CN203643856U - Solar double-shaft automatic tracking system - Google Patents

Solar double-shaft automatic tracking system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203643856U
CN203643856U CN201320758228.8U CN201320758228U CN203643856U CN 203643856 U CN203643856 U CN 203643856U CN 201320758228 U CN201320758228 U CN 201320758228U CN 203643856 U CN203643856 U CN 203643856U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
module
solar
tracking system
chip microcomputer
supporting structure
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201320758228.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
汤翁义
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SUZHOU GAOCHUANGTE NEW ENERGY ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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SUZHOU GAOCHUANGTE NEW ENERGY ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201320758228.8U priority Critical patent/CN203643856U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203643856U publication Critical patent/CN203643856U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a solar double-shaft automatic tracking system comprising a solar cell assembly, a main supporting structure used for supporting the solar cell assembly, two stepping motors used for controlling azimuth angle motion and elevation angle motion, an elevation angle sensor, a precision potentiometer, and a single chip microcomputer used for controlling the whole solar double-shaft automatic tracking system. The solar cell assembly is connected with the main supporting structure and the main supporting structure is arranged vertically under the solar cell assembly. The elevation angle sensor and the precision potentiometer are arranged around the solar cell assembly. The solar cell assembly is mutually connected with the elevation angle sensor, the precision potentiometer, and one stepping motor. The main supporting structure is mutually connected with the other stepping motor. The single chip microcomputer is electrically connected with the precision potentiometer, the elevation angle sensor, and the two stepping motors. By means of the above manner, the solar double-shaft automatic tracking system satisfies high-intensity wind-resistant performance while saving material with reasonable structural design and highly-efficient system design.

Description

A kind of solar double-shaft auto-tracking system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of solar energy equipment tracker, particularly relates to a kind of solar double-shaft auto-tracking system.
Background technology
Sun power, as green energy resource, has the features such as potentiality are large, sustainable use, becomes the emphasis that various countries competitively develop.But photovoltaic generation high cost restricts its high speed development.One of solution route is the generated energy that improves unit electricity generation system, makes the flat plate photovoltaic component sensitive surface moment just to the sun.Under identical radiation parameter, adjusting angle pattern can absorb more solar radiation energy than fixed installation photovoltaic module automatically, reduces photovoltaic generation cost thereby reach.Therefore,, in order to adapt to market, we provide one can control solar double-shaft auto-tracking system.
Utility model content
The technical matters that the utility model mainly solves is to provide a kind of solar double-shaft auto-tracking system, high-performance and low-cost and have high wind resistance and can adapt to various rugged surroundings.Not only make solar cell module array as sunflower, follow the tracks of all the time the sun, accept to greatest extent sun power, improve more than 35% than the generated energy of common fixed photovoltaic parallel in system, the electric cost of electricity-generating of every degree reduces 20-30%; And its special structural design and starting material select, strengthen the life-span of Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT), improve the wind resistance of Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT), and made Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) can adapt to the various harsh climates of global different regions.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the utility model adopts is: a kind of solar double-shaft auto-tracking system is provided, comprises: solar module, for the main supporting structure of support solar battery component, two stepper motors for controlling party parallactic angle and elevational movement, elevation sensor, precision resistor with for controlling the single-chip microcomputer of whole solar double-shaft auto-tracking system; Described solar module is connected with described main supporting structure and described main supporting structure is positioned at solar module vertical lower, described elevation sensor and precision resistor are positioned at around described solar module, described solar module and described elevation sensor, precision resistor and a stepper motor interconnect, described main supporting structure and another stepper motor interconnect, and between described single-chip microcomputer and described precision resistor, described elevation sensor and two stepper motors, are electrically connected.
In preferred embodiment of the utility model, described stepper motor is set to respectively elevation angle stepper motor and position angle stepper motor, between described elevation angle stepper motor and described solar module, be electrically connected, between described position angle stepper motor and described main supporting structure, be electrically connected
In preferred embodiment of the utility model, in described solar double-shaft auto-tracking system, further include control circuit, described control circuit is positioned at single-chip microcomputer inside.
In preferred embodiment of the utility model, in described control circuit, include timing module, calculating location module, sensor detection module and receive single-chip microcomputer the motor drive module that sends pulse signal; After being electrically connected, described timing module and calculating location module be electrically connected with described single-chip microcomputer after combined sensor detection module, described stepper motor driving circuit and motor drive module are electrically connected to single-chip microcomputer, thereby described signal flows to timing module, calculating location module, sensor detection module, single-chip microcomputer, stepper motor driving circuit and motor drive module successively.
In preferred embodiment of the utility model, in described single-chip microcomputer, further include elevation angle judge module, elevation angle step motor control module, position angle judge module and position angle step motor control module, described elevation angle judge module and elevation angle step motor control module are electrically connected, described position angle judge module and position angle step motor control module are electrically connected, and described elevation angle judge module and position angle judge module carry out successively by front and back order.
In preferred embodiment of the utility model, in described solar double-shaft auto-tracking system, be further provided with the circulation system, between the described circulation system and single-chip microcomputer, interconnect, in the described circulation system, include and start module, time interval module, judge module, motor rotary module and initialization module; Between described beginning module, time interval module, judge module, motor rotary module and initialization module, interconnect.
In preferred embodiment of the utility model, described solar module and described main supporting structure all adopt steel construction.
In preferred embodiment of the utility model, described main supporting structure is structure as a whole.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the utility model arranges single-chip microcomputer, elevation sensor, close potentiometer and stepper motor in solar double-shaft auto-tracking system, and each device is carried out to systematized connection.Can utilize rational structural design and efficient system, a kind of solar double-shaft auto-tracking system that can meet high strength wind resistance in saving material is provided.
Brief description of the drawings
In order to be illustrated more clearly in the technical scheme in the utility model embodiment, below the accompanying drawing of required use during embodiment is described is briefly described, apparently, accompanying drawing in the following describes is only embodiment more of the present utility model, for those of ordinary skill in the art, do not paying under the prerequisite of creative work, can also obtain according to these accompanying drawings other accompanying drawing, wherein:
Fig. 1 is the system architecture schematic diagram of a kind of solar double-shaft auto-tracking system one preferred embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the control circuit structural representation of a kind of solar double-shaft auto-tracking system one preferred embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the single-chip microcomputer internal circuit schematic diagram of a kind of solar double-shaft auto-tracking system one preferred embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the circulation system schematic diagram of a kind of solar double-shaft auto-tracking system one preferred embodiment of the utility model.
In accompanying drawing, the mark of each parts is as follows: 1, solar module; 2, main supporting structure; 3, stepper motor; 301, elevation angle stepper motor; 302, position angle stepper motor; 4, elevation sensor; 5, precision resistor; 6, single-chip microcomputer.
Embodiment
To the technical scheme in the utility model embodiment be clearly and completely described below, obviously, described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present utility model, instead of whole embodiment.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making all other embodiment that obtain under creative work prerequisite, all belong to the scope of the utility model protection.
Refer to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, the utility model embodiment provides following technical scheme.
In one embodiment, a kind of solar double-shaft auto-tracking system, comprising: solar module 1, for the main supporting structure 2 of support solar battery component 1, two stepper motors 3 for controlling party parallactic angle and elevational movement, elevation sensor 4, precision resistor 5 with for controlling the single-chip microcomputer 6 of whole solar double-shaft auto-tracking system; Described solar module 1 is connected with described main supporting structure 2 and described main supporting structure 2 is positioned at solar module 1 vertical lower, described elevation sensor 4 and precision resistor 5 are positioned at described solar module 1 around, described solar module 1 interconnects with described elevation sensor 4, precision resistor 5 and a stepper motor 3, described main supporting structure 2 and another stepper motor 3 interconnect, and between described single-chip microcomputer 6 and described precision resistor 5, described elevation sensor 4 and two stepper motors 3, are electrically connected.
Described elevation sensor 4 is for detection of the elevation angle of photovoltaic module, and described precision resistor 5 is for detection of the position angle of photovoltaic module.Described single-chip microcomputer 6, for driving position angle stepper motor 302 and elevation angle stepper motor 301, makes solar module 1 all the time just to the sun.
This solar double-shaft auto-tracking system is made up of main mechanical support structure, position angle drive mechanism, elevation angle drive mechanism, described solar double-shaft auto-tracking system adopts active tracking, by controller drive two stepper motors 3 with realize solar module 1 at level and vertical direction simultaneously just to the sun, it is vertical with sunray to realize the solar module 1 surface moment, receives to greatest extent solar energy.
Be different from prior art, in one embodiment, described stepper motor 3 is set to respectively elevation angle stepper motor 301 and position angle stepper motor 302, between described elevation angle stepper motor 301 and described solar module 1, be electrically connected, between described position angle stepper motor 302 and described main supporting structure 2, be electrically connected.
In described solar double-shaft auto-tracking system, further include control circuit, described control circuit is positioned at the inside of single-chip microcomputer 6.
Preferably, described control circuit includes timing module, calculating location module, sensor detection module, stepper motor driving circuit and reception single-chip microcomputer 6 and sends the motor drive module of pulse signal; After being electrically connected, described timing module and calculating location module be electrically connected with described single-chip microcomputer 6 after combined sensor detection module, described stepper motor driving circuit and motor drive module are electrically connected to single-chip microcomputer 6, thereby described signal flows to timing module, calculating location module, sensor detection module, single-chip microcomputer 6, stepper motor driving circuit and motor drive module successively.
Preferably, in described single-chip microcomputer internal circuit, further include elevation angle judge module, elevation angle stepper motor 301 control modules, position angle judge module and position angle stepper motor 302 control modules, described elevation angle judge module and elevation angle stepper motor 301 control modules are electrically connected, described position angle judge module and position angle stepper motor 302 control modules are electrically connected, and described elevation angle judge module and position angle judge module carry out successively by front and back order.
Preferably, in described solar double-shaft auto-tracking system, be further provided with the circulation system, between the described circulation system and single-chip microcomputer 6, interconnect, in the described circulation system, include and start module, time interval module, judge module, motor rotary module and initialization module; Between described beginning module, time interval module, judge module, motor rotary module and initialization module, interconnect.
Preferably, described solar double-shaft auto-tracking system calculates the current time according to timing module, comprises date ordinal number in 1 year and current moment on the same day.Then determine sunrise and the sunset time on the same day according to sun set/raise time computing module, so that the time that judges is at that time whether after sunrise before sunset.In program computation process, utilize sun altitude and position angle to calculate the position that module is calculated the current sun, the position of simultaneously feeding back current photovoltaic module by elevation sensor 4 and precision resistor 5, and poor with current position of sun.Described single-chip microcomputer 6 calculates respectively angle and the sense of rotation thereof that current tracking means height and orientation need to be adjusted, and provides subsequently pulse signal Driving Stepping Motor 3.
Be in course of adjustment, first adjust the elevation angle, judge the positive and negative of elevation angle difference, drive the stepper motor 301 of vertical direction to rotate.After elevation angle stepper motor 301 stops the rotation, adjust position angle, judge that position angle is positive and negative, drive position angle stepper motor 302 to rotate corresponding angle according to deviation.
After one secondary tracking, after certain time interval, system extraction time calculating again, judgement, rotating stepper motor 3.When sunset time then, control step motor 3 rotate to next day the sun rise position and restPose.
Described solar module 1 all adopts steel construction with described main supporting structure 2, the maximum wind velocity that this device can bear is in the horizontal direction 180Km/h, the maximum wind velocity that can bear in 60 degree directions is 80Km/h, thereby can be used in the severe outdoor use occasion of some environment.
Described main supporting structure 2 is structure as a whole, and is convenient to produce and install, and has also reduced the overall weight of support simultaneously, and cost is lower.
High-performance and low-cost provided by the utility model and there is high wind resistance and can adapt to the solar double-shaft auto-tracking system of various rugged surroundings, not only make solar cell module array as sunflower, follow the tracks of all the time the sun, accept to greatest extent sun power.And improve more than 35% than the generated energy of common fixed photovoltaic parallel in system, the electric cost of electricity-generating of every degree reduces 20-30%.The structural design that it is special and starting material are selected, and have strengthened the life-span of Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT), have improved the wind resistance of Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT), and have made Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) can adapt to the various harsh climates of global different regions.
The foregoing is only embodiment of the present utility model; not thereby limit the scope of the claims of the present utility model; every equivalent structure or conversion of equivalent flow process that utilizes the utility model instructions and accompanying drawing content to do; or be directly or indirectly used in other relevant technical field, be all in like manner included in scope of patent protection of the present utility model.

Claims (8)

1. a solar double-shaft auto-tracking system, is characterized in that: comprising: solar module (1), for the main supporting structure (2) of support solar battery component, two stepper motors (3) for controlling party parallactic angle and elevational movement, elevation sensor (4), precision resistor (5) with for controlling the single-chip microcomputer (6) of whole solar double-shaft auto-tracking system; Described solar module is connected with described main supporting structure and described main supporting structure is positioned at solar module vertical lower, described elevation sensor and precision resistor are positioned at around described solar module, described solar module and described elevation sensor, precision resistor and a stepper motor interconnect, another stepper motor of described main supporting structure interconnects, and between described single-chip microcomputer and described precision resistor, described elevation sensor and two stepper motors, is electrically connected.
2. a kind of solar double-shaft auto-tracking system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described stepper motor is set to respectively elevation angle stepper motor (301) and position angle stepper motor (302), between described elevation angle stepper motor and described solar module, be electrically connected, between described position angle stepper motor and described main supporting structure, be electrically connected.
3. a kind of solar double-shaft auto-tracking system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described solar double-shaft auto-tracking system, further include control circuit, described control circuit is positioned at single-chip microcomputer inside.
4. a kind of solar double-shaft auto-tracking system according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described control circuit includes timing module, calculating location module, sensor detection module and receive single-chip microcomputer the motor drive module that sends pulse signal; After being electrically connected, described timing module and calculating location module be electrically connected with described single-chip microcomputer after combined sensor detection module, described single-chip microcomputer and described motor drive module are electrically connected, thereby described signal flows to timing module, calculating location module, sensor detection module, single-chip microcomputer and motor drive module successively.
5. a kind of solar double-shaft auto-tracking system according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: in described single-chip microcomputer, further include elevation angle judge module, elevation angle step motor control module, position angle judge module and position angle step motor control module, described elevation angle judge module and elevation angle step motor control module are electrically connected, described position angle judge module and position angle step motor control module are electrically connected, and described elevation angle judge module and position angle judge module carry out successively by front and back order.
6. a kind of solar double-shaft auto-tracking system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described solar double-shaft auto-tracking system, be further provided with the circulation system, between the described circulation system and single-chip microcomputer, interconnect, in the described circulation system, include and start module, time interval module, judge module, motor rotary module and initialization module; Between described beginning module, time interval module, judge module, motor rotary module and initialization module, interconnect.
7. a kind of solar double-shaft auto-tracking system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described solar module and described main supporting structure all adopt steel construction.
8. a kind of solar double-shaft auto-tracking system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described main supporting structure is structure as a whole.
CN201320758228.8U 2013-11-27 2013-11-27 Solar double-shaft automatic tracking system Expired - Fee Related CN203643856U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320758228.8U CN203643856U (en) 2013-11-27 2013-11-27 Solar double-shaft automatic tracking system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320758228.8U CN203643856U (en) 2013-11-27 2013-11-27 Solar double-shaft automatic tracking system

Publications (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103616898A (en) * 2013-11-27 2014-03-05 苏州高创特新能源工程有限公司 Solar double-axis automatic tracking system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103616898A (en) * 2013-11-27 2014-03-05 苏州高创特新能源工程有限公司 Solar double-axis automatic tracking system

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20140611

Termination date: 20161127