CN203708930U - Mushroom greenhouse suitable for south - Google Patents

Mushroom greenhouse suitable for south Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203708930U
CN203708930U CN201320343890.7U CN201320343890U CN203708930U CN 203708930 U CN203708930 U CN 203708930U CN 201320343890 U CN201320343890 U CN 201320343890U CN 203708930 U CN203708930 U CN 203708930U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
canopy body
water
water pump
southern
lentinus edodes
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201320343890.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘叶高
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LIANYUNGANG MASHILONG BIOTECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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LIANYUNGANG MASHILONG BIOTECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201320343890.7U priority Critical patent/CN203708930U/en
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Publication of CN203708930U publication Critical patent/CN203708930U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The utility model discloses a mushroom greenhouse suitable for the south. The mushroom greenhouse comprises a greenhouse body, a cultivation frame arranged in the greenhouse body, and a plastic film arranged on the greenhouse body, wherein the mushroom greenhouse further comprises a bracket, a sunshade net, rolling devices, a water injection device, a cooling device and an air heat warming device, the bracket is arranged on the outer side of the greenhouse body, the sunshade net is arranged on the bracket, the rolling devices are arranged on one side of the top end of the sunshade net and the periphery of the sunshade net, the water injection device comprises a water well, a first water pump, a water supply pool, a buffer pool, a water return pool and a second water pump, the water well is sequentially connected with the first water pump, the water supply pool, the buffer pool and the water return pool, the water supply pool is connected with the second water pump, the second water pump is connected with one or more micro sprinklers through a water pipe, and the micro sprinklers are arranged at the top part of the greenhouse body. The mushroom greenhouse is good in cooling effect, high in yield and profit, increases the safety growth rate of mycelium culture and fruiting, increases the yield of the mushroom, and guarantees the quality of the mushroom.

Description

Be applicable to southern lentinus edodes greenhouse
Technical field
The utility model belongs to agricultural booth apparatus field, is particularly a kind ofly applicable to southern lentinus edodes greenhouse.
Background technology
At present, mushroom, in daily life, is a kind of requisite food, and present mushroom to be mostly artificial planting obtain, and cultivating champignon is subject to weather effect, after the inoculation of mushroom bacterium bag, the most applicable bacterium temperature in booth is 22-26 ℃.Yet summer temperature is too high, if do not carry out the cooling work in canopy, being easy to can be too high because of temperature of shed, and causes burning bacterium or miscellaneous bacteria infection, so affects the output of mushroom, affects again mushroom quality.Especially in southern area, summer temp is too high, and booth air is dry, easily causes burning bacterium or miscellaneous bacteria and infects, and has a strong impact on output and the quality of mushroom.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model be to provide a kind of good cooling effect, output high, profitable be applicable to southern lentinus edodes greenhouse.
The technical solution that realizes the utility model object is:
Be applicable to a southern lentinus edodes greenhouse, comprise canopy body, be arranged on the cultivating stand in canopy body and be arranged on the plastic film on canopy body, described lentinus edodes greenhouse also comprises: support, sunshade net, rolling device, water injector, the gentle hot heating apparatus of heat sink; The external side of described canopy is provided with support, is provided with sunshade net on support, and sunshade net top one side and surrounding are provided with rolling device.
The utility model compared with prior art, its remarkable advantage:
(1) the utility model is a kind of is applicable to southern lentinus edodes greenhouse compared with prior art, and the anniversaryization that can realize is produced, and guarantees mushroom season cultivation more than a year, realizes the target that product relative equilibrium is gone on the market.
(2) the utility model is a kind of is applicable to southern lentinus edodes greenhouse compared with prior art, and the mushroom fruiting phase extends, and has improved bag and has become flat rate, has extended fresh mushroom shelf life.
(3) the utility model is a kind of is applicable to southern lentinus edodes greenhouse compared with prior art, has improved the safe growth rate of cultural hypha and fruiting, has improved the output of mushroom, has guaranteed the quality of mushroom.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further detail.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the front view that the utility model is applicable to southern lentinus edodes greenhouse.
Fig. 2 is the rearview that the utility model is applicable to southern lentinus edodes greenhouse.
Fig. 3 is that the utility model is applicable to water injector structural representation in southern lentinus edodes greenhouse.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, 2, 3:
A kind ofly be applicable to southern lentinus edodes greenhouse, comprise canopy body 1, be arranged on the cultivating stand 21 in canopy body and be arranged on the plastic film 2 on canopy body 1, described lentinus edodes greenhouse also comprises: support 3, sunshade net 4, rolling device 5, water injector, the gentle hot heating apparatus of heat sink; Described canopy body 1 arranged outside has support 3, is provided with sunshade net 4 on support 3, and sunshade net 4 top one sides and surrounding are provided with rolling device 5.
Described water injector comprises well 6, the first water pump 7, feed cistern 8, Buffer Pool 9, back pool 10 and the second water pump 11, described well 6 connects the first water pump 7, feed cistern 8, Buffer Pool 9 and back pool 10 successively, described feed cistern 8 connects the second water pump 11, the second water pumps 11 and is connected with mini sprinkler 12 by water pipe.
Described heat sink comprises cascade 13, air exhauster 14, tank 15 and the 3rd water pump 16, in canopy body 1 one end, is provided with cascade 13, at canopy body 1 other end, is provided with air exhauster 14; Described tank 15 is arranged under cascade 13 vertical, and tank 15 connects back pools 10 by return pipe 17; Described feed cistern 8 connects the 3rd water pump 16, the three water pumps 16 and connects cascade 13 by water pipe.
The hot heating apparatus of described gas comprises boiler and jet chimney 20, and boiler connects jet chimney 20, and described jet chimney 20 is arranged on the bottom in canopy body 1, and around canopy body 1 inwall one week.
Described jet chimney 20 is provided with through hole, and through hole is evenly arranged in the upper surface of jet chimney 20.
Described support 3 belows, top are provided with sunshade net, and sunshade net top and surrounding are provided with rolling device.
On described cultivating stand 21, be provided with the first plastic film 22.
Framework beam 19 belows of described canopy body 1 are provided with can extending type sunshade net 23, can be provided with 2 or 2 above mini sprinklers 12 in extending type sunshade net 23 belows.
Described canopy body 1 one end is provided with 2 or 2 above air exhausters 14.
Described canopy body 1 one end is provided with end door 18.
Described canopy body 1 and support 3 are cuboid or U-shaped body.
Cascade cool principle:
Lentinus edodes greenhouse is by hiding one deck sunshade net 4 and water injector, then is equipped with water curtain cooling device and temperature of shed can be reduced reach more than 10 ℃, thereby realizes the specification requirement of the mushroom anniversary producing fruiting.Wherein cascade cooling plays a major role.It is the heat that utilizes water absorption air in water evaporation process, the physics principle that air themperature is declined.Cascade 13 supports the use with air exhauster 14 in practice, cascade 13 is contained on airtight lentinus edodes greenhouse one end, air exhauster 14 is contained on the other end of airtight mushroom canopy, air exhauster 14 is extracted room air out, producing negative pressure forces the air stream of indoor and outdoor through the moistening cascade of porous 13 surfaces, thereby make amount of heat in air carry out conversion processing, force and enter indoor air and reduce more than 10 ℃, and constantly introduce in canopy and lower the temperature.Water evaporation endothermic is natural a kind of very general physical phenomenon, and the integrated use of water screen type temperature-lowering system and air exhauster 14 has formally utilized water evaporation endothermic and made air cooled calorifics principle.
The gas heat principle of heating:
Lentinus edodes greenhouse, by plastic film 2 and steam heater are installed, makes low temperature season realize the specification requirement that mushroom anniversary fruiting is produced.Wherein vapour heat is heated and is played a major role.Mainly jet chimney 15 to be installed in lentinus edodes greenhouse be connected with mushroom bacterium cylinder sterilizing boiler, utilize the high-temperature steam conduction heat of sterilizing boiler, lentinus edodes greenhouse air themperature is raise, utilized hot transfer principle, and temperature required by Lentnus edodes in the plastic film 2 maintenance canopies that cover on canopy body.Meanwhile, above bacterium frame, draw and cover plastic film, keep vapours and to whole booth, do not distribute, with this form, guarantee that low temperature season mushroom canopy temperature rises to more than 10 ℃.
In southern area lentinus edodes greenhouse operation principle:
In southern area summer, the specification requirement that lentinus edodes greenhouse temperature is produced higher than fruiting, water injector utilizes water pump from well 6 to feed cistern 8 retainings, and feed cistern 8 supplies water to cascade 13 again, water curtain cooling device has utilized water evaporation endothermic and has made lentinus edodes greenhouse air cooling, reaches the object of cooling; The water that flow out cascade 13 belows, flows into 15 li of tanks, and tank 15 flows into 10 li of back pools by return pipe 17, and the water of back pool 10 the insides, through the transition of Buffer Pool 9, flows into feed cistern 8 by water, has reached the object of recycling water resource; In addition, feed cistern 8, also by water pump, supplies water to mini sprinkler 12, reduces the temperature of lentinus edodes greenhouse by mini sprinkler 12 water sprays, has also guaranteed the humidity of lentinus edodes greenhouse; Meanwhile, the sunshade net 4 of multilayer can effectively keep the sun off, and plays heat-blocking action.
In southern area winter, the specification requirement that lentinus edodes greenhouse temperature is produced lower than fruiting, sunshade net 4 can utilize rolling device 4 to be rolled, make full use of natural lighting, improve temperature of shed, thereby reach the specification requirement of Lentnus edodes fruiting, make the winter also can normal balanced fruiting, the anniversaryization that realizes be produced; If natural lighting, improve the specification requirement that the temperature in canopy does not reach Lentnus edodes fruiting, can utilize the hot heating apparatus of gas, utilize the high-temperature steam conduction heat of sterilizing boiler, improve temperature of shed, thereby reach the specification requirement of Lentnus edodes fruiting, make the winter also can normal balanced fruiting, the anniversaryization that realizes be produced.
Embodiment 1:
Be applicable to a southern lentinus edodes greenhouse, comprise canopy body 1, be arranged on cultivating stand 21 in canopy body, be arranged on white plastic film 2, support 3, sunshade net 4, rolling device 5, water injector (as Fig. 3), the gentle hot heating apparatus of heat sink on canopy body 1; Described canopy body 1 outside mounting bracket 3(is as Fig. 1), on support 3, covered with sunshade net 4, and sunshade net 4 top one sides and surrounding be fixing rolling device 5 all; Described water injector comprises well 6, the first water pump 7, feed cistern 8, Buffer Pool 9, back pool 10 and the second water pump 11, described well 6 connects the first water pump 7, feed cistern 8, Buffer Pool 9 and back pool 10 successively by water pipe, described feed cistern 8 connects the second water pump 11, the second water pumps 11 by water pipe and is connected with plastic micro-shower nozzle 12 by water pipe; Described heat sink comprises that cascade 13, air exhauster 14(are as Fig. 2), tank 15 and the 3rd water pump 16, in canopy body 1 one end, hanging cascade 13, at canopy body 1 other end fixed installation air exhauster 14; Described tank 15 is fixedly connected under cascade 13 vertical, and tank 15 connects back pools 10 by return pipe 17; Described feed cistern 8 connects the 3rd water pump 16, the three water pumps 16 by water pipe and connects cascade 13 by water pipe.
The hot heating apparatus of described gas comprises boiler and jet chimney 20, and boiler connects jet chimney 20, and described jet chimney 20 is arranged on the bottom in canopy body 1, and around canopy body 1 inwall one week.
Described jet chimney 20 is provided with through hole, and through hole is evenly arranged in the upper surface of jet chimney 20.
Described support 3 belows, top are provided with sunshade net, and sunshade net top and surrounding are provided with rolling device.
On described cultivating stand 21, be coated with the first plastic film 22.
Framework beam 19 belows of described canopy body 1 are provided with can extending type sunshade net 23, can be fixed with 2 plastic micro-shower nozzles 12 in extending type sunshade net 23 belows.
Described canopy body 1 one end is provided with 4 air exhausters 14.
Described canopy body 1 one end is provided with end door 18.
Described canopy body 1 is U-shaped body, and support 18 is cuboid (as Fig. 1).
Embodiment 2:
Be applicable to a southern lentinus edodes greenhouse, comprise canopy body 1, be arranged on cultivating stand 21 in canopy body, be arranged on white plastic film 2, support 3, sunshade net 4, rolling device 5, water injector (as Fig. 3), the gentle hot heating apparatus of heat sink on canopy body 1; Described canopy body 1 outside mounting bracket 3(is as Fig. 1), on support 3, covered with sunshade net 4, and sunshade net 4 top one sides and surrounding be fixing rolling device 5 all; Described water injector comprises well 6, the first water pump 7, feed cistern 8, Buffer Pool 9, back pool 10 and the second water pump 11, described well 6 connects the first water pump 7, feed cistern 8, Buffer Pool 9 and back pool 10 successively by water pipe, described feed cistern 8 connects the second water pump 11, the second water pumps 11 by water pipe and is connected with metal mini sprinkler 12 by water pipe; Described heat sink comprises that cascade 13, air exhauster 14(are as Fig. 2), tank 15 and the 3rd water pump 16, in canopy body 1 one end, hanging cascade 13, at canopy body 1 other end fixed installation air exhauster 14; Described tank 15 is fixedly connected under cascade 13 vertical, and tank 15 connects back pools 10 by return pipe 17; Described feed cistern 8 connects the 3rd water pump 16, the three water pumps 16 by water pipe and connects cascade 13 by water pipe.
The hot heating apparatus of described gas comprises boiler and jet chimney 20, and boiler connects jet chimney 20, and described jet chimney 20 is arranged on the bottom in canopy body 1, and around canopy body 1 inwall one week.
Described jet chimney 20 is provided with through hole, and through hole is evenly arranged in the upper surface of jet chimney 20.
Described support 3 belows, top are provided with sunshade net, and sunshade net top and surrounding are provided with rolling device.
On described cultivating stand 21, be coated with the first plastic film 22.
Framework beam 19 belows of described canopy body 1 are provided with can extending type sunshade net 23, can be fixed with 4 metal mini sprinklers 12 in extending type sunshade net 23 belows.
Described canopy body 1 one end is provided with 2 air exhausters 14.
Described canopy body 1 one end is provided with end door 18.
Described canopy body 1 is cuboid, and support 18 is U-shaped body.

Claims (10)

1. one kind is applicable to southern lentinus edodes greenhouse, comprise canopy body (1), be arranged on the cultivating stand (21) in canopy body and be arranged on the plastic film (2) on canopy body (1), it is characterized in that, described lentinus edodes greenhouse also comprises: support (3), sunshade net (4), rolling device (5), water injector, the gentle hot heating apparatus of heat sink; Described canopy body (1) arranged outside has support (3), is provided with sunshade net (4) on support (3), and sunshade net (4) top one side and surrounding are provided with rolling device (5).
2. a kind of southern lentinus edodes greenhouse that is applicable to according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described water injector comprises well (6), the first water pump (7), feed cistern (8), Buffer Pool (9), back pool (10) and the second water pump (11), described well (6) connects the first water pump (7), feed cistern (8), Buffer Pool (9) and back pool (10) successively, described feed cistern (8) connects the second water pump (11), and the second water pump (11) is connected with mini sprinkler (12) by water pipe.
3. a kind of southern lentinus edodes greenhouse that is applicable to according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described heat sink comprises cascade (13), air exhauster (14), tank (15) and the 3rd water pump (16), in canopy body (1) one end, be provided with cascade (13), at canopy body (1) other end, be provided with air exhauster (14); Described tank (15) is arranged under cascade (13) vertical, and tank (15) connects back pool (10) by return pipe (17); Described feed cistern (8) connects the 3rd water pump (16), and the 3rd water pump (16) connects cascade (13) by water pipe.
4. a kind of southern lentinus edodes greenhouse that is applicable to according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the hot heating apparatus of described gas comprises boiler and jet chimney (20), boiler connects jet chimney (20), described jet chimney (20) is arranged on the bottom in canopy body (1), and around canopy body (1) inwall one week.
5. a kind of southern lentinus edodes greenhouse that is applicable to according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described jet chimney (20) is provided with through hole, and through hole is evenly arranged in the upper surface of jet chimney (20).
6. a kind of southern lentinus edodes greenhouse that is applicable to according to claim 1, is characterized in that, below, described support (3) top is provided with sunshade net, and sunshade net top and surrounding are provided with rolling device.
7. a kind of southern lentinus edodes greenhouse that is applicable to according to claim 1, is characterized in that, is provided with the first plastic film (22) on described cultivating stand (21).
8. a kind of southern lentinus edodes greenhouse that is applicable to according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, framework beam (19) below of described canopy body (1) is provided with can extending type sunshade net (23), can be provided with 2 or 2 above mini sprinklers (12) in extending type sunshade net (23) below, described canopy body (1) one end is provided with 2 or 2 above air exhausters (14).
9. a kind of southern lentinus edodes greenhouse that is applicable to according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described canopy body (1) one end is provided with end door (18).
10. a kind of southern lentinus edodes greenhouse that is applicable to according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described canopy body (1) and support (3) are cuboid or U-shaped body.
CN201320343890.7U 2013-06-17 2013-06-17 Mushroom greenhouse suitable for south Expired - Fee Related CN203708930U (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105409594A (en) * 2015-12-18 2016-03-23 蓬溪昊宏菌业有限责任公司 Automatic temperature control system and cultivation method for shiitake mushrooms
CN105594452A (en) * 2015-12-18 2016-05-25 蓬溪昊宏菌业有限责任公司 Pleurotus ostreatus cultivation system and cultivation method
CN105684789A (en) * 2016-04-08 2016-06-22 佛山市融信通企业咨询服务有限公司 Full-automatic greenhouse fully utilizing space
CN105766476A (en) * 2016-04-08 2016-07-20 佛山市融信通企业咨询服务有限公司 Planting greenhouse with high space utilization rate
CN106234029A (en) * 2016-07-26 2016-12-21 胡在进 A kind of edible fungi anniversary fruiting booth
CN108849224A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-23 丽水市林业科学研究院 The facility and method of fruiting when a kind of high temperature season mushroom control

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105409594A (en) * 2015-12-18 2016-03-23 蓬溪昊宏菌业有限责任公司 Automatic temperature control system and cultivation method for shiitake mushrooms
CN105594452A (en) * 2015-12-18 2016-05-25 蓬溪昊宏菌业有限责任公司 Pleurotus ostreatus cultivation system and cultivation method
CN105409594B (en) * 2015-12-18 2018-05-29 蓬溪昊宏菌业有限责任公司 A kind of mushroom nature temperature-controlling system and method for cultivating mushroom
CN105684789A (en) * 2016-04-08 2016-06-22 佛山市融信通企业咨询服务有限公司 Full-automatic greenhouse fully utilizing space
CN105766476A (en) * 2016-04-08 2016-07-20 佛山市融信通企业咨询服务有限公司 Planting greenhouse with high space utilization rate
CN106234029A (en) * 2016-07-26 2016-12-21 胡在进 A kind of edible fungi anniversary fruiting booth
CN108849224A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-23 丽水市林业科学研究院 The facility and method of fruiting when a kind of high temperature season mushroom control

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140716

Termination date: 20160617

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee