CN203733777U - Micro channel phase change heat transfer device - Google Patents

Micro channel phase change heat transfer device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203733777U
CN203733777U CN201420064347.8U CN201420064347U CN203733777U CN 203733777 U CN203733777 U CN 203733777U CN 201420064347 U CN201420064347 U CN 201420064347U CN 203733777 U CN203733777 U CN 203733777U
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micro
channel
phase change
preset temperature
heat exchange
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姜玉雁
王涛
唐大伟
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Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of CAS
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Institute of Engineering Thermophysics of CAS
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Abstract

The utility model provides a micro channel phase change heat transfer device. The micro channel phase change heat transfer device comprises an outer radiator body and a micro channel heat absorption part, wherein the outer radiator body has one enclosed end and is a cylinder-shaped structure, the micro channel heat absorption part is prepared by a shape memory alloy material, is a board-shaped structure and is embedded at the non-enclosed end of the outer radiator body cylinder-shaped structure to form an enclosed chamber, the enclosed chamber is filled with a liquid working medium, the micro channel heat absorption part has multiple hundred-micron-magnitude micro channels facing a surface of an inner side of the enclosed chamber, trained micro ribs are arranged between two adjacent micro channels, and depth of the micro channels above the preset temperature is greater than depth of the micro channels under the preset temperature. The micro channel phase change heat transfer device improves surface heat absorption capacity of the micro channel structure, reduces the overheat rate of the surface of the micro channel structure and can control temperature of a heater at a lower level.

Description

Micro-channel phase change heat exchange device
Technical field
The utility model relates to the thermal management technology field of electric power, electronics, opto-electronic device, relates in particular to a kind of micro-channel phase change heat exchange device.
Background technology
Along with the raising of high-power electric, electronics and opto-electronic device integrated level, the heating density of heat flow rate of device is also increasing, if the heat producing in these device courses of work can not be taken away in time, its performance and life-span will be greatly affected.Take microelectronic chip as example, raising along with chip integration, its heating density of heat flow rate has reached the level of hundreds of watts every square centimeter, under so high density of heat flow rate condition, traditional air blast cooling or the type of cooling of single-phase liquid cooling, because heat-obtaining is limited in one's ability, have been difficult to meet the heat radiation requirement of device; On the other hand, single-phase liquid cooling or air-cooled mode are mainly to utilize the sensible heat of working medium to take away the heat of heater members, and the temperature of device is subject to the impact of environment larger, is difficult to device temperature to maintain in a stable temperature range.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the technology extensively adopting is at present the minute yardstick phase transformation heat-obtaining technology such as heat pipe, microchannel, microflute group.These technology drive flowing of liquid working substance by means of capillary force or high-lift pump, and in the internal microstructure such as heat pipe, microchannel, microflute group, high-intensity micro-scale phase change heat exchange occur, thereby take away the heat of heater members.The heat-obtaining density of heat flow rate of these heat-obtaining modes can reach the magnitude of hundreds of watts every square centimeter, is to solve at present and one of effective means of high-power high heat flux device heat radiation in a period of time from now on.
Figure 1A is the structural representation of prior art micro-channel phase change heat exchange device micro-channel.These micro-channel processing have the material surface of high thermal conductivity at copper, aluminium etc., its height and width are in hundred micron dimensions, and the principle of utilizing micro-channel can produce larger capillary force effect sucks liquid working substance.Please refer to Figure 1B, the distribution of liquid working substance in microflute is defined by three parts: intrinsic meniscus surface area, evaporation thin liquid film region, absorbed layer region.Under different density of heat flow rate conditions, can produce the high strength evaporation in evaporation thin liquid film region and two kinds of Transformation Mechanism of boiling phase transformation of intrinsic meniscus surface area in micro-channel, and absorbed layer region is larger owing to being subject to the effect of separating pressure, does not substantially participate in phase transformation.Minute yardstick phase-change mechanism in this micro-structural is different from the boiling phase transformation under conventional yardstick condition, and heat-obtaining density of heat flow rate can reach 1000W/cm in theory 2the order of magnitude, and under identical density of heat flow rate condition, the superheating ratio of wall is less, is highly suitable for the heat management requirement of current electric power, electronics, opto-electronic device.
Yet, the micro-channel of prior art mainly adopts the material with high thermal conductivity to make, as copper or aluminium etc., the physical dimension of processing is according to predefined heat load, the factors such as environment for use design, once design, the surface texture of heat collector is exactly definite size and dimension, working medium can only flow and phase transformation in definite micro-channel, under the active low density of heat flow rate condition of liquid film evaporation, in micro-channel, the thicker intrinsic meniscus surface area of liquid film can produce larger thermal resistance, cause the surface temperature of heater members to raise, and under the active high heat flux condition of boiling phase transformation, the boiling phase transformation of the intrinsic meniscus surface area that liquid film is thicker plays a leading role, in micro-channel, thin liquid film region is easy to occur dry, cause the part evaporate to dryness of heat affected zone, cause the heat-obtaining ability of heat collector to decline, the temperature of heater members raises.
Utility model content
(1) technical problem that will solve
In view of above-mentioned technical problem, the utility model provides a kind of micro-channel phase change heat exchange device, once determine to solve micro-channel physical dimension in prior art micro-channel phase change heat exchange device, thickness of liquid film can not change with density of heat flow rate, can not adapt to the technical problem that heater members density of heat flow rate changes.
(2) technical scheme
According to an aspect of the present utility model, provide a kind of micro-channel phase change heat exchange device.This micro-channel phase change heat exchange device comprises: outer radiator, is the tubular structure that one end is sealed; Micro-channel heat sink, is prepared by shape memory alloy material, is platy structure, and it is embedded in the untight one end of outer radiator tubular structure, forms a closed cavity, filling liquid working medium in this closed cavity; Wherein, micro-channel heat sink has the micro-channel of many hundred micron dimensions towards the surface of closed cavity inner side, between adjacent two micro-channel, have trained miniature rib, the degree of depth of the micro-channel when preset temperature is above is greater than the degree of depth of its micro-channel when preset temperature is following.
Preferably, in the utility model micro-channel phase change heat exchange device, compare with miniature rib when preset temperature is following, when preset temperature is above, the height of miniature rib uprises, to realize the increase of the micro-channel degree of depth.
Preferably, in the utility model micro-channel phase change heat exchange device, when preset temperature is following, the state of miniature rib in falling towards an inclination, tilt angle theta is between 10 °-40 °; When preset temperature is above, miniature rib is in vertical state, to realize the increase of the micro-channel degree of depth.
Preferably, in the utility model micro-channel phase change heat exchange device, when preset temperature is following, the dual-side of miniature rib is circular-arc towards the same side; When preset temperature is above, the side of miniature rib becomes straight line, and the vertical height of miniature rib uprises, thereby the degree of depth of micro-channel is increased.
Preferably, in the utility model micro-channel phase change heat exchange device, when preset temperature is following, the dual-side of miniature rib is circular-arc towards inner side, and the section shape of single miniature rib is " T " font; When preset temperature is above, the side of miniature rib becomes straight line, and the section shape of single miniature rib becomes rectangle, and its vertical height uprises, thereby the degree of depth of micro-channel is increased.
Preferably, in the utility model micro-channel phase change heat exchange device, shape memory alloy material is a kind of in following material: NiTi is that marmem, iron are that marmem, copper nickel are that marmem, copper aluminium are that marmem, copper zinc are marmem.
Preferably, in the utility model micro-channel phase change heat exchange device, preset temperature is 50 ℃~100 ℃ above, and preset temperature is 25 ℃~50 ℃ below.
Preferably, in the utility model micro-channel phase change heat exchange device, micro-channel heat sink surface is toward the outer side smooth surface, and the heating face of heater members fits in this smooth surface by heat-conducting silicone grease.
Preferably, in the utility model micro-channel phase change heat exchange device, outer radiator is cuboid tubular structure, cylindrical structure or conically shaped structure, and the outer surface of outer radiator has cooling fin.
Preferably, in the utility model micro-channel phase change heat exchange device, liquid working substance is water, ethanol or freon.
(3) beneficial effect
From technique scheme, can find out, the utility model micro-channel phase change heat exchange device adopts shape memory alloy material to replace the materials such as the current copper generally using or aluminium, micro-channel in Surface Machining hundred micron dimensions of memory alloy material, through the training to marmem, make micro-channel at a certain temperature, deformation occur, make it be more conducive to the heat-obtaining of liquid working substance, improved the heat-obtaining ability on micro groove structure surface, reduce the superheating ratio on micro groove structure surface, can be by heater members temperature controlled lower.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Figure 1A is the structural representation of prior art micro-channel phase change heat exchange device micro-channel;
Figure 1B is the schematic diagram that the micro-channel of micro-channel phase change heat exchange device shown in Figure 1A liquid working substance distributes:
Fig. 2 is according to the structural representation of the utility model embodiment micro-channel phase change heat exchange device;
Fig. 3 is the enlarged drawing of micro-channel part in micro-channel phase change heat exchange device shown in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 A and Fig. 4 B are respectively according to the structural representation of micro-channel part under two states in the utility model the second embodiment micro-channel phase change heat exchange device;
Fig. 5 A and Fig. 5 B are respectively according to the structural representation of micro-channel part under two states in the utility model the 3rd embodiment micro-channel phase change heat exchange device;
Fig. 6 A and Fig. 6 B are respectively according to the structural representation of micro-channel part under two states in the utility model the 4th embodiment micro-channel phase change heat exchange device;
[main element]
100-heater members; 200-micro-channel heat sink;
201-micro-channel; 300-closed cavity;
The straight rib of 301-; 400-liquid working substance.
Embodiment
For making the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with specific embodiment, and with reference to accompanying drawing, the utility model is further described.It should be noted that, in accompanying drawing or specification description, similar or identical part is all used identical figure number.The implementation that does not illustrate in accompanying drawing or describe is form known to a person of ordinary skill in the art in affiliated technical field.In addition, although the demonstration of the parameter that comprises particular value can be provided herein, should be appreciated that, parameter is without definitely equaling corresponding value, but can in acceptable error margin or design constraint, be similar to corresponding value.The direction term of mentioning in embodiment, such as " on ", D score, 'fornt', 'back', " left side ", " right side " etc., be only the direction with reference to accompanying drawing.Therefore, the direction term of use is to be not used for limiting protection range of the present utility model for explanation.
The utility model is while being heated to certain temperature according to marmem, can change the memory effect of original shape, design a kind of micro-channel phase change heat exchange device, can under different density of heat flow rate conditions, there is deformation in the shape or the size that realize micro-channel, thereby adapt to better the requirement of Working fluid phase changing, improve thus the heat management level of high-power high heat flux device.
In an exemplary embodiment of the present utility model, provide a kind of micro-channel phase change heat exchange device.Fig. 2 is according to the structural representation of the utility model embodiment micro-channel phase change heat exchange device.Please refer to Fig. 2, the present embodiment micro-channel phase change heat exchange device comprises: outer radiator, is the tubular structure that one end is sealed; Micro-channel heat sink 200, is prepared by shape memory alloy material, is platy structure, and it is embedded in the untight one end of described outer radiator tubular structure, thereby forms a closed cavity 300, the interior filling liquid working medium 400 of this closed cavity 300; Wherein, micro-channel heat sink 200 has the micro-channel 201 of many hundred micron dimensions towards the surface of closed cavity inner side, and this micro-channel 201 is through training, and its degree of depth when preset temperature is above is greater than its degree of depth when preset temperature is following.
Below respectively each part of the present embodiment micro-channel phase change heat exchange device is elaborated.
In the present embodiment, outer radiator is cuboid tubular structure, but the utility model is not as limit.In the utility model; this outer radiator can also be the various shapes such as cylindrical structure, conically shaped structure; as long as this tubular structure can form the closed cavity 300 of filling liquid working medium 400 with micro-channel heat sink 200, equally within protection range of the present utility model.
Please refer to Fig. 2, the outer surface of outer radiator sealing one end has straight rib 301, and the quantity of straight rib and size are determined by the heat load of heater members 100.It should be noted that, straight rib 301 can also be distributed in any position of outer radiator outer surface, and, except straight rib, can also be other heat radiation forms such as curved rib, repeat no more herein.
The interior filling liquid working medium 400 of closed cavity 300.The Main Function of liquid working substance is the heat that carries heater members, and discharged the straight rib 301 of outer surface to closed cavity 300, according to this requirement, liquid working substance of the present utility model generally select there is the higher latent heat of vaporization, environmentally safe, lower-cost material, as water, ethanol or freon etc.
Micro-channel heat sink 200 is platy structure.The opening shape that coordinates outer radiator tubular structure, this micro-channel heat sink 200 platy structure that is rectangle.The shape that it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that micro-channel heat sink 200 is definite by the opening shape of outer radiator tubular structure, and the tabular structure of rectangle with the present embodiment is not limited.
The first surface of micro-channel heat sink 200 is smooth surface, with heater members 100 laminatings.In the utility model, heater members 100 mainly refers to have higher heating density of heat flow rate and flat electric power, electronics, the opto-electronic device requiring of temperature controlled water, the heating face of heater members 100 is close to the back side of micro-channel heat sink 200, scribble heat-conducting silicone grease between the two for reducing contact heat resistance, the heat producing in heater members 100 courses of work passes to micro-channel heat sink 200 by heat-conducting silicone grease.
Micro-channel heat sink 200 adopts the preparation of NiTi shape shape memory alloy material on the whole, and its second mask has the micro-channel 201 of many hundred micron dimensions.The micro-channel 201 of micro-channel heat sink 200 is through training, in the temperature range of 25-50 ℃ in shape as shown in Figure 3, in the middle of adjacent two micro-channel, the height H of micro-shape rib is between 1OO μ m-800 μ m, width W is between 100 μ m-1000 μ m, space D is between 100 μ m-1000 μ m, when memorial alloy is in the temperature range of 50 ℃~100 ℃, the height H of micro-shape rib become greater between 300 ℃ of-1000 μ m, and width and spacing remain unchanged.
In the present embodiment, micro-channel heat sink 200 is prepared by niti-shaped memorial alloy, but the utility model is not as limit, other shape memory alloy material, for example: iron is that marmem, copper nickel are that marmem, copper aluminium are that marmem, copper zinc are that marmem etc. also can be applied in the utility model.It should be noted that, for above-mentioned marmem each, in alloy, respective components and content are known.Because the utility model only relates to utilize marmem to process, and do not relate to any change of shape memory alloy material, no longer the composition of various shape memory alloy materials is elaborated and (please refer in detail http://baike.baidu.com/link herein? url=pRw7MEJKRj_qfBYlY7hp_p_RkEV-TVvBTs ku3k7KMC-SVmCPCk_QWU8EvQ_3E1R9).The transition temperature of marmem can be selected according to the density of heat flow rate of concrete heater members and temperature control requirement.And transition temperature can be undertaken by the adjustment of alloying component, it is known to those skilled in the art, and no longer ocean is thin herein describes.
In the present embodiment, this marmem micro-channel heat sink is soldered to the untight side of outer radiator cuboid tubular structure, form closed cavity 300, get rid of the incoagulable gas in closed cavity 300, add a certain amount of liquid working substance 400 with the higher latent heat of vaporization, a part for micro-channel is immersed in liquid working substance.Because the micro-channel of this size can form larger capillary force, liquid working substance can be drawn in micro-channel, and in micro-channel, form thinner thin liquid film region and the absorbed layer region of intrinsic meniscus surface area, thickness of liquid film that thickness of liquid film is larger.The heat of heater members passes to the liquid working substance in micro-channel by marmem, after working medium undergoes phase transition, becomes steam, and steam passes to the rear condensation of straight rib 301 by the heat of the heater members carrying and gets back to liquid pool.Straight rib 301 is given environment around by the mode of natural convection air, air blast cooling or water-cooled by the thermal release of heater members.
In the present embodiment, through the training to the micro-channel of marmem material, this micro-channel 201 presents following two states:
(1) when the heating density of heat flow rate of heater members is lower, marmem micro-channel heat sink is described size under above-mentioned 25 ℃~50 ℃ conditions, the micro-channel degree of depth is relatively little, under capillary effect, the thickness of intrinsic meniscus surface area is also less, inner surface has formed the larger thin liquid film evaporation region of area, thereby more easily the heat of heater is taken away, the thermal resistance of bringing thus reduces, therefore evaporate the heat that heater members is more easily taken away in thin liquid film region, reduce the working temperature of heater members;
(2) when density of heat flow rate is larger, marmem micro-channel heat sink is in above-mentioned 50 ℃~100 ℃ temperature ranges, under this temperature conditions, dependence memorial alloy can be with the characteristic of temperature deformation, at this moment the degree of depth of micro-channel becomes large, can form the intrinsic meniscus in larger region, this structure is more conducive to the nucleation of bubble, grow and break, meet the requirement that produces high-intensity explosive evaporation, at this moment working medium is mainly taken away the heat of heater members by the violent boiling in the thick liquid film of intrinsic meniscus region, and the heat that the evaporation of thin liquid film high strength is taken away is less, realize the heat-obtaining of high heat flux, take away the heat of heater members.
In the present embodiment, between two micro-channel, micro-shape rib is vertical structure all the time, and increase of its height is the absolute increase of vertical structure height purely, but the utility model is as limit, and the increase of this height can also realize in other way.
In second exemplary embodiment of the present utility model, when preset temperature is following, under low density of heat flow rate condition, one side miniature rib in the state to toppling over, tilt angle theta is between 10 °-40 °, as shown in Figure 4 A; When preset temperature is above, when density of heat flow rate is higher, miniature rib becomes vertical direction, and as shown in Figure 4 B, thereby the degree of depth of micro-channel is increased.
In the 3rd exemplary embodiment of the present utility model, when preset temperature is following, under the condition of lower density of heat flow rate, the dual-side of each miniature rib is circular-arc towards the same side, and R is between 100-500 μ m, as shown in Figure 5A; When preset temperature is above, when density of heat flow rate is higher, the side of miniature rib becomes straight line, and the vertical height of miniature rib uprises, thereby the degree of depth of micro-channel is increased, as shown in Figure 5 B.
In the 4th exemplary embodiment of the present utility model, when preset temperature is following, under the condition of lower density of heat flow rate, the dual-side of each miniature rib is circular-arc towards inner side, R is between 100-500 μ m, thereby on the section shape of miniature rib integral body, be " T " font, as shown in Figure 6A; When preset temperature is above, when density of heat flow rate is higher, the side of miniature rib becomes straight line, thereby the section shape of miniature rib integral body becomes rectangle, and the vertical height of miniature rib uprises, thereby the degree of depth of micro-channel is increased, as shown in Figure 6B.
So far, by reference to the accompanying drawings the present embodiment be have been described in detail.According to above, describe, those skilled in the art should have clearly understanding to the utility model micro-channel phase change heat exchange device.
In addition, the above-mentioned definition to each element and method is not limited in various concrete structures, shape or the mode of mentioning in embodiment, and those of ordinary skills can change simply or replace it.
In sum, once the utility model micro-channel phase change heat exchange device has solved original heat-obtaining surface and has machined, shape just immobilizes, the technological deficiency that the thickness of liquid film can not be adjusted according to the numerical value of density of heat flow rate, the shape memory alloy material adopting, can there is deformation in the shape or the size that realize micro-channel, thereby adapt to better the requirement of Working fluid phase changing under different density of heat flow rate conditions.Along with the raising of power electronics, opto-electronic device heating density of heat flow rate, this utility model is with a wide range of applications.
Above-described specific embodiment; the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and beneficial effect are further described; institute is understood that; the foregoing is only specific embodiment of the utility model; be not limited to the utility model; all within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any modification of making, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., within all should being included in protection range of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a micro-channel phase change heat exchange device, is characterized in that, comprising:
Outer radiator, is the tubular structure that one end is sealed;
Micro-channel heat sink, is prepared by shape memory alloy material, is platy structure, and it is embedded in the untight one end of described outer radiator tubular structure, forms a closed cavity, filling liquid working medium in this closed cavity;
Wherein, described micro-channel heat sink has the micro-channel of many hundred micron dimensions towards the surface of closed cavity inner side, between adjacent two micro-channel, have trained miniature rib, the degree of depth of the micro-channel when preset temperature is above is greater than the degree of depth of its micro-channel when preset temperature is following.
2. micro-channel phase change heat exchange device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, with when preset temperature is following described in miniature rib compare, when preset temperature is above described in the height of miniature rib uprise, to realize the increase of the micro-channel degree of depth.
3. micro-channel phase change heat exchange device according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
When preset temperature is following, the state of described miniature rib in falling towards an inclination, tilt angle theta is between 10 °-40 °;
When preset temperature is above, described miniature rib is in vertical state, to realize the increase of the micro-channel degree of depth.
4. micro-channel phase change heat exchange device according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
When preset temperature is following, the dual-side of described miniature rib is circular-arc towards the same side;
When preset temperature is above, the side of described miniature rib becomes straight line, and the vertical height of miniature rib uprises, thereby the degree of depth of micro-channel is increased.
5. micro-channel phase change heat exchange device according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
When preset temperature is following, the dual-side of described miniature rib is circular-arc towards inner side, and the section shape of single miniature rib is " T " font;
When preset temperature is above, the side of described miniature rib becomes straight line, and the section shape of single miniature rib becomes rectangle, and its vertical height uprises, thereby the degree of depth of micro-channel is increased.
6. according to the micro-channel phase change heat exchange device described in any one in claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that, described shape memory alloy material is a kind of in following material: NiTi is that marmem, iron are that marmem, copper nickel are that marmem, copper aluminium are that marmem, copper zinc are marmem.
7. according to the micro-channel phase change heat exchange device described in any one in claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that, described preset temperature is 50 ℃~100 ℃ above, and described preset temperature is 25 ℃~50 ℃ below.
8. according to the micro-channel phase change heat exchange device described in any one in claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that, described micro-channel heat sink surface is toward the outer side smooth surface, and the heating face of heater members fits in this smooth surface by heat-conducting silicone grease.
9. according to the micro-channel phase change heat exchange device described in any one in claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that, described outer radiator is cuboid tubular structure, cylindrical structure or conically shaped structure, and the outer surface of described outer radiator has cooling fin.
10. according to the micro-channel phase change heat exchange device described in any one in claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that, described liquid working substance is water, ethanol or freon.
CN201420064347.8U 2014-02-13 2014-02-13 Micro channel phase change heat transfer device Active CN203733777U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103824825A (en) * 2014-02-13 2014-05-28 中国科学院工程热物理研究所 Microchannel phase-change heat transfer device
CN111326999A (en) * 2020-04-08 2020-06-23 昆山圣星通讯器材有限公司 High temperature resistant prevents freezing formula MPP pipe

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103824825A (en) * 2014-02-13 2014-05-28 中国科学院工程热物理研究所 Microchannel phase-change heat transfer device
CN103824825B (en) * 2014-02-13 2017-01-04 中国科学院工程热物理研究所 Micro-channel phase change heat exchange device
CN111326999A (en) * 2020-04-08 2020-06-23 昆山圣星通讯器材有限公司 High temperature resistant prevents freezing formula MPP pipe

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