CN203709049U - Dual-circulation acquaculture system for early baby clams of potamilus alatus - Google Patents

Dual-circulation acquaculture system for early baby clams of potamilus alatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203709049U
CN203709049U CN201420037595.3U CN201420037595U CN203709049U CN 203709049 U CN203709049 U CN 203709049U CN 201420037595 U CN201420037595 U CN 201420037595U CN 203709049 U CN203709049 U CN 203709049U
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China
Prior art keywords
water
circulation
storage tank
inlet channel
freshwater mussel
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201420037595.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
闻海波
华丹
顾若波
徐跑
杜兴伟
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Freshwater Fisheries Research Center of Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences
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Freshwater Fisheries Research Center of Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences
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Priority to CN201420037595.3U priority Critical patent/CN203709049U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a dual-circulation acquaculture system for early baby clams of potamilus alatus. The dual-circulation acquaculture system is characterized in that incubators are arranged in a water collecting tank, overflow holes are formed in the incubators, an inner circulation water inlet pipe is erected above the water collecting tank, spouts are formed in positions, corresponding to the incubators, of the inner circulation water inlet pipe, the water inlet end of the inner circulation water inlet pipe is located in a water storage tank, a backflow pipeline is arranged on the water storage tank, a blowdown pipe is mounted on a tank bottom plate of the water storage tank, an inner circulation water pump is mounted on the inner circulation water inlet pipe, an inner circulation water discharge pipeline is mounted on the tank bottom plate of the water collecting tank, and the water outlet end of the inner circulation water discharge pipe is located in the water storage tank; the water outlet end of an outer circulation water inlet pipeline is located in the water storage tank, and the outer circulation water inlet pipeline is provided with an outer circulation water pump, a filter and an outer circulation water inlet regulating valve. The dual-circulation acquaculture system is provided with an inner circulation system and an outer circulation system, so that fresh water and palatable baits can be supplemented on time, good water quality can be sustained for a long time, and survival and growth rate of the early baby clams of the potamilus alatus is greatly increased.

Description

Two recirculation systems of the early stage young freshwater mussel of purple black wing freshwater mussel
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of freshwater shellfish cultivating system technical field, two recirculation systems of the early stage young freshwater mussel of the black wing freshwater mussel of especially a kind of purple.
Background technology
The Quality&Value of fresh water pearl depends primarily on the 5 large indexs such as size, proterties, color, gloss and the surface smoothness of pearl.Wherein color is one of key factor affecting pearl quality.At present, international market is the famousst and precious with colored pearl, particularly gorgeous black pearl particularly people make a pet of, the black pearl of a 10mm exceeds more than 10 times than the value of onesize white pearl, price is up to several thousand dollars.At present, China fresh water pearl is cultivated mainly taking hydriopsis cumingii and Japanese Chidie clam as main, and the pearl of cultivating with these two kinds of pearl culturing clams mostly is white, pink colour is serial, the pearl color of producing relatively single, cannot meet the demand of top international market to pearl quality, this has limited the lifting of China's fresh water pearl pearl brand and value to a great extent.
Purple black wing freshwater mussel ( potamilus alatus), also claim purple heel to split freshwater mussel, wing small stream freshwater mussel, be distributed in lake and the river in U.S. north and south, mainly, in basins such as Mississippi, big lake, the Gulf of Mexico, belong to large-scale freshwater shellfish, more than one-tenth freshwater mussel individuality reaches 20 cm, nacre is abundant, be atropurpureus, and smooth exquisiteness, be rich in gloss, profile, interior and China hydriopsis cumingii and cristaria plicata have certain similar, mainly perch in mud or grit substrate.The result of study of Hua Dan shows: purple black wing freshwater mussel is the fine quality of cultivating atropurpureus pearl, and its individual advantage is also the guarantee that improves pearl production.Vertical and Polytechnics's freshwater shellfish protection center at Virginia, USA; Hua Dan is by a series of reproductive biology and ecological study; break through first the artificial propagation key technology of purple black wing freshwater mussel, within 2011, obtained the black wing freshwater mussel children of the purple freshwater mussel of first batch of artificial breeding in the world.2012, China Aquatic Science Research Academy Fresh Water Fishery Research Center introduced the black wing freshwater mussel children of the purple freshwater mussel of this batch of artificial breeding from the U.S., carry out at home artificial domestication technical research, will provide technical support for the development of the purple black pearl aquaculture of China's fresh water.
Because the black wing freshwater mussel of purple is streams property shellfish, and for introducing a fine variety in strange land, the artificial domestication technical difficulty of children freshwater mussel is very big, and the research of its artificial culture technology is almost still blank out in the world, and the young freshwater mussel of carrying out purple black wing freshwater mussel in China is raised and train has very large challenge and risk.How improving purple black wing freshwater mussel children freshwater mussel raises and train survive and grow is one of key technology bottleneck of the purple black pearl aquaculture of China's development fresh water.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provide in a kind of keeping system for a long time water quality good, use flexibly, the life-span is long, can save energy reductions of discharging, use cost is low and cleaning two recirculation systems of the early stage young freshwater mussel of purple black wing freshwater mussel easily.
The technical scheme providing according to the utility model, two recirculation systems of the early stage young freshwater mussel of the black wing freshwater mussel of described purple, comprise header tank, storage tank, interior water circulating pump, outer circulation water pump, interior circulation inlet channel, interior circulation drainage pipeline, reflux line, blow-off line, outer circulation inlet channel, filter, incubator, outer circulation inlet regulating valve and hole for water spraying, header tank is positioned at the top of storage tank, in header tank, be placed with incubator, on incubator, offer spout hole, above header tank, set up interior circulation inlet channel, on the interior circulation inlet channel of the each incubator of correspondence position, offer hole for water spraying, the water inlet of interior circulation inlet channel is positioned at storage tank, on storage tank, be provided with reflux line, on the box plate of storage tank, blow-off line is installed, on interior circulation inlet channel, interior water circulating pump is installed, interior circulation drainage pipeline is installed on the box plate of header tank, the water side of interior circulation drainage pipeline is positioned at storage tank, the water inlet of described outer circulation inlet channel is positioned at extraneous water source, and the water side of outer circulation inlet channel is positioned at storage tank, and outer circulation water pump, filter and outer circulation inflow control valve are installed on outer circulation inlet channel.
Also be provided with tank bracket, described header tank and storage tank are placed on tank bracket.
Described spout hole towards with hole for water spraying towards being contrary setting.
On the interior circulation inlet channel above storage tank, be connected with injection flow rate control valve, the water side of injection flow rate control valve is positioned at storage tank scope top position, and injection flow rate control valve is installed on injection flow rate control valve.
Described outer circulation inlet channel stretches in storage tank from the top of storage tank, on the outer circulation inlet channel above storage tank case opening's edge, offers anti-return hole.
Described spout hole is 15 ~ 25cm apart from the box plate height of incubator.
The utlity model has the inside and outside two cover circulatory systems, can regularly supplement fresh water body and bait, keep for a long time water quality good, significantly improved surviving and growing of the early stage young freshwater mussel of purple black wing freshwater mussel;
The utility model can realize outer circulation water pump and internal circulation system aerator replaces timing operation, is conducive to energy-saving and emission-reduction, has also extended the service life of system simultaneously;
In the utility model, the size of young freshwater mussel incubator, quantity, substrate type, flow rate of water flow etc. all can be changed as required and regulate, and have and use flexibly, clean the advantages such as convenient.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the utility model is described in further detail.
Two recirculation systems of the early stage young freshwater mussel of the black wing freshwater mussel of this purple, comprise header tank 1, storage tank 2, interior water circulating pump 3, outer circulation water pump 4, interior circulation inlet channel 5, interior circulation drainage pipeline 7, reflux line 8, blow-off line 9, outer circulation inlet channel 10, filter 11, incubator 12, outer circulation inlet regulating valve 13 and hole for water spraying 15, header tank 1 is positioned at the top of storage tank 2, in header tank 1, be placed with incubator 12, at the interior laying fine sand of incubator 12 as substrate, on incubator 12, offer spout hole 17, above header tank 1, set up interior circulation inlet channel 5, on the interior circulation inlet channel 5 of the each incubator of correspondence 12 positions, offer hole for water spraying 15, the water inlet of interior circulation inlet channel 5 is positioned at storage tank 2, on storage tank 2, be provided with reflux line 8, blow-off line 9 is installed on the box plate of storage tank 2, interior water circulating pump 3 is installed on interior circulation inlet channel 5, interior circulation drainage pipeline 7 is installed on the box plate of header tank 1, and the water side of interior circulation drainage pipeline 7 is positioned at storage tank 2, the water inlet of described outer circulation inlet channel 10 is positioned at extraneous water source, and the water side of outer circulation inlet channel 10 is positioned at storage tank 2, and outer circulation water pump 4, filter 11 and outer circulation inflow control valve 13 are installed on outer circulation inlet channel 10.
Also be provided with tank bracket 16, described header tank 1, storage tank 2 are placed on tank bracket 16.
Described spout hole 17 towards with hole for water spraying 15 towards being contrary setting.If spout hole 17 toward the outer side, hole for water spraying 15 is towards inner side; If spout hole 17 is towards inner side, hole for water spraying 15 toward the outer side.
On the interior circulation inlet channel 5 above storage tank 2, be connected with injection flow rate control valve 18, the water side of injection flow rate control valve 18 is positioned at storage tank 2 scope top positions, and injection flow rate control valve 6 is installed on injection flow rate control valve 18.
Described outer circulation inlet channel 10 stretches in storage tank 2 from the top of storage tank 2, on the outer circulation inlet channel 10 above 2 casees opening's edges of storage tank, offers anti-return hole 14.
Described spout hole 17 is 15 ~ 25cm apart from the box plate height of incubator 12.
In described filter 11, use the nylon filter bag of 200um to filter, and regularly clean.
Internal circulation system in the utility model is extracted out water by interior water circulating pump 3 from vertical storage tank 2, be sprayed onto in the young freshwater mussel incubator 12 in cube group water tank 1 by interior circulation inlet channel 5, injection flow rate control valve 18 and one-sided hole for water spraying 15, water in incubator 12 flow in cube group water tank 1 by spout hole 17 again, and water turns back in vertical storage tank 2 by the discharge outlet of header tank 1 again.According to the black wing freshwater mussel children of purple freshwater mussel specification, regulate injection flow rate control valve 6, make the interior flow of every incubator 12 at 4 ~ 8L/min; Adopt 8 period timers to make outer circulation water pump 3 and aerator alternation in every 1.5 hours; According to the agreeable to the taste algae concentration of pond waters, regulate outer circulation inflow control valve 13, make the algae concentration in storage tank 2 remain on 1 × 10 5~ 5 × 10 6cells/L.
In the middle of described vertical storage tank 2, establish gap, the peak level of storage tank 2 should be lower than the discharge outlet of cube group water tank 1, and current turn back in extraneous water source by gap, reflux line 8; Bottom arranges micro-pore oxygenation pipe, and aeration and oxygenation are carried out in timing; The box plate of storage tank 2 is provided with blow-off line 9, is convenient to clean.
One end sealing of described interior circulation inlet channel 5, the other end is connected with the water outlet pipe loose joint of interior water circulating pump 3, arrange hole for water spraying 15 in the same way from top to end tool one, on the interior circulation inlet channel 5 of corresponding each incubator 12 positions, there is one group of hole for water spraying 15, interval 2 ~ 4cm between every group of interior adjacent two hole for water sprayings 15.
The spout hole 17 of described young freshwater mussel incubator 12 is arranged on a side of case, and it is 15 ~ 25cm apart from height at the bottom of case; Some incubator 12 close-packed arrays are positioned in cube group water tank 1, and keeping the water spraying direction of hole for water spraying 15 is a relative side of spout hole 17 water (flow) directions.
Described injection flow rate control system is, with injection flow rate control valve 18, interior circulation inlet channel 5 is separated to one, and water is back in vertical storage tank 2, regulates and controls the backflow water yield by injection flow rate control valve 6, thereby regulates spray flow and the flow velocity of hole for water spraying 15.
External circulating system in the utility model is extracted out extraneous water source by outer circulation water pump 4, enters in vertical storage tank 2 successively by outer circulation inlet channel 10, filter 11, outer circulation inflow control valve 13; Its middle filtrator 11 is selected bag filter, and bag filter adopts the filtering mesh bag of 200 microns, non-extraneous water source agreeable to the taste food organisms can be filtered and removes; Outer circulation inflow control valve 13 is for regulating the inflow of outer circulation.

Claims (6)

1. two recirculation systems of the early stage young freshwater mussel of the black wing freshwater mussel of purple, comprise header tank (1), storage tank (2), interior water circulating pump (3), outer circulation water pump (4), interior circulation inlet channel (5), interior circulation drainage pipeline (7), reflux line (8), blow-off line (9), outer circulation inlet channel (10), filter (11), incubator (12), outer circulation inlet regulating valve (13) and hole for water spraying (15), it is characterized in that: header tank (1) is positioned at the top of storage tank (2), in header tank (1), be placed with incubator (12), on incubator (12), offer spout hole (17), set up interior circulation inlet channel (5) in header tank (1) top, on the interior circulation inlet channel (5) of the each incubator of correspondence (12) position, offer hole for water spraying (15), the water inlet of interior circulation inlet channel (5) is positioned at storage tank (2), on storage tank (2), be provided with reflux line (8), blow-off line (9) is installed on the box plate of storage tank (2), interior water circulating pump (3) is installed on interior circulation inlet channel (5), interior circulation drainage pipeline (7) is installed on the box plate of header tank (1), the water side of interior circulation drainage pipeline (7) is positioned at storage tank (2), the water inlet of described outer circulation inlet channel (10) is positioned at extraneous water source, the water side of outer circulation inlet channel (10) is positioned at storage tank (2), and outer circulation water pump (4), filter (11) and outer circulation inflow control valve (13) are installed on outer circulation inlet channel (10).
2. two recirculation systems of the early stage young freshwater mussel of the black wing freshwater mussel of purple as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: be also provided with tank bracket (16), described header tank (1) is placed on tank bracket (16).
3. two recirculation systems of the early stage young freshwater mussel of the black wing freshwater mussel of purple as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described spout hole (17) towards with hole for water spraying (15) towards being contrary setting.
4. two recirculation systems of the early stage young freshwater mussel of the black wing freshwater mussel of purple as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: on the interior circulation inlet channel (5) of storage tank (2) top, be connected with injection flow rate control valve (18), the water side of injection flow rate control valve (18) is positioned at storage tank (2) scope top position, and injection flow rate control valve (6) is installed on injection flow rate control valve (18).
5. two recirculation systems of the early stage young freshwater mussel of the black wing freshwater mussel of purple as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described outer circulation inlet channel (10) stretches in storage tank (2) from the top of storage tank (2), on the outer circulation inlet channel (10) of storage tank (2) case opening's edge top, offer anti-return hole (14).
6. two recirculation systems of the early stage young freshwater mussel of the black wing freshwater mussel of purple as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described spout hole (17) is 15 ~ 25cm apart from the box plate height of incubator (12).
CN201420037595.3U 2014-01-21 2014-01-21 Dual-circulation acquaculture system for early baby clams of potamilus alatus Withdrawn - After Issue CN203709049U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420037595.3U CN203709049U (en) 2014-01-21 2014-01-21 Dual-circulation acquaculture system for early baby clams of potamilus alatus

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103766269A (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-05-07 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Double-circulation cultivation system for early baby clam of purple-black wing clam
CN104221965A (en) * 2014-09-16 2014-12-24 浙江大学 Device and method for temporarily culturing clams based on subacid electrolyzed water
CN106719195A (en) * 2016-12-05 2017-05-31 浙江海洋大学 A kind of Copepods indoor circulation incubator

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103766269A (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-05-07 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Double-circulation cultivation system for early baby clam of purple-black wing clam
CN103766269B (en) * 2014-01-21 2015-06-17 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Double-circulation cultivation system for early baby clam of purple-black wing clam
CN104221965A (en) * 2014-09-16 2014-12-24 浙江大学 Device and method for temporarily culturing clams based on subacid electrolyzed water
CN104221965B (en) * 2014-09-16 2016-03-23 浙江大学 A kind of device and method of supporting clam class based on subacidity brine electrolysis temporarily
CN106719195A (en) * 2016-12-05 2017-05-31 浙江海洋大学 A kind of Copepods indoor circulation incubator
CN106719195B (en) * 2016-12-05 2020-11-10 浙江海洋大学 Indoor circulation incubator of copepods

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20140716

Effective date of abandoning: 20150617

RGAV Abandon patent right to avoid regrant