CN203562128U - Porous laparoscope simulation teaching aid - Google Patents

Porous laparoscope simulation teaching aid Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203562128U
CN203562128U CN 201320768205 CN201320768205U CN203562128U CN 203562128 U CN203562128 U CN 203562128U CN 201320768205 CN201320768205 CN 201320768205 CN 201320768205 U CN201320768205 U CN 201320768205U CN 203562128 U CN203562128 U CN 203562128U
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simulated
abdominal wall
analog
simulation
abdominal
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CN 201320768205
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刘兰峰
董晓寒
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刘兰峰
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a porous laparoscope simulation teaching aid and belongs to the general surgery clinical specialty technical field. The porous laparoscope simulation teaching aid is characterized in that the porous laparoscope simulation teaching aid includes a simulated abdominal wall, a simulated waist portion and simulated organs; the simulated abdominal wall is made of elastic rubber; the simulated organs are rubber bags; a plurality of small holes are formed in the simulated abdominal wall; the simulated abdominal wall is movably connected with the simulated waist portion; a cavity surrounded by the simulated waist portion and the simulated abdominal wall is a simulated abdominal activity; simulated operation apparatuses pass through the small holes in the simulated abdominal wall and extend into the simulated abdominal cavity; a base, the simulated organs, simulated blood vessels and nerves, and simulated lesions are arranged inside the simulated abdominal cavity; the base is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the simulated abdominal cavity; the simulated organs, the simulated lesions and the simulated vessels and nerves are arranged on the base; the simulated organs are connected with an air transfer pipe; and the air transfer pipe is connected with an air pump through the small hole in the simulated abdominal wall. Compared with the prior art, the porous laparoscope simulation teaching aid is advantageous in high-degree simulated reality, and can assist intern doctors to master operation operating skills.

Description

多孔腹腔镜模拟教具 Porous laparoscopic simulation aids

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本实用新型涉及一种模拟教具,特别是多孔腹腔镜模拟教具。 [0001] The present invention relates to an analog aids, particularly porous laparoscopic analog aids.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 腹腔镜手术是现代高科技医疗技术用电子、光学等先进设备原理来完成的手术,是传统剖腹手术的跨时代进步,它是在密闭的腹腔内进行的手术,摄像系统在良好的冷光源照明下,通过连接到腹腔内的腹腔镜体,将腹腔内的脏器摄于监视屏幕上,手术医师在高科技显示屏监视、引导下,在腹腔外操纵手术器械,对病变组织进行探查、电凝、止血、组织分离与切开、缝合等操作。 [0002] Laparoscopic surgery is a modern high-tech medical technology with the principles of electronics, optics and other advanced equipment to complete the surgery, the era of progress across traditional laparotomy, it is the surgery performed in a closed abdominal cavity, camera system in good cold light illumination through the laparoscopic telescope connected to the body in the abdominal cavity, the abdominal organ is taken on the monitor screen, the surgeon at the high-tech display monitor, the guide, in the abdominal cavity to manipulate the surgical instrument of diseased tissue probe, coagulation, hemostasis, and tissue separate incision, suturing operation. 它是电子、光学、摄像等高科技技术在临床手术中应用的典范,具有创伤小、并发症少、安全、康复快的特点,深受患者的欢迎,尤其是术后瘢痕小、又符合美学要求,青年病人更乐意接受,腹腔镜手术是外科发展的总趋势和追求目标,目前,随着腹腔镜技术的日益完善和腹腔镜医生操作水平的提高,几乎所有的外科手术都能采用这种手术,在治疗外科疾病中的作用已越来越受到人们的瞩目。 It is a model of electronic, optical, video and other high technology applications in clinical surgery with less trauma, fewer complications, safe and quick recovery features, welcomed by patients, especially small scar, but also with aesthetics requirements, young patients are more willing to accept, laparoscopic surgery is the general trend of development and the pursuit of the goal of surgery now, with the increasing improvement and increase the level of laparoscopic operation doctors laparoscopic techniques, almost all of the surgical procedures can use this surgery in the treatment of surgical diseases has been more and more people's attention.

[0003] 腹腔镜手术是一门不同于传统的全新手术技术,除了理念、设备和手术器械的不同外,还具有技术操作的特殊性和复杂性,腹腔镜外科医生除具备扎实的开放手术基础外,还必须经过腹腔镜手术技术的系统训练。 [0003] Laparoscopic surgery is a new surgical technique different from the traditional, in addition to the concept of different devices and surgical instruments, also with particularity and complexity of technical operations, in addition to laparoscopic surgeons open surgery with a solid base in addition, the system also must be trained laparoscopic surgical techniques. 现有的腹腔镜技能训练器,主要分为两种,一种为虚拟腹腔镜训练器,科技含量高,造价昂贵,目前主要依赖进口,用这种仪器对医生进行训练,不太现实;另一种为腹腔镜训练器,在我国比较常见,但大都在外形上比较简单,训练模块比较单一,调试繁琐,操作不便,达不到预期效果。 Existing laparoscopic skills trainer, is divided into two, one for virtual laparoscopic training, high-tech, expensive, mainly dependent on imports, to train doctors in this instrument, is not realistic; the other one for the laparoscopic trainer, is more common in our country, but mostly in the shape of relatively simple, relatively simple training module, debugging cumbersome, inconvenient operation, achieving the desired effects. 实际上人体腹腔内的一般是被器官充满的,而目前存在的模拟教具腹腔内很多空间一般是空着的,与实际情况不符,不能直观的体现出实际临床情况。 In fact the general in the human abdominal cavity is filled organ, and a lot of space within the existing analog aids abdominal cavity is usually empty, does not match with the actual situation, it can not directly reflect the actual clinical situation. 且常规的腹腔镜手术,需要先往患者小腹中充进3升左右的二氧化碳气体,让患者的腹部充分膨胀,留出手术空间,现有的手术模拟教具空间固定,脏器腹壁不能变形,无法做到“手术气腹”的练习操作。 And conventional laparoscopic surgery, a patient need to carbon dioxide gas into the abdominal charged about 3 liters, so that fully inflated abdomen of the patient, leaving space surgery, conventional surgical simulation aids fixed space, abdominal organs can not be deformed, can not do "surgery Veress' practice operations.

实用新型内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本实用新型的技术任务是针对以上现有技术的不足,提供一种多孔腹腔镜模拟教具。 [0004] The technical task of the present invention is to solve the above deficiencies of the prior art, there is provided a porous laparoscopic simulation aids.

[0005] 本实用新型解决其技术问题的技术方案是:一种多孔腹腔镜模拟教具,其特征在于:包括模拟腹壁、模拟腰部和模拟器官;所述模拟腹壁为弹性橡胶;模拟腹壁上设有多个小孔,模拟腹壁和模拟腰部活动连接;模拟腰部与模拟腹壁围成的空腔为模拟腹腔,模拟手术器械穿过模拟腹壁上的小孔伸入到模拟腹腔内;所述模拟腹腔内设有底座、模拟器官、模拟血管和神经、模拟病变处;所述模拟器官为橡胶囊袋,与输气管连接,所述输气管穿过模拟腹壁上的小孔与充气泵连接。 [0005] The present invention solve the technical problem technical solution: a porous laparoscopic simulation aids, characterized in that: the abdominal wall comprises an analog, simulated waist and organ simulation; simulated abdominal wall to the elastic rubber; abdominal wall is provided with an analog a plurality of apertures, abdominal analog and analog connections loins; simulated waist analog abdominal cavity surrounded abdominal analog, simulated surgical instrument through the aperture in the abdominal wall extends into the analog simulation abdominal cavity; said analog intraperitoneal with a base, simulated organs, blood vessels and nerve simulation, the simulated lesion; said simulated organ is a rubber bladder, connected to the pipeline, the pipeline and the inflator through the aperture on the analog connection abdominal wall.

[0006] 上述模拟腰部为硬质塑料。 [0006] The simulated waist of hard plastic.

[0007] 上述模拟血管和神经为多条弹性线条,每条模拟血管和神经上均设有张力传感器,所述张力传感器通过单片机与报警器连接。 [0007] The simulation of the vascular and nervous plurality of elastic lines, each of the simulated blood vessels and nerves are equipped with a tension sensor, a tension sensor connected to the microcontroller via the alarm. [0008] 与现有技术相比较,本实用新型具有以下突出的有益效果。 [0008] Compared with the prior art, the present invention has the following outstanding benefits.

[0009] 1、该教具有效提高了腹腔镜外科手术模拟的真实度,高度模拟腹腔镜手术的操作空间和视觉感受:,为临床医生训练及提闻腹腔镜操作技术提闻了一个良好的工具,提闻了医生的操作技术,为日后的工作打好基础。 [0009] 1, the effective teaching aids to improve the realism of simulated laparoscopic surgery, laparoscopic surgery simulation height of operating space and visual experience: for training clinicians and mention the smell laparoscopic technique to mention the smell of a good tool , mention smell the doctor's technique, lay the foundation for future work.

[0010] 2、每条模拟血管和神经上均设有张力传感器,所述张力传感器与报警器连接,当模拟手术器械对模拟血管和神经压力过大时,报警器则发挥报警功能。 [0010] 2, each of the simulated blood vessels and nerves are equipped with a tension sensor, a tension sensor connected to the alarm system, the surgical instrument when the analog simulated blood vessels and nerves pressure, the alarm play alarm. 能够帮助医生训练自己的操作力度,熟练掌握手术操作的技巧。 It can help doctors to train their own operations, and master the skill of the surgical procedure.

[0011] 3、所述模拟器官为橡胶囊袋,模拟器官与输气管连接,所述输气管穿过模拟腹壁上的小孔与充气泵连接,通过对模拟器官充气,使模拟器官充满模拟腹腔,从而与实际情况更加符合,便于实习医师全程练习操作。 [0011] 3, the simulated organ is a rubber bladder, simulated organ and connecting pipeline, the pipeline and the inflator through the aperture in the abdominal wall connecting analog, simulated organ by inflating the abdominal cavity of the analog simulation plethysmometer so more in line with the actual situation, to facilitate the full exercise intern operation.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0012] 图1是本实用新型的剖视结构示意图。 [0012] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the new structure of the present utility sectional view.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0013] 下面结合说明书附图和具体实施方式对本实用新型进一步说明。 [0013] The following further illustrate the present invention in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments pair.

[0014] 如图1所示,本实用新型包括模拟腹壁I和模拟腰部2,模拟腹壁I为弹性橡胶,模拟腰部2为硬质塑料,模拟腹壁I上设有多个小孔,模拟腹壁I和模拟腰部2活动连接。 [0014] As shown in FIG 1, the present invention includes an analog I and analog abdominal waist 2, the analog I abdominal elastic rubber, simulated waist 2 of hard plastic, I simulated abdominal wall provided with a plurality of apertures, abdominal analog I 2 and simulated waist active connections.

[0015] 模拟腰部2与模拟腹壁I围成的空腔为模拟腹腔4,模拟手术器械5穿过模拟腹壁I上的小孔伸入到模拟腹腔4内。 [0015] 2 analog waist analog I abdominal cavity is enclosed simulated abdominal cavity 4, the analog simulation surgical instrument through the abdominal wall 5 on the aperture extends into the 4 I simulated abdominal cavity.

[0016] 所述模拟腹腔4内设有底座6、模拟器官3、模拟血管和神经7和模拟病变处。 [0016] The simulated abdominal cavity base 6 equipped with 4, 3 analog organs, blood vessels and nerve simulation at 7 and simulated lesion.

[0017] 所述底座6固定设置在模拟腹腔4底部,所述模拟器官3、模拟病变处、模拟血管和神经7均设置在底座6上,所述模拟器官3为橡胶囊袋,模拟器官3与输气管8连接,所述输气管8穿过模拟腹壁I上的小孔与充气泵9连接,通过充气泵9对模拟器官3充气,使模拟器官3充满模拟腹腔4,从而与实际情况更加符合。 [0017] The base 6 is fixed to the bottom of the abdominal cavity 4 provided in the analog, the analog organ 3, the simulated lesion, blood vessels and nerves analog 7 are disposed on the base 6, the simulated organ is a rubber bladder 3, simulated organ 3 8 is connected to the pipeline, the pipeline 8 through the abdominal wall on the analog I apertures 9 are connected with the inflator, the inflator 9 through the analog pneumatic organs 3, 3 filled with the analog simulation abdominal organs 4, so that the actual situation is more meets the. 所述模拟血管和神经7为多条弹性线条,每条模拟血管和神经7上均设有张力传感器,所述张力传感器通过单片机与报警器连接,所述单片机为AT89C52,当模拟手术器械5对模拟血管和神经7牵拉力量过大时,张力传感器传来的张力大于单片机设定阈值时,报警器则发挥报警功能。 The simulated blood vessels and nerves as a plurality of elastic string 7, each analog nerves and blood vessels are equipped with a tension sensor 7, a tension sensor connected to the alarm by the microcontroller, the microcontroller AT89C52, five pairs of the surgical instrument when the analog 7 simulation blood vessels and nerves excessive pulling force, the tension sensor is greater than the tension coming from the microcontroller when the set threshold, the alarm play alarm. 能够帮助医生训练自己的操作力度,熟练掌握手术操作的技巧。 It can help doctors to train their own operations, and master the skill of the surgical procedure.

[0018] 该教具有效提高了腹腔镜外科手术模拟的真实度,高度模拟腹腔镜手术的操作空间和视觉感受,为临床医生训练及提高腹腔镜操作技术提高了一个良好的工具,提高了医生的操作技术,为日后的工作打好基础。 [0018] The teaching aids improve the realism of simulated laparoscopic surgery, laparoscopic surgery is highly simulated operating space and visual experience, and training for clinicians to improve laparoscopic techniques to improve a good tool to improve the doctor technique, lay the foundation for future work.

[0019] 需要说明的是,本实用新型的特定实施方案已经对本实用新型进行了详细描述,对于本领域的技术人员来说,在不背离本实用新型的精神和范围的情况下对它进行的各种显而易见的改变都在本实用新型的保护范围之内。 [0019] Incidentally, the present invention certain embodiments have been described in detail for the present invention, those skilled in the art, it is carried out at the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the various obvious modifications are within the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1.一种多孔腹腔镜模拟教具,其特征在于:包括模拟腹壁、模拟腰部和模拟器官;所述模拟腹壁为弹性橡胶;模拟腹壁上设有多个小孔,模拟腹壁和模拟腰部活动连接;模拟腰部与模拟腹壁围成的空腔为模拟腹腔,模拟手术器械穿过模拟腹壁上的小孔伸入到模拟腹腔内;所述模拟腹腔内设有底座、模拟器官、模拟血管和神经、模拟病变处;所述模拟器官为橡胶囊袋,与输气管连接,所述输气管穿过模拟腹壁上的小孔与充气泵连接。 1. A porous laparoscopic simulation aids, characterized in that: the abdominal wall comprises an analog, simulated waist and organ simulation; simulated abdominal wall to the elastic rubber; provided with a plurality of small holes analog abdominal wall, abdominal wall and simulated analog connection loins; simulation simulation waist and the abdominal wall surrounded abdominal cavity analog, simulated surgical instrument through the aperture in the abdominal wall extends into the analog simulation abdominal cavity; said base features a simulated abdominal cavity, simulated organs, blood vessels and nerves simulation, simulation lesions; said simulated organ is a rubber bladder, connected to the pipeline, the pipeline and the inflator through the aperture on the analog connection abdominal wall.
2.根据权利要求1所述的多孔腹腔镜模拟教具,其特征在于:所述模拟腰部为硬质塑料。 The porous analog aids laparoscope according to claim 1, wherein: said hard plastic is simulated waist.
3.根据权利要求1所述的多孔腹腔镜模拟教具,其特征在于:所述模拟血管和神经为多条弹性线条,每条模拟血管和神经上均设有张力传感器,所述张力传感器通过单片机与报警器连接。 The porous analog aids laparoscope according to claim 1, wherein: said simulated blood vessels and nerves as a plurality of elastic string, blood vessels and nerves on each analog has a tension sensor, a tension sensor through the microcontroller connected to the alarm.
CN 201320768205 2013-11-29 2013-11-29 Porous laparoscope simulation teaching aid CN203562128U (en)

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CN104200730A (en) * 2014-09-09 2014-12-10 华中科技大学 Device, method and system for virtual laparoscopic surgery
US9472121B2 (en) 2010-10-01 2016-10-18 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Portable laparoscopic trainer
US9548002B2 (en) 2013-07-24 2017-01-17 Applied Medical Resources Corporation First entry model
CN106558268A (en) * 2015-09-24 2017-04-05 北京医模科技股份有限公司 The bionical operating system of multifunctional micro-wound gynecological
US9898937B2 (en) 2012-09-28 2018-02-20 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical training model for laparoscopic procedures
US9922579B2 (en) 2013-06-18 2018-03-20 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Gallbladder model
US9940849B2 (en) 2013-03-01 2018-04-10 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Advanced surgical simulation constructions and methods
US9959786B2 (en) 2012-09-27 2018-05-01 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical training model for laparoscopic procedures
US10081727B2 (en) 2015-05-14 2018-09-25 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Synthetic tissue structures for electrosurgical training and simulation
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US9472121B2 (en) 2010-10-01 2016-10-18 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Portable laparoscopic trainer
US10198965B2 (en) 2012-08-03 2019-02-05 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Simulated stapling and energy based ligation for surgical training
US10121391B2 (en) 2012-09-27 2018-11-06 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical training model for laparoscopic procedures
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US10395559B2 (en) 2012-09-28 2019-08-27 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical training model for transluminal laparoscopic procedures
US9898937B2 (en) 2012-09-28 2018-02-20 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Surgical training model for laparoscopic procedures
US9940849B2 (en) 2013-03-01 2018-04-10 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Advanced surgical simulation constructions and methods
US10140889B2 (en) 2013-05-15 2018-11-27 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Hernia model
US9922579B2 (en) 2013-06-18 2018-03-20 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Gallbladder model
US10198966B2 (en) 2013-07-24 2019-02-05 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Advanced first entry model for surgical simulation
US10026337B2 (en) 2013-07-24 2018-07-17 Applied Medical Resources Corporation First entry model
US9548002B2 (en) 2013-07-24 2017-01-17 Applied Medical Resources Corporation First entry model
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US10354556B2 (en) 2015-02-19 2019-07-16 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Simulated tissue structures and methods
US10081727B2 (en) 2015-05-14 2018-09-25 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Synthetic tissue structures for electrosurgical training and simulation
US10223936B2 (en) 2015-06-09 2019-03-05 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Hysterectomy model
US10332425B2 (en) 2015-07-16 2019-06-25 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Simulated dissectible tissue
US10490105B2 (en) 2015-07-22 2019-11-26 Applied Medical Resources Corporation Appendectomy model
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