CN203498353U - Intelligent two-stage camellia seed husking machine - Google Patents

Intelligent two-stage camellia seed husking machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203498353U
CN203498353U CN201320636815.XU CN201320636815U CN203498353U CN 203498353 U CN203498353 U CN 203498353U CN 201320636815 U CN201320636815 U CN 201320636815U CN 203498353 U CN203498353 U CN 203498353U
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China
Prior art keywords
husking
sieve plate
sieve
peeling apparatus
plate
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201320636815.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李宁
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Beijing Zhongtian Jingu Technology Co Ltd
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Beijing Zhongtian Jingu Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an intelligent two-stage camellia seed husking machine. A primary feed hopper and a secondary feed hopper which are independent are arranged above a husking machine body, through adjusting nuts on screw connectors, a moving sieve plate can move up and down, so as to obtain the best husking effect; the effect of adjusting the moving sieve plate without disassembling the husking machine body is achieved. When the moving sieve plate needs to be changed, the screw connectors at two ends of the moving sieve plate are disassembled so as to change the sieve plate. In order to obtain the stable husking effect, the primary and secondary husking devices are provided with independent motors; due to the adoption of an adjusting bolt, the tension of a belt wheel of a husking roller and the tension of a transmission belt of a motor belt wheel are controlled. Due to the adoption of the arrangement, the husking effect of camellia seeds is greatly improved, the incomplete husking due to the mixing of thick and thin camellia seed particles is improved. Meanwhile, on the maintaining of a product, an operation method is simplified and the maintaining time is reduced; the husk content in the camellia seeds is controlled, and therefore, the effects of reducing the production cost and increasing the oil yield of camellia seed oil are achieved.

Description

Intelligence twin-stage tea fruit decorticator
Technical field:
This project related products, are applicable to the squeezing of food oils engineering tea seed and get the seed of the tea fruit before oil, the special technology field of shell separation.
Background technology:
The moiety of the lipid acid of Camellia oil have the laudatory title of " king in oil, gold liquid ".Oil tea kind is more, and the fructescence is generally in the 10-11 the first tenday period of a month month, bright in colour, the rubescent or jaundice of tea fruit, presents glossyly, and White flesh is to the greatest extent de-, and fruit base hair is hard and thick, shell fine fisssure, and the blackening of seed shell is shinny, the existing oil of seed benevolence.Tea fruit maturation should gather in time.The tea fruit of different varieties should first ripely first be adopted, after after-ripening, adopt, with ripe with adopting; The tea fruit of adopting is back placed on indoor stack retting 6-7 days, offers seed tea and plays after-ripening, increases oil content.Then firmly grasp fine day, spread out and ted, shine after 3-4 days tea fruit natural cracking, the tea seed of most fruits can be separated, unsegregated with manual removal, and then sieving, it is clean to raise, intermittently dry, generally will shine 12 days, just can make the organism such as starch and soluble sugar fully be converted into grease.Shine tea seed better than cement sunning ground with flat ground or bamboo mat, can improve oil yield and tea oil quality; Then carry out camellia oleifera fruit and shell, for avoiding shelling difficulty and planting benevolence fragmentation too much, control the water ratio of tea seed in 5%-6%.After shelling, by pulverizer, be processed into powdery, without coarse grain, obtain higher oil yield.When camellia is shelled by this natural seasoning, the tea fruit that also contains 30% left and right not yet splits; Consuming time large especially by manual removal, the tea fruit seed shell of small batch is separated, adopts manual handling still can; But today of market economy, laborer's wage increases day by day, and its economic benefit is very low; Be difficult to reach the demand of production in enormous quantities.
The decorticator that most of grease processing enterprise adopts is in the market abortion amount decorticator substantially; Because the not of uniform size of tea fruit causes, need to adjust the travelling screen that decorticator shelling roll below arranges; Conventionally after all needing to shut down, taking body apart could adjust, and time-consuming impact is produced.In the effect of peeling off, because tea fruit grain thickness is inconsistent, the separation of tea fruit seed shell can not get controlling; Cause oil plant to enter the camellia seed kernel-containing rate of oil press zhai higher or on the low side.In oil plant, the higher oil yield of oil plant that causes of shell-containing rate reduces, and production cost raises; When in oil plant, shell-containing rate is on the low side, oil plant enters the squeezing thorax of oil press zhai, owing to squeezing the very high pressing screw that is easy to stuck oil press zhai of bore temperature, causing must shut down to process, could continue to produce; The pressing screw dismounting length consuming time of oil press zhai, thus production efficiency reduced.
Utility model content:
The product that the utility model is related, intelligent twin-stage tea fruit decorticator, for the above-mentioned tea fruit poor effect of peeling off, particle slightly, carefully can not get controlling; Cause oil plant to enter the camellia seed kernel-containing rate of oil press zhai higher or on the low side; Cause the oil yield of oil plant to reduce, the problem of stuck oil press zhai pressing screw.
Intelligence tea fruit decorticator comprises: frame, one-level peeling apparatus, secondary peeling apparatus, one-level hopper, secondary hopper, motor, No. two motors, sieve end adjustable plate.On twin-stage decorticator, be provided with one-level peeling apparatus, secondary peeling apparatus.The top of one-level peeling apparatus, secondary peeling apparatus is provided with independently one-level hopper, secondary hopper, and one-level peeling apparatus, secondary peeling apparatus below are all provided with active sieve plate; Because camellia oleifera fruit size is inhomogeneous, but the granular size of tea seed is without large deviation, therefore that the sieve aperture of active sieve plate is designed to is in the same size.The two ends of active sieve plate, are threaded connection part and are connected at the bottom of the sieve that body is provided with on adjustable plate.Sieve end adjustable plate is divided into two sieve end adjustable plates and two kinds of single sieve end adjustable plates.Single sieve end adjustable plate is provided with 4 fastening bolt holes around, and there is 1 adjusting slideway centre; At the bottom of two sieves, adjustable plate is provided with 6 fastening bolt holes around, and there are 2 adjusting slideways centre; By bolted on body.Regulate the below of slideway to be provided with adjusting bolt, the nut that sieve end adjustable plate is provided with by adjusting, moves up and down active sieve plate; Reach and adjust distance between active sieve plate and shelling roll, obtain the best effect of peeling off; Thereby reach adjusting active sieve plate, do not need to take apart just adjustable effect.When needs are changed active sieve plate, being threaded of the active sieve plate two ends of dismantling is just replaceable.In order to obtain the stable effect of peeling off, one-level peeling apparatus, secondary peeling apparatus are provided with individual motor.Peeling apparatus is arranged on the centre of frame, and both sides arrange motor; A motor, No. two motors, by being arranged on the adjusting bolt in frame, control the belt pulley of shelling roll and the degree of tightness of the transmission belt that motor pulley is provided with.
By tea fruit grain thickness sorting equipment is set, the different tea fruit of thickness respectively classification enters twin-stage decorticator; The tea fruit that particle is little enters one-level hopper, and the effect by gravity enters the processing of peeling off of one-level peeling apparatus.Macrobead tea fruit enters the secondary hopper of peeling off; Effect by gravity enters the processing of peeling off of secondary peeling apparatus.The screen size of the active sieve plate being provided with below the shelling roll due to twin-stage decorticator is consistent, large and small particle tea fruit in I and II peeling apparatus forms seed, shell mixture after peeling off, No. two discharge buckets that are provided with from twin-stage decorticator below, a discharge bucket output; Through transfer roller, be transported to subsequent processing and carry out seed, shell separation.
Under the effect of the related product of the utility model, the hulling rate of tea fruit is promoted greatly, improved large or fine granule tea fruit and mixed and cause peeling off not thorough.Make in product maintenance simultaneously, simplified working method, reduced maintenance time.By follow-up tea fruit seed, the shell separation system of arranging, reach the shell-containing rate of controlling in tea seed, thereby reach the effect that reduces production costs, improves tea-seed oil material oil yield.
Accompanying drawing explanation:
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is further illustrated, Fig. 1 is intelligent twin-stage tea fruit decorticator structural representation.
As shown in Figure 1: frame 1, diagonal ligament 2, motor 3, motor adjusting bolt 4,
Motor pulley 5, one-level peeling apparatus 6, active sieve plate 7, transmission belt 8,
Peel off belt pulley 9, shelling roll 10, hopper adjusting bolt 11, one-level hopper 12,
Sieve plate adjusting bolt 13, secondary hopper 14, regulate adjustable plate 16 at the bottom of plate 15, two sieve,
Bearing support 17, single sieve end adjustable plate 18, bearing support stiffening plate 19, No. two motors 20,
Secondary peeling apparatus 21, body stiffening plate 22, No. two discharge buckets 23, a discharge bucket 24.
Embodiment:
As shown in Figure 1, decorticator frame 1 is welded by channel-section steel product of the present utility model; The platform of frame 1 is strengthened by diagonal ligament 2.Above platform, be provided with circular hole, one-level peeling apparatus 6, secondary peeling apparatus 21, motor 3, No. two motors 20 are connected with frame 1 by bolt.One-level peeling apparatus 6, secondary peeling apparatus 21 join together, and top is provided with two shield caps; Shield cap is provided with one-level hopper 12, secondary hopper 14, between one-level hopper 12, secondary hopper 14 and shield cap, is provided with discharging controlling device; By regulating hopper adjusting bolt 11, the artificial flow that promotes to regulate plate 15 control tea fruits.The inside of one-level peeling apparatus 6, secondary peeling apparatus 21 is provided with shelling roll 10, and the below of shelling roll 10 is provided with active sieve plate 7; The two ends of active sieve plate 7, are threaded connection part and are connected on the movable regulating plate that body is provided with.Movable regulating plate is divided into two sieve end adjustable plates 16 and single 18 two kinds of end adjustable plates that sieve.Active sieve plate 7 is threaded connection part and is connected with two sieve end adjustable plate 16, single sieve end adjustable plate 18, regulates sieve plate adjusting bolt 13, and active sieve plate is moved up and down; Reach and adjust distance between active sieve plate and shelling roll.One-level peeling apparatus 6, secondary peeling apparatus 21 are arranged on the centre of frame, and both sides arrange motor; Motor 5, No. two motors 20, be connected with the belt pulley 9 of peeling off by transmission belt 8.After motor 5, No. two motor 20 energisings, by the transmission belt 8 transmissions belt pulley 9 of peeling off, shelling roll 10 is run up.By tea fruit grain thickness sorting equipment is set, by the different tea fruit of thickness respectively classification enter twin-stage decorticator; The tea fruit that particle is little enters one-level hopper 12, and by the effect of gravity, tea fruit enters one-level peeling apparatus 6 processing of peeling off.Macrobead tea fruit enters the secondary hopper 14 of peeling off; Effect by gravity enters secondary peeling apparatus 21 processing of peeling off.The screen size of the active sieve plate 7 being provided with due to shelling roll 10 belows of twin-stage decorticator is consistent, large and small particle tea fruit in I and II peeling apparatus forms seed, shell mixture after peeling off, No. two discharge buckets being provided with from twin-stage decorticator below 23, discharge bucket 24 outputs; Through transfer roller, be transported to subsequent processing and carry out seed, shell separation.From the output of twin-stage decorticator, enter below and be provided with worm conveyor 8, through worm conveyor 8, be transported to subsequent processing and carry out seed, shell separation.

Claims (3)

1. intelligent twin-stage tea fruit decorticator, it is characterized in that: described intelligent tea fruit decorticator, comprising: adjustable plate (16), single sieve end adjustable plate (18) at the bottom of frame (1), one-level peeling apparatus (6), secondary peeling apparatus (21), one-level hopper (12), secondary hopper (14), a motor (3), No. two motors (20), active sieve plate (7), two sieve; Described one-level peeling apparatus (6), secondary peeling apparatus (21) are provided with individual motor, and the top of I and II peeling apparatus is provided with independently one-level hopper (12), secondary hopper (14); Described twin-stage decorticator below is provided with active sieve plate (7), No. two discharge buckets (23), a discharge bucket (24).
2. intelligent twin-stage tea fruit decorticator according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described single sieve end adjustable plate (18) is provided with 4 fastening bolt holes around, by bolted on body; In the middle of described single sieve end adjustable plate (18), there is 1 adjusting slideway, regulate the below of slideway to be provided with sieve plate adjusting bolt (13); In the middle of described two sieve end adjustable plates (16), there are 2 adjusting slideways.
3. intelligent twin-stage tea fruit decorticator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the sieve aperture of described described active sieve plate (7) is designed in the same size, the two ends of active sieve plate (7), are threaded connection part and are connected to two sieve end adjustable plates (16), the single sieve on end adjustable plate (18) that body is provided with.
CN201320636815.XU 2013-10-16 2013-10-16 Intelligent two-stage camellia seed husking machine Expired - Fee Related CN203498353U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320636815.XU CN203498353U (en) 2013-10-16 2013-10-16 Intelligent two-stage camellia seed husking machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320636815.XU CN203498353U (en) 2013-10-16 2013-10-16 Intelligent two-stage camellia seed husking machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203498353U true CN203498353U (en) 2014-03-26

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104962383A (en) * 2015-05-14 2015-10-07 青田县瓯青机械有限公司 Tea fruit grading testa chipping and separation system and process

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104962383A (en) * 2015-05-14 2015-10-07 青田县瓯青机械有限公司 Tea fruit grading testa chipping and separation system and process
CN104962383B (en) * 2015-05-14 2018-04-17 青田县瓯青机械有限公司 A kind of tea fruit classification broken shell and piece-rate system and technique

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140326

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee