CN203543589U - Ventilation structure and van with same - Google Patents

Ventilation structure and van with same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203543589U
CN203543589U CN201320567738.7U CN201320567738U CN203543589U CN 203543589 U CN203543589 U CN 203543589U CN 201320567738 U CN201320567738 U CN 201320567738U CN 203543589 U CN203543589 U CN 203543589U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
vent
envelope
van
aeration
dividing plate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201320567738.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄田化
王晓毅
徐仁勇
马端骏
梁国军
赵东峰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
China International Marine Containers Group Co Ltd
CIMC Vehicles Group Co Ltd
Qingdao CIMC Reefer Trailer Co Ltd
Original Assignee
China International Marine Containers Group Co Ltd
CIMC Vehicles Group Co Ltd
Qingdao CIMC Reefer Trailer Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by China International Marine Containers Group Co Ltd, CIMC Vehicles Group Co Ltd, Qingdao CIMC Reefer Trailer Co Ltd filed Critical China International Marine Containers Group Co Ltd
Priority to CN201320567738.7U priority Critical patent/CN203543589U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203543589U publication Critical patent/CN203543589U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model provides a ventilation structure and a van with the same. The ventilation structure is arranged on a van body exterior wall partition of the van, the upper portion of the van body exterior wall partition is provided with a ventilation hole, the ventilation structure comprises a ventilation device, a connecting device and an operating device, and the operating device is arranged in the middle or on the lower portion of the van body exterior wall partition, and can be operated so as to drive the connecting device to drive the ventilation device to open and close the ventilation hole. By the van and the ventilation structure thereof, the operating device is arranged at a lower position of the van body exterior wall partition, so that an operator is enabled to operate conveniently and can open or close the ventilation hole without the aid of any auxiliary devices, and convenience in operation is improved.

Description

Aeration structure and there is the van of aeration structure
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of van, particularly a kind of aeration structure and have the van of aeration structure.
Background technology
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the envelope of existing van.As shown in Figure 1, the envelope of van comprises top board 1 ', right side board, left side board 2 ', front wall 3 ', floor 4 ' and back door 5 '.Said elements is plate shape.
The front end place of envelope inside is far away apart from back door 5 ', causes air flow amount little, in handling goods process, often can cause the dyspneic situation of handling goods workman, and this problem is particularly outstanding during the broiling summer.So, at the front wall 3 ' top of the envelope of some vans, to offer breather port 10a ' (as shown in Figure 3) and drafting apparatus 31 ' is installed, drafting apparatus 31 ' can be operated to open and close breather port 10a ', makes envelope inner ventilation when loading and unloading goods.
Fig. 2 is the cross-sectional schematic of existing drafting apparatus 31 ', the schematic perspective view that Fig. 3 is existing drafting apparatus 31 '.As shown in Figures 2 and 3, existing drafting apparatus 31 ' mainly comprises louver 11 ', the first vent 12 ', the second vent 13 ', cushion block 16 ' and handle 21 '.Wherein cushion block 16 ' has the perforate corresponding to breather port 10a '.The first vent 12 ' has respectively with the second vent 13 ' air port that shape is identical.Cushion block 16 ', the first vent 12 ' and the second vent 13 ' are installed between the Side fascia 10 ' and interior panel 100 ' of envelope, and the breather port 10a ' that louver 11 ' is fixed on Side fascia 10 ' goes up and be positioned at the outside of Side fascia 10 '.
During installation, first cushion block 16 ' is arranged on envelope Side fascia 10 ' inside and corresponding to the position of breather port 10a ', then the edge through louver 11 ' by thread-forming screw S ', and from the outside of Side fascia 10 ' Side fascia 10 ' and cushion block 16 ' tap out hole, so that louver 11 ' is fixed on Side fascia 10 '.Afterwards, from the inner utilization thread-forming screw S ' of envelope Side fascia 10 ', the second vent 13 ' and the first vent 12 ' are fixed on cushion block 16 '.
When needs ventilate, the handle 21 ' by rotary connection on the second vent 13 ' is by the mutual contraposition in air port of the second vent 13 ' and the first vent 12 ', to make separate ventilation in envelope.Because drafting apparatus 31 ' is arranged on envelope front wall 3 ' top, during operation drafting apparatus 31 ', need to just can touch handle 21 ', inconvenient operation by ladder or other accessory appliances.In addition, rainy day rainwater can enter envelope inside by louver 11 ', causes envelope poor sealing, has the problem of leaking, and affects in-use performance.
Therefore, a kind of novel van with vent window need to be proposed, the problem existing to solve prior art.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to improve the sealing property of existing vent window, improves the water resistance of vent window; Improve the operating characteristic of van, make operator without just opening and closing vent window by any accessory appliances, to improve convenient degree of operation.
For achieving the above object, the utility model proposes a kind of aeration structure of van, be arranged on the envelope exterior wall dividing plate of described van, the top of described envelope exterior wall dividing plate has breather port, described aeration structure comprises drafting apparatus, connecting device and handling device, described handling device is arranged on middle part or the bottom of described envelope exterior wall dividing plate, and described handling device can be operated to drive described connecting device to drive described drafting apparatus to open and close described breather port.
In an embodiment of the aeration structure of the utility model van, described drafting apparatus comprises the louver of the outside and corresponding described breather port that is fixed on described envelope exterior wall dividing plate, be fixed on the inside of described envelope exterior wall dividing plate the first vent and second vent of corresponding described breather port, described the first vent has air port, described the second vent has the air port matching, described the second vent is arranged between described exterior wall dividing plate and described the first vent, and can be driven to rotate with respect to described the first vent by described connecting device, make the air port of described the first vent and the air port of described the second vent overlap or stagger.
In an embodiment of the aeration structure of the utility model van, described connecting device comprises handle and pull bar, described the second vent is fixed in one end of described handle, the other end connects one end of described pull bar, and the other end of described pull bar is to downward-extension and be connected in the attaching parts that can be connected with described handling device.
In an embodiment of the aeration structure of the utility model van, described handling device comprises operating handle and positioning plate, described positioning plate is fixed on the outside of described envelope exterior wall dividing plate, and comprising elongated hole, a part for described operating handle can be fixedly connected with described envelope exterior wall dividing plate and with described attaching parts through described elongated hole.
In an embodiment of the aeration structure of the utility model van, described attaching parts comprises nut adapter plate and is fixed on the nut of described nut adapter plate, described nut adapter plate is parallel to described positioning plate, described operating handle has threaded portion, described threaded portion can be moved in described elongated hole, and can screw with described nut.
In an embodiment of the aeration structure of the utility model van, described the second vent has mating holes, described the first vent is provided with arcuate socket in the position corresponding to described mating holes, described handle is through described arcuate socket be fixed on described mating holes, and can in described arcuate socket, move and drive described the second vent to rotate.
In an embodiment of the aeration structure of the utility model van, described drafting apparatus also comprises cushion block, described cushion block is fixedly installed on the inwall of described envelope exterior wall dividing plate, described the first vent is fixedly installed on described cushion block by retaining element, and described louver interfixes by retaining element and described envelope exterior wall dividing plate and described cushion block.
In an embodiment of the aeration structure of the utility model van, described retaining element is thread-forming screw, and described drafting apparatus also comprises waterproof board, is located at the outside of described louver.
In an embodiment of the aeration structure of the utility model van, on described cushion block, there is taper hole, the diameter of described taper hole reduces gradually from described envelope to described envelope.
The utility model also proposes a kind of van, comprises envelope exterior wall dividing plate and aeration structure, and the top of described envelope exterior wall dividing plate has breather port, and described aeration structure is above-mentioned aeration structure.
The lower position of envelope exterior wall dividing plate that the van the utility model proposes and the handling device of aeration structure thereof arrange, makes operator easy to operate, without just opening or closing vent window by any accessory appliances, has improved the comfort level of operation.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the envelope of existing van.
Fig. 2 is the cross-sectional schematic of existing aeration structure.
Fig. 3 is the schematic perspective view of existing aeration structure.
Figure 4 shows that the cross-sectional schematic of the aeration structure of the utility model one embodiment.
Fig. 5 is the schematic perspective view of the aeration structure of the utility model one embodiment.
The specific embodiment
Figure 4 shows that the cross-sectional schematic of the aeration structure of the utility model one embodiment, Fig. 5 is the schematic perspective view of the aeration structure of the utility model one embodiment.As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, the aeration structure of the utility model one embodiment is arranged on envelope exterior wall dividing plate 10 and corresponding to breather port 10a, aeration structure can be operated to open or close breather port 10a, thereby realize the ventilation of envelope, aeration structure comprises drafting apparatus 1, connecting device 2 and handling device 3.
Drafting apparatus 1 comprise louver 11, the first vent 12, the second vent 13, rotating shaft 14, waterproof board 15, cushion block 16.Wherein louver 11 is fixedly installed on the outside (being a side of envelope outside) of envelope exterior wall dividing plate 10 by for example thread-forming screw S of retaining element, and its position is corresponding to breather port 10a.Waterproof board 15 is fixed on envelope exterior wall dividing plate 10 by thread-forming screw S equally and is positioned at the outside of louver 11.Waterproof board 15 is roughly " several " font, its two ends are passed for thread-forming screw S, the middle step that has certain altitude corresponding to the position of louver 11, having guaranteed has certain interval between waterproof board 15 and louver 11, guarantees that air flow energy flows in railway carriage or compartment unobstructedly in waterproof.
Cushion block 16, the first vent 12 and the second vent 13 are arranged between envelope exterior wall dividing plate 10 and envelope interior wall partition 100, cushion block 16 is for example fixed on the inner side (being the side that envelope exterior wall dividing plate 10 is positioned at envelope inside) of envelope exterior wall dividing plate 10 by bonding mode, the thread-forming screw S inserting from envelope outside passes waterproof board 15 or louver 11 and envelope exterior wall dividing plate 10 from the outside of envelope, and on cushion block 16 tap out, to utilize cushion block 16 that waterproof board 15 or louver 11 are fixed on envelope exterior wall dividing plate 10.
The second vent 13 and the first vent 12 are round sheet, and are used in conjunction with each other.The diameter of the first vent 12 is greater than the second vent 13, and the one side that coordinates with the second vent 13 of the first vent 12 have can accommodating the second vent 13 groove.The second vent 13 with on the first vent 12, have respectively size, air port 13a, 12a that shape is identical.The first vent 12 and the second vent 13 couple together by rotating shaft 14, make 14 rotations around the shaft of the second vent 13, and when the two air port 13a, 12a overlap, breather port 10a opens, and can ventilate; When the two air port 13a, 12a stagger, air port is blocked mutually, and breather port 10a closes, and air-flow is prevented from.Its shaft 14 is successively to pass the centre hole of the first vent 12 and the second vent 13, thereby rotatably connects the first vent 12 and the second vent 13.
Near the edge of the second vent 13, there is mating holes 13b, the first vent 12 is being provided with arcuate socket 12b corresponding to the position of mating holes 13b, when the second vent 13 rotates around rotating shaft 14 certain amplitude, mating holes 13b is positioned at the arching trajectory of arcuate socket 12b all the time.The edge of the first vent 12 can pass thread-forming screw S, so that the first vent 12 is fixed on cushion block 16.
Connecting device 2 comprises handle 21, pull bar 22 and attaching parts 23.Attaching parts 23 comprises nut adapter plate 231 and nut 232.The mating holes 13b of the second vent 13 can pass and be fixedly connected on from the arcuate socket 12b of the first vent 12 in one end of handle 21, the activity of handle 21 can drive internal rotating vent 8 to rotate around rotating shaft 14, thereby makes air port 13a, 12a overlap or stagger.The other end of handle 21 is connected in one end of pull bar 22, and the other end of pull bar 22 connects above-mentioned nut adapter plate 231.Nut adapter plate 231 is L shaped plate, and it has and is connected in the extension of pull bar 22 and kink from the vertical bending of extension, is fixedly installed nut 232 on kink.After aeration structure has been assembled, kink preferred parallel is in envelope exterior wall dividing plate 10, and can fit in envelope exterior wall dividing plate 10.
Handling device 3 is arranged on middle part or the bottom of envelope exterior wall dividing plate 10, and is positioned at the same side of envelope exterior wall dividing plate 10 with drafting apparatus 1.Handling device 3 comprises operating handle 31 and positioning plate 32.Positioning plate 32 is fixed on envelope Side fascia 10 by retaining elements such as such as self-plugging rivet 33, solid rivets, and positioning plate 32 has elongated hole 32a, and envelope exterior wall dividing plate 10 has corresponding slotted hole (not shown).Operating handle 31 has threaded portion 31a, and threaded portion 31a passes elongated hole 32a, and can be connected with the nut of connecting device 2 232.Elongated hole 32a can limit the stroke of operating handle 31.After the threaded portion of operating handle 31 31a is connected with the nut 232 of connecting device 2, when operating handle 31 is pressed down the lowermost end to elongated hole 32a, due to the interlock of pull bar 22 and handle 21, the second vent 13 can rotate with respect to the first vent 12, air port 13a, 12a stagger, and breather port 10a closes; When operating handle 31 is lifted the top that refers to elongated hole 10a, due to the interlock of pull bar 22 and handle 21, the second vent 13 is with respect to the first vent 12 contrarotations, and air port 13a, 12a overlap, and breather port 10a opens.
When breather port 10a is during in closed condition, threaded portion 31a can be mutually fastening with nut 232, and operating handle 31 is tightened on nut 232, and aeration structure is just fixed firmly, can not cause vibrations.In addition, owing to being provided with elongated hole 32a on positioning plate 32, in order to prevent that extraneous rainwater etc. from entering envelope from elongated hole 32a, the kink of the nut adapter plate 231 of connecting device 2 is not only for captive nut 232, and it contacts with the inside face of envelope exterior wall dividing plate 10, the elongated hole 10a that can shelter from positioning plate 32, plays the effect of waterproof.
In addition, have a taper hole 16a in the middle of cushion block 16, after cushion block 16 installings, taper hole 16a reduces to the aperture of envelope inside gradually from envelope outside, once the effect of taper hole 16a is to have a small amount of water to enter breather port 10a, water can flow to along inclined-plane the outside of envelope.
During installation, cushion block 16 is bonded on envelope exterior wall dividing plate 10, then waterproof board 15, louver 11 use thread-forming screw S are fixed on cushion block 16, the edge of the first vent 12 is fixed on cushion block 16 with thread-forming screw S, now the second vent 13 is between cushion block 16 and the first vent 12 again.One end of handle 21 and pull bar 22 are connected and fixed by welding or bolt, the other end is fixed on the mating holes 13b of the second vent 13 through the arcuate socket 12b of the first vent 12, pull bar 22 extends downward the lower end of envelope exterior wall dividing plate 10, pull bar 22 lower ends and nut adapter plate 231 link together, and nut 232 is welded on the kink of nut adapter plate 231.Finally, positioning plate 32 use rivets are fixed on envelope exterior wall dividing plate 10, and the threaded portion 31a of operating handle 31 is connected with nut 232 through elongated hole 32a.Finally waterproof board 15 use self threading pins or rivet are fixed on front wall 3.
Under normal circumstances, vent window is in closed condition, be that envelope outer gas stream can not flow into envelope inside, now the air port 12a on air port 13a and the second vent 13 on the first vent 12 is blocked mutually, air-flow cannot flow in envelope, and operating handle 31 is positioned at the lowermost end of the 32a of spacing hole on positioning plate 32.For preventing the vibrations of aeration structure in Vehicle Driving Cycle process, while travelling, operating handle 31 and nut 232 are tightened.
When needs are opened vent window, operating handle 31 rotations are unclamped, and lifting operating handle 31 up, drive on pull bar 22 and move, and drive handle 21 to drive the second vent 13 to rotate, now the air port 13a on the first vent 12 overlaps with the air port 12a on the second vent 13, and the air-flow of envelope outside can enter in railway carriage or compartment by louver 11 and air port 13a, 12a, realizes and ventilating.
When having water to drop on envelope exterior wall dividing plate 10, water can be sheltered from by waterproof board 15, can not see through louver 11 and enter in railway carriage or compartment, and actv. has been realized waterproof.
In sum, the aeration structure the utility model proposes at least tool has the following advantages:
First, this aeration structure is easy to operate, without just opening or closing vent window by any accessory appliances, has improved the comfort level of operation;
Secondly, than prior art, the waterproof board of this aeration structure can prevent from, in rainwater intrusion railway carriage or compartment, having realized waterproof effectively;
Again, that this aeration structure has advantages of is simple in structure, be skillfully constructed, and can on the basis of traditional drafting apparatus, by increasing simple part, improve.
Although described the utility model with reference to several exemplary embodiments, should be appreciated that term used is explanation and exemplary and nonrestrictive term.Because the utility model can specifically be implemented in a variety of forms and not depart from spirit of the present utility model or essence, so be to be understood that, above-described embodiment is not limited to any aforesaid details, and explain widely in the spirit and scope that should limit in claims, therefore fall into whole variations in claim or its equivalent scope and remodeling and all should be claims and contain.

Claims (10)

1. the aeration structure of a van, be arranged on the envelope exterior wall dividing plate (10) of described van, the top of described envelope exterior wall dividing plate (10) has breather port (10a), it is characterized in that, described aeration structure comprises drafting apparatus (1), connecting device (2) and handling device (3), described handling device (3) is arranged on middle part or the bottom of described envelope exterior wall dividing plate (10), and described handling device (3) can be operated to drive described connecting device (2) to drive described drafting apparatus (1) to open and close described breather port (10a).
2. the aeration structure of van as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described drafting apparatus (1) comprises the louver (11) of the outside and corresponding described breather port (10a) that is fixed on described envelope exterior wall dividing plate (10), be fixed on the inside of described envelope exterior wall dividing plate (10) first vent (12) of corresponding described breather port (10a), and second vent (13), described the first vent (12) has air port (12a), described the second vent (13) has the air port (13a) matching, described the second vent (13) is arranged between described exterior wall dividing plate (10) and described the first vent (12), and can be driven to rotate with respect to described the first vent (12) by described connecting device (2), make the air port (12a) of described the first vent (12) and the air port (13a) of described the second vent (13) overlap or stagger.
3. the aeration structure of van as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, described connecting device (2) comprises handle (21) and pull bar (22), described the second vent (13) is fixed in one end of described handle (21), the other end connects one end of described pull bar (22), and the other end of described pull bar (22) is to downward-extension and be connected in the attaching parts (23) that can be connected with described handling device (3).
4. the aeration structure of van as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, described handling device (3) comprises operating handle (31) and positioning plate (32), described positioning plate (32) is fixed on the outside of described envelope exterior wall dividing plate (10), and comprising elongated hole (32a), a part for described operating handle (31) can be fixedly connected with described envelope exterior wall dividing plate (10) and with described attaching parts (23) through described elongated hole (32a).
5. the aeration structure of van as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that, described attaching parts (23) comprises nut adapter plate (231) and is fixed on the nut (232) of described nut adapter plate (231), described nut adapter plate (231) is parallel to described positioning plate (32), described operating handle (31) has threaded portion (31a), described threaded portion (31a) can be moved in described elongated hole (32a), and can screw with described nut (232).
6. the aeration structure of van as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, described the second vent (13) has mating holes (13b), described the first vent (12) is being provided with arcuate socket (12b) corresponding to the position of described mating holes (13b), described handle (21) is through described arcuate socket (12b) be fixed on described mating holes (13b), and can in described arcuate socket (12b), move and drive described the second vent (13) rotation.
7. the aeration structure of van as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, described drafting apparatus (1) also comprises cushion block (16), described cushion block (16) is fixedly installed on the inwall of described envelope exterior wall dividing plate (10), it is upper that described the first vent (12) is fixedly installed on described cushion block (16) by retaining element, and described louver (11) interfixes by retaining element and described envelope exterior wall dividing plate (10) and described cushion block (16).
8. the aeration structure of van as claimed in claim 7, is characterized in that, described retaining element is thread-forming screw (S), and described drafting apparatus (1) also comprises waterproof board (15), is located at the outside of described louver (11).
9. the aeration structure of van as claimed in claim 7, is characterized in that, has taper hole (16a) on described cushion block (16), and the diameter of described taper hole (16a) reduces gradually from described envelope to described envelope.
10. a van, comprise envelope, described envelope comprises envelope exterior wall dividing plate (10), the top of described envelope exterior wall dividing plate (10) has breather port (10a), described van also comprises aeration structure, it is characterized in that, described aeration structure is aeration structure as claimed in any one of claims 1-9 wherein.
CN201320567738.7U 2013-09-12 2013-09-12 Ventilation structure and van with same Expired - Fee Related CN203543589U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320567738.7U CN203543589U (en) 2013-09-12 2013-09-12 Ventilation structure and van with same

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320567738.7U CN203543589U (en) 2013-09-12 2013-09-12 Ventilation structure and van with same

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203543589U true CN203543589U (en) 2014-04-16

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201320567738.7U Expired - Fee Related CN203543589U (en) 2013-09-12 2013-09-12 Ventilation structure and van with same

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105380583A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-03-09 佛山市顺德区美的洗涤电器制造有限公司 Venting device and dish-washing machine
CN105491832A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-04-13 邦彦技术股份有限公司 Waterproof and ventilating apparatus

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105380583A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-03-09 佛山市顺德区美的洗涤电器制造有限公司 Venting device and dish-washing machine
CN105491832A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-04-13 邦彦技术股份有限公司 Waterproof and ventilating apparatus

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140416

Termination date: 20160912

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee