CN203701324U - Novel damping-variable oil damper device - Google Patents

Novel damping-variable oil damper device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203701324U
CN203701324U CN 201420051040 CN201420051040U CN203701324U CN 203701324 U CN203701324 U CN 203701324U CN 201420051040 CN201420051040 CN 201420051040 CN 201420051040 U CN201420051040 U CN 201420051040U CN 203701324 U CN203701324 U CN 203701324U
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piston
oil
air
cylinder
damping
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CN 201420051040
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Chinese (zh)
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沈朝勇
谭平
崔杰
黄襄云
马玉宏
陈洋洋
徐丽
周福霖
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广州大学
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Abstract

The utility model provides a novel damping-variable oil damper device. The novel damping-variable oil damper device comprises a piston rod, a cylinder, a connecting base and an oil piston, wherein the piston rod is inserted into the cylinder and penetrates through the oil piston inside the cylinder to be connected with the connecting base arranged at the other end of the cylinder in an inserted mode, a sealed cavity is formed inside the oil piston, an air piston is arranged in the sealed cavity, and the upper portion of the air piston and the lower portion of the air piston make tight contact with an upper cavity body and a lower cavity body of the sealed cavity. The piston rod penetrates through the middle portion of the air piston and is fixedly connected with the air piston. Damping holes parallel to the piston rod are formed in the upper portion of the oil piston and the lower portion of the oil piston respectively, and air holes parallel to the piston rod are formed in the upper portion of the air piston and the lower portion of the air piston respectively. The novel damping-variable oil damper device is simple and clear in structure and easy to maintain, the damper does not provide damping force when small or medium earthquakes occur, and in other words, a seismic isolation rubber support can not be prevented from forming a good damping effect. When great earthquakes occur, the damper provides large damping force and ensures safety of an upper structure together with the seismic isolation rubber support.

Description

—种新型变阻尼油阻尼器装置技术领域 - TECHNICAL FIELD The new type variable damping oil damper

[0001] 本实用新型属于建筑工程、桥梁工程技术领域。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the construction, engineering and technology fields bridge. 尤其涉及一种新型变阻尼油阻尼器装置,包括恒定变阻尼或间歇变阻尼,具体涉及建筑隔震层、桥梁隔震层及设备隔震层的新型变阻尼油阻尼器装置。 More particularly to a novel variable damping oil damper means comprises a variable damping constant or intermittent variable damping, particularly relates to the isolation layer construction, isolation layer bridges and new variable damping oil damper means of the device isolation layer.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 在隔震层中组合使用粘滞阻尼器和橡胶隔震支座,可以起到较好的降低地震作用,同时能够控制结构在大震时隔震层位移。 [0002] The combination of viscous dampers and a rubber bearing layer in the isolation, can play a better reduce earthquake, while being able to control the displacement of isolation layer structure during earthquake. 根据中国的隔震设计规范,在中震结果通过对比隔震结构与非隔震结构的剪力比或弯矩比来确定减震效果,而大震阶段主要控制隔震层的位移。 The isolation of Chinese design specifications, result of the determination in the shock ratio of the damping effect by shear or bending moment than the comparative non-isolated structure and the isolated structure, and displacement of the control stage is mainly earthquake isolation layer. 而中震阶段对减小剪力比或弯矩比起主要作用的是隔震层刚度,隔震层刚度越小,前者所述比值将越小,而粘滞阻尼器虽有一定的耗能效果,由于此时位移较小,其耗能效果有限,反而会适当增加隔震层的刚度,从而使整体减震效果会有所降低。 While the shock ratio or the stage of reducing the shear force moment than a major role in the stiffness of the isolation layer, the isolation layer is smaller stiffness, the ratio of the former is smaller, and although some viscous damper energy effect, since the displacement at this time is small, energy consumption is limited its effect, but will be appropriate to increase the rigidity of the isolation layer, so that the overall damping effect will decrease. 为满足隔震结构既在中震结构具有很好的减震效果,同时满足在大震阶段能很好控制隔震层位移,需要一种在小、中震阶段阻尼器不起作用,以不妨碍橡胶隔震支座的隔震效果,同时大震阶段能和橡胶隔震支座共同工作充分控制隔震层位移,保护隔震结构在大震安全的油阻尼器。 In order to meet both the isolated structure has a good damping effect in the isolation structure, at the same time meet earthquake phase displacement of isolation layer can be well controlled, the need for a small, medium stage shock damper does not work, so as not to interfere with the isolation effect of the rubber bearing, while earthquake phase and rubber bearings can work together sufficiently controlled displacement of isolation layer to protect the oil damper in the isolated structure of earthquake safety.

实用新型内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本实用新型在于,提供一种在小震、中震阶段不妨碍橡胶隔震支座对上部结构的减震效果,大震时能充分发挥其阻尼耗能效果,与橡胶隔震支座共同作用控制隔震层位移的新型变阻尼油阻尼器装置。 [0003] The present invention is to provide a small earthquakes, the shock phase does not interfere with the effect of damping rubber bearings on the upper structure when the earthquake energy can fully play its damping effect, with branches in rubber isolation Block displacement of isolation layer interaction control variable damping new oil damper means.

[0004] 为此,本实用新型提供了一种新型变阻尼油阻尼器装置,包括活塞杆、缸筒、连接座、油活塞,所述的活塞杆插入缸筒,并穿过缸筒内部的油活塞与缸筒另一端插入设有的连接座连接,所述的油活塞的内部设有密封腔体,所述的密封腔体内设有空气活塞,该空气活塞的上部与下部与密封腔体的上下腔体紧密接触;所述的活塞杆穿过空气活塞的中部,且与空气活塞固定连接;所述的油活塞的上下分别设有与活塞杆平行的阻尼孔,所述的空气活塞的上下分别设有与活塞杆平行的空气孔。 [0004] To this end, the present invention provides a novel variable damping oil damper means comprises a piston rod, cylinder, connecting base oil of the piston, the cylinder rod is inserted, and through the interior of the cylinder oil cylinder piston and the other end inserted into the connector holder is provided with connecting the interior of the piston is provided with an oil sealed cavity, the sealed chamber has an air piston, the air piston with an upper and lower portion of the sealed chamber close contact with the upper and lower cavity; said piston rod through the middle of the air piston, and is fixedly connected to the air piston; the oil piston is provided with upper and lower sides parallel with the piston rod orifice, said air piston upper and lower air holes are provided in parallel with the piston rod.

[0005] 还包括橡胶防撞减震块,该橡胶防撞减震块固定设在空气活塞的左右两端,且所述的活塞杆穿过该橡胶防撞减震块。 [0005] collision damping block further comprises a rubber, the rubber damper collision block is fixed at both ends of the left and right of the air piston, and the piston rod passes through the collision damping rubber blocks.

[0006] 还包括单向销栓和单向销栓的手动控制开关,所述的单向销栓的右端面是弧形,左端面与底面垂直,所述的单向销栓垂直设在空气活塞两边的缸筒的内壁上,且单向销栓的弧形端面相对设置;所述的缸筒上与单向销栓对应的内壁上设有腔体,所述的手动控制开关穿过缸筒筒壁与单向销栓固定连接,所述的单向销栓下端设有弹簧,且所述的弹簧位于腔体内并套设在手动控制开关上。 [0006] further comprises a manual control switch-way and one-way pin of the pin, the right end surface of the pin is a unidirectional arcuate left end face perpendicular to the bottom, said check pin disposed in the vertical air the inner wall of the cylinder on both sides of the piston, and the arcuate end surface of the check pin disposed opposite; a cavity provided in said upper cylinder and corresponding inner wall of the check pin, said cylinder through the manual control switch cylindrical tubular wall is fixedly connected to the check pin, the lower end of said check pin a spring, and said spring is located within the cavity and is sleeved on the manual control switch.

[0007] 本实用新型提供了一种新型变阻尼油阻尼器装置,有益效果是:结构清晰,简单明了,易维护,遭受小震、中震地震时,阻尼器不提供阻尼力,即不妨碍隔震橡胶支座形成的较好减震效果。 [0007] The present invention provides a novel variable damping oil damper means beneficial effects: a clear structure, simple, easy maintenance, less subject to shock, the shock when an earthquake, the damper does not provide a damping force, i.e., without prejudice good damping effect isolation rubber bearing formation. 在遭受大震地震时,阻尼器提供大的阻尼力,与隔震橡胶支座共同保护上部结构的安全。 When subjected to earthquake earthquake dampers provide a large damping force, together with isolation rubber bearings to secure the upper structure.

[0008] 以下将结合附图对本实用新型做进一步详细说明。 [0008] Here will be described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of the present invention in further detail.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0009] 图1是一种新型变阻尼油阻尼器装置剖面图结构示意图。 [0009] FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional schematic of an apparatus configuration in FIG novel variable damping oil damper.

[0010] 图2是一种新型变阻尼油阻尼器装置正视结构示意图。 [0010] FIG. 2 is a new variable damping oil damper schematic front view of the device structure.

[0011] 图3是一种新型变阻尼油阻尼器装置俯视结构示意图。 [0011] FIG. 3 is a schematic top view of the structure of the damper device becomes a new damping oil.

[0012] 图4是一种新型变阻尼油阻尼器装置三维轴测示意图。 [0012] FIG. 4 is a perspective schematic view of a novel three-dimensional variable damping apparatus oil damper.

[0013] 图5是恒定式变阻尼油阻尼器剖面图结构示意图。 [0013] FIG. 5 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the structure of the oil damper type variable damping constant.

[0014] 1、活塞杆;2、缸筒;3、连接座;4、油活塞;5、空气活塞;6、橡胶防撞减震块;7、阻尼孔;8、空气孔;9、粘滞油;10、密封腔体;11单向销栓;12、手动控制开关。 [0014] 1, piston rod; 2, the cylinder; 3, connecting base; 4, oil piston; 5, air piston; 6, collision damping rubber block; 7, orifice; 8, the air holes; 9, sticky lag oil; 10, sealed cavity; way the pin 11; 12, manual control switch.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0015] 下面结合附图和实施例进一步对一种新型变阻尼油阻尼器装置进行详细的说明。 Further, a new type variable damping oil damper device in the figures and described in detail in Example [0015] Next binding.

[0016] 实施例1: [0016] Example 1:

[0017] 如图1、2、3、4所示的一种新型变阻尼油阻尼器装置,包括活塞杆1、缸筒2、连接座 [0017] As shown in a new variable damping oil damper 1,2,3,4 apparatus shown, comprises a piston 1, cylinder 2, the connecting base

3、油活塞4,所述的活塞杆I插入缸筒2,并穿过缸筒2内部的油活塞4与缸筒2另一端插入设有的连接座3连接,所述的油活塞4的内部设有密封腔体10,所述的密封腔体10内设有空气活塞5,该空气活塞5的上部与下部与密封腔体10的上下腔体紧密接触;所述的活塞杆I穿过空气活塞5的中部,且与空气活塞5固定连接;所述的油活塞4的上下分别设有与活塞杆I平行的阻尼孔7,所述的空气活塞5的上下分别设有与活塞杆I平行的空气孔8。 3, the oil of the piston 4, the piston rod 2 into cylinder I, and through the interior of the cylinder 2 the piston 4 and the oil 2 is inserted into the other end of the cylinder is connected with the socket 3, the oil piston 4 10 is provided inside the sealed chamber, the sealed chamber 10 equipped with a body in close contact with the air piston 5, the upper and lower air piston upper chamber and a lower chamber 10 of the seal 5; said rod through I central air piston 5 and is connected to the air piston 5 is fixed; the oil of the piston down the piston rod 4 are provided parallel to the orifice 7 I, said upper and lower air piston 5 and the piston rod are respectively provided I air hole 8 parallel.

[0018] 其中,还包括橡胶防撞减震块6,该橡胶防撞减震块6固定设在空气活塞5的左右两端,且所述的活塞杆I穿过该橡胶防撞减震块6。 [0018] wherein the rubber further comprises a damping block 6 collision, the collision rubber damping block 6 is fixed at both ends of the left and right of the air piston 5 and the piston rod through the rubber bumper I damping block 6.

[0019] 在缸筒2的内部充满粘滞油9,在密封腔体10内充满空气,前者提供阻尼力,后者通过空气的流动使空气活塞5自由运动,不形成阻尼力。 [0019] viscous oil filled in the interior 9 of the cylinder 2, the sealed cavity 10 filled with air, the former providing a damping force, which is the free movement of the piston 5 so that the air flowing through the air, the damping force is not formed. 当结构遭受小地震时,空气自由穿过空气孔8,让空气活塞5在活塞杆I的带动下发生自由水平滑动。 When the structure suffered little earthquake, free air through the air holes 8, let freedom horizontal sliding piston 5 occurs in the air, driven by the piston rod I. 当结构遭受大的地震时,空气活塞5会运行到油活塞4内壁的端部,而空气活塞旁的防撞减震橡胶块6将会起到减缓两个活塞的撞击作用,此后,活塞杆I带动空气活塞5并拖动动油活塞4在缸筒2内运动,粘滞油9穿过阻尼孔7,形成阻尼力;当活塞杆I反向运动时,空气活塞5首先被反向拖动,此时油活塞4暂时不动,由于只有空气活塞5运动,该装置暂时不提供阻尼力,当空气活塞5运行到油活塞4内壁的另一端时,油活塞4再次被带动,粘滞油9反向穿过阻尼孔7,重新形成阻尼力。 When the structure is subjected to a large earthquake, the air piston 5 runs to the end portion of the inner wall of the oil of the piston 4, the collision damping rubber block next to the air piston 6 will play a role in slowing two striking piston after the piston rod I drive the air drag of the piston 5 and the hydraulic oil moving piston 4 in the cylinder 2, viscous oil orifice 7 through 9, the damping force is formed; when I reverse movement of the piston rod, the piston 5 is first reverse air drag moving, when the oil of the piston 4 is temporarily fixed, since only the air piston 5 moves, the damping force is not available means, operating when the air piston 5 to the other end of the inner wall of the oil of the piston 4, the piston 4 is driven again oil, viscous 9 oil back through orifice 7, the damping force is formed again.

[0020] 可以看出,本方案提供了一种结构清晰,简单明了,易维护,遭受小震、中震地震时,阻尼器不提供阻尼力,即不妨碍隔震橡胶支座形成的较好减震效果。 [0020] As can be seen, the present embodiment provides a structure in a clear, simple, easy maintenance, less subject to shock, the shock when an earthquake, the damper does not provide a damping force, i.e., without prejudice isolation rubber bearing is preferably formed damping effect. 在遭受大震地震时,阻尼器提供大的阻尼力,与隔震橡胶支座共同保护上部结构的安全的新型变阻尼油阻尼器装置。 When subjected to seismic earthquake, the damper provides greater damping force, together with secure isolation rubber bearing superstructure of the new variable damping oil damper means.

[0021] 实施例2: [0021] Example 2:

[0022] 如图5所述的一种新型变阻尼油阻尼器装置,还包括单向销栓(11)和单向销栓11的手动控制开关12,所述的单向销栓11的右端面是弧形,左端面与底面垂直,所述的单向销栓11垂直设在空气活塞5两边的缸筒2的内壁上,且单向销栓11的弧形端面相对设置;所述的缸筒上与单向销栓对应的内壁上设有腔体,所述的手动控制开关穿过缸筒筒壁与单向销栓固定连接,所述的单向销栓下端设有弹簧,且所述的弹簧位于腔体内并套设在手动控制开关上。 [0022] A new variable damping oil damper apparatus according to FIG. 5, further comprising a manual unidirectional pin (11) and the check pin 11 controls the switch 12, the right end of the bolt 11 is unidirectional arcuate surface, perpendicular to the bottom left end face, said check pin 11 disposed vertically on the inner wall of the air piston 5 on both sides of the cylinder 2, and the arcuate end surface of the check pin 11 is disposed opposite; the the upper cylinder is provided with an inner wall corresponding to the pin-way cavity, the manual control switch through the wall of the cylinder barrel and the check pin is fixedly connected to the lower end of said check pin a spring, and said spring is located within the cavity and is sleeved on the manual control switch.

[0023] 当结构遭受小地震时,实施方式同实施例一,不提供阻尼力;当结构遭受大地震时,当空气活塞5单向运动经过单向销栓11时,单向销栓11被压入其腔体,完全经过单向销栓11后,腔体内的弹簧将单向销栓11顶起,阻止了空气活塞5的反向运动,将空气活塞5卡在单向销栓11与筒壁4端头之间。 [0023] When the structure subjected to small earthquakes, embodiments of the same first embodiment, the damping force is not available; the structure when subjected to earthquake, when the one-way air piston 5 moves past the check pin 11, the pin 11 is one-way pressed into its cavity, after completely through the check pin 11, the cavity from the one-way spring pin 11, preventing reverse movement of the air piston 5, the air piston 5 in the card 11 and the check bolt 4 between the head end of the tubular wall. 在阻尼器停止运动后(即地震结束后),运用活塞杆I将阻尼器的筒壁4推到原来的起始位置,插入手动控制开关12,使筒壁2与筒壁4暂时不能发生相对滑动,同时相对向筒壁外部拉起单向销栓11,使单向销栓11突出部分埋入其腔体中,拉动活塞杆I,将空气活塞5拖入至两个单向销栓11之间,即原先最初的位置,阻尼器即恢复原状。 After the movement of the damper stop (i.e., after the earthquake), I use the cylindrical wall of the piston rod 4 of the damper pushed to its original starting position, in the manual control switch 12, so that the cylindrical wall 2 and cylindrical wall 4 is temporarily not occur relatively slide, while the external tubular wall opposite to the one-way pull the pin 11, so that the check pin protruding portion 11 which is embedded in the cavity, the piston rod is pulled I, the air drag of the piston 5 to the pin 11 two-way between that initial original position, damper restitution.

[0024] 以上例举仅仅是对本实用新型的举例说明,并不构成对本实用新型的保护范围的限制,凡是与本实用新型相同或相似的设计均属于本实用新型的保护范围之内。 [0024] The above example is merely illustrative of the present invention, not intended to limit the scope of protection of the present invention, the present invention all the same or similar design novel are within the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (3)

  1. 1.一种新型变阻尼油阻尼器装置,包括活塞杆(I)、缸筒(2)、连接座(3)、油活塞(4),所述的活塞杆(I)插入缸筒(2),并穿过缸筒(2)内部的油活塞(4)与缸筒(2)另一端插入设有的连接座(3)连接,其特征在于:所述的油活塞(4)的内部设有密封腔体(10),所述的密封腔体(10)内设有空气活塞(5),该空气活塞(5)的上部与下部与密封腔体(10)的上下腔体紧密接触;所述的活塞杆(I)穿过空气活塞(5)的中部,且与空气活塞(5)固定连接;所述的油活塞(4)的上下分别设有与活塞杆(I)平行的阻尼孔(7),所述的空气活塞(5)的上下分别设有与活塞杆(I)平行的空气孔(8)。 A new variable damping oil damper means comprising a piston rod (I), the cylinder (2), the connecting base (3), the oil of the piston (4), said rod (I) into cylinder (2 ), and passes through the cylinder (2) the other end of the oil inside the piston (4) and the cylinder (2) is provided with a connection seat insert (3) is connected, wherein: the oil inside the piston (4) a sealing cavity (10), said sealed cavity (10) is provided with an air piston (5), in close contact (10) of the upper and lower air piston chamber (5) and the upper and lower sealed chamber ; of the piston rod (I) through the middle of the air piston (5), and is fixedly connected to the air piston (5); said upper and lower oil piston (4) are respectively provided in parallel with the piston rod (I), orifice (7), said upper and lower air piston (5) are provided with air holes and the piston rod (I) parallel to (8).
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的一种新型变阻尼油阻尼器装置,其特征在于:还包括橡胶防撞减震块(6),该橡胶防撞减震块(6)固定设在空气活塞(5)的左右两端,且所述的活塞杆(O穿过该橡胶防撞减震块(6)。 2. A novel variable damping oil damper apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that: further comprising a collision damping rubber blocks (6), the collision damping rubber blocks (6) provided in the fixed air piston (5) left and right ends, and said piston (O passes through the collision damping rubber blocks (6).
  3. 3.根据权利要求1或2所述的一种新型变阻尼油阻尼器装置,其特征在于:还包括单向销栓(11)和单向销栓(11)的手动控制开关(12),所述的单向销栓(11)的右端面是弧形,左端面与底面垂直,所述的单向销栓(11)垂直设在空气活塞(5)两边的缸筒(2)的内壁上,且单向销栓(11)的弧形端面相对设置;所述的缸筒(2)上与单向销栓(11)对应的内壁上设有腔体,所述的手动控制开关(12)穿过缸筒(2)筒壁与单向销栓(11)固定连接,所述的单向销栓(11)下端设有弹簧,且所述的弹簧位于腔体内并套设在手动控制开关(12)上。 3. A novel variable damping oil damper device according to claim 1, characterized in that: further comprising a one-way pin (11) and the check pin (11) of the manual control switch (12), said check pin (11) is an arcuate right end surface of the left end surface perpendicular to the bottom, said check pin (11) provided in the vertical air cylinder piston (5) on both sides (2) of the inner wall on the way and the pin (11) disposed opposite arcuate end surface; the cylinder and the check pin (11) is provided with a cavity on a corresponding inner wall (2), said manual control switch ( 12) through the cylinder (2) cartridge wall and the check pin (11) is fixedly connected, said check pin (11) the lower end of a spring, and said spring is located in the cavity and manually sleeved a control switch (12).
CN 201420051040 2014-01-25 2014-01-25 Novel damping-variable oil damper device CN203701324U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103758246A (en) * 2014-01-25 2014-04-30 广州大学 Novel variable damping oil damper device
CN104372871A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-02-25 上海大学 Rigidity-variable oil damper
CN104806692A (en) * 2015-04-20 2015-07-29 天津大学仁爱学院 Self-reset oil damper
CN106801379A (en) * 2017-01-22 2017-06-06 北京工业大学 Speed lock-up device

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103758246A (en) * 2014-01-25 2014-04-30 广州大学 Novel variable damping oil damper device
CN103758246B (en) * 2014-01-25 2016-02-03 广州大学 A new variable damping oil damper means
CN104372871A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-02-25 上海大学 Rigidity-variable oil damper
CN104806692A (en) * 2015-04-20 2015-07-29 天津大学仁爱学院 Self-reset oil damper
CN104806692B (en) * 2015-04-20 2017-01-11 天津大学仁爱学院 A self-resetting oil damper
CN106801379A (en) * 2017-01-22 2017-06-06 北京工业大学 Speed lock-up device

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