CN203791215U - Density separation system based on light objects and heavy objects in household garbage - Google Patents

Density separation system based on light objects and heavy objects in household garbage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203791215U
CN203791215U CN201420045514.4U CN201420045514U CN203791215U CN 203791215 U CN203791215 U CN 203791215U CN 201420045514 U CN201420045514 U CN 201420045514U CN 203791215 U CN203791215 U CN 203791215U
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China
Prior art keywords
thing
heavy
lightweight
lightweight thing
outlet
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201420045514.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高卫华
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Tianzi Environment Protection Investment Holdings Co Ltd
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Tianzi Environment Protection Investment Holdings Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201420045514.4U priority Critical patent/CN203791215U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a density separation system based on light objects and heavy objects in household garbage. The density separation system comprises a wind power separator, a cyclone separator and an induced draft fan. The wind power separator comprises a heavy object collecting hopper and a wind power separating bin. The heavy object collecting hopper is fixedly arranged at the lower end of the wind power separating bin. An air inlet is formed in the connecting portion between the heavy object collecting hopper and the wind power separating bin. A heavy object outlet is formed in the lower end of the heavy object collecting hopper. A light object outlet is formed in the upper end of the wind power separating bin. A feeding opening is formed in the oblique side wall of the wind power separating bin. The light object outlet of the wind power separator is connected with a tangential material inlet of the cyclone separator through a pipeline. An air outlet of the cyclone separator is connected with the induced draft fan through a pipeline. The density separation system is scientific and reasonable in structure design, stable in system operation, high in screening efficiency and high in processing speed, and separating of the light objects and the heavy objects is carried out effectively.

Description

Based on the density separation system of lightweight thing in house refuse and heavy thing
Technical field
The utility model belongs to separation system field, especially a kind of density separation system based on lightweight thing in house refuse and heavy thing.
Background technology
House refuse carries out can making fertilizer after innoxious and recycling treatment, process organic fast degradation in early stage dried rubbish in processing procedure, before composting material, also need the sorting further becoming more meticulous to remove the less heavy thing of size, leave lightweight thing, the composting raw material of high-quality could be provided for composting material system.Heavy thing comprises metal stone sandy soil battery glass in house refuse; Lightweight thing comprises meal kitchen organic matter, plant, discarded crops etc. in house refuse, at present, domestic research to house refuse mechanical sorting technology and the exploitation of special equipment are started late, and processing means fall behind, and are difficult to realize the accurate separation operation of mechanization.Existing treatment process is mainly artificial primary election, trommelling and magnetic separation etc.These methods are difficult to realize lightweight thing that in rubbish, size is little and close and the sorting of heavy thing, and then impact composting quality below.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of density separation system based on lightweight thing in house refuse and heavy thing is provided, this density separation system structure design is scientific and reasonable, system run all right, screening efficiency is high, processing speed is fast, effectively carries out separating of lightweight thing and heavy thing.
The utility model solves its technical problem and is achieved through the following technical solutions:
Based on a density separation system for lightweight thing in house refuse and heavy thing, its density separation system comprises pneumatic separator, cyclone separator and air-introduced machine; Pneumatic separator comprises heavy thing collection bucket and wind-force separation bin, heavy thing collection bucket is packed in wind-force separation bin lower end, junction between heavy thing collection bucket and wind-force separation bin arranges air inlet, heavy thing collection bucket lower end is shaped with the outlet of heavy thing, wind-force separation bin upper end is shaped with the outlet of lightweight thing, on the oblique sidewall of wind-force separation bin, is shaped with charging aperture; The lightweight thing outlet of pneumatic separator connects the tangential material inlet of cyclone separator by pipeline, the air outlet of this cyclone separator connects air-introduced machine by pipeline.
And, described cyclone separator comprises a lightweight thing sedimentation warehouse, this lightweight thing sedimentation warehouse external wall of upper portion is shaped with tangential material inlet, be shaped with air outlet in lightweight thing sedimentation warehouse upper end, this air outlet connects an induced duct in lightweight thing sedimentation warehouse, in the lightweight thing sedimentation warehouse of induced duct periphery, be provided with stacked deep bead, lightweight thing sedimentation warehouse lower end is shaped with lightweight thing discharging opening.
And the stacked setting of described deep bead extends to lightweight thing discharging opening top downwards from induced duct periphery always.
And the cross section of described deep bead is hollow round table shape.
And described lightweight thing discharging opening connects a lightweight thing belt conveyor.
And the charging aperture of described pneumatic separator connects a material distributing machine, this material distributing machine comprises ingredient conveyor and feed funnel.
And the heavy thing outlet of described pneumatic separator connects heavy thing belt conveyor by a heavy thing discharging auger.
And, at described heavy thing collection bucket and the coaxial uniform air inlet that arranges in junction between wind-force separation bin.
Advantage of the present utility model and beneficial effect are:
1, this density separation system based on lightweight thing in house refuse and heavy thing, its density separation system comprises pneumatic separator, cyclone separator and air-introduced machine; Pneumatic separator comprises heavy thing collection bucket and wind-force separation bin, heavy thing collection bucket is packed in wind-force separation bin lower end, junction between heavy thing collection bucket and wind-force separation bin arranges air inlet, heavy thing collection bucket lower end is shaped with the outlet of heavy thing, wind-force separation bin upper end is shaped with the outlet of lightweight thing, on the oblique sidewall of wind-force separation bin, is shaped with charging aperture; The lightweight thing outlet of pneumatic separator connects the tangential material inlet of cyclone separator by pipeline, the air outlet of this cyclone separator connects air-introduced machine by pipeline, this structure is carried out effective separate to the different small size heavy thing of density with lightweight thing by wind-force, further the organic matter in purification house refuse, improves composting quality.
2, the stacked setting of pneumatic separator deep bead of the present utility model extends to lightweight thing discharging opening top downwards always from induced duct periphery, the cross section of deep bead is hollow round table shape, air outlet connects an induced duct in lightweight thing sedimentation warehouse, and this structure can effectively be carried out sedimentation collection by lightweight thing.
3, heavy thing collection bucket and the coaxial uniform air inlet that arranges in junction between wind-force separation bin in the utility model, can carry wind concentration to the outlet of lightweight thing, reduce eddy current.
4, the utility model scientific structure design rationally, system run all right, screening efficiency is high, processing speed is fast, effectively carries out separating of lightweight thing and heavy thing.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model structural representation.
Detailed description of the invention
Below by specific embodiment, the utility model is described in further detail, and following examples are descriptive, is not determinate, can not limit protection domain of the present utility model with this.
Based on a density separation system for lightweight thing in house refuse and heavy thing, its density separation system comprises pneumatic separator, cyclone separator and air-introduced machine 2; Pneumatic separator comprises heavy thing collection bucket 15 and wind-force separation bin 8, heavy thing collection bucket is packed in wind-force separation bin lower end, junction between heavy thing collection bucket and wind-force separation bin arranges air inlet 16, furtherly at heavy thing collection bucket and coaxial uniform multiple air inlets that arrange in junction between wind-force separation bin.Heavy thing collection bucket lower end is shaped with the outlet of heavy thing, and wind-force separation bin upper end is shaped with lightweight thing outlet 7, on the oblique sidewall of wind-force separation bin, is shaped with charging aperture 9; The lightweight thing outlet of pneumatic separator connects the tangential material inlet 6 of cyclone separator by pipeline, the air outlet of this cyclone separator connects air-introduced machine by pipeline, this air-introduced machine connects a blast pipe 1, lightweight thing discharging opening 19 connects a lightweight thing belt conveyor 20, the charging aperture of pneumatic separator connects a material distributing machine, this material distributing machine comprises ingredient conveyor 10 and feed funnel 11, and the heavy thing outlet of pneumatic separator connects heavy thing belt conveyor 13 by a heavy thing discharging auger 14.Cyclone separator comprises a lightweight thing sedimentation warehouse 17, this lightweight thing sedimentation warehouse external wall of upper portion is shaped with tangential material inlet, be shaped with air outlet 4 in lightweight thing sedimentation warehouse upper end, this air outlet connects an induced duct 18 in lightweight thing sedimentation warehouse, in the lightweight thing sedimentation warehouse of induced duct periphery, be provided with stacked deep bead 5, lightweight thing sedimentation warehouse lower end is shaped with lightweight thing discharging opening, the stacked setting of deep bead extends to lightweight thing discharging opening top downwards always from induced duct periphery, described deep bead is connected with lightweight thing sedimentation warehouse inwall by gripper shoe 3, the cross section of deep bead is hollow round table shape.
The course of work and principle:
The house refuse of mixing through the close heavy thing 12 of size and the lightweight thing 21 of sorting in early stage is greatly about 2cm, feed funnel by material distributing machine is expected ingredient conveyor on evenly, ingredient conveyor is by oblique the sending in pneumatic separator of rubbish of heavy thing and the mixing of lightweight thing, the air sucking from pneumatic separator air inlet by air-introduced machine blows afloat the lightweight thing rubbish material, and heavy thing is directly fallen on the transport auger of pneumatic separator lower end and transported by belt conveyer.Lightweight thing enters air duct from pneumatic separator upper end together with air stream, enter from cyclone separator upper end along horizontal tangential by air duct lightweight thing and air stream, air-flow moves downward twist along cyclone separator, lightweight thing collides with baffle plate and wall under centrifugal action, and under the guiding of deep bead and the effect of gravity, the lightweight thing discharging opening that falls to bottom along deep bead and barrel, is transported to fertilizer producing system by belt conveyer.Under the effect of air-introduced machine, remove the pure air of lightweight thing and discharged from center induced duct, be also finally discharged in outside air by air-introduced machine.
The design of the annular air scoop of pneumatic separator below 360 degree and employing air-introduced machine air inducing, has effectively ensured to enter air-flow in Gravity Separation machine and has been evenly distributed, and can suitably regulate as required the intensity of air-flow.
The effect of interception and guiding is played in many groups baffle arrangement design of cyclone separator inside to the lightweight thing in air-flow, effectively ensure in air-flow that lightweight thing rapid subsidence is to the discharging opening of device bottom, and effectively prevented the phenomenon that lightweight thing is blown afloat again.

Claims (8)

1. the density separation system based on lightweight thing in house refuse and heavy thing, is characterized in that: this density separation system comprises pneumatic separator, cyclone separator and air-introduced machine; Pneumatic separator comprises heavy thing collection bucket and wind-force separation bin, heavy thing collection bucket is packed in wind-force separation bin lower end, junction between heavy thing collection bucket and wind-force separation bin arranges air inlet, heavy thing collection bucket lower end is shaped with the outlet of heavy thing, wind-force separation bin upper end is shaped with the outlet of lightweight thing, on the oblique sidewall of wind-force separation bin, is shaped with charging aperture; The lightweight thing outlet of pneumatic separator connects the tangential material inlet of cyclone separator by pipeline, the air outlet of this cyclone separator connects air-introduced machine by pipeline.
2. the density separation system based on lightweight thing in house refuse and heavy thing according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described cyclone separator comprises a lightweight thing sedimentation warehouse, this lightweight thing sedimentation warehouse external wall of upper portion is shaped with tangential material inlet, be shaped with air outlet in lightweight thing sedimentation warehouse upper end, this air outlet connects an induced duct in lightweight thing sedimentation warehouse, in the lightweight thing sedimentation warehouse of induced duct periphery, be provided with stacked deep bead, lightweight thing sedimentation warehouse lower end is shaped with lightweight thing discharging opening.
3. the density separation system based on lightweight thing in house refuse and heavy thing according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the stacked setting of described deep bead extends to lightweight thing discharging opening top downwards always from induced duct periphery.
4. according to the density separation system based on lightweight thing in house refuse and heavy thing described in claim 2 or 3, it is characterized in that: the cross section of described deep bead is hollow round table shape.
5. the density separation system based on lightweight thing in house refuse and heavy thing according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described lightweight thing discharging opening connects a lightweight thing belt conveyor.
6. the density separation system based on lightweight thing in house refuse and heavy thing according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the charging aperture of described pneumatic separator connects a material distributing machine, and this material distributing machine comprises ingredient conveyor and feed funnel.
7. the density separation system based on lightweight thing in house refuse and heavy thing according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the heavy thing outlet of described pneumatic separator connects heavy thing belt conveyor by a heavy thing discharging auger.
8. the density separation system based on lightweight thing in house refuse and heavy thing according to claim 1, is characterized in that: at described heavy thing collection bucket and the coaxial uniform air inlet that arranges in junction between wind-force separation bin.
CN201420045514.4U 2014-01-23 2014-01-23 Density separation system based on light objects and heavy objects in household garbage Withdrawn - After Issue CN203791215U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420045514.4U CN203791215U (en) 2014-01-23 2014-01-23 Density separation system based on light objects and heavy objects in household garbage

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420045514.4U CN203791215U (en) 2014-01-23 2014-01-23 Density separation system based on light objects and heavy objects in household garbage

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203791215U true CN203791215U (en) 2014-08-27

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103785613A (en) * 2014-01-23 2014-05-14 天紫环保投资控股有限公司 Density separation system based on light substances and heavy substances in household waste
CN106269504A (en) * 2015-06-05 2017-01-04 北京三态环境科技有限公司 A kind of semi-vertical Domestic garbage winnowing machine
CN109332177A (en) * 2018-08-22 2019-02-15 浦江县顺光科技有限公司 Chrysanthemum high-efficiency dynamic deashing cleaner

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103785613A (en) * 2014-01-23 2014-05-14 天紫环保投资控股有限公司 Density separation system based on light substances and heavy substances in household waste
CN103785613B (en) * 2014-01-23 2016-03-30 天紫环保投资控股有限公司 Based on the density sorting system of lightweight thing and heavy thing in house refuse
CN106269504A (en) * 2015-06-05 2017-01-04 北京三态环境科技有限公司 A kind of semi-vertical Domestic garbage winnowing machine
CN109332177A (en) * 2018-08-22 2019-02-15 浦江县顺光科技有限公司 Chrysanthemum high-efficiency dynamic deashing cleaner

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GR01 Patent grant
C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20140827

Effective date of abandoning: 20160330