CN203582867U - Staged pneumatic stirring fermentation device - Google Patents

Staged pneumatic stirring fermentation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203582867U
CN203582867U CN201320789009.6U CN201320789009U CN203582867U CN 203582867 U CN203582867 U CN 203582867U CN 201320789009 U CN201320789009 U CN 201320789009U CN 203582867 U CN203582867 U CN 203582867U
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China
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biogas
fermentation
raw material
tank body
bottom blowing
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云斯宁
杜婷婷
朱江
张仙梅
许海超
邱建泉
徐德龙
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Xian University of Architecture and Technology
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Xian University of Architecture and Technology
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel

Abstract

The utility model discloses a staged pneumatic stirring fermentation device which comprises a fermentation tank body and a multi-stage fermentation device, and a biogas residue and biogas slurry pool, a fermentation control system, a biogas circulation system and a raw material circulation system, wherein an exhaust port, a drain outlet and a slag opening are formed in the fermentation tank body; each stage of the fermentation device comprises a bracket, a heater arranged on the top of the bracket, and a fermentation container arranged on the top of the heater; a biogas residue and biogas slurry drainage port is formed in each fermentation container; a bottom blowing compressed biogas nozzle and stirring blades connected to the bottom blowing compressed biogas nozzle are arranged in each fermentation container; a bottom blowing compressed biogas conveying branch pipeline, a raw material conveying branch pipeline and a raw material circulating pipeline are connected to a side wall of the fermentation tank body; a raw material circulating pump is connected to each raw material circulating pipeline; the fermentation control system comprises a fermentation controller, an operating button, a display screen, a pressure meter and a temperature sensor. According to the staged pneumatic stirring fermentation device, the space of the fermentation tank is effectively utilized, the heating is uniform, the raw materials are fully reacted, the fermentation efficiency is high, and the staged pneumatic stirring fermentation device is energy-saving, environment-friendly and high in practicality.

Description

Stagewise strength stirs fermentation unit
Technical field
The utility model relates to technical field of bioengineering, especially relates to a kind of stagewise strength and stirs fermentation unit.
Background technology
Take coal as main energy structure, must cause the deterioration of environmental quality, not only increased economic operation cost, and HUMAN HEALTH arrived in serious threat.In order to improve energy structure, preserve the ecological environment, the Sustainable development facilitating economic and social, effective exploitation is one of them Important Action with utilizing Biomass Energy Resources.Existing Biomass Energy Resources is (as animal faeces wastes; The agricultural crop straws such as wheat, corn, paddy rice, millet, cotton, rape, oily certain herbaceous plants with big flowers; The agricultural product castoff such as pomace, organic waste water; Application of city life garbage etc.) not only waste is very serious, and serious environment pollution.The fundamental way addressing this problem is to carry out the recycling of waste, is following economic benefit, ecological benefits and social benefit to greatest extent under unified prerequisite, and realization is made the best use of everything.
Take feces of livestock and poultry as example, annual generation exceedes 2,000,000,000 tons, and the chemical oxygen demand (COD) of contained pollutent is 7,118 ten thousand tons, has exceeded the chemical oxygen demand (COD) of national trade effluent and sanitary sewage.Not only taken a large amount of land resources, and environment has been caused to serious harm.In addition, national feces of livestock and poultry N, P loss total amount are respectively chemical fertilizer N, P loss total amount 12 times and 13 times, and the required nutritive element of farm crop runs off in a large number.Take agricultural crop straw as example, China's annual output is about 700,000,000 tons (amounting to 3.53 hundred million tons of standard coal amounts), and a large amount of agricultural crop straws is deposited and not only taken a large amount of land resources, and has potential safety hazard.Current agricultural crop straw or as rural energy (as fuel wood), for daily heating, cook, heat up water etc., or directly burns by field and processes, and this utilization or processing mode waste are serious, contaminate environment.
From the angle of Sustainable development, the effective way that realizes these changing rejected material to useful resource comprehensive utilizations is to set up the methane fermentation system of mass-producing.Although; small-scale household biogas is comparatively general in rural area; but there are many problems in household biogas; for example large-scale degree is low, fermentation raw material is single, fermentation technique is backward, gas producing efficiency is low, service efficiency is low, state of the art is low, and this makes household biogas can not become the energy of a kind of outbalance in rural area.In the long run, changing the production of the production and use of marsh gas and utilize mode, realizing mass-producing biogas engineering, is the important way that solves current Country Household Using Marsh Gas problem.
Although the biogas engineering of China history of existing 50 years, compares with external similar technology, there is following problem in China's mass-producing biogas engineering: large-scale degree is low, disperses to utilize; Fermentation technique falls behind, and gas producing efficiency is low; Reactor technology level is low, and energy consumption is high; Technological process control falls behind, and efficiency is low; Reconstruction is established and gently management, follow-up service imperfection; Methane gas producing discontinuous (winter is idle), service efficiency is low; Biogas is used blindly, unreasonable; Equipment failure rate is high, mixing effect is very not good and fermentor tank exists fermentation dead angle etc.In existing mass-producing form anaerobic fermentation methane; anaerobic ferment devices adopts monoblock type fermentation conventionally; be that fermentation materials is directly contained in tank body, this just need to rely on strong mechanical stirring to complete mass transfer, heat transfer and bubble and break up, and agitator just must need to have larger power of agitator.Along with the volume of fermentor tank is larger, its needed power of agitator is just larger, and this energy consumption problem of thereupon producing is just day by day obvious.Equally, the volume of tank body is larger, needs the space of heating just larger, and the energy of consumption is just more.In addition, simple mechanical stirring can only make fermentation materials mix, and the gas that can not make fermentation produce is discharged in time, has influence on fermentation efficiency.
Under a stable condition, whipping process affects the process of fermenting process.At present, the most general alr mode is simple mechanical stirring, and this stirring can only make fermentation materials mix, and the gas that can not make fermentation produce is discharged in time, so just has influence on fermentation efficiency.Although also can see now some patents, mentioned the strength of machinery-free and stir, the stirring of this pure strength can not get a desired effect, and energy consumption also suitable greatly.
In biogas engineering, most crucial link is anaerobically fermenting, and determines that a most critical factor of anaerobically fermenting effect is temperature.Because anaerobically fermenting only maintains Digestive system in effective leavening temperature interval, the activity that just can maintain methanobacteria is the highest, and the organic acid that the organic acid in feces of livestock and poultry forms through hydrolysis could finally be converted into biogas under the effect at methanobacteria.At present, modal in biogas engineering is intermediate temperature anaerobic fermentation and high-temperature anaerobic fermentation, and the former optimum temperature range is 33-35 ℃, and the latter's optimum temperature range is 50-55 ℃, and in tank, temperature difference fluctuation can not exceed 2 ℃.Because fermentor tank ambient temperature is along with the variation of four seasons replacement or day and night temperature, for aerogenesis speed fast, fermentation system guarantees long-term steady running, what fermentation adopted is all mesophilic digestion, just need to adopt heating unit and attemperator to maintain the required temperature of anaerobically fermenting, guarantee the activity of methanobacteria.At present, have pair fermentation raw material heat in advance with anaerobic jar in heat the mode that heats of two kinds of forms.These two kinds of modes can play the effect heating to a certain extent, but usually follow series of problems, such as, at pretreatment pool, fermentation raw material being heated, effect is not that clearly thermal losses is larger; And these two kinds of modes are all that heating pipe directly contacts with fermented feed liquid, the easy like this fouling that causes heating pipe, thus have a strong impact on heat exchange efficiency; Usually occur heating inhomogeneous phenomenon, the upper and lower temperature difference of anaerobic jar is larger, thereby affects fermentation efficiency and factor of created gase, to such an extent as to seriously restricts the industrialized development of biogas.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is for above-mentioned deficiency of the prior art, provide a kind of stagewise strength to stir fermentation unit, it has effectively utilized space, homogeneous heating, the raw material reaction of fermentor tank abundant, fermentation efficiency is high, energy-conserving and environment-protective, practical, applied range.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of stagewise strength stirs fermentation unit, it is characterized in that: comprise fermentor tank tank body and the space multistage fermentation unit being arranged on described fermentor tank tank body internal perisporium straggly from top to bottom, and being arranged on biogas residue-biogas liquid pool, fermentation control system, biogas recirculation system and the raw material recycle system of described fermentor tank tank body outside, neighbouring two-stage fermentation device lays respectively at the relative both sides of described fermentor tank tank interior medullary ray; The top of described fermentor tank tank body is provided with venting port, and described venting port is connected with described biogas recirculation system; The bottom of described fermentor tank tank body is provided with sewage draining exit and slag-drip opening, and described slag-drip opening is connected by Residue extraction pipeline with described biogas residue-biogas liquid pool; Every grade of described fermentation unit includes the support that is fixedly connected with the inwall of described fermentor tank tank body, be arranged on the well heater of a described top of the trellis and be arranged on the fermenting container at described well heater top, on described fermenting container, near on the perisporium of described fermentor tank tank body centerline side, be provided with biogas residue and biogas liquid draining hole, in described fermenting container, place, mid-way is provided with bottom blowing compressed biogas shower nozzle and the agitating vane that is connected to the compressed biogas driven rotary spraying on described bottom blowing compressed biogas shower nozzle and by described bottom blowing compressed biogas shower nozzle; On the sidewall of described fermentor tank tank body, be connected with the bottom blowing compressed biogas conveying subtube that a port extend into described fermenting container inner bottom part and is connected with the inlet mouth of described bottom blowing compressed biogas shower nozzle, described bottom blowing compressed biogas carries the another port of subtube to be connected with described biogas recirculation system by bottom blowing compressed biogas delivery manifold road, and described bottom blowing compressed biogas delivery manifold is connected with air pump on road; On the sidewall of described fermentor tank tank body, be connected with the raw material conveying subtube that a port extend into described fermenting container inside and is positioned at described bottom blowing compressed biogas conveying subtube top, described raw material carries the another port of subtube to be connected with the described raw material recycle system by raw material delivery manifold road, and described raw material delivery manifold is connected with mateiral pump on road; On the sidewall of described fermentor tank tank body, being connected with two-port, all to extend into described fermenting container inner and be positioned at described raw material and carry the raw material circulating line of subtube top, is positioned on one section of raw material circulating line of described fermentor tank tank body outside and is connected with raw material recycle pump; Described fermentation control system comprises fermentation housing, is arranged on the fermentation controller of described fermentation housing inside and is arranged on action button and the display screen on described fermentation housing outside surface; The top of described fermentor tank tank body is provided with the pressure warning unit detecting in real time for the biogas pressure in described fermentor tank tank body is carried out, on each described fermenting container, be provided with for the leavening temperature in this fermenting container and carry out the temperature sensor detecting in real time, described action button, pressure warning unit and multiple described temperature sensor all join with the signal input part of described fermentation controller, and described display screen, air pump, mateiral pump and raw material recycle pump all join with the signal output part of described fermentation controller.
Above-mentioned stagewise strength stirs fermentation unit, it is characterized in that: described fermentation controller comprises micro controller module and the power module for each electricity consumption module for power supply in fermentation controller, the input terminus of described micro controller module is connected to the clock circuit module that is used to fermentation controller that real-time clock signal is provided, the output terminal of described micro controller module is connected to air pump driving mechanism, mateiral pump driving mechanism and raw material recycle pump driving mechanism, and multiple rly. that the power on/off of multiple described well heaters is controlled and multiple working station indicators that the working order of multistage described fermentation unit is indicated of being respectively used to of being respectively used to, described action button, pressure warning unit and multiple described temperature sensor all join with the signal input part of described micro controller module, the signal output part of described display screen and described micro controller module joins, the signal output part of described air pump and described air pump driving mechanism joins, the signal output part of described mateiral pump and described mateiral pump driving mechanism joins, the signal output part of described raw material recycle pump and described raw material recycle pump driving mechanism joins.
Above-mentioned stagewise strength stirs fermentation unit, it is characterized in that: described action button comprises charging control button, raw material cycle control button and mixing control button.
Above-mentioned stagewise strength stirs fermentation unit, it is characterized in that: described fermentation control system comprises the supervisory control computer that is arranged on Control Room, on described micro controller module, be connected to the communication circuit module for being connected and communicating by letter by wired or wireless mode with described supervisory control computer.
Above-mentioned stagewise strength stirs fermentation unit, it is characterized in that: described biogas recirculation system comprises the biogas liquid packing, water trap, devulcanizer, Marsh gas compression machine, gas-holder and the biogas pressure regulating box that connect successively, the inlet mouth of described biogas liquid packing is connected with described venting port, the exit of described biogas pressure regulating box is connected with the user's biogas transport pipe for biogas being transported to user place, and described bottom blowing compressed biogas delivery manifold road is connected with described user's biogas transport pipe.
Above-mentioned stagewise strength stirs fermentation unit, it is characterized in that: the described raw material recycle system comprises the marsh gas raw materials pond and the marsh gas raw materials pretreatment pool that connect successively, described biogas residue-biogas liquid pool is connected with the biogas residue and biogas liquid entrance of described marsh gas raw materials pretreatment pool by natural pond liquid reflux line, and described raw material delivery manifold road is connected with the marsh gas raw materials outlet of described marsh gas raw materials pretreatment pool.
Above-mentioned stagewise strength stirs fermentation unit, it is characterized in that: described well heater is disk electric heater.
Above-mentioned stagewise strength stirs fermentation unit, it is characterized in that: described bottom blowing compressed biogas shower nozzle consists of concealed Venturi pipe.
Above-mentioned stagewise strength stirs fermentation unit, it is characterized in that: described agitating vane is spiral belt agitating vane.
Above-mentioned stagewise strength stirs fermentation unit, it is characterized in that: described Residue extraction pipeline is downward-sloping to be connected on described slag-drip opening, on described Residue extraction pipeline, is connected with check valve.
The utility model compared with prior art has the following advantages:
1, the utility model novel structure; design is unique; be adapted to mass-producing biogas fermentation; broken the whole up into parts in fermentation region; be about to fermentor tank and be spatially divided into multistage fermentation unit; every one-level is all an independently fermentation system, has effectively utilized the space of fermentor tank, has also improved the efficiency of fermentation simultaneously.
2, every grade of fermentation unit of the present utility model all has fermenting container, stirring system, the raw material recycle system and the well heater of oneself, multistage fermentation unit is relatively independent, but during the fermentation due to the biogas residue and biogas liquid draining hole of fermenting container, be that raw material is specified outlet, raw material again can be by overflowing and enter in the circulating fermentation of next stage certainly, and therefore multistage fermentation unit is closely connected again together.
3, the stirring system of the utility model fermentation units at different levels has adopted the alr mode that is driven agitating vane rotation by bottom blowing compressed biogas strength, can make the interior air distribution of fermenting container of fermentation units at different levels even, has improved the factor of created gase of whole fermentation system; In addition, also coordinate the raw material recycle system, make the raw material in fermenting container more even, react more abundant, aerogenesis is more stable.
4, the utility model is provided with biogas recirculation system and the raw material recycle system, and the interior raw material recycle system consisting of raw material circulating line and raw material recycle pump, and this three combines, and has formed more efficient, an energy-conservation fermentation system.
5, the utility model adopts the chassis direct heating of well heater to fermenting container bottom, avoided heating pipe directly to contact with fermented feed liquid, cause heating pipe fouling, heat is fully utilized, and it is more even to adopt disk electric heater can make fermentation raw material be heated, and is more conducive to the abundant fermentation of raw material.
6, of the present utility model practical, applied range, can be used in the fermentative processing of feces of livestock and poultry, agricultural crop straw, agricultural product castoff and application of city life garbage the like waste.
In sum, the utility model has effectively utilized space, homogeneous heating, the raw material reaction of fermentor tank abundant, fermentation efficiency is high, energy-conserving and environment-protective, practical, safe and reliable, applied range.
Below by drawings and Examples, the technical solution of the utility model is described in further detail.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is one-piece construction schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the A portion enlarged view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the utility model biogas recirculation system.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the utility model raw material recycle system.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the utility model spiral belt agitating vane.
Fig. 6 is the schematic block circuit diagram of the utility model fermentation control system.
Description of reference numerals:
1-fermentor tank tank body; 2-biogas residue-biogas liquid pool; 3-fermentation housing;
4-venting port; 5-sewage draining exit; 6-slag-drip opening;
7-Residue extraction pipeline; 8-support; 9-well heater;
10-fermenting container; 11-biogas residue and biogas liquid draining hole;
12-bottom blowing compressed biogas shower nozzle; 13-agitating vane;
14-bottom blowing compressed biogas delivery manifold road; 15-air pump;
16-raw material is carried subtube; 17-raw material delivery manifold road; 18-mateiral pump;
19-raw material circulating line; 20-raw material recycle pump; 21-1-micro controller module;
21-2-power module; 21-3-clock circuit module; 21-4-air pump driving mechanism;
21-5-mateiral pump driving mechanism; 21-6-raw material recycle pump driving mechanism;
21-7-rly.; 21-8-working station indicator;
22-action button; 22-1-charging control button; 22-2-raw material cycle control button;
22-3-mixing control button; 23-display screen; 24-pressure warning unit;
25-temperature sensor; 26-supervisory control computer; 27-communication circuit module;
28-biogas recirculation system; 28-1-biogas liquid packing; 28-2-water trap;
28-3-devulcanizer; 28-4-Marsh gas compression machine; 28-5-gas-holder;
28-6-biogas pressure regulating box; 28-7-user biogas transport pipe;
29-raw material recycle system; 29-1-marsh gas raw materials pond; 9-2-marsh gas raw materials pretreatment pool;
30-natural pond liquid reflux line; 31-check valve; 32-bottom blowing compressed biogas is carried subtube.
Embodiment
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the utility model comprises fermentor tank tank body 1 and the space multistage fermentation unit being arranged on described fermentor tank tank body 1 internal perisporium straggly from top to bottom, and being arranged on biogas residue-biogas liquid pool 2, fermentation control system, biogas recirculation system 28 and the raw material recycle system 29 of described fermentor tank tank body 1 outside, neighbouring two-stage fermentation device lays respectively at the relative both sides of described fermentor tank tank body 1 inside center line; The top of described fermentor tank tank body 1 is provided with venting port 4, and described venting port 4 is connected with described biogas recirculation system 28; The bottom of described fermentor tank tank body 1 is provided with sewage draining exit 5 and slag-drip opening 6, and described slag-drip opening 6 is connected by Residue extraction pipeline 7 with described biogas residue-biogas liquid pool 2; Every grade of described fermentation unit includes the support 8 that is fixedly connected with the inwall of described fermentor tank tank body 1, be arranged on the well heater 9 at described support 8 tops and be arranged on the fermenting container 10 at described well heater 9 tops, on described fermenting container 10, near on the perisporium of described fermentor tank tank body 1 centerline side, be provided with biogas residue and biogas liquid draining hole 11, place, the interior mid-way of described fermenting container 10 is provided with bottom blowing compressed biogas shower nozzle 12 and is connected to the agitating vane 13 of the compressed biogas driven rotary spraying on described bottom blowing compressed biogas shower nozzle 12 and by described bottom blowing compressed biogas shower nozzle 12; On the sidewall of described fermentor tank tank body 1, be connected with the bottom blowing compressed biogas conveying subtube 32 that a port extend into described fermenting container 10 inner bottom parts and is connected with the inlet mouth of described bottom blowing compressed biogas shower nozzle 12, described bottom blowing compressed biogas carries the another port of subtube 32 to be connected with described biogas recirculation system 28 by bottom blowing compressed biogas delivery manifold road 14, on described bottom blowing compressed biogas delivery manifold road 14, is connected with air pump 15; On the sidewall of described fermentor tank tank body 1, be connected with the raw material conveying subtube 16 that a port extend into described fermenting container 10 inside and is positioned at described bottom blowing compressed biogas conveying subtube 32 tops, described raw material carries the another port of subtube 16 to be connected with the described raw material recycle system 29 by raw material delivery manifold road 17, on described raw material delivery manifold road 17, is connected with mateiral pump 18; On the sidewall of described fermentor tank tank body 1, being connected with two-port, all to extend into described fermenting container 10 inner and be positioned at described raw material and carry the raw material circulating line 19 of subtube 16 tops, is positioned on one section of raw material circulating line 19 of described fermentor tank tank body 1 outside and is connected with raw material recycle pump 20; Described fermentation control system comprises fermentation housing 3, is arranged on the fermentation controller of described fermentation housing 3 inside and is arranged on action button 22 and the display screen 23 on described fermentation housing 3 outside surfaces; The top of described fermentor tank tank body 1 is provided with the pressure warning unit 24 detecting in real time for the biogas pressure in described fermentor tank tank body 1 is carried out, on each described fermenting container 10, be provided with the temperature sensor 25 detecting in real time for the leavening temperature in this fermenting container 10 is carried out, described action button 22, pressure warning unit 24 and multiple described temperature sensor 25 all join with the signal input part of described fermentation controller, and described display screen 23, air pump 15, mateiral pump 18 and raw material recycle pump 20 all join with the signal output part of described fermentation controller.
In conjunction with Fig. 6, in the present embodiment, described fermentation controller comprises micro controller module 21-1 and the power module 21-2 for each electricity consumption module for power supply in fermentation controller, the input terminus of described micro controller module 21-1 is connected to the clock circuit module 21-3 that is used to fermentation controller that real-time clock signal is provided, the output terminal of described micro controller module 21-1 is connected to air pump driving mechanism 21-4, mateiral pump driving mechanism 21-5 and raw material recycle pump driving mechanism 21-6, and multiple rly. 21-7 that the power on/off of multiple described well heaters 9 is controlled and multiple working station indicator 21-8 that the working order of multistage described fermentation unit is indicated of being respectively used to of being respectively used to, described action button 22, pressure warning unit 24 and multiple described temperature sensor 25 all join with the signal input part of described micro controller module 21-1, described display screen 23 joins with the signal output part of described micro controller module 21-1, described air pump 15 joins with the signal output part of described air pump driving mechanism 21-4, described mateiral pump 18 joins with the signal output part of described mateiral pump driving mechanism 21-5, described raw material recycle pump 20 joins with the signal output part of described raw material recycle pump driving mechanism 21-6.
In conjunction with Fig. 6, in the present embodiment, described action button 22 comprises charging control button 22-1, raw material cycle control button 22-2 and mixing control button 22-3.
In conjunction with Fig. 6, in the present embodiment, described fermentation control system comprises the supervisory control computer 26 that is arranged on Control Room, is connected to the communication circuit module 27 for being connected and being communicated by letter by wired or wireless mode with described supervisory control computer 26 on described micro controller module 21-1.
In conjunction with Fig. 3, in the present embodiment, described biogas recirculation system 28 comprises biogas liquid packing 28-1, the water trap 28-2, devulcanizer 28-3, Marsh gas compression machine 28-4, gas-holder 28-5 and the biogas pressure regulating box 28-6 that connect successively, the inlet mouth of described biogas liquid packing 28-1 is connected with described venting port 4, the exit of described biogas pressure regulating box 28-6 is connected with the user's biogas transport pipe 28-7 for biogas being transported to user place, and described bottom blowing compressed biogas delivery manifold road 14 is connected with described user's biogas transport pipe 28-7.
In conjunction with Fig. 4, in the present embodiment, the described raw material recycle system 29 comprises the marsh gas raw materials pond 29-1 and the marsh gas raw materials pretreatment pool 29-2 that connect successively, described biogas residue-biogas liquid pool 2 is connected with the biogas residue and biogas liquid entrance of described marsh gas raw materials pretreatment pool 29-2 by natural pond liquid reflux line 30, and described raw material delivery manifold road 17 is connected with the marsh gas raw materials outlet of described marsh gas raw materials pretreatment pool 29-2.
In the present embodiment, described well heater 9 is disk electric heater.Described bottom blowing compressed biogas shower nozzle 12 consists of concealed Venturi pipe.As shown in Figure 5, described agitating vane 13 is spiral belt agitating vane.Described Residue extraction pipeline 7 is downward-sloping to be connected on described slag-drip opening 6, on described Residue extraction pipeline 7, is connected with check valve 31.
Principle of work of the present utility model and working process are: first, press charging control button 22-1, micro controller module 21-1 drives mateiral pump 18 to start by mateiral pump driving mechanism 21-5, fermentation raw material is transported in each raw material conveying subtube 16 through raw material delivery manifold road 17 in described marsh gas raw materials pretreatment pool 29-2, and enters in each fermenting container 10; Then, micro controller module 21-1 controls each rly. 21-7 and connects the current supply circuit of each well heater 9, well heater 9 starts heating, raw material in each fermenting container 10 starts fermentation, the biogas producing is entered in biogas recirculation system 28 by venting port 4, and after biogas liquid packing 28-1, water trap 28-2 in biogas recirculation system 28, devulcanizer 28-3, Marsh gas compression machine 28-4, gas-holder 28-5 and biogas pressure regulating box 28-6 process successively, by user's biogas transport pipe 28-7, biogas is transported to user place; In the time need to stirring the raw material in each fermenting container 10, press mixing control button 22-3, micro controller module 21-1 drives air pump 15 to start by air pump driving mechanism 21-4, biogas is transported to each bottom blowing compressed biogas through bottom blowing compressed biogas delivery manifold road 14 and carries in subtube 32, and spray by bottom blowing compressed biogas shower nozzle 12, the compressed biogas of ejection drives agitating vane 13 rotations to stir; When carrying out circulation time to the raw material in each fermenting container 10, press raw material cycle control button 22-2, micro controller module 21-1 drives raw material recycle pump 20 to start by raw material recycle pump driving mechanism 21-6, raw material in fermenting container 10 is exported and is inputted by raw material circulating line 19, realized self-circulation, to have reached the more new raw material that circulates, make the more uniform object of raw material in fermenting container 10; When the material slag volume in fermenting container 10 is greater than the volume of fermenting container 10, material slag will spill into along biogas residue and biogas liquid draining hole 11 in the one grade fermemtation device of its below, by that analogy, during to fermentor tank tank body 1 bottom, material slag relies on self gravitation to enter in Residue extraction pipeline 7 from slag-drip opening 6, and push check valve 31 open and enter in biogas residue-biogas liquid pool 2, the mud of fermentor tank tank body 1 bottom can be discharged from sewage draining exit 5.
In above working process, pressure warning unit 24 biogas pressure in described fermentor tank tank body 1 is detected in real time and by the pressure signal real-time Transmission detecting to micro controller module 21-1, simultaneously, each temperature sensor 25 respectively the leavening temperature in fermenting container described in each 10 is detected in real time and by the leavening temperature signal real-time Transmission detecting to micro controller module 21-1, micro controller module 21-1 controls display screen 23 force value and each leavening temperature value is shown; Simultaneously, micro controller module 21-1 can also compare each leavening temperature value and predefined leavening temperature threshold value, when real attenuation temperature is during higher than leavening temperature threshold value, micro controller module 21-1 controls corresponding rly. 21-7 and disconnects the current supply circuit of corresponding well heater 9, well heater 9 stops heating, when real attenuation temperature is during lower than leavening temperature threshold value, micro controller module 21-1 controls corresponding rly. 21-7 and connects the current supply circuit of corresponding well heater 9, well heater 9 starts heating, has realized ferment at constant temperature.
In addition, micro controller module 21-1 can also be transferred to the parameters such as fermentation pressure, temperature on supervisory control computer 26 by communication circuit module 27, for staff, carries out long-range checking on supervisory control computer 26, uses convenient.
The above; it is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not the utility model is imposed any restrictions; every any simple modification of above embodiment being done according to the utility model technical spirit, change and equivalent structure change, and all still belong in the protection domain of technical solutions of the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a stagewise strength stirs fermentation unit, it is characterized in that: comprise fermentor tank tank body (1) and the space multistage fermentation unit being arranged on described fermentor tank tank body (1) internal perisporium straggly from top to bottom, and being arranged on described fermentor tank tank body (1) outside biogas residue-biogas liquid pool (2), fermentation control system, biogas recirculation system (28) and the raw material recycle system (29), neighbouring two-stage fermentation device lays respectively at the relative both sides of described fermentor tank tank body (1) inside center line, the top of described fermentor tank tank body (1) is provided with venting port (4), and described venting port (4) is connected with described biogas recirculation system (28), the bottom of described fermentor tank tank body (1) is provided with sewage draining exit (5) and slag-drip opening (6), and described slag-drip opening (6) is connected by Residue extraction pipeline (7) with described biogas residue-biogas liquid pool (2), every grade of described fermentation unit includes the support (8) being fixedly connected with the inwall of described fermentor tank tank body (1), be arranged on the well heater (9) at described support (8) top and be arranged on the fermenting container (10) at described well heater (9) top, described fermenting container (10) is upper is provided with biogas residue and biogas liquid draining hole (11) near on the perisporium of described fermentor tank tank body (1) centerline side, place, the interior mid-way of described fermenting container (10) is provided with bottom blowing compressed biogas shower nozzle (12) and is connected to the agitating vane (13) of described bottom blowing compressed biogas shower nozzle (12) compressed biogas driven rotary upper and that sprayed by described bottom blowing compressed biogas shower nozzle (12), on the sidewall of described fermentor tank tank body (1), be connected with the bottom blowing compressed biogas conveying subtube (32) that a port extend into described fermenting container (10) inner bottom part and is connected with the inlet mouth of described bottom blowing compressed biogas shower nozzle (12), described bottom blowing compressed biogas carries the another port of subtube (32) to be connected with described biogas recirculation system (28) by bottom blowing compressed biogas delivery manifold road (14), is connected with air pump (15) on described bottom blowing compressed biogas delivery manifold road (14), on the sidewall of described fermentor tank tank body (1), be connected with the raw material conveying subtube (16) that a port extend into described fermenting container (10) inside and is positioned at described bottom blowing compressed biogas conveying subtube (32) top, described raw material carries the another port of subtube (16) to be connected with the described raw material recycle system (29) by raw material delivery manifold road (17), is connected with mateiral pump (18) on described raw material delivery manifold road (17), on the sidewall of described fermentor tank tank body (1), be connected with the raw material circulating line (19) that two-port all extend into described fermenting container (10) inside and is positioned at described raw material conveying subtube (16) top, be positioned on the outside one section of raw material circulating line (19) of described fermentor tank tank body (1) and be connected with raw material recycle pump (20), described fermentation control system comprises fermentation housing (3), is arranged on the inner fermentation controller of described fermentation housing (3) and is arranged on action button (22) and the display screen (23) on described fermentation housing (3) outside surface, the top of described fermentor tank tank body (1) is provided with the pressure warning unit (24) for the biogas pressure in described fermentor tank tank body (1) is carried out detecting in real time, on each described fermenting container (10), be provided with the temperature sensor (25) for the leavening temperature in this fermenting container (10) is carried out detecting in real time, described action button (22), pressure warning unit (24) and multiple described temperature sensor (25) all join with the signal input part of described fermentation controller, described display screen (23), air pump (15), mateiral pump (18) and raw material recycle pump (20) all join with the signal output part of described fermentation controller.
2. according to stagewise strength claimed in claim 1, stir fermentation unit, it is characterized in that: described fermentation controller comprises micro controller module (21-1) and the power module (21-2) for each electricity consumption module for power supply in fermentation controller, the input terminus of described micro controller module (21-1) is connected to the clock circuit module (21-3) that is used to fermentation controller that real-time clock signal is provided, the output terminal of described micro controller module (21-1) is connected to air pump driving mechanism (21-4), mateiral pump driving mechanism (21-5) and raw material recycle pump driving mechanism (21-6), and multiple rly. (21-7) that the power on/off of multiple described well heaters (9) is controlled and multiple working station indicators (21-8) that the working order of multistage described fermentation unit is indicated of being respectively used to of being respectively used to, described action button (22), pressure warning unit (24) and multiple described temperature sensor (25) all join with the signal input part of described micro controller module (21-1), described display screen (23) joins with the signal output part of described micro controller module (21-1), described air pump (15) joins with the signal output part of described air pump driving mechanism (21-4), described mateiral pump (18) joins with the signal output part of described mateiral pump driving mechanism (21-5), described raw material recycle pump (20) joins with the signal output part of described raw material recycle pump driving mechanism (21-6).
3. according to the stagewise strength described in claim 1 or 2, stir fermentation unit, it is characterized in that: described action button (22) comprises charging control button (22-1), raw material cycle control button (22-2) and mixing control button (22-3).
4. according to the stagewise strength described in claim 1 or 2, stir fermentation unit, it is characterized in that: described fermentation control system comprises the supervisory control computer (26) that is arranged on Control Room, on described micro controller module (21-1), be connected to the communication circuit module (27) for being connected by wired or wireless mode and communicating by letter with described supervisory control computer (26).
5. according to stagewise strength claimed in claim 1, stir fermentation unit, it is characterized in that: described biogas recirculation system (28) comprises the biogas liquid packing (28-1) connecting successively, water trap (28-2), devulcanizer (28-3), Marsh gas compression machine (28-4), gas-holder (28-5) and biogas pressure regulating box (28-6), the inlet mouth of described biogas liquid packing (28-1) is connected with described venting port (4), the exit of described biogas pressure regulating box (28-6) is connected with the user's biogas transport pipe (28-7) for biogas being transported to user place, described bottom blowing compressed biogas delivery manifold road (14) is connected with described user's biogas transport pipe (28-7).
6. according to stagewise strength claimed in claim 1, stir fermentation unit, it is characterized in that: the described raw material recycle system (29) comprises the marsh gas raw materials pond (29-1) and the marsh gas raw materials pretreatment pool (29-2) that connect successively, described biogas residue-biogas liquid pool (2) is connected with the biogas residue and biogas liquid entrance of described marsh gas raw materials pretreatment pool (29-2) by natural pond liquid reflux line (30), and described raw material delivery manifold road (17) is connected with the marsh gas raw materials outlet of described marsh gas raw materials pretreatment pool (29-2).
7. according to stagewise strength claimed in claim 1, stir fermentation unit, it is characterized in that: described well heater (9) is disk electric heater.
8. according to stagewise strength claimed in claim 1, stir fermentation unit, it is characterized in that: described bottom blowing compressed biogas shower nozzle (12) consists of concealed Venturi pipe.
9. according to stagewise strength claimed in claim 1, stir fermentation unit, it is characterized in that: described agitating vane (13) is spiral belt agitating vane.
10. according to stagewise strength claimed in claim 1, stir fermentation unit, it is characterized in that: described Residue extraction pipeline (7) is downward-sloping is connected to described slag-drip opening (6) above, is connected with check valve (31) on described Residue extraction pipeline (7).
CN201320789009.6U 2013-11-30 2013-11-30 Staged pneumatic stirring fermentation device Active CN203582867U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103602585A (en) * 2013-11-30 2014-02-26 西安建筑科技大学 Grading type bottom-blowing pneumatic stirring biogas fermentation system
CN104357322A (en) * 2014-11-29 2015-02-18 西安建筑科技大学 Laboratory continuous biogas anaerobic fermentation device
CN104789462A (en) * 2015-05-19 2015-07-22 农业部沼气科学研究所 Solid raw material biogas fermentation device
CN104986932A (en) * 2015-07-29 2015-10-21 攸县志锟生态有机肥有限公司 Multi-layer vertical biological fermentation drying column and drying method
CN114032255A (en) * 2022-01-11 2022-02-11 中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所 Anaerobic digestion method for improving biogas production efficiency

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103602585A (en) * 2013-11-30 2014-02-26 西安建筑科技大学 Grading type bottom-blowing pneumatic stirring biogas fermentation system
CN103602585B (en) * 2013-11-30 2014-11-26 西安建筑科技大学 Grading type bottom-blowing pneumatic stirring biogas fermentation system
CN104357322A (en) * 2014-11-29 2015-02-18 西安建筑科技大学 Laboratory continuous biogas anaerobic fermentation device
CN104357322B (en) * 2014-11-29 2016-01-13 西安建筑科技大学 A kind of use for laboratory continous way marsh gas anaerobic fermentation apparatus
CN104789462A (en) * 2015-05-19 2015-07-22 农业部沼气科学研究所 Solid raw material biogas fermentation device
CN104986932A (en) * 2015-07-29 2015-10-21 攸县志锟生态有机肥有限公司 Multi-layer vertical biological fermentation drying column and drying method
CN104986932B (en) * 2015-07-29 2017-08-04 攸县志锟生态有机肥有限公司 A kind of Multilayer vertical biofermentation desiccation tower and drying method
CN114032255A (en) * 2022-01-11 2022-02-11 中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所 Anaerobic digestion method for improving biogas production efficiency

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