CN203588796U - Special underwater transformer - Google Patents

Special underwater transformer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203588796U
CN203588796U CN201320539528.7U CN201320539528U CN203588796U CN 203588796 U CN203588796 U CN 203588796U CN 201320539528 U CN201320539528 U CN 201320539528U CN 203588796 U CN203588796 U CN 203588796U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
transformer
shell
housing
water
fin
Prior art date
Application number
CN201320539528.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
戴中和
黄金新
戴也皓
Original Assignee
申大变压器有限公司
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Publication date
Application filed by 申大变压器有限公司 filed Critical 申大变压器有限公司
Priority to CN201320539528.7U priority Critical patent/CN203588796U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203588796U publication Critical patent/CN203588796U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a special underwater transformer and aims to provide a special underwater transformer. The special underwater transformer is characterized by comprising a transformer body, wherein an iron core, a lead and a coil winding are arranged in the transformer body, the coil winding winds the iron core, the transformer body is arranged in a closed shell, the shell comprises an inner shell and an outer shell, a plurality of cooling fins are arranged between the inner shell and the transformer body, the inner shell and the transformer body are fixedly connected with each other through the cooling fins, a water circulation device comprises a submerged pump, a water inlet and a water outlet are formed in the outer shell, the submerged pump is arranged outside the outer shell and comprises a water discharge port and a guide pipe, the guide pipe is connected with the water discharge port and the water inlet in a guide mode, a propeller and a waterproof motor are arranged between the outer shell and the inner shell, and the waterproof motor drives the propeller to rotate. According to the special underwater transformer, cooling performances in underwater environments are better, and service life is longer.

Description

A kind of Special underwater transformer
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of transformer manufacture technology, and more particularly, it relates to a kind of Special underwater transformer.
Background technology
Transformer is to utilize the principle of electromagnetic induction to change the device of alternating voltage, and main member is primary coil, secondary coil and iron core (magnetic core).Major function has: voltage transformation, current transformation, impedance transformation, isolation, voltage stabilizing (magnetic saturation transformer) etc.By purposes, can be divided into: distribution transformer, power transformer, full-sealed transformer, combined transformer, dry-type transformer, oil-filled transformer, single-phase transformer, furnace transformer, rectifier transformer etc.
At present, in order to adapt to the workplace of various varying environments, the appearance on market a kind of Special underwater transformer, because if transformer is placed in control cubicle on the bank, transformer is away from the electrical appliance of underwater operation, and the electric current after step-down in circuit can increase, thereby increases energy consumption.
Wherein, application number is that 201120484653.3 Chinese patent discloses a kind of Special underwater transformer, it comprises iron core and is wrapped in wire winding conducting wire two ends on iron core input and the output of connection transformer respectively, described in be wrapped in wire on iron core and make to be provided with the conductor wire of water-proof jacket; The input of described transformer and output are located at respectively in airtight box body, described box body consists of upper cover and lower cover, the lower cover of box body has the wiring hole that wears wire, and described wire is connected with the terminals in box body by wiring hole, between wire and wiring hole, is provided with sealing ring.
Although this Special underwater transformer has added water-proof jacket in coil windings, than original waterproof effect better, more reliable,, only by above-mentioned change, the radiating effect of transformer itself is not had to much liftings; And, use for a long time under water, although specific heat of water holds greatly, heat absorption capacity is strong, Chang Zuowei coolant, can be because water is hot non-conductor, radiating rate is slow, the underwater environment not circulating at some, ambient temperature is high, after transformer raises the water temperature of periphery by heat radiation, water can not distribute self heat in time, causes transformer water temperature around high, causes transformer to dispel the heat nowhere, finally burn out Inside coil, particularly powerful transformer is not more easily because internal temperature obtains discharging and burning out in time.
Utility model content
The deficiency existing for prior art, the purpose of this utility model is to provide that a kind of performance of function of environment heat emission is under water better, longer Special underwater transformer of mission life-span.
For achieving the above object, the utility model provides following technical scheme: a kind of Special underwater transformer, comprise transformer body, described transformer body inside is provided with iron core, wire and is wrapped in the coil windings on iron core, described transformer body is located in airtight housing, described housing comprises inner housing and shell body, is provided with some fin and by fin, is fixedly connected with between the two between inner housing and transformer body; Described housing is also provided with for making the mobile water circle device of water generates; Described water circle device comprises immersible pump, and described shell body is provided with water inlet and delivery port, and immersible pump is located at outside shell body, and immersible pump comprises discharge outlet and conduit, and described conduit conducting connects discharge outlet and water inlet.
By adopting technique scheme, between shell body and transformer body, by fin, be fixedly connected with, not only changed the annexation between inner housing and transformer body, area of dissipation, the heat dissipation capacity of transformer body have also been increased, also make inner housing become a part for transformer body heat radiation, kill two birds with one stone; Because specific heat of water holds large, can only serve as a kind of outstanding cooling agent, the heat dissipation conductor that has not been, therefore, the current of water circle device around can driving transformer body are set in housing and produce motion, under the underwater environment not circulating at some, ambient temperature is high, in the mode of convection current, transmit, take away self heat, thereby be reduced in transformer body water temperature around, to guarantee the radiating effect of water to transformer; Meanwhile, increase flowing of water and can also prevent stagnant water, thereby avoid producing in water microbiologic(al) corrosion wire, transformer, and temperature is uneven in temperature everywhere to cause transformer, increases the useful life of described transformer; Water inlet and delivery port are set on shell body, water suction and the drain function of recycling immersible pump, make immersible pump absorb the water of periphery, then by water inlet, enter the cavity volume between shell body and inner housing, finally from delivery port, get rid of again, circulation thus, thus reach the effect that makes water generates mobile; Due to immersible pump technology maturation, can be applicable to various environment, therefore, described water circle device equipment is simple, practical.
The utility model is further set to: between described shell body and inner housing, be provided with screw and waterproof machine, waterproof machine drives screw to rotate.
By adopting technique scheme, between shell body and inner housing, screw is set, and utilizes the rotation of waterproof machine driving screw, further increased the speed of the current of transformer periphery, make transformer water temperature around can keep low temperature always.
The utility model is further set to: described some fin are covered with transformer body surface.
By adopting technique scheme, fin is covered with to transformer body surface, both strengthened the bonding strength of transformer and housing, can also make the surface of transformer without heat radiation dead angle, transformer internal temperature is even.
The utility model is further set to: described housing is provided with wiring hole, and wiring hole is equipped with wire, and the two ends of wire are connection transformer body and electrical appliance respectively; Between described wiring hole and wire, be provided with teflin ring.
By adopting technique scheme, polytetrafluoroethylmaterial material is high temperature resistant, low temperature resistant, antiacid alkali resistant not only, also corrosion-resistant, adopt the sealing ring of polytetrafluoroethylmaterial material, can guarantee the mission life-span of sealing ring, and be applicable to the underwater environment of various water quality, avoid sealing property to lose efficacy, cause transformer water inlet, have an accident.
The utility model is further set to: described fin is made by thermal conductive metallic material.
By adopting technique scheme, the heat conductivility of metal material is better than water conventionally, the fin made from metal material has not only strengthened the heat dispersion of described transformer, and the thermal conductivity of metal is better, inside and outside temperature difference when heating and cooling is less, and the internal stress of generation is also just less, thus, utilize fin to carry out support housing, just be more not easy to occur crackle and distortion.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model Special underwater transformer embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the partial enlarged drawing at the A place in this Fig. 1.
Reference numeral: 1, transformer body; 11, iron core; 12, coil windings; 13, wire; 14, fin; 2, housing; 21, shell body; 22, inner housing; 23, water circle device; 231, immersible pump; 232, discharge outlet; 233, conduit; 24, screw; 25, waterproof machine; 26, water inlet; 27, delivery port; 28, wiring hole; 29, sealing ring.
Embodiment
Referring to figs. 1 through Fig. 2, the utility model Special underwater transformer embodiment is described further.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 2, a kind of Special underwater transformer, comprise transformer body 1, described transformer body 1 inside is provided with iron core 11, wire 13 and is wrapped in the coil windings 12 on iron core 11, described transformer body 1 is located in airtight housing 2, described housing 2 comprises inner housing 22 and shell body 21, is provided with some fin 14 and by fin 14, is fixedly connected with between the two between inner housing 22 and transformer body 1; Described housing 2 is also provided with for making the mobile water circle device of water generates 23; Described water circle device 23 comprises immersible pump 231, described shell body 21 is provided with water inlet 26 and delivery port 27, immersible pump 231 is located at outside shell body 21, and immersible pump 231 comprises discharge outlet 232 and conduit 233, and described conduit 233 conductings connect discharge outlet 232 and water inlet 26.
Between shell body 21 and transformer body 1, by fin 14, be fixedly connected with, not only changed the annexation between inner housing 22 and transformer body 1, area of dissipation, the heat dissipation capacity of transformer body 1 have also been increased, also make inner housing 22 become the part that transformer body 1 dispels the heat, kill two birds with one stone; Because specific heat of water holds large, can only serve as a kind of outstanding cooling agent, the heat dissipation conductor that has not been, therefore, at the interior current of water circle device 23 around can driving transformer body 1 that arrange of housing 2, produce motion, under the underwater environment not circulating at some, ambient temperature is high, in the mode of convection current, transmit, take away self heat, thereby be reduced in transformer body 1 water temperature around, to guarantee the radiating effect of water to transformer; Meanwhile, increase flowing of water and can also prevent stagnant water, thereby avoid producing in water microbiologic(al) corrosion wire 13, transformer, and temperature is uneven in temperature everywhere to cause transformer, increases the useful life of described transformer; Water inlet 26 and delivery port 27 are set on shell body 21, water suction and the drain function of recycling immersible pump 231, make immersible pump 231 absorb the water of periphery, then by water inlet 26, enter the cavity volume between shell body 21 and inner housing 22, finally from delivery port 27, get rid of again, circulation thus, thus reach the effect that makes water generates mobile; Due to immersible pump 231 technology maturations, can be applicable to various environment, therefore, described water circle device 23 equipment are simple, practical.
Between described shell body 21 and inner housing 22, be provided with screw 24 and waterproof machine 25, waterproof machine 25 drive screw 24 rotate (it should be noted that herein, the present embodiment adopt screw 24 comprise at least three blades, to guarantee its result of use; In addition, screw 24 is arranged on outside shell body 21 also can meet described effect, but for the sake of security, the present embodiment is preferred, and screw 24 is located between shell body 21 and inner housing 22).Between shell body 21 and inner housing 22, screw 24 is set, and utilizes waterproof machine 25 to drive the rotation of screw 24, further increased the speed of the current of transformer periphery, make transformer water temperature around can keep low temperature always.
Described some fin 14 are covered with transformer body 1 surface.By adopting technique scheme, fin 14 is covered with to transformer body 1 surface, both strengthened the bonding strength of transformer and housing 2, can also make the surface of transformer without heat radiation dead angle, transformer internal temperature is even.
Described housing 2 is provided with wiring hole 28, and wiring hole 28 is equipped with wire 13, and the two ends of wire 13 are connection transformer body 1 and electrical appliance respectively; Between described wiring hole 28 and wire 13, be provided with teflin ring 29.Polytetrafluoroethylmaterial material is high temperature resistant, low temperature resistant, antiacid alkali resistant not only, also corrosion-resistant, adopt the sealing ring 29 of polytetrafluoroethylmaterial material, can guarantee the mission life-span of sealing ring 29, and be applicable to the underwater environment of various water quality, avoid sealing property to lose efficacy, cause transformer water inlet, have an accident.
Described fin 14 is made (it should be noted that, when selected metal material must guarantee thermal diffusivity, also should have certain intensity herein, meet the needs that support transformer body 1, the preferred aluminum alloy materials of the present embodiment) by thermal conductive metallic material.The heat conductivility of metal material is better than water conventionally, the fin 14 made from metal material has not only strengthened the heat dispersion of described transformer, and the thermal conductivity of metal is better, inside and outside temperature difference when heating and cooling is less, the internal stress producing is also just less, thus, utilize fin 14 to carry out support housing 2, just be more not easy to occur crackle and distortion.
The above makes preferred implementation of the present utility model, does not depart from for the person of ordinary skill of the art under the prerequisite of the utility model principle, can also make some modification and improvement, and these also should be considered as protection range of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. a Special underwater transformer, comprise transformer body, described transformer body inside is provided with iron core, wire and is wrapped in the coil windings on iron core, it is characterized in that: described transformer body is located in airtight housing, described housing comprises inner housing and shell body, is provided with some fin and by fin, is fixedly connected with between the two between inner housing and transformer body; Described housing is also provided with for making the mobile water circle device of water generates; Described water circle device comprises immersible pump, and described shell body is provided with water inlet and delivery port, and immersible pump is located at outside shell body, and immersible pump comprises discharge outlet and conduit, and described conduit conducting connects discharge outlet and water inlet.
2. Special underwater transformer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the waterproof machine that is provided with screw between described shell body and inner housing and drives screw to rotate.
3. Special underwater transformer according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: described some fin are covered with transformer body surface.
4. Special underwater transformer according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: described housing is provided with wiring hole, and wiring hole is equipped with wire, and the two ends of wire are connection transformer body and electrical appliance respectively; Between described wiring hole and wire, be provided with teflin ring.
5. Special underwater transformer according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: described fin is made by thermal conductive metallic material.
CN201320539528.7U 2013-08-30 2013-08-30 Special underwater transformer CN203588796U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320539528.7U CN203588796U (en) 2013-08-30 2013-08-30 Special underwater transformer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320539528.7U CN203588796U (en) 2013-08-30 2013-08-30 Special underwater transformer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203588796U true CN203588796U (en) 2014-05-07

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104112569A (en) * 2014-07-17 2014-10-22 合肥朗佳机电设备有限公司 Inductor
CN104979089A (en) * 2015-07-03 2015-10-14 安徽广正电气科技有限公司 Underwater transformer
CN105448487A (en) * 2014-08-14 2016-03-30 特变电工沈阳变压器集团有限公司 Iron core support device and support method thereof
CN106920640A (en) * 2017-04-16 2017-07-04 中国海洋大学 A kind of transformer under water
CN108332175A (en) * 2017-12-15 2018-07-27 广新海事重工股份有限公司 A kind of heat dissipating method of high-powered LED lamp peculiar to vessel

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104112569A (en) * 2014-07-17 2014-10-22 合肥朗佳机电设备有限公司 Inductor
CN105448487A (en) * 2014-08-14 2016-03-30 特变电工沈阳变压器集团有限公司 Iron core support device and support method thereof
CN104979089A (en) * 2015-07-03 2015-10-14 安徽广正电气科技有限公司 Underwater transformer
CN106920640A (en) * 2017-04-16 2017-07-04 中国海洋大学 A kind of transformer under water
CN108332175A (en) * 2017-12-15 2018-07-27 广新海事重工股份有限公司 A kind of heat dissipating method of high-powered LED lamp peculiar to vessel

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