CN203769178U - Combined thermal insulation building block with steps - Google Patents

Combined thermal insulation building block with steps Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203769178U
CN203769178U CN201420082140.3U CN201420082140U CN203769178U CN 203769178 U CN203769178 U CN 203769178U CN 201420082140 U CN201420082140 U CN 201420082140U CN 203769178 U CN203769178 U CN 203769178U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
halfpace
thermal insulation
internal layer
block
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420082140.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
魏明辉
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魏明辉
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Priority to CN201420082140.3U priority Critical patent/CN203769178U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203769178U publication Critical patent/CN203769178U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model provides a combined heat insulation building block with steps. The building block is composed of a surface layer, a thermal insulation layer and an inner layer, all of which are equal in length and height and are orderly glued and combined by use of an adhesive; the steps are arranged at both ends and top ends of the outer side surface of the surface layer and the outer side surface of the inner layer, respectively; a plurality of metal tie pieces are arranged between the surface layer and the inner layer, and go into the inner layer after penetrating through the thermal insulation layer from the surface layer and extend out of a block body from the steps after bending at the inner layer. A surface layer fixing elbow, an inner layer fixing elbow and a bricklaying elbow are arranged on each metal tie piece respectively. The steps of the building block have the functions of horizontal and vertical mortar joints so that mortar in the mortar joints is not in direct contact with the thermal insulation layer and can be full and compact during bricklaying, the anti-permeability of the mortar joints is improved remarkably, and meanwhile, the thermal insulation layer is protected against damage during transportation and construction; the metal tie pieces are capable of improving the strength of the building block and a combined thermal insulation wall. The building block with the steps has the advantages of good thermal insulation effect, long service life which is as long as that of a building, convenience in mechanical and automatic production, low cost, convenience in design and construction, wide application range and the like.

Description

With the composite heat insulation block of halfpace
Technical field
The utility model relates to the improvement of composite heat insulation block structure, is a kind of composite heat insulation block with halfpace specifically, belongs to self-supporting heat-insulating materials for wall.
Background technology
Along with the development of China's building energy conservation, the thermal and insulating performance of blockwork material is proposed to requirements at the higher level.In succession there is dissimilar composite heat insulation block recent years, wherein great majority are to do with flame-retardant polystyrene foamed plastics (EPS, XPS) plate or polyurethane rigid foam (PU) plate that insulation layer, building block are made bearing course, concrete is made surface layer, between three layers, interconnect by flame-retardant polystyrene plastic foamboard or the polyurethane rigid foam plate with dovetail groove.But through the examination of architectural practice, still there is some deficiency in current composite heat insulation block.
For the cold bridge of blocking-up level, vertical mortar joint mortar formation, existing composite heat insulation block is mostly provided with groove on upper and lower, four of the left and right facet of insulation layer, when construction, using section is that the insulation press strip of " ten " word shape is blocked cold bridge, this method has increased construction sequence, insulation press strip is easily lost at the scene, and construction quality is difficult for ensureing; Also have the both ends of the surface of insulation layer and upper surface are protruded to surface layer and bearing course, utilize the insulation layer blocking-up cold bridge protruding, the insulation layer of this protrusion has almost all suffered the not destruction of degree in transport and work progress, make insulation layer seam not tight, heat-insulating property declines, and affects the use function of composite heat insulation block.After building by laying bricks or stones, this class composite heat insulation block all exists larger defect in seam mode, while construction exactly, mortar joint mortar does not reach full closely knit, reason is that warming plate and mortar joint mortar can not be formed with effective adhesive, cause the impermeability of mortar joint to decline, make mortar joint easily produce seepage, cause wall thermal insulating heat-proof quality to decline.In addition, utilize common block machine, adopt dovetail groove flame-retardant polystyrene plastic foamboard or polyurethane rigid foam plate to connect the composite heat insulation block of surface layer and bearing course, between insulation layer and surface layer, bearing course, can form cavity in process of production, cavity is restricted the range of application of composite heat insulation block, and roll off the production line and transportation in the vibration that produces, also easily make to produce crack or fracture between insulation layer and surface layer, bearing course, make percent defective rising.These have all had a strong impact on promoteing the wider application of existing composite heat insulation block.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is for above-mentioned deficiency, provide a kind of simple in structure, lightweight, be easy to that automatic and mechanical production, easy construction, fireproof heat insulating performance are good, application life can with the building composite heat insulation block with halfpace of the same period.
The technical scheme that realizes the utility model object is:
This composite heat insulation block with halfpace, sticks with glue successively agent by isometric contour surface layer, insulation layer and internal layer and mutually bonds and compoundly form, and feature is to be respectively equipped with halfpace in two ends and the upper end of surface layer lateral surface and internal layer lateral surface; Between surface layer and internal layer, be provided with at least one metal tension member, metal tension member enters internal layer by surface layer through insulation layer, and stretches out block by halfpace place after internal layer bending.
One end that metal tension member is positioned at surface layer is provided with the fixing elbow of surface layer, and the fixing elbow of surface layer sticks with glue agent parcel fixing with insulation layer bonding; The bending part that metal tension member is positioned at internal layer is provided with internal layer fixed bend; Metal tension member stretches out termination after halfpace and is provided with and builds elbow by laying bricks or stones.
Described metal tension member can be through antiseptic carbon steel tension member or stainless steel tension member.
Described surface layer, internal layer can be made up of cement mortar, polymers anti-cracking mortar or concrete.
Described insulation layer can be flame-retardant polystyrene foamed plastics (EPS and XPS) plate or polyurethane rigid foam (PU) plate.
Outstanding feature of the present utility model, the one, be respectively equipped with halfpace in two ends and the upper end of surface layer lateral surface and internal layer lateral surface, make the two ends of surface layer lateral surface and internal layer lateral surface and upper end form stairstepping.This building block is in the time building by laying bricks or stones; halfpace has horizontal and vertical ash joint function; its important function is that insulation layer is not directly contacted with mortar joint mortar; but halfpace directly contacts with mortar joint mortar; because halfpace and mortar joint mortar have good adhesive property each other; so it is full closely knit that mortar joint mortar can reach in the time building by laying bricks or stones, significantly improve the impermeability of mortar joint mortar, halfpace has protected insulation layer to exempt from destruction in transport and work progress simultaneously.The 2nd, between surface layer and internal layer, be provided with at least one metal tension member, metal tension member is positioned at one end of surface layer, wrapped up by bonding adhesive and be bonded together with insulation layer, bonding adhesive not only has antisepsis to metal tension member, and can also improve the thermal resistance of metal tension member, reduce the coefficient of thermal conductivity of metal tension member.The surface layer of metal tension member in surface layer fixed elbow, and internal layer fixed bend in internal layer, metal tension member is firmly fixed in surface layer and internal layer, improve the intensity of building block, metal tension member stretches out the elbow of building by laying bricks or stones of halfpace termination, can be connected with base course wall or cast-in-place shear wall reinforcing bar, further improve the bulk strength of composite thermal-insulating wall.
In building operations, the utility model can utilize masonry mortar and be fixed on surface layer and internal layer between metal tension member and various materials for walls as together with brick, building block etc. synchronize and build by laying bricks or stones or be cast in cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete beam (collar tie beam, linking beam), post (constructional column), wall (shear wall), composition composite thermal-insulating wall.Also can in frame structure building, make separately filled wall.Composite heat insulation block of the present utility model, high insulating effect, application life and building same period, and being convenient to automatic and mechanical produces, cost of production is low, design and easy construction, applied range, there is great promotional value, after practice and extension, will produce good economic benefit and social benefit.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of embodiment of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the part sectional structure schematic diagram that Fig. 1 overlooks direction.
Fig. 3 looks part-structure schematic diagram along a left side for carbon steel tension member direction in Fig. 1.
In figure: 1 concrete pavement, 2 insulation layers, 3 concrete internal layers, 4 bonding adhesive, 5 halfpaces, 6 carbon steel tension members, the fixing elbow of 6.1 surface layers, 6.2 internal layer fixed bend, 6.3 are built elbow, 6.4 bonding adhesive by laying bricks or stones.
Detailed description of the invention
The utility model is further described with the embodiment providing below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
With reference to accompanying drawing, this composite heat insulation block with concrete halfpace, made bonding adhesive 4 bonding is compound mutually to form with a kind of special application specific architecture glue successively by isometric contour concrete pavement 1, insulation layer 2 and concrete internal layer 3, be respectively equipped with concrete halfpace 5 in two ends and the upper end of concrete pavement lateral surface and concrete internal layer lateral surface.Between concrete pavement and concrete internal layer, be provided with two through antiseptic carbon steel tension member 6, carbon steel tension member enters concrete internal layer by concrete pavement through insulation layer, and stretches out block by concrete halfpace place after the bending of concrete internal layer.One end that carbon steel tension member is positioned at concrete pavement is provided with the fixing elbow 6.1 of rotund surface layer, on the fixing elbow of surface layer, stick with glue that agent 6.4 is wrapped up and fixing with insulation layer 2 bondings, the bending part that carbon steel tension member is positioned at concrete internal layer is provided with internal layer fixed bend 6.2, and carbon steel tension member stretches out termination after concrete halfpace and is provided with and builds elbow 6.3 by laying bricks or stones.
The utility model applicant presses above-described embodiment, select flame-retardant polystyrene foamed plastics (EPS plate) insulation layer, 2.2 millimeters of carbon steel tension members of diameter, use special forming machine to adopt horizontal form technique, to send in forming machine moulding box with the insulation layer of bonding adhesive and carbon steel tension member, by the vibration one-shot forming of pressurizeing, after maintenance, make insulation layer tight, seamless with concrete internal layer with concrete pavement, be firmly bonded and fixed at together with, do not form cavity.Make the composite heat insulation block with concrete halfpace of 400 × 145 × 200 millimeters of a kind of master ga(u)ge lattice or 600 × 145 × 300 millimeters (length × wide × height), wherein be incubated 25 millimeters of 95 millimeters of bed thickness, concrete pavement and concrete inner-layer thicks, be respectively equipped with the concrete halfpace in 5 × 15 millimeters, cross section at the two ends of concrete pavement lateral surface and concrete internal layer lateral surface, be respectively equipped with the concrete halfpace in 10 × 15 millimeters, cross section in the upper end of concrete pavement lateral surface and concrete internal layer lateral surface.This composite heat insulation block after testing, intensity>=MU5.0, density of building block≤600Kgm 3, monolithic weight≤7 kilogram/piece or≤14.76 kilograms/piece, burning grade reaches composite A-grade, complies with the national standard requirements.
The on probation demonstration through inside, this composite heat insulation block with halfpace, is convenient to automatic and mechanical and produces, and cost of production is low, compactness good, lightweight, intensity is high; Building operations is convenient, and carbon steel tension member stretches out block and can be connected with base course wall or cast-in-place shear wall reinforcing bar, and double-deck body of wall is connected firmly; Carbon steel tension member is fixed in concrete, greatly improve the binding strength between the three layer constructions such as concrete pavement, insulation layer, concrete internal layer, three layer construction is linked more firm, safe and reliable, can form composite thermal-insulating wall with reinforced concrete structure and masonry structure etc.; Carbon steel tension member is positioned at one end of concrete pavement, wrapped up by bonding adhesive and be bonded together with insulation layer, be fixed in concrete pavement, bonding adhesive not only improves durability and the impermeability of carbon steel tension member, and can not corroded because of wet transmission in building block distortion or body of wall, also improved the thermal resistance of carbon steel tension member, building block can form composite thermal-insulating wall with reinforced concrete structure and masonry structure etc. simultaneously; Application life can with building same period, good heat insulating, applied range, is subject to trier's favorable comment.

Claims (5)

1. with the composite heat insulation block of halfpace, stick with glue successively agent by isometric contour surface layer, insulation layer and internal layer and mutually bond and compoundly form, it is characterized in that: two ends and upper end at surface layer lateral surface and internal layer lateral surface are respectively equipped with halfpace; Between surface layer and internal layer, be provided with at least one metal tension member, metal tension member enters internal layer by surface layer through insulation layer, and stretches out block by halfpace place after internal layer bending.
2. the composite heat insulation block with halfpace according to claim 1, is characterized in that: one end that metal tension member is positioned at surface layer is provided with the fixing elbow of surface layer, and the fixing elbow of surface layer sticks with glue agent parcel fixing with insulation layer bonding; The bending part that metal tension member is positioned at internal layer is provided with internal layer fixed bend; Metal tension member stretches out termination after halfpace and is provided with and builds elbow by laying bricks or stones.
3. the composite heat insulation block with halfpace according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: metal tension member is through antiseptic carbon steel tension member or stainless steel tension member.
4. the composite heat insulation block with halfpace according to claim 1, is characterized in that: surface layer and internal layer are made up of cement mortar, polymers anti-cracking mortar or concrete.
5. the composite heat insulation block with halfpace according to claim 1, is characterized in that: insulation layer is flame-retardant polystyrene plastic foamboard or polyurethane rigid foam plate.
CN201420082140.3U 2014-02-20 2014-02-20 Combined thermal insulation building block with steps Expired - Fee Related CN203769178U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420082140.3U CN203769178U (en) 2014-02-20 2014-02-20 Combined thermal insulation building block with steps

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420082140.3U CN203769178U (en) 2014-02-20 2014-02-20 Combined thermal insulation building block with steps

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203769178U true CN203769178U (en) 2014-08-13

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Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN203769178U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2016110137A1 (en) * 2015-01-07 2016-07-14 吴刚 Hollow building block for wall building

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2016110137A1 (en) * 2015-01-07 2016-07-14 吴刚 Hollow building block for wall building

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140813

Termination date: 20170220