CN203663702U - Joint treatment device for organic waste gas - Google Patents

Joint treatment device for organic waste gas Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203663702U
CN203663702U CN201320753305.0U CN201320753305U CN203663702U CN 203663702 U CN203663702 U CN 203663702U CN 201320753305 U CN201320753305 U CN 201320753305U CN 203663702 U CN203663702 U CN 203663702U
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China
Prior art keywords
waste gas
filter
organic waste
optoelectronic
sorbing
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201320753305.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
窦冬阳
顾兴元
侯淳
李智
张清宇
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CHINA CHEMICAL GUILIN ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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CHINA CHEMICAL GUILIN ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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Abstract

A joint treatment device for organic waste gas is characterized in that deoiling-photoelectricity-absorption filtration joint treatment is conducted on the organic waste gas, a deoiling device is arranged in front of photoelectric equipment, and an absorption filtration device is arranged behind the photoelectric equipment; the deoiling device is selected from an activated carbon fiber filter screen, a stainless steel wire demister and/or a cyclone purifier; a microwave generator of the photoelectric equipment generates a microwave field to excite an electrodeless lamp to produce ultraviolet photolytic oxygen and a nano-photocatalyst-waste gas purification catalyst to produce ozone which quickly oxidizes the organic waste gas; the absorption filtration device absorbs and filters the organic waste gas, purified gas reaches the standard of discharge, and saturated adsorbing material is incinerated. After flowing into the joint treatment device, the organic waste gas is subjected to deoiling, photolytic oxidization fission and absorption filtration treatment, and finally gas discharged from an exhaust opening reaches the standard of discharge.

Description

The combined apparatus of organic exhaust gas
Technical field
The utility model belongs to waste gas pollution control and treatment technical field, is specifically related to a kind of organic exhaust gas combined apparatus.
Background technology
That organic exhaust gas generally all exists is inflammable and explosive, poisonous and harmful, water insoluble, be dissolved in organic solvent, feature that intractability is large.What in the time of VOCs treatment, generally adopt is the multiple principles such as organic exhaust gas active-carbon adsorption treatment method, Production by Catalytic Combustion Process, catalytic oxidation, acid-base neutralization method, plasma method.At present China to the improvement of organic exhaust gas with the most use be exactly activated carbon and fixed bed absorption+catalytic-combustion processing system.This system is that active carbon is seated in fixed bed, then adsorbent bed and catalytic combustion system are combined into cleaning treatment system.
But this system exists a defect, the active carbon adopting is exactly made its regeneration desorption temperature of adsorbent and is generally all controlled at below 140 ℃, and for boiling point, the organic exhaust gas more than 140 ℃ is difficult to desorption to such temperature.And when charcoal absorption after this class gas, carry out above desorption charcoal layer at 140 ℃ and be easy to again glow.Secondly, active carbon desorption is actual to be discharged the VOCs being originally adsorbed in activated carbon capillary exactly again, does not reach the object of elimination.
Absorption is placed on front end by this system, forms very large resistance, affects treatment effect.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of combined apparatus of organic exhaust gas.
This treating apparatus takes organic exhaust gas to carry out oil removing+photoelectricity+adsorption filtration Combined Treatment, comprise degreasing unit, optoelectronic device and adsorption filtration device, it arranged degreasing unit before optoelectronic device, after optoelectronic device, adsorption filtration device is set, optoelectronic device is connected by pipeline with adsorption filtration device.
Degreasing unit is selected from: NACF screen pack, stainless steel wire demister and/or cyclone purifier; Preferably adopt cyclone purifier.The operation principle of cyclone purifier is that waste gas is sent into by tangential inlet, in clarifier, High Rotation Speed produces centrifugal force field, in the large phase of centrifugal action lower density or particle generation centrifugal sedimentation, moves to surrounding, move down along wall, finally discharge from bottom as underflow; The phase that density is little or particle move to centre, and move upward along axis, finally discharge from top as overflow.So just complete and there is the phase of density contrast or the separation of particle.There is very large density contrast in the oil in organic exhaust gas and gas, so cyclone purifier can separate the oil in organic exhaust gas well, obtains good deoiling effect.
Microwave generator, temperature controller, Non-polarized lamp, nano photo-catalytic+catalyst for purifying organic waste gas are set in optoelectronic device, nano photo-catalytic+catalyst for purifying organic waste gas is arranged at the position that Non-polarized lamp can be irradiated to, temperature controller connects microwave generator, and Non-polarized lamp is positioned at the microwave field scope that can reach that microwave generator produces; Microwave generator produces microwave field, excites Non-polarized lamp, and Non-polarized lamp produces high-strength ultraviolet, and photodissociation oxygen produces ozone, the organic pollution that ozone Quick Oxidation metallicity is stronger;
Adsorption filtration device is containing sorbing material and filter assembly, filter assembly is combined into by the filtering cabin filter inner with it, filter appearance arranges filter membrane, filter membrane appearance is adhered to sorbing material, filtering cabin space outside filter membrane connects respectively feed arrangement, device for discharging and optoelectronic device inlet duct afterwards by valve, and filter inner chamber connects pure qi (oxygen) collecting pipe, and the suction tube of feed arrangement connects loading hopper, device for discharging connects ash discharging hole, and pure qi (oxygen) collecting pipe connects pure qi (oxygen) delivery pipe.
In the utility model, filter membrane material is PTFE(polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)) or the composite material that contains PTFE; From consideration with low cost simple and easy to get, the outer PE(polyethylene of the preferred nexine PTFE+ of filter membrane material) composite bed.
In order to increase bond area and the stability of sorbing material, the filter membrane of filter and appearance thereof becomes the folding face (facade waveform) of upper and lower complications together.
Sorbing material can be selected as stronger materials of adsorption capacity such as brown coal, active carbon, activated carbon char, zeolites, can use separately and also can mix use.Consider effect and use cost, it is best that sorbing material is selected brown coal.
The combined apparatus of applying organic exhaust gas of the present utility model mainly comprises following step when organic exhaust gas is carried out to oil removing+photoelectricity+adsorption filtration Combined Treatment,
1) negative pressure method enters the sorbing material in loading hopper filtering cabin and is attached to filter membrane outer surface through suction tube;
2) organic exhaust gas enters after pipeline, first carries out oil removal treatment through cyclone purifier;
3) again through optoelectronic device photodissociation oxidation fission;
4) then through adsorption filtration device adsorption filtration;
5) gas after treatment becomes pure qi (oxygen), by pure qi (oxygen) collecting pipe collect after finally by pure qi (oxygen) discharged;
6) after sorbing material adsorption concentration reaches capacity, shake off in device for discharging by the mode of compressed air blowback, then discharge body by ash discharging hole;
7) sorbing material that burning disposal is discharged.
Organic exhaust gas, through collecting laggard Gas inlet tube, enters degreasing unit, optoelectronic device, adsorption filtration device successively, and through photodissociation oxidation fission and adsorption filtration processing, the last exhaust outlet from adsorption filtration device pure qi (oxygen) delivery pipe gas out reaches discharge standard.Meanwhile, the active adsorbing material in adsorption filtration device constantly contacts waste gas, and adsorption concentration is more and more higher, and the sorbing material of the state that finally reaches capacity is discharged body, burning disposal.
In the utility model, organic exhaust gas photodissociation oxidation fission technology is to adopt microwave field to excite Non-polarized lamp, produces high-strength ultraviolet (current industrial UV/O 3the ultraviolet ray of dosage and energy maximum in uviol lamp), the bond energys such as rapid cracking hydrogen sulfide, ammonia are less than the molecular link of 880kJ/mol, and the photodissociation time is greater than 1s(1~18s, is generally 2~5s, the time, the longer the better); Non-polarized lamp ultraviolet ray photodissociation oxygen produces ozone, and (oxygen O lives 3), the pollutant that ozone Quick Oxidation metallicity is stronger, makes it to generate odorless material.Microwave generator in optoelectronic device is with temperature controller, and it is 15 ℃~38 ℃ that temperature controller regulates microwave generator operating temperature.In the time that microwave generator operating temperature is less than 15 ℃, start the heating system of attemperating unit, when microwave generator operating temperature is during higher than 38 ℃, start the cooling system of attemperating unit.
The ion of nano photo-catalytic is excited to generate electron hole pair under sunshine or the irradiation of other light sources light, both can generate active oxygen and hydroxyl free radical after reacting with aqueous vapor, hole decomposition catalyst (refers to catalyst for purifying organic waste gas, the water generates hydroxyl free radical of adsorption down together), electronics makes its hydrogen reduction around become active ion-oxygen, thereby possess extremely strong redox, the various pollutants of catalyst surface are destroyed.Active oxygen, hydroxyl free radical can become harmless carbon dioxide and water by oxidation Decomposition such as most of organic matter, pollutant, foul smell, bacteriums.
The utility model degreasing unit can adopt cyclone purifier and/or metal filter screen and/or activated carbon fiber material/or other filter and carry out oil removing and rough dusting processing with goods.But the utility model proves to adopt cyclone purifier, to have deoiling effect good, self-cleaning many-sided advantage such as good.
The utility model adopts the waste gas after brown coal, activated carbon char and/or zeolite etc. are fissioned to photodissociation oxidation as sorbing material to carry out adsorption filtration processing.But the utility model proves to adopt brown coal to have many-sided advantage.Brown coal have more micropore and larger specific area, and surface has a lot of hydroxyls, carboxyl isoreactivity group, can, by multiple gases Semi-polarity and nonpolar ion and Molecular Adsorption, secondly, by filtering tiny adsorbent filtering, discharge clean gas.When adsorbent reaches capacity after state, use compressed air vibration cleaning, make it to ash bucket, be transported to boiler room burning, make pernicious gas become CO 2and H 2o.In the time of brown coal operating temperature≤50 ℃, its adsorption effect is better.The utility model uses the brown coal of any granularity of particle diameter in 0.1~0.8mm.Brown coal price is low, and operating cost is low, and advantages of good adsorption effect becomes water and CO after brown coal and waste gas burning 2, non-secondary pollution.The sorbing material of prior art adopts active carbon, and price is expensive, and regeneration technology is difficult to be controlled, and in desorption and regeneration process, waste gas out, can cause secondary pollution.
Adsorption filtration chamber structure is the key technology of adsorbent equipment.Wherein, filter area has determined the disposal ability of whole table apparatus.Filter area is determined according to production capacity and each filtering cabin size.The filter membrane of filter and appearance thereof becomes the folding face of upper and lower warpage together, is beneficial to adhering to of sorbing material, and the sorbing material amount that it adheres to is determined according to production capacity and filter area.
In adsorption filtration treating apparatus, sorbing material is carried also very important.When sorbing material sprays action launching, close inlet duct, close device for discharging, open main air blower, by forming negative pressure at filter inner chamber, sorbing material is adsorbed on to filter outer surface.
Adsorption filtration treating apparatus of the present utility model adsorbs work through after a while, when the pressure reduction at filter import and export place exceedes the numerical value of setting, sorbing material reaches capacity substantially, need to change sorbing material.Now, first close inlet duct, close the suction tube of device for discharging and sorbing material feed arrangement, adopt compressed air to carry out blowback clean, by be adsorbed on that filter filter membrane outer surface adheres to sorbing material shake off the bottom to filtering cabin, open device for discharging, sorbing material is delivered to ash discharging hole by conveying worm, pack sorbing material collecting bag into, then be transported to appointment place burning or do other and process, as being used as boiler oil.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Oil removing+photoelectricity+adsorption filtration combined apparatus schematic diagram of Fig. 1 organic exhaust gas of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 adsorption filtration device structure schematic top plan view;
The enlarged diagram of Fig. 3 filter folding face I.
The specific embodiment
See Fig. 1.
Oil removing+photoelectricity+adsorption filtration combined apparatus of organic exhaust gas, comprise degreasing unit 1, optoelectronic device 2 and adsorption filtration device 3, it arranged degreasing unit 1 before optoelectronic device 2, after optoelectronic device 2, adsorption filtration device 3 is set, optoelectronic device 2 is connected by pipeline with adsorption filtration device 3;
Degreasing unit 1 adopts cyclone purifier.
Interior microwave generator 9, temperature controller 10, Non-polarized lamp 8, the nano photo-catalytic+catalyst for purifying organic waste gas 7 of arranging of optoelectronic device 2, nano photo-catalytic+catalyst for purifying organic waste gas 7 is arranged at the position that Non-polarized lamp 8 can be irradiated to, temperature controller 10 connects microwave generator 9, Non-polarized lamp 8 is positioned at the scope that microwave field that microwave generator 9 produces can reach, and the microwave field that microwave generator 9 produces excites Non-polarized lamp 8;
The filter assembly 14 of adsorption filtration device 3 is combined into by the filtering cabin filter inner with it, filter appearance arranges filter membrane, filter membrane appearance is adhered to sorbing material, filtering cabin space outside filter membrane connects respectively the air intake valve 15 of suction tube 17, device for discharging 13 and optoelectronic device 2 inlet duct 16 afterwards by valve, filter inner chamber connects pure qi (oxygen) collecting pipe 11, suction tube 17 connects loading hopper 20, device for discharging 13 connects ash discharging hole 12, and pure qi (oxygen) collecting pipe 11 connects pure qi (oxygen) delivery pipe 19 by blower fan.Pure qi (oxygen) delivery pipe arranges sample tap 18, is convenient to the sampling to purified gas and detects.Blower motor 21 is connected in the main air blower being arranged between pure qi (oxygen) collecting pipe 11 and pure qi (oxygen) delivery pipe 19.Ash discharge screw machine 22 is placed in the pipeline under device for discharging 13, pushes the sorbing material unloading to ash discharging hole by screw action.
It is the outer composite bed for PE of PTEE that filter membrane is selected nexine.
The filter membrane of filter and appearance thereof becomes the folding face of upper and lower complications together, as Fig. 3.
Sorbing material is selected brown coal.Brown coal particle size range is 0.4~0.8mm.

Claims (6)

1. the combined apparatus of organic exhaust gas, comprise degreasing unit, optoelectronic device and adsorption filtration device, it is characterized in that: in the pipeline before optoelectronic device, degreasing unit is set, after optoelectronic device, adsorption filtration device being set, is to be all connected by pipeline between degreasing unit, optoelectronic device and adsorption filtration device;
Microwave generator, temperature controller, Non-polarized lamp, nano photo-catalytic+catalyst for purifying organic waste gas are set in optoelectronic device, nano photo-catalytic+catalyst for purifying organic waste gas is arranged at the position that Non-polarized lamp can be irradiated to, temperature controller connects microwave generator, and Non-polarized lamp is positioned at the microwave field scope that can reach that microwave generator produces;
Degreasing unit is selected from: NACF screen pack, stainless steel wire demister and/or cyclone purifier;
Adsorption filtration device is containing sorbing material and filter assembly, filter assembly is combined into by the filtering cabin filter inner with it, filter appearance arranges filter membrane, filter membrane appearance is adhered to sorbing material, filtering cabin space outside filter membrane connects respectively feed arrangement, device for discharging and inlet duct by valve, and filter inner chamber connects pure qi (oxygen) collecting pipe, and the suction tube of feed arrangement connects loading hopper, device for discharging connects ash discharging hole, and pure qi (oxygen) collecting pipe connects pure qi (oxygen) delivery pipe.
2. treating apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: degreasing unit adopts cyclone purifier.
3. treating apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the composite material that filter membrane is selected PTEE or contained PTEE.
4. according to the treating apparatus described in claim 1 or 3, it is characterized in that: it is the outer composite bed for PE of PTEE that filter membrane is selected nexine.
5. treating apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the filter membrane of filter and appearance thereof becomes the folding face of upper and lower complications together.
6. treating apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: sorbing material is selected from brown coal, activated carbon char and/or zeolite.
CN201320753305.0U 2013-11-26 2013-11-26 Joint treatment device for organic waste gas Withdrawn - After Issue CN203663702U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320753305.0U CN203663702U (en) 2013-11-26 2013-11-26 Joint treatment device for organic waste gas

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320753305.0U CN203663702U (en) 2013-11-26 2013-11-26 Joint treatment device for organic waste gas

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203663702U true CN203663702U (en) 2014-06-25

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103611418A (en) * 2013-11-26 2014-03-05 中国化学工业桂林工程有限公司 Joint treatment device and method for organic waste gas
CN111289312A (en) * 2020-04-06 2020-06-16 莱西市星脉先进材料技术中心 Gas monitoring method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103611418A (en) * 2013-11-26 2014-03-05 中国化学工业桂林工程有限公司 Joint treatment device and method for organic waste gas
CN103611418B (en) * 2013-11-26 2015-07-22 中国化学工业桂林工程有限公司 Joint treatment device and method for organic waste gas
CN111289312A (en) * 2020-04-06 2020-06-16 莱西市星脉先进材料技术中心 Gas monitoring method

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Granted publication date: 20140625

Effective date of abandoning: 20150722