CN203502798U - Greenhouse automatic irrigation control system based on ZigBee - Google Patents

Greenhouse automatic irrigation control system based on ZigBee Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203502798U
CN203502798U CN201320584557.5U CN201320584557U CN203502798U CN 203502798 U CN203502798 U CN 203502798U CN 201320584557 U CN201320584557 U CN 201320584557U CN 203502798 U CN203502798 U CN 203502798U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
zigbee
greenhouse
data acquisition
irrigation
control
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CN201320584557.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李书琴
徐杨
陈保站
范兴科
蔚继承
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西北农林科技大学
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Priority to CN201320584557.5U priority Critical patent/CN203502798U/en
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Publication of CN203502798U publication Critical patent/CN203502798U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a greenhouse automatic irrigation control system based on ZigBee, including an irrigation execution control subsystem, a data acquisition subsystem and a greenhouse control subsystem. The irrigation execution control subsystem includes a ZigBee irrigation control node, a relay, a magnetic valve, a water pump and a driver circuit. The ZigBee irrigation control node includes a MCU, a display connected with the MCU and a ZigBee wireless communication module. The data acquisition subsystem includes a ZigBee data acquisition node and a sensor group connected therewith. The ZigBee data acquisition node includes a MCU, a display connected with the MCU and a ZigBee wireless communication module. The greenhouse control subsystem includes an upper computer, a ZigBee router and a ZigBee coordinator. The ZigBee router and the upper computer are connected with the ZigBee coordinator. The system overcomes the problems in the prior art such as complex routing, and waste time and energy, to achieve the automatic control of crop irrigation in the production process of sunlight greenhouse.

Description

A kind of greenhouse automatic irrigating control system based on ZigBee

Technical field

The utility model relates to technical field of wireless, is specifically related to a kind of greenhouse automatic irrigating control system based on Zigbee.

Background technology

At present, the environmental parameter collection of China's warmhouse booth is most to be adopted manually and wired mode of arranging net, and which cost is high, efficiency is low, installation is complicated, later maintenance difficulty is large, and the data message real-time gathering is not high.ZigBee technology is as a kind of transmission mode, the feature such as there is low-power consumption, low cost, network capacity is large, dirigibility is strong, ZigBee-network adopts tree network topological structure, adopts hub-and-spoke network topology structure to compare with conventional wireless network, has the advantages such as easy connection, manageability, easy care.Global system for mobile communications GSM is a kind of digital mobile communication system, has remote transmission, communications cost is low, stability is strong important feature, can meet the application of remote low speed data transmission.

In recent years, along with the development of agriculture in greenhouse administrative skill, greenhouse automatic irrigation technology has obtained developing rapidly; this not only can improve the utilization ratio of water resource, alleviates water resources crisis, but also can improve Crop yield and quality; reduce planting cost, be conducive to promote in China.

Summary of the invention

The defect or the deficiency that for above-mentioned prior art, exist, the purpose of this utility model is, a kind of greenhouse intelligent irrigation system based on ZigBee is provided, this system has solved the problem that connects up complexity in prior art, wastes time and energy, and has realized the multi-path distributed data acquisition of greenhouse environment parameter and has controlled in real time electromagnetic valve switch; In addition, application GSM technology realizes the long-range understanding greenhouse environment parameter of managerial personnel and the real-time control to solenoid valve in greenhouse, meets the growth demand of crop to moisture, realizes crop irrigation in greenhouse production process and controls.

In order to achieve the above object, concrete technical solution of the present utility model is as follows:

A greenhouse intelligent irrigation system based on ZigBee, comprises irrigating and carries out control subsystem, data acquisition subsystem and greenhouse control subsystem;

Described irrigation is carried out control subsystem and is comprised ZigBee irrigation control node, relay, solenoid valve, water pump and driving circuit, and wherein, ZigBee irrigation control node comprises MCU and the display screen being connected with MCU and ZigBee wireless communication module; MCU connects relay by driving circuit, relay connected electromagnetic valve, and solenoid valve connects water pump;

Described data acquisition subsystem comprises a ZigBee data acquisition node and coupled sensor group; ZigBee data acquisition node comprises MCU and the display being connected with MCU and ZigBee wireless communication module;

Described greenhouse control subsystem comprises host computer, ZigBee router and ZigBee telegon, and ZigBee router is connected with ZigBee telegon, and host computer is connected with ZigBee telegon;

In each greenhouse, be provided with one and irrigate execution control subsystem, a plurality of data acquisition subsystem and a ZigBee router; The ZigBee irrigation control node that control subsystem is carried out in the irrigation in each greenhouse is connected with the ZigBee router in this greenhouse by ZigBee wireless network; The ZigBee data acquisition node of the data acquisition subsystem in each greenhouse is connected with the ZigBee router in this greenhouse by ZigBee wireless network.

Further, described sensor group comprise the ambient temperature and humidity sensor that is arranged in greenhouse, Temperature Humidity Sensor and Soil Moisture Sensor in the soil that is arranged on greenhouse and be arranged on the temperature sensor on crop canopies.

Further, described greenhouse control subsystem also comprises mobile handheld terminal and gsm wireless communication module, and wherein, described mobile handheld terminal is connected with described ZigBee telegon by gsm wireless communication module.

Further, described data acquisition subsystem also comprises control panel, and this control panel is connected with the MCU of ZigBee data acquisition node.

Further, described gsm wireless communication module adopts GSM note cat module.

Compared with prior art, the utility model has the advantage of:

1, adopt Zigbee wireless network to communicate, the status information of the data acquisition node in a plurality of greenhouses and a plurality of irrigation control node feedback is uploaded to long-range host computer simultaneously, host computer needs water diagnostic model to the analysis of plant growth water demand, judgement based on chamber crop, and send irrigation control instruction and chamber crop is carried out to intellectuality irrigate, utilize GSM technology to realize remote inquiry greenhouse environment parameter, understand crop growth environment and chamber crop carried out to real time correction and irrigate duration.

2, in data acquisition node, the setting operation of display is simple, has met tester and has moved the corrective maintenance in debugging and later stage.

3, system has MANET function, restart telegon, router, terminal node can add network automatically without button startup, node power down or the too low deviated from network of node electric weight, telegon can report and leave node, host computer can show by this category node of automatic red deletion, and notifies user which node deviated from network by note cat.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is general structure block diagram of the present utility model.

Fig. 2 is for irrigating the structural representation of carrying out ZigBee irrigation control node in control subsystem.

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of ZigBee data acquisition node in data acquisition subsystem.

Fig. 4 is the ZigBee wireless network architecture schematic diagram in the utility model.

Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is further explained.

Embodiment

As shown in Figure 1, the greenhouse intelligent irrigation system based on ZigBee of the present utility model, comprises irrigating and carries out control subsystem, data acquisition subsystem and greenhouse control subsystem.

As shown in Figure 2, irrigate execution control subsystem and comprise ZigBee irrigation control node, relay, solenoid valve, water pump and driving circuit, wherein, ZigBee irrigation control node comprises MCU and the display screen being connected with MCU and ZigBee wireless communication module; MCU connects relay by driving circuit, relay connected electromagnetic valve, and solenoid valve connects water pump.

As shown in Figure 3, data acquisition subsystem comprises a ZigBee data acquisition node and coupled sensor group.ZigBee data acquisition node comprises MCU and the display being connected with MCU and ZigBee wireless communication module; Temperature Humidity Sensor and Soil Moisture Sensor in the soil that sensor group comprises the ambient temperature and humidity sensor that is arranged in greenhouse, be arranged on greenhouse, be arranged on crop canopies and with crop canopies temperature sensor in angle of 45 degrees, during actual installation, can adopt stent support to install.Display shows the data of collection in real time, is convenient to staff's field-checking.

Greenhouse control subsystem comprises host computer, ZigBee router (Router), ZigBee telegon (Coordinator), mobile handheld terminal and gsm wireless communication module, wherein, described mobile handheld terminal is connected with ZigBee telegon by gsm wireless communication module, ZigBee router is connected with ZigBee telegon, and host computer is connected with ZigBee telegon by RS232 universal serial bus.

In each greenhouse, be provided with one and irrigate execution control subsystem, a plurality of data acquisition subsystem and a ZigBee router; The ZigBee irrigation control node that control subsystem is carried out in the irrigation in each greenhouse is connected with the ZigBee router in this greenhouse by ZigBee wireless network; The ZigBee data acquisition node of the data acquisition subsystem in each greenhouse is connected with the ZigBee router in this greenhouse by ZigBee wireless network.

As shown in Figure 4, on the ZigBee wireless network in the utility model, comprise terminal node (EndDevice), relay transmission node and collect three kinds of nodes of node.Wherein, terminal node refers to ZigBee data acquisition node and ZigBee irrigation control node, and relay transmission point refers to ZigBee router, collects node and refers to ZigBee telegon.Terminal node, relay transmission node, collect node and all by ZigBee wireless network, communicate.

Embodiment:

The present embodiment is followed the technical solution of the utility model design, wherein:

Zigbee telegon, Zigbee router, the ZigBee terminal node Jun Yi TI CC2530F256MCU of company are core development and Design.

On the MCU of ZigBee data acquisition node, increase control panel, be convenient to the oriented acquisition of managerial personnel to specific greenhouse environment parameter; Adding AMS1117-5.0 and AMS1117-3.3V voltage transformation module, is the power module of circuit board, meets the requirement of sensor group to normal working voltage; Add STC12C5A60S2MCU, realize CC2530 and STC12C5A60S2 dual-machine communication, control LCD liquid crystal display and enrich peripheral interface, for gathering more greenhouse environment parameter, provide expansion interface.

Power supply has three kinds of powering modes, 5V Mini USB powering mode, 12V storage battery power supply pattern and 12V power supply adaptor powering mode.The Mini USB powering mode of 5V DC is for download and the debugging of CC2530 and STC12C5A60S2 application program, 12V DC accumulator is directly for mobile greenhouse environment parameter data acquisition node various kinds of sensors provides normal operating voltage, also in the time of can working as external adapter power down, for mobile greenhouse environment parameter data acquisition node various kinds of sensors provides normal operating voltage, 12V power supply adaptor power supply provides stable operating voltage for greenhouse environment parameter data acquisition node.

On ZigBee irrigation control node, add solenoid control driving circuit and collect node sending controling instruction by ZigBee, the MCU pilot relay of ZigBee irrigation control node and then control electromagnetic valve work; Add solenoid valve state detection circuit and be connected to electromagnetic valve work pilot lamp, to show the duty of solenoid valve.

Gsm wireless communication module adopts the highly integrated GSM note cat module of M1306B double frequency 900/1800MHZ of French WAVECOM company.

The principle of work of system of the present utility model is as follows:

Aerial temperature and humidity, soil temperature and humidity, soil moisture content, canopy surface temperature in each sensor Real-time Collection greenhouse in sensor group, the simulating signal collecting is sent to AD converter, AD converter converts thereof into the MCU that sends to ZigBee data acquisition node after digital signal, MCU sends to router by the information receiving and acquisition time by Zigbee wireless module, by router, is sent to telegon; Display screen shows the data that collect.Meanwhile, MCU also receives from telegon the setting of sample frequency and adjustment signal by router.

Irrigate in executive control system, ZigBee irrigation control node receives the irrigation control instruction of the host computer transmission of greenhouse intelligent irrigation control system by ZigBee wireless communication module, and the irrigation status information of feedback is sent to the host computer of greenhouse control system; ZigBee irrigation control node, by the water outlet duration of solenoid control water pump, is the water requirement of chamber crop supply different times suitable growth.

Greenhouse intelligent irrigation control system receives in real time data acquisition system (DAS) and irrigates environmental data information, the feedback information that executive control system sends, and the information receiving is saved in database; According to the calculating of pouring water of the strategy of pouring water that needs the appointment of water diagnostic model of chamber crop, calculate plant growth water requirement, by ZigBee telegon, ZigBee router, irrigation control instruction is wirelessly sent to irrigation executive control system, and when needed, to irrigating execution control section, send irrigation instruction.Mobile handheld terminal is mutual by gsm wireless communication module and host computer, realizes managerial personnel and carries out Long-distance Control to irrigating executive control system.

Claims (5)

1. the greenhouse intelligent irrigation system based on ZigBee, is characterized in that, comprises irrigating carrying out control subsystem, data acquisition subsystem and greenhouse control subsystem;
Described irrigation is carried out control subsystem and is comprised ZigBee irrigation control node, relay, solenoid valve, water pump and driving circuit, and wherein, ZigBee irrigation control node comprises MCU and the display screen being connected with MCU and ZigBee wireless communication module; MCU connects relay by driving circuit, relay connected electromagnetic valve, and solenoid valve connects water pump;
Described data acquisition subsystem comprises a ZigBee data acquisition node and coupled sensor group; ZigBee data acquisition node comprises MCU and the display being connected with MCU and ZigBee wireless communication module;
Described greenhouse control subsystem comprises host computer, ZigBee router and ZigBee telegon, and ZigBee router is connected with ZigBee telegon, and host computer is connected with ZigBee telegon;
In each greenhouse, be provided with one and irrigate execution control subsystem, a plurality of data acquisition subsystem and a ZigBee router; The ZigBee irrigation control node that control subsystem is carried out in the irrigation in each greenhouse is connected with the ZigBee router in this greenhouse by ZigBee wireless network; The ZigBee data acquisition node of the data acquisition subsystem in each greenhouse is connected with the ZigBee router in this greenhouse by ZigBee wireless network.
2. the greenhouse intelligent irrigation system based on ZigBee as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that Temperature Humidity Sensor and the Soil Moisture Sensor in the soil that described sensor group comprises the ambient temperature and humidity sensor that is arranged in greenhouse, be arranged on greenhouse and be arranged on the temperature sensor on crop canopies.
3. the greenhouse intelligent irrigation system based on ZigBee as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described greenhouse control subsystem also comprises mobile handheld terminal and gsm wireless communication module, and wherein, described mobile handheld terminal is connected with described ZigBee telegon by gsm wireless communication module.
4. the greenhouse intelligent irrigation system based on ZigBee as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described data acquisition subsystem also comprises control panel, and this control panel is connected with the MCU of ZigBee data acquisition node.
5. the greenhouse intelligent irrigation system based on ZigBee as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that, described gsm wireless communication module adopts GSM note cat module.
CN201320584557.5U 2013-09-18 2013-09-18 Greenhouse automatic irrigation control system based on ZigBee CN203502798U (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104089650A (en) * 2014-07-10 2014-10-08 中国水利水电科学研究院 Crop canopy temperature and soil moisture content data monitoring system and application thereof
CN104281182A (en) * 2014-10-27 2015-01-14 武汉思睿泽科技咨询服务有限公司 Environmental monitoring system based on zigbee
CN105046924A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-11-11 钦州学院 Intelligent farmland irrigation control system based on Internet of Things and operation method of intelligent farmland irrigation control system
CN105052688A (en) * 2015-08-02 2015-11-18 华中农业大学 Irrigation control system suitable for greenhouse single crop
CN105137953A (en) * 2015-09-30 2015-12-09 蒙焕文 Orchard monitoring system based on Zigbee technology
CN106168786A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-11-30 宁波维蒙圣菲农业机械有限公司 A kind of method of long-range control monitoring irrigation sprinkler work
CN106212217A (en) * 2016-08-02 2016-12-14 浙江恒合景观规划设计有限公司 Intelligent precision irrigation control system
CN106371383A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-01 上海大学 Greenhouse remote monitoring system and method
CN107491014A (en) * 2017-09-24 2017-12-19 昆山迪奥网络科技有限公司 Greenhouse irrigation control system based on GSM network communication

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104089650A (en) * 2014-07-10 2014-10-08 中国水利水电科学研究院 Crop canopy temperature and soil moisture content data monitoring system and application thereof
CN104281182A (en) * 2014-10-27 2015-01-14 武汉思睿泽科技咨询服务有限公司 Environmental monitoring system based on zigbee
CN105052688A (en) * 2015-08-02 2015-11-18 华中农业大学 Irrigation control system suitable for greenhouse single crop
CN105046924A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-11-11 钦州学院 Intelligent farmland irrigation control system based on Internet of Things and operation method of intelligent farmland irrigation control system
CN105137953A (en) * 2015-09-30 2015-12-09 蒙焕文 Orchard monitoring system based on Zigbee technology
CN106168786A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-11-30 宁波维蒙圣菲农业机械有限公司 A kind of method of long-range control monitoring irrigation sprinkler work
CN106212217A (en) * 2016-08-02 2016-12-14 浙江恒合景观规划设计有限公司 Intelligent precision irrigation control system
CN106371383A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-01 上海大学 Greenhouse remote monitoring system and method
CN107491014A (en) * 2017-09-24 2017-12-19 昆山迪奥网络科技有限公司 Greenhouse irrigation control system based on GSM network communication

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140326

Termination date: 20140918