CN203575114U - High-speed high-voltage pulse air-blowing red date harvester - Google Patents

High-speed high-voltage pulse air-blowing red date harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203575114U
CN203575114U CN201320811191.0U CN201320811191U CN203575114U CN 203575114 U CN203575114 U CN 203575114U CN 201320811191 U CN201320811191 U CN 201320811191U CN 203575114 U CN203575114 U CN 203575114U
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China
Prior art keywords
air outlet
frame
red date
air
connecting rod
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Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201320811191.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郭文松
王伟
张宏
罗树丽
杨磊
廖结安
冯伟
赵飞
王浩波
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Tarim University
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Tarim University
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Priority to CN201320811191.0U priority Critical patent/CN203575114U/en
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Publication of CN203575114U publication Critical patent/CN203575114U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to forest fruit harvesting mechanical equipment for harvesting red dates in a jujube orchard, and particularly relates to a high-speed high-voltage pulse air-blowing red date harvester. The high-speed high-voltage pulse air-blowing red date harvester mainly comprises a frame and a travelling wheel, wherein two sets of harvesting devices are arranged on the frame in a bilateral symmetry mode, each set of the harvesting devices comprises a high-pressure blower, a wind conveying pipeline, a plurality of air outlets, an air outlet wobble mechanism and a fruit conveying belt; the air outlet wobble mechanism comprises a hydraulic motor, a driving gear, a driven gear, a front connecting rod, a rear connecting rod, a wobble gear, a rack and a connecting rod; the air outlets positioned on the same side of the frame are connected through the air outlet wobble mechanism, and the air outlet wobble mechanism can be used for driving the air outlets to swing left and right or up and down. The high-speed high-voltage pulse air-blowing red date harvester is simple in structure, low in manufacturing cost, reliable in operation, and high in harvesting efficiency and has no mechanical damage to fruit trees.

Description

A kind of high speed and high pressure pulse air-sweeping type red date reaping machine
Technical field
The utility model belongs to woods fruit harvest machinery equipment, for the results of Dui Zao garden red date, is specifically related to a kind of high speed and high pressure pulse air-sweeping type red date reaping machine.
Background technology
Red date nutrient enriches and jujube tree can be checked winds and fixed drifting sand, and its economic worth and the ecological value are high.Constantly advance take defend and control sand as main Forestry Ecological System Construction, take characteristic industry of planting forest or fruit tress as main forestry industry System Construction and the ecological culture System Construction of rich connotation be the important directions of Xinjiang 12 forest developments.Xinjiang red dates cultivated area has broken through 6,000,000 mu at present, wherein downgrades dense planting red date cultivated area and has broken through 2,000,000 mu, and downgrade dense planting red date cultivated area every year with 30% speed increase, and development is swift and violent.
Red date gathers or adopts traditional manual method at present, and in Xinjiang South Sinkiang, Xinjiang especially, due to reasons such as the weather temperature difference are large, dry, having arrived red date harvest season a big chunk red date need to manually pick up, picking up of red date needs a large amount of labours, increased planting cost and the benefit of jujube agriculture.The development of this red date reaping machine has very large economic benefit and social benefit.
Summary of the invention
It is a kind of simple in structure, cheap that the purpose of this utility model is to provide, and has reliable operation, and efficiency of crop is high, the high speed and high pressure pulse air-sweeping type red date reaping machine that fruit tree is had no mechanical damage.
The utility model discloses a kind of high speed and high pressure pulse air-sweeping type red date reaping machine, mainly comprise frame 1, road wheel 8, it is characterized in that in frame 1, left and right is arranged with two groups of harvesting apparatus, described in every group, harvesting apparatus comprises high pressure positive blower 2, wind conveying pipe road 3, a plurality of air outlet 4, air outlet wabbler mechanism 5, fruit conveyer belt 9;
Described air outlet 4 is connected with described wind conveying pipe road 3 by flexible pipe 6, and the air outlet 4 that is positioned at frame 1 the same side utilizes air outlet wabbler mechanism 5 to connect, and by air outlet wabbler mechanism 5, can be driven air outlet 4 left and right or be swung up and down;
Described air outlet wabbler mechanism 5 comprises hydraulic motor 11, driving gear 14, driven gear 15, front rod 12, back link 13, wobble gear 17, tooth bar 16, connecting rod 18, described driving gear 14 is connected with the power take-off of hydraulic motor 11, driven gear 15 is meshed with driving gear 14, described front rod 12 is connected with driven gear 15 central shafts, front rod 12 is hinged with back link 13 ends, the other end of back link 13 is fixedly connected with tooth bar 16, wobble gear 17 is located at tooth bar 16 belows, wobble gear 17 is fixedly connected with connecting rod 18, described connecting rod 18 is fixedly connected with air outlet 4, by wobble gear 17 and tooth bar 16 engaged transmission, make connecting rod 18 drive air outlet 4 to swing.
Described air outlet 4 is preferably made into horn mouth shape, and air outlet 4 is installed on the left and right sides, the upside or tilting of frame 1 according to actual needs.
Described frame 1 below is preferably provided with complete machine lifting hydraulic mechanism 7, and described complete machine lifting hydraulic mechanism 7 is located at the bottom of machine frame at two sides 1, is divided into two groups, and every group of complete machine lifting hydraulic mechanism 7 includes hydraulic jack 10.
In use, red date reaping machine in results process, frame ride with red jujube tree on, red jujube tree is surrounded on to vehicle frame inside.This complete machine mechanism both can adopt from walking also can utilize tractor-drawn to realize the motion of reaping machine.During reaping machine work, complete machine frame rides on red jujube tree, the wind-force that high pressure positive blower provides, is sent to air outlet by wind conveying pipe road, then utilizes air outlet wabbler mechanism to make air outlet waggle, will produce so a kind of high speed and high pressure pulse wind-force, when wind-force acts on jujube tree, can make jujube tree and the vibration of jujube branch, finally realize the separation of red date, separated red date can drop on conveyer belt, is finally transported in red date collecting box.
The road wheel of red date reaping machine is installed on the bottom of frame, assembling is in frame, air outlet can be with different arranged distribution in the left and right sides or the top of frame, between air outlet and blower fan, rely on wind conveying pipe road, flexible pipe to be connected, air outlet is made into the shape of loudspeaker, or other similar shape, the air outlet that is positioned at the same side connects with connecting rod, and air outlet wabbler mechanism is connected with connecting rod and can drives about air outlet or swing up and down (specifically according to air outlet, arrange and determine).Wabbler mechanism drives air outlet to swing by tooth bar, wobble gear, and it shakes frequency and the amplitude of shaking can be adjusted according to actual needs.
This red date reaping machine can carry out the adjustment of height by complete machine lifting hydraulic mechanism 7 to frame, can carry out operation for the jujube tree of differing heights, is particularly useful for downgrading the jujube tree of the cropping pattern of close planting type.Machinery does not directly contact with jujube tree when operation, can reduce to the full extent the damage to jujube tree in results process.This red date harvesting apparatus has reliable operation, and efficiency of crop is high, to features such as fruit tree have no mechanical damage.
accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the reference configuration schematic diagram of the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the air outlet wabbler mechanism in the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 3 is the wobble gear 17 of the air outlet wabbler mechanism in Fig. 2, the annexation structural representation of tooth bar 16 and connecting rod 18.
Shown in figure: 1 is frame, 2 is high pressure positive blower, and 3 is wind conveying pipe road, 4 is air outlet, and 5 is air outlet wabbler mechanism, and 6 is flexible pipe, 7 is complete machine lifting hydraulic mechanism, and 8 is road wheel, and 9 is fruit conveyer belt, 10 is hydraulic jack, and 11 is hydraulic motor, and 12 is front rod, 13 is back link, and 14 is driving gear, and 15 is driven gear, 16 is tooth bar, and 17 is wobble gear, and 18 is connecting rod.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1:
With reference to Fig. 1-Fig. 3, the utility model is a kind of high speed and high pressure pulse air-sweeping type red date reaping machine, mainly comprise frame 1, road wheel 8, it is characterized in that in frame 1, left and right is arranged with two groups of harvesting apparatus, described in every group, harvesting apparatus comprises high pressure positive blower 2, wind conveying pipe road 3, a plurality of air outlet 4, air outlet wabbler mechanism 5, fruit conveyer belt 9;
Described air outlet 4 is connected with described wind conveying pipe road 3 by flexible pipe 6, and the air outlet 4 that is positioned at frame 1 the same side utilizes air outlet wabbler mechanism 5 to connect, and by air outlet wabbler mechanism 5, can be driven air outlet 4 left and right or be swung up and down;
Described air outlet wabbler mechanism 5 comprises hydraulic motor 11, driving gear 14, driven gear 15, front rod 12, back link 13, wobble gear 17, tooth bar 16, connecting rod 18, described driving gear 14 is connected with the power take-off of hydraulic motor 11, driven gear 15 is meshed with driving gear 14, described front rod 12 is connected with driven gear 15 central shafts, front rod 12 is hinged with back link 13 ends, the other end of back link 13 is fixedly connected with tooth bar 16, wobble gear 17 is located at tooth bar 16 belows, wobble gear 17 is fixedly connected with connecting rod 18, described connecting rod 18 is fixedly connected with air outlet 4, by wobble gear 17 and tooth bar 16 engaged transmission, make connecting rod 18 drive air outlet 4 to swing.
In use, red date reaping machine in results process, frame ride with red jujube tree on, red jujube tree is surrounded on to frame lower, this complete machine both can adopt from walking also can utilize tractor-drawn to realize the motion of reaping machine.During reaping machine work, complete machine frame rides on red jujube tree, the wind-force that high pressure positive blower provides, is sent to air outlet by wind conveying pipe road, then utilizes rocking equipment to make air outlet waggle, will produce so a kind of high speed and high pressure pulse wind-force, when wind-force acts on jujube tree, can make jujube tree and the vibration of jujube branch, finally realize the separation of red date, separated red date can drop on conveyer belt, is finally transported in red date collecting box.
Embodiment 2:
With reference to Fig. 1-Fig. 3, to compare with embodiment 1, the difference of the present embodiment is: described air outlet 4 is made into horn mouth shape, air outlet 4 is installed on the left and right sides, the upside or tilting of frame 1 according to actual needs.
Embodiment 3:
Compare with embodiment 2, the difference of the present embodiment is: described frame 1 below is provided with complete machine lifting hydraulic mechanism 7, described complete machine lifting hydraulic mechanism 7 is located at the bottom of machine frame at two sides 1, is divided into two groups, and every group of complete machine lifting hydraulic mechanism 7 includes hydraulic jack 10.
Embodiment 4:
With reference to Fig. 1-Fig. 3, to compare with embodiment 1, the difference of the present embodiment is: described air outlet 4 is installed on each side two of frame 1.

Claims (4)

1. a high speed and high pressure pulse air-sweeping type red date reaping machine, mainly comprise frame (1), road wheel (8), it is characterized in that the upper left and right of frame (1) is arranged with two groups of harvesting apparatus, described in every group, harvesting apparatus comprises high pressure positive blower (2), wind conveying pipe road (3), a plurality of air outlet (4), air outlet wabbler mechanism (5), fruit conveyer belt (9);
Described air outlet (4) is connected with described wind conveying pipe road (3) by flexible pipe (6), the air outlet (4) that is positioned at frame (1) the same side utilizes air outlet wabbler mechanism (5) to connect, and by air outlet wabbler mechanism (5), can be driven air outlet (4) left and right or be swung up and down;
Described air outlet wabbler mechanism (5) comprises hydraulic motor (11), driving gear (14), driven gear (15), front rod (12), back link (13), wobble gear (17), tooth bar (16), connecting rod (18), described driving gear (14) is connected with the power take-off of hydraulic motor (11), driven gear (15) is meshed with driving gear (14), described front rod (12) is connected with driven gear (15) central shaft, front rod (12) is hinged with back link (13) end, the other end of back link (13) is fixedly connected with tooth bar (16), wobble gear (17) is located at tooth bar (16) below, wobble gear (17) is fixedly connected with connecting rod (18), described connecting rod (18) is fixedly connected with air outlet (4), by wobble gear (17) and tooth bar (16) engaged transmission, make connecting rod (18) drive air outlet (4) to swing.
2. high speed and high pressure pulse air-sweeping type red date reaping machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described air outlet (4) is made into horn mouth shape, air outlet (4) is installed on the left and right sides, the upside or tilting of frame (1) according to actual needs.
3. high speed and high pressure pulse air-sweeping type red date reaping machine according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described frame (1) below is provided with complete machine lifting hydraulic mechanism (7), described complete machine lifting hydraulic mechanism (7) is located at the bottom of machine frame at two sides (1), be divided into two groups, every group of complete machine lifting hydraulic mechanism (7) includes hydraulic jack (10).
4. high speed and high pressure pulse air-sweeping type red date reaping machine according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described air outlet (4) is installed on each side two of frame (1).
CN201320811191.0U 2013-12-11 2013-12-11 High-speed high-voltage pulse air-blowing red date harvester Withdrawn - After Issue CN203575114U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320811191.0U CN203575114U (en) 2013-12-11 2013-12-11 High-speed high-voltage pulse air-blowing red date harvester

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320811191.0U CN203575114U (en) 2013-12-11 2013-12-11 High-speed high-voltage pulse air-blowing red date harvester

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103797977A (en) * 2013-12-11 2014-05-21 塔里木大学 High-speed high-voltage pulse air-sweeping type red date harvesting machine
CN108738695A (en) * 2018-06-25 2018-11-06 王影 A kind of date palm closed string obtains structure
CN107996142B (en) * 2017-11-28 2020-12-18 东北大学 Red date picking device based on high-speed airflow injection and screening and use method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103797977A (en) * 2013-12-11 2014-05-21 塔里木大学 High-speed high-voltage pulse air-sweeping type red date harvesting machine
CN103797977B (en) * 2013-12-11 2016-02-03 塔里木大学 A kind of high speed and high pressure pulse air-sweeping type red date reaping machine
CN107996142B (en) * 2017-11-28 2020-12-18 东北大学 Red date picking device based on high-speed airflow injection and screening and use method
CN108738695A (en) * 2018-06-25 2018-11-06 王影 A kind of date palm closed string obtains structure

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AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20140507

Effective date of abandoning: 20160203

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting