CN203792723U - 3D (Three-Dimensional) printer - Google Patents

3D (Three-Dimensional) printer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203792723U
CN203792723U CN201420103888.7U CN201420103888U CN203792723U CN 203792723 U CN203792723 U CN 203792723U CN 201420103888 U CN201420103888 U CN 201420103888U CN 203792723 U CN203792723 U CN 203792723U
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China
Prior art keywords
axis
holder
hole
column
plate
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CN201420103888.7U
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Chinese (zh)
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隗德民
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University of Jinan
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University of Jinan
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a 3D (Three-Dimensional) printer. The 3D printer comprises a rack, a base, an X-axis moving system, a Y-axis moving system, a Z-axis moving system and a printing device, wherein the rack comprises a left stand column, a right stand column, an upper connection plate and a lower connection plate; the upper connection plate and the lower connection plate are connected to the left stand column and the right stand column, respectively; the base is connected to the lower connection plate; the upper connection plate is connected to a printing supply connection rack which is connected to a printing supply fixing plate; the printing device is connected to the X-axis moving system; the X-axis moving system is connected to the Z-axis moving system; the Z-axis moving system is connected to guide rails of the left stand column and the right stand column; the Y-axis moving system is connected to the base; an X-axis moving guide rail is arranged in the X-axis moving system and used for moving the printing device; a power supply and a controller are arranged at the bottom of the base and connected with each other; the controller is connected to the X-axis moving system, the Y-axis moving system, the Z-axis moving system and the printing device. The 3D printer is simple and compact in structure, small in size and low in production cost.

Description

A kind of 3D printer
Technical field
The utility model relates to 3D printer technology field, relates in particular to a kind of 3D printer.
Background technology
Along with three-dimensional printer technical development, its application is more and more extensive, the market demand increases rapidly, three-dimensional DIY crowd is increasing simultaneously, but owing to printing with three-dimensional printer, spare and accessory parts cost is high, efficiency is low, while is due to the 3D printer arrangement more complicated of prior art, volume ratio is large, structure is not compact, and buying and use and maintenance cost are higher, have limited consumer's use market and scale.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is exactly the problems referred to above that exist for solving prior art, and a kind of 3D printer is provided; Simple in structure, compact, volume is little, and cost of manufacture is low, has met the consumption demand of current growing 3D printer.
The technical scheme of the utility model technical solution problem is:
A 3D printer, comprises frame, base, X-axis mobile system, Y-axis mobile system, Z axis mobile system, printing equipment, described frame 1 comprises the left column of the left and right sides, right column and lower connecting plate, upper junction plate, described lower connecting plate, upper junction plate respectively with left column, right column connects, and base is connected with lower connecting plate, and upper junction plate is connected with printing consumables link, printing consumables link is provided with printing consumables fixed disk, described printing equipment is connected with X-axis mobile system, and described X-axis mobile system is connected with Z axis mobile system, described left column, right column is provided with column guide rail, and Z axis mobile system is connected with column guide rail, and Y-axis mobile system is connected with base, and described X-axis mobile system is provided with the X-axis moving guide rail that printhead moves, and described base bottom is provided with the power supply being connected, controller, controller is connected with power supply, described controller and X-axis mobile system, Y-axis mobile system, Z axis mobile system, printing equipment connects, and described controller adopts single-chip microcomputer, and power supply is that output voltage is DC12V dc source.
Described Y-axis mobile system comprises the Y-axis moving guide rail of level, the second numerical-control motor, described Y-axis mobile system is connected with base by Y-axis moving guide rail, base top is provided with front holder, rear holder, Y-axis moving guide rail is by front holder, rear holder is connected with base, the second numerical-control motor is located at the base bottom near front holder one side, the second numerical-control motor output shaft protuberate basic unit upper surface, be connected with the second gear, the second gear is connected with the second synchromesh gear belt, the second synchromesh gear belt is connected with second driven pulley of rear holder one end, the second synchromesh gear belt is provided with the second contiguous block, the second contiguous block is connected with auxiliary connecting plate, described Y-axis mobile system is connected with base by Y-axis moving guide rail, the base of guide rail lower side position is provided with Y-axis limit switch, Y-axis limit switch coordinates with auxiliary connecting plate, auxiliary connecting plate top is connected with working face heating plate by buffer structure, working face heating plate bottom is provided with temperature of heating plate sensor, temperature of heating plate sensor is connected with controller, the second numerical-control motor, heating plate is connected with power supply.
Described front holder, rear holder and base are provided with connecting hole, base bottom is provided with supplemental support leg, supplemental support leg is provided with connecting hole, described front holder connecting hole or rear holder connecting hole are coaxial with base connecting hole and the supplemental support leg connecting hole of relevant position respectively, the front holder of coaxial aperture, base and supplemental support leg are connected by screw, the rear holder of coaxial aperture, base and supplemental support leg are connected by screw, supplemental support leg bottom is provided with external screw thread, and external screw thread coordinates with height adjusting nut; Described auxiliary connecting plate is rectangular thin plate, corner location near rectangular thin plate is provided with screwed hole, working face heating plate is provided with connecting hole, auxiliary connecting plate is connected by the first screw with working face heating plate, screw is provided with Compress Spring, Compress Spring is located between auxiliary connecting plate and working face heating plate, keeps the level of working face heating plate by adjusting the stroke of Compress Spring; The square section bar that it is T-shaped groove shapes that described left column, right column adopt cross section is made, wherein the corresponding T-shaped groove in each column left and right sides is as column guide rail, described lower connecting plate, upper junction plate are connected with left column, right column by the bolt with T-shaped groove fit, nut respectively, and nut is stuck in T-shaped groove.
Described Z axis mobile system comprises two the 3rd numerical-control motors, left side leading screw and right side leading screw, left side Z axis holder and right side Z axis holder, the 3rd limit switch, described the 3rd numerical-control motor is located at left column, the base bottom of right column both sides, described left side leading screw, right side leading screw is located at respectively left column, right column outside, the 3rd numerical-control motor output shaft protuberate basic unit upper surface is connected with leading screw lower end, leading screw upper end is connected with upper fixed cap, upper cover is connected with upper junction plate, leading screw is provided with feed screw nut, described feed screw nut is connected with left side Z axis holder and right side Z axis holder respectively, left side Z axis holder and right side Z axis holder are connected with difference X-axis mobile system, Z axis holder is provided with holder through hole, left column, right column passes from holder through hole, along left column, the holder through hole both sides of right column two root post center line place planes are respectively equipped with level connection joint hole, level connection joint is provided with connecting axle in hole, connecting axle is provided with bearing, described bearing coordinates with column guide rail, described left side leading screw, right side leading screw axis and left column, right column center line is coplanar on left and right directions, the 3rd limit switch is located at column bottom, left side near the upper end surface of base, the 3rd limit switch coordinates with the lower end of left side Z axis holder, described the 3rd limit switch is connected with controller.
Described the 3rd limit switch is connected with left column by limit switch fixed block, limit switch fixed block top is provided with the perpendicular grooves of mounting limit switch, near perpendicular grooves middle part, be provided with horizontal groove, perpendicular grooves bottom is provided with metallic channel, the wire that limit switch inner side is connected with binding post is outwards derived from metallic channel, and fixed block bottom is provided with body connecting hole, is provided with fixed block body bolt in body connecting hole, fixed block body bolts and nuts coordinate, and nut coordinates with column guide rail; In described horizontal groove, be provided with spring steel wire, described spring steel wire coordinates with the limit switch fixing hole of limit switch, two sidewall contacts of the two ends of spring steel wire and horizontal groove, spring is made as arcuate structure, or middle part and limit switch fixing hole mating part employing straightway, both sides bend with middle part respectively, limit switch bottom contacts with perpendicular grooves bottom and the end contact of location, limit switch front end face and column track is also located.
Z axis holder top, described left side is provided with metallic channel, chassis left side is provided with wire through-hole, base right side is provided with press button, each numerical-control motor, limit switch, and the wire of sensor passes from wire through-hole, controller, power supply is located at base bottom, the output voltage of described power supply is DC12V dc source, described DC12V dc source is connected with the binding post of press button by power interface, press button is connected with 220V AC power, described power interface is located at base bottom, base is provided with button connecting hole, press button is fixed on button connecting hole, the binding post of press button is in base bottom.
Described X-axis mobile system comprise the first numerical-control motor, with Y-axis moving guide rail spatially vertically disposed horizontal X axle moving guide rail, the first limit switch, X-axis moving guide rail is connected with left side Z axis holder and right side Z axis holder respectively, the first limit switch is connected with Z axis holder bottom, the first limit switch coordinates with the support arm end, left side of the link of printing equipment, and described the first limit switch is connected with controller, the first numerical-control motor is located at the Z axis holder bottom in leading screw outside, left side, the outstanding Z axis holder of the first numerical-control motor output shaft upper surface, be provided with the first synchromesh gear, the Z axis holder upper surface, right side in leading screw outside, right side is provided with the first driven pulley, two left side leading screws of axis runout of the first numerical-control motor output shaft and the first driven pulley, plane one side at leading screw axis place, right side, described the first numerical-control motor is connected with the first synchronous cog belt, the first synchronous cog belt is connected with printing equipment, the Z axis holder upper surface of both sides is respectively provided with a directive wheel, each described directive wheel axis is located between the leading screw and column of Z axis holder at place, and depart from the opposite side of the plane at two leading screw axis places, the axis of two directive wheel axis and the first numerical-control motor output shaft and the first driven pulley is distributed in the both sides of two leading screw axis place planes.
Described printing equipment comprises extrudes printhead, link, feed mechanism, the left side support arm of described link, right side support arm are connected, along X-axis moving guide rail, move axially with X-axis moving guide rail, feed mechanism is arranged on link, extrudes printhead and is connected with link bottom, the described printhead of extruding comprises printhead, printing consumables fairlead, printhead top is connected with heater, heater is provided with temperature sensor, temperature sensor is connected with controller, heater top is provided with heat insulating mattress, heat insulating mattress top is connected with collet, collet top is connected with thermal insulation board, thermal insulation board is connected with the printhead connecting plate on top, printhead connecting plate is connected with link bottom, printhead inside is provided with the printhead cavity that holds printing consumables molten mass, described heater, collet, printhead connecting plate is provided with axially extending bore, the axially extending bore of heater is communicated with printhead cavity, , described link bottom and printhead connecting plate are provided with predetermined distance in the vertical direction, printhead connecting plate and heater by collet in the predetermined distance of axially-spaced, described printhead top is provided with external screw thread, heater is provided with internal thread, the two is connected printhead and heater by internal and external threads, collet top is provided with ring flange, thermal insulation board comprises thermal insulation board, lower thermal insulation board, described upper thermal insulation board, lower thermal insulation board adopts the good materials of thermal diffusivity such as aluminium sheet, the upper thermal insulation board of ring flange and both sides, lower thermal insulation board connects by metal bolts, upper thermal insulation board is connected with printhead connecting plate, between upper thermal insulation board and printhead connecting plate, be provided with long metal nuts, metal nuts and lower bolt, upper bolt connects, upper thermal insulation board, lower thermal insulation board, collet flange is connected with the bottom of metal nuts by lower bolt, link, printhead connecting plate is connected with metal nuts top by upper bolt, the lower surface of link, the upper surface of printhead connecting plate is provided with the locking nut coordinating with upper bolt.
On the left side support arm of described link, along X-axis moving guide rail, be axially arranged with the first groove, at the first groove, be provided with the first trip bolt hole, on the support arm of right side, along X-axis moving guide rail, be axially arranged with the second groove, at the second groove, be provided with the second trip bolt hole, described the first groove is provided with the teeth groove being meshed with the first synchromesh gear belt, the left end of the first synchromesh gear belt and the first engagement, and lock by the first trip bolt in the first trip bolt hole, the right-hand member of the first synchromesh gear belt bends inwards, the teeth groove of both sides, bending part and tooth top corresponding matching, contact formative gear band overlapping region, gear band overlapping region and the second groove fit, and lock by the second trip bolt in the second trip bolt hole, described feed mechanism comprises the 4th numerical-control motor, drive sprocket axle, follower shaft, the 4th numerical-control motor output shaft is provided with the first gear, drive sprocket axle is provided with the second gear, the first gear and the engagement of the second gear, supporting seat is provided with the supporting seat slotted eye of up/down perforation along the middle part of fore-and-aft direction, drive sprocket axle is connected with both sides before and after supporting seat by bearing, the centre of drive sprocket axle is provided with printing consumables driving wheel, in the middle of follower shaft, be provided with driven pulley, printing consumables driving wheel, driven pulley is located in supporting seat slotted eye, before and after supporting seat, both sides are provided with long slot bore, follower shaft is connected with long slot bore by the back shaft end of both sides, back shaft end is radially provided with the horizontally-guided hole of perforation vertical with follower shaft, the axis of described pilot hole and follower shaft axis intersect vertically in horizontal plane, link is provided with driven pulley horizontal level set screw connecting hole, set screw with from set screw connecting hole, be connected, the dead in line of set screw connecting hole axis and pilot hole, printing consumables is pressed in printing consumables driving wheel by the second Compress Spring of being located in set screw, between driven pulley, the first compression mode is: drive sprocket axle bearing mounting hole and long slot bore separate by the side between long slot bore and drive sprocket axle bearing mounting hole, the thin end of set screw is from pilot hole stretches out, coordinate with the 3rd Compress Spring, one end of the 3rd Compress Spring is connected with long slot bore side, one end coordinates with the step at set screw end rear portion, described set screw is provided with adjusting nut, locking nut, on link, be also provided with the adjusting hole connecting with long slot bore, described adjusting nut, locking nut is located at adjusting hole position, by locking nut, set screw and link are fixed, the second Compress Spring is located in the set screw supporting between axle head and adjusting nut, like this after unclamping the second Compress Spring, under the elastic force effect of the 3rd Compress Spring, driven pulley and printing consumables disengage, the advance and retreat of manual adjustment printing consumables easily, the second compression mode is: drive sprocket axle bearing mounting hole is the structure being communicated with long slot bore, the end of set screw coordinates with pilot hole, thereby omit the 3rd Compress Spring, gap between printing consumables driving wheel and driven pulley outer surface is less than the diameter dimension of printing consumables, described set screw is provided with adjusting nut, locking nut, on link, be also provided with the adjusting hole connecting with long slot bore, described adjusting nut, locking nut is located at adjusting hole position, by locking nut, set screw and link are fixed, the second Compress Spring is located in the set screw supporting between axle head and adjusting nut, elastic force by the second Compress Spring is pressed on printing consumables between printing consumables driving wheel and driven pulley.
Described base, front holder, rear holder, Z axis holder, link adopt transparent polymethyl methacrylate materials to make.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:
1. the utility model is simple in structure, compact, and volume is little, and cost of manufacture is low, meets the consumption demand of current growing 3D printer.
2. the front holder of coaxial aperture, base, and supplemental support leg is connected by screw, the rear holder of coaxial aperture, base, and supplemental support leg is connected by screw, supplemental support leg bottom is provided with external screw thread, external screw thread coordinates with height adjusting nut, by regulating the axial location of supplemental support leg and height adjusting nut, make supplemental support leg and frame bottom on same horizontal plane, play a supporting role, the level that keeps base, with base respectively with front holder, rear holder and supplemental support leg syndeton structure compared are simpler, reduced the connecting hole processing quantity on base, and assembling is simple, avoided repeatedly gradation assembling, reduced the amount of labour, improved efficiency of assembling, auxiliary connecting plate is connected by the first screw with working face heating plate, and screw is provided with Compress Spring, and Compress Spring is located between auxiliary connecting plate and working face heating plate, and the stroke that can adjust easily Compress Spring keeps the level of working face heating plate.The square section bar that it is T-shaped groove shapes that left column, right column adopt cross section is made, wherein the corresponding T-shaped groove in each column left and right sides is as column guide rail, described lower connecting plate, upper junction plate are connected with left column, right column by the bolt with T-shaped groove fit, nut respectively, nut is stuck in T-shaped groove, by T-shaped groove and the nut matching, bolt connecting mode, reduced the processing cost that is connected parts, location is reliable, easy accessibility, all around four sides is all groove structure in addition, and groove structure has alleviated the quality of complete machine.Section bar of the present utility model can adopt the material of aluminium section bar to make, and with the part that market is general, processes, and has improved production efficiency, has reduced production cost.
3. power supply, controller, power interface etc. are located at bottom base, wire unification is passed from wire through-hole, can make full use of base bottom space, center of gravity is low, and base plate top is neat, safe and reliable.
4. cross collet is set, thermal insulation board, printhead connecting plate, and metal bolts, nut connects, increased area of dissipation, make heater conductive or be radiated top heat be absorbed and distribute, reduce the impact of high temperature on support walking mechanism, thereby other parts that reduce the link on top and install are because receive distortion and the damage that heat causes more, the dependability and the life-span that extend link and superincumbent parts are installed, can reduce the vertical range of printhead and link simultaneously, reduce the height dimension of complete machine, thereby link can adopt plastic stool lightweight material, to alleviate overall mass.The optimization process of radiator structure.
5. the first synchromesh gear belt left end and the first engagement, fixing reliable and be convenient to fixed disassembly, the mode that adopts the right-hand member of the first synchromesh gear belt to bend inwards, the teeth groove of both sides, bending part and tooth top corresponding matching, contact formative gear band overlapping region, because the outside of the first synchromesh gear belt is level and smooth outer surface, when outer surface coordinates with two end faces of the second groove, contact-making surface is smooth, contact-making surface is large, easily by the second trip bolt, lock reliably, when the first synchromesh gear belt wear or when loosening, by adjusting the second trip bolt, make it in suitable elasticity fastening with the second groove of right side support arm, keep fixing reliably, realize the mobile accuracy of printhead, reduced often regulating the dismounting existing and adjust inconvenient problem owing to needing after belt wearing and tearing of bringing by belt transmission in prior art, extended the service life of the first synchromesh gear belt, reduced use and maintenance cost.
6. while using, printing consumables from supporting seat slotted eye, enter the gap between printing consumables driving wheel and driven pulley and pass, driven pulley can adopt bearing empty set to exist, the output axis of the axis of drive sprocket axle, the axis of follower shaft and the 4th numerical-control motor is on same horizontal plane back shaft, the elastic force of the position by mobile adjusting nut in set screw, adjustment the second Compress Spring, make printing consumables between printing consumables driving wheel, driven pulley, be subject to different clamping forces, keep printing consumables to be fed to reliably, continuously printhead.By being provided with link long slot bore in link both sides, adjusting nut, horizontally-guided hole, driven pulley horizontal level set screw connecting hole, the structures such as adjusting hole with long slot bore perforation, can regulate easily the position of driven pulley, the suitable distance that keeps driven pulley and printing consumables driving wheel, make printing consumables be subject to suitable frictional force, and import in printhead downwards with suitable speed, and by horizontally-guided hole, realized the axial restraint of follower shaft, the complex structure of having avoided other axial restraint and fastening means to exist, install and dismantle inconvenience and adjust loaded down with trivial details problem, reduced the size of frame simultaneously, rack construction is compacter.
7. by the first, compress mode, after unclamping the second Compress Spring, under the elastic force effect of the 3rd Compress Spring, driven pulley and printing consumables disengage, easily the advance and retreat of manual adjustment printing consumables; By the second, compress mode, omit the 3rd Compress Spring, the gap between printing consumables driving wheel and driven pulley outer surface is less than the diameter dimension of printing consumables, more compact structure, and volume is less.
8. adopt transparent polymethyl methacrylate materials, can be clear that and these respective outer side edges, or cooperation and the motion state of the parts that connect, be convenient to understand intuitively position and annexation and motion state between them, be specially adapted to as three-dimensional printing technology demonstration machine, because transparency is high, its internal structure, running status overall process is simple and clear, for the student who learns by engineering test in places such as schools, deepen cognition and the impression to relevant knowledges such as the internal structure of product component and annexations, strengthen creativity and results of learning and have great advantage.Also can be on base plate cladding thickness 1mmd black or grey plastic plate, increase complete machine stereovision, appearance looks elegant.Adopt transparent polymethyl methacrylate materials simultaneously, can utilize laser processing technology, Wire EDM, multiple-layer stacked building block system builds and realizes complicated stereo function, facilitates batch machining.
9.5. the strain by spring steel wire keep and two sidewalls between pressure make the two close contact, spring is made as to arcuate structure or middle part and limit switch fixing hole mating part and adopts straightway, both sides bend with middle part respectively, adopt both sides respectively with middle part bending structure, by the pressure contact of the pre-sizing between the two ends of spring steel wire and two sidewalls of horizontal groove, the sidewall of horizontal groove deforms, make spring steel wire in horizontal groove, there is directed auto-lock function, while applying horizontal thrust to binding post one side in the horizontal direction limit switch, limit switch is to binding post one side shifting, when applied thrust round about due to the effect of spring steel wire and horizontal groove, there is local microdeformation in horizontal groove inwall, stressed more large deformation is larger, the auto-lock function with this direction, limit switch does not produce movement.Pot life bit switch bottom contacts and locates with perpendicular grooves bottom, the end contact of limit switch front end face and column track location, limit switch is located and reliable clamping on limit switch fixed block, by fixed block body bolts and nuts, coordinate simultaneously, nut coordinates with column guide rail, by adjusting bolt, coordinate elasticity with nut, be easy to regulate the position of limit switch fixed block on column, to adapt to the requirement of the short transverse when printing different product, simultaneously because auxiliary connecting plate is connected with working face heating plate by buffer structure, working face heating plate also can regulate flatness and height, keep the accurate distance between printhead and working face heating plate, initial molten mass is combined firmly with working face heating plate, guarantee the quality of printing.Perpendicular grooves bottom is provided with metallic channel, and the wire that limit switch inner side is connected with binding post is outwards derived, played a protective role from metallic channel, avoids the fretting wear of wire, simultaneously compact conformation.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the upward view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is that Figure 1A is to view;
Fig. 5 is the D partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 is the cutaway view of A-A the first embodiment of Fig. 5;
Fig. 6-1st, the cutaway view of A-A the second embodiment of Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is the C-C cutaway view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 8 is the A partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 4;
Fig. 9 is the B partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 4;
Figure 10 is limit switch fixed block and limit switch combining structure schematic diagram;
Figure 11 is the left view of Figure 10;
Figure 12 is spring steel wire structural representation.
The specific embodiment
In order to understand better the utility model, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, explain in detail embodiment of the present utility model.
As shown in Fig. 1 to 12, a kind of 3D printer, comprises frame 1, base 2, X-axis mobile system 3, Y-axis mobile system 4, Z axis mobile system 5, printing equipment 6, described frame 1 comprises the left column 101 of the left and right sides, right column 102 and lower connecting plate 103, upper junction plate 104, described lower connecting plate 103, upper junction plate 104 respectively with left column 101, right column 102 connects, base 2 is connected with lower connecting plate 103, upper junction plate 104 is connected with printing consumables link 7, printing consumables link 7 is provided with printing consumables fixed disk 701, described printing equipment 6 is connected with X-axis mobile system 3, described X-axis mobile system 3 is connected with Z axis mobile system 5, described left column 101, right column 102 is provided with column guide rail, and Z axis mobile system 5 is connected with column guide rail, and Y-axis mobile system 4 is connected with base 2, and described X-axis mobile system 3 is provided with the X-axis moving guide rail 302 that printhead moves, and described base 2 bottoms are provided with the power supply 8 being connected, controller 9, controller 9 is connected with power supply 8, described controller 9 and X-axis mobile system 3, Y-axis mobile system 4, Z axis mobile system 5, printing equipment 6 connects, and described controller adopts single-chip microcomputer.
Described left column 101, it is the square section bar making of four T-shaped groove shapes that right column 102 adopts cross section, wherein the corresponding T-shaped groove 105 in each column left and right sides is as column guide rail, described lower connecting plate 103, upper junction plate 104 is respectively by the bolt and the left column 101 that coordinate with T-shaped groove 105, right column 102 connects, nut is stuck in T-shaped groove 105, by T-shaped groove and the nut that matches, bolt connecting mode, reduced the processing cost that is connected parts, location is reliable, easy accessibility, all around four sides is all groove structure in addition, groove structure has alleviated the quality of complete machine.Square section bar of the present utility model can adopt the material of aluminium section bar to make.Adopt the general part in market to process, improved production efficiency, reduced production cost.
Described Y-axis mobile system 4 comprises the Y-axis moving guide rail 401 of level, the second numerical-control motor 402, described base 2 tops are provided with front holder 201, rear holder 202, Y-axis moving guide rail 401 is by front holder 201, rear holder 202 is connected with base 2, the second numerical-control motor 402 is located at the base bottom near front holder 201 1 sides, the second numerical-control motor 402 output shaft protuberate basic unit upper surfaces, be connected 403 with the second gear, the second gear 403 is connected with the second synchromesh gear belt 404, the second synchromesh gear belt 404 is connected with second driven pulley 405 of rear holder one end, the second synchromesh gear belt 404 is provided with the second contiguous block 406, the second contiguous block 406 is connected with auxiliary connecting plate 407, described Y-axis mobile system 4 is connected with base 2 by Y-axis moving guide rail 401, the base 2 of guide rail 401 lower side position is provided with Y-axis limit switch 420Y axle limit switch 420 and coordinates with auxiliary connecting plate 407, after contacting with Y-axis limit switch 420 when auxiliary connecting plate 407 moves to desired location, stop mobile, auxiliary connecting plate 407 tops are connected with working face heating plate 409 by buffer structure, working face heating plate 409 bottoms are provided with temperature of heating plate sensor 410, temperature of heating plate sensor 410 is connected with controller 9, the second numerical-control motor 402, heating plate 409 is connected with power supply 8.
Described auxiliary connecting plate 408 is rectangular thin plate, corner location near rectangular thin plate is provided with screwed hole, working face heating plate 409 is provided with connecting hole, auxiliary connecting plate 408 is connected by the first screw 412 with working face heating plate 409, screw is provided with Compress Spring 411, Compress Spring 411 is located between auxiliary connecting plate 408 and working face heating plate 409, keeps the level of working face heating plate by adjusting the stroke of Compress Spring.
Described front holder 201, rear holder 202 and base 2 are provided with connecting hole, base bottom is provided with supplemental support leg 203, supplemental support leg 203 is provided with connecting hole, described front holder connecting hole, or rear holder connecting hole respectively with the base connecting hole of relevant position, and supplemental support leg connecting hole is coaxial, the front holder of coaxial aperture, base, and supplemental support leg is connected by screw, the rear holder of coaxial aperture, base, and supplemental support leg is connected by screw, supplemental support leg 203 bottoms are provided with external screw thread, external screw thread coordinates with height adjusting nut 204, by regulating the axial location of supplemental support leg 203 and height adjusting nut 204, make supplemental support leg and frame bottom on same horizontal plane, play a supporting role, the level that keeps base.By the front holder of coaxial aperture, rear holder, be connected through screw with base and the supplemental support leg of relevant position respectively, simpler with front holder, rear holder and supplemental support leg syndeton respectively than base, reduced the connecting hole processing quantity on base, and assembling is simple, avoided repeatedly gradation assembling, reduced the amount of labour, improved efficiency of assembling.
Described Z axis mobile system 5 comprises two the 3rd numerical-control motors 501, left side leading screw and right side leading screw 502, left side Z axis holder and right side Z axis holder 503, the 3rd limit switch 505, described the 3rd numerical-control motor 501 is located at left column 101, the base bottom of right column 102 both sides, described left side leading screw, right side leading screw 502 is located at respectively left column 101, right column 102 outsides, the 3rd numerical-control motor output shaft protuberate basic unit upper surface is connected with leading screw lower end, leading screw upper end is connected with upper fixed cap 511, upper cover 503 is connected with upper junction plate 104, leading screw 502 is provided with feed screw nut 504, described feed screw nut 504 is connected with left side Z axis holder and right side Z axis holder 503 respectively, left side Z axis holder and right side Z axis holder 503 are connected with difference X-axis mobile system 3, Z axis holder 503 is provided with holder through hole 507, left column 101, right column 102 passes from holder through hole 507, along left column 101, the holder through hole both sides of 102 liang of root post center line place planes of right column are respectively equipped with level connection joint hole, in level connection joint hole, be provided with connecting axle 509, connecting axle is provided with bearing 508, described bearing 508 coordinates with column guide rail 105, described left side leading screw, right side leading screw axis and left column 101, right column 102 center lines are coplanar on left and right directions, the 3rd limit switch 505 is located at column bottom, left side near the upper end surface of base, the 3rd limit switch 505 coordinates with the lower end of left side Z axis holder 503, described the 3rd limit switch 505 is connected with controller.
Described the 3rd limit switch 505 is connected with left column 101 by limit switch fixed block 510, described limit switch fixed block 510 tops are provided with the perpendicular grooves 5101 of mounting limit switch, near perpendicular grooves 5101 middle parts, be provided with horizontal groove 5102, perpendicular grooves bottom is provided with metallic channel 5103, the wire 5108 that limit switch inner side is connected with binding post 5109 is outwards derived from metallic channel 5103, fixed block bottom is provided with body connecting hole 5104, in body connecting hole 5104, be provided with fixed block body bolt 5105, fixed block body bolt 5105 coordinates with nut 5106, nut 5106 coordinates with column guide rail 105, in described horizontal groove 5102, be provided with spring steel wire 5107, described spring steel wire 5107 coordinates with the limit switch fixing hole of limit switch, two sidewall contacts of the two ends of spring steel wire 5107 and horizontal groove 5102, strain by spring steel wire 5107 keep and two sidewalls between pressure make the two close contact, for increasing spring force, spring is made as to arcuate structure or middle part and limit switch fixing hole mating part and adopts straightway, both sides bend with middle part respectively, adopt both sides respectively with middle part bending structure, by the pressure contact of the pre-sizing between the two ends of spring steel wire 5107 and two sidewalls of horizontal groove 5102, the sidewall of horizontal groove 5102 deforms, make spring steel wire 5107 in horizontal groove 5102, there is directed auto-lock function, while applying horizontal thrust to binding post 5,109 one sides in the horizontal direction limit switch, limit switch is to binding post 5,109 one side shiftings, when applied thrust round about due to the effect of spring steel wire 5107 with horizontal groove 5102, there is local microdeformation in horizontal groove 5102 inwalls, stressed more large deformation is larger, the auto-lock function with this direction, limit switch does not produce movement.Pot life bit switch bottom contacts and locates with perpendicular grooves 5101 bottoms, the end contact of limit switch front end face and column track location, limit switch is located and reliable clamping on limit switch fixed block 510, by fixed block body bolt 5105, coordinate with nut 5106 simultaneously, nut 5106 coordinates with column guide rail 105, by adjusting bolt, coordinate elasticity with nut, be easy to regulate the position of limit switch fixed block 510 on column, to adapt to the requirement of the short transverse when printing different product, simultaneously because auxiliary connecting plate 407 is connected with working face heating plate 409 by buffer structure, working face heating plate 409 also can regulate flatness and height, keep the accurate distance between printhead and working face heating plate 409, make initial molten mass and working face heating plate 409 in conjunction with firm, guarantee the quality of printing.
Z axis holder 503 tops, described left side are provided with metallic channel 506, chassis left side is provided with wire through-hole 207, base right side is provided with press button 209, each numerical-control motor, limit switch, and the wire of sensor passes from wire through-hole 207, controller, power supply is located at base bottom, the output voltage of described power supply is DC12V dc source, described DC12V dc source is connected with the binding post of press button 209 by power interface 208, press button 209 is connected with 220V AC power, described power interface is located at base bottom, base is provided with button connecting hole, press button 209 is fixed on button connecting hole, the binding post of press button is in base bottom.Power supply, controller, power interface etc. are located at bottom base, and wire unification is passed from wire through-hole 207, can make full use of base bottom space, center of gravity is low, and base plate top is neat, safe and reliable.
Described X-axis mobile system 3 comprise the first numerical-control motor 301, with Y-axis moving guide rail spatially vertically disposed horizontal X axle moving guide rail 302, the first limit switch 303, X-axis moving guide rail 302 is connected with left side Z axis holder and right side Z axis holder 503 respectively, the first limit switch 303 is connected with Z axis holder bottom, the first limit switch 303 coordinates with the support arm end, left side of the link of printing equipment, and described the first limit switch 303 is connected with controller.When the link of printing equipment is moved to the left, when support arm end, left side touches the first limit switch contact, link stops mobile.
Described the first numerical-control motor 301 is located at the Z axis holder bottom in leading screw 502 outsides, left side, the outstanding Z axis holder of the first numerical-control motor 301 output shafts upper surface, be provided with the first synchromesh gear 307, the Z axis holder upper surface, right side in right side leading screw 502 outsides is provided with the first driven pulley 306, two left side leading screws of axis runout of the first numerical-control motor output shaft and the first driven pulley, plane one side at right side leading screw 502 axis places, described the first numerical-control motor 301 is connected with the first synchronous cog belt 304, the first synchronous cog belt 304 is connected with printing equipment 6, Z axis holder 503 upper surfaces of both sides are respectively provided with a directive wheel 305, each described directive wheel axis is located between the leading screw 502 and column of Z axis holder 503 at place, and depart from the opposite side of the plane at two leading screw axis places, the axis of two directive wheel axis and the first numerical-control motor output shaft and the first driven pulley is distributed in the both sides of two leading screw axis place planes 308.
Described printing equipment 6 comprises extrudes printhead 601, link 602, feed mechanism 603, the left side support arm 604 of described link 602, right side support arm 605 are connected, along X-axis moving guide rail, move axially with X-axis moving guide rail 302, feed mechanism 603 is arranged on link 602, extrudes printhead 601 and is connected with link 602 bottoms.
The described printhead 601 of extruding comprises printhead 6011, printing consumables fairlead 6012, printhead 6011 tops are connected with heater 6013, heater 6013 is provided with temperature sensor 6014, temperature sensor 6014 is connected with controller 9, heater 6013 tops are provided with heat insulating mattress 6016, heat insulating mattress 6021 tops are connected with collet 6015, collet 6015 tops are connected with thermal insulation board, thermal insulation board is connected with the printhead connecting plate 6017 on top, printhead connecting plate 6017 is connected with link 602 bottoms, printhead inside is provided with the printhead cavity that holds printing consumables molten mass, described heater 6013, collet 6015, printhead connecting plate 6017 is provided with axially extending bore, the axially extending bore of heater 6013 is communicated with printhead cavity, printing consumables fairlead 6012 is connected with collet 6015 through after the axially extending bore of printhead connecting plate 6017, printing consumables passes between printing consumables driving wheel and driven pulley, from the endoporus of printing consumables fairlead, pass, after the axially extending bore of arrival heater, carry out preheating, then enter the melting of printhead cavity, described link bottom and printhead connecting plate 6017 are provided with predetermined distance in the vertical direction, printhead connecting plate 6017 passes through collet 6015 in the predetermined distance of axially-spaced with heater 6013, described printhead 6011 tops are provided with external screw thread, heater 6013 is provided with internal thread, the two is connected printhead and heater by internal and external threads, collet 6015 tops are provided with ring flange 6018, thermal insulation board comprises thermal insulation board 6019, lower thermal insulation board 6020, described upper thermal insulation board 6019, lower thermal insulation board 6020 adopts the good materials of thermal diffusivity such as aluminium sheet, the upper thermal insulation board 6019 of ring flange and both sides, lower thermal insulation board 6020 connects by metal bolts, upper thermal insulation board 6019 is connected with printhead connecting plate, between upper thermal insulation board 6019 and printhead connecting plate 6017, be provided with long metal nuts 6023, metal nuts 6023 and lower bolt 6022, upper bolt 6021 connects, upper thermal insulation board 6019, lower thermal insulation board 6020, collet 6015 flanges are connected with the bottom of metal nuts 6023 by lower bolt 6022, link 602, printhead connecting plate 6017 is connected with metal nuts 6023 tops by upper bolt 6021, the lower surface of link 602, the upper surface of printhead connecting plate 6017 is provided with the locking nut 6024 coordinating with upper bolt 6021, by locking nut 6024, adjust the distance of link 602 and printhead connecting plate and be locked.By collet is set, thermal insulation board, printhead connecting plate, and metal bolts, nut connects, increased area of dissipation, make heater conductive or be radiated top heat be absorbed and distribute, reduce the impact of high temperature on support walking mechanism, thereby other parts that reduce the link on top and install are because receive distortion and the damage that heat causes more, the dependability and the life-span that extend link and superincumbent parts are installed, can reduce the vertical range of printhead and link simultaneously, reduce the height dimension of complete machine, thereby link can adopt plastic stool lightweight material, to alleviate overall mass.The optimization process of radiator structure.
On the left side support arm 6050 of described link 602, along X-axis moving guide rail, be axially arranged with the first groove 6051, at the first groove 6051 places, be provided with the first trip bolt hole, on right side support arm 6053, along X-axis moving guide rail, be axially arranged with the second groove 6054, at the second groove 6054 places, be provided with the second trip bolt hole, described the first groove 6051 is provided with the teeth groove 6056 being meshed with the first synchromesh gear 304 bands, the left end of the first synchromesh gear belt 304 and the first groove 6051 engagements, and by the first trip bolt 6052 lockings in the first trip bolt hole, the right-hand member of the first synchromesh gear belt 304 bends inwards, the teeth groove of both sides, bending part and tooth top corresponding matching, contact formative gear band overlapping region, gear band overlapping region coordinates with the second groove 6054, and by the second trip bolt 6055 lockings in the second trip bolt hole.The first synchromesh gear belt 304 left ends and the engagement of the first groove 6051, fixing reliable and be convenient to fixed disassembly, the mode that adopts the right-hand member of the first synchromesh gear belt 304 to bend inwards, the teeth groove of both sides, bending part and tooth top corresponding matching, contact formative gear band overlapping region, because the outside of the first synchromesh gear belt 304 is level and smooth outer surfaces, when outer surface coordinates with two end faces of the second groove 6054, contact-making surface is smooth, contact-making surface is large, easily by the second trip bolt, lock reliably, when the first synchromesh gear belt wear or when loosening, by adjusting the second trip bolt, make it in suitable elasticity fastening with the second groove of right side support arm, keep fixing reliably, realize the mobile accuracy of printhead, reduced often regulating the dismounting existing and adjust inconvenient problem owing to needing after belt wearing and tearing of bringing by belt transmission in prior art, extended the service life of the first synchromesh gear belt, reduced use and maintenance cost.
Described feed mechanism 603 comprises the 4th numerical-control motor 6031, drive sprocket axle 6032, follower shaft 6033, the 4th numerical-control motor output shaft is provided with the first gear 6034, drive sprocket axle 6032 is provided with the second gear 6035, the first gear 6034 and the second gear 6035 engagements, supporting seat 606 is provided with the supporting seat slotted eye 6036 of up/down perforation along the middle part of fore-and-aft direction, drive sprocket axle 6032 is connected with both sides before and after supporting seat by the drive sprocket axle bearing coordinating with drive sprocket axle bearing mounting hole 6049, the centre of drive sprocket axle 6032 is provided with printing consumables driving wheel 6037, in the middle of follower shaft 6033, be provided with driven pulley 6038, printing consumables driving wheel 6037, driven pulley 6038 is located in supporting seat slotted eye 6036, printing consumables driving wheel 6037 surface knurlings or gear structure are to increase the frictional force of transmission, before and after supporting seat, both sides are provided with long slot bore 6039, follower shaft 6033 is connected with long slot bore 6039 by the back shaft end of both sides, back shaft end is radially provided with the horizontally-guided hole 6040 of perforation vertical with follower shaft, the axis of described pilot hole 6040 and follower shaft 6033 axis intersect vertically in horizontal plane, link is provided with driven pulley horizontal level set screw connecting hole, set screw 6041 with from set screw connecting hole, be connected, the dead in line of set screw connecting hole axis and pilot hole 6040, printing consumables is pressed in printing consumables driving wheel 6037 by the second Compress Spring 6045 of being located in set screw 6041, between driven pulley 6038, wherein: a kind of structure is, see Fig. 6, drive sprocket axle bearing mounting hole 6049 and long slot bore 6039 separate by the side 6048 between long slot bore 6039 and drive sprocket axle bearing mounting hole 6049, the thin end of set screw 6041 is from pilot hole 6040 stretches out, coordinate with the 3rd Compress Spring 6046, one end of the 3rd Compress Spring 6046 is connected with long slot bore 6039 sides 6048, one end coordinates with the step 6047 at set screw 6041 end rear portions, described set screw 6041 is provided with adjusting nut 6042, locking nut 6043, on link, be also provided with the adjusting hole 6044 connecting with long slot bore, described adjusting nut 6042, locking nut 6043 is located at adjusting hole position, by locking nut 6043, set screw 6041 and link are fixed, the second Compress Spring 6045 is located in the set screw supporting between axle head and adjusting nut, like this after unclamping the second Compress Spring 6045, under the elastic force effect of the 3rd Compress Spring 6046, driven pulley 6038 disengages with printing consumables, the advance and retreat of manual adjustment printing consumables easily, another kind of structure is, see Fig. 6-1, drive sprocket axle bearing mounting hole 6049 is the structures that are communicated with long slot bore 6039, the end of set screw 6041 coordinates with pilot hole 6040, thereby omit the 3rd Compress Spring 6046, gap between printing consumables driving wheel 6037 and driven pulley 6038 outer surfaces is less than the diameter dimension of printing consumables, described set screw 6041 is provided with adjusting nut 6042, locking nut 6043, on link, be also provided with the adjusting hole 6044 connecting with long slot bore, described adjusting nut 6042, locking nut 6043 is located at adjusting hole position, by locking nut 6043, set screw 6041 and link are fixed, the second Compress Spring 6045 is located in the set screw supporting between axle head and adjusting nut, elastic force by the second Compress Spring 6045 is pressed on printing consumables between printing consumables driving wheel 6037 and driven pulley 6038.During use, printing consumables is from supporting seat slotted eye 6036, enter the gap between printing consumables driving wheel 6037 and driven pulley 6033 and pass, driven pulley can adopt bearing empty set on follower shaft, the axis of drive sprocket axle, the output axis of the axis of follower shaft and the 4th numerical-control motor is on same horizontal plane back shaft, position by mobile adjusting nut 6042 in set screw 6041, adjust the elastic force of the second Compress Spring 6045, make printing consumables at printing consumables driving wheel 6037, between driven pulley 6038, be subject to different clamping forces, keep printing consumables reliable, be fed to continuously printhead.By being provided with link long slot bore 6039 in link both sides, adjusting nut 6042, horizontally-guided hole 6040, driven pulley horizontal level set screw connecting hole, the structures such as adjusting hole 6044 with long slot bore perforation, can regulate easily the position of driven pulley, the suitable distance that keeps driven pulley and printing consumables driving wheel, make printing consumables be subject to suitable frictional force, and import in printhead downwards with suitable speed, and by horizontally-guided hole, realized the axial restraint of follower shaft, the complex structure of having avoided other axial restraint and fastening means to exist, install and dismantle inconvenience and adjust loaded down with trivial details problem, reduced the size of frame simultaneously, rack construction is compacter.
Described base 2, front holder 201, rear holder 202, Z axis holder 503, link 602 adopts transparent polymethyl methacrylate materials to make, adopt transparent polymethyl methacrylate materials, can be clear that and these respective outer side edges, or cooperation and the motion state of the parts that connect, be convenient to understand intuitively position and annexation and motion state between them, be specially adapted to as three-dimensional printing technology demonstration machine, because transparency is high, its internal structure, running status overall process is simple and clear, for the student who learns by engineering test in places such as schools, deepen cognition and the impression to relevant knowledges such as the internal structure of product component and annexations, strengthen creativity and results of learning and have great advantage.Also can be on base plate cladding thickness 1mmd black or grey plastic plate, increase complete machine stereovision, appearance looks elegant.Adopt transparent polymethyl methacrylate materials simultaneously, can utilize laser processing technology, Wire EDM, multiple-layer stacked building block system builds and realizes complicated stereo function, facilitates batch machining.
Although above-mentioned, by reference to the accompanying drawings the specific embodiment of utility model is described; but the not restriction to the utility model protection domain; on the basis of the technical solution of the utility model, those skilled in the art do not need to pay various modifications that creative work can make or distortion still in protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a 3D printer, is characterized in that, comprises frame, base, X-axis mobile system, Y-axis mobile system, Z axis mobile system, printing equipment, described frame 1 comprises the left column of the left and right sides, right column and lower connecting plate, upper junction plate, described lower connecting plate, upper junction plate respectively with left column, right column connects, and base is connected with lower connecting plate, and upper junction plate is connected with printing consumables link, printing consumables link is provided with printing consumables fixed disk, described printing equipment is connected with X-axis mobile system, and described X-axis mobile system is connected with Z axis mobile system, described left column, right column is provided with column guide rail, and Z axis mobile system is connected with column guide rail, and Y-axis mobile system is connected with base, and described X-axis mobile system is provided with the X-axis moving guide rail that printhead moves, and described base bottom is provided with the power supply being connected, controller, controller is connected with power supply, described controller and X-axis mobile system, Y-axis mobile system, Z axis mobile system, printing equipment connects, and described controller adopts single-chip microcomputer.
2. a kind of 3D printer as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described Y-axis mobile system comprises the Y-axis moving guide rail of level, the second numerical-control motor, described Y-axis mobile system is connected with base by Y-axis moving guide rail, base top is provided with front holder, rear holder, Y-axis moving guide rail is by front holder, rear holder is connected with base, the second numerical-control motor is located at the base bottom near front holder one side, the second numerical-control motor output shaft protuberate basic unit upper surface, be connected with the second gear, the second gear is connected with the second synchromesh gear belt, the second synchromesh gear belt is connected with second driven pulley of rear holder one end, the second synchromesh gear belt is provided with the second contiguous block, the second contiguous block is connected with auxiliary connecting plate, described Y-axis mobile system is connected with base by Y-axis moving guide rail, the base of guide rail lower side position is provided with Y-axis limit switch, Y-axis limit switch coordinates with auxiliary connecting plate, auxiliary connecting plate top is connected with working face heating plate by buffer structure, working face heating plate bottom is provided with temperature of heating plate sensor, temperature of heating plate sensor is connected with controller, the second numerical-control motor, heating plate is connected with power supply.
3. a kind of 3D printer as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, described front holder, rear holder and base are provided with connecting hole, base bottom is provided with supplemental support leg, supplemental support leg is provided with connecting hole, described front holder connecting hole, or rear holder connecting hole respectively with the base connecting hole of relevant position, and supplemental support leg connecting hole is coaxial, the front holder of coaxial aperture, base, and supplemental support leg is connected by screw, the rear holder of coaxial aperture, base, and supplemental support leg is connected by screw, supplemental support leg bottom is provided with external screw thread, external screw thread coordinates with height adjusting nut, described auxiliary connecting plate is rectangular thin plate, corner location near rectangular thin plate is provided with screwed hole, working face heating plate is provided with connecting hole, auxiliary connecting plate is connected by the first screw with working face heating plate, screw is provided with Compress Spring, and Compress Spring is located between auxiliary connecting plate and working face heating plate, the square section bar that it is T-shaped groove shapes that described left column, right column adopt cross section is made, wherein the corresponding T-shaped groove in each column left and right sides is as column guide rail, described lower connecting plate, upper junction plate are connected with left column, right column by the bolt with T-shaped groove fit, nut respectively, and nut is stuck in T-shaped groove.
4. a kind of 3D printer as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described Z axis mobile system comprises two the 3rd numerical-control motors, left side leading screw and right side leading screw, left side Z axis holder and right side Z axis holder, the 3rd limit switch, described the 3rd numerical-control motor is located at left column, the base bottom of right column both sides, described left side leading screw, right side leading screw is located at respectively left column, right column outside, the 3rd numerical-control motor output shaft protuberate basic unit upper surface is connected with leading screw lower end, leading screw upper end is connected with upper fixed cap, upper cover is connected with upper junction plate, leading screw is provided with feed screw nut, described feed screw nut is connected with left side Z axis holder and right side Z axis holder respectively, left side Z axis holder and right side Z axis holder are connected with difference X-axis mobile system, Z axis holder is provided with holder through hole, left column, right column passes from holder through hole, along left column, the holder through hole both sides of right column two root post center line place planes are respectively equipped with level connection joint hole, level connection joint is provided with connecting axle in hole, connecting axle is provided with bearing, described bearing coordinates with column guide rail, described left side leading screw, right side leading screw axis and left column, right column center line is coplanar on left and right directions, the 3rd limit switch is located at column bottom, left side near the upper end surface of base, the 3rd limit switch coordinates with the lower end of left side Z axis holder, described the 3rd limit switch is connected with controller.
5. a kind of 3D printer as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that, Z axis holder top, described left side is provided with metallic channel, chassis left side is provided with wire through-hole, base right side is provided with press button, each numerical-control motor, limit switch, and the wire of sensor passes from wire through-hole, controller, power supply is located at base bottom, the output voltage of described power supply is DC12V dc source, described DC12V dc source is connected with the binding post of press button by power interface, press button is connected with 220V AC power, described power interface is located at base bottom, base is provided with button connecting hole, press button is fixed on button connecting hole, the binding post of press button is in base bottom.
6. a kind of 3D printer as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described X-axis mobile system comprise the first numerical-control motor, with Y-axis moving guide rail spatially vertically disposed horizontal X axle moving guide rail, the first limit switch, X-axis moving guide rail is connected with left side Z axis holder and right side Z axis holder respectively, the first limit switch is connected with Z axis holder bottom, the first limit switch coordinates with the support arm end, left side of the link of printing equipment, and described the first limit switch is connected with controller, the first numerical-control motor is located at the Z axis holder bottom in leading screw outside, left side, the outstanding Z axis holder of the first numerical-control motor output shaft upper surface, be provided with the first synchromesh gear, the Z axis holder upper surface, right side in leading screw outside, right side is provided with the first driven pulley, two left side leading screws of axis runout of the first numerical-control motor output shaft and the first driven pulley, plane one side at leading screw axis place, right side, described the first numerical-control motor is connected with the first synchronous cog belt, the first synchronous cog belt is connected with printing equipment, the Z axis holder upper surface of both sides is respectively provided with a directive wheel, the axis of each described directive wheel is located between the leading screw and column of Z axis holder at place, and depart from the opposite side of the plane at two leading screw axis places.
7. a kind of 3D printer as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described printing equipment comprises extrudes printhead, link, feed mechanism, the left side support arm of described link, right side support arm are connected, along X-axis moving guide rail, move axially with X-axis moving guide rail, feed mechanism is arranged on link, extrudes printhead and is connected with link bottom, the described printhead of extruding comprises printhead, printing consumables fairlead, printhead top is connected with heater, heater is provided with temperature sensor, temperature sensor is connected with controller, heater top is provided with heat insulating mattress, heat insulating mattress top is connected with collet, collet top is connected with thermal insulation board, thermal insulation board is connected with the printhead connecting plate on top, printhead connecting plate is connected with link bottom, printhead inside is provided with the printhead cavity that holds printing consumables molten mass, described heater, collet, printhead connecting plate is provided with axially extending bore, the axially extending bore of heater is communicated with printhead cavity, printing consumables fairlead is connected with collet through after the axially extending bore of printhead connecting plate, described link bottom and printhead connecting plate are provided with predetermined distance in the vertical direction, printhead connecting plate and heater by collet in the predetermined distance of axially-spaced, described printhead top is provided with external screw thread, heater is provided with internal thread, the two is connected printhead and heater by internal and external threads, collet top is provided with ring flange, thermal insulation board comprises thermal insulation board, lower thermal insulation board, described upper thermal insulation board, lower thermal insulation board adopts the good materials of thermal diffusivity such as aluminium sheet, the upper thermal insulation board of ring flange and both sides, lower thermal insulation board connects by metal bolts, upper thermal insulation board is connected with printhead connecting plate, between upper thermal insulation board and printhead connecting plate, be provided with long metal nuts, metal nuts and lower bolt, upper bolt connects, upper thermal insulation board, lower thermal insulation board, collet flange is connected with the bottom of metal nuts by lower bolt, link, printhead connecting plate is connected with metal nuts top by upper bolt, the lower surface of link, the upper surface of printhead connecting plate is provided with the locking nut coordinating with upper bolt.
8. a kind of 3D printer as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, on the left side support arm of described link, along X-axis moving guide rail, be axially arranged with the first groove, at the first groove, be provided with the first trip bolt hole, on the support arm of right side, along X-axis moving guide rail, be axially arranged with the second groove, at the second groove, be provided with the second trip bolt hole, described the first groove is provided with the teeth groove being meshed with the first synchromesh gear belt, the left end of the first synchromesh gear belt and the first engagement, and lock by the first trip bolt in the first trip bolt hole, the right-hand member of the first synchromesh gear belt bends inwards, the teeth groove of both sides, bending part and tooth top corresponding matching, contact formative gear band overlapping region, gear band overlapping region and the second groove fit, and lock by the second trip bolt in the second trip bolt hole.
9. a kind of 3D printer as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that, described feed mechanism comprises the 4th numerical-control motor, drive sprocket axle, follower shaft, the 4th numerical-control motor output shaft is provided with the first gear, drive sprocket axle is provided with the second gear, the first gear and the engagement of the second gear, supporting seat is provided with the supporting seat slotted eye of up/down perforation along the middle part of fore-and-aft direction, drive sprocket axle is connected with both sides before and after supporting seat by bearing, the centre of drive sprocket axle is provided with printing consumables driving wheel, in the middle of follower shaft, be provided with driven pulley, printing consumables driving wheel, driven pulley is located in supporting seat slotted eye, before and after supporting seat, both sides are provided with long slot bore, follower shaft is connected with long slot bore by the back shaft end of both sides, back shaft end is radially provided with the horizontally-guided hole of perforation vertical with follower shaft, the axis of described pilot hole and follower shaft axis intersect vertically in horizontal plane, link is provided with driven pulley horizontal level set screw connecting hole, set screw with from set screw connecting hole, be connected, the dead in line of set screw connecting hole axis and pilot hole, printing consumables is pressed in printing consumables driving wheel by the second Compress Spring of being located in set screw, between driven pulley, the first compression mode is: drive sprocket axle bearing mounting hole and long slot bore separate by the side between long slot bore and drive sprocket axle bearing mounting hole, the thin end of set screw is from pilot hole stretches out, coordinate with the 3rd Compress Spring, one end of the 3rd Compress Spring is connected with long slot bore side, one end coordinates with the step at set screw end rear portion, described set screw is provided with adjusting nut, locking nut, on link, be also provided with the adjusting hole connecting with long slot bore, described adjusting nut, locking nut is located at adjusting hole position, by locking nut, set screw and link are fixed, the second Compress Spring is located in the set screw supporting between axle head and adjusting nut, the second compression mode is: drive sprocket axle bearing mounting hole is the structure being communicated with long slot bore, the end of set screw coordinates with pilot hole, described set screw is provided with adjusting nut, locking nut, link is provided with the adjusting hole connecting with long slot bore, described adjusting nut, locking nut is located at adjusting hole position, by locking nut, set screw and link are fixed, the second Compress Spring is located in the set screw supporting between axle head and adjusting nut, elastic force by the second Compress Spring is pressed on printing consumables between printing consumables driving wheel and driven pulley.
10. a kind of 3D printer as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described base, front holder, rear holder, Z axis holder, link adopt transparent polymethyl methacrylate materials to make.
CN201420103888.7U 2014-03-07 2014-03-07 3D (Three-Dimensional) printer Withdrawn - After Issue CN203792723U (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN103831974A (en) * 2014-03-07 2014-06-04 济南大学 Three-dimensional (3D) printer
CN104260566A (en) * 2014-10-09 2015-01-07 合肥海闻自动化设备有限公司 Continuous printing control system of three-dimensional color ink jet additive printer
CN104827664A (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-08-12 江汉大学 3D printer
CN105216325A (en) * 2015-10-22 2016-01-06 张萍 A kind of Multifunction 3D printer based on Internet of Things
CN105666880A (en) * 2016-03-28 2016-06-15 刘湘静 3D printer with precise regulating function
CN105984151A (en) * 2016-06-21 2016-10-05 李钢 Ship four-dimensional space-time energy-containing memory printing system

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103831974A (en) * 2014-03-07 2014-06-04 济南大学 Three-dimensional (3D) printer
CN103831974B (en) * 2014-03-07 2016-03-23 济南大学 A kind of 3D printer
CN104260566A (en) * 2014-10-09 2015-01-07 合肥海闻自动化设备有限公司 Continuous printing control system of three-dimensional color ink jet additive printer
CN104827664A (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-08-12 江汉大学 3D printer
CN104827664B (en) * 2015-01-28 2017-07-21 江汉大学 A kind of 3D printer
CN105216325A (en) * 2015-10-22 2016-01-06 张萍 A kind of Multifunction 3D printer based on Internet of Things
WO2017067133A1 (en) * 2015-10-22 2017-04-27 张萍 Novel internet-of-things-based multifunctional 3d printer
CN105666880A (en) * 2016-03-28 2016-06-15 刘湘静 3D printer with precise regulating function
CN105984151A (en) * 2016-06-21 2016-10-05 李钢 Ship four-dimensional space-time energy-containing memory printing system

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