CN203788808U - Large-span intelligent greenhouse - Google Patents

Large-span intelligent greenhouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203788808U
CN203788808U CN201420187571.6U CN201420187571U CN203788808U CN 203788808 U CN203788808 U CN 203788808U CN 201420187571 U CN201420187571 U CN 201420187571U CN 203788808 U CN203788808 U CN 203788808U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
canopy
greenhouse
main frame
span
booth
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420187571.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郑毅
曹广智
范毅
Original Assignee
郑毅
曹广智
范毅
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 郑毅, 曹广智, 范毅 filed Critical 郑毅
Priority to CN201420187571.6U priority Critical patent/CN203788808U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203788808U publication Critical patent/CN203788808U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The utility model discloses a large-span intelligent greenhouse. The greenhouse consists of a front greenhouse and a rear back greenhouse, wherein a middle wall (4) is arranged between the front greenhouse and the rear greenhouse; the structure of the front greenhouse is that multiple arc-shaped main frameworks (6) are arranged between the middle wall (4) and a front ground beam (7) in a supporting manner; each main framework has a span of 16 to 18 meters; horizontal frameworks (13) are arranged at the top end of each arc-shaped main framework; 3 to 5 horizontal pulling rods (12) are arranged between every two arc-shaped main frameworks; multiple horizontal pulling ribs (11) are arranged among each arc-shaped main framework and the two side walls; 5 to 7 vertical double clamping groove supporting plates (10) are arranged between every two arc-shaped main frameworks; a plastic membrane is mounted on the double clamping groove supporting plates in a paving manner; the structure of the rear back greenhouse is that a rear greenhouse main framework (2) is arranged between the top of a rear wall (1) and the top of the middle wall (4) and has a span of 6 to 7 meters. According to the utility model, through arranging multiple temperature preservation, the greenhouse is good in heat preservation effect, can help plants inside go through winter naturally, and as the span in the greenhouse is large, mechanical cultivation is allowed, and the greenhouse is a highly-efficient, intelligent and low-cost modern agriculture facility.

Description

Large span intelligence booth
Technical field
The utility model relates to industrialized agriculture field, is a kind of large span intelligence booth specifically.
Background technology
Current green house of vegetables mainly contains two kinds, and one is exactly the simple and easy frame single-layer plastic film of cob wall body booth; Another kind is polyester sunlight board green house.The heat-insulating property of single-layer plastic film is poor, need to separately add thermal insulation quilt, has increased plant equipment and operating cost, has shortened the sunshine time, does not reach at northern area the requirement of surviving the winter; Be exactly that span is little in addition, land utilization rate is low, and space is little, and heat storage capacity is poor, and surface area is large, and heat radiation is many; Do not have Cold-proof Ditch to cause ground temperature low, the interior configuration of canopy is incomplete, and function is poor, can not use the defects such as mechanical cultivation because span is little and canopy inner area is little.Polyester sunlight board Greenhouse building cost is very high, and heat insulation effect is also very poor, configures inentirely, does not reach the requirement of surviving the winter, and inner leg is many, is also unfavorable for do mechanization operation, is difficult to generally promote the use of.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of large span intelligence booth, and it arranges multiple-insulating measure, and high insulating effect can overwintering, and in canopy, span is large, can mechanical cultivation, and be a kind of efficient, intelligent, modern agriculture facility cheaply.
The technical solution of the utility model is as follows:
A kind of large span intelligence booth, it is made up of front canopy and back canopy, is middle wall between the canopy of front and back, and there is side wall booth both sides;
The structure of above-mentioned front canopy is between Zhong Qiang and front grade beam, to set up multiple arc main frames, and this main frame span is at 16~18 meters; Establish the crossing frame of fixing each arc main frame on the top of each arc main frame, between every two arc main frames, establish 3~5 road drag links; To establishing many girts between both walls, draw one piece every 0.6~0.8 meter at each arc main frame, girt is returned on the central sill that is fixed on side wall through under side wall top; The vertical double card groove supporting plate in 5~7 roads is set, at the upper draw-in groove of above-mentioned double card groove supporting plate and lower bayonet slot one deck plastic foil of respectively mating formation between above-mentioned arc main frame between two; Before booth, underground cold-proof division board is established in the inner side of grade beam; Ceiling plate before establishing between the booth place of rising and middle wall;
The structure of above-mentioned back canopy is canopy main frame after Hou Qiang and middle coping are established, and span is 6~7 meters, establishes propping between two between main frame, establishes rear ceiling plate on above-mentioned main frame; Above-mentioned middle wall is provided with middle wall light inlet window.
Above-mentioned double card groove supporting plate is by upper draw-in groove and affixed the forming of the back-to-back clamping girt of lower bayonet slot, double card groove forms the fixing and supporting construction of duplicature, described lacing wire is to be rearranged by many plastic-steel lines, at the upper draw-in groove of double card groove and lower bayonet slot one deck plastic foil of respectively mating formation, fixed by film-pressing tank or jump ring.
Between front canopy arc main frame, establish bracing wire, in bracing wire, step-by-step arrangement can be opened the infrared reflection film drawing.
Thing end at front canopy sets up booth respirator.
" large span intelligence booth " used as growing vegetables facility, because plantation and cultivation should auxiliary constructions, and then is equipped with large-sized biogas engineering, can form " plantation---cultivation---biogas " ecological circulation pattern.
The utility model has the advantage of: 1, this booth span is large, span can reach 16~18 meters of scopes, makes effectively cultivated area expansion in booth, has improved land utilization rate, can mechanized farming.
2, multiple-insulating setting, high insulating effect.Insulated wall, underground cold-proof division board, double card groove duplicature, plays air heat insulation insulation and does not separately establish thermal insulation quilt.
3, this booth has configured infrared reflection film, and in order to anti-infrared heat loss through radiation at night in winter, summer is for part shading cooling; Configuration booth respirator, in order to booth in the winter time inner air and outer air automatic exchange and heat is not lost; Configuration biogas lamp, in order to the concentration of increased winter temperature rising light filling in canopy and increase carbon-dioxide gasfertilizer.Above-mentioned three configurations also make the insulation of this canopy more secure.
4, " back canopy " the one established in the combination of this booth, increased this booth function, and back canopy can be used for cultivation, mushroom cultivation etc., and the 2nd, increase integral heat insulation effect; The 3rd, and the plantation formation temperature of front canopy and the exchange of gas, the exchange of the oxygen that front canopy plantation produces and back canopy cultivation carbonic acid gas.Save construction cost.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the agent structure schematic diagram of this booth;
Fig. 2 is this booth front view;
Fig. 3 is this booth vertical view;
Fig. 4 is wall construction schematic diagram in this booth;
Fig. 5 is wall construction schematic diagram after this booth;
Fig. 6 is this booth section band double card groove supporting plate, girt, infrared reflection film structural representation;
This booth of Fig. 7 double card groove supporting plate, girt structure enlarged diagram;
Fig. 8 is the sidewall structure schematic diagram of this booth.
In Fig. 1~8,1, Hou Qiang; 2, rear canopy main frame; 3, rear ceiling plate; 4, Zhong Qiang; 5, front ceiling plate; 6, arc main frame; 7, front grade beam; 8, underground cold-proof division board; 9, front canopy side wall; 10, double card groove supporting plate; 11, girt; 12, drag link; 13, crossing frame; 14, middle wall light inlet window; 15, middle wall head piece; 16, rear wall head piece; 17, infrared reflection film; 18, film-pressing tank; 19, plastic foil; 20, draw-in groove supporting plate; 21, Qian Peng gate; 22, side wall ventilation window; 23, side wall central sill; 24, side wall ventilation blower; 25, booth collar tie beam; 26, rear canopy side wall ventilation window; 27, Hou Peng gate.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in further detail.
Can see this booth by Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 8, it is made up of front canopy and back canopy, is middle wall (4) between the canopy of front and back, and there is side wall whole booth both sides, and (9) are front canopy side walls.
Can be seen by Fig. 1~8, the main structure of front canopy is between Zhong Qiang (4) and front grade beam (7), to set up several arc main frames (6), is done by 4 bugle steels, establishes an arc main frame for every 5.7 meters; Under front grade beam, bury underground cold-proof division board (8) underground, it is 5 centimeters of thick extruded sheets, bury 1.2 meters dark; Establish the crossing frame (13) of fixing each above-mentioned arc main frame effect on the top of every two arc main frames (6), between every two arc main frames, establish 4 road drag links (12); Establish many girts (11) at each arc main frame (6) to drawing between both walls, draw one every 0.8 meter, girt is returned on the central sill (23) that is fixed on side wall through under side wall top; The vertical double card groove supporting plate (10) in 6 roads is set between above-mentioned arc main frame between two, it is by upper draw-in groove and affixed the forming of the back-to-back clamping girt of lower bayonet slot (11), double card groove forms the fixing and supporting construction of duplicature, described lacing wire is to be rearranged by many plastic-steel lines, at the upper draw-in groove of double card groove and the lower bayonet slot one deck plastic foil (19) of respectively mating formation, fixing by film-pressing tank (18), the 20th, draw-in groove supporting plate; Ceiling plate (5) before establishing between booth top eminence and middle wall, this material of roof plate adopts insulation composite color steel plate; In the bracing wire arranging between front canopy arc main frame, step-by-step arrangement can be opened the infrared reflection film (17) drawing, and plays shading cooling effect in order to playing anti-infrared heat radiation, summer winter.
Can see that by Fig. 8 (21) are provided in a side of the Qian Peng gate at Qian Peng rear portion; Front canopy side wall (9) is provided with vent window (22); (23) be side wall central sill; (24) be side wall ventilation blower; (25) ring booth collar tie beam, it is grade beam.
Fig. 1, Fig. 3~6, Fig. 8 see the structure of above-mentioned back canopy, establish rear canopy main frame (2) at Hou Qiang (1) with the top of middle wall (4), span is 6~7 meters, is establishing propping between two between main frame (2), on above-mentioned main frame, establish rear ceiling plate (3), it is that color steel interval adds sunlight board; Above-mentioned middle wall is provided with middle wall light inlet window (14), in order to the daylighting in winter of rear canopy; (15) be middle wall head piece; (16) be rear wall head piece, canopy side wall ventilation window after (26); (27) be Hou Peng gate.
Front canopy is furnished with booth respirator, be that number of patent application is 201320797435.4 structure, it is to form with a major diameter outer tube inner sleeve minor diameter inner tube, and outer tube, inner tube are set up in top, booth thing two ends, outer tube is at booth one headwall external-open air inlet, and the other end is drawn downwards at canopy inner opening; And inner tube is to connect elbow to open inner tube air inlet in canopy through outer tube in the air inlet end canopy of outer tube.This device is for gas exchange in winter booth, and loses heat not.
Separately be added with the concentration of biogas lamp in order to increased winter temperature rising light filling in booth and increase carbon-dioxide gasfertilizer.

Claims (3)

1. a large span intelligence booth, is characterized in that: it is made up of front canopy and back canopy, is middle wall (4) between the canopy of front and back, and there is side wall booth both sides;
The structure of above-mentioned front canopy is to set up multiple arc main frames (6) between Zhong Qiang (4) and front grade beam (7), and this main frame span is at 16~18 meters; Establish the crossing frame (13) of fixing each arc main frame on the top of each arc main frame, between every two arc main frames, establish 3~5 road drag links (12); To establishing many girts (11) between both walls, draw one piece every 0.6~0.8 meter at each arc main frame, girt is returned on the central sill (23) that is fixed on side wall through under side wall top; The vertical double card groove supporting plate (10) in 5~7 roads is set, at the upper draw-in groove of above-mentioned double card groove supporting plate and the lower bayonet slot one deck plastic foil (19) of respectively mating formation between above-mentioned arc main frame between two; Before booth, underground cold-proof division board (8) is established in the inner side of grade beam; Ceiling plate (5) before establishing between the booth place of rising and middle wall;
The structure of above-mentioned back canopy is to establish rear canopy main frame (2) at Hou Qiang (1) with the top of middle wall (4), and span is 6~7 meters, establishes propping between two between main frame, establishes rear ceiling plate (3) on above-mentioned main frame; Above-mentioned middle wall is provided with middle wall light inlet window (14).
2. large span intelligence booth according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: its double card groove supporting plate (10) is by upper draw-in groove and affixed the forming of the back-to-back clamping girt of lower bayonet slot (11), double card groove forms the fixing and supporting construction of duplicature, described lacing wire is to be rearranged by many plastic-steel lines, at the upper draw-in groove of double card groove and the lower bayonet slot one deck plastic foil (19) of respectively mating formation, fixed by film-pressing tank (18) or jump ring.
3. large span intelligence booth according to claim 1, is characterized in that: it establishes bracing wire between front canopy arc main frame (6), and in bracing wire, step-by-step arrangement can be opened the infrared reflection film (17) drawing.
CN201420187571.6U 2014-04-17 2014-04-17 Large-span intelligent greenhouse Expired - Fee Related CN203788808U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420187571.6U CN203788808U (en) 2014-04-17 2014-04-17 Large-span intelligent greenhouse

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420187571.6U CN203788808U (en) 2014-04-17 2014-04-17 Large-span intelligent greenhouse

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203788808U true CN203788808U (en) 2014-08-27

Family

ID=51371108

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420187571.6U Expired - Fee Related CN203788808U (en) 2014-04-17 2014-04-17 Large-span intelligent greenhouse

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203788808U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105409649A (en) * 2015-11-07 2016-03-23 濮阳市林业科学院 Steel structure sunlight greenhouse

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105409649A (en) * 2015-11-07 2016-03-23 濮阳市林业科学院 Steel structure sunlight greenhouse
CN105409649B (en) * 2015-11-07 2018-04-10 濮阳市林业科学院 Steel construction heliogreenhouse

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140827

Termination date: 20150417

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model