CN203788760U - Straw crusher - Google Patents

Straw crusher Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203788760U
CN203788760U CN201420242597.6U CN201420242597U CN203788760U CN 203788760 U CN203788760 U CN 203788760U CN 201420242597 U CN201420242597 U CN 201420242597U CN 203788760 U CN203788760 U CN 203788760U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotor
level
crusher
frame
stationary knife
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420242597.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周明义
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
MIANYANG JINTAI MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Original Assignee
MIANYANG JINTAI MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by MIANYANG JINTAI MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING Co Ltd filed Critical MIANYANG JINTAI MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Priority to CN201420242597.6U priority Critical patent/CN203788760U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203788760U publication Critical patent/CN203788760U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a straw crusher. The straw crusher comprises a crusher body. The crusher body comprises a machine frame, a first crushing cavity and a second crushing cavity are formed in the machine frame, the first crushing cavity is internally provided with a one-level knife roll and a one-level stationary knife device, the one-level knife roll is internally provided with a one-level knife roll body, and the one-level stationary knife device is arranged above the one-level knife roll. The second crushing cavity is internally provided with a two-level knife roll and a two-level stationary knife device, the two-level knife roll is internally provided with a two-level knife roll body and the two-level stationary knife device, and a blade spirally arranged is arranged above the two-level knife roll and the two-level stationary knife device matched with the two-level knife roll body to cut materials. According to the straw crusher, the crushing time of straw in the crusher can be prolonged, the stationary knife devices can have the functions of cleaning and auxiliary crushing, the problems that in the prior art, flexible biomass is twisted during crushing, the processing capability is not enough, and material granularity does not reach the standard after processing. According to the straw crusher, the granularity of the crushed straw can reach to the value below 100 mm.

Description

Straw crusher
Technical field
The utility model relates to mechanical manufacturing field, particularly, relates to a kind of straw crusher.
Background technology
along with social development, various countries all pay attention to increasingly for the protection of environment, and no matter environmental protection is own is to society through being rooted in the hearts of the people, or for ordinary people, all has the requirement of living in better environment.China is big developing country, seems more important for the protection of environment.And for the recycling of living beings soft material, just seem more urgent, and effective utilization of living beings flexible material is exactly an important link in environmental protection.
Living beings flexible material, because its density is little, volume is large, and the utmost point is not easy to transport and utilizes, and wants living beings flexible material effectively to utilize, and just must process living beings flexible material.For the processing of the soft material of living beings, be exactly mainly to carry out fragmentation.
The fragmentation of existing living beings flexible material, because of the problem of smashing principle and equipment design, normally device processes ability is too small, and living beings flexible material granularity after treatment does not reach utilizes requirement.
Existing flexible biological matter disintegrating machine, mainly contains a roller or multiple roll and carries out combined shear fragmentation.Because of the problem of charging and smashing principle, in shattering process, material is easily wound around, stops up working roll, affects disposal ability and the result (granularity is long excessive) of disintegrating machine.
Utility model content
The deficiency existing for prior art, technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide and a kind ofly extends the broken time of stalk in disintegrating machine, and stationary knife device plays the straw crusher of cleaning and addi-tional crusher effect, solve winding, the disposal ability deficiency in the fragmentation of existing flexible biological matter and processed rear raw meal particle size problem not up to standard.
The technical scheme in the invention for solving the above technical problem is:
Straw crusher, comprise disintegrating machine body, disintegrating machine body comprises frame and is arranged on the power set on frame right side, in frame, comprise the first crusher chamber and the second crusher chamber that is positioned at the first crusher chamber right side, in the first crusher chamber, be provided with one-level rotor and one-level stationary knife device, on one-level rotor, comprise multiple blades of arranging twist, one-level rotor top is provided with to be to be crisscross arranged with the blade of one-level rotor and coordinates the one-level stationary knife device of cutting material; In the second crusher chamber, be provided with secondary rotor and secondary stationary knife device, secondary rotor is to be provided with multiple blades of arranging twist, secondary rotor top is provided with the blade of secondary rotor and is crisscross arranged and coordinates the further secondary stationary knife device of cutting material, between one-level rotor and secondary rotor, is connected by transmission device;
Power set and secondary rotor are in transmission connection;
Frame left side is provided with charging aperture, and frame right side is provided with discharging opening.
Power of the present invention is provided by power set, be transferred to secondary rotor by belt pulley, drive secondary rotor High Rotation Speed, be delivered to one-level rotor by secondary rotor again and drive one-level rotor High Rotation Speed, thereby material is carried out to high-speed breakage, in broken, can shred in time and remove the material being wrapped on working roll because of the setting of stationary knife device.Working roll plays main fragmentation work, and stationary knife device plays cleaning and addi-tional crusher.
When broken stalk, start power set, stalk is sent into charging aperture, carry out again broken for the first time through the one-level rotor of High Rotation Speed, material after fragmentation is after the cleaning and addi-tional crusher of one-level stationary knife device, and the secondary rotor that utilizes working roll high speed rotating to drive the moving air producing that material is sent into High Rotation Speed by aerodynamic principle carries out break process, and same after the cleaning and addi-tional crusher of secondary stationary knife device, sent by discharging opening, complete whole broken work.
One-level stationary knife device or secondary stationary knife device comprise knife rest and be installed in parallel in the multiple blades on knife rest, and the blade opening angle of each blade is 15-30 °.
Being arranged on when ensureing its intensity and wearability of the blade opening angle of stationary knife device, can form sharper keen cutting edge, and flexible material is carried out to impact grinding.
The first crusher chamber is positioned at the upper left side of the second crusher chamber.Being crisscross arranged of position height is conducive to enter smoothly the second crusher chamber under the drive of the moving air that the material after fragmentation for the first time not only can bring in one-level rotor high speed rotating speed, can also utilize the effect of self gravitation to enter the second crusher chamber simultaneously, can suitably adjust rotating speed to a certain extent and easily material be sent in flow process and carried out operation, playing and save that the energy reduces costs and the effect that can achieve the goal.
Also comprise feed arrangement, feed arrangement comprise charging aperture left side the poking device being in transmission connection with one-level rotor that is positioned at frame outside, the Weighing type apron feeder of the below that charging is positioned at poking device is provided and is positioned at the feed well of Weighing type apron feeder top, Weighing type apron feeder comprises feed belt turnabout roller and be wrapped in the feed belt on feed belt turnabout roller, and feed belt turnabout roller and poking device are in transmission connection.Feed arrangement is set and can full automaticly carries out break process, only stalk need be put into feed well, stalk will be sent to and on Weighing type apron feeder, after weighing, be transmitted belt and deliver to poking device below, rotarily drives stalk send into charging aperture by poking device, continues broken process.
Material-gathering device comprises the material pipe being connected with discharging opening entering for material stream passed, material pipe right side is provided with and expects the loading head support body that pipe is connected, loading head support body top is provided with the loading head cloth bag that gathers dust, loading head gathers dust and is provided with on cloth bag and the loading head blast pipe that cloth bag communicates that gathers dust, in loading head support body, be provided with loading head conveyor screw device, loading head support body below is provided with finished product discharge nozzle.Material-gathering device can also play the effect of dedusting clean environment here, ensure in broken stalk can also protective effect, plays the effect of environmental protection, has suitable practicality.
Frame is notch cuttype, also comprises 1 or 2 crusher chamber with working roll and stationary knife device in frame, and crusher chamber is staged and distributes in frame.Frame is notch cuttype, and crusher chamber can shift to install according to ladder, is conducive to further material be carried out to fragmentation, can obtain desirable particle diameter on the one hand, can save on the other hand the energy.
The speed changer that can regulate one-level rotor and secondary axle rotational speed is also set on power set.Speed changer can regulate one-level rotor and secondary axle rotational speed to improve breaking capacity and to save the energy according to the actual requirements.The rotating speed of one-level rotor and secondary rotor must be suitable, and too little breaking capacity is not enough to shred stalk cannot be by stalks cutting to desirable particle diameter, the excessive parts that can wear and tear, and power also can waste energy.
To sum up, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1, the present invention divides one-level, secondary rotor to be arranged, can extend material and in disintegrating machine, stop the broken time, and one-level, secondary rotor High Rotation Speed under the drive of power set can carry out high speed impact fragmentation to material, thereby obtain desirable broken particle diameter, improve effective utilization of living beings soft material;
2, the present invention is furnished with respectively stationary knife device to one-level rotor and secondary rotor simultaneously, one-level rotor and secondary rotor are in broken stalk, can also uninterruptedly clear up one-level rotor and secondary rotor, make that stalk can not be wound around working roll in shattering process, clogging;
3, to design the knife-blade opening angle of stationary knife device be 15-30 ° in the present invention, and sharp-edged, can eliminate the winding of material fast, improves elimination efficiency, reduces and be wound around clogging, is conducive to the raising of disintegrating machine treatment effeciency and ability;
4, the present invention arranges dust-precipitator and can also play the effect of pure air, reaches the effect of environmental protection, has practicality.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structure chart of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is structure chart of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is structure chart of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is constitutional diagram of the present utility model.
Mark and corresponding parts title in accompanying drawing:
1, frame, 101, the first crusher chamber, 102, the second crusher chamber, 2, one-level rotor, 3, secondary rotor, 4, one-level stationary knife device, 5, secondary stationary knife device, 6, poking device, 7, power set, 8, material pipe, 9, loading head support body, 10, the loading head cloth bag that gathers dust, 11, blast pipe, 12, loading head conveyor screw device, 13, finished product discharge nozzle, 14, Weighing type apron feeder, 15, feed belt turnabout roller.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing, the utility model is done to detailed description further, but embodiment of the present utility model is not limited to this.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 1, straw crusher, comprise disintegrating machine body, disintegrating machine body comprises frame 1 and is arranged on the power set 7 on frame 1 right side, in frame 1, comprise the first crusher chamber 101 and the second crusher chamber 102 that is positioned at the first crusher chamber 101 right sides, in the first crusher chamber 101, be provided with one-level rotor 2 and one-level stationary knife device 4, on one-level rotor 2, comprise multiple blades of arranging twist, one-level rotor 2 tops are provided with to be to be crisscross arranged with the blade of one-level rotor 2 and coordinate the one-level stationary knife device 4 of cutting material; In the second crusher chamber 102, be provided with secondary rotor 3 and secondary stationary knife device 5, secondary rotor 3 is for being provided with multiple blades of arranging twist, secondary rotor 3 tops are provided with the blade of secondary rotor 3 and are crisscross arranged and coordinate the further secondary stationary knife device 5 of cutting material, between one-level rotor 2 and secondary rotor 3, are connected by transmission device;
Power set 7 and secondary rotor 3 are in transmission connection;
Frame 1 left side is provided with charging aperture, and frame 1 right side is provided with discharging opening.
Power of the present invention is provided by power set 7, be transferred to secondary rotor 3 by belt pulley, drive secondary rotor 3 High Rotation Speeds, be delivered to one-level rotor 2 by secondary rotor 3 again, drive one-level rotor 2 High Rotation Speeds, thereby material is carried out to high-speed breakage, in broken, can shred in time and remove the material being wrapped on rotor because of the setting of stationary knife device.Rotor plays main fragmentation work, and stationary knife device plays cleaning and addi-tional crusher.
When broken stalk, start power set 7, stalk is sent into charging aperture, carry out again broken for the first time through the one-level rotor 2 of High Rotation Speed, material after fragmentation is after the cleaning and addi-tional crusher of one-level stationary knife device 4, and the secondary rotor 3 that utilizes rotor high speed rotating to drive the moving air producing that material is sent into High Rotation Speed by aerodynamic principle carries out break process, and same after the cleaning and addi-tional crusher of secondary stationary knife device 5, sent by discharging opening, complete whole broken work.
One-level stationary knife device 4 or secondary stationary knife device 5 comprise knife rest and be installed in parallel in the multiple blades on knife rest, and the blade opening angle of each blade is 15-30 °.
Being arranged on when ensureing its intensity and wearability of the blade opening angle of stationary knife device, can form sharper keen cutting edge, and flexible material is carried out to impact grinding.
The first crusher chamber 101 is positioned at the upper left side of the second crusher chamber 102.Being crisscross arranged of position height is conducive to enter smoothly the second crusher chamber 102 under the drive of the moving air that the material after fragmentation for the first time not only can bring in one-level rotor 2 high speed rotating speed, can also utilize the effect of self gravitation to enter the second crusher chamber 102 simultaneously, can suitably adjust rotating speed to a certain extent and easily material be sent in flow process and carried out operation, playing and save that the energy reduces costs and the effect that can achieve the goal.
Embodiment 2:
As shown in Figure 2, similar with embodiment 1, also comprise feed arrangement, feed arrangement comprise charging aperture left side the poking device 6 being in transmission connection with one-level rotor 2 that is positioned at frame 1 outside, the Weighing type apron feeder 14 of the below that charging is positioned at poking device 6 is provided and is positioned at the feed well of Weighing type apron feeder 14 tops, Weighing type apron feeder 14 comprises feed belt turnabout roller 15 and is wrapped in the feed belt on feed belt turnabout roller 15, and feed belt turnabout roller 15 and poking device 6 are in transmission connection.Feed arrangement is set and can full automaticly carries out break process, only stalk need be put into feed well, stalk will be sent to and on Weighing type apron feeder 14, be transmitted belt after weighing and deliver to poking device 6 belows, rotarily drives stalk send into charging aperture by poking device 6, continues broken process.
Embodiment 3
As shown in Figure 3, similar with embodiment 1, material-gathering device comprises the material pipe 8 being connected with discharging opening entering for material stream passed, material pipe 8 right sides are provided with and expect to manage the 8 loading head support bodys 9 that are connected, loading head support body 9 tops are provided with the loading head cloth bag 10 that gathers dust, loading head gathers dust and is provided with on cloth bag 10 and the loading head blast pipe 11 that cloth bag 10 communicates that gathers dust, and is provided with loading head conveyor screw device 12 in loading head support body 9, and loading head support body 9 belows are provided with finished product discharge nozzle 13.Material-gathering device can also play the effect of dedusting clean environment here, ensure in broken stalk can also protective effect, plays the effect of environmental protection, has suitable practicality.
Embodiment 4
Similar with embodiment 1, frame 1 is notch cuttype, also comprises 1 or 2 crusher chamber with rotor and stationary knife device in frame 1, and crusher chamber is staged and distributes in frame 1.Frame 1 is notch cuttype, and crusher chamber can shift to install according to ladder, is conducive to further material be carried out to fragmentation, can obtain desirable particle diameter on the one hand, can save on the other hand the energy.
The speed changer that can regulate one-level rotor 2 and secondary rotor 3 rotating speeds is also set on power set 7.Speed changer can regulate one-level rotor 2 and secondary rotor 3 rotating speeds to improve breaking capacity and to save the energy according to the actual requirements.The rotating speed of one-level rotor 2 and secondary rotor 3 must be suitable, and the too little breaking capacity of rotating speed is not enough to shred stalk cannot be by stalks cutting to desirable particle diameter, the excessive parts that can wear and tear, and power also can waste energy.
As mentioned above, can realize preferably the utility model.

Claims (7)

1. straw crusher, it is characterized in that, comprise disintegrating machine body, disintegrating machine body comprises frame (1) and is arranged on the power set (7) on frame (1) right side, in frame (1), comprise the first crusher chamber (101) and be positioned at second crusher chamber (102) on the first crusher chamber (101) right side, in the first crusher chamber (101), be provided with one-level rotor (2) and one-level stationary knife device (4), on one-level rotor (2), comprise multiple blades of arranging twist, one-level rotor (2) top is provided with to be to be crisscross arranged with the blade of one-level rotor (2) and coordinates the one-level stationary knife device (4) of cutting material, in the second crusher chamber (102), be provided with secondary rotor (3) and secondary stationary knife device (5), secondary rotor (3) is for being provided with multiple blades of arranging twist, secondary rotor (3) top is provided with the blade of secondary rotor (3) and is crisscross arranged and coordinates the further secondary stationary knife device (5) of cutting material, between one-level rotor (2) and secondary rotor (3), is connected by transmission device,
Power set (7) and secondary rotor (3) are in transmission connection;
Frame (1) left side is provided with charging aperture, and frame (1) right side is provided with discharging opening.
2. straw crusher according to claim 1, is characterized in that, one-level stationary knife device (4) or secondary stationary knife device (5) comprise knife rest and be installed in parallel in the multiple blades on knife rest, and the blade opening angle of each blade is 15-30 °.
3. straw crusher according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the first crusher chamber (101) is positioned at the upper left side of the second crusher chamber (102).
4. according to the straw crusher described in claim 1-3 any one, it is characterized in that, also comprise feed arrangement, feed arrangement comprises the poking device (6) being in transmission connection with one-level rotor (2) that is positioned at frame (1) outside in charging aperture left side, the Weighing type apron feeder (14) of the below that charging is positioned at poking device (6) is provided and is positioned at the feed well of Weighing type apron feeder (14) top, Weighing type apron feeder (14) comprises feed belt turnabout roller (15) and is wrapped in the feed belt on feed belt turnabout roller (15), feed belt turnabout roller (15) and poking device (6) are in transmission connection.
5. straw crusher according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, also comprise material-gathering device, material-gathering device comprises the material pipe (8) being connected with discharging opening entering for material stream passed, material pipe (8) right side is provided with and expects the loading head support body (9) that pipe (8) is connected, loading head support body (9) top is provided with the loading head cloth bag (10) that gathers dust, loading head gathers dust and is provided with on cloth bag (10) and the loading head blast pipe (11) that cloth bag (10) communicates that gathers dust, in loading head support body (9), be provided with loading head conveyor screw device (12), loading head support body (9) below is provided with finished product discharge nozzle (13).
6. straw crusher according to claim 5, is characterized in that, frame (1) is notch cuttype, also comprises 1 or 2 crusher chamber with rotor and stationary knife device in frame (1), and crusher chamber is staged and distributes in frame (1).
7. straw crusher according to claim 5, is characterized in that, the speed changer that can regulate one-level rotor (2) and secondary rotor (3) rotating speed is also set on power set (7).
CN201420242597.6U 2014-05-13 2014-05-13 Straw crusher Expired - Fee Related CN203788760U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420242597.6U CN203788760U (en) 2014-05-13 2014-05-13 Straw crusher

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420242597.6U CN203788760U (en) 2014-05-13 2014-05-13 Straw crusher

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203788760U true CN203788760U (en) 2014-08-27

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103931369A (en) * 2014-05-13 2014-07-23 绵阳金泰机械设备制造有限公司 Straw crusher
CN105103799A (en) * 2015-09-10 2015-12-02 红安县红友机耕船有限公司 Efficient straw recycling machine
CN106489460A (en) * 2016-10-12 2017-03-15 山东省农业机械科学研究院 Large-scale vertical stalk crasher
CN108855354A (en) * 2018-06-12 2018-11-23 衢州市科诚技术开发有限公司 A kind of stalk crushing plant
CN110214560A (en) * 2019-07-01 2019-09-10 王星 A kind of straw from village efficient pulverizing recyclable device

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103931369A (en) * 2014-05-13 2014-07-23 绵阳金泰机械设备制造有限公司 Straw crusher
CN105103799A (en) * 2015-09-10 2015-12-02 红安县红友机耕船有限公司 Efficient straw recycling machine
CN106489460A (en) * 2016-10-12 2017-03-15 山东省农业机械科学研究院 Large-scale vertical stalk crasher
CN108855354A (en) * 2018-06-12 2018-11-23 衢州市科诚技术开发有限公司 A kind of stalk crushing plant
CN110214560A (en) * 2019-07-01 2019-09-10 王星 A kind of straw from village efficient pulverizing recyclable device

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140827

Termination date: 20180513