CN203777533U - Portable dust removal device - Google Patents

Portable dust removal device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203777533U
CN203777533U CN201420186077.8U CN201420186077U CN203777533U CN 203777533 U CN203777533 U CN 203777533U CN 201420186077 U CN201420186077 U CN 201420186077U CN 203777533 U CN203777533 U CN 203777533U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
labyrinth
housing
liquid
gas phase
phase labyrinth
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420186077.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙宜华
卢遥
方亮
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China Three Gorges University CTGU
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China Three Gorges University CTGU
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Priority to CN201420186077.8U priority Critical patent/CN203777533U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a portable dust removal device, and relates to the field of haze prevention and control. The portable dust removal device comprises a shell, wherein an air inlet pipe is communicated with the lower portion of the shell, the upper portion of the shell is communicated with a mask through a connecting pipe, liquid is arranged in the shell, a gas phase labyrinth is arranged in an inner cavity of the shell, and according to the gas phase labyrinth, at least the windward side is provided with an adsorption layer. Through the match of the arranged gas phase labyrinth and the adsorption layer, while an air path is prolonged through the gas phase labyrinth, air is made to turn many times, and dust in the air makes contact with the adsorption layer and is adsorbed by the adsorption layer due to the centrifugal force generated by turning, so that the dust and tiny particulate matter in the air are reduced. Different from the principles of filtering and spraying in the prior art, compared with a filter, respiratory resistance of the portable dust removal device is very small, normal respiration is hardly not affected, and the portable dust removal device can be used continuously by replacing the liquid in the shell and discharging dregs, and is low in use cost and free of environmental pollution. Compared with a spraying device, the portable dust removal device is dispense with a power source or a pump, use cost is reduced, and no noise exists.

Description

Portable dust device
Technical field
The utility model relates to the field of dedusting and control haze, especially a kind of for preventing and treating the Portable dust device of haze.
Background technology
Under the larger operating mode of dust, for example under haze weather, to work, mostly the safeguard procedures of available technology adopting are to adopt mouth mask or filter mask, utilize filter disc in mouth mask or filter mask by dust filtering in air.Exist problem be, mouth mask or filter disc be difficult to filter short grained dust, the small particle of for example pm2.5 and following grade, the lung that still can enter into human body accumulates, and has a strong impact on healthy.Adopt more accurate filter disc can filter tiny particle, but this also produces new technical problem, more accurate filter disc is easy to be stopped up by dust or fine particle thing, and it is higher frequently to change the cost of filter disc, and the filter disc of changing cannot recycle, and causes new environmental pollution.And use filter disc, after especially more accurate filter disc, respiratory resistance is larger, and expiratory dyspnea, different from eupnea pattern, also can affect healthy.
Also have the mode of spraying and dedusting of employing, but carry out driving pump and supply water to shower nozzle because needs continue power consumption, the ETS estimated time of sailing that continues is shorter, and pump can continue to produce noise, is not suitable for use in the structure of Mobile portable.
Chinese patent literature 202909334U discloses a kind of portable air purifier, adopt the mode of dry, wet two-step purification to purify air, wherein wet level purifies the scheme that has adopted washing, and be provided with the anti-splash ball with dirt filtrating screen hole, be the mode that combines washing and filter, wherein anti-splash ball leaves the water surface.
Chinese patent literature CN 103272465 A, disclose a kind of portable haze purifier, adopt the mode of two-stage washing to purify air, and have adopted small air pump as power source, and the problem of existence is that structure is comparatively complicated, and cruising time is short.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of Portable dust device, without extra power, and good dedusting effect, and respiratory resistance is little, and long-time use cost is low.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the utility model adopts is: a kind of Portable dust device, comprise housing, air inlet pipe is communicated with the bottom of housing, the top of housing is provided with the exhaust outlet for connecting face shield, in housing, be provided with liquid, be provided with gas phase labyrinth at housing inner chamber, described gas phase labyrinth is at least provided with adsorption layer in windward side.
The air inlet of described liquid-immersed air inlet pipe.
Air inlet or air inlet pipe in air inlet pipe are provided with the check valve that prevents liquid backflow.
Described adsorption layer is connected to each other together, and the lower end of adsorption layer is immersed in liquid.
Described gas phase labyrinth is that multistage labyrinth structure is to obtain at least 8 above turnings;
Wherein between the vertical baffle of interlaced arrangement and housing inner chamber, form first order labyrinth, and between the lateral partitions of interlaced arrangement and vertical baffle and housing inner chamber, form labyrinth, the second level;
Or between the lateral partitions of interlaced arrangement and housing inner chamber, form first order labyrinth, and form labyrinth, the second level between the vertical baffle of interlaced arrangement and lateral partitions and housing inner chamber.
Bottom at housing inner chamber is also provided with liquid phase labyrinth, and described liquid phase labyrinth is most of or be all positioned under the liquid level of liquid, and liquid phase labyrinth forms by between the dividing plate of multiple-layer horizontal interlaced arrangement and housing inner chamber, is at least provided with firm thorn layer at the lower surface of dividing plate.
Air inlet pipe is connected with the import in gas phase labyrinth, and the outlet in gas phase labyrinth is connected with the import in liquid phase labyrinth, and the outlet in liquid phase labyrinth is connected with exhaust outlet;
Or air inlet pipe is connected with the import in liquid phase labyrinth, the outlet in liquid phase labyrinth is connected with the import in gas phase labyrinth, and the outlet in gas phase labyrinth is connected with exhaust outlet.
Exhaust outlet is connected with face shield by tube connector, is provided with expiratory one-way valve on face shield.
Exhaust outlet is connected with face shield by tube connector, is also provided with filter and/or adsorbent equipment in face shield.
The bottom of housing is provided with slag-drip opening.
A kind of Portable dust device that the utility model provides, by the gas phase labyrinth of setting and the cooperation of adsorption layer, when wherein gas phase labyrinth extends air path, also make air repeatedly turn, by turning, the centrifugal force producing makes airborne dust contact with adsorption layer, and be adsorbed layer absorption, thereby reduce airborne dust and fine particle thing.All not identical with the principle of filtration of the prior art and spray, compared with filtration, respiratory resistance of the present utility model is very little, can affect hardly eupnea, and be sustainable use by the liquid discharge sediment of changing in housing, use cost is low, environmentally safe.Compared with spray, the utility model, without power supply and pump, has reduced use cost, also there is no noise.Of the present utility modelly be also advantageous in that simple in structure, convenient manufacture, production cost is lower.
In the scheme of further optimizing, coordinate with liquid phase labyrinth structure of the present utility model, the dividing plate of setting can be guaranteed fully contacting of liquid-to-air with firm thorn layer, thereby further reduces airborne dust and fine particle thing.Coordinate after the combination of each prioritization scheme of the present utility model, dust removing effects of the present utility model can reach more than 99%.
Brief description of the drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is described in further detail:
Fig. 1 is the overall structure schematic diagram of embodiment 1 of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the overall structure schematic diagram of embodiment 2 of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is the A-A cross-sectional schematic of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the overall structure schematic diagram of embodiment 3 of the present utility model.
In figure: air inlet pipe 1, the first check valve 2, the second check valves 3, air inlet 4, gas phase labyrinth 5, vertical baffle 51, lateral partitions 52, adsorption layer 53, liquid phase labyrinth 6, dividing plate 61, just thorn layer 62, housing 7, tube connector 8, face shield 9, expiratory one-way valve 10, slag-drip opening 11, liquid 12, exhaust outlet 13.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1:
As shown in fig. 1, a kind of Portable dust device, comprise housing 7, air inlet pipe 1 is communicated with the bottom of housing 7, in this example, the air inlet 4 of air inlet pipe 1 is preferably arranged on the bottom of housing 7, the top of housing 7 is communicated with face shield 9 by tube connector 8, is provided with liquid 12 in housing 7, is provided with gas phase labyrinth 5 at housing 7 inner chambers, described gas phase labyrinth 5 is at least provided with adsorption layer 53 in windward side, it is also feasible that more adsorption layer 53 can be set certainly.Different from prior art, the utility model reduces airborne dust in the mode of absorption, makes adsorption layer 53 keep moistening, the dust in absorbed air and fine particle thing by liquid 12.Structure thus, the utility model does not almost have windage, thereby can not affect eupnea.In Fig. 1, air enters into the gas phase labyrinth 5 of housing 7 inner chambers from the lower end air inlet 4 of air inlet pipe 1, in turning process, airborne dust is because centrifugal action contacts with adsorption layer 53, thereby be attracted on adsorption layer 53, to reduce the entrained dust of air finally entering in face shield 9, provide clean air.This structure is applicable to the less operating mode of dust content.Preferred adsorption layer 53 adopts to be had bigger serface and is beneficial to the fabric that keeps moisture, for example fuzz fabric, and napping cloth or nonwoven, other the tablet with fine hair is also feasible.In use procedure, rock once in a while housing 7, can make the moistening adsorption layer 53 of liquid 12, to improve the adsorption effect of adsorption layer 53, can also clear up the dust of absorption on adsorption layer 53.
Preferred as Fig. 1, described gas phase labyrinth 5 is multistage labyrinth structure, wherein between the vertical baffle 51 of interlaced arrangement and housing 7 inner chambers, form first order labyrinth, and form labyrinth, the second level between the lateral partitions 52 of interlaced arrangement and vertical baffle 51 and housing 7 inner chambers.
Or in Fig. 4, between the lateral partitions 52 of gas phase labyrinth 5 interlaced arrangement and housing 7 inner chambers, form first order labyrinth, and form labyrinth, the second level between the vertical baffle 51 of interlaced arrangement and lateral partitions 52 and housing 7 inner chambers.
By that analogy, also can, according to volume, adopt more multistage labyrinth structure.Structure thus, in increasing air path, also increase the turning number of times of air, for example, more than at least 8 turnings, in the time that wind speed is higher, in the position of turning, the centrifugal force producing gets rid of airborne particle to adsorption layer 53, each turning, all completes the process of a centrifugation, and therefore more turning can better promote the effect of absorption dedusting.From aforesaid, the utility model is mainly to adsorb dedusting as main, and the number of times of more turning can effectively increase the dust that carries in air and the contact probability of adsorption layer 53, thereby has further improved the effect of dedusting.Only need minimum sectional area in air flue to be greater than the minimum sectional area of nasal cavity path in human body, can affect hardly user and breathe normally.
It should be noted that, more turning also can increase vapour lock, therefore, by gas phase labyrinth 5, be set to movable frame structure, it is better can changing according to pollution level, after tested, reach 400 when above at air pollution index, turning number is preferably in 25 ~ 35; And air pollution index reaches at 300 ~ 400 o'clock, turning number is preferably in 20 ~ 25, reaches at 200 ~ 300 o'clock at air pollution index, and turning number is preferably in 15 ~ 20; Reach at 100 ~ 200 o'clock at air pollution index, turning number is preferably in 10 ~ 15.
Preferred scheme is as in Fig. 1, the air inlet 4 of described liquid 12 submergence air inlet pipe 1.Structure thus, air, entering before gas phase labyrinth 5, has also passed through the once program of washing, and the processing intensity that this has reduced gas phase labyrinth 5, has improved dust removing effects.Structure thus, the steam in absorbed air is also convenient in gas phase labyrinth 5, avoids increasing the airborne humidity of discharge.
Preferred scheme, as in Fig. 1,2, is provided with in air inlet 4 or the air inlet pipe 1 of air inlet pipe 1 check valve that prevents liquid backflow.Structure thus, can avoid in motion process, and liquid 12 leaks from air inlet pipe 1, and air can only enter into housing 7 from air inlet pipe 1, and air and liquid all can not be discharged from air inlet pipe 1.In preferred scheme, exhaust outlet 13 is connected with face shield 9 by tube connector 8, is provided with expiratory one-way valve 10 simultaneously on described face shield 9.Structure thus, the waste gas of being convenient to breathe out is discharged, and when air-breathing, this expiratory one-way valve 10 is in closed condition.
Because the utility model has passed through first filtration, the dust carrying in air or particle significantly reduce.Therefore, for requiring extra high occasion, still can use by complement filter device, for example aforesaid accurate filter disc, so that more clean air to be provided, due to through adsorption treatment, can extend the normal service life of accurate filter disc greatly.
In preferred scheme, in described face shield 9, be also provided with adsorbent equipment.The adsorbent equipment is here mainly used in absorption or degraded pernicious gas, such as formaldehyde, sulfur dioxide etc., and conventional adsorbent equipment adopts charcoal, photocatalyst material etc.After combining with structure of the present utility model, also can be extended the service life of adsorbent equipment.
In Fig. 1,2, the bottom of housing 7 is also provided with slag-drip opening 11.Structure thus, is convenient to discharge the interior used liquid of housing 7.
Preferred structure is as in Fig. 3, and described adsorption layer 53 is connected to each other together, and the lower end of adsorption layer 53 is immersed in liquid 12.Structure thus, makes adsorption layer 53 remain moistening by capillary principle, to obtain better adsorption effect, and need not remove frequently to rock housing 7.
The use capable of being combined of above-mentioned prioritization scheme.
Embodiment 2:
Utility model people finds, washing is combined with the scheme of absorption, although can further improve the effect of dedusting, still lower than expection, especially the effect of washing is lower than expection, for example Chinese patent literature CN 103272465 A, the portable haze purifier of disclosed one, even if after two-stage washing, dust removing effects also only has 40% ~ 70%, and relevant with air velocity, in the time that air velocity raises, dust removing effects is tending towards declining.Through carefully analyzing, find in water-washing process, due to the existence of bubble, under the effect of surface tension of water, dust is also insufficient with contacting of water, has therefore affected the effect of water washing dedust.
For overcoming above-mentioned technical problem, on the basis of embodiment 1 as shown in Figure 2 in prioritization scheme, bottom at housing 7 inner chambers is also provided with liquid phase labyrinth 6, liquid phase labyrinth in this example 6 is most of or be all positioned under the liquid level of liquid 12, the bubble forming due to air is entering after housing can raising of water level, and to be therefore positioned under liquid level be feasible to liquid phase labyrinth 6 major parts.Gas phase labyrinth 5 is set above liquid phase labyrinth 6.In this example, preferably air inlet pipe 1 is arranged on to the sidewall of housing 7 near bottom, or the bottom position of close sidewall.To extend air path.
Liquid phase labyrinth 6 is by forming between the dividing plate 61 of multi-layer intercrossed layout and housing 7 inner chambers, and preferred dividing plate 61 all becomes horizontally disposed, is at least provided with firm thorn layers 62 at the lower surface of dividing plate 61, and the bottom in liquid phase labyrinth 6 is higher than the air inlet 4 of air inlet pipe 1.The effect that liquid phase labyrinth 6 is set is that the air that makes to enter in housing 7 fully contacts with liquid 12, further to improve the effect of dedusting.The firm thorn layer 62 arranging adopts the structure that in similar VELCRO, rigidity thorn hooks, utilize the rigidity of just having stung in layer 62 to puncture and cut bubble, roll in the process of advancing along horizontally disposed dividing plate 61 lower surfaces in liquid phase labyrinth 6 at bubble, just thorn layer 62 continues to puncture and cut bubble, the dust further carrying in increase air and the contact probability of liquid 12, thereby the effect of raising liquid adsorption dust, as shown in Figure 2, bubble can be tending towards diminishing, thereby has increased and the contact area of water.Although can slightly increase the windage of breathing, but this dust removing effects of optimizing structure is ideal, dust removing effects can reach more than 95%, is highly suitable for the operating mode that dust content is higher, is especially applicable to the higher operating mode of small particle content of pm2.5 and following grade.
Embodiment 3:
On the basis of embodiment 1 and 2, optional scheme is as in Fig. 4, and air inlet pipe 1 is connected with the import in gas phase labyrinth 5, and the outlet in gas phase labyrinth 5 is connected with the import in liquid phase labyrinth 6, and the outlet in liquid phase labyrinth 6 is connected with exhaust outlet 13; Structure thus, first adsorb the dust of larger particles by gas phase labyrinth 5, for example dust more than pm10, adsorb more short grained dust by liquid phase labyrinth 6 again, can better bring into play adsorption efficiency, especially can improve the adsorption capacity of liquid in liquid phase labyrinth 6, can adsorb more particle and change again liquid afterwards.Especially, the liquid that is rich in anion by employing as adsorption liquid, for example, is rich in OH -with the water of other anions, better in absorbed air with the particle of positive charge, and this adsorption effect is for compared with granule, for example the dust below pm10 is only more effectively.

Claims (10)

1. a Portable dust device, comprise housing (7), air inlet pipe (1) is communicated with the bottom of housing (7), the top of housing (7) is provided with the exhaust outlet (13) for connecting face shield (9), it is characterized in that: in housing (7), be provided with liquid (12), be provided with gas phase labyrinth (5) at housing (7) inner chamber, described gas phase labyrinth (5) is at least provided with adsorption layer (53) in windward side.
2. a kind of Portable dust device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the air inlet (4) of described liquid (12) submergence air inlet pipe (1).
3. a kind of Portable dust device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: air inlet (4) or air inlet pipe (1) in air inlet pipe (1) are provided with the check valve that prevents liquid backflow.
4. a kind of Portable dust device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described adsorption layer (53) is connected to each other together, and the lower end of adsorption layer (53) is immersed in liquid (12).
5. a kind of Portable dust device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described gas phase labyrinth (5) is for multistage labyrinth structure is to obtain at least 8 above turnings;
Wherein between the vertical baffle of interlaced arrangement (51) and housing (7) inner chamber, form first order labyrinth, and between the lateral partitions of interlaced arrangement (52) and vertical baffle (51) and housing (7) inner chamber, form labyrinth, the second level;
Or between the lateral partitions of interlaced arrangement (52) and housing (7) inner chamber, form first order labyrinth, and form labyrinth, the second level between the vertical baffle of interlaced arrangement (51) and lateral partitions (52) and housing (7) inner chamber.
6. a kind of Portable dust device according to claim 1 or 5, it is characterized in that: the bottom at housing (7) inner chamber is also provided with liquid phase labyrinth (6), described liquid phase labyrinth (6) is most of or be all positioned under the liquid level of liquid (12), liquid phase labyrinth (6), by forming between the dividing plate (61) of multiple-layer horizontal interlaced arrangement and housing (7) inner chamber, is at least provided with firm thorn layer (62) at the lower surface of dividing plate (61).
7. a kind of Portable dust device according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: air inlet pipe (1) is connected with the import of gas phase labyrinth (5), the outlet in gas phase labyrinth (5) is connected with the import of liquid phase labyrinth (6), and the outlet of liquid phase labyrinth (6) is connected with exhaust outlet (13);
Or air inlet pipe (1) is connected with the import of liquid phase labyrinth (6), the outlet of liquid phase labyrinth (6) is connected with the import of gas phase labyrinth (5), and the outlet of gas phase labyrinth (5) is connected with exhaust outlet (13).
8. a kind of Portable dust device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: exhaust outlet (13) is connected with face shield (9) by tube connector (8), is provided with expiratory one-way valve (10) on face shield (9).
9. a kind of Portable dust device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: exhaust outlet (13) is connected with face shield (9) by tube connector (8), in face shield (9), is also provided with filter and/or adsorbent equipment.
10. a kind of Portable dust device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the bottom of housing (7) is provided with slag-drip opening (11).
CN201420186077.8U 2014-04-17 2014-04-17 Portable dust removal device Expired - Fee Related CN203777533U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103933682A (en) * 2014-04-17 2014-07-23 三峡大学 Portable dust removing device
WO2016096775A1 (en) * 2014-12-19 2016-06-23 Koninklijke Philips N.V. Wearable air purification device
CN107087835A (en) * 2017-05-15 2017-08-25 浙江建设职业技术学院 A kind of sterile haze-proof mask
CN108444030A (en) * 2018-03-21 2018-08-24 邱亮南 Aqueous vapor interaction purification mechanism and purifier

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103933682A (en) * 2014-04-17 2014-07-23 三峡大学 Portable dust removing device
CN103933682B (en) * 2014-04-17 2016-07-06 三峡大学 Portable dust device
WO2016096775A1 (en) * 2014-12-19 2016-06-23 Koninklijke Philips N.V. Wearable air purification device
CN107087835A (en) * 2017-05-15 2017-08-25 浙江建设职业技术学院 A kind of sterile haze-proof mask
CN107087835B (en) * 2017-05-15 2019-03-08 浙江建设职业技术学院 A kind of sterile haze-proof mask
CN108444030A (en) * 2018-03-21 2018-08-24 邱亮南 Aqueous vapor interaction purification mechanism and purifier
CN108444030B (en) * 2018-03-21 2019-03-29 邱亮南 Aqueous vapor interacts purification mechanism and purification device

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140820

Termination date: 20160417

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee