CN203804335U - Machine tool for machining chip pocket of gear shaving cutter - Google Patents

Machine tool for machining chip pocket of gear shaving cutter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203804335U
CN203804335U CN201420145234.0U CN201420145234U CN203804335U CN 203804335 U CN203804335 U CN 203804335U CN 201420145234 U CN201420145234 U CN 201420145234U CN 203804335 U CN203804335 U CN 203804335U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
lathe
cutter
screw
slide
worm
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420145234.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王维
钟瑞龄
唐兆庆
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Yichang Changjiang Machine Technology Co Ltd
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Yichang Changjiang Machine Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201420145234.0U priority Critical patent/CN203804335U/en
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Publication of CN203804335U publication Critical patent/CN203804335U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

A machine tool for machining a chip pocket of a gear shaving cutter comprises a machine tool body, a middle machine tool body, an upright pillar, a slide seat, a cutter holder body assembly, an indexing head, a transverse slide table, a numerical control system and a hydraulic system; the machine tool for machining the chip pocket of the gear shaving cutter is characterized in that the machine tool body is fixed with a foundation; the middle machine tool body and the transverse slide table are arranged at two sides of the upside of the machine tool body; a horizontal moving mechanism for horizontally moving the middle machine tool body is arranged between the middle machine tool body and the machine tool body; the middle machine tool body is provided with the upright pillar of which the side surface is provided with the slide seat; the slide seat is provided with the cutter holder body assembly; the indexing head is arranged on the transverse slide table; the upper and lower positions of the indexing head and the cutter holder body assembly correspond to each other; the slide seat is provided with a main driving mechanism, a random spiral angle compensation mechanism, a microscale cutter avoiding mechanism and a stroke length automatic regulation mechanism. Each motion realizes digitalized control, the automatic cutter aligning function is realized, the machine tool is convenient to adjust and the labor intensity of a worker is reduced.

Description

A kind of lathe of processing gear shaver chip pocket
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of lathe of processing gear shaver chip pocket, particularly be to possess automatic tool preset and any gear shaver chip pocket machining tool of the full-digital control of helical angle compensate function.
Background technology
The equipment that the most equipment adopting of current domestic toolmaker man's processing gear shaver chip pocket is still transformed for slotting machine, the main motion that utilizes slotting machine to cut up and down, increase the dividing head of an outsourcing, in most cases this kind of equipment can only machining shaft to gear shaver, can not process radial gear shaving cutter, the sulculus of processing can not form and be dislocatedly distributed on each flank of tooth, and the main motion efficiency of slotting machine is low, dividing head majority is mechanical type dividing head, needs manual operation gear shaver to divide tooth action.External Gleason and Italian SU developed the special purpose machine tool of gear shaver comb groove processing, but due to its fetch long price, and this equipment now restricts export to China, make domestic toolmaker man processing radial gear shaving cutter can only rely on the second-hand comb scouring machine of external import, majority is mechanical traditional machine tool, working (machining) efficiency is low, machining accuracy is unstable, therefore and all kinds of Frequent Troubles of lathe, many domestic correspondents wish that we research and develop a kind of flexibility is stronger, working (machining) efficiency is higher, easy for operation lathe to substitute import equipment.This utility model is exactly a new exclusive lathe for this market demand exploitation.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of digital control system and relevant servomotor of utilizing and realizes the lathe to the main motion of lathe, slide move up and down, workpiece divides tooth motion, workpiece level to rotatablely move, cutter length feed moves, in-movement all can realize the processing gear shaver chip pocket of automation control.This lathe can be realized automatic tool preset function by special-purpose procedure, is beneficial to any helical angle compensation mechanism simultaneously and can makes to have spiral compensation function in tool cutting process, guarantees that processed gear shaver capacity chip slot depth is consistent.According to setting, also can process the processing of the multi-form chip pocket of gear shaver, as chip pocket distribution spiral the end of a thread number, lead of screw etc., to improve gear shaver shaving effect.
A kind of lathe of processing gear shaver chip pocket, it comprises by lathe bed, medial bed, column, slide, tool-post structure assembly, dividing head, horizontal slide unit and digital control system and hydraulic system, it is characterized in that: described lathe bed and ground are fixed, medial bed and laterally slide unit are arranged on lathe bed upside two ends, between medial bed and lathe bed, be provided with the horizontal mobile mechanism that medial bed is moved horizontally, column is set on medial bed, and column side arranges slide, and tool-post structure assembly is set on slide; Laterally on slide unit, dividing head is set, dividing head and tool-post structure assembly upper-lower position are corresponding; Described slide is provided with main driving mechanism, any spiral angle compensation mechanism, micro-relieving mechanism and length of stroke automatic mechanism.
Above-mentioned main driving mechanism comprises main motor, small belt pulley, belt, big belt pulley, crank axle, adjusting screw(rod), stroke shaft, fork and ball pull bar, fulcrum support is passed through in ball pull bar bottom, fulcrum bottom is provided with cutter shaft, and cutter shaft bottom is connected with broach and arrives by connecing cutter piece.
Above-mentioned length of stroke automatic mechanism comprises electric machine stand, be arranged on the first servomotor, piston rod, adjusting rod and gear on electric machine stand, main Electric Machine Control crank axle rotation is to suitable position, locking stroke shaft retaining mechanism under the effect of hydraulic system in releasing orientation, cylinder piston rod drives adjusting rod to stretch out under the effect of hydraulic oil, make gear and the wheel toothed portion engagement of adjusting screw(rod) termination of adjusting rod termination, thereby the first driven by servomotor adjusting screw(rod) rotates, drive stroke shaft moves, thereby realizes the adjustment of length of stroke.
Above-mentioned micro-relieving mechanism comprises camshaft, be fixed on cutter relieving cam that synchronizing jugged belt wheel on camshaft and lift are 0.03mm, be fixed on cutter relieving roller on tool-post structure assembly, the first spiral bevel gear, the second spiral bevel gear, the first synchronizing jugged belt wheel, synchronous cog belt and the second synchronizing jugged belt wheel on butterfly spring, crank axle; The first spiral bevel gear drives the second spiral bevel gear to rotate, thereby the second spiral bevel gear drives the first synchronizing jugged belt wheel to rotate, the first synchronizing jugged belt wheel makes the second synchronizing jugged belt wheel on cutter relieving camshaft drive cutter relieving cam to rotate by synchronous cog belt; Cutter relieving roller on tool-post structure assembly, under the effect of butterfly spring, abuts against on cutter relieving cam, after main motion is opened, along with the rotation of cutter relieving cam makes tool-post structure assembly make reciprocally swinging, realizes the cutter relieving motion of comb groove cutter.
The cutter shaft that above-mentioned tool-post structure assembly comprises tool holder casing, is fixed on upper cutter spindle sleeve, the lower cutter spindle sleeve on tool holder casing and is arranged on upper and lower fairlead centre and ball pull bar is fastened as a whole and moves up and down, cutter shaft moves up and down and is main actuation movement.
Above-mentioned any spiral angle cutting compensation mechanism comprises the bearing spider that is fixed on cutter shaft, be arranged on the universal spherical joint bearing on bearing, be fixed on the straight line sliding chute seat straight line chute middle with being arranged on sliding chute seat on knife rest shell, unclamp the hold-down screw on sliding chute seat, straight line chute is rotated to required angle, then trip bolt is screwed, when cutter shaft moves up and down like this, just can form a spiral compensation motion.
Above-mentioned dividing head comprises bracket, locknut, locking anchor ear, dividing head casing, the first worm gear, worm-wheel bracket, clamp, piston mandril, workpiece mandrel and lathe of work level angle are adjusted retaining mechanism device, piston mandril unclamps under the effect of hydraulic oil, locking anchor ear recovers locking releasing orientation under the effect of self elastic force, the second driven by servomotor and its first worm screw linking together by the first shaft coupling, thereby drive the first worm gear to rotate, the worm-wheel bracket being fixed on the first worm gear drives workpiece mandrel to rotate together; Workpiece mandrel is fixed by screws on worm-wheel bracket, thereby drive the workpiece being fastened on workpiece mandrel by locknut to make dividing movement, after dividing movement completes, piston mandril makes to lock anchor ear by clamp worm-wheel bracket is locked under the effect of hydraulic oil, thus make workpiece in process in stable state.
Above-mentioned horizontal slide unit comprises slide unit base, slide plate, the 3rd servomotor, the second shaft coupling, ball-screw, feed screw nut, nut bearing, lathe of work level angle adjustment motor, the 3rd shaft coupling, the second worm gear and the second worm screw, the 3rd servomotor drives connected ball-screw to rotate by the second shaft coupling, then drive the feed screw nut on ball screw to move forward and backward, because feed screw nut is fixed on slide plate by nut bearing, thereby drive slide plate on the guide rail of slide unit base, to do transverse horizontal motion, realize sulculus dislocation motion.
Above-mentioned work top angle adjustment locking device comprises rotating disk, be built in six cover clamping cylinders in rotating disk, clamping cylinder comprises piston rod, butterfly spring and T-shaped, be built in six cover clamping cylinders in rotating disk and compress butterfly spring at the effect lower piston rod of hydraulic system, T-shaped is unclamped in the T-shaped groove of slide plate, and then the 4th servomotor by the 3rd shaft coupling, drive second worm drive the second worm gear to rotate, the second worm gear is fixed on rotating disk by worm-wheel bracket, after angle adjustment puts in place, hydraulic system stop providing pressure, the butterfly spring of six covers in clamping cylinders makes piston rod drive T-shaped by self elastic force to be locked in the T-shaped groove of slide plate, thereby rotating disk is fastened on slide plate.
Above-mentioned horizontal mobile mechanism comprises ball-screw, the 5th servomotor, tetrad axial organ, feed screw nut's seat, ball-screw one end is connected simultaneously and is fixed on lathe bed by motor cabinet with the 5th servomotor by tetrad axial organ, nut on ball-screw is fixed on medial bed by feed screw nut's seat, the 5th servomotor drives ball screw to rotate by shaft coupling, thereby drive medial bed to move horizontally on the guide rail of lathe bed both sides, realize length feed motion.
The ball screw that above-mentioned column top is provided with the 6th servomotor, worm-gear speed reducer and drives slide to move up and down, be arranged on quadruplet clamp mechanism on slide under the control of hydraulic system, in relaxation state, the 6th servomotor drives worm-gear speed reducer to drive ball screw to rotate, ball screw drives the feed screw nut who is fixed on slide to move up and down, thereby realizing slide moves up and down, when slide moves to behind the position needing, HYDRAULIC CONTROL SYSTEM clamp mechanism is fixedly clamped slide on column.
Above-mentioned main drive motor is arranged on motor cabinet platform, and motor platform is controlled by adjusting screw(rod), and motor platform can move up and down.
In above-mentioned synchronous cog belt, be provided with strainer, described strainer comprises regulating wheel, regulating wheel connecting axle, and the end screw rod leading screw of axle, screw rod leading screw connects tensioning support.
The utility model has been obtained following technique effect:
Micro-relieving mechanism of the present utility model mainly by camshaft, be fixed on cutter relieving cam that synchronizing jugged belt wheel on axle and lift are 0.03mm, the cutter relieving roller on tool-post structure, butterfly spring etc. and form.By spiral bevel gear, spiral bevel gear on crank axle, drive synchronizing jugged belt wheel, by synchronous cog belt, drive the synchronizing jugged belt wheel on cutter relieving camshaft, thereby drive the rotation of cutter relieving cam.Cutter relieving roller on knife rest, under the effect of butterfly spring, abuts against on cutter relieving cam, after main motion is opened, along with the rotation of cutter relieving cam makes the rich fulcrum of knife rest make reciprocally swinging, realizes the cutter relieving motion of comb groove cutter.Because synchronizing jugged belt wheel equates with the number of teeth of synchronizing jugged belt wheel, so the every rotation of crank axle one week, cutter shaft pumps once, combs groove cutter simultaneously and makes a cutter relieving.
Any helical angle compensation mechanism of rack type cutter of the present utility model, mainly by the bearing spider that is fixed on cutter shaft, is arranged on the universal spherical joint bearing on bearing, is fixed on straight line sliding chute seat on knife rest shell and the straight line chute that is arranged in the middle of sliding chute seat forms.When needs rack type cutter possesses spiral compensation motion, unclamp the trip bolt on sliding chute seat, by the required angle turning of removing of straight line chute rotation, then trip bolt is screwed.When cutter shaft moves up and down like this, just possess spiral compensation function, the groove depth that assurance gear shaver facewidth direction processes is consistent.
The beneficial effect the utlity model has has been to provide a kind of gear shaver chip pocket machining tool that possesses the full-digital control of automatic tool preset and any helical angle compensate function.Each motion of this lathe realizes Digital Control, can realize automatic tool preset function, and lathe is easy to adjust, reduces labor strength.Any spiral angle compensation mechanism in the utility model has substituted traditional mechanical spiral guide rail collocation structure, while processing the workpiece of different spiral compensation angles, can go less traditional structure to change the time of mechanical spiral guide rail, can reduce workman's labour intensity, can improve machine tooling efficiency simultaneously, this lathe function is abundant, and alternative import lathe, has changed the domestic present situation that there is no special-purpose gear shaver chip pocket machining tool.The utility model degree domestic is high, simple in structure, makes this lathe low price, along with this type lathe is applied at tool industry, will make the plunge shaving technique that working (machining) efficiency is higher be promoted.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is main frame outline drawing of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is transmission system schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is the expanded view of I partial view in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the expanded view of II partial view in Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is the expanded view of III partial view in Fig. 2;
Fig. 6 is the expanded view of IV partial view in Fig. 2;
Fig. 7 is slide cutaway view;
Fig. 8 is cutaway view in Fig. 7;
Fig. 9 is dividing head cutaway view .
The specific embodiment
Shown in accompanying drawing 1, a kind of lathe of processing gear shaver chip pocket, it comprises by lathe bed 100, medial bed 200, column 300, slide 400, tool-post structure assembly 500, dividing head 600, horizontal slide unit 700 and digital control system and hydraulic system, it is characterized in that: described lathe bed and ground are fixed, medial bed and laterally slide unit are arranged on lathe bed upside two ends, between medial bed and lathe bed, be provided with the horizontal mobile mechanism that medial bed is moved horizontally, column is set on medial bed, column side arranges slide, and tool-post structure assembly is set on slide; Laterally on slide unit, dividing head is set, dividing head and tool-post structure assembly upper-lower position are corresponding; Described slide is provided with main driving mechanism, any spiral angle compensation mechanism 810, micro-relieving mechanism 820 and length of stroke automatic mechanism 830.
As Fig. 2, described main driving mechanism comprises main motor 1, small belt pulley 2, belt 3, big belt pulley 4, crank axle 7, adjusting screw(rod) 6, stroke shaft 8, fork 9 and ball pull bar 10, ball pull bar bottom is supported by fulcrum 11, fulcrum bottom is provided with cutter shaft 16, and cutter shaft bottom is connected with broach to 18 by connecing cutter piece 17.
As Fig. 1, 2, 8, described length of stroke automatic mechanism comprises electric machine stand, be arranged on the first servomotor 55 on electric machine stand, piston rod 57, adjusting rod 58 and gear 59, main Electric Machine Control crank axle rotation is to suitable position, locking stroke shaft retaining mechanism under the effect of hydraulic system in releasing orientation, cylinder piston rod drives adjusting rod to stretch out under the effect of hydraulic oil, make gear and the wheel toothed portion engagement of adjusting screw(rod) termination of adjusting rod termination, thereby the first driven by servomotor adjusting screw(rod) rotates, drive stroke shaft moves, thereby realize the adjustment of length of stroke.
As Fig. 1,2,3,4, described micro-relieving mechanism comprises camshaft 46, be fixed on cutter relieving cam 47 that synchronizing jugged belt wheel 29 on camshaft and lift are 0.03mm, be fixed on cutter relieving roller 45 on tool-post structure assembly, the first spiral bevel gear, the synchronizing jugged belt wheel 36 of the second spiral bevel gear 34, first, synchronous cog belt 41 and the second synchronizing jugged belt wheel 29 on butterfly spring 44, crank axle; The first spiral bevel gear 5 drives the second spiral bevel gear 34 to rotate, thereby the second spiral bevel gear drives the first synchronizing jugged belt wheel to rotate, the first synchronizing jugged belt wheel makes the second synchronizing jugged belt wheel on cutter relieving camshaft drive cutter relieving cam to rotate by synchronous cog belt; Cutter relieving roller on tool-post structure assembly, under the effect of butterfly spring, abuts against on cutter relieving cam, after main motion is opened, along with the rotation of cutter relieving cam makes tool-post structure assembly make reciprocally swinging, realizes the cutter relieving motion of comb groove cutter.
As described in Fig. 1,2,7, tool-post structure assembly comprises tool holder casing 61, tool holder casing is connected on the slide seat body 60 of slide, be fixed on upper cutter spindle sleeve 62, the lower cutter spindle sleeve 64 on tool holder casing and be arranged on the cutter shaft 16 that is fastened as a whole and moves up and down with ball pull bar in the middle of upper and lower fairlead, and cutter shaft moves up and down and is main actuation movement.Described any spiral angle cutting compensation mechanism comprises the bearing spider 12 that is fixed on cutter shaft 16, be arranged on the universal spherical joint bearing 13 on bearing, be fixed on the straight line sliding chute seat 15 straight line chute 14 middle with being arranged on sliding chute seat on knife rest shell 61, unclamp the hold-down screw 63 on sliding chute seat, straight line chute is rotated to required angle, then trip bolt is screwed, when cutter shaft moves up and down like this, just can form a spiral compensation motion.
As Fig. 1, 2, 9, described dividing head comprises bracket 65, locknut 66, locking anchor ear 68, dividing head casing 69, the first worm gear 19, worm-wheel bracket 70, clamp 71, piston mandril 72, workpiece mandrel 77 and lathe of work level angle are adjusted retaining mechanism device, piston mandril unclamps under the effect of hydraulic oil, locking anchor ear recovers locking releasing orientation under the effect of self elastic force, the second servomotor 22 drives and its first worm screw 20 linking together by the first shaft coupling 21, thereby drive the first worm gear to rotate, the worm-wheel bracket being fixed on the first worm gear drives workpiece mandrel to rotate together, workpiece mandrel is fixed by screws on worm-wheel bracket, thereby drive the workpiece 67 being fastened on workpiece mandrel by locknut to make dividing movement, after dividing movement completes, piston mandril makes to lock anchor ear by clamp worm-wheel bracket is locked under the effect of hydraulic oil, thus make workpiece in process in stable state.
As Fig. 1, 2, 5, 6, described horizontal slide unit comprises slide unit base 78, slide plate 77, the 3rd servomotor 48, the second shaft coupling 49, ball-screw 50, feed screw nut 51, nut bearing 52, lathe of work level angle is adjusted motor 54, the 3rd shaft coupling 53, the second worm gear 23 and the second worm screw 24, the 3rd servomotor drives connected ball-screw to rotate by the second shaft coupling 49, then drive the feed screw nut on ball screw to move forward and backward, because feed screw nut is fixed on slide plate by nut bearing, thereby drive slide plate on the guide rail of slide unit base 78, to do transverse horizontal motion, realize sulculus dislocation motion.
As Fig. 2, 9, described work top angle adjustment locking device comprises rotating disk 73, be built in six cover clamping cylinders in rotating disk, clamping cylinder comprises piston rod 76, butterfly spring 75 and T-shaped 74, be built in six cover clamping cylinders in rotating disk and compress butterfly spring at the effect lower piston rod of hydraulic system, T-shaped is unclamped in the T-shaped groove of slide plate, and then the 4th servomotor 54 by the 3rd shaft coupling, drive second worm drive the second worm gear to rotate, the second worm gear is fixed on rotating disk by worm-wheel bracket, after angle adjustment puts in place, hydraulic system stop providing pressure, the butterfly spring of six covers in clamping cylinders makes piston rod drive T-shaped by self elastic force to be locked in the T-shaped groove of slide plate, thereby rotating disk is fastened on slide plate.
As Fig. 2, described horizontal mobile mechanism comprises ball-screw 26, the 5th servomotor 28, tetrad axial organ 27, feed screw nut's seat 25, ball-screw one end is connected simultaneously and is fixed on lathe bed by motor cabinet with the 5th servomotor by tetrad axial organ, nut on ball-screw is fixed on medial bed by feed screw nut's seat, the 5th servomotor drives ball screw to rotate by shaft coupling, thereby drive medial bed to move horizontally on the guide rail of lathe bed both sides, realize length feed motion.The ball screw 32 that described column top is provided with the 6th servomotor 35, worm-gear speed reducer 36 and drives slide 400 to move up and down, be arranged on quadruplet clamp mechanism on slide under the control of hydraulic system, in relaxation state, the 6th servomotor drives worm-gear speed reducer to drive ball screw to rotate, ball screw drives the feed screw nut 33 who is fixed on slide to move up and down, thereby realizing slide moves up and down, when slide moves to behind the position needing, HYDRAULIC CONTROL SYSTEM clamp mechanism is fixedly clamped slide on column.Described main drive motor is arranged on motor cabinet platform 31, and motor platform is controlled by adjusting screw(rod) 30, and motor platform can move up and down.In described synchronous cog belt 41, be provided with strainer, described strainer comprises regulating wheel 40, regulating wheel connecting axle 39, and the end screw rod leading screw 38 of axle, screw rod leading screw connects tensioning support 37.

Claims (13)

1. a lathe of processing gear shaver chip pocket, it comprises by lathe bed (100), medial bed (200), column (300), slide (400), tool-post structure assembly (500), dividing head (600), horizontal slide unit (700) and digital control system and hydraulic system, it is characterized in that: described lathe bed and ground are fixed, medial bed and laterally slide unit are arranged on lathe bed upside two ends, between medial bed and lathe bed, be provided with the horizontal mobile mechanism that medial bed is moved horizontally, column is set on medial bed, column side arranges slide, and tool-post structure assembly is set on slide; Laterally on slide unit, dividing head is set, dividing head and tool-post structure assembly upper-lower position are corresponding; Described slide is provided with main driving mechanism, any spiral angle compensation mechanism (810), micro-relieving mechanism (820) and length of stroke automatic mechanism (830).
2. the lathe of processing gear shaver chip pocket according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described main driving mechanism comprises main motor (1), small belt pulley (2), belt (3), big belt pulley (4), crank axle (7), adjusting screw(rod) (6), stroke shaft (8), fork (9) and ball pull bar (10), ball pull bar bottom is supported by fulcrum (11), fulcrum bottom is provided with cutter shaft (16), and cutter shaft bottom is connected with broach to (18) by connecing cutter piece (17).
3. the lathe of processing gear shaver chip pocket according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described length of stroke automatic mechanism comprises electric machine stand, be arranged on the first servomotor (55) on electric machine stand, piston rod (57), adjusting rod (58) and gear (59), main Electric Machine Control crank axle rotation is to suitable position, locking stroke shaft retaining mechanism under the effect of hydraulic system in releasing orientation, cylinder piston rod drives adjusting rod to stretch out under the effect of hydraulic oil, make gear and the wheel toothed portion engagement of adjusting screw(rod) termination of adjusting rod termination, thereby the first driven by servomotor adjusting screw(rod) rotates, drive stroke shaft moves, thereby realize the adjustment of length of stroke.
4. the lathe of processing gear shaver chip pocket according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described micro-relieving mechanism comprises camshaft (46), be fixed on cutter relieving cam (47) that synchronizing jugged belt wheel (29) on camshaft and lift are 0.03mm, be fixed on cutter relieving roller (45) on tool-post structure assembly, the first spiral bevel gear, the second spiral bevel gear (34), the first synchronizing jugged belt wheel (36), synchronous cog belt (41) and the second synchronizing jugged belt wheel (29) on butterfly spring (44), crank axle; The first spiral bevel gear (5) drives the second spiral bevel gear (34) to rotate, thereby the second spiral bevel gear drives the first synchronizing jugged belt wheel to rotate, the first synchronizing jugged belt wheel makes the second synchronizing jugged belt wheel on cutter relieving camshaft drive cutter relieving cam to rotate by synchronous cog belt; Cutter relieving roller on tool-post structure assembly, under the effect of butterfly spring, abuts against on cutter relieving cam, after main motion is opened, along with the rotation of cutter relieving cam makes tool-post structure assembly make reciprocally swinging, realizes the cutter relieving motion of comb groove cutter.
5. the lathe of processing gear shaver chip pocket according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described tool-post structure assembly comprises tool holder casing (61), is fixed on the upper cutter spindle sleeve (62) on tool holder casing, lower cutter spindle sleeve (64) and be arranged on the cutter shaft (16) that is fastened as a whole and moves up and down with ball pull bar in the middle of upper and lower fairlead, and cutter shaft moves up and down and is main actuation movement.
6. the lathe of processing gear shaver chip pocket according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described any spiral angle cutting compensation mechanism comprises the bearing spider (12) that is fixed on cutter shaft (16), be arranged on the universal spherical joint bearing (13) on bearing, be fixed on the upper straight line sliding chute seat (15) of knife rest shell (61) and be arranged on the middle straight line chute (14) of sliding chute seat, unclamp the hold-down screw (63) on sliding chute seat, straight line chute is rotated to required angle, then trip bolt is screwed, when cutter shaft moves up and down like this, just can form a spiral compensation motion.
7. the lathe of processing gear shaver chip pocket according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described dividing head comprises bracket (65), locknut (66), locking anchor ear (68), dividing head casing (69), the first worm gear (19), worm-wheel bracket (70), clamp (71), piston mandril (72), workpiece mandrel (77) and lathe of work level angle are adjusted retaining mechanism device, piston mandril unclamps under the effect of hydraulic oil, locking anchor ear recovers locking releasing orientation under the effect of self elastic force, the second servomotor (22) drives and its first worm screw (20) linking together by the first shaft coupling (21), thereby drive the first worm gear to rotate, the worm-wheel bracket being fixed on the first worm gear drives workpiece mandrel to rotate together, workpiece mandrel is fixed by screws on worm-wheel bracket, thereby drive the workpiece (67) being fastened on workpiece mandrel by locknut to make dividing movement, after dividing movement completes, piston mandril makes to lock anchor ear by clamp worm-wheel bracket is locked under the effect of hydraulic oil, thus make workpiece in process in stable state.
8. the lathe of processing gear shaver chip pocket according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described horizontal slide unit comprises slide unit base (78), slide plate (77), the 3rd servomotor (48), the second shaft coupling (49), ball-screw (50), feed screw nut (51), nut bearing (52), lathe of work level angle is adjusted motor (54), the 3rd shaft coupling (53), the second worm gear (23) and the second worm screw (24), the 3rd servomotor drives connected ball-screw to rotate by the second shaft coupling (49), then drive the feed screw nut on ball screw to move forward and backward, because feed screw nut is fixed on slide plate by nut bearing, thereby drive slide plate on the guide rail of slide unit base (78), to do transverse horizontal motion, realize sulculus dislocation motion.
9. the lathe of processing gear shaver chip pocket according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: described work top angle adjustment locking device comprises rotating disk (73), be built in six cover clamping cylinders in rotating disk, clamping cylinder comprises piston rod (76), butterfly spring (75) and T-shaped (74), be built in six cover clamping cylinders in rotating disk and compress butterfly spring at the effect lower piston rod of hydraulic system, T-shaped is unclamped in the T-shaped groove of slide plate, and then the 4th servomotor (54) by the 3rd shaft coupling, drive second worm drive the second worm gear to rotate, the second worm gear is fixed on rotating disk by worm-wheel bracket, after angle adjustment puts in place, hydraulic system stop providing pressure, the butterfly spring of six covers in clamping cylinders makes piston rod drive T-shaped by self elastic force to be locked in the T-shaped groove of slide plate, thereby rotating disk is fastened on slide plate.
10. the lathe of processing gear shaver chip pocket according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described horizontal mobile mechanism comprises ball-screw (26), the 5th servomotor (28), tetrad axial organ (27), feed screw nut's seat (25), ball-screw one end is connected simultaneously and is fixed on lathe bed by motor cabinet with the 5th servomotor by tetrad axial organ, nut on ball-screw is fixed on medial bed by feed screw nut's seat, the 5th servomotor drives ball screw to rotate by shaft coupling, thereby drive medial bed to move horizontally on the guide rail of lathe bed both sides, realize length feed motion.
The lathe of 11. processing gear shaver chip pockets according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described column top is provided with the 6th servomotor (35), worm-gear speed reducer (36) and the ball screw (32) that drives slide to move up and down, be arranged on quadruplet clamp mechanism on slide under the control of hydraulic system, in relaxation state, the 6th servomotor drives worm-gear speed reducer to drive ball screw to rotate, ball screw drives the feed screw nut (33) who is fixed on slide to move up and down, thereby realizing slide moves up and down, when slide moves to behind the position needing, HYDRAULIC CONTROL SYSTEM clamp mechanism is fixedly clamped slide on column.
The lathe of 12. processing gear shaver chip pockets according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: it is upper that described main drive motor is arranged on motor cabinet platform (31), and motor platform is controlled by adjusting screw(rod) (30), and motor platform can move up and down.
The lathe of 13. processing gear shaver chip pockets according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described synchronous cog belt is provided with strainer in (41), described strainer comprises regulating wheel (40), regulating wheel connecting axle (39), the end screw rod leading screw (38) of axle, screw rod leading screw connects tensioning support (37).
CN201420145234.0U 2014-03-28 2014-03-28 Machine tool for machining chip pocket of gear shaving cutter Expired - Fee Related CN203804335U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103878443A (en) * 2014-03-28 2014-06-25 宜昌长机科技有限责任公司 Machine tool used for machining gear shaving cutter chip pocket
CN107877178A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-04-06 滁州市华晨软件科技有限公司 A kind of flashboard numerical control lathe grinding special purpose machine tool

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103878443A (en) * 2014-03-28 2014-06-25 宜昌长机科技有限责任公司 Machine tool used for machining gear shaving cutter chip pocket
CN107877178A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-04-06 滁州市华晨软件科技有限公司 A kind of flashboard numerical control lathe grinding special purpose machine tool
CN107877178B (en) * 2017-11-29 2019-06-11 滁州市华晨软件科技有限公司 A kind of flashboard numerical control lathe grinding special purpose machine tool

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