CN203582915U - Oil pool quenching apparatus - Google Patents

Oil pool quenching apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203582915U
CN203582915U CN201320599472.4U CN201320599472U CN203582915U CN 203582915 U CN203582915 U CN 203582915U CN 201320599472 U CN201320599472 U CN 201320599472U CN 203582915 U CN203582915 U CN 203582915U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
quenching
oil sump
oil
lifting bracket
smoking
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201320599472.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
沈海波
马为民
潘中海
张有平
龚上标
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HAIYAN SANMA STANDARD HARDWARE CO Ltd
Original Assignee
HAIYAN SANMA STANDARD HARDWARE CO Ltd
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Application filed by HAIYAN SANMA STANDARD HARDWARE CO Ltd filed Critical HAIYAN SANMA STANDARD HARDWARE CO Ltd
Priority to CN201320599472.4U priority Critical patent/CN203582915U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203582915U publication Critical patent/CN203582915U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model provides an oil pool quenching apparatus. The oil pool quenching apparatus comprises an oil pool, a feed pipeline arranged at one end of the oil pool, a splitting mechanism connected to the feed pipeline, a discharge mechanism arranged at the other end of the oil pool, a receiving mechanism arranged at one side of the discharge mechanism and an oil liquid heat exchange mechanism arranged at one side of the oil pool. The oil pool quenching apparatus has the advantages of rational design, simple structure, simple and convenient manufacture, convenient quenching, high working efficiency, energy saving and the like.

Description

Oil sump quenching apparatus
Technical field
The utility model relates to mechanical engineering technical field, is specifically related to oil sump quenching apparatus.
Background technology
Quench is exactly that a heated work pieces being heated to is to a certain degree dipped in medium, to reach requirement, the object of quenching is to make supercooled austenite carry out martensite or bainite transformation, obtain martensite or bainite structure, then coordinate the tempering with differing temps, significantly to improve intensity, hardness, wear resistance, fatigue strength and the toughness etc. of steel, thereby meet the different service requirementss of various mechanical component and instrument, also can meet by quenching special physics, the chemical property such as ferromegnetism, solidity to corrosion of some special steel material.Quenching technology is widely used in modern mechanical manufacturing industry, strength member in machinery, especially the steel part of applying in automobile, aircraft, rocket nearly all passes through quench treatment, and the technical requirements varying for meeting various parts has developed various quenching technologys.Conventional quenching media has salt solution, water, mineral oil, air etc.The quenching stage of workpiece not only will make part obtain reasonably tissue, reaches needed performance, and will keep the size and dimension precision of part.Quenching comprises single medium quenching, interrupted quenching, marquenching, isothermal quenching, hard surfacing, induction quenching etc.Wherein oil quenching belongs to single medium quenching, and workpiece only quenches in fluid, and its advantage is simple to operate, is easy to realize mechanize, is widely used, and shortcoming is that speed of cooling is little, and through hardening diameter is little, and large-scale workpiece is difficult for through hardening.Meanwhile, existing oil sump quenching apparatus complex structure, cost is higher, and it is not convenient to quench, and working efficiency is low, can not meet the requirement of output, relatively expends the energy simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide oil sump quenching apparatus, reasonable in design, simple in structure, manufacture easyly, and cost is low, and it is convenient to quench, and can greatly increase work efficiency, and meets the demand of output, can reduce expending of the energy simultaneously.
For solving above-mentioned existing technical problem, the utility model adopts following scheme: oil sump quenching apparatus, comprise oil sump, be located at oil sump one end feed pipe, be connected to feeding distribution mechanism on feed pipe, be located at the oil sump the other end discharging mechanism, be located at discharging mechanism one side receiving mechanism, be located at the fluid heat exchange mechanism of oil sump one side.
As preferably, described feeding distribution mechanism comprises two discharge ports being located on feed pipe, minute is located at two transmission long slabs on discharge port and the cylinder that quenches, workpiece is inputted from feed pipe, and in discharge port sub-material, metallic impurity are transported to outside oil sump by transmitting long slab, finished work-piece is input in oil sump by the cylinder that quenches, thereby avoided impurity through quenching, to change character, impurity can be utilized again, meanwhile, reduce the waste of fluid.
As preferably, between described two discharge ports, be provided with baffle plate, thereby avoided impurity to mix with workpiece finished product.
As preferably, described discharging mechanism comprises lifting bracket, be located at the travelling belt of lifting bracket both sides, be connected to dividing plate on travelling belt, be located on lifting bracket for driving the motor of conveyer belt, driven by motor conveyer belt, thereby the finished work-piece having quenched is exported along lifting bracket, and the setting of dividing plate makes the output of finished work-piece more convenient.
As preferably, described lifting bracket is provided with smoking apparatus, comprise smoking stifle, be connected to oil suction pipe on smoking stifle, be located at the smoke extractor being connected with oil suction pipe on lifting bracket, thereby the oil smoke coming out on workpiece can be absorbed, avoid oil smoke to fill the air and cause operator's blurred vision, having avoided oil smoke to bring potential safety hazard to factory building simultaneously.
As preferably, described receiving mechanism comprises slide rail, slip slide plate on slide rail, be located at the some charging baskets on slide plate, at a charging basket, fill after workpiece, promote charging basket, make another sky charging basket be positioned over fast blanking port below, thereby effectively avoided workpiece to fall outward, made to change bucket operation more convenient simultaneously, made to change bucket operation more laborsaving.
As preferably, described charging basket adopts two, mutually abuts against together, thereby can realize the operation of fast quick change bucket, has avoided the outer of workpiece to fall.
As preferably, described fluid heat exchange mechanism comprises oil strain groove, is connected to the heat exchanger on oil strain groove, through the fluid of hardening step via oil strain groove, filtering residual metallic impurity, then through fluid heat exchange mechanism, carry out heat exchange cooling, to guarantee that fluid maintains certain temperature.
Beneficial effect:
The oil sump quenching apparatus that the utility model adopts technique scheme to provide, reasonable in design, simple in structure, manufacture easyly, cost is low, and it is convenient to quench, and can greatly increase work efficiency, and meets the demand of output, can reduce expending of the energy simultaneously.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
In figure, oil sump 1, feed pipe 2, feeding distribution mechanism 3, discharge port 31, transmission long slab 32, quenching cylinder 33, discharging mechanism 4, lifting bracket 41, travelling belt 42, dividing plate 43, motor 44, receiving mechanism 5, slide rail 51, slide plate 52, charging basket 53, fluid heat exchange mechanism 6, oil strain groove 61, heat exchanger 62, baffle plate 7, smoking apparatus 8, smoking stifle 81, oil suction pipe 82, smoke extractor 83.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, oil sump quenching apparatus, comprises oil sump 1, be located at the feed pipe 2 of oil sump 1 one end, be connected to the feeding distribution mechanism 3 on feed pipe 2, be located at the discharging mechanism 4 of oil sump 1 the other end, be located at the receiving mechanism 5 of discharging mechanism 4 one sides, be located at the fluid heat exchange mechanism 6 of oil sump 1 one sides, described feeding distribution mechanism 3 comprises two discharge ports 31 that are located on feed pipe 2, divide and be located at two transmission long slabs 32 on discharge port 31 and the cylinder 33 that quenches, between described two discharge ports 31, be provided with baffle plate 7, described discharging mechanism 4 comprises lifting bracket 41, be located at the travelling belt 42 of lifting bracket 41 both sides, be connected to the dividing plate 43 on travelling belt 42, be located at the motor 44 for driving travelling belt 42 to move on lifting bracket 41, described lifting bracket 41 is provided with smoking apparatus 8, comprises smoking stifle 81, be connected to the oil suction pipe 82 on smoking stifle 81, be located at the smoke extractor 83 being connected with oil suction pipe 82 on lifting bracket 41, described receiving mechanism 5 comprises slide rail 51, slip the slide plate 52 on slide rail 51, be located at the some charging baskets 53 on slide plate 52, described charging basket 53 adopts two, mutually abuts against together, and described fluid heat exchange mechanism 6 comprises oil strain groove 61, be connected to the heat exchanger 62 on oil strain groove 61.
During real work, workpiece is from feed pipe 2 inputs, and in discharge port 31 sub-materials, metallic impurity are transported to outside oil sump 1 by transmitting long slab 32, finished work-piece is input in oil sump 1 by the cylinder 33 that quenches, thereby avoided impurity through quenching, to change character, impurity can be utilized again, simultaneously, reduced the waste of fluid, until workpiece after sufficient quenching, motor 44 drives travelling belt 42 motions, thereby make the finished work-piece having quenched along lifting bracket 41 outputs, the setting of dividing plate 43 makes the output of finished work-piece more convenient, the setting of smoking apparatus 8 can absorb the oil smoke coming out on workpiece, avoid oil smoke to fill the air and cause operator's blurred vision, avoided oil smoke to bring potential safety hazard to factory building simultaneously, the workpiece of output falls into charging basket 53, at a charging basket 53, fill after workpiece, promote charging basket 53, make another sky charging basket 53 be positioned over fast blanking port below, thereby effectively avoided workpiece to fall outward, make to change bucket operation more convenient simultaneously, make to change bucket operation more laborsaving.
Specific embodiment described herein is only to the explanation for example of the utility model spirit.The utility model person of ordinary skill in the field can make various modifications or supplements or adopt similar mode to substitute described specific embodiment, but can't depart from spirit of the present utility model or surmount the defined scope of appended claims.
Although more used oil sump 1, feed pipe 2, feeding distribution mechanism 3, discharge port 31 herein, transmitted the terms such as long slab 32, quenching cylinder 33, discharging mechanism 4, lifting bracket 41, travelling belt 42, dividing plate 43, motor 44, receiving mechanism 5, slide rail 51, slide plate 52, charging basket 53, fluid heat exchange mechanism 6, oil strain groove 61, heat exchanger 62, baffle plate 7, smoking apparatus 8, smoking stifle 81, oil suction pipe 82, smoke extractor 83, do not got rid of the possibility of using other term.Use these terms to be only used to describe more easily and explain essence of the present utility model; They are construed to any additional restriction is all contrary with the utility model spirit.

Claims (8)

1. oil sump quenching apparatus, is characterized in that: comprise oil sump (1), be located at oil sump (1) one end feed pipe (2), be connected to feeding distribution mechanism (3) on feed pipe (2), be located at oil sump (1) the other end discharging mechanism (4), be located at discharging mechanism (4) one sides receiving mechanism (5), be located at the fluid heat exchange mechanism (6) of oil sump (1) one side.
2. oil sump quenching apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described feeding distribution mechanism (3) comprises two discharge ports (31) of being located on feed pipe (2), minute is located at the transmission long slab (32) and the cylinder (33) that quenches on two discharge ports (31).
3. oil sump quenching apparatus according to claim 2, is characterized in that: between described two discharge ports (31), be provided with baffle plate (7).
4. oil sump quenching apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described discharging mechanism (4) comprises lifting bracket (41), be located at the travelling belt (42) of lifting bracket (41) both sides, be connected to dividing plate (43) on travelling belt (42), to be located at lifting bracket (41) upper for driving the motor (44) of travelling belt (42) motion.
5. oil sump quenching apparatus according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described lifting bracket (41) is provided with smoking apparatus (8), comprise smoking stifle (81), be connected to oil suction pipe (82) on smoking stifle (81), be located at the upper smoke extractor (83) being connected with oil suction pipe (82) of lifting bracket (41).
6. oil sump quenching apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described receiving mechanism (5) comprises slide rail (51), slip slide plate (52) on slide rail (51), be located at the some charging baskets (53) on slide plate (52).
7. oil sump quenching apparatus according to claim 6, is characterized in that: described charging basket (53) adopts two, mutually abuts against together.
8. oil sump quenching apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described fluid heat exchange mechanism (6) comprises oil strain groove (61), is connected to the heat exchanger (62) on oil strain groove (61).
CN201320599472.4U 2013-09-26 2013-09-26 Oil pool quenching apparatus Expired - Fee Related CN203582915U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320599472.4U CN203582915U (en) 2013-09-26 2013-09-26 Oil pool quenching apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320599472.4U CN203582915U (en) 2013-09-26 2013-09-26 Oil pool quenching apparatus

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203582915U true CN203582915U (en) 2014-05-07

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201320599472.4U Expired - Fee Related CN203582915U (en) 2013-09-26 2013-09-26 Oil pool quenching apparatus

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN203582915U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103572017A (en) * 2013-09-26 2014-02-12 海盐三马标准件有限公司 Oil pool quenching equipment

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103572017A (en) * 2013-09-26 2014-02-12 海盐三马标准件有限公司 Oil pool quenching equipment

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140507

Termination date: 20140926

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model