CN203716273U - Multifunctional ecological draining gutter - Google Patents

Multifunctional ecological draining gutter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203716273U
CN203716273U CN201420081683.3U CN201420081683U CN203716273U CN 203716273 U CN203716273 U CN 203716273U CN 201420081683 U CN201420081683 U CN 201420081683U CN 203716273 U CN203716273 U CN 203716273U
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China
Prior art keywords
gutter
water
multifunctional ecological
ditch body
water seepage
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CN201420081683.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
单永体
王艳华
张博
李祝龙
郭文
胡林
王天伟
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CCCC First Highway Consultants Co Ltd
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CCCC First Highway Consultants Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a multifunctional ecological draining gutter. The multifunctional ecological draining gutter comprises a gutter body with a circular arc-shaped cross section, wherein a seepage-proof layer is paved on the side wall of the gutter body; a water seepage layer is paved on the seepage-proof layer; a layer of turf is paved on the water seepage layer; a temporary water storage device used for storing the water gathered inside the gutter temporarily is arranged under the gutter body; the temporary water storage device comprises a water-draining pipe arranged in parallel with the gutter body, and multiple connecting pipes arranged from front to back in the longitudinal extending direction of the gutter; multiple water seepage holes I are formed in the seepage-proof layer paved at the bottom of the gutter body; multiple water seepage holes II are formed from front to back in the upper part of the water-draining pipe; a connecting pipe is connected between each water seepage hole I and each water seepage hole II; a water-absorbing strip is filled in each connecting pipe. According to the utility model, the multifunctional ecological draining gutter is simple in structure, reasonable in design, lower in input cost, convenient for construction and good in using effect, and moreover, is capable of timely performing water draining and temporarily storing the gathered water for later use.

Description

Multifunctional ecological gutter
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of gutter, especially relates to a kind of multifunctional ecological gutter.
Background technology
Gutter refers to the water that near near low-lying place gutter, catchwater and roadbed, in cropland or house is collected and guides roadbed, cropland or house ground ditch in addition into.Gutter comprises two types, open drain and covered conduit, and wherein open drain (claiming again open drain) refers to the gutter of basseting, and covered conduit (being called french drain) refers to and is laid in underground gutter.The difference in eco-drainage ditch and traditional gutter is, it is the land drainage passage that adopts plant measures or plant measures incorporation engineering measure protection at bottom of trench and furrow bank.Nowadays, near roadbed, set gutter mostly is V-type gutter, and the shape of cross section in this gutter is to be covered with one deck reinforced earth film in isosceles trapezoid and its ditch body, and on this reinforced earth film, tiling has one deck dry stone wall.In actual use procedure, near existing roadbed, the function of the eco-drainage ditch of laying is comparatively single, conventionally only has drain function, and the water that can not collect its inside effectively utilizes.Thereby, lack at present a kind of simple in structure, reasonable in design, input cost is lower and easy construction, multifunctional ecological gutter that result of use is good, can not only carry out in time draining, and can carry out interim storage for future use to collected water.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is for above-mentioned deficiency of the prior art, a kind of multifunctional ecological gutter is provided, it is simple in structure, reasonable in design, input cost is lower and easy construction, result of use are good, can not only carry out in time draining, and can carry out interim storage for future use to collected water.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of multifunctional ecological gutter, it is characterized in that: comprise that shape of cross section is the ditch body of circular arc, on the inside wall of described ditch body, tiling has one deck impervious barrier, on described impervious barrier, tiling has one deck permeable layer, and on described permeable layer, tiling has one deck turf, under described ditch body, be laid with the interim water storage device that water that its inside is collected is carried out to interim storage, described interim water storage device comprises that one is gutter and multiple tube connector of laying from front to back along the longitudinal extension direction of ditch body of parallel laying with ditch body, described gutter along the longitudinal extension direction of ditch body lay and its be laid in ditch body under, on the impervious barrier that bottom of trench is mated formation of described ditch body, have multiple water seepage holes one, described gutter top has multiple water seepage holes two from front to back, the quantity of multiple described water seepage holes one and multiple described water seepage holes two is all identical with the quantity of multiple described tube connectors, multiple described tube connectors are connected between multiple described water seepage holes one and multiple described water seepage hole two, multiple described tube connectors bottom is all fixed on gutter, in each described tube connector, all filling has water suction bar.
Above-mentioned multifunctional ecological gutter, is characterized in that: described gutter is metal bellows.
Above-mentioned multifunctional ecological gutter, is characterized in that: and water suction bar bottom mutually concordant with the top of its tube connector of living in, the top of described water suction bar stretches in gutter.
Above-mentioned multifunctional ecological gutter, is characterized in that: described permeable layer is that macadam and its bed thickness are 8cm~12cm.
Above-mentioned multifunctional ecological gutter, is characterized in that: described impervious barrier is reinforcement composite geo-membrane.
Above-mentioned multifunctional ecological gutter, is characterized in that: the caliber of described gutter is Φ 25cm~Φ 35cm.
Above-mentioned multifunctional ecological gutter, is characterized in that: the described water seepage hole one that the caliber of each described tube connector all connects with its upper and lower side and the aperture of described water seepage hole two are consistent; The caliber of multiple described tube connectors all identical and its be Φ 12cm~Φ 18cm.
Above-mentioned multifunctional ecological gutter, is characterized in that: the ditch depth of described ditch body is that 40cm~80cm and its width are 240cm~320cm, and the radius of the cross section place circular arc line of described ditch body is 200cm~240cm.
Above-mentioned multifunctional ecological gutter, is characterized in that: multiple described tube connectors are all parallel laying, and the spacing between adjacent two the described tube connectors in front and back is 80cm~120cm.
Above-mentioned multifunctional ecological gutter, is characterized in that: described water suction bar is fixed in tube connector by securing member.
The utility model compared with prior art has the following advantages:
1, simple in structure, reasonable in design and input cost is lower, easy construction.
2, set interim water fetching device is simple in structure, reasonable in design and result of use is good, adopt metal bellows to form culvert as interim storage of water, and metal bellows is by multiple tube connectors and ditch body bottom connection, in each tube connector, all filling has a water suction bar, and institute fills out water suction bar bottom and stretches in metal bellows.
3, the culvert that adopts metal bellows to form has clear superiority, economical and practical.The culvert of reinforced concrete adopting in existing highway engineering and masonry marshalling culvert exist structure design, construction more loaded down with trivial details, and longer to the required duration that is open to traffic from excavation of foundation pit, after high fill culvert also exists and contains body structure destructible, work, the distortion of culvert head forms defects such as jumping car.The culvert that metal bellows forms has the advantages such as stable performance, easy for installation, environmental, cost is low, and development prospect is boundless.Metal bellows (especially corrugated steel pipe) is because the existence of axial ripple makes it have good stress characteristic, the ess-strain that axially and radially distributes simultaneously and cause because of load, can disperse to a greater extent the stress of load to concentrate, bring into play better the advantage of steel work.Especially in bad engineering ground areas such as ever-frozen ground, weak soil, expansive soil, collapsible loesses, utilize metal bellows structure to build culvert and have more advantage, also have more and have broad application prospects.
In addition, plains region roadbed height is low, application reinforced concrete structure does that the structures such as culvert passage itself are heavy, wall thickness, building height has limited or has controlled project scale and cost, and bridge (culvert) jumping car phenomenon that has rigid construction thing and flexible roadbed, the metal bellows structure of application flexibility can alleviate or avoid these problems; Mountain area coombe is many, and the culvert depth of fill is often very high, and while adopting reinforced concrete structure, its quantity of reinforcement is often very large, adopts steel ripple struction can solve a difficult problem for high embankment; Local alluviation weak soil and swelled ground area, applied metal bellows structure makes culvert and passage not only can solve the demand of engineering to flexible culvert large deformation, and cost saving.Consider the expenses such as ground processing, Foundation Design, the cost of metal bellows structure culvert approaches or more saves than reinforced concrete structure, and it is fast to have speed of application, does not need health, the advantage that not affected by temperature.
4, result of use is good, can not only carry out in time draining, and can carry out interim storage for future use to collected water.When actual use, adopt the utility model can hold back and process the draining of road surface initial stage, the precipitation that can collect rainy season be simultaneously dry season when lack of water turf growth used.
In sum, the utility model is simple in structure, reasonable in design, input cost is lower and easy construction, result of use are good, can not only carry out in time draining, and can carry out interim storage for future use to collected water.
Below by drawings and Examples, the technical solution of the utility model is described in further detail.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the interim water storage device of the utility model.
Description of reference numerals:
2-impervious barrier; 3-permeable layer; 4-1-tube connector;
4-2-water suction bar; 4-3-gutter; 4-4-securing member;
5-turf.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the utility model comprises that shape of cross section is the ditch body of circular arc, and on the inside wall of described ditch body, tiling has one deck impervious barrier 2, and on described impervious barrier 2, tiling has one deck permeable layer 3, and on described permeable layer 3, tiling has one deck turf 5.Under described ditch body, be laid with the interim water storage device that water that its inside is collected is carried out to interim storage, described interim water storage device comprises that one is gutter 4-3 and multiple tube connector 4-1 laying from front to back along the longitudinal extension direction of ditch body of parallel laying with ditch body, described gutter 4-3 along the longitudinal extension direction of ditch body lay and its be laid in ditch body under, on the impervious barrier that bottom of trench is mated formation 2 of described ditch body, have multiple water seepage holes one, described gutter 4-3 top has multiple water seepage holes two from front to back, the quantity of multiple described water seepage holes one and multiple described water seepage holes two is all identical with the quantity of multiple described tube connector 4-1, multiple described tube connector 4-1 are connected between multiple described water seepage holes one and multiple described water seepage hole two, multiple described tube connector 4-1 bottom is all fixed on gutter 4-3.In each described tube connector 4-1, all filling has water suction bar 4-2.
In the present embodiment, described impervious barrier 2 is reinforcement composite geo-membrane.When practice of construction, described impervious barrier 2 also can adopt the geomembrane of other type.
When actual installation, described water suction bar 4-2 is fixed in tube connector 4-1 by securing member 4-4.And water suction bar 4-2 bottom mutually concordant with the top of its tube connector 4-1 of living in, the top of described water suction bar 4-2 stretches in gutter 4-3.
Described permeable layer 3 is that macadam and its bed thickness are 8cm~12cm.In the present embodiment, the bed thickness of described permeable layer 3 is 10cm, and the particle diameter of the rubble that adopts is 2cm left and right.When practice of construction, can according to specific needs, the particle diameter of the bed thickness of described permeable layer 3 and the rubble that adopts be adjusted accordingly.
In the present embodiment, the described water seepage hole one that the caliber of each described tube connector 4-1 all connects with its upper and lower side and the aperture of described water seepage hole two are consistent.
Actually add man-hour, the caliber of multiple described tube connector 4-1 all identical and its be Φ 12cm~Φ 18cm.The caliber of described gutter 4-3 is Φ 25cm~Φ 35cm.In the present embodiment, the caliber of described tube connector 4-1 is Φ 15cm, and the caliber of described gutter 4-3 is Φ 30cm.
Multiple described tube connector 4-1 are all parallel laying.In the present embodiment, described ditch body is level and lays.Multiple described tube connector 4-1 are all vertically to laying.
In the present embodiment, multiple described tube connector 4-1 are even laying.
Actual laying while installation, the spacing between adjacent two the described tube connector 4-1 in front and back is 80cm~120cm.In the present embodiment, the spacing between adjacent two the described tube connector 4-1 in front and back is 100cm, when practice of construction, can according to specific needs, the spacing between adjacent two the described tube connector 4-1 in front and back be adjusted accordingly.
When practice of construction, the ditch depth of described ditch body is that 40cm~80cm and its width are 240cm~320cm, and the radius of the cross section place circular arc line of described ditch body is 200cm~240cm.The cross section of described turf 5 is that the radius of circular arc and its cross section place circular arc line is 190cm~210cm, and described turf 5 middle parts to the distance H at ditch body top is 35cm~45cm, and the distance B between described turf 5 left and right sides, top is 220cm~210cm.In the present embodiment, the cross section of described turf 5 is that the radius of circular arc and its cross section place circular arc line is 200cm, and described turf 5 middle parts to the distance H at ditch body top is 40cm, and the distance B between described turf 5 left and right sides, top is 200cm.When practice of construction, the radius of the cross section place circular arc line of the ditch depth to ditch body and width and described ditch body adjusts accordingly according to specific needs.
In the present embodiment, described gutter 4-3 is metal bellows.Described water suction bar 4-2 is water suction sliver.
The above; it is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not the utility model is imposed any restrictions; every any simple modification of above embodiment being done according to the utility model technical spirit, change and equivalent structure change, and all still belong in the protection domain of technical solutions of the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a multifunctional ecological gutter, it is characterized in that: comprise that shape of cross section is the ditch body of circular arc, on the inside wall of described ditch body, tiling has one deck impervious barrier (2), the upper tiling of described impervious barrier (2) has one deck permeable layer (3), and the upper tiling of described permeable layer (3) has one deck turf (5), under described ditch body, be laid with the interim water storage device that water that its inside is collected is carried out to interim storage, described interim water storage device comprises that one is gutter (4-3) and multiple tube connector (4-1) of laying from front to back along the longitudinal extension direction of ditch body of parallel laying with ditch body, described gutter (4-3) along the longitudinal extension direction of ditch body lay and its be laid in ditch body under, on the impervious barrier that bottom of trench is mated formation (2) of described ditch body, have multiple water seepage holes one, described gutter (4-3) top has multiple water seepage holes two from front to back, the quantity of multiple described water seepage holes one and multiple described water seepage holes two is all identical with the quantity of multiple described tube connectors (4-1), multiple described tube connectors (4-1) are connected between multiple described water seepage holes one and multiple described water seepage hole two, multiple described tube connectors (4-1) bottom is all fixed on gutter (4-3), in each described tube connector (4-1), all filling has water suction bar (4-2).
2. according to multifunctional ecological claimed in claim 1 gutter, it is characterized in that: described gutter (4-3) is metal bellows.
3. according to the multifunctional ecological gutter described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: mutually concordant and water suction bar (4-2) bottom, the top of the top of described water suction bar (4-2) and its tube connector of living in (4-1) stretches in gutter (4-3).
4. according to the multifunctional ecological gutter described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: described permeable layer (3) is that macadam and its bed thickness are 8cm~12cm.
5. according to the multifunctional ecological gutter described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: described impervious barrier (2) is reinforcement composite geo-membrane.
6. according to the multifunctional ecological gutter described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: the caliber of described gutter (4-3) is Φ 25cm~Φ 35cm.
7. according to the multifunctional ecological gutter described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: the described water seepage hole one that the caliber of each described tube connector (4-1) all connects with its upper and lower side and the aperture of described water seepage hole two are consistent; The caliber of multiple described tube connectors (4-1) all identical and its be Φ 12cm~Φ 18cm.
8. according to the multifunctional ecological gutter described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: the ditch depth of described ditch body is that 40cm~80cm and its width are 240cm~320cm, and the radius of the cross section place circular arc line of described ditch body is 200cm~240cm.
9. according to the multifunctional ecological gutter described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: multiple described tube connectors (4-1) are all parallel laying, the spacing between adjacent two the described tube connectors in front and back (4-1) is 80cm~120cm.
10. according to the multifunctional ecological gutter described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: described water suction bar (4-2) is fixed in tube connector (4-1) by securing member (4-4).
CN201420081683.3U 2014-02-25 2014-02-25 Multifunctional ecological draining gutter Active CN203716273U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105804014A (en) * 2016-05-16 2016-07-27 中国电建集团华东勘测设计研究院有限公司 Treatment method of expansive soil channel
CN107503425A (en) * 2017-07-11 2017-12-22 深圳市铁汉生态环境股份有限公司 A kind of construction method of eco-drainage ditch
CN108222036A (en) * 2018-01-20 2018-06-29 西北大学 A kind of ecology flexible water drainage ditch and its construction method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105804014A (en) * 2016-05-16 2016-07-27 中国电建集团华东勘测设计研究院有限公司 Treatment method of expansive soil channel
CN107503425A (en) * 2017-07-11 2017-12-22 深圳市铁汉生态环境股份有限公司 A kind of construction method of eco-drainage ditch
CN108222036A (en) * 2018-01-20 2018-06-29 西北大学 A kind of ecology flexible water drainage ditch and its construction method

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