CN203785152U - Evaporation and condensation type heating and cooling air conditioner - Google Patents

Evaporation and condensation type heating and cooling air conditioner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203785152U
CN203785152U CN201420199225.XU CN201420199225U CN203785152U CN 203785152 U CN203785152 U CN 203785152U CN 201420199225 U CN201420199225 U CN 201420199225U CN 203785152 U CN203785152 U CN 203785152U
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China
Prior art keywords
valve
pipe
water
connects
port
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CN201420199225.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
倪仁建
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倪仁建
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Priority to CN201420199225.XU priority Critical patent/CN203785152U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an evaporation and condensation type heating and coolingair conditioner. An outlet end of a compressor is connected with a four-way valve; outlets of the four-way valve are connected with an inlet end of a radiator, an evaporation plate type heat exchanger and an evaporatorfluorine outlet pipe respectively through a first channel, a second channel and a third channel; an outlet end of the radiator is connected with an inlet end of a drier filter through a first one-way valve; the evaporation plate type heat exchanger is connected with the inlet end of the drier filter through a second one-way valve; an outlet end of thedrier filter is connected with an inlet end of an expansion valve through a liquid storage device; an outlet end of theexpansion valve is connected with the evaporation plate type heat exchanger through a third one-way valve and connected with an inlet end of a two-way valve; an outlet end of the two-way valve is connected with an evaporator through an evaporatorfluorine inlet pipe; the evaporator is connected with an inlet end of a gas-liquid separator through theevaporatorfluorine outlet pipe; and an outlet end of the gas-liquid separator is connected with an inlet end of the compressor. The evaporation and condensation type heating and coolingair conditioner is good in reliability and high in efficiency.

Description

A kind of evaporating condensation type air conditioner
Technical field
The utility model belongs to air-conditioning technical field, especially relates to a kind of evaporating condensation type air conditioner.
Background technology
When evaporating condensation type air conditioner is in the time carrying out heating operation, if the temperature of outdoor environment is too low, the easy frosting of the evaporimeter of air-conditioning, when evaporimeter frosting must defrost to a certain extent time, otherwise will affect the heating effect of air-conditioning.The defrosting action of common evaporating condensation type air conditioner is generally the switching of cross valve, switch to refrigerating operaton by heating operation, if the switching of cross valve is too frequent, affect first the service life of cross valve, second reduce heating effect, affect the comfort level that air-conditioning uses.The refrigerating circuit of existing evaporating condensation type air conditioner all configures multiple magnetic valves or multiple cross valve, refrigerant circulation circuit complex structure, and valve has leakage unavoidably, and fault rate is high, poor reliability, efficiency is lower.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, and a kind of good reliability is provided, the evaporating condensation type air conditioner that efficiency is high.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution of the utility model is: a kind of evaporating condensation type air conditioner, comprise compressor, cross valve, radiator, device for drying and filtering, reservoir, expansion valve, evaporation plate is changed, evaporimeter and gas-liquid separator, described compressor outlet connects cross valve, described cross valve outlet connects radiator entrance point by first passage, cross valve outlet connects evaporation plate by second channel and changes, cross valve outlet connects evaporimeter by third channel and goes out fluorine pipe, the water pipe of described radiator inside and water tank and cascade form water circulation, water through cascade is lowered the temperature by refrigeration fan, described radiator outlet end connects device for drying and filtering entrance point by the first check valve, the water route that described evaporation plate is changed inner water pipe and indoor set forms water circulation, the water inlet pipe place that described indoor set changes to evaporation plate connects defrosting hot-water line by defrosting magnetic valve, described evaporation plate is changed by the second check valve and is connected device for drying and filtering entrance point, the described device for drying and filtering port of export connects expansion valve entrance point by reservoir, the described expansion valve port of export connects evaporation plate by the 3rd check valve and changes, the expansion valve port of export connects two-port valve entrance point, the described two-port valve port of export enters fluorine pipe by evaporimeter and connects evaporimeter, described evaporimeter is positioned at vaporization chamber, evaporimeter is made up of copper pipe, evaporimeter top is provided with defrosting hot-water line, described vaporization chamber top is provided with and heats blower fan, described evaporimeter goes out fluorine pipe by evaporimeter and connects gas-liquid separator entrance point, the described gas-liquid separator port of export connects compressor inlet.
Described water tank upper end connects filling pipe and overflow pipe, in water tank, be provided with ball float with filling pipe joint, water tank bottom is provided with drainpipe, water tank lower end is connected to overflow pipe lower end by blowoff electromagnetic valve, water tank lower end connects the water inlet of radiator by water pump, described exit of pump is provided with non-freezing drainage valve, the delivery port of described radiator arrives shower through cascade chamber, described cascade chamber is positioned at water tank top, cascade chamber wall is provided with cascade, cascade top is provided with shower, and top, described cascade chamber is equipped with air-cooler.
Three coiling copper pipes of described vaporization chamber, described copper pipe outer wall is provided with fin, copper pipe is divided into three groups and is arranged side by side up and down, described evaporimeter enter fluorine pipe by enter fluorine take over be communicated with every group of copper pipe enter fluorine end, described evaporimeter go out fluorine pipe by go out fluorine take over be communicated with every group of copper pipe go out fluorine end, described defrosting hot-water line is positioned at copper pipe top place and is provided with some hot water outlets.
The port of export of described the first check valve connects the port of export of the second check valve.
The port of export of described the 3rd check valve connects the entrance point of the second check valve.
Described compressor inlet is provided with low pressure gauge and low pressure fluoridize mouth.
Described compressor outlet is provided with high-pressure manometer and high pressure fluoridize mouth.
Described copper pipe is provided with defrosting temperature sensor.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: when refrigeration, water through radiator absorbs heat, temperature rise, water gets off to pass through cascade from shower, now refrigeration fan is duty, to take away through the heat in the water of cascade, the temperature of water declines and gets back to water tank and proceed water circulation, and blowoff electromagnetic valve arranges and can carry out blowdown by time opening according to system; While heating, the water that can give out light in radiator by opening non-freezing drainage valve, prevent bad radiator of the too low ice of temperature, copper pipe is divided into three groups, has accelerated flowing of refrigerant, improved heating efficiency, and by defrosting temperature sensor senses copper pipe temperature, open in time defrosting magnetic valve, the hot water outlet of the through copper pipe of the hot water top in indoor set is sprayed and get off to carry out defrost, strengthen heating effect.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is operation principle schematic diagram of the present utility model (solid line Wei Fu road, dotted line is water route);
The water route schematic diagram of radiator when Fig. 2 is the utility model refrigeration;
Fig. 3 is the work schematic diagram of the utility model evaporimeter while heating.
In figure: compressor 1, cross valve 2, radiator 3, device for drying and filtering 4, reservoir 5, expansion valve 6, evaporation plate changes 7, two-port valve 8, evaporimeter 9, gas-liquid separator 10, water tank 11, cascade 12, refrigeration fan 13, heat blower fan 14, indoor set 15, first passage 16, second channel 17, third channel 18, the first check valve 19, the second check valve 20, the 3rd check valve 21, defrosting magnetic valve 22, low pressure gauge 23, low pressure fluoridize mouth 24, high-pressure manometer 25, high pressure fluoridize mouth 26, defrosting temperature sensor 27, cascade chamber 28, filling pipe 29, ball float 30, overflow pipe 31, blowoff electromagnetic valve 32, drainpipe 33, water pump 34, non-freezing drainage valve 35, shower 36, copper pipe 37, fin 38, evaporimeter enters fluorine pipe 39, evaporimeter goes out fluorine pipe 40, defrosting hot-water line 41, enter fluorine and take over 42, go out fluorine and take over 43, hot water outlet 44, vaporization chamber 45.
Detailed description of the invention
Below by embodiment, and by reference to the accompanying drawings, the technical solution of the utility model is described in further detail.
As shown in FIG. 1 to 3, a kind of evaporating condensation type air conditioner, comprise compressor 1, cross valve 2, radiator 3, device for drying and filtering 4, reservoir 5, expansion valve 6, evaporation plate changes 7, evaporimeter 9 and gas-liquid separator 10, described compressor 1 port of export connects cross valve 2, described cross valve 2 exports by first passage 16 and connects radiator 3 entrance points, cross valve 2 exports and connects evaporation plate by second channel 17 and change 7, cross valve 2 exports and connects evaporimeter by third channel 18 and go out fluorine pipe 40, the water pipe of described radiator 3 inside and water tank 11 and cascade 12 form water circulation, water through cascade 12 is lowered the temperature by refrigeration fan 13, described radiator 3 ports of export connect device for drying and filtering 4 entrance points by the first check valve 19, described evaporation plate changes the water pipe of 7 inside and the water route of indoor set 15 forms water circulation, described indoor set 15 changes 7 water inlet pipe place by defrosting magnetic valve 22 connection defrosting hot-water lines 41 to evaporation plate, described evaporation plate is changed 7 and is connected device for drying and filtering 4 entrance points by the second check valve 20, described device for drying and filtering 4 ports of export connect expansion valve 6 entrance points by reservoir 5, described expansion valve 6 ports of export connect evaporation plate by the 3rd check valve 21 and change 7, expansion valve 6 ports of export connect two-port valve 8 entrance points, described two-port valve 8 ports of export enter fluorine pipe 39 by evaporimeter and connect evaporimeter 9, described evaporimeter 9 is positioned at vaporization chamber 45, evaporimeter 9 is made up of copper pipe 37, evaporimeter 9 tops are provided with defrosting hot-water line 41, described vaporization chamber 45 tops are provided with and heat blower fan 14, described evaporimeter 9 goes out fluorine pipe 40 by evaporimeter and connects gas-liquid separator 10 entrance points, described gas-liquid separator 10 ports of export connect compressor 1 entrance point.
Described water tank 11 upper ends connect filling pipe 29 and overflow pipe 31, in water tank 11, be provided with ball float 30 with filling pipe 29 joints, water tank 11 bottoms are provided with drainpipe 33, water tank 11 lower ends are connected to overflow pipe 31 lower ends by blowoff electromagnetic valve 32, water tank 11 lower ends connect the water inlet of radiator 3 by water pump 34, described water pump 34 outlets are provided with non-freezing drainage valve 35, the delivery port of described radiator 3 arrives shower 36 through cascade chamber 28, described cascade chamber 28 is positioned at water tank 11 tops, cascade chamber 28 walls are provided with cascade 12, cascade 12 tops are provided with shower 36, 28 tops, described cascade chamber are equipped with air-cooler 13.
45 3 coiling copper pipes 37 of described vaporization chamber, described copper pipe 37 outer walls are provided with fin 38, copper pipe 37 is divided into three groups and is arranged side by side up and down, described evaporimeter enter fluorine pipe 39 by enter fluorine take over 42 be communicated with every group of copper pipe 37 enter fluorine end, described evaporimeter go out fluorine pipe 40 by go out fluorine take over 43 be communicated with every group of copper pipe 37 go out fluorine end, described defrosting hot-water line 41 is positioned at copper pipe 37 top places and is provided with some hot water outlets 44.
The port of export of described the first check valve 19 connects the port of export of the second check valve 20.
The port of export of described the 3rd check valve 21 connects the entrance point of the second check valve 20.
Described compressor 1 entrance point is provided with low pressure gauge 23 and low pressure fluoridize mouth 24.
Described compressor 1 port of export is provided with high-pressure manometer 25 and high pressure fluoridize mouth 26.
Described copper pipe 37 is provided with defrosting temperature sensor 27.
Operation principle of the present utility model: when refrigeration, compressor 1 is compressed into refrigerant the gas-liquid mixture of HTHP, now cross valve 2 no powers, refrigerant enters radiator 3 from first passage 16, water in radiator 3 absorbs the heat of refrigerant and temperature raises, water enters cascade 12 from shower 36, now refrigeration fan 13 is in running order, refrigeration fan 13 blows away the heat in water, make to come back to water tank 11 after the coolant-temperature gage in cascade 12 reduces, water tank 11 can carry out moisturizing by filling pipe 29, in the time that water level is too high, pass through overflow pipe 31 spilling waters, according to system, time opening blowoff electromagnetic valve 32 is set and carries out blowdown, also can manually discharge water by drainpipe 33, water pump 34 is delivered to the water in water tank 11 in the water pipe in radiator 3 continually, when winter air-conditioning in the time heating state, can open non-freezing drainage valve 35 and put the water in dry radiator 3, prevent that radiator 3 is damaged by frost, the refrigerant of going out from radiator 3 has become the liquid of high pressure low temperature, after then absorbing the moisture in refrigerant by device for drying and filtering 4, be stored in reservoir 5, liquid coolant becomes gaseous coolant through expansion valve 6, now two-port valve 8 not conductings, refrigerant enters evaporation plate through the 3rd check valve 21 and changes 7, because the pressure of radiator 3 ports of export is higher than the pressure of the second check valve 20 entrance points, therefore the refrigerant after the 3rd check valve 21 can not circulate by the second check valve 20, evaporation plate changes that water in 7 absorbs the cold of refrigerant and temperature reduces, the blower fan of indoor set 15 brushes cold water and freezes, change 7 refrigerant through evaporation plate and from second channel 17 enters third channel 18, arrive gas-liquid separator 10, return compressor 1, low pressure gauge 23 and high-pressure manometer 25 can be paid close attention to running state of air conditioner at any time, in the time of cold medium shortage, can add by low pressure fluoridize mouth 24 or high pressure fluoridize mouth 26, also can utilize low pressure fluoridize mouth 24 or high pressure fluoridize mouth 26 to vacuumize, utilize low pressure fluoridize mouth 24 and high pressure fluoridize mouth 26 vacuumizing effects better simultaneously.
While heating, compressor 1 is compressed into refrigerant the gas-liquid mixture of HTHP, now cross valve 2 is switched on, first passage 16 not conductings, second channel 17 conductings, refrigerant enters evaporation plate and changes 7, evaporation plate changes that water in 7 absorbs the heat of refrigerant and temperature raises, the blower fan of indoor set 15 brushes hot water and heats, evaporation plate is changed 7 refrigerants out and has become the liquid of high pressure low temperature, refrigerant is through the second check valve 20 process device for drying and filtering 4 and reservoirs 5, in expansion valve 6, become gaseous coolant, now two-port valve 8 conductings, and the 3rd check valve 21 port of export pressure are higher than its entrance point pressure, therefore refrigerant can not circulate from the 3rd check valve 21, refrigerant arrives evaporimeter 9 through two-port valve 8, refrigerant is emitted cold on evaporimeter 9, now heat blower fan 14 in running order, cold is blown to outside, in the time that temperature is too low, meeting frosting on evaporimeter 9, the temperature sensor 27 that now defrosts senses that temperature is too low, by the startup magnetic valve 22 that defrosts, a part of hot water in indoor set 15 is watered to defrost on copper pipe 37 from defrosting hot-water line 41 by hot water outlet 44 ejections, refrigerant enters gas-liquid separator 10 after evaporimeter 9, finally get back to compressor 1.

Claims (8)

1. an evaporating condensation type air conditioner, comprise compressor (1), cross valve (2), radiator (3), device for drying and filtering (4), reservoir (5), expansion valve (6), evaporation plate is changed (7), evaporimeter (9) and gas-liquid separator (10), it is characterized in that: described compressor (1) port of export connects cross valve (2), described cross valve (2) outlet connects radiator (3) entrance point by first passage (16), cross valve (2) outlet connects evaporation plate by second channel (17) and changes (7), cross valve (2) outlet connects evaporimeter by third channel (18) and goes out fluorine pipe (40), the water pipe that described radiator (3) is inner and water tank (11) and cascade (12) form water circulation, water through cascade (12) is lowered the temperature by refrigeration fan (13), described radiator (3) port of export connects device for drying and filtering (4) entrance point by the first check valve (19), the water route that described evaporation plate is changed (7) inner water pipe and indoor set (15) forms water circulation, described indoor set (15) changes (7) water inlet pipe place to evaporation plate connects defrosting hot-water line (41) by defrosting magnetic valve (22), described evaporation plate is changed (7) and is connected device for drying and filtering (4) entrance point by the second check valve (20), described device for drying and filtering (4) port of export connects expansion valve (6) entrance point by reservoir (5), described expansion valve (6) port of export connects evaporation plate by the 3rd check valve (21) and changes (7), expansion valve (6) port of export connects two-port valve (8) entrance point, described two-port valve (8) port of export enters fluorine pipe (39) by evaporimeter and connects evaporimeter (9), described evaporimeter (9) is positioned at vaporization chamber (45), evaporimeter (9) is made up of copper pipe (37), evaporimeter (9) top is provided with defrosting hot-water line (41), described vaporization chamber (45) top is provided with and heats blower fan (14), described evaporimeter (9) goes out fluorine pipe (40) by evaporimeter and connects gas-liquid separator (10) entrance point, described gas-liquid separator (10) port of export connects compressor (1) entrance point.
2. a kind of evaporating condensation type air conditioner as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described water tank (11) upper end connects filling pipe (29) and overflow pipe (31), in water tank (11), be provided with ball float (30) with filling pipe (29) joint, water tank (11) bottom is provided with drainpipe (33), water tank (11) lower end is connected to overflow pipe (31) lower end by blowoff electromagnetic valve (32), water tank (11) lower end connects the water inlet of radiator (3) by water pump (34), described water pump (34) outlet is provided with non-freezing drainage valve (35), the delivery port of described radiator (3) arrives shower (36) through cascade chamber (28), described cascade chamber (28) is positioned at water tank (11) top, cascade chamber (28) wall is provided with cascade (12), cascade (12) top is provided with shower (36), top, described cascade chamber (28) is equipped with air-cooler (13).
3. a kind of evaporating condensation type air conditioner as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described (45) three coiling copper pipes of vaporization chamber (37), described copper pipe (37) outer wall is provided with fin (38), copper pipe (37) is divided into three groups and is arranged side by side up and down, described evaporimeter enters fluorine pipe (39) and enters fluorine end by what enter that fluorine takes over that (42) be communicated with every group of copper pipe (37), described evaporimeter goes out fluorine pipe (40) and goes out fluorine end by what go out that fluorine takes over that (43) be communicated with every group of copper pipe (37), described defrosting hot-water line (41) is positioned at copper pipe (37) top place and is provided with some hot water outlets (44).
4. a kind of evaporating condensation type air conditioner as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the port of export of described the first check valve (19) connects the port of export of the second check valve (20).
5. a kind of evaporating condensation type air conditioner as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the port of export of described the 3rd check valve (21) connects the entrance point of the second check valve (20).
6. a kind of evaporating condensation type air conditioner as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described compressor (1) entrance point is provided with low pressure gauge (23) and low pressure fluoridize mouth (24).
7. a kind of evaporating condensation type air conditioner as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described compressor (1) port of export is provided with high-pressure manometer (25) and high pressure fluoridize mouth (26).
8. a kind of evaporating condensation type air conditioner as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described copper pipe (37) is provided with defrosting temperature sensor (27).
CN201420199225.XU 2014-04-20 2014-04-20 Evaporation and condensation type heating and cooling air conditioner CN203785152U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420199225.XU CN203785152U (en) 2014-04-20 2014-04-20 Evaporation and condensation type heating and cooling air conditioner

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420199225.XU CN203785152U (en) 2014-04-20 2014-04-20 Evaporation and condensation type heating and cooling air conditioner

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104390401A (en) * 2014-11-22 2015-03-04 湖南科技大学 Hot-air defrosting air source heat pump
CN104848487A (en) * 2015-05-14 2015-08-19 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Intelligent maintenance control system and method
CN105020815A (en) * 2014-04-20 2015-11-04 倪仁建 Evaporation condensation type air conditioner
CN110553438A (en) * 2019-09-02 2019-12-10 全谷制冷空调(上海)有限公司 Unit type refrigerator
CN110553437A (en) * 2019-09-02 2019-12-10 全谷制冷空调(上海)有限公司 Hot defrosting direct current frequency conversion compression condensing unit
CN110553418A (en) * 2019-09-02 2019-12-10 全谷制冷空调(上海)有限公司 Multi-connected refrigerator

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105020815A (en) * 2014-04-20 2015-11-04 倪仁建 Evaporation condensation type air conditioner
CN105020815B (en) * 2014-04-20 2017-09-26 倪仁建 A kind of evaporating condensation type air conditioner
CN104390401A (en) * 2014-11-22 2015-03-04 湖南科技大学 Hot-air defrosting air source heat pump
CN104390401B (en) * 2014-11-22 2016-07-06 湖南科技大学 A kind of hot-air frost removal type air source heat pump
CN104848487A (en) * 2015-05-14 2015-08-19 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Intelligent maintenance control system and method
CN104848487B (en) * 2015-05-14 2018-07-06 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Intelligent maintenance control system and method
CN110553438A (en) * 2019-09-02 2019-12-10 全谷制冷空调(上海)有限公司 Unit type refrigerator
CN110553437A (en) * 2019-09-02 2019-12-10 全谷制冷空调(上海)有限公司 Hot defrosting direct current frequency conversion compression condensing unit
CN110553418A (en) * 2019-09-02 2019-12-10 全谷制冷空调(上海)有限公司 Multi-connected refrigerator

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140820

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee