CN203552406U - Firefighter comprehensive monitoring command system - Google Patents

Firefighter comprehensive monitoring command system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203552406U
CN203552406U CN201320678875.8U CN201320678875U CN203552406U CN 203552406 U CN203552406 U CN 203552406U CN 201320678875 U CN201320678875 U CN 201320678875U CN 203552406 U CN203552406 U CN 203552406U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
module
wireless
unit
individual soldier
short
Prior art date
Application number
CN201320678875.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴利民
王新文
廖振浩
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南京正泽科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201320678875.8U priority Critical patent/CN203552406U/en
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Publication of CN203552406U publication Critical patent/CN203552406U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a firefighter comprehensive monitoring command system, which comprises a single pawn device, a wireless field environment parameter collector, a backfield wireless transmitting and receiving module and a CPU module, wherein the single pawn device is composed of a single pawn positioning unit, a breathing device air cylinder pressure preceding display device, a wireless chest strap physiological parameter collector and a single pawn comprehensive monitor; and the single pawn comprehensive monitor is composed of a short-range wireless module, an MCU module, a display unit, a sound-light alarm unit, a pressure sensor, a temperature sensor, a height sensor, a motion sensor, an RFID card reader, a key unit and a wireless module. The firefighter comprehensive monitoring command system not only can carry out positioning on front-line firefighters accurately and reliably by using the most advanced gyroscope and an accelerated speed algorithm, but also can feed back environment parameter of the scene of a fire, physiological parameters of the front-line firefighters, air cylinder pressure parameters and the motion state, and keep the field, the backfield and the command to be smooth, thereby improving the speed and the efficiency of rescue.

Description

A kind of fireman's comprehensive monitoring command system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of fire fighting equipment, is specifically related to a kind of fireman's comprehensive monitoring command system.
Background technology
During breaking out of fire, fireman enters into scene of fire and implements rescue, if can be in time rapidly by the intelligence aids of scene of fire to back court commanding, back court commanding just can take corresponding measure according to the actual conditions that feed back, rescue work can be carried out smoothly safely, thereby guarantee fire fighter's personal safety.
But for many years, the communication work of scene of fire is the weak link of fire-fighting and rescue always, shows as: existing communication facilities there will be blind area at large complicated building interior, causes communication disruption commander ineffective not smooth; Cannot stablize the correlation parameter that obtains scene of fire, the whether suitable fight that continues to speedily carry out rescue work in the scene of can not determine; Cannot know a line fireman physiological parameter and motion state, cannot determine that whether a line fireman is dangerous; Cannot determine a line fireman (especially investigator's) accurate location; Because situation in the scene of a fire is complicated dangerous, causing fighter's psychological stress, emotional instability when smooth with outer contact; Therefore on-the-spot inside and outside communication is not smooth, brings certain difficulty to on-the-spot commander and rescue work, and the example that a line fireman sacrifices is also of common occurrence.
Publication number is CN 202652202 " a kind of fireman's fire fighting and rescue positioning command system " although can utilize communication base station, Operation display module, individual soldier's terminal, beacon and beacon read write line to realize that personnel positioning, storage pressure transmission, environment temperature detect and the function such as the mensuration of personnel's motion state, what but personnel positioning adopted is beacon localization method, must just can use in the place of laying in advance beacon, use limitation larger, practical value is not high at present.In addition, this scheme can only realize the functions such as the mensuration of personnel positioning, storage pressure transmission, environment temperature detection and personnel's motion state, do not possess the functions such as the detection of fireman's physiological parameter, scene of a fire on-site parameters detection, back court commanding cannot comprehensive control scene of fire situation, is unfavorable for decision-making and commander.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to solve above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of fireman's comprehensive monitoring command system is provided, can accurately and reliably to a line fireman, position, feedback scene of a fire site environment parameter, one line fireman's physiological parameter, storage pressure parameter and motion state, keep on-the-spot and communicate by letter with back court, commander unobstructed, raising rescue speed and efficiency.A kind of fireman's comprehensive monitoring command system that the utility model provides not only utilizes the most advanced gyroscope and acceleration algorithm accurately and reliably to a line fireman, to position, can also feed back scene of a fire site environment parameter, one line fireman's physiological parameter, storage pressure parameter and motion state, keep on-the-spot and communicate by letter with back court, commander unobstructed, thereby raising rescue speed and efficiency.
For achieving the above object, the utility model is by the following technical solutions:
A kind of fireman's comprehensive monitoring command system, comprises 1-24 cover individual soldier equipment, 1 wireless site environment parameter acquisition instrument, 1 back court radio receiving transmitting module and a CPU module.
Individual soldier's equipment is by individual soldier's positioning unit, the leading display device of respirator storage pressure, wireless pectoral girdle formula physiological parameter collecting instrument and individual soldier's comprehensive monitor composition.
Individual soldier's comprehensive monitor is by short-distance wireless module, MCU module, display unit, acousto-optic warning unit, pressure transducer, temperature sensor, height sensor, motion sensor, RFID card reader, push-button unit and wireless module composition.
Individual soldier's positioning unit, the leading display device of respirator storage pressure and wireless pectoral girdle formula physiological parameter collecting instrument are communicated with short-distance wireless module respectively; MCU module respectively with short-distance wireless module, display unit, acousto-optic warning unit, pressure transducer, temperature sensor, height sensor, motion sensor, RFID card reader, push-button unit and wireless module are communicated with; Back court wireless receiving module respectively with wireless module, wireless site environment parameter acquisition instrument and CPU module are communicated with.
Complete individual soldier's equipment is comprised of individual soldier's positioning unit, the leading display device of respirator storage pressure, wireless pectoral girdle formula physiological parameter collecting instrument and individual soldier's comprehensive monitor.
Individual soldier's positioning unit adopts gyroscope and acceleration algorithm can effectively realize without the personnel of gps signal occasion and accurately locates fast, and personnel's locating information is passed to the short-distance wireless module of individual soldier's comprehensive monitor by built-in short-distance wireless module.
Wireless pectoral girdle formula physiological parameter collecting instrument adopts chest band type structure, can be worn on quickly and easily with it rescue personnel.Wireless pectoral girdle formula physiological parameter collecting instrument can Real-time Collection rescue personnel physiological parameter (heart rate and body temperature), by short-distance wireless technology, deliver to the short-distance wireless module of individual soldier's comprehensive monitor.
Personnel's physiological parameter (heart rate and body temperature) that the personnel positioning information that individual soldier's comprehensive monitor can send by short-distance wireless module wireless receiving individual soldier positioning unit and wireless pectoral girdle formula physiological parameter send sends back court radio receiving transmitting module through MCU module to by long distance wireless module and transfers to CPU resume module.
Pressure transducer can convert storage pressure to corresponding with it voltage signal.Pressure transducer is connected with MCU module.When gas cylinder is opened, pressure transducer output relevant voltage value is to MCU module, the voltage signal that MCU module provides according to pressure transducer accurately calculates storage pressure value, and the service time that goes out residual gas according to the gas consumption dynamic calculation in 3 seconds before user of service.Storage pressure value and residual gas display module service time numeral show, and are transferred to back court radio receiving transmitting module by long distance wireless module.Storage pressure value can be transferred to the supporting leading display device of respirator storage pressure by short-distance wireless module.When storage pressure value is less than 6MPa, single-chip microcomputer sends corresponding alerting signal prompting user by acousto-optic warning unit and notes timely safe escape scene, and this alerting signal can be cancelled by short keypad unit corresponding function key.Pressure transducer carries simulated pointer dial plate, and available pointer indication storage pressure value, realizes the simulation of storage pressure, the demonstration of digital double-standard, makes the utility model use crowd wider, and usable range is wider, uses more flexible.
Temperature sensor is connected with MCU module.Temperature sensor can convert ambient temperature value to corresponding with it digital quantity and offer MCU module, MCU accurately show that by calculating current environmental temperature value is shown by display module numeral, realize ambient temperature measurement function, and be transferred to back court radio receiving transmitting module by long distance wireless module.When environment temperature exceedes setting value, beat and have voice message current environment to be not suitable for continuing operation in corresponding viewing area, and prompting user of service withdraws operation field in time.
Height sensor is connected with MCU module.Height sensor can become height conversion of living in personnel corresponding with it digital quantity and offer MCU module, MCU accurately show that by calculating current personnel height of living in is shown by display module numeral, realize height measurement function, and be transferred to back court radio receiving transmitting module by long distance wireless module.
Motion sensor is used gyroscope to be connected with MCU module, user of service's activity can be converted to corresponding with it electric signal and offer MCU module.MCU module determines by correlation computations whether user of service has activity, when MCU module detects that by gyroscope user of service is continuously static while exceeding 30 seconds, MCU automatically controls acousto-optic warning unit and sends pre-alarm signal, continue 15 seconds, user of service can cancel alerting signal by the mode of activity or short keypad unit corresponding function key during this period; When MCU detects that by gyroscope user of service is continuously static while exceeding 45 seconds, MCU automatically controls acousto-optic warning unit and sends the alerting signal that is different from pre-alarm signal, now user of service can only cancel alerting signal by the mode of short keypad unit corresponding function key, otherwise will report to the police always, realize automatic calling for help function.In addition,, in the time of need to calling for help when facing a danger, user of service also can realize initiatively calling function by the mode of long keypad unit corresponding function key.MCU module is transferred to back court radio receiving transmitting module by alarm condition by long distance wireless module.Initiatively calling for help and automatic calling for help have formed complete rescue beacon function, thereby improve the security of product.
RFID card reader be connected with MCU module, the identity information that can effectively identify user of service by reading user of service's rfid card utilizes display module respective regions to show and be transferred to back court radio receiving transmitting module by long distance wireless module to point out corresponding personnel in running order.
Push-button unit by three buttons of being connected with MCU realize start, shutdown, to code, initiative alarming, cancel warnings, initiatively withdraw the functions such as application, response back court order and system arrange.
Display unit is formed with MCU module and is connected by chromatic liquid crystal screen, can numeral add the information such as form displaying time, storage pressure value, gas residue service time, environment temperature, personnel's height of living in of icon, user of service's identity information, heart rate and body temperature.
Acousto-optic warning unit is mainly formed with MCU module and is connected by high-brightness light emitting diode and loudspeaker, can when personnel are in danger, by MCU module controls, send sound and light alarm signal, points out other people to rescue; Also can find that user of service is in danger back court commanding, by CPU module, by back court radio receiving transmitting module, send command adapted thereto, MCU module receives that by long distance wireless module forcing to control acousto-optic warning unit after instruction sends sound and light alarm signal, for rescue personnel points out personnel's to be rescued azimuth information.
Long distance wireless module has powerful MANET function, supports mesh topology networking, and each individual soldier's comprehensive monitor is that transmission terminal has again relay repeater, has effectively increased user of service and back court commanding's communication distance and communication reliability.Individual soldier's comprehensive monitor and back court radio receiving transmitting module line communication distance are not less than 1000 meters, by the communication distance after mutual relay forwarding, are not less than 4000 meters.
The leading display device of respirator storage pressure receives the storage pressure value of individual soldier's comprehensive monitor transmission by short-distance wireless technology, and according to the light on and off of the size control color LED lamp of force value with prompting user of service storage pressure information.Concrete condition is as follows:
When storage pressure is when 10MPa is above, green light Chang Liang;
When storage pressure is during at (10 ~ 6) MPa, amber light Chang Liang;
When storage pressure is below 6MPa, red light always glittering, built-in motor rotation plays vibration prompt effect.
Site environment parameter acquisition instrument utilizes respective sensor accurately to detect scene of fire CH 4, O 2, CO, H 2the concentration of the multiple gases such as S, and these data are sent to back court radio receiving transmitting module by wireless mode, is convenient to back court commanding and understands in real time every environmental parameter of rescue site, for commanding's decision-making provides Data support.
Back court radio receiving transmitting module is comprised of long distance wireless module, and the correlation parameter of being responsible for the transmission of wireless receiving individual soldier comprehensive monitor and site environment parameter acquisition instrument is also transferred to CPU module by USB interface, and the command adapted thereto that sends of wireless transmission CPU module.
CPU module is mainly comprised of notebook computer, and synthesis display maximum 24 is overlapped the relevant information of individual soldier's equipment and sent dependent instruction and is wirelessly transmitted to front court user of service by back court radio receiving transmitting module.
The utility model has the advantages that:
1, utilize gyroscope and acceleration algorithm accurately and reliably to a line fireman, to position, to environment, without specific (special) requirements, versatility is better.
2, utilize wireless pectoral girdle formula physiological parameter collecting instrument collection rescue personnel's related physiological parameters, back court command centre can judge whether rescue personnel can continue to carry out rescue task according to correlation parameter.
3, can Measurement accuracy empty expiration bottle pressure parameter the service time that goes out residual gas according to the gas consumption dynamic calculation of first three minute, facilitate rescue personnel independently to grasp the yardstick of advance and retreat.
4, effective measurement environment parameter be wirelessly transmitted to back court, is convenient to back court commanding and judges that the whether suitable continuation in scene carries out rescue task
5, individual soldier's wireless transmission unit has powerful MANET function relaying each other, has effectively increased rescue personnel and back court commanding's communication distance and communication reliability.
6, individual soldier's wireless transmission unit has Electronic Numbering, digital demonstration, and corresponding one by one with operating personnel, be convenient to backstage command system unified management and there is rescue beacon function,
7, there is the leading Presentation Function of storage pressure, be convenient to rescue personnel and grasp in real time gas cylinder gas surplus and service time, improve the security of product;
8, back court command function, improves rescue speed and efficiency, ensures rescue personnel's personal safety.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is fireman's comprehensive monitoring command system system construction drawing.
Embodiment
Fireman's comprehensive monitoring command system by, as shown in Figure 1: individual soldier's equipment 18, back court wireless receiving module 15, wireless site environment parameter acquisition instrument 16 and CPU module 17 form.
Individual soldier's equipment 18 is by individual soldier's positioning unit 1, the leading display device 2 of respirator storage pressure, and wireless pectoral girdle formula physiological parameter collecting instrument 3 and individual soldier's comprehensive monitor 19 form.
Individual soldier's comprehensive monitor 19 is by short-distance wireless module 4, MCU module 5, and display unit 6, acousto-optic warning unit 7, pressure transducer 8, temperature sensor 9, height sensor 10, motion sensor 11, RFID card reader 12, push-button unit 13 and wireless module 14 form.
Individual soldier's positioning unit 1, the leading display device 2 of respirator storage pressure and wireless pectoral girdle formula physiological parameter collecting instrument 3 are communicated with short-distance wireless module 4 respectively; MCU module 5 respectively with short-distance wireless module 4, display unit 6, acousto-optic warning unit 7, pressure transducer 8, temperature sensor 9, height sensor 10, motion sensor 11, RFID card reader 12, push-button unit 13 and wireless module 14 are communicated with; Back court wireless receiving module 15 respectively with wireless module 14, wireless site environment parameter acquisition instrument 16 and CPU module 17 are communicated with.

Claims (3)

1. fireman's comprehensive monitoring command system, comprises individual soldier's equipment, wireless site environment parameter acquisition instrument, back court radio receiving transmitting module and CPU module;
It is characterized in that: described individual soldier's equipment is by individual soldier's positioning unit the leading display device of respirator storage pressure, wireless pectoral girdle formula physiological parameter collecting instrument and individual soldier's comprehensive monitor composition;
Described individual soldier's comprehensive monitor is by short-distance wireless module, MCU module, display unit, acousto-optic warning unit, pressure transducer, temperature sensor, height sensor, motion sensor, RFID card reader, push-button unit and wireless module composition;
Individual soldier's positioning unit, the leading display device of respirator storage pressure and wireless pectoral girdle formula physiological parameter collecting instrument are communicated with short-distance wireless module respectively; MCU module respectively with short-distance wireless module, display unit, acousto-optic warning unit, pressure transducer, temperature sensor, height sensor, motion sensor, RFID card reader, push-button unit and wireless module are communicated with; Back court wireless receiving module respectively with wireless module, wireless site environment parameter acquisition instrument and CPU module are communicated with.
2. a kind of fireman's comprehensive monitoring command system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: wherein, individual soldier's positioning unit, the leading display device of respirator storage pressure and wireless pectoral girdle formula physiological parameter collecting instrument are communicated with short-distance wireless module respectively; MCU module respectively with short-distance wireless module, display unit, acousto-optic warning unit, pressure transducer, temperature sensor, height sensor, motion sensor, RFID card reader, push-button unit and wireless module are communicated with; Back court wireless receiving module respectively with wireless module, wireless site environment parameter acquisition instrument and CPU module are communicated with.
3. a kind of fireman's comprehensive monitoring command system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: wherein said individual soldier's equipment is 1-24 cover.
CN201320678875.8U 2013-10-31 2013-10-31 Firefighter comprehensive monitoring command system CN203552406U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103949019A (en) * 2014-04-29 2014-07-30 抚顺抚运安仪救生装备有限公司 Air respirator with pressure head-up system
CN104155670A (en) * 2014-08-01 2014-11-19 中国矿业大学 Battle tracking system and method aiming at firefighters at fire scene
CN104299362A (en) * 2014-09-23 2015-01-21 中船重工(武汉)凌久高科有限公司 Patrolling personnel emergency help-seeking system and help-seeking method thereof in curb parking charging field
CN104305984A (en) * 2014-10-11 2015-01-28 郑州捷利工业设备有限公司 Firefighter life monitoring transmission system
CN104596511A (en) * 2015-01-16 2015-05-06 浙江汉脑数码科技有限公司 Positioning information source terminal device capable of being worn by firefighter
CN105976563A (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-09-28 青岛市光电工程技术研究院 Fire rescue system
CN106237558A (en) * 2016-08-09 2016-12-21 北京长城电子装备有限责任公司 A kind of air pressure intelligent alarm system
CN106355833A (en) * 2016-08-09 2017-01-25 北京长城电子装备有限责任公司 Comprehensive air pressure alarm device
TWI603299B (en) * 2016-04-11 2017-10-21 王圳堅 System and method for control of immediate return to rescue status
TWI666618B (en) * 2018-06-19 2019-07-21 中興保全股份有限公司 Disaster protection device and system thereof
CN111080945A (en) * 2019-12-05 2020-04-28 北京无线电计量测试研究所 Gas operation field dynamic sensing system
US10902714B2 (en) 2019-02-14 2021-01-26 Coho Industries LLC Systems and methods for reducing adverse health events in first responders

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103949019A (en) * 2014-04-29 2014-07-30 抚顺抚运安仪救生装备有限公司 Air respirator with pressure head-up system
CN104155670A (en) * 2014-08-01 2014-11-19 中国矿业大学 Battle tracking system and method aiming at firefighters at fire scene
CN104299362A (en) * 2014-09-23 2015-01-21 中船重工(武汉)凌久高科有限公司 Patrolling personnel emergency help-seeking system and help-seeking method thereof in curb parking charging field
CN104305984A (en) * 2014-10-11 2015-01-28 郑州捷利工业设备有限公司 Firefighter life monitoring transmission system
CN104305984B (en) * 2014-10-11 2016-06-22 郑州捷利工业设备有限公司 Fireman's life monitoring transmission system
CN104596511A (en) * 2015-01-16 2015-05-06 浙江汉脑数码科技有限公司 Positioning information source terminal device capable of being worn by firefighter
TWI603299B (en) * 2016-04-11 2017-10-21 王圳堅 System and method for control of immediate return to rescue status
CN107295475A (en) * 2016-04-11 2017-10-24 王圳坚 Real-time repaying searches and rescues the control method and control system of state
CN105976563A (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-09-28 青岛市光电工程技术研究院 Fire rescue system
CN106237558A (en) * 2016-08-09 2016-12-21 北京长城电子装备有限责任公司 A kind of air pressure intelligent alarm system
CN106355833A (en) * 2016-08-09 2017-01-25 北京长城电子装备有限责任公司 Comprehensive air pressure alarm device
TWI666618B (en) * 2018-06-19 2019-07-21 中興保全股份有限公司 Disaster protection device and system thereof
US10902714B2 (en) 2019-02-14 2021-01-26 Coho Industries LLC Systems and methods for reducing adverse health events in first responders
CN111080945A (en) * 2019-12-05 2020-04-28 北京无线电计量测试研究所 Gas operation field dynamic sensing system

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Qian Jun

Inventor after: Wu Limin

Inventor after: Wang Xinwen

Inventor after: Liao Zhenhao

Inventor before: Wu Limin

Inventor before: Wang Xinwen

Inventor before: Liao Zhenhao

C53 Correction of patent for invention or patent application
COR Change of bibliographic data

Free format text: CORRECT: INVENTOR; FROM: WU LIMIN WANG XINWEN LIAO ZHENHAO TO: QIAN JUN WU LIMIN WANG XINWEN LIAO ZHENHAO

CP03 Change of name, title or address
CP03 Change of name, title or address

Address after: Yuhuatai District of Nanjing City Flower Avenue in Jiangsu province 210012 23 3 Building No. 5 room 506

Patentee after: Nanjing Ze Ze Polytron Technologies Inc

Address before: Hongguang road in Qinhuai District of Nanjing City, Jiangsu province 210012 No. 118 building 3 floor C

Patentee before: Nanjing Zhengze Technology Co., Ltd.