CN203533564U - Household garbage thermal decomposition furnace - Google Patents

Household garbage thermal decomposition furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203533564U
CN203533564U CN201320674241.5U CN201320674241U CN203533564U CN 203533564 U CN203533564 U CN 203533564U CN 201320674241 U CN201320674241 U CN 201320674241U CN 203533564 U CN203533564 U CN 203533564U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fuel gas
thermal decomposition
annular
gas outlet
annular tank
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201320674241.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李小朝
张宏业
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DEYANG DONGXING MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
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DEYANG DONGXING MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201320674241.5U priority Critical patent/CN203533564U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203533564U publication Critical patent/CN203533564U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a household garbage thermal decomposition furnace which comprises a furnace body. The furnace body comprises an inner barrel and an annular tank, the inner barrel is sleeved with the annular tank, a combustion chamber is arranged in the inner barrel, an annular cavity for garbage thermal decomposition is formed between an outer wall of the inner barrel and an inner wall of the annular tank, two ends of the inner barrel connected with the annular tank are provided with a fuel gas inlet and a high-temperature gas outlet respectively, the fuel gas inlet and the high-temperature gas outlet are communicated with the combustion chamber, the annular tank is further provided with a garbage feeding port and a fuel gas outlet, and the garbage feeding port and the fuel gas outlet are communicated with the annular cavity. The bottom of the annular tank is further provided with a carbide discharging port, organic garbage and biomass are in contact with high temperature of heat dissipated by the wall surface of the inner barrel in the furnace to be subject to hot baking, involvement of nitrogen in air is avoided, and fuel gas generated by thermal decomposition in the furnace reaches the medium heat value degree.

Description

One way of life rubbish thermal decomposition furnace
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of garbage combustion device, relates in particular to one way of life rubbish thermal decomposition furnace.
Background technology
Along with the progressively enforcement that expansion and the part rural area in China city transfers urbanization policy to, the house refuse being abandoned by town dweller increases rapidly, solves house refuse extremely urgent to the pollution of surrounding city environment.Processing most local adopt landfill and two kinds of the burnings of domestic waste, landfill waste is not only wasted soil, and also companion stays the Seepage problems of hole bottom rubbish addle, and it is by severe contamination soil and groundwater resources.If do not control the ignition temperature of rubbish and the emission treatment of flue gas well and burn away the refuse, can be to toxic gases such as airborne release flying dust, sulfur oxide, hydrogen chloride, bioxin, to people with biologically all can produce serious harm.
Domestic waste is comprised of the organic matter abandoning and inorganic matter etc., if this huge resource can obtain the sifting sort of feasibility, then organic waste is carried out to the thermal decomposition of the feature of environmental protection, the fuel gas of output can carry out extraction and the combustion power generation of chemical products, realizes the recycling that it is turned waste into wealth.
Conventional thermal decomposition furnace is at furnace bottom biomass burning and rubbish, rubbish and the living beings of top in oven, combustion gas is flowed out by the gas outlet of top, owing to being anaerobism burning baking living beings and rubbish, make it that thermal decomposition occur, follow in a lot of nitrogen blending combustion gas, therefore be low-calorie fuel gas.Be unfavorable for that chemical industry extracts and effective utilization of fuel gas.
Utility model content
In order to overcome the defect of above-mentioned prior art, the utility model provides one way of life rubbish thermal decomposition furnace, this house refuse thermal decomposition furnace is to completely cut off air mode, make the high temperature of organic waste and the heat radiation of living beings contact furnace inner core wall carry out heat baking, avoided airborne nitrogen to participate in, made the fuel gas of thermal decomposition output in stove reach middle calorific value degree.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
One way of life rubbish thermal decomposition furnace, comprise body of heater, it is characterized in that: described body of heater comprises inner core and annular tank, described inner core is socketed in annular tank, the inside of described inner core is combustion chamber, between the outer wall of inner core and the inwall of annular tank, be formed for the annular housing of thermal decomposition rubbish, the two ends that described inner core and annular tank join are respectively equipped with the outlet of fuel gas import and high-temperature fuel gas, and fuel gas import and high-temperature fuel gas outlet communicate with combustion chamber; On described annular tank, be also provided with garbage inlet and fuel gas outlet, described garbage inlet and fuel gas outlet communicate with annular housing; The bottom of described annular tank is also provided with carbide outlet.
Also comprise bracket, described body of heater is vertically inclined on bracket, and described bracket is provided with gear, the annular rack engagement on described gear and annular tank wall.
On the outer wall of described inner core, be provided with high-temperature heat pipe.
Also comprise booster pump, air collector and chemical plant installations, one end of described booster pump is connected with fuel gas outlet, and the other end of booster pump is connected with air collector, and described air collector is connected with fuel gas import, and described air collector is also connected with chemical plant installations.
Described fuel gas outlet, fuel gas import, high-temperature fuel gas outlet and carbide outlet are provided with by-pass valve control.
This programme adopts sealing thermal decomposition refuse furnace structure, processes organic waste and living beings.It is to completely cut off air mode, make the high temperature of organic waste and the heat radiation of living beings contact furnace inner core wall carry out heat baking, avoid airborne nitrogen to participate in, made the fuel gas of thermal decomposition output in stove reach middle calorific value degree, be beneficial to the combustion power generation of chemical industry extraction and gas turbine.A whole set of garbage thermal decomposition device, to the discharge of atmosphere without obvious flue dust, only has nitrogen, a small amount of carbon dioxide and the micropollution gas giving off to meet national standard area requirement simultaneously.
The utlity model has following advantage:
1, the utility model comprises inner core and annular tank, described inner core is socketed in annular tank, the inside of described inner core is combustion chamber, between the outer wall of inner core and the inwall of annular tank, be formed for the annular housing of thermal decomposition rubbish, organic waste in annular housing to completely cut off air mode, the high temperature of contact furnace inner core wall heat radiation carries out heat baking, has avoided airborne nitrogen to participate in, and makes the fuel gas of thermal decomposition output in stove reach middle calorific value degree; The two ends that described inner core and annular tank join are respectively equipped with the outlet of fuel gas import and high-temperature fuel gas, and fuel gas import and high-temperature fuel gas outlet communicate with combustion chamber; Described garbage inlet and fuel gas outlet communicate with annular housing, are also provided with garbage inlet and fuel gas outlet on described annular tank, and the fuel gas of its generation or high-temperature fuel gas are conducive to the combustion power generation of chemical industry extraction and gas turbine; The bottom of described annular tank is also provided with carbide outlet.This rubbish thermal decomposition furnace without obvious flue dust, only has nitrogen, a small amount of carbon dioxide and the micropollution gas giving off to meet national standard area requirement to the discharge of atmosphere.
2, the utility model comprises bracket, and described body of heater is vertically inclined on bracket, and described bracket is provided with gear, the annular rack engagement on described gear and annular tank wall.Through gear drive, make body of heater around body of heater center slow rotation, force rubbish in stove and biomass circulating to stir the red-hot inwall of contact and carry out thermal decomposition, because annular tank shape tilting furnace ground is arranged on bracket, also be beneficial to the charing particle after rubbish thermal decomposition in body of heater and deposit to tank inner bottom part, and control the discharge of enforcement batch (-type) charing particle through carbide outlet and the valve thereof of bottom.
3, in the utility model, on the outer wall of inner core, be provided with high-temperature heat pipe, the heat improving in inner core combustion chamber transmits in annular housing, and heat is even, to improve the effect of thermal decomposition.
4, the utility model comprises booster pump, air collector and chemical plant installations, one end of described booster pump and fuel gas outlet, the other end of booster pump is connected with air collector, described air collector is connected with fuel gas import, described air collector is also connected with chemical plant installations, the fuel gas that organic waste obtains in the airtight thermal decomposition of annular housing, through fuel gas outlet, be pressurized in air collector, by booster pump, the fuel gas in air collector is pressed in combustion chamber and is burnt by fuel gas import again, high-temperature fuel gas is sent into heat-exchange device through high-temperature fuel gas outlet, to obtain recycling, as entered the gases at high pressure house steward of gas turbine outside by direct piping, then the circumferential multichannel arm through connecting together drives the turbine rotation acting of gas turbine.
5, fuel gas outlet in the utility model, fuel gas import, high-temperature fuel gas outlet and carbide outlet are provided with by-pass valve control, improved whole rubbish thermal decomposition furnace stable, and safety are controlled.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is body of heater internal structure schematic diagram of the present utility model;
In figure, mark 1 is body of heater, and 2 is inner core, and 2.1 is combustion chamber, 3 is annular tank, 3.1 annular housings, and 4 is garbage inlet, 5 is fuel gas outlet, and 6 is fuel gas import, and 7 is high-temperature fuel gas outlet, 8 is carbide outlet, and 9 is booster pump, and 10 is air collector, 11 is chemical plant installations, and 12 is high-temperature heat pipe, and 13 is bracket, 14 is gear, and 15 is by-pass valve control.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, one way of life rubbish thermal decomposition furnace, comprise body of heater 1, described body of heater 1 comprises inner core 2 and annular tank 3, described inner core 2 is socketed in annular tank 3, inner core 2 does not communicate with annular tank 3, the inner hollow of inner core 2 is combustion chamber 2.1, between the inwall of the outer wall of inner core 2 and annular tank 3, be formed for the annular housing 3.1 of thermal decomposition rubbish, described inner core 2 is respectively equipped with fuel gas import 6 and high-temperature fuel gas outlet 7 with the two ends that annular tank 3 joins, and fuel gas import 6 and high-temperature fuel gas outlet 7 communicate with combustion chamber 2.1; On annular tank, be also provided with garbage inlet 4 and fuel gas outlet 5, described garbage inlet 4 and fuel gas outlet 5 communicate with annular housing 3.1; The bottom of described annular tank 3 is also provided with carbide outlet 8; Fuel gas passes into combustion chamber 2.1 burnings through fuel gas import 6, domestic organic garbage is in garbage inlet 4 enters annular housing 3.1, because annular housing 3.1 is relatively airtight spaces, make combustion chamber 2.1 wall heat energy, by inner tube wall, to organic waste and living beings transmission in annular can-like combustion chamber, toast heat, implement thermal decomposition, because having avoided airborne nitrogen to participate in, make the fuel gas of thermal decomposition output in stove reach middle calorific value degree.Product carbonized particles after organic waste is discharged by carbide outlet 8.
Further, also comprise bracket 13, described body of heater 1 is vertically inclined on bracket 13, described bracket 13 is provided with gear 14, described gear 14 meshes with the annular rack (not shown) on annular tank wall, transmission through gear 14, make body of heater 1 around the center of body of heater 1 slow rotation, force rubbish in stove and biomass circulating to stir the red-hot inwall of contact and carry out thermal decomposition, because body of heater 1 sloping floor of annular tank shape is arranged on bracket 13, also the charing particle being beneficial to after the interior rubbish thermal decomposition of body of heater 1 deposits to tank inner bottom part, and control the discharge of enforcement batch (-type) charing particle through carbide outlet 8 and the valve thereof of bottom.
For the heat in raising inner core combustion chamber 2.1 is to the interior transmission of annular housing 3.1, heat is even, to improve the effect of thermal decomposition, on the outer wall of described inner core 1, is provided with high-temperature heat pipe 12.
Embodiment 2
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, one way of life rubbish thermal decomposition furnace, comprise body of heater 1, described body of heater 1 comprises inner core 2 and annular tank 3, described inner core 2 is socketed in annular tank 3, inner core 2 does not communicate with annular tank 3, the inside of inner core 2 is the combustion chamber 2.1 of hollow, between the inwall of the outer wall of inner core 2 and annular tank 3, be formed for the annular housing 3.1 of thermal decomposition rubbish, described inner core 2 is respectively equipped with fuel gas import 6 and high-temperature fuel gas outlet 7 with the two ends that annular tank 3 joins, and fuel gas import 6 and high-temperature fuel gas outlet 7 communicate with combustion chamber 2.1; On annular tank, be also provided with garbage inlet 4 and fuel gas outlet 5, described garbage inlet 4 and fuel gas outlet 5 communicate with annular housing 3.1; The bottom of described annular tank 3 is also provided with carbide outlet 8; Fuel gas passes into combustion chamber 2.1 burnings through fuel gas import 6, domestic organic garbage is in garbage inlet 4 enters annular housing 3.1, because annular housing 3.1 is relatively airtight spaces, make combustion chamber 2.1 wall heat energy, by inner tube wall, to organic waste and living beings transmission in annular can-like combustion chamber, toast heat, implement thermal decomposition, because having avoided airborne nitrogen to participate in, make the fuel gas of thermal decomposition output in stove reach middle calorific value degree.Product carbonized particles after organic waste is discharged by carbide outlet 8.
Further, also comprise bracket 13, described body of heater 1 is vertically inclined on bracket 13, described bracket 13 is provided with gear 14, described gear 14 meshes with the annular rack (not shown) on annular tank wall, transmission through gear 14, make body of heater 1 around the center of body of heater 1 slow rotation, force rubbish in stove and biomass circulating to stir the red-hot inwall of contact and carry out thermal decomposition, because body of heater 1 sloping floor of annular tank shape is arranged on bracket 13, also the charing particle being beneficial to after the interior rubbish thermal decomposition of body of heater 1 deposits to tank inner bottom part, and control the discharge of enforcement batch (-type) charing particle through carbide outlet 8 and the valve thereof of bottom.
For the heat in raising inner core combustion chamber 2.1 is to the interior transmission of annular housing 3.1, heat is even, to improve the effect of thermal decomposition, on the outer wall of described inner core 1, is provided with high-temperature heat pipe 12.
Further improve the utilization of organic waste fuel gas, also comprise booster pump 9, air collector 10 and chemical plant installations 11, one end of described booster pump 9 is connected with fuel gas outlet 5, the other end of booster pump 9 is connected with air collector 10, described air collector 10 is connected with fuel gas import 6, described air collector 10 is also connected with chemical plant installations 11, the fuel gas that organic domestic waste obtains in the airtight lower thermal decomposition of annular housing 3.1, through fuel gas outlet 5, be pressurized in air collector 10, by booster pump 9,10 fuel gas in air collector is passed into the interior burning in combustion chamber 2.1 by fuel gas import 6 again, high-temperature high-pressure fuel gas is sent into heat-exchange device through high-temperature fuel gas outlet 7, to obtain recycling.As entered the gases at high pressure house steward of gas turbine outside by direct piping, then the circumferential multichannel arm through connecting together drives the turbine rotation acting of gas turbine.Air collector 10 is also connected with chemical plant installations 11, also fuel gas can be directly applied to the extraction of industrial chemicals.
Above-mentioned fuel gas outlet 5, fuel gas import 6, high-temperature fuel gas outlet 7 and carbide outlet 8 are provided with by-pass valve control 15, and to improve, whole rubbish thermal decomposition furnace is stable, safety is controlled.

Claims (5)

1. one way of life rubbish thermal decomposition furnace, comprise body of heater (1), it is characterized in that: described body of heater (1) comprises inner core (2) and annular tank (3), described inner core (2) is socketed in annular tank (3), the inside of described inner core (2) is combustion chamber (2.1), between the inwall of the outer wall of inner core and annular tank (3), be formed for the annular housing (3.1) of thermal decomposition rubbish, described inner core (2) is respectively equipped with fuel gas import (6) and high-temperature fuel gas outlet (7) with the two ends that annular tank (3) joins, and fuel gas import (6) and high-temperature fuel gas outlet (7) communicate with combustion chamber (2.1), on described annular tank (3), be also provided with garbage inlet (4) and fuel gas outlet (5), described garbage inlet (4) and fuel gas outlet (5) communicate with annular housing (3.1), the bottom of described annular tank (3) is also provided with carbide outlet (8).
2. one way of life rubbish thermal decomposition furnace according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: also comprise bracket (13), described body of heater (1) is vertically inclined on bracket (13), described bracket (13) is provided with gear (14), and described gear (14) meshes with the annular rack on annular tank (3) outer wall.
3. one way of life rubbish thermal decomposition furnace according to claim 1, is characterized in that: on the outer wall of described inner core (2), be provided with high-temperature heat pipe (12).
4. according to the arbitrary described one way of life rubbish thermal decomposition furnace of claim 1-3, it is characterized in that: also comprise booster pump (9), air collector (10) and chemical plant installations (11), one end of described booster pump (9) is connected with fuel gas outlet (5), the other end of booster pump (9) is connected with air collector (10), described air collector (10) is connected with fuel gas import (6), and described air collector (10) is also connected with chemical plant installations (11).
5. one way of life rubbish thermal decomposition furnace according to claim 4, is characterized in that: described fuel gas outlet (5), fuel gas import (6), high-temperature fuel gas outlet (7) and carbide outlet (8) are provided with by-pass valve control (15).
CN201320674241.5U 2013-10-30 2013-10-30 Household garbage thermal decomposition furnace Expired - Fee Related CN203533564U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320674241.5U CN203533564U (en) 2013-10-30 2013-10-30 Household garbage thermal decomposition furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320674241.5U CN203533564U (en) 2013-10-30 2013-10-30 Household garbage thermal decomposition furnace

Publications (1)

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CN203533564U true CN203533564U (en) 2014-04-09

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201320674241.5U Expired - Fee Related CN203533564U (en) 2013-10-30 2013-10-30 Household garbage thermal decomposition furnace

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203533564U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105953229A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-09-21 田原宇 Percolate treatment technique in household garbage heat treatment process

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105953229A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-09-21 田原宇 Percolate treatment technique in household garbage heat treatment process
CN105953229B (en) * 2016-04-29 2019-01-18 田原宇 House refuse heat treatment process percolate treating process

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140409

Termination date: 20141030

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model