CN203665101U - Tool for machining top surface and bottom surface of passenger car axle housing by means of vertical machining center - Google Patents

Tool for machining top surface and bottom surface of passenger car axle housing by means of vertical machining center Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203665101U
CN203665101U CN201320879953.0U CN201320879953U CN203665101U CN 203665101 U CN203665101 U CN 203665101U CN 201320879953 U CN201320879953 U CN 201320879953U CN 203665101 U CN203665101 U CN 203665101U
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China
Prior art keywords
axle housing
auxiliary
clamping
tail
main
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CN201320879953.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宋英利
王文杰
张灿
王红旗
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Zhengzhou Jingyida Auto Parts Co Ltd
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Zhengzhou Jingyida Auto Parts Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a tool for machining the top surface and bottom surface of a passenger car axle housing by means of a vertical machining center. The tool comprises a bottom plate. An operating platform of the machining center is fixed to the bottom plate, a main clamping device and a locating device are fixed to a fourth shaft of the vertical machining center, auxiliary supporting devices and auxiliary pressing devices are fixed to the bottom plate, one end of the axle housing is clamped by the main clamping device, the other end of the axle housing is clamped by a tail clamping device, a flange end face of the end, clamped by the main clamping device, of the axle housing serves as a locating surface of the locating device, the middle of the axle housing is supported by the four auxiliary supporting devices, and the four auxiliary pressing devices assist in clamping the middle of the axle housing. Thus, the top surface and bottom surface of the passenger car axle housing can be machined by means of the vertical machining center; meanwhile, the tool is high in clamping precision, simple in structure, powerful in function and capable of effectively reducing the number of tool jigs of the passenger car axle housing, guarantees machining precision and machining quality of the axle housing, can effectively lower machining cost of the axle housing and relieves labor intensity of workers.

Description

Vertical machining centre processing passenger vehicle axle housing end face and bottom surface frock
technical field:
The utility model relates to passenger vehicle axle housing processing technique field, is specifically related to one and utilizes vertical machining centre processing passenger vehicle axle housing end face and bottom surface frock.
background technology:
Flourish along with China's passenger vehicle processing technology, the processing and manufacturing technology of passenger vehicle Drive axle housing is also constantly being improved and is improving.At present, vertical machining centre at home passenger vehicle Drive axle housing processing and manufacturing industry be used widely; But match with it for processing high efficiency, the high accuracy of axle housing, the frock of high accuracy does not slowly catch up with the paces of development, the structure of frock itself and the accuracy of manufacture have restricted the precision of passenger vehicle Drive axle housing processing and the raising of output to a great extent.At present, in vertical machining centre, mainly contain following two types for processing the frock of passenger vehicle Drive axle housing: the first is special tooling, for the processing request of each different product and different operations, have different frocks corresponding one by one with it; The second is general compound frock, and different product and different operation realize the processing of product by same set of frock.
But all Shortcomings of above-mentioned two kinds of frock types: the first special tooling, although can meet each product processing request, ensure the machining accuracy of product, but because the axle housing of passenger vehicle drive axle is various in style, cause changing and produce frequently, seriously restrict the lifting of output, also caused frock clamp quantity various, increased the production cost of axle housing simultaneously.
The general compound frock of the second, although avoid frequently changing product, the different requirements of the different operations that are difficult to meet identical product to frock, the machining accuracy of axle housing product is difficult to continue and is stable.
utility model content:
In sum, in order to overcome the deficiency of prior art problem, the utility model provides a kind of vertical machining centre processing passenger vehicle axle housing end face and bottom surface frock, a set of frock clamp, can realize the processing of vertical machining centre to two of passenger vehicle axle housing sides, clamping precision is high simultaneously, quantity simple in structure, powerful, can effectively to reduce the frock clamp of passenger vehicle axle housing, ensure machining accuracy and the crudy of axle housing, can effectively reduce again the processing cost of axle housing, reduce labor strength simultaneously.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
A kind of vertical machining centre processing passenger vehicle axle housing end face and bottom surface frock, wherein: comprise vertical machining centre the 4th axle, base plate, main clamping device, tail clamping device, auxiliary support apparatus, auxiliary clamping device and positioner, the operating desk of base plate and machining center is fixed, main clamping device and positioner and vertical machining centre the 4th axle is fixed, auxiliary support apparatus and auxiliary clamping device are fixed on base plate, main clamping device clamps one end of axle housing, tail clamping device clamps the other end of axle housing, positioner taking axle housing by the end face of flange of one end of main clamping device as locating surface, four auxiliary support apparatus support the middle part of axle housing, the middle part of four auxiliary clamping device auxiliary clamp axle housings.
Further, described main clamping device comprises main clamping seats, V-type groove, main folder locking oil cylinder, main clamp, compressed oil cylinder and compact heap, main clamping seats is fixed on the 4th axle of vertical machining centre, V-type groove is arranged on main clamping seats, axle housing is placed in V-type groove, is provided with main clamp on the expansion link of main folder locking oil cylinder, and main clamp compresses axle housing downwards, on the expansion link of compressed oil cylinder, compact heap is set, compact heap compresses main clamp.
Further, described tail clamping device comprises tail wedge, stern notch, tail compressing cylinder, tail briquetting and location jackscrew, on tail wedge, be provided with V-type stern notch, axle housing is placed in stern notch, tail compressing cylinder is fixed on tail wedge, and tail briquetting is set on the expansion link of tail compressing cylinder, and tail briquetting compresses axle housing downwards, on tail wedge, be provided with location jackscrew, location jackscrew withstands axle housing end face center.
Further, described positioner comprises positional cylinder, location backing plate and location briquetting, on the fixing main clamping seats of positional cylinder, on the expansion link of positional cylinder, be provided with location briquetting, on main clamping seats, be provided with location backing plate, location backing plate is corresponding with location briquetting, and the flange of one end being clamped by main clamping device of axle housing is arranged between location backing plate and location briquetting.
Further, described auxiliary support apparatus comprises supporting seat and support cylinder, and supporting seat is fixed on base plate, and support cylinder is fixed on supporting seat, and the expansion link of support cylinder withstands axle housing middle piece.
Further, described auxiliary clamping device comprises auxiliary pressed seat and auxiliary compressed oil cylinder, and auxiliary pressed seat is fixed on base plate, and auxiliary compressed oil cylinder is fixed on auxiliary pressed seat, and the expansion link of auxiliary compressed oil cylinder compresses axle housing middle piece.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1, the utility model is the rotary table by vertical machining centre, and the 4th axle is controlled the rotation of workpiece, and the rotating accuracy of the 4th axle of vertical machining centre is 0.001 °.Can meet the processing request of the different angles of workpiece, after processing, workpiece size is accurate, and data stabilization is effective.
2, auxiliary support apparatus of the present utility model has more flexible scope, can realize different axle housing kinds, the processing not of uniform size of axle housing profile, and support force does not interrupt in the process of axle housing, supporting & stablizing.
3, one end of main clamping device of the present utility model is synchronously arranged with axial end positioner, and reliable clamping, can effectively ensure workpiece axial location on the other hand on the one hand, and clamping workpiece position is unified, without axial float.
4, the utility model can be realized end face and the bottom surface processing of vertical machining centre to passenger vehicle axle housing, clamping precision is high simultaneously, quantity simple in structure, powerful, can effectively to reduce the frock clamp of passenger vehicle axle housing, ensure machining accuracy and the crudy of axle housing, can effectively reduce again the processing cost of axle housing, reduce labor strength simultaneously.
brief description of the drawings:
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the schematic top plan view of the utility model Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the A-A cross-sectional schematic of the utility model Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the B-B cross-sectional schematic of the utility model Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is the C-C cross-sectional schematic of the utility model Fig. 2;
Fig. 6 is hydraulic principle figure of the present utility model;
Use view of the present utility model when Fig. 7 is processing axle housing bottom surface.
detailed description of the invention:
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in further detail.
As shown in Fig. 1 ~ 6, a kind of vertical machining centre processing passenger vehicle axle housing end face and bottom surface frock, comprise vertical machining centre the 4th axle 1, base plate 2, main clamping device 3, tail clamping device 4, auxiliary support apparatus 5, auxiliary clamping device 6 and positioner 7, base plate 2 is fixed with the operating desk of machining center, main clamping device 3 and positioner 7 are fixing with vertical machining centre the 4th axle 1, auxiliary support apparatus 5 and auxiliary clamping device 6 are fixed on base plate 2, main clamping device 3 clamps one end of axle housing 8, tail clamping device 4 clamps the other end of axle housing 8, positioner 7 taking axle housing 8 by the end face of flange of one end of main clamping device 3 as locating surface, four auxiliary support apparatus 5 support the middle part of axle housing 8, the middle part of four auxiliary clamping device 6 auxiliary clamp axle housings 8.
Described main clamping device 3 comprises main clamping seats 9, V-type groove 10, main folder locking oil cylinder 11, main clamp 12, compressed oil cylinder 13 and compact heap 14, main clamping seats 9 is fixed on the 4th axle 1 of vertical machining centre, V-type groove 10 is arranged on main clamping seats 9, axle housing 8 is placed in V-type groove 10, on the expansion link of main folder locking oil cylinder 11, be provided with main clamp 12, main clamp 12 compresses axle housing 8 downwards, and compact heap 14 is set on the expansion link of compressed oil cylinder 13, and compact heap 14 compresses main clamp 12.
Described positioner 7 comprises positional cylinder 20, location backing plate 21 and location briquetting 22, on the fixing main clamping seats 9 of positional cylinder 20, on the expansion link of positional cylinder 20, be provided with location briquetting 22, on main clamping seats 9, be provided with location backing plate 21, location backing plate 21 is corresponding with location briquetting 22, and the flange of one end being clamped by main clamping device 3 of axle housing 8 is arranged between location backing plate 21 and location briquetting 22.Described main folder locking oil cylinder 11, compressed oil cylinder 13 and positional cylinder 20 are controlled by reversal valve K1.
Described tail clamping device 4 comprises tail wedge 15, stern notch 16, tail compressing cylinder 17, tail briquetting 18 and location jackscrew 19, on tail wedge 15, be provided with V-type stern notch 16, axle housing 8 is placed in stern notch 16, tail compressing cylinder 17 is fixed on tail wedge 15, tail briquetting 18 is set on the expansion link of tail compressing cylinder 17, and tail briquetting 18 compresses axle housing 8 downwards, is provided with location jackscrew 19 on tail wedge 15, location jackscrew 19 withstands axle housing 8 end face centers, and described tail compressing cylinder 17 is controlled by reversal valve K2.
Described auxiliary support apparatus 5 comprises supporting seat 23 and support cylinder 24, and supporting seat 23 is fixed on base plate 2, and support cylinder 24 is fixed on supporting seat 23, and the expansion link of support cylinder 24 withstands axle housing 8 stage casings.Four support cylinders 24 are controlled by reversal valve K3.Described auxiliary clamping device 6 comprises auxiliary pressed seat 25 and auxiliary compressed oil cylinder 26, auxiliary pressed seat 25 is fixed on base plate 2, auxiliary compressed oil cylinder 26 is fixed on auxiliary pressed seat 25, the expansion link of auxiliary compressed oil cylinder 26 compresses axle housing 8 stage casings, and four auxiliary compressed oil cylinders 26 are controlled by reversal valve K4.
As shown in Figure 1, axle housing 8 end faces are added to man-hour, first axle housing 8 is placed on the utility model, start reversal valve K1, positional cylinder 20, main folder locking oil cylinder 11 and compressed oil cylinder 13 move, positional cylinder 20 drives location briquetting 22 axial tightening workpiece, flange on axle housing 8 is pressed to location backing plate 21, and compress, main folder locking oil cylinder 11 drives main clamp 12 to turn round 90 ° and cooperatively interact and compress axle housing 8 with V-type groove 10 afterwards, and last compressed oil cylinder 13 drives compact heap 14 to turn round 90 ° and compress main clamps 12 downwards.
Then start the 4th axle 1 of vertical machining centre, the 4th axle 1 drives axle housing 8 to rotate, axle housing 8 is rotated to end face position upward,, 80 ° of positions of axle housing, then start reversal valve K2, tail compressing cylinder 17 drives tail briquetting 18 to coordinate with stern notch 16 and compresses axle housing 8 tail ends, locates jackscrew 19 simultaneously and holds out against axle housing 8 end face centers.Finally start reversal valve K3 and reversal valve K4, four support cylinders 24 move simultaneously, the expansion link of four support cylinders 24 stretches out, the bottom in support column axle housing 8 stage casings, four auxiliary compressed oil cylinders 26 move simultaneously, the expansion link of four auxiliary compressed oil cylinders 26 stretches out, auxiliary axle housing 8 tops, stage casing that compress.So far complete the clamping that axle housing 8 location add man-hour.Start vertical machining centre, axle housing 8 end faces are processed.
As shown in Figure 7, after axle housing 8 end faces machine, reversal valve K3 and reversal valve K4 commutation, the expansion link of four support cylinders 24 falls, the expansion link of four auxiliary compressed oil cylinders 26 unclamps axle housing 8, reversal valve K2 commutation, tail compressing cylinder 17 drives tail briquetting 18 to unclamp axle housing 8, the 4th axle 1 rotates, take axle housing 8 Rotate 180s ° to, to axle housing 8 bottom surfaces upward, then reversal valve K2 commutates again, tail compressing cylinder 17 drives tail briquetting 18 to compress axle housing 8 again, reversal valve K3 and reversal valve K4 commutate again, the expansion link of four support cylinders 24 stretches out, support axle housing 8 middle parts, the expansion link of four auxiliary compressed oil cylinders 26 compresses axle housing 8 stage casings again, start vertical machining centre, axle housing 8 bottom surfaces are processed.
After to be processed, again start reversal valve K1, reversal valve K2, reversal valve K3, reversal valve K4, main clamping device 3, tail clamping device 4, auxiliary support apparatus 5, auxiliary clamping device 6 and positioner 7 unclamp axle housing 8, so far, utilize vertical machining centre to complete the processing to axle housing 8 end faces and bottom surface.
Be noted that, above-described embodiment is explanation to technical solutions of the utility model and unrestricted, other amendment that is equal to replacement or makes according to prior art of affiliated technical field those of ordinary skill, as long as do not exceed thinking and the scope of technical solutions of the utility model, within all should being included in the desired interest field of the utility model.

Claims (6)

1. a vertical machining centre is processed passenger vehicle axle housing end face and bottom surface frock, it is characterized in that: comprise vertical machining centre the 4th axle (1), base plate (2), main clamping device (3), tail clamping device (4), auxiliary support apparatus (5), auxiliary clamping device (6) and positioner (7), base plate (2) is fixed with the operating desk of machining center, main clamping device (3) and positioner (7) are fixing with vertical machining centre the 4th axle (1), auxiliary support apparatus (5) and auxiliary clamping device (6) are fixed on base plate (2), main clamping device (3) clamps one end of axle housing (8), tail clamping device (4) clamps the other end of axle housing (8), positioner (7) taking axle housing (8) by the end face of flange of one end of main clamping device (3) as locating surface, four auxiliary support apparatus (5) support the middle part of axle housing (8), the middle part of four auxiliary clamping devices (6) auxiliary clamp axle housings (8).
2. vertical machining centre processing passenger vehicle axle housing end face according to claim 1 and bottom surface frock, it is characterized in that: described main clamping device (3) comprises main clamping seats (9), V-type groove (10), main folder locking oil cylinder (11), main clamp (12), compressed oil cylinder (13) and compact heap (14), main clamping seats (9) is fixed on the 4th axle (1) of vertical machining centre, V-type groove (10) is arranged on main clamping seats (9), axle housing (8) is placed in V-type groove (10), on the expansion link of main folder locking oil cylinder (11), be provided with main clamp (12), main clamp (12) compresses axle housing (8) downwards, compact heap (14) is set on the expansion link of compressed oil cylinder (13), compact heap (14) compresses main clamp (12).
3. vertical machining centre processing passenger vehicle axle housing end face according to claim 1 and bottom surface frock, it is characterized in that: described tail clamping device (4) comprises tail wedge (15), stern notch (16), tail compressing cylinder (17), tail briquetting (18) and location jackscrew (19), on tail wedge (15), be provided with V-type stern notch (16), axle housing (8) is placed in stern notch (16), tail compressing cylinder (17) is fixed on tail wedge (15), tail briquetting (18) is set on the expansion link of tail compressing cylinder (17), tail briquetting (18) compresses axle housing (8) downwards, on tail wedge (15), be provided with location jackscrew (19), location jackscrew (19) withstands axle housing (8) end face center.
4. vertical machining centre processing passenger vehicle axle housing end face according to claim 1 and bottom surface frock, it is characterized in that: described positioner (7) comprises positional cylinder (20), location backing plate (21) and location briquetting (22), on the fixing main clamping seats (9) of positional cylinder (20), on the expansion link of positional cylinder (20), be provided with location briquetting (22), on main clamping seats (9), be provided with location backing plate (21), location backing plate (21) is corresponding with location briquetting (22), the flange of one end being clamped by main clamping device (3) of axle housing (8) is arranged between location backing plate (21) and location briquetting (22).
5. vertical machining centre processing passenger vehicle axle housing end face according to claim 1 and bottom surface frock, it is characterized in that: described auxiliary support apparatus (5) comprises supporting seat (23) and support cylinder (24), supporting seat (23) is fixed on base plate (2), it is upper that support cylinder (24) is fixed on supporting seat (23), and the expansion link of support cylinder (24) withstands axle housing (8) stage casing.
6. vertical machining centre processing passenger vehicle axle housing end face according to claim 1 and bottom surface frock, it is characterized in that: described auxiliary clamping device (6) comprises auxiliary pressed seat (25) and auxiliary compressed oil cylinder (26), auxiliary pressed seat (25) is fixed on base plate (2), it is upper that auxiliary compressed oil cylinder (26) is fixed on auxiliary pressed seat (25), and the expansion link of auxiliary compressed oil cylinder (26) compresses axle housing (8) stage casing.
CN201320879953.0U 2013-12-30 2013-12-30 Tool for machining top surface and bottom surface of passenger car axle housing by means of vertical machining center Active CN203665101U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103692228A (en) * 2013-12-30 2014-04-02 郑州精益达汽车零部件有限公司 Fixture for machining top surface and bottom surface of passenger car axle housing in vertical machining center

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103692228A (en) * 2013-12-30 2014-04-02 郑州精益达汽车零部件有限公司 Fixture for machining top surface and bottom surface of passenger car axle housing in vertical machining center
CN103692228B (en) * 2013-12-30 2016-04-27 郑州精益达汽车零部件有限公司 Vertical machining centre processing passenger car axle end face and bottom surface frock

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