CN203732086U - Static automatic calibration system for current vortex sensor - Google Patents

Static automatic calibration system for current vortex sensor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203732086U
CN203732086U CN201420065088.0U CN201420065088U CN203732086U CN 203732086 U CN203732086 U CN 203732086U CN 201420065088 U CN201420065088 U CN 201420065088U CN 203732086 U CN203732086 U CN 203732086U
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China
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sensor
static
ratchet
screw
lock
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CN201420065088.0U
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Chinese (zh)
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何闻
徐祥
周杰
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Zhejiang University ZJU
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Zhejiang University ZJU
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a static automatic calibration system for a current vortex sensor. The static automatic calibration system comprises a static calibration disc, a sensor clamp used for mounting a calibrated sensor, a driving mechanism used for driving the static calibration disc to approach or depart from the calibrated sensor, and a guide device used for guiding the static calibration disc, wherein the driving mechanism is mounted in a foundation, the static calibration disc is mounted on the driving mechanism through the a calibration disc support, the sensor clamp is fixed on a sliding block, the foundation is provided with a guide rail used for guiding the sliding block to linearly slide, the sliding block is equipped with a constant torque turn button used for driving the sliding block to slide, a constant torque turn button is fixedly connected with a micro screw, the constant torque turn button penetrates through a baffle block, the micro screw and a micro nut are engaged, the micro nut is fixed on the foundation, the static calibration disc presses against the calibrated sensor, and the constant torque turn button spins. The static automatic calibration system is advantaged in that the static automatic calibration system can make a distance between the calibrated sensor and the static calibration disc be just zero and improves calibration precision.

Description

The static automated calibration system of a kind of current vortex sensor
Technical field
The utility model relates to test and sensor technical field, particularly the static automated calibration system of a kind of current vortex sensor.
Background technology
Current vortex sensor is a kind of non-cpntact measurement sensor, adopts induced electricity vortex principle.When the coil with high-frequency current is during near tested metal, on the Bian metal surface, electromagnetic field of high frequency that the high-frequency current on coil produces, produce induction current, this induction current is called current vortex.
Chinese patent application has disclosed a kind of full-automatic eddy current sensor dynamic/static checking instrument No. 20081036312.2, comprise by school and popping one's head in, fore-lying device, static demarcating test specimen dish, static check probe mounting bracket, linear module driven by stepper motors, the packaged type guide rail extensible frame being driven by it, the corresponding location link stopper arranging and on-mechanical contact positioning switch and the central control unit with touch-screen on guide rail extensible frame and linear module, wherein, static demarcating test specimen dish is arranged on guide rail extensible frame, static check probe mounting bracket is arranged in tester card, central control unit is connected with stepper motor through stepper motor driver with on-mechanical contact positioning switch, be connected with central control unit through fore-lying device by school probe, its static test workflow at least comprises: A, on static check probe mounting bracket, install by school and pop one's head in, and connect corresponding signal connecting line, B, manual adjustment by school probe make its probe end face fully contact with static demarcating test specimen panel surface, C, set consecutive point displacement interval and number of scan points by touch-screen, D, startup AUTOMATIC STATIC checking routine, E, central control unit are through the entry into service of stepper motor driver control step motor, the static check probe mounting bracket that F, stepper motor drive installation have sensor, moves to the direction of probe end face and the increase of static demarcating dish gap, G, central control unit detect and recording voltage output signal value and position, according to by the variation of school probe output valve, judge whether it enters linear work region, if the output valve that H is popped one's head in by school enters linear work region, enter next step, otherwise, repeat above-mentioned F, G step, I, the record initial gap of linearity of being popped one's head in by school and the linear gap magnitude of voltage in linear work starting point, consecutive point spacing and number of scan points that J, basis pre-enter, the single step run step-length of calculated step motor, K, central control unit are according to the step-length of setting, and control step motor remains in operation, and drive static check probe mounting bracket to move to next displacement point to the direction of probe end face and the increase of static demarcating test specimen dish gap, L, record be the linear gap magnitude of voltage at this displacement point by school probe, M, central control unit record, store the gap voltage value of each point automatically, N, central control unit on display screen taking displacement as horizontal ordinate, gap voltage value is ordinate, real-time rendering, show static linear response and/or the sensitivity error curve for the treatment of school probe, simultaneously cumulative by completed number of scan points and/or the test shift length that completed, if O analyzing spot numerical value and/or always test shift length and reach default definite value, enters next step, otherwise repeating step K-N, P, central control unit calculate the linear starting potential of probe, linear initial gap, sensitivity, sensitivity error, nonlinearity erron, and output format form.The shortcoming of this tester is: 1, manual adjustments is by the position of school probe and static demarcating test specimen dish, cannot guarantee just to be fitted by the probe end face of school sensor and static demarcating test specimen panel surface (distance of pop one's head in end face and static demarcating test specimen dish is zero just), be easy to occur that contact is inadequate or mutual to too tight phenomenon, reduce checking precision.2, can only verification the current vortex sensor of a type.
Utility model content
Cannot ensure by the distance between school sensor and demarcation dish to be zero shortcoming just in order to overcome existing current vortex sensor static checking instrument, the utility model provides a kind of can make to be zero just, to improve the static automated calibration system of current vortex sensor of calibration accuracy by the distance between school sensor and demarcation dish.
The static automated calibration system of a kind of current vortex sensor, comprise pedestal, static demarcating dish, for installing by the clamp of sensor of school sensor, drive static demarcating dish near or away from by the driving mechanism of school sensor, and the guide piece that moves of guiding static demarcating dish; Driving mechanism and guide piece are installed in pedestal, and static demarcating dish is installed on driving mechanism by demarcating disc carrier;
It is characterized in that: clamp of sensor is fixed on slide block, pedestal is provided with the guide rail of guide runner linear slide, on slide block, be provided with drive its slip determine torque knob, determining torque knob is fixedly connected with miniature screw rod, determine torque knob and be arranged on block, miniature screw rod engages with miniature nut, and miniature nut is fixed on pedestal, when static demarcating dish props up by school sensor, determine the idle running of torque knob.
The structure that the first is determined torque knob is as follows: determine torque knob and comprise outer ring, ratchet, elastic parts and rotating shaft; One end, outer ring is provided with the holding tank that holds ratchet, and the outer ring other end is fixedly connected with miniature screw rod, for example, be fixedly connected with by spline; Between ratchet and outer ring, be provided with elastic parts, elastic parts has multiple, and elastic parts is uniformly distributed along the inwall of outer ring; Elastic parts comprise the wedge contacting with hook tooth and be arranged at wedge and outer ring between elastic component, elastic component is in compressive state; The inclined-plane of hook tooth and the laminating of the inclined-plane of wedge, the equal rough surface in the inclined-plane of hook tooth and the inclined-plane of wedge; Ratchet and rotating shaft are fixed.Rotating shaft can be used as the object that applies of external force, can be also that rotating shaft and turncap are fixed, and turncap is as the object that applies of external force.
Further, offer uniformly multiple threaded holes on outer ring, an elastic parts is set in each threaded hole, the outer end of each threaded hole is sealed by thread plug, and elastic component is between thread plug and wedge.
When static demarcating dish is not when being contacted by school sensor, when rotating shaft, because elastic component compresses wedge type block and ratchet, act on moment of torsion deficiency in rotating shaft so that wedge type block slides, outer ring is followed ratchet and is rotated, outer ring band actuating miniature screw rod rotation simultaneously, miniature screw rod drives by school sensor to the direction translation near static demarcating dish.When static demarcating dish is when fit by school sensor, miniature screw rod cannot continue movement.Continue to increase rotary torque, when rotary torque increases to while being enough to wedge type block to be slowly pressed in container cavity, wedge slides along the inclined-plane of hook tooth, elastic component decrement increases, and wedge enters in container cavity, until wedge and hook tooth depart from completely, elastic component recovers original decrement, make wedge type block and the laminating of next hook tooth, ratchet skids, and a tooth pitch dallies.When wedge contacts next hook tooth, send click sound, point out static demarcating dish and fitted by school sensor.
The structure that the second is determined torque knob is as follows: determine torque knob and comprise knob body, the first ratchet, the second ratchet, attachment screw, spring and sleeve; Attachment screw comprises the coupling shaft fixing with miniature screw rod, the transmission shaft being connected with the first ratchet and the contiguous block between coupling shaft and transmission shaft; The first ratchet is socketed on transmission shaft slidably, and transmission shaft is provided with the first limited block; The first ratchet and the second ratchet comprise respectively gear teeth portion and sleeve part, and the gear teeth portion of the first ratchet engages with the gear teeth portion of the second ratchet, on the sleeve part of the sleeve part of the first ratchet and the second ratchet, is respectively equipped with stopper slot; The first limited block inserts in the stopper slot of the first ratchet; Knob body comprises turncap, rotating shaft and the rounded stops between turncap and rotating shaft, and rotating shaft is provided with the second limited block, and the second limited block inserts in the stopper slot of the second ratchet; Contiguous block and the sleeve of attachment screw are threaded connection, and spring is between the contiguous block and the first ratchet of attachment screw, in compressive state; The other end of sleeve is provided with the annular retaining ring extending internally, and rounded stops is positioned at sleeve, and turncap exposes to sleeve, and rounded stops pushes against annular retaining ring.
When static demarcating dish is not when being contacted by school sensor, while rotating turncap, rotating shaft and limited block thereof drive the second ratchet rotation, because the second ratchet engages with the first ratchet, the first ratchet and then the second ratchet rotates, and now, transmission shaft and limited block thereof make attachment screw follow rotation, attachment screw makes miniature bolt rotary, miniature screw rod rotate while with by school sensor near the direction translation of static demarcating dish.
When by school sensor and the laminating of static demarcating dish, miniature screw rod cannot continue mobile.The moment producing when external force increases amount of spring compression, relative the first ratchet of the second ratchet slides, when the gear teeth of the second ratchet slide to highest point from the gear teeth bottom position of the first ratchet, the gear teeth portion of the first ratchet and the gear teeth portion of the second ratchet enter second position of engagement, spring recovers original decrement, the first ratchet and the engagement of the second ratchet, send click sound, and prompting is fitted by school sensor and static demarcating dish.
Guide rail adopts crossed roller guide rail, the friction force when reducing to slide.
Further, pedestal is provided with the locking device of fixing slide position, and locking device comprises lock-screw, lock bracket and locking slide plate; Lock bracket is fixed on pedestal, and lock-screw is arranged on lock bracket by screw pair, and the head end of lock-screw is provided with handle, and locking slide plate is fixed on the tail end of lock-screw, and locking slide plate is rounded, and the tail end of lock-screw exposes to lock bracket; Lock-screw is in the time of primary importance, and locking slide plate and slide block are gapped; Lock-screw is in the time of the second place, and locking slide plate is pressed in slide block.After by school sensor and the lucky laminating of static demarcating dish, rotation lock screw makes it screw in to the direction near slide block, and lock-screw arrives the second place, locking slide plate pressed slider, the position of slide block is fixed, and avoids being changed by school sensing station in calibration process.In the time that needs regulate by the position of school sensor, make lock-screw reset to primary importance, gapped between locking slide plate and slide block, slide block can move freely.
Driving mechanism is linear electric motors.Demarcating disc carrier is connected with linear electric motors.In order to ensure static demarcating rim rectilinear motion, the contiguous block that line slideway is set on pedestal and coordinates with line slideway, demarcating disc carrier is fixed on contiguous block, simultaneously contiguous block is fixed with the output terminal of linear electric motors, thus make static demarcating rim straight line to away from or closely moved by the direction of school sensor.
Or driving mechanism comprises stepper motor, the ball-screw being connected with stepper motor and transmission nut, be fixed with the contiguous block that limits nut rotation on transmission nut, and contiguous block one side is connected with transmission nut, and opposite side is connected with slide block.Demarcating disc carrier is fixed on contiguous block.Stepper motor drives ball-screw rotation, and transmission nut is along the axial translation of ball-screw, thus drive static demarcating dish near or away from by school sensor.
Guide piece adopts rolling guide, and guidance quality is good, friction factor is little, rigidity high-bearing capacity is large, stroke is long, is conducive to ensure motion control precision.
In order to limit the stroke region of static demarcating dish, pedestal is provided with the first extreme position travel switch and the second extreme position travel switch, and static demarcating dish moves between two extreme position travel switches.In the time that the rolling guide slide block being connected with static demarcating dish or grating ruler reading head arrive any one extreme position travel switch, driving mechanism stops action.The first extreme position travel switch and the second extreme position travel switch comprise respectively Hall switch and mechanical type limit switch, and Hall switch is contactless limit switch.If wherein when any one switch failure, all also have another switch can ensure that static demarcating dish does not exceed stroke range.
Be subject to the interference of external working environment for fear of driving mechanism, extend the serviceable life of driving mechanism, pedestal is set to be made up of base and shell, and driving mechanism, guide piece and two kinds of extreme position travel switches are all positioned at the chamber that base and shell surround.
On shell, offer chute, demarcate disc carrier and slide in chute; Demarcate between disc carrier and shell and be provided with the first covering and the second covering, the first covering and the second covering are divided into demarcates disc carrier two ends, and two coverings are fixed with shell one end respectively, and the other end is fixed with demarcation disc carrier; Two coverings are respectively organ shape; The both sides of chute are respectively equipped with the guide rail of guiding covering stretching motion, demarcate disc carrier and are set up between guide rail.Demarcating disc carrier and two coverings all slides between the guide groove of guide rail.It is Z-shaped that guide rail is, and the inside surface of guide rail and shell surrounds guide groove.The first covering and the second covering seal chute completely, avoid dust to fall in the chamber that shell and base surround.
On base, be provided with grating scale, contiguous block is provided with grating ruler reading head.The utility model utilizes grating scale and grating ruler reading head to obtain the displacement of static demarcating dish, and degree of accuracy is high.Base is provided with grating scale installing plate, and grating scale is fixed on grating scale installing plate, and read head is fixed on contiguous block by web joint.The first extreme position travel switch and the second extreme position travel switch are all fixed on grating scale installing plate.
Further, clamp of sensor comprises the installing plate fixing with slide block, and for the support of sensor installation, support lock onto on installing plate by trip bolt; On support, be useful on the first installation portion of mounting plane type sensor and for the second installation portion of cylinder shape sensor is installed, the first installation portion comprises the T-slot being opened on support and is mounted slidably the T-nut in T-slot, T-nut is provided with threaded hole, and T-nut is at least two; Planar shaped sensor is fixed by screw and T-nut; The second installation portion comprises the cylindrical hole being opened on support, the lining of different size is set between cylinder shape sensor and cylindrical hole, top of the trellis is provided with threaded hole and coordinates with the lock-screw of lock sensor, installing plate is provided with the kidney slot with cylindrical hole contraposition, and cylinder shape sensor part is positioned at kidney slot.The lining of design different size and slidably T-nut, make clamp of sensor can be applicable to the sensor of different size.
While unclamping trip bolt, support can slide up and down along installing plate, cylindrical hole all the time with kidney slot contraposition.
For guiding trestle slides, the both sides of support are provided with L shaped wing plate, and installing plate is between support and L shaped wing plate, and trip bolt is arranged on L shaped wing plate.Gap between support and L shaped wing plate forms the guide groove that guiding trestle slides, thereby support can only be moved up and down along the side of installing plate, guarantees the contraposition all the time of cylindrical hole and kidney slot.
Further, when verification, static demarcating dish with by the initial distance of school sensor be , wherein, the starting point of linear sensor active section, the terminal of linear sensor active section, uniformly-spaced symmetrical centered by the initial position of static demarcating dish by the measurement point of school sensor.
Further, calibration system has sensor voltage acquisition channel and sensor current acquisition channel, analog switch group selection turn on sensor voltage acquisition passage and/or sensor current acquisition channel.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1, by determine torque knob can ensure static demarcating dish be zero just by the distance of school sensor, improve checking precision.
2, clamp of sensor can be installed cylinder shape sensor, again can mounting plane type sensor, and applicability is wide.
3, calibration system can pick-up transducers the voltage signal of output, current signal that again can pick-up transducers output, adjustable Voltage-output type, current-output type current vortex sensor and electric current and voltage be output type current vortex sensor simultaneously, applied widely.
4, calibration system can be determined automatically by the linear working range of school sensor, and then accurately locates by school sensor best position.
5, measuring accuracy is high: the utility model adopts closed-loop control system using the displacement signal of grating scale output as feedback and long stroke, without the precision ball screw in backhaul gap and friction factor is little, rigidity is high, bearing capacity is large, being used in conjunction with of the rolling guide of stroke length, make calibration system there is high positioning precision, good stability, systematic error is little, and calibration accuracy is high.
6, pedestal is set to be made up of base and shell, driving mechanism and two kinds of extreme position travel switches are all positioned at the chamber that base and shell surround, simultaneously, the sealing of design covering provides demarcates the chute that disc carrier slides, make chamber all the time in complete closed state, reduce the interference effect of outer bound pair calibration system, extended the serviceable life of calibration system.
7, range ability is large: the utility model has used linear grating chi as displacement measurement element, measures range ability large.The utility model has overcome the defect that can only calibrate short range current vortex sensor that calibrating installation causes due to the restriction of displacement measurement element.
8, calibration process safety: static calibration device is provided with Hall switch and mechanical type limit switch at the first extreme position and the second extreme position.Static demarcating dish moves between two limit positions.In the time that the rolling guide slide block being connected with static demarcating dish or grating ruler reading head arrive any one extreme position, driving mechanism stops action.If when any one switch failure, all also have another limit switch to ensure that static demarcating dish does not exceed stroke range, has double protection.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is structured flowchart of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is that the first is determined the schematic diagram that torque knob is connected with miniature screw rod, miniature nut.
Fig. 4 is the stereographic map that the first is determined torque knob.
Fig. 5 is the axial cut-open view that the first is determined torque knob.
Fig. 6 is the radial cross-section that the first is determined torque knob.
Fig. 7 is the structure principle chart that the second is determined torque knob.
Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram of latch mechanism.
Fig. 9 is that driving mechanism and static demarcating dish are arranged on the schematic diagram on base.
Figure 10 is the first covering, the second covering is with shell and demarcate the schematic diagram that disc carrier is connected.
Figure 11 is that clamp of sensor is installed column type current vortex sensor schematic diagram.
Figure 12 is the schematic diagram of lining.
Figure 13 is clamp of sensor mounting plane type current vortex sensor schematic diagram.
Figure 14 is the static characteristic curve of current vortex sensor.
Figure 15 is by definite procedure chart of school linear sensor active section and best position.
Figure 16 is closed-loop control system theory diagram.
Embodiment
With reference to accompanying drawing, further illustrate the utility model:
As shown in Figure 1, 2, the static automated calibration system of a kind of current vortex sensor, comprises pedestal, static demarcating dish 20, for installing by the clamp of sensor of school sensor, drive static demarcating dish 20 near or away from the guide piece being moved by the driving mechanism of school sensor and guiding static demarcating dish; Driving mechanism and guide piece are installed in pedestal, and static demarcating dish 20 is arranged in to be demarcated on disc carrier 22, and fixing with lock-screw 21, demarcates disc carrier 22 and is installed on driving mechanism;
Clamp of sensor is fixed on slide block 8, pedestal is provided with the guide rail 10,11 of guide runner 8 linear slide, on slide block 8, be provided with drive its slip determine torque knob, determining torque knob is fixedly connected with miniature screw rod 15, determine torque knob be arranged in block 9 on, miniature screw rod 15 engages with miniature nut 16, miniature nut 16 is fixed on pedestal, when static demarcating dish 20 props up by school sensor, determine the idle running of torque knob.
As in Figure 3-5, the structure that the first is determined torque knob 14 is as follows: determine torque knob and comprise outer ring 14-1, ratchet 14-5, elastic parts and rotating shaft 14-6; 14-1 one end, outer ring is provided with the holding tank that holds ratchet 14-5, and the outer ring 14-1 other end is fixedly connected with miniature screw rod 15, for example, be fixedly connected with by spline; Between ratchet 14-5 and outer ring 14-1, be provided with elastic parts, elastic parts has multiple, and elastic parts is uniformly distributed along the inwall of outer ring 14-1; Elastic parts comprise the wedge 14-4 contacting with hook tooth and be arranged at wedge 14-4 and outer ring 14-1 between elastic component 14-3; The inclined-plane laminating of the inclined-plane of hook tooth and wedge 14-4, the equal rough surface in inclined-plane of the inclined-plane of hook tooth and wedge 14-4; Ratchet 14-5 and rotating shaft 14-6 fix.Rotating shaft 14-6 can be used as the object that applies of external force, can be also that rotating shaft 14-6 and turncap are fixed, and turncap is as the object that applies of external force.
On the 14-1 of outer ring, offer uniformly multiple threaded holes, threaded hole the first half is threaded, and the latter half is through hole, forms the container cavity of wedge type block 14-4.An elastic component 14-3 is set in each threaded hole, and the outer end of each threaded hole is sealed by thread plug 14-2, and elastic component 14-3 is between thread plug 14-2 and wedge 14-4, in compressive state.
When static demarcating dish 20 is not when being contacted by school sensor, when rotating shaft 14-6, because elastic component 14-3 compresses wedge type block 14-4 and ratchet 14-5, act on moment of torsion deficiency on rotating shaft 14-6 so that wedge type block 14-4 slides, outer ring 14-1 follows ratchet 14-5 and rotates, outer ring 14-1 band actuating miniature screw rod 15 rotates simultaneously, and miniature screw rod 15 drives by school sensor to the direction translation near static demarcating dish 20.When static demarcating dish 20 is when fit by school sensor, miniature screw rod 15 cannot continue movement.Rotary torque increases, when rotary torque increases to while being enough to wedge type block 14-4 to be slowly pressed in container cavity, wedge 14-4 slides along the inclined-plane of hook tooth, the decrement of elastic component 14-2 increases, and wedge 14-4 enters in container cavity, until wedge 14-4 and hook tooth depart from completely, elastic component 14-2 recovers original decrement, make wedge type block 14-4 and the laminating of next hook tooth, ratchet 14-5 skids, and a tooth pitch dallies.Wedge 14-4 sends click sound while contacting next hook tooth, point out static demarcating dish 20 and fitted by school sensor.In the present embodiment, elastic component 14-3 adopts cylindrical spring.
Guide rail adopts crossed roller guide rail 10,11, the friction force when reducing to slide.
Pedestal is provided with the locking device of fixing slide position, and as shown in Figure 8, locking device comprises lock bracket 17, lock-screw 18 and locking slide plate 19; Lock bracket 17 is fixed on pedestal, lock-screw 18 is arranged on lock bracket 17 by screw pair, and the head end of lock-screw 18 is provided with handle, and locking slide plate 19 is fixed on the tail end of lock-screw, locking slide plate 19 is rounded, and the tail end of lock-screw 18 exposes to lock bracket 17; Lock-screw 18 is in the time of primary importance, and locking slide plate 19 is gapped with slide block 8; Lock-screw 18 is in the time of the second place, and locking slide plate 19 is pressed in slide block 8.After by school sensor and the lucky laminating of static demarcating dish 20, rotation lock screw 18 makes it screw in to the direction near slide block 8, and lock-screw 18 arrives the second place, locking slide plate 19 pressed sliders 8, the position of slide block 8 is fixed, and avoids being changed by school sensing station in calibration process.In the time that needs regulate by the position of school sensor, make lock-screw 18 reset to primary importance, gapped between locking slide plate 19 and slide block 8, slide block 8 can move freely.
Driving mechanism is linear electric motors.Demarcating disc carrier 22 is connected with linear electric motors.Move along a straight line in order to ensure static demarcating dish 20, the contiguous block 26 that line slideway is set on pedestal and coordinates with line slideway, demarcating disc carrier 22 is fixed on contiguous block 26, simultaneously contiguous block 26 is fixed with the output terminal of linear electric motors, thus make static demarcating dish 20 along straight line to away from or near being moved by the direction of school sensor.
Certainly, those skilled in the art can expect, driving mechanism adopts stepper motor 30 and ball-screw 28 to realize.Specifically, as shown in Figure 9, driving mechanism comprises stepper motor 30, the ball-screw 28 being connected with stepper motor and transmission nut 27, the contiguous block 26 that is fixed with restriction nut rotation on transmission nut 27, contiguous block 26 1 sides are connected with transmission nut 27, and opposite side is connected with rolling guide slide block 31.Demarcating disc carrier 22 is fixed on contiguous block 26.Stepper motor drives ball-screw 28 to rotate, and transmission nut 27 is along ball-screw 28 axial translations, thus drive static demarcating dish 20 near or away from by school sensor.
Guide piece adopts rolling guide 31,32, and guidance quality is good, friction factor is little, rigidity high-bearing capacity is large, stroke is long, is conducive to ensure motion control precision.
As shown in Figure 9, in order to limit the stroke region of static demarcating dish 20, pedestal is provided with the first extreme position travel switch and the second extreme position travel switch, and static demarcating dish moves between two extreme position travel switches.In the time of the rolling guide slide block 31 being connected with static demarcating dish 20 or read head 34 any one extreme position travel switch of arrival, driving mechanism stops action.The first extreme position travel switch and the second extreme position travel switch comprise respectively mechanical type limit switch 37 and Hall switch 38, and Hall switch 37 is contactless limit switch.If wherein when any one switch failure, all also have another switch can ensure that static demarcating dish 20 does not exceed stroke range.
Be subject to the interference of external working environment for fear of driving mechanism, extend the serviceable life of driving mechanism, pedestal is set to be made up of base 29 and shell 13, and driving mechanism, guide piece and two kinds of extreme position travel switches are all positioned at the chamber that base 29 and shell 13 surround.
On shell 13, offer chute, demarcate disc carrier 22 and slide in chute; As shown in figure 10, demarcate between disc carrier 22 and shell 13 and be provided with the first covering 25-1 and the second covering 25-2, the first covering 25-1 and the second covering 25-2 are divided into and demarcate disc carrier 22 two ends, two coverings 25 respectively one end are fixed with shell 13, the other end is fixed with demarcating disc carrier 22, and two covering 25-1,25-2 are respectively organ shape; The both sides of chute are respectively equipped with the guide rail of guiding covering stretching motion, demarcate disc carrier 22 and are set up between guide rail.Demarcating disc carrier 22 and two coverings 25 all slides between the guide groove of guide rail.It is Z-shaped that guide rail is, and the inside surface of guide rail and shell 13 surrounds guide groove.The first covering 25-1 and the second covering 25-2 seal chute completely, avoid dust to fall in the chamber that shell 13 and base 29 surround.
On base 29, be provided with grating scale 35, on contiguous block 26, be provided with grating ruler reading head 34 by web joint 33.The utility model utilizes grating ruler reading head 34 and grating scale 35 to obtain the displacement of static demarcating dish 20, and degree of accuracy is high.Base 29 is provided with grating scale installing plate 36, and grating scale 35 is fixed on grating scale installing plate 36.The first extreme position travel switch and the second extreme position travel switch are all fixed on grating scale installing plate 36.
As shown in Figure 11-13, clamp of sensor comprise for fixing by the lock-screw 1 of school sensor, for install by the support 2 of school sensor and with the fixing installing plate 3 of slide block, support 2 lock onto on installing plate 3 by trip bolt 6; On support 2, be useful on the first installation portion of mounting plane type sensor and for the second installation portion of cylinder shape sensor is installed, the first installation portion comprises the T-slot being opened on support 2 and is mounted slidably the T-nut 7 in T-slot, T-nut 7 is provided with threaded hole, and T-nut 7 is at least two; Planar shaped sensor is fixing by screw and T-nut 7; The second installation portion comprises the cylindrical hole being opened on support 2, the lining 4 of different size is set between cylinder shape sensor and cylindrical hole, top of the trellis is provided with threaded hole and coordinates with the lock-screw 1 of lock sensor, installing plate 3 is provided with the kidney slot with cylindrical hole contraposition, and cylinder shape sensor part is positioned at kidney slot.The lining 4 of design different size and slidably T-nut 7, can make clamp of sensor be applicable to the sensor of different size.
While unclamping trip bolt 6, support 2 can slide up and down along installing plate 3, cylindrical hole all the time with kidney slot contraposition.
For guiding trestle 2 slides, the both sides of support 2 are provided with L shaped wing plate 5, and installing plate 3 is between support 2 and L shaped wing plate 5, and trip bolt 6 is arranged on L shaped wing plate 5.Gap between support 2 and L shaped wing plate 5 forms the guide groove that guiding trestle 2 slides, thereby support 2 can only be moved up and down along the side of installing plate 3, guarantees the contraposition all the time of cylindrical hole and kidney slot.
When verification, static demarcating dish 20 with by the initial distance of school sensor be , wherein, the starting point of linear sensor active section, the terminal of linear sensor active section, uniformly-spaced symmetrical centered by the initial position of static demarcating dish 20 by the measurement point of school sensor.
Calibration system has sensor voltage acquisition channel and sensor current acquisition channel, analog switch group selection turn on sensor voltage acquisition passage and/or sensor current acquisition channel.
With reference to Figure 14, the output of current vortex sensor and the relation curve in gap are called gap-voltage/gap-current curve, substantially the part that approaches straight line on curve is referred to as the range of linearity of sensor, the slope of linearity range is current vortex sensor sensitivity, the variation of sensor output when it changes corresponding to per unit gap.The displacement range of pick up calibration is linear work section starting point to the terminal of linear work section between.
Owing to only having the output of desirable current vortex sensor and gap to be absolute linear relationship, actual current vortex sensor output and gap are approximate linear relationship in the range of linearity, and in the midpoint linearity minimum of the range of linearity, sensitivity is the highest.Mid point using the mid point of the range of linearity as calibration range, in the linear working range of sensor, selecting test point is when uniformly-spaced symmetrical centered by the mid point of the range of linearity, and calibration accuracy is higher.Therefore sensor best position is the point midway of its linear working range, and sensor and static demarcating dish gap are place.
Therefore the important process before calibrating sensors is to determine the linear working range of sensor and the best position of sensor.As shown in figure 15, the linear work section of current vortex sensor and definite method of best position are as follows:
(1) according to being selected the first installation portion of clamp of sensor or the second installation portion to complete the installation of current vortex sensor by the shape of school sensor.
(2) by determining torque knob, to make gap between current vortex sensor and static demarcating dish 20 be zero, simultaneously by the static automated calibration system collection of current vortex sensor record displacement and sensor output now.
(3) slowly increase the gap between current vortex sensor and static demarcating dish 20 taking 0.01mm as step-length, until sensor output value changes hardly.The static automated calibration system of current vortex sensor can gather shift value and the sensor output of each step automatically, records number of test points N, and data are saved in controller.
(4) controller of calibration system connects the data two-end-point gathering in step (3), finds out and line distance test point farthest, then from this test point, the data of collection is divided into 2 sections.
(5) in the same way the data of segmentation are continued to segmentation, until so circulation inferior.
(6) use least square method to carry out linear fit to each segment data, obtain the output of sensor in each segment data with change in displacement value.
(7) numerical value in step (6) is less than to 0.5 reject, remaining after relatively rejecting , extract in 95% one group of big or small phase mutual deviation value, this group corresponding displacement range be by the linear working range of school sensor. for current vortex sensor linear work section starting point, for the terminal of current vortex sensor linear work section.
(8) during by verification, static demarcating dish 20 be set to by the initial distance of school sensor .
(9) in linear work section, using static demarcating dish, the initial position during in verification is as calibration mid point, and centered by initial position, symmetrical equally spaced several test points of getting are calibrated sensor.
With reference to Figure 16, the displacement signal of controller sends in count comparator by communication module, as a reference quantity, FPGA is according to the work of controller instruction control step motor driver, thereby stepper motor 30 drives ball-screw 28 to rotate the rectilinear motion that drives static demarcating dish 20, grating scale 34 feeds back to the displacement signal of collection in the count comparator of FPGA and compares with reference quantity, whether again to determine the number of transmitted signal and direction signal and pulse signal according to inclined to one side extent.Thereby reach the accurate object of controlling sensor displacement.
Calibration system has sensor voltage acquisition channel and sensor current acquisition channel, analog switch group selection turn on sensor voltage acquisition passage and/or sensor current acquisition channel.
In the time carrying out pick up calibration, on the control interface of controller, select to be calibrated the type of sensor according to the type that is calibrated sensor output signal, and send instruction to FPGA control system control simulation switch by serial communication module.Specific implementation step is as follows:
(1) in the time being calibrated sensor and being Voltage-output type sensor, in sensor type on controller interface, select voltage-type, FPGA control system makes analog switch select cut-in voltage acquisition channel according to the instruction of controller, the voltage signal of pick-up transducers output, calibration system realizes the calibration to Voltage-output type sensor according to the displacement, the voltage signal that gather.
(2) in the time being calibrated sensor and being current-output type sensor, in the upper sensor type of controller interface, select current mode, FPGA control system makes analog switch select firing current acquisition channel according to the instruction of controller, the current signal of pick-up transducers output, calibration system realizes the calibration to current-output type sensor according to the displacement, the current signal that gather.
(3) in the time being calibrated sensor and being electric current and voltage output type sensor, in the upper sensor type of controller interface, select current/voltage type, FPGA control system is according to simultaneously firing current acquisition channel and voltage acquisition passage of controller instruction control simulation switch, when realizing electric current to sensor output, voltage signal, gathers.Calibration system is calibrated current/voltage output type sensor according to the displacement, electric current, the voltage data that gather.
Embodiment 2
The present embodiment is from the difference part of embodiment 1: the concrete structure of determining torque knob is different.Structure except determining torque knob is all identical with embodiment 1.
As shown in Figure 7, the structure that the second is determined torque knob is as follows: determine torque knob 12 and comprise attachment screw 12-1, spring 12-2, the first ratchet 12-3, the second ratchet 12-4, knob body 12-5 and sleeve 12-6; Attachment screw 12-1 comprises the coupling shaft fixing with miniature screw rod 15, the transmission shaft being connected with the first ratchet 12-3 and the contiguous block between coupling shaft and transmission shaft; The first ratchet 12-3 is socketed on transmission shaft slidably, and transmission shaft is provided with the first limited block; The first ratchet 12-3 and the second ratchet 12-4 comprise respectively gear teeth portion and sleeve part, and the gear teeth portion of the first ratchet 12-3 engages with the gear teeth portion of the second ratchet 12-4, on the sleeve part of the sleeve part of the first ratchet 12-3 and the second ratchet 12-4, is respectively equipped with stopper slot; The first limited block inserts in the stopper slot of the first ratchet 12-3; Knob body 12-5 comprises turncap, rotating shaft and the rounded stops between turncap and rotating shaft, and rotating shaft is provided with the second limited block, and the second limited block inserts in the stopper slot of the second ratchet; The contiguous block of attachment screw 12-1 and sleeve 12-6 are threaded connection, and spring 12-2 is between the contiguous block and the first ratchet 12-3 of attachment screw, in compressive state; The other end of sleeve 12-6 is provided with the annular retaining ring extending internally, and rounded stops is positioned at sleeve 12-6, and turncap exposes to sleeve 12-6, and rounded stops pushes against annular retaining ring.
When static demarcating dish is not when being contacted by school sensor, while rotating turncap, rotating shaft and limited block thereof drive the second ratchet 12-4 rotation, because the second ratchet 12-4 engages with the first ratchet 12-3, the first ratchet 12-3 and then the second ratchet 12-4 rotates, and now, transmission shaft and limited block thereof make attachment screw 12-1 follow rotation, attachment screw 12-1 rotates miniature screw rod 15, miniature screw rod 15 rotate while with by school sensor near the direction translation of static demarcating dish 22.
In the time being fitted by school sensor and static demarcating dish 22, miniature screw rod 15 cannot continue mobile.Now, applied moment increases, the moment producing when external force increases spring 12-2 decrement, the second ratchet 12-4 is relative, and the first ratchet 12-3 slides, when the gear teeth of the second ratchet 12-4 slide to highest point from the gear teeth bottom position of the first ratchet 12-3, the gear teeth portion of the gear teeth portion of the first ratchet 12-3 and the second ratchet 12-4 enters second position of engagement, spring 12-2 recovers original decrement, the first ratchet 12-3 and the second ratchet 12-4 engagement, send click sound, prompting is fitted just by school sensor and static demarcating dish 22.
Content described in this instructions embodiment is only enumerating of way of realization to utility model design; protection domain of the present utility model should not be regarded as only limiting to the concrete form that embodiment states, protection domain of the present utility model also and conceive the equivalent technologies means that can expect according to the utility model in those skilled in the art.

Claims (10)

1. the static automated calibration system of current vortex sensor, comprise pedestal, static demarcating dish, for installing by the clamp of sensor of school sensor, drive static demarcating dish near or away from by the driving mechanism of school sensor, and the guide piece that moves of guiding static demarcating dish; Driving mechanism and guide piece are installed in pedestal, and static demarcating dish is installed on driving mechanism by demarcating disc carrier;
It is characterized in that: clamp of sensor is fixed on slide block, pedestal is provided with the guide rail of guide runner linear slide, on slide block, be provided with drive its slip determine torque knob, determining torque knob is fixedly connected with miniature screw rod, determine torque knob and be arranged on block, miniature screw rod engages with miniature nut, and miniature nut is fixed on pedestal, when static demarcating dish props up by school sensor, determine the idle running of torque knob.
2. the static automated calibration system of current vortex sensor as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: determine torque knob and comprise outer ring, ratchet, elastic parts and rotating shaft; One end, outer ring is provided with the holding tank that holds ratchet, and the outer ring other end is fixedly connected with miniature screw rod, for example, be fixedly connected with by spline; Between ratchet and outer ring, be provided with elastic parts, elastic parts has multiple, and elastic parts is uniformly distributed along the inwall of outer ring; Elastic parts comprise the wedge contacting with hook tooth and be arranged at wedge and outer ring between elastic component; The inclined-plane of hook tooth and the laminating of the inclined-plane of wedge, the equal rough surface in the inclined-plane of hook tooth and the inclined-plane of wedge; Ratchet and rotating shaft are fixed.
3. the static automated calibration system of current vortex sensor as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: on outer ring, offer uniformly multiple threaded holes, an elastic parts is set in each threaded hole, and the outer end of each threaded hole is sealed by thread plug, and elastic component is between thread plug and wedge.
4. the static automated calibration system of current vortex sensor as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: determine torque knob and comprise knob body, the first ratchet, the second ratchet, attachment screw, spring and sleeve; Attachment screw comprises the coupling shaft fixing with miniature screw rod, the transmission shaft being connected with the first ratchet and the contiguous block between coupling shaft and transmission shaft; The first ratchet is socketed on transmission shaft slidably, and transmission shaft is provided with the first limited block; The first ratchet and the second ratchet comprise respectively gear teeth portion and sleeve part, and the gear teeth portion of the first ratchet engages with the gear teeth portion of the second ratchet, on the sleeve part of the sleeve part of the first ratchet and the second ratchet, is respectively equipped with stopper slot; The first limited block inserts in the stopper slot of the first ratchet; Knob body comprises turncap, rotating shaft and the rounded stops between turncap and rotating shaft, and rotating shaft is provided with the second limited block, and the second limited block inserts in the stopper slot of the second ratchet; Contiguous block and the sleeve of attachment screw are threaded connection, and spring is between contiguous block and the first ratchet; The other end of sleeve is provided with the annular retaining ring extending internally, and rounded stops is positioned at sleeve, and turncap exposes to sleeve, and rounded stops pushes against annular retaining ring.
5. the static automated calibration system of the current vortex sensor as described in one of claim 1-4, is characterized in that: pedestal is provided with the locking device of fixing slide position, and locking device comprises lock-screw, lock bracket and locking slide plate; Lock bracket is fixed on pedestal, and lock-screw is arranged on lock bracket by screw pair, and the head end of lock-screw is provided with handle, and locking slide plate is fixed on the tail end of lock-screw, and locking slide plate is rounded, and the tail end of lock-screw exposes to lock bracket; Lock-screw is in the time of primary importance, and locking slide plate and slide block are gapped; Lock-screw is in the time of the second place, and locking slide plate is pressed in slide block.
6. the static automated calibration system of current vortex sensor as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that: pedestal is provided with the first extreme position travel switch and the second extreme position travel switch, and static demarcating dish moves between two extreme position travel switches.
7. the static automated calibration system of current vortex sensor as claimed in claim 6, is characterized in that: pedestal is made up of base and shell, and driving mechanism, guide piece and two extreme position travel switches are all positioned at the chamber that base and shell surround;
On shell, offer chute, demarcate disc carrier and slide in chute; Demarcate between disc carrier and shell and be provided with the first covering and the second covering, the first covering and the second covering are divided into demarcates disc carrier two ends, and two coverings are fixed with shell one end respectively, and the other end is fixed with demarcation disc carrier; Two coverings are respectively organ shape; The both sides of chute are respectively equipped with the guide rail of guiding covering stretching motion, demarcate disc carrier and are set up between guide rail; Demarcating disc carrier and two coverings all slides between the guide groove of guide rail; It is Z-shaped that guide rail is, and the inside surface of guide rail and shell surrounds guide groove; Grating scale is set on base, grating ruler reading head is set on contiguous block.
8. the static automated calibration system of current vortex sensor as claimed in claim 7, is characterized in that: clamp of sensor comprises the installing plate fixing with slide block, and for the support of sensor installation, support lock onto on installing plate by trip bolt; On installing plate for the first installation portion of mounting plane type sensor with for the second installation portion of cylinder shape sensor is installed, the first installation portion comprises the T-slot being opened on support and is mounted slidably the T-nut in T-slot, T-nut is provided with threaded hole, and T-nut is at least two; Planar shaped sensor is fixed by screw and T-nut; The second installation portion comprises the cylindrical hole being opened on support, between cylinder shape sensor and cylindrical hole, lining is set, prop up the lock-screw that top of the trellis is provided with lock sensor, installing plate is provided with the kidney slot with cylindrical hole contraposition, and cylinder shape sensor part is positioned at kidney slot; The both sides of support are provided with L shaped wing plate, and installing plate is between support and L shaped wing plate, and trip bolt is arranged on L shaped wing plate.
9. the static automated calibration system of current vortex sensor as claimed in claim 8, is characterized in that: when verification, static demarcating dish with by the initial distance of school sensor be , wherein, the starting point of linear sensor active section, the terminal of linear sensor active section, uniformly-spaced symmetrical centered by the initial position of static demarcating dish by the measurement point of school sensor.
10. the static automated calibration system of current vortex sensor as claimed in claim 9, it is characterized in that: calibration system has sensor voltage acquisition channel and sensor current acquisition channel analog switch group selection turn on sensor voltage acquisition passage and/or sensor current acquisition channel.
CN201420065088.0U 2014-02-13 2014-02-13 Static automatic calibration system for current vortex sensor Expired - Fee Related CN203732086U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103776481A (en) * 2014-02-13 2014-05-07 浙江大学 Static automatic calibration system of electrical vortex sensor

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103776481A (en) * 2014-02-13 2014-05-07 浙江大学 Static automatic calibration system of electrical vortex sensor
CN103776481B (en) * 2014-02-13 2016-05-04 浙江大学 The static automated calibration system of a kind of current vortex sensor
CN105841732A (en) * 2014-02-13 2016-08-10 浙江大学 Current vortex sensor static state automatic calibration system
CN105841732B (en) * 2014-02-13 2018-05-22 浙江大学 A kind of current vortex sensor static state automated calibration system

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