CN203531260U - Inverted planting roofing structure - Google Patents

Inverted planting roofing structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203531260U
CN203531260U CN201320523795.5U CN201320523795U CN203531260U CN 203531260 U CN203531260 U CN 203531260U CN 201320523795 U CN201320523795 U CN 201320523795U CN 203531260 U CN203531260 U CN 203531260U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
waterproofing course
reinforced concrete
construction
planting
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201320523795.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘治国
安凤杰
张际永
孙茜
贺国强
刘威
方鹏
愈涛
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China Construction Second Engineering Bureau Co Ltd
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China Construction Second Engineering Bureau Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201320523795.5U priority Critical patent/CN203531260U/en
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Publication of CN203531260U publication Critical patent/CN203531260U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • Y02A30/254Roof garden systems; Roof coverings with high solar reflectance
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B80/00Architectural or constructional elements improving the thermal performance of buildings
    • Y02B80/32Roof garden systems

Abstract

An inverted planting roofing structure comprises a reinforced concrete floor (1), a screeding layer, waterproof layers, a heat insulation layer (6), a drainage layer (8), a filtering layer and planting soil (11). The inverted planting roofing structure is characterized in that the structure is formed by tight connection of the reinforced concrete floor (1), a slope making layer (2), the cement mortar screeding layer (3), a base waterproof layer (4), a root-thorn-resisting waterproof layer (5), the heat insulation layer (6), a reinforced concrete protecting layer (7), the drainage layer (8), a three-dimensional drainage network (9), the geotechnical cloth filtering layer (10) and the planting soil (11) which are arranged from top to bottom in sequence. Compared with a traditional planting roofing structure, the inverted planting roofing structure has the advantages that requirements for construction quality of the planting roofing structure can be met, construction quality can be guaranteed, the performance of a planting roofing is improved, construction is facilitated, the construction period is shortened, labor is saved, and construction cost is reduced.

Description

Inversion type planted roof structure
Technical field
The utility model relates to building roofing technical field, particularly a kind of inversion type planted roof structure.
Background technology
Tradition coiled material roofing heat-insulating layer operated by rotary motion is on waterproofing course, and respectively at vapour barrier and steam vent are set on leveling layer and insulation layer, this kind of cloth deposits waterproofing course and directly contacts atmosphere, easily produce stretcher strain, application life is shorter, in addition, the engineering quantity that drain hole arranges is large, construction is complicated, and human cost is larger, but also affects roofing good looking appearance.
The planted roof occurring in the recent period belongs to green roof, and the advantage such as have green energy conservation, low-carbon environment-friendly, beautify the environment, for promoting that the development of green building, ecotecture, energy saving building technology is significant.Under low-carbon economy pattern; protection of the environment; green building; reduce urban heat land effect; for applying of green roof provides development opportunity; the planted roof that exploitation is applicable to region characteristic is the needs of Building technology development, significant for green, low-carbon (LC), saving construction, has wide market application foreground.
Inversion type planted roof is contrary with traditional planted roof structure, insulation layer be not provided in a side of coil waterproof layer below, and be provided in a side of coil waterproof layer above, the subject matter that inversion type planted roof faces at present, comprise the heat insulation technical measures of roof waterproof comprehensive technical measure, Xia Redong cryogenic region roof heat insulation, implant system key technology of roofing etc., both relate to planted roof and constructed structure and the layout of level, related to again the selection and operation technology of layers of material.
Utility model content
The utility model provides a kind of inversion type planted roof structure, by meticulous selection and layout to planted roof structure level and layers of material, solve the heat insulation technical measures of the roof waterproof comprehensive technical measure, the Xia Redong cryogenic region roof heat insulation that run in current inversion type planted roof technology, the problems such as implant system key technology of roofing.
For achieving the above object, this uses the following technical scheme of novel employing:
A kind of inversion type planted roof structure; comprise reinforced concrete floor, leveling layer, waterproofing course, insulation layer, drainage blanket, filtration beds and planting soil, it is characterized in that: its structure forms from top to bottom and by following layer, closely connected successively: reinforced concrete floor, sloping layer, cement mortar screeding layer, basic unit's waterproofing course, the waterproofing course of resistance to root thorn, insulation layer, reinforced concrete protective layer, drainage blanket, three-dimensional water discharge net, geotextiles filtration beds and planting soil.
Described sloping layer material can be cement, flyash or haydites of book structure.
Described basic unit waterproofing course can be SBS polyester blank modified asphalt waterproof coiled material or self-adhering-type polymer modified bituminous waterproof sheet material.
The described waterproofing course of resistance to root thorn can be SBS copper composite tyre base modified asphalt waterproof coiled material or long polyester fiber and modified asphalt waterproof roll.
Described insulation layer can be extruded polystyrene board or the polystyrene block of low water absorption.
The utility model increases one deck three-dimensional water discharge net between drainage blanket and geotextiles, and the rib that top-bottom cross is arranged forms to support and prevents that geotextiles from embedding band drain, forms and improve effective drainage system; Waterproofing course divides basic unit's waterproofing course and the waterproofing course of resistance to root thorn, adapts to planted roof structure; What insulation layer adopted is extruded polystyrene board or the polystyrene block of low water absorption, and on this insulation layer, does the thick armored concrete of 80mm and do rigid course; This utility model not only can meet requirement, the assurance workmanship of planted roof structure construction quality, but also has improved the performance of planted roof, and convenient construction, shortens the construction period, saves labour, reduces construction cost.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Reference numeral :1-reinforced concrete floor, 2-sloping layer, 3-cement mortar screeding layer, 4-basic unit waterproofing course, the 5-waterproofing course of resistance to root thorn, 6-insulation layer, 7-reinforced concrete protective layer, 8-drainage blanket, 9-three-dimensional water discharge net, 10-geotextiles filtration beds, 11-planting soil, 12, vegetation.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of inversion type planted roof structure, comprise reinforced concrete floor 1, leveling layer, waterproofing course, insulation layer 6, drainage blanket 8, filtration beds and planting soil 11, it is characterized in that: its structure forms from top to bottom and by following layer, closely connected successively: reinforced concrete floor 1, sloping layer 2, cement mortar screeding layer 3, basic unit's waterproofing course 4, the waterproofing course of resistance to root thorn 5, insulation layer 6, reinforced concrete protective layer 7, drainage blanket 8, three-dimensional water discharge net 9, geotextiles filtration beds 10 and planting soil 11; Sloping layer 2 materials are cement, flyash or haydites of book structure; Described basic unit waterproofing course 4 is SBS polyester blank modified asphalt waterproof coiled material or the self-adhering-type polymer modified bituminous waterproof sheet material that 3mm is thick; The described waterproofing course of resistance to root thorn 5 is SBS copper composite tyre base modified asphalt waterproof coiled material or the long polyester fiber and modified asphalt waterproof roll that 4mm is thick; Extruded polystyrene board or polystyrene block that described insulation layer 6 is low water absorption; Described reinforced concrete protective layer 7 for 80mm is thick, in the C20 commercial concrete of arrangement of reinforcement Φ 8@200 reinforced mesh; Drainage blanket 8 materials adopt the concave-convex type plastic draining board of compressive strength >=320kPa; Three-dimensional water discharge net 9 adopts the thick plastic three-dimensional drainage network of 5mm; Described geotextiles filtration beds 10 filtration beds materials adopt the non-woven geotextile of density 200 g/ ㎡~400g/ ㎡.
The working procedure of this inversion type planted roof structure is: the sloping layer 2 construction → cement mortar screeding layer 3 construction → basic unit's waterproofing course 4 construction → construction of waterproof layer of resistance to root thorn 5 → insulation layer 6 construction → reinforced concrete protective layer 7 construction → drainage blanket 8 construction → three-dimensional water discharge net 9 construction → geotextiles filtration beds 10 construction → planting soil 11 backfill.Be that inverted roof structure structure is first on reinforced concrete floor face 1, to lay sloping layer 2, on sloping layer 2, lay cement mortar screeding layer 3, on cement mortar screeding layer 3, lay basic unit's waterproofing course 4, on basic unit's waterproofing course 4, lay the waterproofing course of resistance to root thorn 5, the waterproofing course of resistance to root thorn 5 is laid insulation layer 6 above, on insulation layer 6, build reinforced concrete protective layer 7, on reinforced concrete protective layer 7, lay drainage blanket 8, on drainage blanket 8, lay three-dimensional water discharge net 9, at three-dimensional water discharge net 9 upper berth geotextiles filtration bedss 10, at geotextiles filtration beds 10 upper berth planting soils 11, finally for 12 kinds, vegetation is planted.
Described sloping layer 2 construction technology processes: surrounding snap the line look for slope → base treatment → do absolute altitude pier look for slope → vertical dividing joint template → layings haydite concrete → roll extrusion closely knit → bat limit finishing → maintenance → filleting.Sloping layer when construction, at parapet and other, protrude on the body of wall, pipeline of roofing and eject horizontal absolute altitude line and control line on sloping layer.While doing sloping layer on deck, first that the loosening junk cleaning of deck upper surface is clean.According to slope requirement, slope is looked in bracing wire, by 2m, pastes some absolute altitude.Paving is smeared while looking for slope haydite concrete, first presses current direction with spacing 2m floating screed, and leveling layer dividing joint is set, and width is 20mm, and will stitch with sloping layer and be communicated with, and dividing joint maximum spacing is 6m.At roof panel support end place, roofing turning point, with the junction of outstanding roof structure, dividing joint is set.Dividing joint spacing 6m, the dividing joint degree of depth is not less than 2/3 of concrete thickness.Shape wide at the top and narrow at the bottom is made in dividing joint cross section, adopts batten to do a minute grid template, and want accurately dividing joint template installation site, and draws logical line to look for directly, fix, and guarantees smooth vertical and horizontally, must not damage the concrete at dividing joint place during bar.By quincunx staggering, fill in barn again, guarantee that corner is neat.
The construction technology process of 4 constructions of described basic unit waterproofing course and the construction of waterproof layer of resistance to root thorn 5: base cleaning → brushing base treatment agent → extra play construction → first floor basic unit waterproof roll paving → coiled material is received the head bonding → coiled material joint sealing → second layer installation of membrane of resistance to root thorn → coiled material and received head bonding → coiled material joint sealing → retaining test.Before waterproofing course paves, first that leveling layer 3 base cleanings are clean, Bing basic unit brushing coating polyurethane primer.Meanwhile, at roofing detail structure position, as gutter, eaves gutter, negative and positive angle, pipe root, Shui Luokou, deformation joint etc., must first do extra play, paving one deck synthetic polymeric waterproofing material, width is not less than 300mm.After the glue substantially dry that coiled material and basic unit have been coated with, carry out installation of membrane: the parallel ridge of coiled material is from up paving of cornice, two-way drain slope coiled material lapping acts in accordance with current direction, the lap width of long limit and termination, completely sticky method is 80mm, and termination meets the stubble 250mm that will stagger.Coiled material should, from the descending of drain slope, eject reference line paving by coiled material specification, and make the length of coiled material to vertical with flowing water slope aspect.Notice that coiled material preparation should reduce the joint at place, negative and positive angle.The coiled material that paving plane is connected with facade, should carry out from bottom to top, makes coiled material be close to negative and positive angle, can not draw to obtain tension, and must not have the phenomenons such as fold, hollowing while sprawling to coiled material.The large face coiled material of lamination paving, should stagger and be not less than 500mm with the adjacent two width coiled material minor face of layer, and the long edge lap seam of levels coiled material should stagger, and cuts and is not less than 1/3 of fabric width.When coiled material end is received, should guarantee bonding firmly, and use metal bead fixation, then after using sealing compound tight-closed.After coil waterproof layer construction, through subsurface work acceptance, confirm that way meets designing requirement, should do retaining test, generally carry out after the rain or after lasting trickle 2h, confirm non-leakage water, can construction waterproof layer topping.
Described insulation layer 6 constructions adopt unit weight>=40kg/m 350 thick extruded polystyrene boards carry out tongue and groove splicing.Press design grade and current direction, find out roof pitch trend, determine the thickness range of insulation layer.Wear the pipe root of structure before insulation layer construction, application pea gravel concreten plug is stifled closely knit.Dry bed board block insulation layer: the two adjacent edges of boards thickness in surface should be consistent.
Described drainage blanket 8 adopts the concave-convex type plastic draining board of compressive strength >=320kPa, adopts overlapping mode splicing, and during overlap joint, adjacent row's salient point of adjacent two sheet materials buckles into adjacent row's concave point.By design grade and current direction, lay.As be single function of planting, when only having draining or only having water storage function, select the sheet material that one side is recessed or one side is protruding, during laying, as while be band drain, convex surface is laying upwards; As while being water storage board, concave upright laying.As while having water draining and accumulating function concurrently, need select two-sidedly by concavo-convex sheet material, during laying, two sides can be laid arbitrarily.
The material of described three-dimensional water discharge net 9 adopts the thick plastic three-dimensional of 5mm drainage network, adopts overlapping mode splicing, and lap width is not less than 30mm.
The material of described geotextiles filtration beds 10 adopts the non-woven geotextile of density 200 g/ ㎡~400g/ ㎡, with manually rolling paving; Cloth cover is smooth, and suitably leaves distortion allowance.Geotextiles adopts the mode of sewing up to splice.All stitchings must be carried out continuously, and suture must overlapping minimum 150mm.Minimum suture needle is at least 25mm apart from selvedge.For the line sewed up, should be some strength, and have with geotextiles quite or the resist chemical exceeding and anti-uv-ray.Any " dropped stitch " in the geotextiles of sewing it up must sew up again in affected place.While adopting overlap joint, lap length is not less than 200mm, must take appropriate measures and avoid after installation, and soil, particulate matter or foreign substance enter geotextiles.When geotextiles is received, need be bonding firmly with glue with structure wall along rolling up on the outstanding roof structure bodies of wall such as parapet, gable after certain altitude, above return and be highly not less than the above 250mm of roofing finished surface.
The construction of described planting soil 11 should adopt artificial backfill method, answers compaction in layers during backfill.Planting soil should be selected rural area soil, conditioned soil or inorganic compounding planting soil.

Claims (4)

1. an inversion type planted roof structure, comprise reinforced concrete floor (1), leveling layer, waterproofing course, insulation layer (6), drainage blanket (8), filtration beds and planting soil (11), it is characterized in that: its structure forms from top to bottom and by following layer, closely connected successively: reinforced concrete floor (1), sloping layer (2), cement mortar screeding layer (3), basic unit's waterproofing course (4), the waterproofing course of resistance to root thorn (5), insulation layer (6), reinforced concrete protective layer (7), drainage blanket (8), three-dimensional water discharge net (9), geotextiles filtration beds (10) and planting soil (11).
2. inversion type planted roof structure according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described sloping layer (2) material is cement, flyash or haydites of book structure.
3. inversion type planted roof structure according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described basic unit waterproofing course (4) is SBS polyester blank modified asphalt waterproof coiled material or self-adhering-type polymer modified bituminous waterproof sheet material.
4. inversion type planted roof structure according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the described waterproofing course of resistance to root thorn (5) is SBS copper composite tyre base modified asphalt waterproof coiled material or long polyester fiber and modified asphalt waterproof roll.
CN201320523795.5U 2013-08-27 2013-08-27 Inverted planting roofing structure Expired - Fee Related CN203531260U (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104652716A (en) * 2015-02-03 2015-05-27 成龙建设集团有限公司 Heat-insulating and waterproof system of planted roof and construction method thereof
CN104831873A (en) * 2015-04-23 2015-08-12 江西师范大学 Combined intelligent rigid inverted roof with water storage and drainage functions
CN105672585A (en) * 2016-01-18 2016-06-15 李东安 Construction method for conducting water diversion and water proofing on roof planting carpet type plants
CN105888145A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-08-24 苏州市德威防水科技有限公司 Planting deck waterproof structure
CN105888146A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-08-24 苏州市德威防水科技有限公司 Waterproof and heat-insulation structure of planting top plate
CN107938954A (en) * 2017-11-17 2018-04-20 山东省金帅防水材料有限公司 A kind of planted roof root-resistant puncturing composite waterproof system
CN112854618A (en) * 2021-01-07 2021-05-28 湖南尔旭新材料有限公司 Roof planting system and construction method thereof

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104652716A (en) * 2015-02-03 2015-05-27 成龙建设集团有限公司 Heat-insulating and waterproof system of planted roof and construction method thereof
CN104831873A (en) * 2015-04-23 2015-08-12 江西师范大学 Combined intelligent rigid inverted roof with water storage and drainage functions
CN105672585A (en) * 2016-01-18 2016-06-15 李东安 Construction method for conducting water diversion and water proofing on roof planting carpet type plants
CN105888145A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-08-24 苏州市德威防水科技有限公司 Planting deck waterproof structure
CN105888146A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-08-24 苏州市德威防水科技有限公司 Waterproof and heat-insulation structure of planting top plate
CN107938954A (en) * 2017-11-17 2018-04-20 山东省金帅防水材料有限公司 A kind of planted roof root-resistant puncturing composite waterproof system
CN112854618A (en) * 2021-01-07 2021-05-28 湖南尔旭新材料有限公司 Roof planting system and construction method thereof

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140409

Termination date: 20140827

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model