CN203633238U - Circular arch greenhouse with heat preserving and sunshading sliding blocks - Google Patents

Circular arch greenhouse with heat preserving and sunshading sliding blocks Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203633238U
CN203633238U CN201320565992.3U CN201320565992U CN203633238U CN 203633238 U CN203633238 U CN 203633238U CN 201320565992 U CN201320565992 U CN 201320565992U CN 203633238 U CN203633238 U CN 203633238U
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China
Prior art keywords
greenhouse
circular arch
slide block
heat preserving
steel
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201320565992.3U
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Chinese (zh)
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田国
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田国
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The utility model relates to a circular arch greenhouse with heat preserving and sunshading sliding blocks. The cross section of a greenhouse body is in the shape of a circular arch without a back wall, the greenhouse body is constructed by a plurality of circular arch frameworks concurrently in charge of track slots 1 with H-shaped sections and horizontal pull rods 5, rigid heat preserving and sunshading sliding blocks 2 are inlaid between the track slots of the circular arch frameworks concurrently in charge of track slots 1 with the H-shaped sections, a fixed heat preserving greenhouse surface 3 covers the nightside of the circular arch greenhouse body, a lighting greenhouse surface 4 covers the sunny side of the circular arch greenhouse body, draw cords 6 are arranged at the ends of the rigid heat preserving and sunshading sliding blocks, and the rigid heat preserving and sunshading sliding blocks can slide between the H-shaped track slots when the draw cords are drawn. During sunshine in winter, the rigid heat preserving and sunshading sliding blocks slide to the fixed heat preserving greenhouse surface, sunshine is emitted to heat the greenhouse, after the sunshine fades, the rigid heat preserving and sunshading sliding blocks slide to the lighting greenhouse surface to be in butt joint with the fixed heat preserving greenhouse surface, and the heat preserving greenhouse is completely sealed; during sunshine in summer, the heat preserving and sunshading sliding blocks slide to lighting greenhouse surface to shield the sunshine to cool the greenhouse.

Description

With the circular arch greenhouse of insulation sunshade slide block
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of greenhouse.
Background technology
Present greenhouse is divided into attached-greenhouse and single-ridgepole glasshouse, and attached-greenhouse does not have lagging facility more, must be by often heating, and consumption mass energy and cost are high, common single-ridgepole glasshouse often adopts the rear wall of sun-dried mud brick (or masonry), before take the little arched girder frame in slope, the straw screen or mat of 3-5 cm thick or cotton-wadded quilt insulation, its shortcoming is: after sun-dried mud brick (or masonry), wall is not only built and wasted time and energy, construction cost high (accounting for a greater part of of cost), insulating efficiency is low, chance heavy rain or the soaked damage of easily caving in are hurted sb.'s feelings, and after high, wall keeps the sun off, before and after making, greenhouse must keep certain spacing, reduce land utilization rate, before take the little arched girder frame in slope owing to approaching parallel ground, meeting large snow disaster is often collapsed by pressure, straw screen or mat or cotton-wadded quilt are incubated that insulating efficiency is low especially, service life is short, fear sleet wind, folding and unfolding is wasted time and energy.Also have common masonry structure human settlements building, not only thick and heavy with material, build loaded down with trivial details, can't effectively resist wind and snow and earthquake.The answer addressing the above problem is not difficult to find: that is exactly Chinese arch bridge in mankind ancestors' wisdom! A very thin stone arch could bear the load of tens up to a hundred tons, is tens hundreds of times of same isoline material load-bearing! Do are mankind ancestors again the wisdom obtaining wherefrom? the Nature! Mankind ancestors observe: in the Nature; many animals are all own most important organ---brain and than also important thing of own life----child; only with one deck not thick but become bone shell or the chorion of spheroidal to wrap up; and inferior important health internal organs, also with the rib of dome-shaped or the crust of dome-shaped protect one by one.
Summary of the invention
The utility model is to have used for reference Chinese arch bridge principle and chorion, framing system, one to existing single-ridgepole glasshouse and human settlements building is improved design, and single-ridgepole glasshouse construction cost, anti-sleet wind performance, the time saving and energy saving performance of folding and unfolding, Winter protection performance and cooling in summer performance are all greatly improved, make the construction cost of human settlements building, anti-sleet wind performance, anti-seismic performance, Winter protection performance and cooling in summer performance are all greatly improved, the technical solution of the utility model is: a kind of circular arch greenhouse with insulation sunshade slide block, comprise " work " shaped sections circular arch skeleton rail groove 1 of holding concurrently, rigidity insulation sunshade slide block 2, fixing heat-insulating greenhouse face 3, daylighting greenhouse face 4, drag link 5, stay cord 6, it is characterized by: greenhouse body cross-section is the dome-shaped that there is no rear wall, built by hold concurrently rail groove 1 and drag link 5 of many " work " shaped sections circular arch skeletons, " work " shaped sections circular arch skeleton is held concurrently and between the rail groove of rail groove 1, is inlaid with rigidity insulation sunshade slide block 2, on the opaco of dome-shaped greenhouse main body, be coated with fixing heat-insulating greenhouse face 3, on the sunny slope of dome-shaped greenhouse main body, be coated with daylighting greenhouse face 4, rigidity insulation sunshade slide block 2 ends are provided with stay cord 6, pull stay cord 6 can make rigidity insulation sunshade slide block 2 slide between " work " shaped sections circular arch skeleton is held concurrently the rail groove of rail groove 1.When sunlight, be incubated sunshade slide block by rigidity and slide into fixing heat-insulating greenhouse face place winter, allows sunlight inject the greenhouse of heating, and sunlight is incubated sunshade slide block by rigidity and slides into daylighting greenhouse face place after retreating, and docks closed allround heat-insulating greenhouse with fixing heat-insulating greenhouse face; When sunlight, be incubated sunshade slide block by rigidity and slide into daylighting greenhouse face place summer, keeps the sun off as greenhouse cooling.Rigidity being incubated when sunlight to sunshade slide block summer, to slide into daylighting greenhouse face place be greenhouse sunshade, daylighting problem in greenhouse can be moved ground to by offering multi-layer transparent heat insulation window 17 and rigidity is not incubated to sunshade slide block on fixing heat-insulating greenhouse face, rigidity insulation sunshade slide block, and leave a segment distance with ground, allow sunlight can not direct projection enter the mode that greenhouse but can allow diffused ray can enter greenhouse and solve." work " shaped sections circular arch skeleton rail groove 1 of holding concurrently has the structure of plurality of optional: standard I-steel a; Flange channel-section steel b(hidden " work " word top rail I-steel); A few word steel c(hidden " work " word top rail I-steel); Thick riser adds horizontal thin plate d(hidden " work " word top rail I-steel); Attached dull and stereotyped I-steel e under lower edge truss on channel-section steel; Attached dull and stereotyped I-steel f under lower edge truss in square tube.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: having omitted normal greenhouse construction wastes time and energy, construction cost high (accounting for a greater part of of cost), insulating efficiency is low, chance heavy rain or the soaked damage of easily caving in are hurted sb.'s feelings, reduce the rear wall of sun-dried mud brick (or masonry) of land utilization rate, " work " shaped sections circular arch skeleton rail groove of holding concurrently is not only used the thin province of material, cheap, and improve the wind resistance in greenhouse, the performance of anti-crushing by snow, the rigidity insulation sunshade slide block of light-weight water-proof substitutes straw screen or mat or cotton-wadded quilt, not only greatly improve insulating efficiency, service life, anti-sleet wind performance, and folding and unfolding is time saving and energy saving.Not only that, in the time that the utility model is jumped out agricultural production for the building field of human living, production, it has made up the shortcoming of routine building to sunlight underutilization, makes building can open wide mind at cold day and collects to greatest extent this most green the most cheap energy----solar energy! (note: routine building east, south, west, north, five faces that push up have wall, the only part area daylighting of windowing on wall in the south, the cold day sunlight amount of injecting is very limited, and this greenhouse can all-round daylighting, fully in hot room, and after sunlight is retreated, the slide block that closes is fully greenhouse heat-insulating) its superpower insulation, sunshade, collect sunlight, anti-hurricane, anti-crushing by snow, anti-macroseism performance, and material is recyclable, recycling, reduce the discharge of building waste and the cost cheaper with building than normal greenhouse, bring energy-conservation to people, when safety, the energy crisis of the earth will be alleviated effectively!
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is further illustrated:
Fig. 1 is overall structure schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is partial structurtes schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation that " work " of the present utility model shaped sections circular arch skeleton is held concurrently rail groove various ways.
Fig. 4 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 5 be of the present utility model on fixing heat-insulating greenhouse face, rigidity insulation sunshade slide block, offer multi-layer transparent heat insulation window 17 and rigidity be not incubated to sunshade slide block move ground to, and leave a segment distance with ground, allow sunlight can not direct projection enter greenhouse and but can allow diffused ray can enter the structural representation in greenhouse.
1. " work " shaped sections circular arch skeleton rail groove of holding concurrently in figure, 2. rigidity insulation sunshade slide block, 3. fixing heat-insulating greenhouse face, 4. daylighting greenhouse face, 5. drag link, 6. stay cord, 7. winch, 8.San Cengchang building, 9. multi-layer transparent heat insulation window.
Embodiment
In Fig. 1, 1 is " work " shaped sections circular arch skeleton rail groove of holding concurrently, by thin-walled " work " shaped steel, (or cold bending thin wall steel, aluminium section bar, plastic-steel) stretch bending makes, technique is simple, 2 is rigidity insulation sunshade slide block, adding bound edge by light-weight foam warming plate protects frame and forms, 3 is fixing heat-insulating greenhouse face, covering waterproof antiultraviolet plate outward by light-weight foam warming plate forms, 4 is daylighting greenhouse face, by multi-layer transparent glass plate (or transparent plastic sheet, or overlay) form, rigidity insulation sunshade slide block 2 ends are provided with stay cord 6, pull stay cord 6 can make rigidity insulation sunshade slide block 2 slide between " work " shaped sections circular arch skeleton is held concurrently the rail groove of rail groove 1.When sunlight, be incubated sunshade slide block by rigidity and slide into fixing heat-insulating greenhouse face place winter, allows sunlight inject the greenhouse of heating, and sunlight is incubated sunshade slide block by rigidity and slides into daylighting greenhouse face place after retreating, and docks closed allround heat-insulating greenhouse with fixing heat-insulating greenhouse face; When sunlight, be incubated sunshade slide block by rigidity and slide into daylighting greenhouse face place summer, keeps the sun off as greenhouse cooling.A greenhouse like this, in the winter of this percentage of possible sunshine in Beijing area, use hardly extra heating system, can maintain indoor temperature more than 18 ℃ by the luminous energy of the sun and self superpower heat-insulating property, can also be at fixing heat-insulating greenhouse face, solar panel is laid at the top of daylighting greenhouse face, for the electric appliance in whole greenhouse, especially disaster area, forest fire protection district, the road maintenance of high ferro high speed, nomadic area, field military operation, the non-Electric regions such as outdoor travel, need not lay supply line, can reach self-sufficiency completely, the greenhouse in nearly electrical network area, electric weight more than needed can be sold national grid, and it is indoor owing to not having heating of sunlight can become very shady and cool, thereby omit air-conditioning.
In Fig. 2, show the virtual condition that rigidity insulation sunshade slide block 2 slides between " work " shaped sections circular arch skeleton is held concurrently the rail groove of rail groove 1, small-sized greenhouse rigidity insulation sunshade slide block adds bound edge to be protected frame and can easily pull, and large-scale greenhouse can spray poly-four Buddhist ethene on rail groove, and protect the poly-four Buddhist ethene cushion block (notes: polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is the most sliding in known materials of cushioning under frame at bound edge, also more sliding than ice face), or multiple spot installs roller additional.
In Fig. 3, show " work " shaped sections circular arch skeleton multiple possible structure of rail groove 1 of holding concurrently: point Fig. 3 (a) also crosses " H " shaped steel coming for standard I-steel a(); Dividing Fig. 3 (b) is flange channel-section steel (hidden " work " word top rail I-steel) b; Dividing Fig. 3 (c) is a few word steel (hidden " work " word top rail I-steel) c; Divide Fig. 3 (d) to add horizontal thin plate d(hidden " work " word top rail I-steel for thick riser); Point Fig. 3 (e) is attached dull and stereotyped I-steel e under lower edge truss on channel-section steel; Point Fig. 3 (f) is attached dull and stereotyped word steel f under lower edge truss in square tube.
In Fig. 4, greenhouse covers Liao Sancengchang building 8, pulls huge rigidity to be incubated sunshade slide block with winch 7, also a pipe is laid in bottom in the back, being fixed on pipe of all stay cords, pipe, being connected with motor reducer system, is realized electric up-down slide block.
In Fig. 5, rigidity being incubated when sunlight to sunshade slide block summer, to slide into daylighting greenhouse face place be greenhouse sunshade, daylighting problem in greenhouse can be moved ground to by offering multi-layer transparent heat insulation window 9 and rigidity is not incubated to sunshade slide block on fixing heat-insulating greenhouse face, rigidity insulation sunshade slide block, and leave a segment distance with ground, allow sunlight can not direct projection enter the mode that greenhouse but can allow diffused ray can enter greenhouse and solve.
Theory and practice all proves that the thermal discharge of greenhouse daylighting face accounts for the 80-90 ﹪ of greenhouse entirety thermal discharge, thermal discharge underground and that other is local only accounts for 10-20 ﹪, this case has not only solved heat release in the winter problem of lighting surface, and solve greenhouse over-heating in summer problem, huge effect, by the insulation with its advanced person, cooling, wind resistance, anti-seismic performance, has been given play in this greenhouse in the construction such as agricultural production, sight-seeing agriculture, ecological dining room, industrial premises, commercial building, residential quarters, anti-high wind building, module type movable lightly constructed and simply equipped building.

Claims (3)

1. the circular arch greenhouse with insulation sunshade slide block, comprise " work " shaped sections circular arch skeleton rail groove (1) of holding concurrently, rigidity insulation sunshade slide block (2), fixing heat-insulating greenhouse face (3), daylighting greenhouse face (4), drag link (5), stay cord (6), it is characterized by: greenhouse body cross-section is the dome-shaped that there is no rear wall, built by hold concurrently rail groove (1) and drag link (5) of many " work " shaped sections circular arch skeletons, " work " shaped sections circular arch skeleton is held concurrently and between the rail groove of rail groove (1), is inlaid with rigidity insulation sunshade slide block (2), on the opaco of dome-shaped greenhouse main body, be coated with fixing heat-insulating greenhouse face (3), on the sunny slope of dome-shaped greenhouse main body, be coated with daylighting greenhouse face (4), rigidity insulation sunshade slide block (2) end is provided with stay cord (6), pull stay cord (6) can make rigidity insulation sunshade slide block (2) slide between " work " shaped sections circular arch skeleton is held concurrently the rail groove of rail groove (1).
2. the circular arch greenhouse with insulation sunshade slide block according to claim 1, is characterized by: " work " shaped sections circular arch skeleton rail groove (1) of holding concurrently has the structure of plurality of optional: standard I-steel (a); Flange channel-section steel (b); A few word steel (c); Thick riser adds horizontal thin plate (d); Attached dull and stereotyped I-steel (e) under lower edge truss on channel-section steel; Attached dull and stereotyped I-steel (f) under lower edge truss in square tube.
3. the circular arch greenhouse with insulation sunshade slide block according to claim 1, is characterized by: on fixing heat-insulating greenhouse face, rigidity insulation sunshade slide block, offer multi-layer transparent heat insulation window (9).
CN201320565992.3U 2013-09-12 2013-09-12 Circular arch greenhouse with heat preserving and sunshading sliding blocks Expired - Fee Related CN203633238U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104335840A (en) * 2014-10-11 2015-02-11 沈阳农业大学 Sunlight greenhouse adopting hard body thermal insulation
CN106094645A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-11-09 南京为绿生物科技有限公司 Farmland based on technology of Internet of things intelligence automatic multi-function protection canopy
CN106105886A (en) * 2016-07-30 2016-11-16 北京明和技研科技有限公司 A kind of automatic shutter warmhouse booth using light heat insulation material
CN107231977A (en) * 2017-07-12 2017-10-10 苏州星川园艺绿化有限公司 Gardening greenhouse system
CN107593187A (en) * 2017-11-08 2018-01-19 范科晨 One kind is used for roof greening chute plantation wind-proof device

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104335840A (en) * 2014-10-11 2015-02-11 沈阳农业大学 Sunlight greenhouse adopting hard body thermal insulation
WO2016054846A1 (en) * 2014-10-11 2016-04-14 黄文永 Hard thermally-insulating solar greenhouse
CN104335840B (en) * 2014-10-11 2017-02-15 沈阳农业大学 Sunlight greenhouse adopting hard body thermal insulation
CN106094645A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-11-09 南京为绿生物科技有限公司 Farmland based on technology of Internet of things intelligence automatic multi-function protection canopy
CN106094645B (en) * 2016-07-28 2018-09-21 南京为绿生物科技有限公司 Farmland intelligence automatic multi-function protection canopy based on technology of Internet of things
CN106105886A (en) * 2016-07-30 2016-11-16 北京明和技研科技有限公司 A kind of automatic shutter warmhouse booth using light heat insulation material
CN107231977A (en) * 2017-07-12 2017-10-10 苏州星川园艺绿化有限公司 Gardening greenhouse system
CN107593187A (en) * 2017-11-08 2018-01-19 范科晨 One kind is used for roof greening chute plantation wind-proof device

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20140611

Termination date: 20160912