal.
74. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 70, it is characterized in that: described alignment sensor system is reflecting type ultrasonic position fixing system, reflecting type ultrasonic position fixing system comprises a super sonic trigger mechanism and a ultrasonic receiver structure, the downrange of described super sonic trigger mechanism is towards ground, and described ultrasonic receiver structure is received from the ultrasonic signal that ground return is gone back.
75. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 74, it is characterized in that: described signal handling equipment receives with the signal end that described ultrasonic receiver structure is connected the ultrasonic signal being reflected back, and confirm to identify, after identification, to described temperature adjusting module transmitted signal, described temperature adjusting module receives that controlling described heating arrangement after signal heats.
76. according to the heat expansion regulation and control flight instruments described in claim 74, it is characterized in that: described signal handling equipment does not receive with the signal end that described ultrasonic receiver structure is connected the ultrasonic signal being reflected back,, to described temperature adjusting module transmitted signal, described temperature adjusting module is controlled described heater stop heating or controls cooling system work and lower the temperature after receiving signal.
CN201320727391.8U 2013-01-28 2013-11-18 Thermal expansion regulation and control flight device CN203806129U (en)

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