CN203726432U - Shaft sleeve disassembling and assembling tool - Google Patents

Shaft sleeve disassembling and assembling tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203726432U
CN203726432U CN201420039922.9U CN201420039922U CN203726432U CN 203726432 U CN203726432 U CN 203726432U CN 201420039922 U CN201420039922 U CN 201420039922U CN 203726432 U CN203726432 U CN 203726432U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
axle sleeve
shaft sleeve
pressing plate
hydraulic plunger
disassembling
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Active
Application number
CN201420039922.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周强
林博
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Guangxi Liugong Machinery Co Ltd
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Guangxi Liugong Machinery Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201420039922.9U priority Critical patent/CN203726432U/en
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Publication of CN203726432U publication Critical patent/CN203726432U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a shaft sleeve disassembling and assembling tool which aims to solve the problems that an existing shaft sleeve is not convenient to disassemble and assemble outdoors, and disassembling and assembling quality is low. The shaft sleeve disassembling and assembling tool comprises a support used for fixing a shaft seat, a hydraulic plunger used for pushing a shaft sleeve in the shaft seat is fixedly arranged at the center of the top of the support, the support is fixed on the shaft seat when the shaft sleeve is disassembled, the hydraulic plunger on the top of the support is used for pressing the shaft sleeve into the shaft seat or presses the shaft sleeve out of the shaft seat, and disassembling and assembling of the shaft sleeve are achieved. Operation is simple and convenient, action safety is high, efficiency is high, a manual portable hydraulic device is used for exerting force, the travel of a piston rod is long, and small force can be used for quickly pressing the shaft sleeve in or out; functions are powerful, and by regulating or selecting pressure of the hydraulic plunger, span and lengths of a support rod and the size of a pressing plate, the shaft sleeve disassembling and assembling tool is suitable for assembling and disassembling shaft sleeves with different sizes.

Description

Axle sleeve dismantling device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of dismounting maintenance tool, relates in particular to the axle sleeve dismantling device that a kind of axle sleeve that interference fit is installed carries out installation and removal.
Background technology
Axle sleeve is widely used in engineering machinery equipment hinged place, is conventionally arranged in the axle bed of equipment in the mode of interference fit.Due to axle bed and axle sleeve employing interference fit, in the time of the installation and removal of axle sleeve, the certain external force of needs could be successfully by its installation or dismounting.In the outdoor maintenance of engineering machinery field, removing and installing of axle sleeve is a difficult point, conventionally adopts that copper rod or "painted-face" character in opera knock, screw thread rotation extrudes (entering) two kinds of modes.Although it is simple and convenient that copper rod knocks mode, the shortcoming such as have effort, operational security is low; And the installation axiality of knocking mode is poor, easily axle bed and axle sleeve is caused to mechanical damage.Screw thread rotation extrudes (entering) and knocks the shortcomings such as effort, the axiality of mode is poor, easy damaged axle sleeve although mode has overcome "painted-face" character in opera, and the stroke of this kind of mode is long, efficiency is low, and greasy filth etc. is easily bonded on threaded rod when outdoor maintenance, not easy-clear.Therefore, need to design the instrument of a kind of Fast Installation out of doors and dismounting axle sleeve, it must have the features such as safe, quick, laborsaving, portable, axiality is high and adaptive capacity to environment is strong.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to remove and install difficult shortcoming and the portable axle sleeve dismantling device that provides a kind of convenience that the axle sleeve of interference fit is dismantled or installed for the axle sleeve of existing interference fit.
Technical solution adopted in the utility model is a kind of axle sleeve dismantling device of structure, and it comprises the support for fixing axle bed, is fixedly installed in the center of a top of the trellis hydraulic plunger that is useful on pushing tow axle bed internal axle sleeve.In the utility model, can axle bed be fixed by support, then with the hydraulic plunger of a top of the trellis, axle sleeve is pressed in axle bed or by axle sleeve and is extruded in axle bed, realize the quick-detachment between axle sleeve and axle bed or pack into, and this apparatus structure is simple, easily practical, convenient and swift out of doors.Hydraulic plunger can adopt manual portable hydraulic plunger.
In above-mentioned utility model, also comprise pressing plate, the centre of pressing plate is provided with compression bar, and depression bar is that Demountable rigid is connected with the piston rod of hydraulic plunger.According to the axle bed of wanted dismounting and axle sleeve, can select corresponding pressing plate, improve the versatility of dismantling device.
In above-mentioned utility model, the side of pressing plate is provided with scale, is pressed into the position in axle bed to observe axle sleeve in the installation process of axle sleeve, realizes accurately and installing.
In above-mentioned utility model, pressing plate is rounded, and there is up and down ladder, the diameter of its underpart is less than the diameter on top, the section diameter that pressing plate diameter is less is less than the internal diameter of axle sleeve, be convenient to be embedded in axle sleeve and position, the section diameter that pressing plate diameter is larger is less than the internal diameter of axle bed, so that pressing plate can not interfere with axle bed in use.
In above-mentioned utility model, support comprises at least two cradling pieces, and cradling piece is connected with crossbeam at its top, and the bottom of cradling piece is provided with for axle sleeve bottom surface contact hook portion, and hydraulic plunger is arranged on crossbeam.
In above-mentioned utility model, cradling piece top and crossbeam, for being slidably connected, by sliding support bar, can make support adapt to the axle bed of different-diameter.
In above-mentioned utility model, cradling piece is provided with limited block, for being connected with the top contact of axle bed, by limited block, can in the time that axle sleeve is carried out to dismounting, fix axle bed top.
The beneficial effect that the utility model compared with prior art has: adopt manual portable hydraulic means, can produce more like a cork high thrust, be suitable for the outdoor maintenance of engineering machinery; Can equably axle sleeve is pressed into or be extruded by pressing plate, axle sleeve each side be stressed evenly, and installation axiality is high; By limited block device, support can be fixedly mounted on axle bed fast; Display scale on pressing plate, can be mounted to designated depth by axle sleeve exactly; Simple to operation, work safety is high, and efficiency is high, adopts manual portable hydraulic means to carry out reinforcing, and piston rod stroke is longer, and available less power is just pressed into axle sleeve rapidly or extrudes; Powerful, by regulating or select pressure, the span of cradling piece and the size of length and pressing plate of hydraulic plunger, carry out installation and removal applicable to the axle sleeve of different sizes.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is axle sleeve scheme of installation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is axle sleeve dismounting schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is the crossbeam schematic diagram of double bracket bar of the present utility model.
Fig. 4 is the crossbeam schematic diagram of three cradling pieces of the present utility model.
Parts title and sequence number in figure:
Hydraulic plunger 1, support 2, compression bar 3, pressing plate 4, hydraulic plunger handle 5, piston rod 6, crossbeam 7, cradling piece 8, limited block 9, axle sleeve 10, axle bed 11.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with brief description of the drawings specific embodiments.
As shown in Fig. 1 Fig. 2, axle sleeve dismantling device comprises two cradling pieces 8, the top of cradling piece 8 is connected with crossbeam 7, there is manual portable hydraulic plunger 1 at the center of crossbeam 7, at the end of the piston rod 6 of hydraulic plunger 1 compression bar 3 that removably connects, connect pressing plate 4 by compression bar 3, pressing plate 4 is rounded, and pressing plate has upper and lower ladder, the diameter of its underpart is less than the diameter on top, the section diameter that pressing plate 4 diameters are less is less than the internal diameter of axle sleeve 10, be convenient to be embedded in axle sleeve 10 and position, the section diameter that pressing plate 4 diameters are larger is less than the internal diameter of axle bed 11, so that pressing plate 4 can not interfere with axle bed 11 in use, the side of pressing plate 4 is provided with scale, be pressed into the position in axle bed 11 to observe axle sleeve 10 in the installation process of axle sleeve 10, realize accurately and installing.Be provided with in the bottom of cradling piece 8 for axle sleeve bottom surface contact hook portion, on cradling piece, be provided with movably limited block 9.
As shown in Figure 1, in the time that axle sleeve 10 is installed, axle bed 11 is placed in to support 2, the hook portion of cradling piece 8 bottoms contacts with the bottom of axle bed 11, limited block 9 on cradling piece 8 contacts with the top of axle bed 11, cradling piece 8 is fitted with the sidewall of axle bed 11, realize fixing axle bed 11, axle sleeve 10 is placed on axle bed 11, select suitable pressing plate 4, make the less section diameter of diameter of pressing plate 4 be slightly less than the internal diameter of axle sleeve 10, the section diameter that diameter is larger is slightly less than the internal diameter of axle bed 11, pressing plate is placed on axle sleeve, in the less endoporus that is partially embedded into axle sleeve of the diameter of pressing plate 4, and make the top and hydraulic plunger 1(jack of compression bar 3 on pressing plate 4) piston rod 6 be connected, hydraulic plunger handle 5 fluctuates, piston rod 6 constantly extends, by the transfer function of compression bar 3 and pressing plate 4, axle sleeve 10 is pressed among axle bed 11, show and can determine that axle sleeve top is pressed into the position in axle bed according to the scale on pressing plate 4, thereby axle sleeve 10 can be pressed into the assigned address in axle bed 11.
As shown in Figure 2, in the time that axle sleeve 10 is dismantled, axle bed 11 is placed in to support 2, the hook portion of cradling piece 8 bottoms contacts with the bottom of axle bed 11, limited block 9 on cradling piece 8 contacts with the top of axle bed 11, select suitable pressing plate, pressing plate 4 is placed on axle sleeve 10 and the top of compression bar 3 on pressing plate 4 is connected with the piston rod 6 of hydraulic plunger (jack), hydraulic plunger handle 5 fluctuates, piston rod 6 constantly extends, by the transfer function of compression bar 3 and pressing plate 4, axle sleeve is extruded from the bottom of axle bed.
In the present embodiment in axle sleeve dismantling device, as further improvement, cradling piece can be set to many, for example three or four even more, each cradling piece is uniformly distributed around middle mind-set, many cradling pieces can play fixation to axle bed better in the time that axle sleeve is carried out to dismounting, prevent that deflection from appearring in axle sleeve in disassembly process, improve dismounting quality.In order this dismantling device can be adapted to vary in size the installation of axle bed and axle sleeve of size, the top of cradling piece is connected with being connected to slidably of crossbeam, as shown in Figure 2, in the support of double bracket bar, on crossbeam, establish the chute of slotted hole shape, the top of cradling piece is slidably installed in the chute on crossbeam, and the size of dismounting axle sleeve, axle bed regulates as required; Adopting in the support of three cradling pieces, as shown in Figure 4, crossbeam is in the form of annular discs, is provided with three radial chutes thereon, for being slidably connected of three cradling pieces.
In the present embodiment, the limited block on cradling piece for being threaded, moves up and down limited block by rotary stopper piece with cradling piece, the position of fixing axle bed; In addition, limited block can be to be also slidably connected on cradling piece, by establish nut on cradling piece, limited block is positioned and also can realize the spacing fixation of limited block to axle bed.

Claims (8)

1. an axle sleeve dismantling device, is characterized in that comprising the support for fixing axle bed, is fixedly installed in the center of a top of the trellis hydraulic plunger that is useful on pushing tow axle bed internal axle sleeve.
2. axle sleeve dismantling device according to claim 1, characterized by further comprising pressing plate, and the centre of described pressing plate is provided with compression bar, and described depression bar is that Demountable rigid is connected with the piston rod of described hydraulic plunger.
3. axle sleeve dismantling device according to claim 2, is characterized in that the side of described pressing plate is provided with scale.
4. axle sleeve dismantling device according to claim 2, is characterized in that described pressing plate is rounded, and has up and down ladder, and the diameter of its underpart is less than the diameter on top.
5. according to the axle sleeve dismantling device described in any one in claim 1 to 4, it is characterized in that described support comprises at least two cradling pieces, described cradling piece is connected with crossbeam at its top, the bottom of described cradling piece is provided with the hook portion for the contact of axle sleeve bottom surface, and described hydraulic plunger is arranged on described crossbeam.
6. axle sleeve dismantling device according to claim 5, is characterized in that described cradling piece top and described crossbeam are for being slidably connected.
7. axle sleeve dismantling device according to claim 5, is characterized in that described cradling piece is provided with limited block, for being connected with the top contact of axle bed.
8. axle sleeve dismantling device according to claim 1, is characterized in that described hydraulic plunger is manual portable hydraulic plunger.
CN201420039922.9U 2014-01-22 2014-01-22 Shaft sleeve disassembling and assembling tool Active CN203726432U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420039922.9U CN203726432U (en) 2014-01-22 2014-01-22 Shaft sleeve disassembling and assembling tool

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420039922.9U CN203726432U (en) 2014-01-22 2014-01-22 Shaft sleeve disassembling and assembling tool

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203726432U true CN203726432U (en) 2014-07-23

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420039922.9U Active CN203726432U (en) 2014-01-22 2014-01-22 Shaft sleeve disassembling and assembling tool

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203726432U (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104858641A (en) * 2015-04-28 2015-08-26 中国人民解放军济南军区72465部队 Disassembling and assembling tool for support sleeve of balance shaft
CN108789274A (en) * 2018-07-03 2018-11-13 绵竹市凯瑞机械加工有限公司 Improve the auxiliary body of bearing removal efficiency
CN108818410A (en) * 2018-07-03 2018-11-16 绵竹市凯瑞机械加工有限公司 The auxiliary body damaged when axle sleeve being avoided to load and unload
CN110281175A (en) * 2019-07-30 2019-09-27 奇瑞汽车股份有限公司 A kind of positioning sleeve assembly tooling
CN112264961A (en) * 2020-10-28 2021-01-26 冠县恒祥轴承制造有限公司 Bearing installation tool
CN112476332A (en) * 2020-11-13 2021-03-12 河北汉光重工有限责任公司 Adjustable bearing dismounting device and dismounting method

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104858641A (en) * 2015-04-28 2015-08-26 中国人民解放军济南军区72465部队 Disassembling and assembling tool for support sleeve of balance shaft
CN104858641B (en) * 2015-04-28 2017-02-22 中国人民解放军济南军区72465部队 Disassembling and assembling tool for support sleeve of balance shaft
CN108789274A (en) * 2018-07-03 2018-11-13 绵竹市凯瑞机械加工有限公司 Improve the auxiliary body of bearing removal efficiency
CN108818410A (en) * 2018-07-03 2018-11-16 绵竹市凯瑞机械加工有限公司 The auxiliary body damaged when axle sleeve being avoided to load and unload
CN110281175A (en) * 2019-07-30 2019-09-27 奇瑞汽车股份有限公司 A kind of positioning sleeve assembly tooling
CN112264961A (en) * 2020-10-28 2021-01-26 冠县恒祥轴承制造有限公司 Bearing installation tool
CN112476332A (en) * 2020-11-13 2021-03-12 河北汉光重工有限责任公司 Adjustable bearing dismounting device and dismounting method

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