CN203695136U - Waste crushing and sorting device - Google Patents

Waste crushing and sorting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203695136U
CN203695136U CN201320777937.0U CN201320777937U CN203695136U CN 203695136 U CN203695136 U CN 203695136U CN 201320777937 U CN201320777937 U CN 201320777937U CN 203695136 U CN203695136 U CN 203695136U
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China
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waste material
separating apparatus
material crushing
crushing
waste
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CN201320777937.0U
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Chinese (zh)
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明果英
刘叶华
李小明
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Hunan Vary Technology Co Ltd
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Hunan Vary Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a waste crushing and sorting device which comprises a crusher, a sorting mechanism and a movable chassis, wherein both the crusher and the sorting mechanism are arranged on the chassis. The waste crushing and sorting device which is of the structure can be directly moved to a jib site and can be used for crushing and sorting waste, particularly light waste steel or iron and remove impurities in materials, so that the recycled materials such as waste steel and iron have the advantages of low attachment content and large bulk density and the requirement on concentrate charging can be satisfied. According to the waste crushing and sorting device, the construction of steel frame structures and foundations with complicated production lines is decreased, the investment cost is effectively reduced; at the same time, and the long-distance transportation of the light waste steel needing recycle is not required, so that the transportation expense is relatively well saved and the using cost is low.

Description

A kind of waste material crushing-separating apparatus
Technical field
The utility model relates to waste material cracking and sorting field, particularly a kind of waste material crushing-separating apparatus.
Background technology
In recent years, along with the sustained and rapid development of China's economy, China has become world steel consumption big country, annual consumption iron and steel amount accounts for the half of world steel output, and China iron deposit stone resource relative shortage, and World Iron ore resource is also limited, therefore, wastes of iron and steel be recycled into essential link.
Scrap iron and steel is as regenerated resources; it is one of important source material of steel and iron industry; reclaim 1 ton of scrap iron and steel; can make steel approximately 0.8 ton; save 2 tons to 3 tons of iron ores; save approximately 1 ton, coke; the discharge of waste gas, waste water, waste residue can reduce respectively by 86%, 76% and 97% left and right; therefore; the effective recycling of scrap iron and steel; can greatly reduce the exploitation of natural mineral resources is consumed, reach minimizing land seizure, reduce social total energy consumption, save the object of investing, preserve the ecological environment, improve work productivity effect.Particularly extremely consume today that parallel port becomes deficient at natural mineral resources, the status of old metal resource in world's Economic Sustainable Development Strategy is just more aobvious outstanding.
For China, owing to there being the national conditions such as resource dispersion, thin material and mixing system material long-distance transport inconvenience, be badly in need of exploitation one and can directly reach scene, first frivolous steel scrap is carried out to fragmentation on the spot, then carry out the disintegrating machine of magnetic separation, sorting, make to reclaim the scrap iron and steel obtaining and there is the advantages such as high, the surperficial attachment content of purity is low, bulk density is large, can meet the requirement of " yellow phosphate ".This type of disintegrating machine has not only reduced the steel frame construction of production line complexity and the construction of ground, effectively reduces cost of investment, meanwhile, needs the frivolous steel scrap reclaiming without long-distance transport, has effectively saved freight, and use cost is low.
In sum, how to provide a kind of can be directly to reclaim the on-the-spot crushing-separating apparatus that waste material is carried out to broken and sorting, make to reclaim the scrap iron and steel obtaining and there is above-mentioned advantage, become those skilled in the art to need the technical problem of solution badly.
Utility model content
Based on the deficiencies in the prior art, one of problem to be solved in the utility model is how to provide one can be directly to reclaim on-the-spot waste material is carried out to fragmentation and sorting, and reclaims that the waste materials such as the scrap iron and steel that obtains have that high, the surperficial attachment content of purity is low, bulk density is large and the crushing-separating apparatus of the advantage of the aspect such as use cost is low.
For one of solving the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model provides a kind of waste material crushing-separating apparatus, comprise disintegrating machine, described waste material crushing-separating apparatus also comprises sorting mechanism and movable chassis, and described disintegrating machine and described sorting mechanism are all arranged on described chassis.
As the improvement on the one hand of a kind of waste material crushing-separating apparatus of the utility model, described disintegrating machine comprises discharging opening, described sorting mechanism comprises conveyer belt and magnetic separator, and one end of described conveyer belt is arranged at described discharging opening bottom, and described conveyer belt is arranged in described magnetic separator.
As the improvement on the one hand of a kind of waste material crushing-separating apparatus of the utility model, described sorting mechanism also comprises the winnowing machine that is arranged at described conveyer belt one side, described winnowing machine comprises the blower fan for power is provided, and the deduster being communicated with described blower fan by pipeline, described deduster is communicated with described discharging opening by pipeline.
As the improvement on the one hand of a kind of waste material crushing-separating apparatus of the utility model, described winnowing machine also comprises aggregate bin, one end of described aggregate bin is communicated with described discharging opening, and the other end of described aggregate bin is communicated with described deduster by pipeline, and described deduster is sack cleaner.
As the improvement on the one hand of a kind of waste material crushing-separating apparatus of the utility model, described aggregate bin is whirlwind aggregate bin, and described aggregate bin 1 is pyramidal structure.
As the improvement on the one hand of a kind of waste material crushing-separating apparatus of the utility model, on described discharging opening, be also provided with adjusting device, described adjusting device movably regulates discharging gap.
As the improvement on the one hand of a kind of waste material crushing-separating apparatus of the utility model, described disintegrating machine is vertical roller crusher, and the machine chamber of described vertical roller crusher is taper, and its upper diameter is greater than lower diameter.
As the improvement on the one hand of a kind of waste material crushing-separating apparatus of the utility model, described disintegrating machine be provided with can autostop arresting gear and the access door for overhauling.
As the improvement on the one hand of a kind of waste material crushing-separating apparatus of the utility model, described waste material crushing-separating apparatus also comprises material conveyer, and described upper material conveyer is used to disintegrating machine material loading.
As the improvement on the one hand of a kind of waste material crushing-separating apparatus of the utility model, described chassis is provided with wheel and supporting leg, and the quantity of described wheel and supporting leg is multiple.
The waste material crushing-separating apparatus of said structure, comprises disintegrating machine, sorting mechanism and movable chassis, and disintegrating machine and movable chassis are arranged on chassis.The waste material crushing-separating apparatus of this structure, can directly move to working site, can be on the spot to waste material, especially frivolous waste and old steel or iron carry out fragmentation, and carry out sorting, remove the impurity in material, therefore, the materials such as the scrap iron and steel that recovery obtains have advantages of that attachment content is low, bulk density is large, can meet the requirement of " yellow phosphate ".Not only reduced the steel frame construction of production line complexity and the construction of ground, effectively reduced cost of investment, meanwhile, needed the frivolous steel scrap reclaiming without long-distance transport, saved preferably freight, use cost is lower.
Brief description of the drawings
The accompanying drawing that forms a part of the present utility model is used to provide further understanding of the present utility model, and schematic description and description of the present utility model is used for explaining the utility model, does not form improper restriction of the present utility model.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of waste material cracking and sorting of the utility model machine;
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1.
In Fig. 1 to Fig. 2, the corresponding relation of Reference numeral is:
1 disintegrating machine 2 aggregate bin 3 conveyer belts
4 deduster 5 magnetic separator 6 blower fans
Material conveyer 9 wheels on 7 chassis 8
10 supporting legs
Detailed description of the invention
It should be noted that, in the situation that not conflicting, the feature in embodiment and embodiment in the utility model can combine mutually.Describe below with reference to the accompanying drawings and in conjunction with the embodiments the utility model in detail.
Crushing-separating apparatus as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, comprises disintegrating machine 1, sorting mechanism and chassis 7 movably, and disintegrating machine 1 and sorting mechanism are all arranged on chassis 7.Particularly, disintegrating machine 1 is vertical roller crusher, comprise feed hopper and discharge bucket, discharge bucket is provided with discharging opening, sorting mechanism comprises conveyer belt 3 and magnetic separator 5, conveyer belt 3 and magnetic separator 5 are all located on chassis 7, the left end of conveyer belt 3 is located at the bottom of discharging opening, conveyer belt 3 passes from magnetic separator 5, magnetic separator 5 is specially permanent magnetism self-tipping type magnetic separator, magnetic separator 5 can sort out the finished products such as the broken iron and steel after fragmentation separately, utilizes magnet principle that the article such as broken iron and steel are held, and the material that other weight is slightly large shifts out with conveyer belt 3.
Sorting mechanism also comprises winnowing machine, winnowing machine is arranged at a side of conveyer belt 3, specifically comprise deduster 4 and for the blower fan 6 of wind-force is provided, blower fan 6 is communicated with the right-hand member of deduster 4 by pipeline, winnowing machine also comprises aggregate bin 2, the discharge end of aggregate bin 2 is communicated with the left side of deduster 4 by pipeline, and meanwhile, the feed end of aggregate bin 2 is communicated with the discharging opening of disintegrating machine 1 by pipeline.Aggregate bin 2 is specially pyramidal structure, and the diameter of its lower end is less than the diameter of upper end.Aggregate bin 2 is specially whirlwind aggregate bin, deduster 4 is specially sack cleaner, after blower fan 6 starts, pneumatic separation device can sort out the light materials such as the dust producing in the cloth being mingled with in scrap iron and steel, polybag and shattering process separately in advance, make back segment sorting easier, product is purer more smart, has collected the dust producing when broken simultaneously, has realized clean production.
In technique scheme, can effectively remove the residues such as the paint on steel scrap surface for making material, make the steel scrap finished product after reclaiming more smart, the machine cavity configuration of vertical roller crusher is taper, its upper diameter is greater than lower diameter, the machine chamber of this structure, material can fully be crumpled, shear, impact and push in the machine chamber of disintegrating machine 1, reaches the effect of removing residue.In addition, for ensureing the service life of disintegrating machine 1, the machine chamber of disintegrating machine 1 and rotation running roller portion adopt the good potassium steel of wearability to make, because potassium steel has the characteristic that secondary operations is hardened, under constantly roll-in, impact loading because of superficial layer again work hardening there is high-wearing feature, therefore long service life.
On disintegrating machine 1, be also provided with can autostop arresting gear and the access door for overhauling; in the time having the material of super large piece to enter in the machine chamber of disintegrating machine 1; current of electric in arresting gear can constantly raise; in the time that electric current reaches predetermined value, system will autostop, now opens access door; take out bulk materials; reopen system, this device can protect disintegrating machine 1 and cutter thereof under special operation condition, not to meet with unexpectedly damaging effectively, makes to produce normal operation again.
In technique scheme, be also provided with adjusting device on discharging opening, adjusting device can regulate automatically according to the different material of fragmentation the discharging gap of disintegrating machine 1 discharging opening.It should be noted that, above-mentioned disintegrating machine 1, without using screen cloth, has overcome the shortcoming that maintenance occurs often to shut down because of screen cloth rapid wear, has reduced maintenance cost, and can improve preferably stability and the production efficiency of equipment.
Waste material crushing-separating apparatus also comprises material conveyer 8, and upper material conveyer 8 is arranged on chassis 7, is used to disintegrating machine 1 material loading on material loading disintegrating machine 1.In addition, be also provided with wheel 9 and supporting leg 10 on chassis 7, the quantity of wheel 9 and supporting leg 10 is multiple.
The waste material crushing-separating apparatus of said structure, operation principle is as follows:
First, by charging belt conveyer, frivolous steel scrap to be broken is sent in the vertical roller crusher of closed negative pressure and carried out fragmentation and dissociate, material is subject to impacting in this equipment, bending and fully rubbing, thereby make the Oil Paint Slag on frivolous steel scrap and be included in the impurity such as plastics in steel scrap, copper aluminium, cloth to be dissociated completely, and will after frivolous steel scrap fragmentation, be twisted into the scrap steel block of particle diameter 25~50mm.
Subsequently, the advanced row pneumatic separating of material after winnowing machine dissociates to above-mentioned fragmentation, sub-elects the light materials such as cloth, polybag and dust, after collecting, falls into packaging bag, and tail gas discharges after deduster 4 udst separations.
Then, the material that weight is larger falls into conveyer belt 3, and in course of conveying, through permanent magnetism self-tipping type magnetic separator, magnetic separator 5 carries out magnetic separating to material, sub-elects scrap iron and steel finished product, is then loaded to steel scrap finished product packing bag.After selection by winnowing and magnetic separation, remaining material is delivered to mix through conveyer belt 3 and expects to comprise bag, unifies to process.
The waste material crushing-separating apparatus of said structure, tool has the following advantages:
First, removable, produce adult low.The waste material crushing-separating apparatus of said structure, can directly move to working site, can be on the spot to waste material, especially frivolous waste and old steel or iron carry out fragmentation, and carry out sorting, remove the impurity in material, therefore, the materials such as the scrap iron and steel that recovery obtains have advantages of that attachment content is low, bulk density is large, can meet the requirement of " yellow phosphate ".Not only reduced the steel frame construction of production line complexity and the construction of ground, effectively reduced cost of investment, meanwhile, needed the frivolous steel scrap reclaiming without long-distance transport, saved preferably freight, use cost is lower.
Secondly, good separation effect.The waste material crushing-separating apparatus of said structure, comprise magnetic separation, two kinds of sorting process of selection by winnowing, frivolous steel scrap is after vertical roller crusher is pulverized, to the advanced row pneumatic separating of the material after pulverizing, the light materials such as dust, cloth and polybag are unified processing after collecting, and rest materials falls into conveyer belt 3, in the course of conveying of conveyer belt 3 through permanent magnetism self-tipping type magnetic separator, the magnetic materials such as iron and steel are sorted out, and leftover materials are exported with conveyer belt 3 in the continuation by outfeed belt conveyor.Due to the combination that this equipment is set up selection by winnowing and two kinds of sorting technologies of magnetic separation, make can obtain after frivolous steel scrap fragmentation not only essence but also pure steel scrap finished product, branch's effect is better, has met the requirement of " yellow phosphate ".
Finally, long service life.The waste material crushing-separating apparatus of said structure, when disintegrating machine 1 middle roll support revolves round the sun with rotating shaft, rotation running roller rotates around rotating shaft on the one hand, on the one hand not only under the effect of centrifugal force but also around bearing pin rotation, the gap length cycle of now rotating running roller and be arranged between the stationary knife on crusher chamber wall changes, impact, rubbing, extruding, bending that material is subject to rotating running roller and stationary knife during by this gap, the material of various unlike materials separates and volume is real respectively, then by material scraping plate, the material after separating is drawn off.Cutting knife, machine chamber and the running roller of vertical roller crusher all adopt antiwear high manganese steel material; this strength of materials is high, good toughness; and have wear-resisting and more impact the feature such as harder, therefore, its cutter is not easy to wear and fracture; simultaneously; on disintegrating machine 1, be also provided with arresting gear, cannot complete fragmentation time, will autostop; can protect preferably waste material crushing-separating apparatus, effectively extended its service life.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not in order to limit the utility model; all within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any amendment of doing, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., within all should being included in protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a waste material crushing-separating apparatus, comprise disintegrating machine (1), it is characterized in that, described waste material crushing-separating apparatus also comprises sorting mechanism and movable chassis (7), and described disintegrating machine (1) and described sorting mechanism are all arranged on described chassis (7).
2. waste material crushing-separating apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described disintegrating machine (1) comprises discharging opening, described sorting mechanism comprises conveyer belt (3) and magnetic separator (5), one end of described conveyer belt (3) is arranged at described discharging opening bottom, and described conveyer belt (3) is arranged in described magnetic separator (5).
3. waste material crushing-separating apparatus according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described sorting mechanism also comprises the winnowing machine that is arranged at described conveyer belt (3) one sides, described winnowing machine comprises the blower fan (6) for power is provided, and the deduster (4) being communicated with described blower fan (6) by pipeline, described deduster (4) is communicated with described discharging opening by pipeline.
4. waste material crushing-separating apparatus according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described winnowing machine also comprises aggregate bin (2), one end of described aggregate bin (2) is communicated with described discharging opening, the other end of described aggregate bin (2) is communicated with described deduster (4) by pipeline, and described deduster (4) is sack cleaner.
5. waste material crushing-separating apparatus according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described aggregate bin (2) is whirlwind aggregate bin, and described aggregate bin (2) is pyramidal structure.
6. waste material crushing-separating apparatus according to claim 5, is characterized in that, is also provided with adjusting device on described discharging opening, and described adjusting device movably regulates discharging gap.
7. according to the waste material crushing-separating apparatus described in any one in claim 1 to 6, it is characterized in that, described disintegrating machine (1) is vertical roller crusher (1), and the machine chamber of described vertical roller crusher (1) is taper, and its upper diameter is greater than lower diameter.
8. waste material crushing-separating apparatus according to claim 7, is characterized in that, described disintegrating machine (1) be provided with can autostop arresting gear and the access door for overhauling.
9. waste material crushing-separating apparatus according to claim 7, is characterized in that, described waste material crushing-separating apparatus also comprises material conveyer (8), and described upper material conveyer (8) is used to disintegrating machine (1) material loading.
10. waste material crushing-separating apparatus according to claim 9, it is characterized in that, described chassis (7) is provided with wheel (9) and supporting leg (10), and the quantity of described wheel (9) and supporting leg (10) is multiple.
CN201320777937.0U 2013-12-02 2013-12-02 Waste crushing and sorting device Active CN203695136U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104475426A (en) * 2014-11-26 2015-04-01 柳州市汇金再生资源利用有限公司 Iron and steel scrap processing and recovery method
CN104923485A (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-09-23 湖南万容科技股份有限公司 Winnowing sorting equipment, winnowing sorting system and movable sorting system
CN105883267A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-08-24 成都易顺通环保科技有限公司 Pipeline transportation comprehensive disposer for ground solid waste and household garbage
CN106269772A (en) * 2015-05-21 2017-01-04 安顺星佳玥环保科技有限公司 There is the pulverizer of dust-collecting function
CN111013766A (en) * 2019-12-06 2020-04-17 湖州市织里新飞铝业股份有限公司 Pretreatment device for production and processing of secondary aluminum

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104475426A (en) * 2014-11-26 2015-04-01 柳州市汇金再生资源利用有限公司 Iron and steel scrap processing and recovery method
CN104475426B (en) * 2014-11-26 2016-09-14 柳州市汇金再生资源利用有限公司 A kind of scrap iron and steel processing recovery method
CN106269772A (en) * 2015-05-21 2017-01-04 安顺星佳玥环保科技有限公司 There is the pulverizer of dust-collecting function
CN106269772B (en) * 2015-05-21 2019-03-26 安顺星佳玥环保科技有限公司 Pulverizer with dust-collecting function
CN104923485A (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-09-23 湖南万容科技股份有限公司 Winnowing sorting equipment, winnowing sorting system and movable sorting system
CN105883267A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-08-24 成都易顺通环保科技有限公司 Pipeline transportation comprehensive disposer for ground solid waste and household garbage
CN105883267B (en) * 2016-05-10 2018-01-16 成都易顺通环保科技有限公司 Ground solid waste and house refuse pipeline transportation comprehensive treatment device
CN111013766A (en) * 2019-12-06 2020-04-17 湖州市织里新飞铝业股份有限公司 Pretreatment device for production and processing of secondary aluminum
CN111013766B (en) * 2019-12-06 2021-08-31 湖南森科有色金属有限公司 Pretreatment device for production and processing of secondary aluminum

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