CN203730081U - Novel thermal power generation system - Google Patents

Novel thermal power generation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203730081U
CN203730081U CN201420105045.0U CN201420105045U CN203730081U CN 203730081 U CN203730081 U CN 203730081U CN 201420105045 U CN201420105045 U CN 201420105045U CN 203730081 U CN203730081 U CN 203730081U
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China
Prior art keywords
steam
pressure
pipeline
connects
heat exchanger
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201420105045.0U
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Chinese (zh)
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苟仲武
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苟仲武
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a novel thermal power generation system comprising a condensate water storage tank, a high-pressure water pump, a jet flow diverter, a high-pressure aerated water pipeline, a high-pressure boiler, a high-pressure steam pipeline, a mixed steam flow diverter, a medium-pressure steam pipeline, a turbine, a generator, a steam exhaust pipeline, a condenser, a condensate pipeline, a condensate pump, a fuel input pipeline, a fuel gas recycling entropy heat exchanger composed by a steam expansion section, a steam heat exchanger and a steam contraction section, a refrigerant high-pressure pipeline, a condensing heat exchanger, a heat pump compressor, an expansion throttle valve, a jet flow steam return pipeline, a high-temperature flue gas pipeline, a low-temperature flue gas discharge pipeline, a hydrating pipeline, a vacuum exhaust device and a refrigerant low-pressure pipeline. By the arrangement, a heat emission step is omitted, and thermoelectric conversion efficiency can be greatly improved.

Description

A kind of Novel fire force generating system
Technical field
The utility model belongs to thermal power generation field, is specifically related to a kind of Novel fire force generating system.
Background technique
The medium that thermal power plant selects is at present water, is characterized in environmental protection, easily obtains, recycles,
Boiling point is high, critical temperature is high, vaporization heat is high; Condensation dissipation heat ratio is large; The thermal source that thermal power plant can utilize is at present limited, must, higher than 100 ° of C, be nearly all newly-increased energy consumption.
At present thermoelectricity, nuclear power generating link operating temperature are too high, and conversion efficiency of thermoelectric is lower, low temperature
The heat of condensation is difficult to utilize, and cannot directly mend entropy.
Adopt the water that part steam-condensation obtains for conduct, to mend the medium of entropy, utilize fluid mechanics principle
Realize with high temperature and high pressure steam heat energy and directly take out and \ press exhaust steam to mend entropy, and adopt this part heat of condensation of heat pump techniques recycling, and adopt flue gas and steam heat exchange to make full use of residual heat from boiler fume, realize full heat utilization, there is no hot driving link, conversion efficiency of thermoelectric will significantly promote.
Summary of the invention
The utility model, for the problems referred to above, provides a kind of Novel fire force generating system.
The technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of Novel fire force generating system, comprise: condensed water storage tank, high-pressure water pump, jet drainage device, high pressure steam-water pipeline, high-pressure autoclave, high pressure steam pipeline, vapor mixing drainage device, medium pressure steam pipeline, steam turbine, generator, exhaust steam pipeline, vapour condenser, condensate line, condensate pump, fuel inlet pipe road, by steam extending section, vapor heat exchanger, the off-gas recovery that steam contraction section forms is mended entropy heat exchanger, refrigerant pressure duct, condensing heat exchanger, heat pump compressor, expansion throttling valve, jet back-steam pipeline, high temperature flue gas pipeline, low-temperature flue gas discharge conduit, water pipe, vacuumizing and exhausting device and refrigerant low pressure line, described high-pressure water pump input end connects condensed water storage tank, described high-pressure water pump output terminal connects jet drainage device, described high-pressure autoclave connects jet drainage device by high pressure steam-water pipeline, described high-pressure autoclave connects vapor mixing drainage device by high pressure steam pipeline, described high-pressure autoclave connects off-gas recovery by high temperature flue gas pipeline and mends entropy heat exchanger, described vapor mixing drainage device connects steam turbine by medium pressure steam pipeline, described generator is arranged on steam turbine rear end, and described generator connects steam turbine, described steam extending section connects the output terminal of exhaust steam pipeline, the inlet end of described exhaust steam pipeline connects steam turbine, described vapor heat exchanger is arranged on the top of steam extending section and is connected with steam extending section, described steam contraction section is arranged on the top of vapor heat exchanger, and the upper end of described steam contraction section is connected with vapor mixing drainage device, and lower end is connected with vapor heat exchanger, described high temperature flue gas pipeline is connected respectively vapor heat exchanger with low-temperature flue gas discharge conduit, described jet back-steam pipeline output terminal connects jet drainage device, and the described jet back-steam pipeline the other end connects steam contraction section, described condensing heat exchanger is arranged in condensed water storage tank, described condensing heat exchanger connects refrigerant pressure duct, described refrigerant pressure duct connects vapour condenser by expansion throttling valve, described vacuumizing and exhausting device input end connects vapour condenser, described refrigerant low pressure line input end connects vapour condenser, and output terminal connects heat pump compressor, described heat pump compressor output terminal connects condensing heat exchanger, described condensate line output terminal connects condensed water transfer pump, and input end connects vapour condenser, described condensate pump output terminal connects condensed water storage tank, described condensing heat exchanger, refrigerant pressure duct, expansion throttling valve, vapour condenser, refrigerant low pressure line, heat pump compressor, composition compression heat pump system.
Advantage of the present utility model:
The utility model does not have heat discharge link, and conversion efficiency of thermoelectric significantly improves;
Can in existing power generation system, transform acquisition;
Can be for nuclear power station;
Motor that system equipment is used is few, energy and power all makes full use of from heat energy, heat energy;
Ultrahigh pressure link is few, ultrahigh pressure tolerance is little, can realize low pressure unit efficiency power generation, and Security improves, and equipment cost reduces;
Can be for steam turbine power system, for the big machinery haulage devices such as steamer, warship, submarine, the high efficiency steam utilization of realizing.
Except object described above, feature and advantage, the utility model also has other object, feature and advantage.Below with reference to figure, the utility model is described in further detail.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The accompanying drawing that forms the application's a part is used to provide further understanding of the present utility model, and schematic description and description of the present utility model is used for explaining the utility model, does not form improper restriction of the present utility model.
Fig. 1 is a kind of Novel fire force generating system structural representation of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 2 is a kind of Novel fire force generating system method of work flow chart of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the utility model embodiment's jet drainage device structural representation;
Fig. 4 is the utility model embodiment's vapor mixing drainage device structural representation.
Accompanying drawing explanation:
1 is condensed water storage tank, 2 is high-pressure water pump, 3 is jet drainage device, 4 is high pressure steam-water pipeline, 5 is high-pressure autoclave, 6 is high pressure steam pipeline, 7 is vapor mixing drainage device, 8 is medium pressure steam pipeline, 9 is steam turbine, 10 is generator, 11 is exhaust steam pipeline, 12 is vapour condenser, 13 is condensate line, 14 is condensate pump, 15 is fuel inlet pipe road, 16 is steam extending section, 17 is vapor heat exchanger, 18 is steam contraction section, 19 is refrigerant pressure duct, 20 is condensing heat exchanger, 21 is heat pump compressor, 22 is expansion throttling valve, 23 is jet back-steam pipeline, 24 is high temperature flue gas pipeline, 25 is low-temperature flue gas discharge conduit, 26 is water pipe, 27 is that vacuumizing and exhausting device and 28 is refrigerant low pressure line.
Embodiment
In order to make the purpose of this utility model, technological scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only in order to explain the utility model, and be not used in restriction the utility model.
With reference to figure 1, a kind of Novel fire force generating system as shown in Figure 1, comprise: condensed water storage tank 1, high-pressure water pump 2, jet drainage device 3, high pressure steam-water pipeline 4, high-pressure autoclave 5, high pressure steam pipeline 6, vapor mixing drainage device 7, medium pressure steam pipeline 8, steam turbine 9, generator 10, exhaust steam pipeline 11, vapour condenser 12, condensate line 13, condensate pump 14, fuel inlet pipe road 15, by steam extending section 16, vapor heat exchanger 17, the off-gas recovery that steam contraction section 18 forms is mended entropy heat exchanger, refrigerant pressure duct 19, condensing heat exchanger 20, heat pump compressor 21, expansion throttling valve 22, jet back-steam pipeline 23, high temperature flue gas pipeline 24, low-temperature flue gas discharge conduit 25, water pipe 26, vacuumizing and exhausting device 27 and refrigerant low pressure line 28, described high-pressure water pump 2 input ends connect condensed water storage tank 1, described high-pressure water pump 2 output terminals connect jet drainage device 3, described high-pressure autoclave 5 connects jet drainage device 3 by high pressure steam-water pipeline 4, described high-pressure autoclave 5 connects vapor mixing drainage device 7 by high pressure steam pipeline 6, described high-pressure autoclave 5 connects off-gas recovery by high temperature flue gas pipeline 24 and mends entropy heat exchanger, described vapor mixing drainage device 7 connects steam turbine 9 by medium pressure steam pipeline 8, described generator 10 is arranged on steam turbine 9 rear ends, and described generator 10 connects steam turbine 9, described steam extending section 16 connects the output terminal of exhaust steam pipeline 11, the inlet end of described exhaust steam pipeline 11 connects steam turbine 9, described vapor heat exchanger 17 is arranged on the top of steam extending section 16 and is connected with steam extending section 16, described steam contraction section 18 is arranged on the top of vapor heat exchanger 17, and the upper end of described steam contraction section 18 is connected with vapor mixing drainage device 7, and lower end is connected with vapor heat exchanger 17, described high temperature flue gas pipeline 24 is connected respectively vapor heat exchanger 17 with low-temperature flue gas discharge conduit 25, described jet back-steam pipeline 23 output terminals connect jet drainage device 3, and described jet back-steam pipeline 23 the other ends connect steam contraction section 18, described condensing heat exchanger 20 is arranged in condensed water storage tank 1, described condensing heat exchanger 20 connects refrigerant pressure duct 19, described refrigerant pressure duct 19 connects vapour condenser 12 by expansion throttling valve 22, described vacuumizing and exhausting device 27 input ends connect vapour condenser 12, described refrigerant low pressure line 28 input ends connect vapour condenser 12, and output terminal connects heat pump compressor 21, described heat pump compressor 21 output terminals connect condensing heat exchanger 20, described condensate line 13 output terminals connect condensed water transfer pump 14, and input end connects vapour condenser (12), described condensate pump 14 output terminals connect condensed water storage tank 1, described condensing heat exchanger 20, refrigerant pressure duct 19, expansion throttling valve 22, vapour condenser 12, refrigerant low pressure line 28, heat pump compressor 21, composition compression heat pump system.
With reference to figure 2, a kind of Novel fire force generating system method of work as shown in Figure 2, comprises the following steps:
S1, described high-pressure water pump 2 is extracted the condensed water in condensed water storage tank 1 out, with pressure more than 10 ~ 30MPa, carries;
S2, the water of the low temperature of high pressure arrives jet drainage device 3, sucks the steam transporting from jet return line 23, forms the liquid-vapor mixture of lower temperature after mixing;
S3, the liquid-vapor mixture of the lower temperature of high pressure more than 10 ~ 30MPa enters into high-pressure autoclave 5 by low temperature gas-liquid pipeline 4, from high-pressure autoclave 5 fuel inlet pipe roads 15, introduce fuel, burning in high-pressure autoclave 5, release heat, the steam of high pressure-temperature is heated, seethes with excitement, expands, is become to the high pressure carbonated drink of heating up, and the steam of high pressure-temperature enters into vapor mixing drainage device 7 by high pressure steam pipeline 6;
S4, at vapor mixing drainage device 7, a small amount of high pressure steam stream drives 10 times of above a large amount of low pressure steams streams to flow together, heat, pressure mix and exchange, form compared with the medium pressure steam steam flow of steam flow, this steam flow air pressure at 0.5MPa between 5MPa;
S5, the medium pressure steam steam flow of larger steam flow enters steam turbine 9 work by medium pressure steam pipeline 8, by coaxial output, drives generator 10 generatings;
S6, the low-temp low-pressure exhaust steam that steam turbine is discharged is through exhaust steam pipeline 11, below 10, enter into vapour condenser 12 and be condensed into water circulation recycling, a part arrives the off-gas recovery being comprised of steam extending section 16, vapor heat exchanger 17, steam contraction section 18 and mends entropy heat exchanger in addition, at steam extending section 16, because container cross section is long-pending, increases, steam flow pressure reduces, flow velocity reduces, and temperature reduces, and is more conducive to heat exchange; Steam flow is to vapor heat exchanger 17 parts, carry out heat exchange with the flue gas that contains heat of discharging from high temperature flue gas pipeline 24 introducings, low-temperature flue gas discharge conduit 25, continue to heat up, boost, mend entropy, carry out the standby condition of next circulation, the cigarette vapour of cooling, discharges by low-temperature flue gas discharge conduit 25;
S7, reaches large as far as possible pressure and the steam flow of higher temperature by mending entropy, and gas is after steam contraction section 18, and container cross section is long-pending to be reduced, and pressure, temperature rise, and form the gas of higher temperature; This gas is partly sucked by jet drainage device 3 by jet back-steam pipeline 23, after mixing with cryogenic high pressure steam, utilized, major part will be by vapor mixing drainage device 7 in addition, drive with the high pressure-temperature steam flow that transports from high pressure steam pipeline 6, promote, mixed temperature, mixed pressure, form 0.5MPa to temperature, middle pressure steam flow in the work of 5MPa;
S8, enters into the gas of vapour condenser 12, and through vapour condenser 12 coolings, liquefaction, the heat that condenses that described compression heat pump system discharges vapour condenser 12 steam condensations takes to mend in entropy heat exchanger and realizes and recycling; Condensed water after vapour condenser 12 coolings, liquefaction enters into condensate pump 14 by condensate line 13, and condensate pump 14 is transmitted back to condensed water storage tank 1 by the condensed water of the low temperature of normal pressure;
S9, enters next circulation.
Described Novel fire force generating system method of work, also comprises that described water pipe 26 is in order to carry out moisturizing to condensed water storage tank 1.
The utility model can adopt water as working medium, also can adopt liquid air as working medium, and liquid air and water have similar environmental protection feature.While adopting liquid air as working medium, boiler is become to vaporizer, flue gas is become to the utilizable industrial air of normal temperature or spent hot water, waste hot gas, the effect of the cycling and reutilization energy is obvious, condenser is become to the air liquefying apparatus of similar effect.
The utility model does not have heat discharge link, and conversion efficiency of thermoelectric significantly improves;
Can in existing power generation system, transform acquisition;
Can be for nuclear power station;
Motor that system equipment is used is few, energy and power all makes full use of from heat energy, heat energy;
Ultrahigh pressure link is few, ultrahigh pressure tolerance is little, can realize low pressure unit efficiency power generation, and Security improves, and equipment cost reduces;
Can be for steam turbine power system, for the big machinery haulage devices such as steamer, warship, submarine, the high efficiency steam utilization of realizing.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, not in order to limit the utility model, all within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any modification of doing, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., within all should being included in protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (1)

1. a Novel fire force generating system, it is characterized in that, comprise: condensed water storage tank (1), high-pressure water pump (2), jet drainage device (3), high pressure steam-water pipeline (4), high-pressure autoclave (5), high pressure steam pipeline (6), vapor mixing drainage device (7), medium pressure steam pipeline (8), steam turbine (9), generator (10), exhaust steam pipeline (11), vapour condenser (12), condensate line (13), condensate pump (14), fuel inlet pipe road (15), by steam extending section (16), vapor heat exchanger (17), the off-gas recovery that steam contraction section (18) forms is mended entropy heat exchanger, refrigerant pressure duct (19), condensing heat exchanger (20), heat pump compressor (21), expansion throttling valve (22), jet back-steam pipeline (23), high temperature flue gas pipeline (24), low-temperature flue gas discharge conduit (25), water pipe (26), vacuumizing and exhausting device (27) and refrigerant low pressure line (28), described high-pressure water pump (2) input end connects condensed water storage tank (1), described high-pressure water pump (2) output terminal connects jet drainage device (3), described high-pressure autoclave (5) connects jet drainage device (3) by high pressure steam-water pipeline (4), described high-pressure autoclave (5) connects vapor mixing drainage device (7) by high pressure steam pipeline (6), described high-pressure autoclave (5) connects off-gas recovery by high temperature flue gas pipeline (24) and mends entropy heat exchanger, described vapor mixing drainage device (7) connects steam turbine (9) by medium pressure steam pipeline (8), described generator (10) is arranged on steam turbine (9) rear end, and described generator (10) connects steam turbine (9), described steam extending section (16) connects the output terminal of exhaust steam pipeline (11), the inlet end of described exhaust steam pipeline (11) connects steam turbine (9), described vapor heat exchanger (17) is arranged on the top of steam extending section (16) and is connected with steam extending section (16), described steam contraction section (18) is arranged on the top of vapor heat exchanger (17), and the upper end of described steam contraction section (18) is connected with vapor mixing drainage device (7), and lower end is connected with vapor heat exchanger (17), described high temperature flue gas pipeline (24) is connected respectively vapor heat exchanger (17) with low-temperature flue gas discharge conduit (25), described jet back-steam pipeline (23) output terminal connects jet drainage device (3), and described jet back-steam pipeline (23) the other end connects steam contraction section (18), described condensing heat exchanger (20) is arranged in condensed water storage tank (1), described condensing heat exchanger (20) connects refrigerant pressure duct (19), described refrigerant pressure duct (19) connects vapour condenser (12) by expansion throttling valve (22), described vacuumizing and exhausting device (27) input end connects vapour condenser (12), described refrigerant low pressure line (28) input end connects vapour condenser (12), and output terminal connects heat pump compressor (21), described heat pump compressor (21) output terminal connects condensing heat exchanger (20), described condensate line (13) output terminal connects condensed water transfer pump (14), and input end connects vapour condenser (12), described condensate pump (14) output terminal connects condensed water storage tank (1), described condensing heat exchanger (20), refrigerant pressure duct (19), expansion throttling valve (22), vapour condenser (12), refrigerant low pressure line (28), heat pump compressor (21), composition compression heat pump system.
CN201420105045.0U 2014-03-10 2014-03-10 Novel thermal power generation system Withdrawn - After Issue CN203730081U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103821571A (en) * 2014-03-10 2014-05-28 苟仲武 Novel thermal power generation system and working method
CN105781642A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-07-20 苟仲武 Steam boiler system with power generation function and work method thereof

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103821571A (en) * 2014-03-10 2014-05-28 苟仲武 Novel thermal power generation system and working method
CN103821571B (en) * 2014-03-10 2016-01-13 苟仲武 A kind of Novel fire force generating system and method for work
CN105781642A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-07-20 苟仲武 Steam boiler system with power generation function and work method thereof
CN105781642B (en) * 2016-04-29 2017-09-12 苟仲武 A kind of steam boiler system with generating function and its method of work

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20140723

Effective date of abandoning: 20160113

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting