CN203708196U - Experiment device having positioning function - Google Patents

Experiment device having positioning function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203708196U
CN203708196U CN201420079781.3U CN201420079781U CN203708196U CN 203708196 U CN203708196 U CN 203708196U CN 201420079781 U CN201420079781 U CN 201420079781U CN 203708196 U CN203708196 U CN 203708196U
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China
Prior art keywords
measuring equipment
distance measuring
distance
steel ball
positioning function
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CN201420079781.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张江立
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BAODING TIANWEI YINGLI NEW ENGERGY Co Ltd
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BAODING TIANWEI YINGLI NEW ENGERGY Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model relates to an experiment device having a positioning function. The experiment device comprises an impact experiment device and an impact control loop, wherein the impact experiment device comprises an impact experiment machine, a support, a motor, a leading screw, a solenoid valve support, a distance measurer, a solenoid valve and a steel ball, the motor is fixed on the impact experiment machine through the support, the motor is connected with the leading screw, one end of the solenoid valve support is fixed with the leading screw, the other end of the solenoid valve support is fixedly connected with the distance measurer and the solenoid valve, the steel ball is arranged below the solenoid valve, and the impact control loop comprises a relay, a switch, a distance measurer switch and a lead. The experiment device having the positioning function can flexibly adjust the distance between the steel ball and a photovoltaic assembly, employs the impact control loop to realize automatic control on the experiment device, guarantees test accuracy of an impact experiment on the photovoltaic assembly and improves work efficiency and the experiment success rate.

Description

A kind of experimental provision with positioning function
Technical field
The utility model relates to photovoltaic module field tests, particularly a kind of experimental provision with positioning function.
Background technology
In photovoltaic industry, assembly will carry out impact experiment, with the impact resistance of Verification Components.Impact experiment refers to that adopting weight is that the diameter of 525 grams is the steel ball of 51 millimeters, from freely falling apart from the high-altitude of 1.295 meters of assemblies.
In the photovoltaic module impact experiment of prior art, first laboratory technician lies in assembly glass surface upward on level ground, then the electromagnetic valve switch of closed impact experiment machine, then steel ball is placed on to (electromagnetically operated valve absorption steel ball) under electromagnetically operated valve, then laboratory technician measures steel ball to the vertical range of assembly and correspondingly regulates until steel ball is 1.295 meters to the vertical range of assembly with meter ruler, then open the switch of electromagnetically operated valve, open electromagnetically operated valve, thereby make electromagnetically operated valve there is no absorption affinity to steel ball, steel ball freely falls from the distance of 1.295 meters of assembly tops, experiment as shown in fig. 1.Each measure steel ball and assembly all cannot ensure to measure exactly the distance of steel ball to assembly, laboratory technician with meter ruler measure steel ball and assembly apart from time, meter ruler often can not vertical component, causes the distance of measuring to be forbidden, and affects experimental result.During measuring the distance of steel ball and inter-module, often there will be the situation of encountering steel ball, steel ball is fallen and pound to assembly, thereby make to test inaccurate.
Utility model content
For above-mentioned problems of the prior art, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of experimental provision with positioning function, to realize the automatic location of steel ball and automatically to complete freely falling of steel ball, improves the accuracy of photovoltaic module impact experiment.
In order to realize above-mentioned utility model object, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is as follows:
A kind of experimental provision with positioning function, comprise impact experiment apparatus and impulsive control loop, described impact experiment apparatus comprises impact experiment machine, support, motor, screw mandrel, solenoid valve bracket, distance measuring equipment, electromagnetically operated valve and steel ball, described motor is fixed on described impact experiment machine by described support, described motor connects described screw mandrel, described solenoid valve bracket one end is fixed to described screw mandrel, the other end is fixedly connected with described distance measuring equipment and described electromagnetically operated valve, and described steel ball is arranged in the below of described electromagnetically operated valve; Described impulsive control loop comprises relay, switch, distance measuring equipment switch and wire.
Further, electromagnetically operated valve described in described distance measuring equipment neighbour, and described distance measuring equipment bottom with described steel ball bottom in same level.
Further, the movement of screw mandrel described in described Electric Machine Control.
Further, the movement of distance measuring equipment and described electromagnetically operated valve described in described screw mandrel control, and then regulate described distance measuring equipment and the steel ball of described electromagnetically operated valve below and the distance of photovoltaic module.
Further, the moving range of described screw mandrel is that height apart from ground is between 1.1~1.5 meters.
Further, the range finding distance that described distance measuring equipment is set is 1.295 meters.
Further, the described motor of impact experiment apparatus and conducting or the disconnection of described electromagnetic valve work voltage circuit described in the described Control in described impulsive control loop, and then control the work of described motor and described electromagnetically operated valve or stop.
Further, conducting or the disconnection in relay coil loop described in the control of described distance measuring equipment switch.
Further, described in described screw mandrel control, distance measuring equipment moves to the distance of described photovoltaic module and equals the distance of finding range.
The experimental provision of positioning function that what the utility model provided have, can regulate neatly the distance between steel ball and photovoltaic module, the automatic control to experimental provision can be realized in the impulsive control loop adopting, ensure the testing precision of photovoltaic module impact experiment, and improved operating efficiency and experiment success rate.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is impact experiment apparatus schematic diagram of the prior art.
Fig. 2 is the circuit diagram in impulsive control of the prior art loop.
Fig. 3 is the impact experiment apparatus schematic diagram of the experimental provision with positioning function that provides of the utility model.
Fig. 4 is the circuit diagram of the impulsive control loop of the experimental provision with positioning function that provides of the utility model while automatically detecting and regulate the distance between steel ball and photovoltaic module.
Fig. 5 is the circuit diagram of the impulsive control loop of the experimental provision with positioning function that provides of the utility model when automatically controlling steel ball and impacting photovoltaic module.
Embodiment
In order to make the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing, the utility model is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only in order to explain the utility model, and be not used in restriction the utility model.
The experimental provision with positioning function provided by the utility model, comprises impact experiment apparatus and impulsive control loop.As shown in Figure 3, impact experiment apparatus comprises impact experiment machine 1, support 2, motor 3, screw mandrel 4, solenoid valve bracket 5, distance measuring equipment 6, electromagnetically operated valve 7 and steel ball 8.Impact experiment machine 1 is arranged in a side of impact experiment apparatus, and support 2 is flatly fixedly attached to the top of impact experiment machine 1, and motor 3 is fixed on impact experiment machine 1 by support 2.Motor 3 connection wire rods 4, screw mandrel 4 is arranged vertically.Solenoid valve bracket 5 horizontal arrangement, its one end is fixed to screw mandrel 4, and the other end is fixedly connected with distance measuring equipment 6 and electromagnetically operated valve 7, and steel ball 8 is arranged in the below of electromagnetically operated valve 7.The contiguous electromagnetically operated valve 7 of distance measuring equipment 6, and vertically top is fixed to solenoid valve bracket 5, distance measuring equipment 6 is 1 centimetre with the distance of electromagnetically operated valve 7, also can be close to electromagnetically operated valve 7.Distance measuring equipment 6 bottom with the steel ball 8 of electromagnetically operated valve 7 belows bottom in same level, to guarantee the distance of accurate test ball 8 and photovoltaic module 9.
Motor 3 is controlled screw mandrel 4 movement in vertical direction in rotary manner.Screw mandrel 4 rotates with respect to motor 3 and moves up or down, thereby screw mandrel 4 controls distance measuring equipment 6 by solenoid valve bracket 5 and electromagnetically operated valve 7 moves up or down, and then regulates the distance of steel ball 8 with the photovoltaic module 9 of distance measuring equipment 6 and electromagnetically operated valve 7 belows.Screw mandrel 4 can adopt ball screw, also can adopt and gyration can be converted into straight-line other conventional equipments.The moving range of screw mandrel 4 can be benchmark taking ground, and the moving range that screw mandrel 4 is set is that height apart from ground is between 1.1~1.5 meters.The moving range of screw mandrel 4 also can be taking photovoltaic module 9 as benchmark, the moving range of screw mandrel 4 is arranged near the demand height of impact experiment, screw mandrel 4 can be set move time and the distance of photovoltaic module 9 between 1.2~1.4 meters, thereby can quickly and accurately the distance of the lower end of distance measuring equipment 6 and photovoltaic module 9 be adjusted to the demand height of impact experiment.At present, the impact distance conventionally adopting in photovoltaic module 9 impact experiments is 1.295 meters, and the range finding distance that therefore distance measuring equipment 6 is set in the present embodiment is 1.295 meters, and distance measuring equipment 6 detects when it is 1.295 meters with the distance of photovoltaic module 9, stops detection.
Distance measuring equipment 6 detects the distance of distance measuring equipment 6 and photovoltaic module 9, and automatically will compare apart from detected value and settings, and feed back to motor 3, motor 3 regulates rising or the decline of screw mandrel 4 by rotation, screw mandrel 4 is controlled the movement of distance measuring equipment 6 and electromagnetically operated valve 7 and then the distance of adjusting steel ball 8 and photovoltaic module 9 simultaneously.In the time that screw mandrel 4 moves to steel ball 8 and equals 1.295 meters with the distance of photovoltaic module 9, distance measuring equipment 6 detects that distance measuring equipment 6 and the distance of photovoltaic module 9 are 1.295 meters, distance measuring equipment 6 stops detecting, motor 3 quits work, electromagnetically operated valve 7 disconnects, the steel ball 8 in electromagnetically operated valve 7 wests freely falls, and impacts photovoltaic module 9, completes impact experiment.
As shown in Figure 4, impulsive control loop comprises relay J, K switch 1, distance measuring equipment switch S and wire.The motor 3 of the relay J control impact experiment apparatus in impulsive control loop and conducting or the disconnection in electromagnetically operated valve 7 operating voltage loops, and then control the work of motor 3 and electromagnetically operated valve 7 or stop.Conducting or the disconnection of distance measuring equipment switch S control relay J wire loop.
The course of work in impulsive control loop comprises two processes: the distance that 1, automatically regulates and control steel ball 8 and photovoltaic module 9, as shown in Figure 4, Closing Switch K1, the operating voltage loop conducting of distance measuring equipment 6, distance measuring equipment 6 is started working, and detects the distance between distance measuring equipment 6 and photovoltaic module 9.The normally opened contact closure of distance measuring equipment 6, therefore relay J wire loop conducting, relay J normally opened contact closure, the operating voltage loop conducting of motor 3, thus motor 3 is started working.Motor 3 rotarily drives screw mandrel 4 and makes it upwards or move down, and screw mandrel 4 drives solenoid valve bracket 5 upwards or moves down, and then drives the movement of distance measuring equipment 6 and electromagnetically operated valve 7, equals until distance measuring equipment 6 moves to the distance of photovoltaic module 9 distance of finding range.
2, steel ball 8 equals after set point with the distance of photovoltaic module 9, automatically starts impact experiment.As shown in Figure 5, when motor 3 is worked, distance measuring equipment 6 moves to while being 1.295 meters apart from the distance of photovoltaic module 9, and the normally opened contact of distance measuring equipment 6 is opened, thereby relay J wire loop disconnects, and the normally opened contact of relay J is opened.Therefore the operating voltage loop of motor 3 disconnects, and motor 3 quits work, and the operating voltage loop of electromagnetically operated valve 7 disconnects simultaneously, and photovoltaic module 9 is impacted in the free fall in the time being 1.295 meters with the distance of photovoltaic module 9 of the steel ball 8 of electromagnetically operated valve 7 belows, and experiment finishes.Wherein the operating voltage of relay J wire loop adopts direct current 24V, and the operating voltage loop of motor 3 and electromagnetically operated valve 7 adopts alternating current 220V.
The experimental provision with positioning function is the impact experiment that automatically completes photovoltaic module by impulsive control loop, its process of carrying out photovoltaic module impact experiment is as follows: first, before impact experiment starts, K switch 1 is in open mode, photovoltaic module 9 glass surfaces are flatly placed on the ground upward, and steel ball 8 is placed on to the below of electromagnetically operated valve 7; Secondly, start automatically to carry out photovoltaic module impact experiment.Closing Switch K1, distance measuring equipment 6 operating voltage loop conductings, distance measuring equipment 6 detects the distance between itself and photovoltaic module 9; Distance measuring equipment 6 normally opened contact closures, the conducting of control relay J wire loop, relay J normally opened contact closure, works thereby control motor 3 and electromagnetically operated valve 7, the steel ball 8 of electromagnetically operated valve 7 its belows of absorption; Motor 3 is according to the gap between detection distance and range finding distance between distance measuring equipment 6 and photovoltaic module 9, regulate screw mandrel 4 to move up or down, when detect distance be greater than range finding apart from time, motor 3 is controlled screw mandrel 4 and is moved down, move up otherwise control screw mandrel 4, thereby screw mandrel 4 is controlled the distance of distance measuring equipment 6 and electromagnetically operated valve 7 and photovoltaic module 9 by solenoid valve bracket 5; When distance measuring equipment 6 move to the distance of photovoltaic module 9 equal range finding apart from time, distance measuring equipment 6 normally opened contacts are opened, and control relay J wire loop disconnects, the normally opened contact of relay J is opened, and then the disconnection of the operating voltage loop of motor 3 and electromagnetically operated valve 7, motor 3 quits work, and steel ball 8 is from electromagnetically operated valve 7 below free falls, impact photovoltaic module 9, complete impact experiment; Finally, K switch 1 is placed in to open position, to prepare the impact experiment of next photovoltaic module 9.
In existing photovoltaic module impact experiment as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, mainly utilize manual operation to complete impact experiment: the distance of manual measurement steel ball 8 and photovoltaic module 9 moved by hand solenoid valve bracket 5 position on impact experiment machine 1 and then the distance of adjusting steel ball 8 and photovoltaic module 9; And directly utilize conducting and the disconnection in K switch control electromagnetically operated valve 7 operating voltage loops, thereby control the absorption of electromagnetically operated valve 7 to steel ball 8 and without absorption, freely fall without the steel ball 8 of absorption with electromagnetically operated valve 7, impact photovoltaic module 7, thereby complete photovoltaic module impact experiment.
The experimental provision with positioning function provided by the invention, the distance measuring equipment 6 of introducing can be realized the accurate detection of the distance to steel ball 8 and photovoltaic module 9, can be realized the fine adjustment of the distance to steel ball 8 and photovoltaic module 9 and automatically be completed photovoltaic module impact experiment by impulsive control loop.Result while having avoided the distance of manual measurement steel ball 8 and photovoltaic module 9 glass surfaces is inaccurate and touch down the phenomenon of steel ball 8, has ensured the accuracy of experiment test, and has saved laboratory technician's the amount of labour.
The above embodiment has only expressed execution mode of the present utility model, and it describes comparatively concrete and detailed, but can not therefore be interpreted as the restriction to the utility model the scope of the claims.It should be pointed out that for the person of ordinary skill of the art, without departing from the concept of the premise utility, can also make some distortion and improvement, these all belong to protection range of the present utility model.Therefore, the protection range of the utility model patent should be as the criterion with claim.

Claims (9)

1. one kind has the experimental provision of positioning function, it is characterized in that, comprise impact experiment apparatus and impulsive control loop, described impact experiment apparatus comprises impact experiment machine, support, motor, screw mandrel, solenoid valve bracket, distance measuring equipment, electromagnetically operated valve and steel ball, described motor is fixed on described impact experiment machine by described support, described motor connects described screw mandrel, described solenoid valve bracket one end is fixed to described screw mandrel, the other end is fixedly connected with described distance measuring equipment and described electromagnetically operated valve, and described steel ball is arranged in the below of described electromagnetically operated valve; Described impulsive control loop comprises relay, switch, distance measuring equipment switch and wire.
2. the experimental provision with positioning function according to claim 1, is characterized in that, electromagnetically operated valve described in described distance measuring equipment neighbour, and described distance measuring equipment bottom with described steel ball bottom in same level.
3. the experimental provision with positioning function according to claim 2, is characterized in that, the movement of screw mandrel described in described Electric Machine Control.
4. the experimental provision with positioning function according to claim 3, is characterized in that, the movement of distance measuring equipment and described electromagnetically operated valve described in described screw mandrel control, and then regulate described distance measuring equipment and the steel ball of described electromagnetically operated valve below and the distance of photovoltaic module.
5. the experimental provision with positioning function according to claim 4, is characterized in that, the moving range of described screw mandrel is that height apart from ground is between 1.1~1.5 meters.
6. the experimental provision with positioning function according to claim 5, is characterized in that, the range finding distance that described distance measuring equipment is set is 1.295 meters.
7. the experimental provision with positioning function according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the described motor of impact experiment apparatus and conducting or the disconnection of described electromagnetic valve work voltage circuit described in the described Control in described impulsive control loop, and then control the work of described motor and described electromagnetically operated valve or stop.
8. the experimental provision with positioning function according to claim 7, is characterized in that, conducting or the disconnection in relay coil loop described in the control of described distance measuring equipment switch.
9. the experimental provision with positioning function according to claim 8, is characterized in that, distance measuring equipment moves to the distance of described photovoltaic module and equals the distance of finding range described in described screw mandrel control.
CN201420079781.3U 2014-02-25 2014-02-25 Experiment device having positioning function Active CN203708196U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105300649A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-02-03 昆山洺九机电有限公司 Impact test machine with steel ball self-reset function

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105300649A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-02-03 昆山洺九机电有限公司 Impact test machine with steel ball self-reset function

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