CN203572053U - Double-layer multi-channel turbulent flow solar air collector - Google Patents

Double-layer multi-channel turbulent flow solar air collector Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203572053U
CN203572053U CN201320721962.7U CN201320721962U CN203572053U CN 203572053 U CN203572053 U CN 203572053U CN 201320721962 U CN201320721962 U CN 201320721962U CN 203572053 U CN203572053 U CN 203572053U
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China
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heat collector
isolation
deflector
heat collecting
double
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201320721962.7U
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Chinese (zh)
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张勇
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张勇
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

The utility model discloses a double-layer multi-channel turbulent flow solar air collector, belongs to the field of solar heat utilization equipment, and particularly relates to a flat plate type solar air collector. The solar air collector comprises a box body type shell (1) and a heat collecting plate arranged inside the shell (1). A light transmitting cover plate (12) is installed on the face, facing the sun, of the shell (1). The solar air collector is characterized in that the heat collecting plate (13) is arranged at the rear of the light transmitting cover plate (12) and divides an inner cavity, at the rear of the light transmitting cover plate (12), of the shell (1) into a front layer closed heat collecting chamber and a rear layer closed heat collecting chamber; flow guide communicating pores (14) of the two heat collecting chambers are formed in the upper portion of the heat collecting plate (13), and a plurality of separation flow guide plates are installed on the front closed heat collecting chamber and the rear closed heat collecting chamber respectively. According to the double-layer multi-channel turbulent flow solar air collector, the interior of the shell is divided into the two layers of heat collecting chambers, the interiors of the heat collecting chambers are divided into multiple channels, and therefore air path is fully increased; by the combination of circular-arc-shaped flow guide angles at the end of the heat collecting plate, air is made to flow according to the set path, and therefore the heat collecting effect is fully enhanced.

Description

Double-deck multichannel flow-disturbing solar energy air heat collector
Technical field
Double-deck multichannel flow-disturbing solar energy air heat collector, belongs to solar thermal utilization apparatus field, is specifically related to a kind of plate type solar air collector.
Background technology
Solar energy air heat collector is a kind of solar heat collector take air as heating agent, be widely used in solar heating, ventilate, the indoor warm braw supply such as dehumidifying field, wherein modal version has plate type solar air collector and vacuum tube solar heating element etc., compared with vacuum tube solar heating element, flat too can air collector to have structure simpler, the seal request of housing is lower, and do not need the advantages such as antifreeze, but existing flat type solar heat collector is mostly because the design of heat collector cavity cell structure is unreasonable, with the hot-air of temperature, do not have according to the setting of runner, to carry out flowing of maximum back-haul completely, but select nearest runner to slip away, so that cause collecting efficiency lower, the shortcomings such as heat loss is larger.
Summary of the invention
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is: overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of double-deck multichannel flow-disturbing solar energy air heat collector that actual back-haul is long, thermal-arrest rate is high, heat loss is little of air is provided.
The utility model solves the technical scheme that its technical problem adopts: this bilayer multichannel flow-disturbing solar energy air heat collector, comprises the housing of box-type and be arranged on the collecting plate of enclosure interior; Housing is provided with air inlet and gas outlet, in inner walls, be equipped with heat-insulation layer, housing is provided with euphotic cover plate towards sunny side, it is characterized in that: the rear of described euphotic cover plate is provided with collecting plate, by collecting plate, the housing inner chamber at euphotic cover plate rear is divided into the thermal-arrest chamber of former and later two sealings, collecting plate top is provided with and is communicated with the water conservancy diversion intercommunicating pore of Liang Ge heat collecting chamber, and is separately installed with multiple isolation deflectors the heat collector cavity of former and later two sealings is indoor.Euphotic cover plate adopts double-layer vacuum light-passing board sunlight board or double glazing to fill the cellular filler of printing opacity with heat insulation printing opacity; Isolation deflector adopts galvanized sheet or aluminium section bar, and collecting plate adopts metal material steel plate or aluminium sheet to apply selective absorbing film and makes, and keeps good heat absorption and thermal conduction characteristic; By water conservancy diversion intercommunicating pore, be communicated with upper and lower two-layer thermal-arrest chamber, make to need the air of heating to flow through successively to flow through successively again after each cavity of heat collector cavity each cavity of lower heat collector cavity, or reverse circulated; In front and back circulation of air chamber, according to the circulation order of air, in the end the end of the circulation of air cavity of circulation is convinced stream intercommunicating pore by patient analysis, makes the each circulation cavity of heated air stream through front and back heat collector cavity.
The vertical setting of collecting plate that described isolation deflector is middle with two thermal-arrest chambers, by isolating deflector by two indoor circulation of air cavities that are divided into respectively many strips that are connected to end of heat collector cavity.
The described indoor isolation deflector of two heat collector cavities is the perpendicular isolation deflector of putting of longitudinal installation, perpendicular put isolation deflector and collecting plate welding or riveted joint, by the perpendicular circulation of air cavity of isolating deflector two thermal-arrest chambers are divided into respectively many vertical bar shapes that are connected of putting.
The mutual vertical interlaced setting of isolation deflector that two described heat collector cavities are indoor, front heat collector cavity is indoor is installed with horizontally disposed many horizontal isolation deflectors, many of the indoor vertical installations of rear heat collector cavity are erected and are put isolation deflector, by horizontal isolation deflector, front thermal-arrest chamber are divided into the circulation of air cavity of many horizontal stripe shapes that are connected; By the perpendicular circulation of air cavity of putting isolation deflector rear thermal-arrest chamber is divided into many vertical bar shapes that are connected.
The mutual vertical interlaced setting of isolation deflector that two described heat collector cavities are indoor, many perpendicular isolation deflectors of putting of the indoor vertical installation of front heat collector cavity, rear heat collector cavity is indoor is installed with horizontally disposed many horizontal isolation deflectors, by the perpendicular circulation of air cavity of putting isolation deflector front thermal-arrest chamber is divided into many vertical bar shapes that are connected; By horizontal isolation deflector, rear thermal-arrest chamber is divided into the circulation of air cavity of many horizontal stripe shapes that are connected.
Described collecting plate adopts four sides end to be fixed on aluminium section bar or galvanized sheet frame is inner and sealing.
On the plate body surface of described collecting plate, to be provided with convex closure or the strip of multiple turbulent airflow that are uniform staggered with protruding stupefied with the plane that contacts of isolation deflector.
Described isolation deflector is Z-shaped, L shaped or T shape, in the one side that contacts with collecting plate or base plate of vertical plane of isolation deflector, be processed with multiple convex closures that are uniform staggered with or strip protruding stupefied.Institute, by setting up concavo-convex bag or strip concave-convex edge groove, increases the flow-disturbing effect of collecting plate self, extends the time of contact of air and collecting plate, strengthens Heat-collecting effect.
Described isolation deflector end is all processed into the channelization angle of circular arc.The circulation that is conducive to air reduces air drag.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effect that this binary channels flow-disturbing solar energy air heat collector has is:
1, reasonable in design, collecting efficiency are high: heat collector cavity before and after not only enclosure interior being separated into, abundant thermal-arrest in front heat collector cavity, and the air of pre-heated flow warp, in the hot chamber of rear thermal-arrest, fully absorb this part heat, and adopt double-layer vacuum to process or filled honeycomb body transparent material to the light-passing board of front heat collecting chamber, fully guarantee Heat-collecting effect, for high thermal-arrest rate provides safeguard.
2, increase air back-haul, reduce heat loss: also can multiple thermal-arrest cavities district will be also separated in heat collector cavity, and the setting party of the isolation deflector in multiple thermal-arrest cavities district is to difference, fully increased the back-haul of air, in conjunction with isolation deflector, choose the setting of end circular arc channelization angle, not only reduce the resistance of collecting plate end to air, also forced air to complete circulation according to the back-haul of setting, fully absorbed the self-contained heat of air.
3, on the plate body surface of collecting plate or collecting plate, be equipped with multiple concavo-convex bags or strip concave-convex edge groove, the concavo-convex bag of setting up by these or strip concave-convex edge groove, increase the flow-disturbing effect of collecting plate self, extended the time of contact of air and collecting plate, further strengthen Heat-collecting effect, reduce heat-energy losses.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the side view cross-sectional schematic of embodiment 1.
Fig. 2 is the front view cross-sectional schematic of embodiment 2.
Fig. 3 is the front view cross-sectional schematic of embodiment 3.
Fig. 4 is the internal structure decomposing schematic representation of embodiment 2.
Fig. 5 is the internal structure decomposing schematic representation of embodiment 1.
Wherein: 1, housing 2, heat-insulation layer 3, air inlet 4, air cleaner 5, horizontal isolation deflector 6, channelization angle 7, overtemperature protection mouth 8, gas outlet 9, backboard 10, base plate 11, perpendicular isolation deflector 12, euphotic cover plate 13, collecting plate 14, the water conservancy diversion intercommunicating pore put.
The specific embodiment
Fig. 1, the 5th, the most preferred embodiment of this binary channels flow-disturbing solar energy air heat collector, is described further below in conjunction with 1 ~ 5 pair of this binary channels flow-disturbing solar energy air heat collector of accompanying drawing.
Embodiment 1: with reference to accompanying drawing 1 and 5; this binary channels flow-disturbing solar energy air heat collector; comprise the base plate 10 that the heat-insulation layer 2 laid on the housing 1, housing 1 inwall of box-type, the layer of metal that heat-insulation layer 2 upper surfaces cover are made; the air inlet 3 and the gas outlet 8 that on housing 1, arrange; air inlet 3 places are provided with air cleaner 4; 8 places, gas outlet are provided with headstock gear, and housing 1 top one side is also provided with overtemperature protection mouth 7.Housing 1 is the casing of a lateral opening, the one side of Chaoyang is opening surface, euphotic cover plate 12 is installed on opening surface, the rear of euphotic cover plate 12 is provided with collecting plate 13, by collecting plate 13, housing 1 inner chamber at euphotic cover plate 12 rears is divided into the thermal-arrest chamber of former and later two sealings, collecting plate 13 tops are provided with the water conservancy diversion intercommunicating pore 14 of Liang Ge heat collecting chamber, and at the thermal-arrest chamber of former and later two sealings, multiple isolation deflectors are installed respectively.Euphotic cover plate 12 can be solar energy special glass plate sunlight board, with solar energy special glass plate the best of double-deck hollow.
Two indoor isolation deflector vertical interlaceds of heat collector cavity arrange, front heat collector cavity is indoor is installed with horizontally disposed many horizontal isolation deflectors 5, many perpendicular putting of the indoor vertical installation of rear heat collector cavity are isolated deflectors 11, by horizontal isolation deflector 5, front thermal-arrest chamber are divided into the circulation of air cavity of many horizontal stripe shapes that are connected; By the perpendicular circulation of air cavity of putting isolation deflector 11 rear thermal-arrest chamber is divided into many vertical bar shapes that are connected.
All right, two indoor collecting plate vertical interlaceds of heat collector cavity arrange, many perpendicular isolation deflectors 11 of putting of the indoor vertical installation of front heat collector cavity, rear heat collector cavity is indoor is installed with horizontally disposed many horizontal isolation deflectors 5, by the perpendicular circulation of air cavity of putting isolation deflector 11 front thermal-arrest chamber is divided into many vertical bar shapes that are connected; By horizontal isolation deflector 5, rear thermal-arrest chamber is divided into the circulation of air cavity of many horizontal stripe shapes that are connected.
Collecting plate 13 and isolation deflector are the metallic plate that heat conductivility is good and make, and collecting plate 13 is fixedly mounted between housing 1 inwall and transparent cover plate 12.Isolation deflector one end is equipped with circular-arc channelization angle 6, channelization angle 6 intervals between adjacent isolation deflector arrange, the snakelike back-haul that forms continuous flow between multiple isolation deflectors, the protrusion direction of channelization angle 6 arranges according to the flow direction of actual air.
In addition, on the plate body surface of collecting plate 13 or isolation deflector, also can be provided with multiple flow-disturbing convex closures or strip groove, shape, the size of convex closure and the rule of arranging can be carried out free adjustment, flow-disturbing convex closure or the strip groove by these, set up, increase the flow-disturbing effect of isolation deflector and collecting plate 13 self, extended the time of contact of air and collecting plate.
The course of work is as follows: when work, when above, one deck heat collector cavity is indoor is horizontal isolation deflector 5, one deck heat collector cavity is indoor is below perpendicular putting while isolating deflector 11, outdoor cold air is first by through the indoor thermal-arrest that carries out of one deck heat collector cavity above, collecting plate 13 absorbs this part heat, outdoor cold air from air inlet 3 through after air filters 4, enter one deck heat collector cavity above indoor below a horizontal stripe shape circulation of air cavity of the most close air inlet 3, then flow through successively and be communicated with by many horizontal isolation deflector 5 head and the tail the snakelike circulation of air cavity forming, air absorbs the heat of horizontal isolation deflector 5 in the process of circulation, the temperature of air raises gradually, then air enters by the water conservancy diversion intercommunicating pore 14 between former and later two thermal-arrest chambers that one deck heat collector cavity is indoor below, flow through successively by multiple perpendicular circulation of air cavities of putting many vertical bar shapes that are connected that isolation deflector 11 forms, finally from the gas outlet 8 of housing 1 top, flow out.
When above, one deck heat collector cavity is indoor is the perpendicular isolation deflector 11 of putting, one deck heat collector cavity is indoor below while being horizontal isolation deflector 5, air is first flowed through successively by many perpendicular circulation of air cavities of putting many vertical bar shapes that are connected that isolation deflector 11 forms, by the water conservancy diversion intercommunicating pore 14 between two thermal-arrest chambers, enter again that one deck heat collector cavity is indoor below, then flow through successively and be communicated with by many horizontal isolation deflector 5 head and the tail the snakelike circulation of air cavity forming, finally from the gas outlet 8 of housing 1 top, flow out.
Embodiment 2: be horizontal isolation deflector 5 with reference to 2 and 4, two collecting plates that heat collector cavity is indoor of accompanying drawing, by horizontal isolation deflector 5, two thermal-arrest chambers be divided into respectively to the air stream cavity of many horizontal stripe shapes that are connected.
When work, first air enters the horizontal stripe shape air communication channel of the most close air inlet 3 of one deck thermal-arrest chamber foot above, flow through the successively circulation of air cavity of many horizontal stripe shapes that are connected that formed by multiple horizontal isolation deflectors 5, then enter one deck thermal-arrest chamber below, the circulation of air cavity of indoor many horizontal stripe shapes that are connected that formed by multiple horizontal isolation deflectors 5 of one deck heat collector cavity below of flowing through successively again, finally from the gas outlet 8 of housing 1 top, flow out, other settings and the course of work are identical with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3: be the perpendicular isolation deflector 11 of putting with reference to 3, two indoor collecting plates of heat collector cavity of accompanying drawing, by the perpendicular air stream cavity of putting isolation deflector 11 two thermal-arrest chambers are divided into respectively many vertical bar shapes that are connected.
When work, first air enters the air stream cavity of the vertical bar shape of the most close air inlet 3 of one deck thermal-arrest chamber foot above, flow through successively by multiple perpendicular air stream cavities of putting many vertical bar shapes that are connected that isolation deflector 11 forms, then enter one deck thermal-arrest chamber below, one deck heat collector cavity below of flowing through successively is again indoor by multiple perpendicular air stream cavities of putting many vertical bar shapes that are connected that isolation deflector 11 forms, air absorbs the heat on collecting plate in the process of circulation, the temperature of air raises gradually, according to the back-haul of the deflector setting snakelike back-haul communicating continuously of flowing through and being formed by multiple collecting plates one by one, finally from the gas outlet 8 of housing 1 top, flow out, other settings and the course of work are identical with embodiment 1.
The above, it is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, be not the restriction of the utility model being made to other form, any those skilled in the art may utilize the technology contents of above-mentioned announcement to be changed or be modified as the equivalent embodiment of equivalent variations.But every technical solutions of the utility model content that do not depart from, any simple modification, equivalent variations and the remodeling above embodiment done according to technical spirit of the present utility model, still belong to the protection domain of technical solutions of the utility model.

Claims (9)

1. double-deck multichannel flow-disturbing solar energy air heat collector, comprises the housing (1) of box-type and is arranged on the inner collecting plate of housing (1), housing (1) is provided with air inlet (3) and gas outlet (8), on housing (1) inwall, be equipped with heat-insulation layer (2), housing (1) is provided with euphotic cover plate (12) towards sunny side, it is characterized in that: the rear of described euphotic cover plate (12) is provided with collecting plate (13), by collecting plate (13), housing (1) inner chamber at euphotic cover plate (12) rear is divided into the thermal-arrest chamber of former and later two sealings, collecting plate (13) top is provided with the water conservancy diversion intercommunicating pore (14) that is communicated with Liang Ge heat collecting chamber, and be separately installed with multiple isolation deflectors the heat collector cavity of former and later two sealings is indoor.
2. double-deck multichannel flow-disturbing solar energy air heat collector according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the vertical setting of collecting plate (13) that described isolation deflector is middle with two thermal-arrest chambers, by isolating deflector by two indoor circulation of air cavities that are divided into respectively many strips that are connected to end of heat collector cavity.
3. double-deck multichannel flow-disturbing solar energy air heat collector according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the described indoor isolation deflector of two heat collector cavities is the perpendicular isolation deflector (11) of putting of longitudinal installation, perpendicular put isolation deflector (11) and collecting plate (13) welding or riveted joint, by the perpendicular circulation of air cavity of putting isolation deflector (11) two thermal-arrest chambers are divided into respectively many vertical bar shapes that are connected.
4. double-deck multichannel flow-disturbing solar energy air heat collector according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the mutual vertical interlaced setting of isolation deflector that two described heat collector cavities are indoor, indoor horizontally disposed many horizontal isolation deflectors (5) that are installed with of front heat collector cavity, many perpendicular putting of the indoor vertical installation of rear heat collector cavity are isolated deflectors (11), by horizontal isolation deflector (5), front thermal-arrest chamber are divided into the circulation of air cavity of many horizontal stripe shapes that are connected; By the perpendicular circulation of air cavity of putting isolation deflector (11) rear thermal-arrest chamber is divided into many vertical bar shapes that are connected.
5. double-deck multichannel flow-disturbing solar energy air heat collector according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the mutual vertical interlaced setting of isolation deflector that two described heat collector cavities are indoor, many perpendicular isolation deflectors (11) of putting of the indoor vertical installation of front heat collector cavity, indoor horizontally disposed many horizontal isolation deflectors (5) that are installed with of rear heat collector cavity, by the perpendicular circulation of air cavity of putting isolation deflector (11) front thermal-arrest chamber is divided into many vertical bar shapes that are connected; By horizontal isolation deflector (5), rear thermal-arrest chamber is divided into the circulation of air cavity of many horizontal stripe shapes that are connected.
6. double-deck multichannel flow-disturbing solar energy air heat collector according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: described collecting plate (13) adopts four sides end to be fixed on aluminium section bar or galvanized sheet frame is inner and sealing.
7. double-deck multichannel flow-disturbing solar energy air heat collector according to claim 6, is characterized in that: on the plate body surface of described collecting plate (13), to be provided with convex closure or the strip of multiple turbulent airflow that are uniform staggered with protruding stupefied with the plane that contacts of isolation deflector.
8. double-deck multichannel flow-disturbing solar energy air heat collector according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described isolation deflector is Z-shaped, L shaped or T shape, in the one side that contacts with collecting plate (13) or base plate (10) of vertical plane of isolation deflector, be processed with multiple convex closures that are uniform staggered with or strip protruding stupefied.
9. double-deck multichannel flow-disturbing solar energy air heat collector according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described isolation deflector end is all processed into the channelization angle (6) of circular arc.
CN201320721962.7U 2013-11-16 2013-11-16 Double-layer multi-channel turbulent flow solar air collector Expired - Fee Related CN203572053U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320721962.7U CN203572053U (en) 2013-11-16 2013-11-16 Double-layer multi-channel turbulent flow solar air collector

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320721962.7U CN203572053U (en) 2013-11-16 2013-11-16 Double-layer multi-channel turbulent flow solar air collector

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2017134631A2 (en) 2016-02-04 2017-08-10 STANGRECIAK, Malgorzata Solar air system and method of heat transfer using said solar air system
EP3420286A4 (en) * 2016-02-23 2019-10-09 Gilles Savard Air heating unit using solar energy

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2017134631A2 (en) 2016-02-04 2017-08-10 STANGRECIAK, Malgorzata Solar air system and method of heat transfer using said solar air system
EP3420286A4 (en) * 2016-02-23 2019-10-09 Gilles Savard Air heating unit using solar energy

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20140430

Termination date: 20171116