CN203801282U - Small combine harvester - Google Patents

Small combine harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203801282U
CN203801282U CN201420231294.4U CN201420231294U CN203801282U CN 203801282 U CN203801282 U CN 203801282U CN 201420231294 U CN201420231294 U CN 201420231294U CN 203801282 U CN203801282 U CN 203801282U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
assembly
threshing
cylinder
dead lever
tooth
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420231294.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陆继之
杨峰
刘从汉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CHONGQING XUTIAN AGRICULTURE MACHINERY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
CHONGQING XUTIAN AGRICULTURE MACHINERY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by CHONGQING XUTIAN AGRICULTURE MACHINERY Co Ltd filed Critical CHONGQING XUTIAN AGRICULTURE MACHINERY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201420231294.4U priority Critical patent/CN203801282U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203801282U publication Critical patent/CN203801282U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to the technical field of agricultural machinery, in particular to a small combine harvester. The small combine harvester comprises a traveling assembly, an engine assembly, a header assembly, a threshing assembly, a grain discharge cylinder assembly, a transmission assembly and a transmission control assembly. The header assembly comprises a grain lifter, a cutter rest and cutters mounted in the front of the cutter rest, and a straw throwing device in synchronous movement with the cutters is arranged in rear of the cutter rest. The threshing assembly comprises a rotating shaft, connection discs and a plurality of threshing teeth fixing rods, the rotating shaft is in rotatable connection with the centers of the connection discs, and the connection discs are connected with the ends of the threshing teeth fixing rods. The grain discharge cylinder assembly comprises a conveying cylinder and a separation cylinder arranged at the upper end of the conveying cylinder; one side of the separation cylinder is provided with an air inlet; the other side, opposite to the air inlet, of the separation cylinder is provided with an air outlet; a partition plate which partitions the separation cylinder into two separation passages is arranged in the separation cylinder. The small combine harvester is simple in structure, less prone to straw jamming, high in threshing efficiency and effective in separation.

Description

Baby combine
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural machinery technological field, is specifically related to a kind of baby combine.
Background technology
Combine and receive the crop harvesting machine that grain header is the results cereal seed such as paddy and wheat and stalk, it is harvesting, threshing, the separation cane that can once complete cereal, removes the operations such as assorted excess, directly obtains the harvest machinery of grain from field., can reduce threshing loss, reduce labour intensity, save labour with respect to hand harvest, be indispensable farm machinery.
Be supplied with in the market baby combine, cheap, mobile flexible, convenient, be suitable for little field harvesting work, IU, generally formed by walking vehicle body, the ceding of Taiwan, threshing assembly, conveying plant and drive unit, be arranged on walking vehicle body front end as the ceding of Taiwan, for gathering in seedling fringe; Conveying plant is located at the bridge that forms seedling fringe between the ceding of Taiwan and threshing assembly and be transported to threshing assembly conventionally, will harvesting and threshing process orderly linking together.
Wherein the critical piece of the ceding of Taiwan is lower cutter and grain lifter, and lower cutter is arranged on the below of grain lifter, is used for cutting off stalk, existing lower cutter can gather and have more stalk in the time mowing, and stalk can not be discharged, make cutter can not fine work even stuck, affect harvesting work.
Threshing assembly critical piece is generally threshing cylinder and the threshing cage with threshing nail, but the efficiency of threshing is very low, is not well positioned to meet disengaging requirement
Conveying plant is mainly transport tube, its upper end is provided with weeds cylinder and grain outlet, in transport tube, be provided with conveyer belt, driving wheel driving conveying belt rotates, on weeds cylinder, be provided with air inlet and air outlet, the air inlet of weeds cylinder is connected with the exhaust outlet of the internal combustion engine of baby combine, is provided with deep bead at weeds cylinder and transport tube junction.Separate with cereal because weeds only lean against under the vacuum suction in cylinder, owing to departing from cylinder, space is large, the cereal that still has part in the process of screening be mixed in weeds in by being taken out of air outlet, separating effect is poor.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of simple structure, is difficult for card grass, departs from the baby combine of the high and good separating effect of efficiency.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model provides a kind of baby combine, include walking assembly, engine assembly, ceding of Taiwan assembly, threshing assembly, go out a grain cylinder assembly, transmission assembly manipulates assembly with transmission, described transmission assembly is fixedly installed on walking assembly, and be in transmission connection between engine assembly and walking assembly, described transmission manipulation assembly is fixedly installed in walking assembly, and is in transmission connection in engine assembly, ceding of Taiwan assembly, threshing assembly and goes out between grain cylinder assembly; Described ceding of Taiwan assembly comprises grain lifter, knife rest and is arranged on the cutter in knife rest front, the rear of described knife rest is provided with cutter is synchronized with the movement and gets rid of straw articles, getting rid of straw articles is the vertical jagged blade of oblique triangle arranging, this blade is divided into two sections taking knife rest center as boundary, and the cutting edge of two sections of blades upwards and respectively tilts to the two ends of knife rest; Described threshing assembly, comprises rotating shaft, terminal pad and multiple threshing tooth dead lever, and described rotating shaft is connected with terminal pad center rotating, and described terminal pad is fixedly connected with threshing tooth dead lever end; Described threshing tooth dead lever, around the uniform and in parallel setting of rotating shaft, is fixedly connected with multiple threshing tooths along its length on threshing tooth dead lever, on described terminal pad, offer the spacing hole identical with threshing tooth dead lever quantity near all sides; Described threshing tooth comprises threshing straight-tooth and threshing arch-shaped teeth, and described threshing straight-tooth arranges also one end near threshing tooth dead lever ringwise, and described threshing arch-shaped teeth distributes in the shape of a spiral; On threshing tooth dead lever, be fixedly connected with Lysimachia sikokiana scraper plate away from one end of threshing straight-tooth, be arranged with Lysimachia sikokiana baffle plate on described rotating shaft, Lysimachia sikokiana baffle plate is between threshing arch-shaped teeth and Lysimachia sikokiana scraper plate; Described go out a grain cylinder assembly comprise transport tube and be arranged on the cylinder of transport tube upper end, described cylinder one side is provided with air inlet, the opposite side relative with air inlet sets out air port, be provided with in described cylinder inside the dividing plate that cylinder is separated into two split tunnels, one end of described dividing plate is connected with the bottom of cylinder, distance between one end and cylinder top is greater than 1/2nd of cylinder height in addition, communicates and is provided with cereal outlet in the bottom of described cylinder with split tunnel.
Adopt the tool of technique scheme to have the following advantages: 1, because being provided with cutter is synchronized with the movement, the rear of knife rest gets rid of straw articles, getting rid of straw articles is the vertical jagged blade of oblique triangle arranging, this blade is divided into two sections taking knife rest center as boundary, the cutting edge of two sections of blades upwards and respectively tilts to the two ends of knife rest, so combine when walking, cutter is by straw cutting, by the side-to-side movement of blade, the cutting edge just stalk gathering on cutter is discharged from the two ends of knife rest, avoid the long-pending careless phenomenon on cutter, cutter can be contacted with the crops in front fully, improve the operating efficiency of harvesting work, 2, because rotating shaft is connected with terminal pad center rotating, described terminal pad is fixedly connected with threshing tooth dead lever end, described threshing tooth dead lever, around the uniform and in parallel setting of rotating shaft, is fixedly connected with multiple threshing tooths along its length on threshing tooth dead lever, on described terminal pad, offer the spacing hole identical with threshing tooth dead lever quantity near all sides, described threshing tooth comprises threshing straight-tooth and threshing arch-shaped teeth, and described threshing straight-tooth arranges also one end near threshing tooth dead lever ringwise, and described threshing arch-shaped teeth distributes in the shape of a spiral, on threshing tooth dead lever, is fixedly connected with Lysimachia sikokiana scraper plate away from one end of threshing straight-tooth, so be more easily located and ensure itself and rotating shaft level in the time that threshing tooth dead lever is installed, and then ensures that threshing arch-shaped teeth distributes in the shape of a spiral, thereby raising threshing efficiency, 3, because two split tunnels communicate with the cereal outlet of cylinder bottom, two circulation canals are formed, when first split tunnel is passed through in the blowing of air inlet, weeds are discharged from dividing plate top, cereal is discharged from bottom, cereal and weeds are played to the effect of Preliminary screening, due to the effect of dividing plate, distance between cylinder top is greater than 1/2nd of cylinder height, blowing under wind action and can carry out postsearch screening to cereal, the cereal that helps avoid part is mixed in quilt in weeds and is taken out of air outlet, avoid only leaning against under the vacuum suction in cylinder separating with cereal, depart from the interior space of cylinder large, cereal separates inadequate situation, strengthen the separating effect of cereal and weeds.
As preferred version, in order to improve the ease for use of rotating shaft, be convenient to change flimsy part, reduce cost and the weight of rotating shaft part simultaneously, described rotating shaft is divided into three sections, and its interlude is set to hollow.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment baby combine;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation that under the utility model embodiment baby combine, cutter gets rid of careless device;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment combine harvester cage assembly part;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment baby combine cylinder part.
embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, technical solutions of the utility model are further illustrated:
As shown in Fig. 1,2,3 and 4, the utility model provides a kind of baby combine, include walking assembly 1, engine assembly 2, ceding of Taiwan assembly 3, threshing assembly 4, go out a grain cylinder assembly 5, transmission assembly 6 and transmission manipulation assembly 7, described transmission assembly 6 is fixedly installed on walking assembly 1, and be in transmission connection between engine assembly 2 and walking assembly 1, described transmission manipulation assembly 7 is fixedly installed in walking assembly 1, and is in transmission connection in engine assembly 2, ceding of Taiwan assembly 3, threshing assembly 4 and goes out between grain cylinder assembly 5, described ceding of Taiwan assembly 3 comprises grain lifter, knife rest 31 and is arranged on the cutter 32 in knife rest 31 fronts, the rear of described knife rest 31 is provided with cutter 32 is synchronized with the movement and gets rid of straw articles, getting rid of straw articles is the vertical jagged blade 33 of oblique triangle arranging, this blade 33 is divided into two sections taking knife rest 31 centers as boundary, the cutting edge of two sections of blades 33 upwards and respectively tilts to the two ends of knife rest 31, described threshing assembly 4, comprise rotating shaft 41, terminal pad 42 and multiple threshing tooth dead lever 43, described rotating shaft 41 is divided into three sections, and its interlude is set to hollow, described rotating shaft 41 is connected with terminal pad 42 center rotatings, and described terminal pad 42 is fixedly connected with threshing tooth dead lever 43 ends, described threshing tooth dead lever 43 is around the uniform and in parallel setting of rotating shaft 41, on threshing tooth dead lever 43, be fixedly connected with along its length multiple threshing tooths 44, on described terminal pad 42, offer the spacing hole identical with threshing tooth dead lever 43 quantity near all sides, threshing tooth dead lever 43 two ends and spacing hole clamping, described threshing tooth 44 comprises threshing straight-tooth and threshing arch-shaped teeth, described threshing straight-tooth arranges also one end near threshing tooth dead lever 43 ringwise, and described threshing arch-shaped teeth distributes in the shape of a spiral, on threshing tooth dead lever 43, be fixedly connected with Lysimachia sikokiana scraper plate 46 away from one end of threshing straight-tooth, on described rotating shaft 41, be arranged with Lysimachia sikokiana baffle plate 47, Lysimachia sikokiana baffle plate 47 is between threshing arch-shaped teeth and Lysimachia sikokiana scraper plate 46. described in go out a grain cylinder assembly 5 and comprise transport tube and be arranged on the cylinder 51 of transport tube upper end, described cylinder 51 1 sides are provided with air inlet, the opposite side relative with air inlet sets out air port 52, be provided with in described cylinder 51 inside the dividing plate 53 that cylinder 51 is separated into two split tunnels, the bottom of one end of described dividing plate 53 and cylinder 51 is fixedly weldingly connected, distance between one end and cylinder 51 tops is greater than 1/2nd of cylinder height in addition, communicate with split tunnel and be provided with cereal outlet 54 in the bottom of described cylinder 51.
Above-described is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; should be understood that; for a person skilled in the art; under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention; can also make some distortion and improvement; these also should be considered as protection domain of the present utility model, and these can not affect effect and practical applicability that the utility model is implemented.

Claims (2)

1. a baby combine, include walking assembly, engine assembly, ceding of Taiwan assembly, threshing assembly, go out a grain cylinder assembly, transmission assembly manipulates assembly with transmission, described transmission assembly is fixedly installed on walking assembly, and be in transmission connection between engine assembly and walking assembly, described transmission manipulation assembly is fixedly installed in walking assembly, and is in transmission connection in engine assembly, ceding of Taiwan assembly, threshing assembly and goes out between grain cylinder assembly; It is characterized in that: described ceding of Taiwan assembly comprises grain lifter, knife rest and is arranged on the cutter in knife rest front, the rear of described knife rest is provided with cutter is synchronized with the movement and gets rid of straw articles, getting rid of straw articles is the vertical jagged blade of oblique triangle arranging, this blade is divided into two sections taking knife rest center as boundary, and the cutting edge of two sections of blades upwards and respectively tilts to the two ends of knife rest; Described threshing assembly, comprises rotating shaft, terminal pad and multiple threshing tooth dead lever, and described rotating shaft is connected with terminal pad center rotating, and described terminal pad is fixedly connected with threshing tooth dead lever end; Described threshing tooth dead lever, around the uniform and in parallel setting of rotating shaft, is fixedly connected with multiple threshing tooths along its length on threshing tooth dead lever, on described terminal pad, offer the spacing hole identical with threshing tooth dead lever quantity near all sides; Described threshing tooth comprises threshing straight-tooth and threshing arch-shaped teeth, and described threshing straight-tooth arranges also one end near threshing tooth dead lever ringwise, and described threshing arch-shaped teeth distributes in the shape of a spiral; On threshing tooth dead lever, be fixedly connected with Lysimachia sikokiana scraper plate away from one end of threshing straight-tooth, be arranged with Lysimachia sikokiana baffle plate on described rotating shaft, Lysimachia sikokiana baffle plate is between threshing arch-shaped teeth and Lysimachia sikokiana scraper plate; Described go out a grain cylinder assembly comprise transport tube and be arranged on the cylinder of transport tube upper end, described cylinder one side is provided with air inlet, the opposite side relative with air inlet sets out air port, be provided with in described cylinder inside the dividing plate that cylinder is separated into two split tunnels, one end of described dividing plate is connected with the bottom of cylinder, distance between one end and cylinder top is greater than 1/2nd of cylinder height in addition, communicates and is provided with cereal outlet in the bottom of described cylinder with split tunnel.
2. baby combine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described rotating shaft is divided into three sections, and its interlude is set to hollow.
CN201420231294.4U 2014-05-08 2014-05-08 Small combine harvester Expired - Fee Related CN203801282U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420231294.4U CN203801282U (en) 2014-05-08 2014-05-08 Small combine harvester

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420231294.4U CN203801282U (en) 2014-05-08 2014-05-08 Small combine harvester

Publications (1)

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CN203801282U true CN203801282U (en) 2014-09-03

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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103918401A (en) * 2014-05-08 2014-07-16 重庆旭田农业机械有限公司 Small combine harvester
CN107852940A (en) * 2017-11-07 2018-03-30 重庆博新农业开发有限公司 A kind of mowing apparatus with screening function

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103918401A (en) * 2014-05-08 2014-07-16 重庆旭田农业机械有限公司 Small combine harvester
CN103918401B (en) * 2014-05-08 2016-10-26 重庆旭田农业机械有限公司 Baby combine
CN107852940A (en) * 2017-11-07 2018-03-30 重庆博新农业开发有限公司 A kind of mowing apparatus with screening function

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140903

Termination date: 20180508

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee