CN203691936U - Onion harvester - Google Patents

Onion harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203691936U
CN203691936U CN201420054208.7U CN201420054208U CN203691936U CN 203691936 U CN203691936 U CN 203691936U CN 201420054208 U CN201420054208 U CN 201420054208U CN 203691936 U CN203691936 U CN 203691936U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
chain
onion
frame
fruit
vibratory sieve
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420054208.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
靳瑞生
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靳瑞生
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Priority to CN201420054208.7U priority Critical patent/CN203691936U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203691936U publication Critical patent/CN203691936U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an onion harvester. The problem that an existing harvesting machine is complex in structure and low in harvesting efficiency, and onion fruits can be easily damaged is solved. The onion harvester comprises a machine frame, a power device, a conveying device, a shovel pushing device, a leaf cutting device and a fruit pulling device. The power device, the conveying device and the shovel pushing device are arranged on the machine frame. The power device comprises a speed changing box, a power output shaft, a left transmission chain and a right transmission chain. The two ends of a power output shaft arranged in the speed changing box are fixed on the two sides of the machine frame respectively. The conveying device comprises a hook-shaped chain transmission main shaft, hook-shaped chains, a conveying plate and a hook-shaped chain transmission shaft. The transmission main shaft and the hook-shaped chain transmission shaft are arranged on the machine frame. The two ends of the transmission main shaft are provided with the hook-shaped chains symmetrically. A conveying plate is arranged between the hook-shaped chains. The onion harvester accords with the growth characteristics of onions, and the onion fruits cannot be damaged easily during harvesting.

Description

Onion harvester
Technical field
The utility model belongs to harvest machinery field, relates to a kind of onion harvester.
Background technology
China's onion plantation output accounts for the whole world 34%, and cultivated area ranks first in the world.Onion have reducing blood lipid, hypotensive, unfold blood vessel and suppress the effect such as cancer, have abroad the good reputation of " vegetables queen ".Annual China onion exports approximately 450,000 tons, earns foreign exchange about 8,500 ten thousand dollars.The results of onion plantation are at present continued to use traditional artificial Softening mostly, waste time and energy.Existing relevant harvest machinery complex structure, efficiency of crop is low, and easily damages onion fruit.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of onion harvester, and to solve existing harvest machinery complex structure, efficiency of crop is low, the problem of easy damaged onion fruit.
Technical solutions of the utility model are as follows: a kind of onion harvester, comprise frame and power set, conveying plant, the shovel device in frame is set, described conveying plant is positioned at the middle part of frame, described shovel device is positioned at the middle and lower part of frame, the rear end of described shovel device is provided with conveying plant, it also comprises cuts leaf device and dials fruit device, the described leaf device of cutting is positioned at the described front end of dialling fruit device, described group of fruit device is positioned at the front end of described shovel device, described shovel device comprises circular arc shoveling and two fly rod, and described pair of fly rod symmetry is located at the both sides of frame; Described power set comprise gearbox, power take-off, Left Drive chain and right driving-chain, and the two ends that are located at the power take-off in gearbox are separately fixed at the both sides of described frame; Described conveying plant comprises hook chain transmission main shaft, hook chain, delivery board, hook chain power transmission shaft, and transmission main shaft and hook chain power transmission shaft are all located in frame, and transmission main shaft two ends are arranged with hook chain, between hook chain, are provided with delivery board; The Left Drive chain in power take-off left side is located between power take-off and hook chain power transmission shaft, and the right driving-chain on power take-off right side is connected with group fruit device with the described leaf device of cutting respectively.
Preferably, described delivery board is barrier shape.Preferably, after described conveying plant, be provided with device for vibration screening, described device for vibration screening involving vibrations sieve, vibratory sieve the first link plate, vibratory sieve the second link plate, the two ends of vibratory sieve are symmetrically arranged with vibratory sieve the first link plate and vibratory sieve the second link plate, vibratory sieve the first link plate and vibratory sieve the second link plate are suspended in frame by the first bearing pin and the second bearing pin respectively, be respectively equipped with crank at hook chain power transmission shaft two ends, crank is connected with the second bearing pin by connecting rod.Preferably, the downward-sloping 20-25 degree of described vibratory sieve angle.
Preferably, it also comprises gathering unit, and described gathering unit comprises that one-level green onion fruit collects bar funnel and secondary green onion fruit feed bin, and one-level green onion fruit collects bar funnel and be positioned at the rear of vibratory sieve, secondary green onion fruit feed bin is positioned at the below of vibratory sieve, in secondary green onion fruit feed bin, is provided with auger conveyor; Auger conveyor is connected with auger conveyor transmission chain rivet, and auger conveyor driving-chain is connected with hook chain power transmission shaft.Preferably, described secondary green onion fruit feed bin is infundibulate.
Preferably, it also comprises suspension arrangement, and described suspension arrangement comprises the upper hanger bracket and the lower hanger bracket that are located in frame.Preferably, described frame bottom is provided with front slide and tail skid.
Advantage of the present utility model is as follows: 1. this onion harvester is simple in structure, low cost of manufacture.2. efficiency of crop is high, and reaping machine carries out disposable results, without artificial harvesting, time saving and energy saving.3. reaping machine structure meets the growth characteristic of onion, easy damaged onion fruit not when results.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of onion harvester;
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of onion harvester;
Fig. 3 is the transmission schematic diagram on onion harvester mid frame right side.
Reference numeral implication is as follows: cut leaf stationary knife (2), circular arc type shoveling (4), front slide (5), hook chain transmission main shaft (6), hook chain (7), delivery board (71), frame (8), upper hanger bracket (9), gearbox (10), lower hanger bracket (11), hook chain power transmission shaft (12), crank (121), connecting rod (13), vibratory sieve (14), vibratory sieve the first link plate (151), vibratory sieve the second link plate (152), auger conveyor (16), tail skid (17), one-level green onion fruit collects bar funnel (18), Left Drive chain (19), right driving-chain (20), rotating knife power transmission shaft (21), cut leaf rotating knife knife rest (22), cut leaf rotating knife blade (23), dial fruit wheel shaft (25), dial fruit plate (26), rubber is dialled fruit plate (27), power take-off (28), two fly rods (29), auger conveyor driving-chain (31), secondary green onion fruit feed bin (32), the first bearing pin (33), the second bearing pin (34).
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in more detail.
The left of Fig. 1 is the front end of frame 8, a kind of onion harvester, comprise frame 8 and power set, conveying plant, the shovel device in frame 8 is set, conveying plant is positioned at the middle part of frame 8, shovel device is positioned at the middle and lower part of frame 8, the rear end of shovel device is provided with conveying plant, it also comprises cuts leaf device and dials fruit device, Qie Ye device is positioned at the front end of dialling fruit device, dial the front end that fruit device is positioned at shovel device, shovel device comprises circular arc shoveling 4 and two fly rod 29, and two fly rod 29 symmetries are located at the both sides of frame 8; Shovel device is by the unsteady earth's surface profiling of shoveling deadweight, to guarantee on the green onion hook chain that really forwards shovel arcwall face is carried.
Power set comprise gearbox 10, power take-off 28, Left Drive chain 19 and right driving-chain 20, and the two ends that are located at the power take-off 28 in gearbox 10 are separately fixed at the both sides of frame 8; Conveying plant comprises hook chain transmission main shaft 6, hook chain 7, delivery board 71, hook chain power transmission shaft 12, and transmission main shaft 6 and hook chain power transmission shaft 12 are all located in frame 8, and transmission main shaft 6 two ends are arranged with hook chain 7, are provided with delivery board 71 between hook chain 7; The Left Drive chain 19 in power take-off 28 left sides is located between power take-off 28 and hook chain power transmission shaft 12, the right driving-chain 20 on power take-off 28 right sides respectively with cut leaf device with dial fruit device be connected.Delivery board 71 is barrier shape.Frame 8 bottoms are provided with front slide 5 and tail skid 17.
After conveying plant, be provided with device for vibration screening, device for vibration screening involving vibrations sieve 14, vibratory sieve the first link plate 151, vibratory sieve the second link plate 152, the two ends of vibratory sieve 14 are symmetrically arranged with vibratory sieve the first link plate 151 and vibratory sieve the second link plate 152, vibratory sieve the first link plate 151 and vibratory sieve the second link plate 152 are suspended in frame 8 by the first bearing pin 33 and the second bearing pin 34 respectively, be respectively equipped with crank 121 at hook chain power transmission shaft 12 two ends, crank 121 is connected with the second bearing pin 34 by connecting rod 13.Crank rotarily drives vibratory sieve and does double vibrations.On sieve, plane is to make fence type compass screen surface by the requirement of onion fruit classification.The downward-sloping 20-25 degree of vibratory sieve 14 angle.
The utility model also comprises gathering unit, gathering unit comprises that one-level green onion fruit collects bar funnel 18 and secondary green onion fruit feed bin 32, one-level green onion fruit collects bar funnel 18 and is positioned at the rear of vibratory sieve 14, and secondary green onion fruit feed bin 32 is positioned at the below of vibratory sieve 14, in secondary green onion fruit feed bin 32, is provided with auger conveyor 16; Auger conveyor 16 is connected with auger conveyor driving-chain 31 axles, and auger conveyor driving-chain 31 is connected with hook chain power transmission shaft 12.Auger conveyor driving-chain 31 is positioned at the right side of frame 8.Secondary green onion fruit feed bin 32 is infundibulate.
The utility model also comprises suspension arrangement, and suspension arrangement comprises the upper hanger bracket 9 and the lower hanger bracket that are located in frame 8.
While using onion harvester to gather in the crops, available 30-40 horsepower wheel tractor is suspended on complete machine on tractor rear overhang hanger, and power transmission shaft after connecting, and when operation, reaping machine is freely landed.The speed of travel is chosen in thousand ms/h of 3-3.3.The upper hanger bracket 9 of onion harvester is connected with tractor with lower hanger bracket 11, the power take-off of onion harvester 28 is connected with the power take-off of tractor, tractor is gone ahead, drive onion harvester also to travel forward, the power take-off of tractor is the power take-off 28 to onion harvester power transmission, Qie Ye device is by the cauline leaf excision of onion fruit, partly being exposed at the thrust that ground green onion fruit walks forward by circular arc shoveling utilization forces green onion fruit to be delivered on hook chain along arc, the part earth being mixed in conveying in green onion fruit is separated by the delivery board 71 that is barrier shape with assorted leaf, fruit is sent on device for vibration screening through vibration screening green onion, one-level green onion fruit falls into one-level green onion fruit and collects bar funnel 18 along bolter surface, secondary green onion fruit falls into secondary green onion fruit feed bin 32, by auger conveyor 16, fruit is transported to outlet, then manually pack.

Claims (8)

1. an onion harvester, comprise frame (8) and the power set in frame (8) are set, conveying plant, shovel device, described conveying plant is positioned at the middle part of frame (8), described shovel device is positioned at the middle and lower part of frame (8), the rear end of described shovel device is provided with conveying plant, it is characterized in that: it also comprises cuts leaf device and dial fruit device, the described leaf device of cutting is positioned at the described front end of dialling fruit device, described group of fruit device is positioned at the front end of described shovel device, described shovel device comprises circular arc shoveling (4) and two fly rod (29), described pair of fly rod (29) symmetry is located at the both sides of frame (8), described power set comprise gearbox (10), power take-off (28), Left Drive chain (19) and right driving-chain (20), and the two ends that are located at the power take-off (28) in gearbox (10) are separately fixed at the both sides of described frame (8), described conveying plant comprises hook chain transmission main shaft (6), hook chain (7), delivery board (71), hook chain power transmission shaft (12), transmission main shaft (6) and hook chain power transmission shaft (12) are all located in frame (8), transmission main shaft (6) two ends are arranged with hook chain (7), are provided with delivery board (71) between hook chain (7), the Left Drive chain (19) in power take-off (28) left side is located between power take-off (28) and hook chain power transmission shaft (12), and the right driving-chain (20) on power take-off (28) right side is connected with group fruit device with the described leaf device of cutting respectively.
2. a kind of onion harvester as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described delivery board (71) is barrier shape.
3. a kind of onion harvester as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: after described conveying plant, be provided with device for vibration screening, described device for vibration screening involving vibrations sieve (14), vibratory sieve the first link plate (151), vibratory sieve the second link plate (152), the two ends of vibratory sieve (14) are symmetrically arranged with vibratory sieve the first link plate (151) and vibratory sieve the second link plate (152), vibratory sieve the first link plate (151) and vibratory sieve the second link plate (152) are suspended in frame (8) by the first bearing pin (33) and the second bearing pin (34) respectively, be respectively equipped with crank (121) at hook chain power transmission shaft (12) two ends, crank (121) is connected with the second bearing pin (34) by connecting rod (13).
4. a kind of onion harvester as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that: the downward-sloping 20-25 degree of described vibratory sieve (14) angle.
5. a kind of onion harvester as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that: it also comprises gathering unit, described gathering unit comprises that one-level green onion fruit collects bar funnel (18) and secondary green onion fruit feed bin (32), one-level green onion fruit collects bar funnel (18) and is positioned at the rear of vibratory sieve (14), secondary green onion fruit feed bin (32) is positioned at the below of vibratory sieve (14), in secondary green onion fruit feed bin (32), is provided with auger conveyor (16); Auger conveyor (16) is connected with auger conveyor driving-chain (31) axle, and auger conveyor driving-chain (31) is connected with hook chain power transmission shaft (12).
6. a kind of onion harvester as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that: described secondary green onion fruit feed bin (32) is infundibulate.
7. a kind of onion harvester as claimed in claim 6, is characterized in that: it also comprises suspension arrangement, described suspension arrangement comprises the upper hanger bracket (9) and the lower hanger bracket (11) that are located in frame (8).
8. a kind of onion harvester as claimed in claim 7, is characterized in that: described frame (8) bottom is provided with front slide (5) and tail skid (17).
CN201420054208.7U 2014-01-28 2014-01-28 Onion harvester Expired - Fee Related CN203691936U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420054208.7U CN203691936U (en) 2014-01-28 2014-01-28 Onion harvester

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420054208.7U CN203691936U (en) 2014-01-28 2014-01-28 Onion harvester

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203691936U true CN203691936U (en) 2014-07-09

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420054208.7U Expired - Fee Related CN203691936U (en) 2014-01-28 2014-01-28 Onion harvester

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203691936U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105638102A (en) * 2014-12-02 2016-06-08 中国科学院微生物研究所 Potato picking-up machine
CN108521972A (en) * 2018-03-13 2018-09-14 陕西科技大学 Water chestnut digger

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105638102A (en) * 2014-12-02 2016-06-08 中国科学院微生物研究所 Potato picking-up machine
CN108521972A (en) * 2018-03-13 2018-09-14 陕西科技大学 Water chestnut digger

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140709

Termination date: 20160128

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model