CN203771844U - Household food rapid-cooling device - Google Patents

Household food rapid-cooling device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203771844U
CN203771844U CN201420119042.2U CN201420119042U CN203771844U CN 203771844 U CN203771844 U CN 203771844U CN 201420119042 U CN201420119042 U CN 201420119042U CN 203771844 U CN203771844 U CN 203771844U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cooling unit
cylindrical shell
top cover
equally distributed
water
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420119042.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘志平
朱存乐
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Wuhan University of Technology WUT
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Wuhan University of Technology WUT
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Priority to CN201420119042.2U priority Critical patent/CN203771844U/en
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Publication of CN203771844U publication Critical patent/CN203771844U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a household food rapid-cooling device. The household food rapid-cooling device is formed by an air cooling device and a water cooling device which are combined together from top to bottom; the air cooling device is provided with a top cover (7), a ventilation baffle plate (4), a fan blade (5) and a motor (6); the ventilation baffle plate (4), the fan blade (5) and the motor (6) are located in the top cover; the water cooling device is provided with a water tank (1), a cylinder body (2) and an object stage (3); the object stage (3) is connected with the bottom of the cylinder body (2); the middle of the object stage (3) is provided with a hole; the lower portion of the cylinder body (2) is immersed into the water cooling liquid loaded in the water tank (1); the top cover (7) is a turnover cover with an air outlet; one side of the top cover (7) is hinged to one side of the cylinder body (2). According to the household food rapid-cooling device, a gap of a kitchen food processing device is filled and the hot food can be rapidly and effectively cooled.

Description

Domestic food quickly cooling unit
Technical field
The utility model relates to kitchen utensils, particularly a kind of simple and practical domestic food quickly cooling unit.
Background technology
Along with the quickening of modern life rhythm, people's diet time and space are also constantly compressed, and how within the shortest time, to make optimum food and drink has become the problem of the daily concern of each wage-earners.As follows, be accompanied by the enforcement of National Sustainable Development Strategies, idea and the consciousness of environmental protection and energy saving are rooted in the hearts of the people, and have become the theory that concerns people's livelihood state.Now, micro-wave oven has become the fashion apparatus of heated food, refrigerator also become storage and frozen food must use furniture.But at present the cooling device that scalds hot food is still belonged to shortcoming.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is: provide a kind of simple and practical domestic food quickly cooling unit, to meet the food requirement of cooling processing mode fast.
The technical scheme in the invention for solving the technical problem is: be made up of the air cooling equipment of combining up and down and water cooling plant, described air cooling equipment is provided with top cover and is positioned at air deflector, fan blade, the motor of this top cover, the porose objective table in middle part that described water cooling plant is provided with water tank, cylindrical shell and is connected with cylinder body bottom, the bottom of cylindrical shell is immersed in the water coolant of water tank loading; Top cover is that a side of one side and cylindrical shell is hinged and connected with the renovating of venthole.
The central rings week of described air deflector is provided with equally distributed multiple air passing hole, and the through hole of this air deflector ring Zhou Junbu can form screw with the tapped blind hole of top cover ring Zhou Junbu and be connected.
Described fan blade is the executive component of air cooling equipment, and its central through hole can form nut bolt with the power transmission shaft of motor and be connected.
Described equally distributed three through holes of motor ring week can form screw rod with equally distributed three screwed holes of top cover pressed on ring week and be connected.
Described water tank is the container of water cooling medium, and its bottom can be provided with equally distributed three supporting legs of the whole domestic food quickly cooling unit weight of carrying.
Described cylindrical shell ring week is provided with equally distributed multiple air admission hole, and this cylindrical shell pressed on ring week, equally distributed three through holes can be connected with equally distributed three fixed pin shafts formation of water tank pressed on ring week pin sleeve.
Described objective table, its central authorities are uniformly distributed can be had multiple water coolant infiltrations that make to deposit in water tank and cover the small sircle hole above objective table.
Described objective table, can be connected with the bolt and nut that equally distributed three screwed holes of ring week of cylindrical shell form axiality by equally distributed three screwed holes of its ring week.
The utility model compared with prior art, mainly contains following advantage:
One. adopt dual-cooled device, organism bottom adopts the large water of specific heat capacity as cooling medium, be equipped with water tank as water-cooled main case, this kind of structure can make food in the conventional environmental protection material aqueous solution, reaches the object of quick water-cooled by heat conducting mode.
Heat conduction is that (medium is mainly divided into medium: gas, liquid, solid, or mix) in phenomenon of Heat during without macroscopic motion, it all can occur in solid, liquids and gases, but strict, only in solid, be only the conduction of pure heat, even and fluid remains static, wherein also can produce free convection due to the density contrast that thermograde causes, therefore, in fluid, convection current occurs with heat conduction simultaneously.In conjunction with the feature of this utensil, can draw to draw a conclusion:
Standard atmospheric pressure 1.01 × 10 5under pa, the china bowl specific heat capacity of food vessel is c=850J/ (kg DEG C), and weight is 3kg, and the temperature of fresh baked food is generally 190 DEG C of left and right, drops to agreeable to the taste temperature 70 C, Δ t 1=120 DEG C by formula:
Q=cmΔt=cm(t-t 0) (1)
The known heat Q=cm Δ t=cm (t-t that will discharge 0)=3.06 × 10 5j.
And specific heat of water holds c=4.2 × 10 3j/ (kg DEG C), in common material, rank is the highest, and quickly cooling unit carrying volume is 500ml, by formula:
m=ρvg (2)
The quality that known quickly cooling unit can carry water is 4.90kg.Wherein density p=1.0 × 10 of water 3kg/m 3; Gravity acceleration g=9.8m/s 2.From formula (1) and formula (2), cooling above-mentioned food, the temperature Δ t of the required rising of water 2=14.87 DEG C, draw following proportionate relationship:
k=Δt 1Δt 2=8.07
Thus, infer the cooling medium transmitting as heat with the aqueous solution, will greatly reduce cool time.
They are two years old. and body top adopts Motor Drive fan blade, utilizes cross-ventilated mode as air cooling equipment, and this kind of structure can make food in suitable space, reaches thereby form cross-ventilation by blower fan system the object that food dispels the heat.Thermal convection current refers between object taking fluid (fluid is the general name of liquids and gases) as medium, utilizes expanding with heat and contract with cold and characteristic that can be mobile of fluid, transferring heat energy.
Thermal convection current is by the flowing of liquid or gas, and makes interiorly can divide the process reaching compared with lower part from temperature higher part.Convection current is the major way that liquid or air heat transmit, and the convection current of gas is more obvious than liquid.Convection current can divide two kinds of free convection and forced convections.Free convection is naturally-occurring often, because non-uniform temperature causes.Forced convection forms because external influence convection cell stirs.Generally speaking, natural convection air coefficient is h 0=5~25W/ (m 2dEG C), Forced Air Convection h t=20~100W/ (m 2dEG C), the basic calculating formula of convection transfer rate is proposed in 1701 by newton, claims again Newton's law of cooling.Newton points out, between fluid and solid wall surface, the hot-fluid of convection heat transfer' heat-transfer by convection is directly proportional to their temperature difference, that is:
q=h*(tw-t∞) (3)
Q=h*A*(tw-t∞) (4)
In formula: the heat exchanging within the unit interval between the surface of solids that q is unit are and fluid, is called heat flow density, the W/m of unit 2; Tw, t ∞ are respectively the temperature of the surface of solids and fluid, unit K; A is wall area, the m of unit 2; Q is the heat transfer in area A, the W of unit; H is called surperficial convective heat-transfer coefficient, the W/ (m of unit 2.K).
Drawn by formula (3) (4), the Forced Air Convection replaces air free convection causing with blower fan system, under identical room temperature condition, the efficiency k ' ∝ h of raising,
k′=h th 0=5。
They are three years old. and practical, good environmental protection.Can realize cooling fast to the food such as boiling hot, hot, thereby reach fast, the object of energy-saving and environmental protection, cooling beverage or food.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model food processing quickly cooling unit general assembly view.
Fig. 2 is the utility model food processing quickly cooling unit water cooling plant view.
Fig. 3 is the utility model food processing quickly cooling unit air cooling equipment view.
In figure: 1. water tank; 2. cylindrical shell; 3. objective table; 4. air deflector; 5. fan blade; 6. motor; 7. top cover.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is further described.
The domestic food quickly cooling unit that the utility model provides, its structure as shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, is provided with the air cooling equipment and the water cooling plant that are arranged above and below, wherein: air cooling equipment is mainly made up of air deflector 4, fan blade 5, motor 6 and top cover 7.Air cooling equipment adopts motor 6 to drive fan blade 5, utilizes cross-ventilated mode, realizes the cooling effect of wind.Water cooling plant is mainly made up of water tank 1, cylindrical shell 2 and objective table 3, and water cooling plant uses running water as cooling medium, realizes water-cooled effect.
The structure of the utility model water cooling plant and parts annexation are as shown in Figure 2, specific as follows:
Described water tank 1 is the container of water cooling medium, when use, suppose that food is to be placed on bowl-shape food vessel the inside, the rising space of cooling water is provided when can being used for carrying appropriate water and providing food vessel cooling water tank 1, guarantee noodle bowl fully contacts with cooling water, impels heat more effectively to transmit.Simultaneously water tank is as the base of whole food quickly cooling unit, the weight of three whole utensils of support bearing by ring Zhou Junbu.
Described cylindrical shell 2, when work, its underpart is immersed in the water coolant that water tank 1 loads, cylindrical shell 2 has encircled Zhou Junbu air admission hole.In the time that air cooling equipment is worked, the entrance of air when the air admission hole on cylindrical shell 2 is air-cooled effect.Annexation between cylindrical shell 2 and water tank 1, as shown in " I " in Fig. 2, forms pin sleeve by three through holes of cylindrical shell 2 pressed on ring Zhou Junbu with three fixed pin shafts of water tank 1 pressed on ring Zhou Junbu and is connected.The linking that can fast and effeciently realize water tank 1 and cylindrical shell 2 with separate put and change water cooling medium so that add.
Described objective table 3, its uniform small sircle hole of having expired of central authorities, can make the water coolant infiltration of depositing in water tank 1 and cover objective table 3 certain depth above, thereby water coolant can fully contact with food vessel, reaches the effect of water-cooled.Annexation between objective table 3 and cylindrical shell 2 is as shown in " II " in Fig. 2, be connected with three screwed holes formation axialities encircling Zhou Junbu in cylindrical shell 2 by three screwed holes that encircle Zhou Junbu in objective table 3, the bolt and nut fixture of coupling same size size, can fix being connected between objective table 3 and cylindrical shell 2.
The utlity model has after the water cooling plant of said structure, compared with current refrigerator, have following advantage:
1. traditional refrigerator uses freon as refrigerant, and to air, particularly the destruction of ozone layer is very large;
2. refrigerator is not suitable for, as scalding the instant refrigeration of hot food, making up again its defect when this design can reach cooling beverage or food, and the food of realizing in noodle bowl conducts effect with the heat of cooling water, has reached water-cooled effect.
The structure of the utility model air cooling equipment and parts annexation are as shown in Figure 3, specific as follows:
Described air cooling equipment, wherein motor 6 drives fan blade 5, thereby forms draught head in this domestic food quickly cooling unit, and the air admission hole that impels air-flow to encircle Zhou Junbu from cylindrical shell 2 sucks, and by the air passing hole of air deflector 4, the venthole from top cover 7 sheds.Force the air generation forced convertion in quickly cooling unit, reach the effect of wind cooling food.
Described air deflector 4, its central rings Zhou Buman air passing hole.In the time that air cooling equipment is worked, work is sucked by the air admission hole in cylindrical shell 2, and by the air passing hole in air deflector 4, then venthole from top cover 7 sheds, and ensured the abundant convection current of air, to reach the cooling effect of wind.Air deflector 4 is with the annexation of top cover 7 as shown in " III " in Fig. 3, and the through hole that encircles Zhou Junbu by air deflector 4 is connected with the tapped blind hole formation screw that top cover 7 encircles Zhou Junbu.
The executive component that described fan blade 5 is air cooling equipment, under the driving of motor 6, be rotated counterclockwise, thereby make the air pressure of top cover 7 inside lower than the atmospheric pressure of top cover 7 outsides, impel the inner generation of this food quickly cooling unit cross-ventilation with the form of draught head, thereby reach air-cooled effect.Fan blade 5 is with the annexation of motor 6 as shown in Fig. 3 " IV ", and the power transmission shaft of motor 6 front ends is threaded, and the power transmission shaft on motor 6 can form nut bolt by the through hole of fan blade 5 central authorities and connect.
After described motor 6 switches on power, the power transmission shaft rotation on drive motor, can be power transmission to fan blade 5.Motor 6 is with the annexation of top cover 7 as shown in Fig. 3 " V ", and three through holes that encircle Zhou Junbu by motor 6 are connected with three screwed holes formation screw rods of top cover 7 pressed on ring Zhou Junbu.
Described top cover 7, it has some ventholes, the outlet opening of air while work as air cooling equipment.Annexation between top cover 7 and cylindrical shell 2 is as shown in " VI " in Fig. 1, and top cover 7 all has axiality through hole with a side of cylindrical shell 2, can form split pin and connect, and resembles like this renovating and is convenient to open and closes.
The utlity model has after the air cooling equipment of said structure, with bread and cheese cold and hot working utensil, as micro-wave oven, contrast has following several advantage:
1. general food cold and hot working utensil is all in the space of a sealing, and food and external environment condition are all isolated, and if things go on like this, bacteria breed, is unfavorable for the health processing of food.
2. this design makes quickly cooling unit in reaching instant cooling beverage or food, can reach again the clean and maintenance of quickly cooling unit.
The structure of described air cooling equipment and water cooling plant, upper body assembly uses bearing pin to be connected with lower body assembly.The effect of having a mind to of bringing is like this to make quickly cooling unit operability good, and is convenient to maintenance and the cleaning of quickly cooling unit in the future.
The domestic food quickly cooling unit that the utility model provides, its course of work is as follows:
Cooling front preparation: first, boiling hot hot food need to be placed in the vessel of bowl-shape or dish shape, then toward the appropriate running water of the interior injection of water tank 1, then cylindrical shell 2 with water tank 1 to connecting, afterwards bowl or the basin of dress food are put on objective table 3.
Cooling: the top cover 7 that closes, switch on power, spend a few minutes, wait the boiling hot hot food in bowl or in dish to be cooled to after proper temperature, powered-down, takes out food.
Whole course of work simple and fast, easy to use.
The domestic food quickly cooling unit that the utility model provides, it has filled up the blank of kitchen food process utensil, and medium used is natural wind and Natural Water, need not additional processing cooling medium.With regard to the utensil of current food process, what heated food was used is micro-wave oven, and what chilled food was used is refrigerator, does not only carry out cooling fast to the boiling hot hot food just having taken the dish out of the pot.What conventional method was used is natural air cooled, and the stand-by period is long, and this food quickly cooling unit can make up this breach well, fast and effeciently carries out cooling to scalding hot food.

Claims (8)

1. a domestic food quickly cooling unit, it is characterized in that being formed by the air cooling equipment of combining up and down and water cooling plant, described air cooling equipment is provided with top cover (7) and is positioned at the air deflector (4) of this top cover, fan blade (5), motor (6), the porose objective table (3) in middle part that described water cooling plant is provided with water tank (1), cylindrical shell (2) and is connected with cylindrical shell (2) bottom, the bottom of cylindrical shell (2) is immersed in the water coolant of water tank (1) loading; Top cover (7) is for the renovating of venthole, and a side of one side and cylindrical shell (2) is hinged and connected.
2. domestic food quickly cooling unit according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the equally distributed multiple air passing hole that is provided with in central rings week of described air deflector (4), the through hole of this air deflector ring Zhou Junbu forms screw with the tapped blind hole of top cover (7) ring Zhou Junbu and is connected.
3. domestic food quickly cooling unit according to claim 1, is characterized in that the executive component of described fan blade (5) for air cooling equipment, and its central through hole forms nut bolt with the power transmission shaft of motor (6) and is connected.
4. domestic food quickly cooling unit according to claim 1, is characterized in that described equally distributed three through holes of motor (6) ring week are connected with equally distributed three screwed holes formation of top cover (7) pressed on ring week screw rod.
5. domestic food quickly cooling unit according to claim 1, is characterized in that the container of described water tank (1) for water cooling medium, and its bottom is provided with equally distributed three supporting legs of the whole domestic food quickly cooling unit weight of carrying.
6. domestic food quickly cooling unit according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described cylindrical shell (2) ring is provided with equally distributed multiple air admission hole week, this cylindrical shell pressed on ring week, equally distributed three through holes were connected with equally distributed three fixed pin shafts formation of water tank (1) pressed on ring week pin sleeve.
7. domestic food quickly cooling unit according to claim 1, is characterized in that described objective table (3), and its central authorities are evenly distributed with and multiplely make the water coolant infiltration of depositing in water tank (1) and cover objective table (3) small sircle hole above.
8. domestic food quickly cooling unit according to claim 7, is characterized in that described objective table (3), is connected with the bolt and nut that equally distributed three screwed holes of ring week of cylindrical shell (2) form axiality by all equally distributed three screwed holes of its ring.
CN201420119042.2U 2014-03-17 2014-03-17 Household food rapid-cooling device Expired - Fee Related CN203771844U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420119042.2U CN203771844U (en) 2014-03-17 2014-03-17 Household food rapid-cooling device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104390410A (en) * 2014-08-22 2015-03-04 武隆县芙蓉江食品有限公司 Flavored dried fish raw material preservation system
CN108142484A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-06-12 李晓辉 A kind of food processing bakery cooling box
CN108562083A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-09-21 深圳万研科技研发有限公司 A kind of medical drug supplemental heat rejected facility
CN111965519A (en) * 2020-07-24 2020-11-20 武汉锐科光纤激光技术股份有限公司 Chip testing equipment

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104390410A (en) * 2014-08-22 2015-03-04 武隆县芙蓉江食品有限公司 Flavored dried fish raw material preservation system
CN108562083A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-09-21 深圳万研科技研发有限公司 A kind of medical drug supplemental heat rejected facility
CN108142484A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-06-12 李晓辉 A kind of food processing bakery cooling box
CN108142484B (en) * 2018-01-22 2020-08-18 上海雅沐食品有限公司 Baked food cooling box for food processing
CN111965519A (en) * 2020-07-24 2020-11-20 武汉锐科光纤激光技术股份有限公司 Chip testing equipment

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140813

Termination date: 20150317

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model