CN203486840U - Multifunctional lifting machine - Google Patents

Multifunctional lifting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203486840U
CN203486840U CN201320574257.9U CN201320574257U CN203486840U CN 203486840 U CN203486840 U CN 203486840U CN 201320574257 U CN201320574257 U CN 201320574257U CN 203486840 U CN203486840 U CN 203486840U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
chain
column
platform
support
ratchet
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Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201320574257.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张务水
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JINAN LONGHAO HYDRAULIC MACHINERY Co Ltd
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JINAN LONGHAO HYDRAULIC MACHINERY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201320574257.9U priority Critical patent/CN203486840U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a multifunctional lifting machine, and relates to the technical field of lifting devices. The multifunctional lifting machine is mainly used for solving the problem that an existing lifting machine is single in purpose. The multifunctional lifting machine comprises a chain and a safety device, the two ends of the chain are fixedly connected with a platform and a drive device respectively, the safety device comprises a pawl, one end of the pawl is hinged to the platform, the other end of the pawl is connected with a pretension spring, and the pawl is matched with a stop block arranged on a stand column to play a role in supporting the platform. The multifunctional lifting machine can be used as a stereo garage and is used for conveying and rescuing materials, and the problem of the single purpose of the existing lifting machine is solved.

Description

A kind of multi-functional elevator
Technical field
The utility model relates to jacking equipment technical field, specifically a kind of elevator with several functions.
Background technology
In the production of contemporary society, more and more higher to the production automation requirement of equipment, load transfer device is being brought into play irreplaceable effect, and its powerful traffic capacity is that other standard machinery equipment is unsurpassable.Elevator, as a kind of machinery that can operation in vertical direction spatial, has been brought into play important effect in contemporary social development.Upright type lifting machine in the past, often purposes is single, is fixedly mounted on a certain working space and carries out lift work.And it is actually rare in actual life to have multi-functional elevator.A kind of chain jacking system that Chinese patent 201220445792.X announces, provides a kind of by the mobile device that drives the lifting that is raised thing of chain, and chain drives by circulation link chain transmission device, but the detailed structure of elevator is not described.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of multi-functional four-column type elevator, for solving the problem of existing elevator function singleness.
The technical scheme in the invention for solving the technical problem is: a kind of multi-functional elevator, comprise column, platform, chain and actuating device, and it is characterized in that,
Between four described columns, use attaching parts to connect and form a rectangular-shaped framework, and between two column tops of rear side, a crossbeam being installed; In side stand rearways column top, be also respectively equipped with at least two wheel flutters, on described crossbeam, be provided with the slide block that can horizontally slip, and the wheel flutter that two left and right are arranged is installed on described slide block; And on one of them column of rear side, actuating device is installed;
The front side of the described platform of rectangle and rear side corner fixedly mount respectively the second support and the first support, and described first, second support while is carried out bearing fit with the chute in four columns;
Described chain comprises the first chain, the second chain, the 3rd chain, the 4th chain and the 5th chain, one end of described first, second chain is connected in respectively on two the first supports of platform rear side, and at slide block place, merge in a place after walking around wheel flutter, and the other end of walking around respectively described first, second chain after two wheel flutters on slide block is fixed on column or crossbeam in the lump, and described first, second chain is at least coaxially set up in parallel at slide block place; The two ends of described the 3rd chain are connected with the actuating device and the slide block that are located on column respectively;
The downside of described the first support and the second support is also provided with wheel flutter;
Described the 4th, the 5th chain is positioned at the left and right sides of elevator, walks around two ends described the 4th after the wheel flutter on the second corresponding support, the 5th chain and is separately fixed at the column top of front side and the column of rear side bottom;
Left and right sides at described platform are respectively equipped with safety device, described safety device comprises ratchet and drives assembly, described ratchet is symmetricly set on the two sides of first, second support, and the ratchet of both sides is connected in the two ends of first rotating shaft hinged with support, and on first, second support, be respectively equipped with the spring of pretension ratchet, under spring tension, the laminating of the chute face of described ratchet and column; Described driving assembly is connected and drives the swing of ratchet with ratchet; And in described column chute, be provided with described click-fit and by platform locking the block at differing heights;
Top and bottom at described column are respectively equipped with travel switch.
Further, described driving assembly comprises steel rope, the second rotating shaft and centering block, and the two ends of described the second rotating shaft and platform bottom-hinged and the second rotating shaft are connected with the centering block of both sides respectively, and the two ends of centering block are connected with ratchet respectively by steel rope described in in-line; And be provided with in platform bottom the drive element that drives the second rotating shaft to rotate.
Further, described drive element is the electric expansion bar that is located at platform bottom, and described electric expansion bar is connected with the second rotating shaft by connecting rod.
Further, described actuating device is oil cylinder.
Further, described chain is leaf chain.
Further, in the bottom of described platform, be provided with reinforced rib, described electric expansion bar is fixed on reinforced rib.
Further, the cross-sectional plane of described column is C shape, and open-mouth is wherein chute.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the utility model provides a kind of multi-functional four-column type elevator, chain-driving is passed through in the rise and fall of its lifting table, and is furnished with safety device, have the following advantages: the elevator a tractor serves several purposes that 1, the utility model provides, can be used as multi-storied garage, for delivery of material or manpower to aloft work and for operations such as rescues.2, lifting is steady, the steady lifting of the transmission implementation platform by oil cylinder and chain.3, safe and reliable, between lifting table and column, be provided with safety device, can prevent falling of lifting table.4, chain strip adoption leaf chain, bearing capacity is strong.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the utility model schematic three dimensional views;
Fig. 2 is the front elevation of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the birds-eye view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is that in Fig. 1, chain connects, arranges schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is chain graphics;
Fig. 6 is the first support graphics;
Fig. 7 is Fig. 6 birds-eye view;
Fig. 8 is safety device schematic diagram;
Fig. 9 is that safety device drives schematic diagram;
Figure 10 is column birds-eye view;
In figure: 1 column, 2 platforms, 21 reinforced ribs, 3 first supports, 31 risers, 32 ratchets, 321 axles, 33 first rotating shafts, 34 through holes, 4 springs, 51 first chains, 52 second chains, 53 the 3rd chains, 54 the 4th chains, 55 the 5th chains, 6 oil cylinders, 7 pumping plants, 8 slide blocks, 9 crossbeams, 10 steel ropes, 11 centering blocks, 12 wheel flutters, 13 blocks, 14T shape piece, 15 second supports, 16 second rotating shafts, 17 electric expansion bars, 18 connecting rods, 19 first turn to wheel carrier, and 20 second turn to wheel carrier, 22 fixed blocks.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figures 1 to 10, the utility model comprises column 1, platform 2, the first support 3, chain, oil cylinder 6, pumping plant 7, slide block 8, crossbeam 9, steel rope 10, centering block 11, wheel flutter 12 and electric expansion bar 17.Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in detail.
As shown in figure 10, column 1 integral body is the steel part of column, can obtain by four bending steel plates, and its cross-sectional plane is C shape, and the internal cavities of column 1 forms straight line chute, and is provided with block 13 at the medial surface of column 1; Block 13 is rectangular metal piece, adopts the mode of welding to be fixed on column, and is provided with two blocks 13 at a certain height.Four root posts 1 surround a rectangle, in the bottom of column 1, are provided with fixation steel plate, can be fixedly connected with ground by this fixation steel plate.Bottom at two root posts 1 of rear side is respectively equipped with the first support 3, in the bottom of two root posts 1 of front side, is respectively equipped with the second support 15, and the middle part of this first support 3 and the second support 15 is stretched out one section in horizontal surface, forms the plane of carrying platform 2.Platform 2 is rectangular metal plate, and four angle overlap joints of platform 2 are fixed on four supports, and are provided with reinforced rib 21 in the bottom of platform 2, to increase the bearing capacity of platform 2, prevents platform 2 distortion.
As shown in Figure 6, the first support 3 comprises riser 31 and ratchet 32, riser 31 is projected as U-shaped in horizontal surface, this riser 31 can obtain through twice 90 ° of bendings by a rectangular steel plates, and at the two ends of riser 31, being respectively equipped with a L shaped breach, the horizontal component of this L shaped breach contacts with platform 2 and support platform 2.Between the relative two side of riser 31, wheel flutter 12 is installed, and on the relative two side of riser 31, is provided with two ratchets 32 that are arranged symmetrically with.Ratchet 32 is the derby of obtuse-angled triangle structure, and first rotating shaft 33 is fixed together left and right two ratchets 32 through riser 31 two sides, and the first rotating shaft 33 is hinged with riser 31, and therefore two ratchets 32 can rotate relative to riser 31.On riser 31 sidewalls, be fixed with the spring 4 that is positioned at vertical plane, one end of spring 4 is connected with the vertical mounting blocks being located on riser 31 sidewalls, the other end of spring 4 is connected with the bottom of ratchet 32, under spring 4 elastic force effects, the bottom of ratchet 32 tilts to the rear side of riser 31, and in ratchet 32 sides, is provided with the axle 321 being vertically fixed on ratchet 32.At the top of the first support 3, be provided with a cylindrical hole 34, a T shape piece 14 is installed in this through hole 34.T shape piece 14 is for being fixedly connected with the derby of chain, comprise that top rectangular block and lower cylindrical body form, this cylinder part is placed in above-mentioned through hole 34, and be provided with in the bottom of T shape piece 14 the oblate cylinder that an oad is greater than through hole 34 apertures, to prevent that T shape piece 14 from skidding off from through hole 34, the rectangular block on T shape piece 14 tops is connected with chain.The second support 15 is identical with the first support 3 integral structures, and difference is only the second support 15 open tops, to facilitate passing of chain.The first support 3 and the second support 15 act as support platform 2, fixedly chain, wheel flutter 12 is installed, the shape of support is not limited in foregoing description.
As shown in Figure 1, at two column 1 tops of rear side, being respectively equipped with first turns to wheel carrier 19 and second to turn to wheel carrier 20, turn to wheel carrier to comprise two vertically and the metal sheet being arranged in parallel, and between two metal sheets, be provided with two wheel flutters 12, two the wheel flutters 12 one the first from left right layout hinged with metal sheet; And first turns to the wheel flutter wheel shaft of wheel carrier 19 upper left sides lower than the wheel flutter wheel shaft on right side, and second turns to the wheel flutter wheel shaft on right side on wheel carrier 20 lower than the wheel flutter wheel shaft in left side.At first, second, turn between wheel carrier and be provided with the crossbeam 9 that is fixed on rear side two column tops, crossbeam 9 is square steel part; On the top of crossbeam 9, be provided with the slide block 8 with crossbeam 9 bearing fits, slide block 8 is that integral body is the derby of U-shaped, and between the U-shaped opening of slide block 8, be provided with two wheel flutters 12 hinged with slide block 8, on the right side of slide block 8, be provided with the T shape piece 14 perpendicular to vertical plane, and the wheel flutter on slide block 8 and second turns to the wheel flutter coaxial line on wheel carrier 20 tops to arrange.
As shown in Figure 4, one end of the second chain 52 is fixed on the T shape piece 14 at the first support 3 tops, and the second chain 52 turns to the wheel flutter, second of wheel carrier 19 bottoms to turn to the wheel flutter, second of wheel carrier 20 bottoms to turn to after the wheel flutter of wheel carrier 20 upper right and the wheel flutter in slide block 8 left sides through first successively, the other end of the second chain 52 be fixed on second and turn to the fixed block 22 on wheel carrier 20 to be connected, the derby that fixed block 22 is cuboid, only works to be fixedly connected with chain; And the second chain 52 is through the internal cavity of crossbeam 9.One end of the first chain 51 is connected with the T shape piece 14 at first support 3 tops in left side, and turn to after the wheel flutter of wheel carrier 20 upper left-hand and the wheel flutter on slide block 8 right sides through second successively, the other end of the first chain 51 be fixed on second and turn to the fixed block 22 on wheel carrier 20 to be connected; And in the second part turning between wheel carrier 20 and slide block 8, the first chain 51 and the second chain 52 overlap; Be specially: on steering wheel shaft, the first chain 51 is positioned at the top of the second chain 52; Under steering wheel shaft, the second chain 52 is positioned at the top of the first chain 51.One end of the 3rd chain 53 is connected with the T shape piece 14 of slide block 8 right sides, and is connected with oil cylinder 6 piston rods that are positioned at column side after the first wheel flutter that turns to wheel carrier 19 tops; Be specially: first, turn to column side below wheel carrier 19 to be fixed with the oil cylinder 6 of vertical placement, and oil cylinder 6 cylinder barrels are connected with the pumping plant 7 that is located at column 1 one sides; In the end of oil cylinder 6 piston rods, be provided with fixed block 22, the three chains 53 is connected with the fixed block 22 of oil cylinder 6 piston rod parts after the first wheel flutter that turns to wheel carrier 19 tops.Left and right sides at elevator are respectively equipped with the 5th chain 55 and the 4th chain 54, the 4th chain 54, the 5th chain 55 coordinate with wheel flutter bottom on the second support 15 of corresponding side and the wheel flutter top on the first support 3 respectively, and four, one end of the 5th chain is connected with the fixed block 22 that is fixed on front heel post 1 top respectively, the 4th, the other end of the 5th chain is connected with the fixed block 22 that is fixed on rear side column 1 bottom respectively.When oil cylinder 6 piston rods are retracted, the 3rd chain 53 moves down, and slide block 8 moves to right, and moves, and then drive the first support 3 to rise on first, second chain; Now, the 4th, under the drive of the 5th chain, the second support 15 rises, and then the rising of implementation platform 2.For increasing chain load-carrying capacity, chain is leaf chain, and as shown in Figure 5, chain internal voids is less, and single chain bearing capacity can reach 7-8 ton.
For preventing that the platform 2 that rises to a certain height from landing suddenly, on platform 2 and column 1, be provided with safety device, safety device comprises steel rope 10, centering block 11, the second rotating shaft 16, electric expansion bar 17 and connecting rod 18.Be specially: as shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 9, in platform 2 bottoms, be provided with the electric expansion bar 17 being fixed on reinforced rib 21, end at electric expansion bar 17 is hinged with connecting rod 18, and the other end of connecting rod 18 is connected in the second rotating shaft 16 of platform 2 bottoms, and connecting rod 18 and the vertical setting of the second rotating shaft 16; The both sides of the two ends of the second rotating shaft 16 and platform 2 are hinged, at the two ends of the second rotating shaft 16, be fixedly connected with respectively a centering block 11, centering block 11 is the derby of in-line structure, the two ends of centering block 11 are connecting steel wire ropes 10 respectively, and the other end of steel rope 10 is connected with the axle 321 that is fixed on ratchet 32 sides respectively.As shown in Figure 8, when centering block 11 rotates, the steel rope 10 of centering block 11 both sides moves in the opposite direction, makes ratchet 32 leave column 1 simultaneously or contacts column 1 simultaneously.As shown in Figure 9, when electric expansion bar 17 stretches out, the second rotating shaft 16 clockwise rotates, and drives centering block 11 to clockwise rotate, and the steel rope 10 of both sides is drawn close to centre, and now, ratchet 32 is separated with column; When electric expansion bar 17 is retracted, the second rotating shaft 16 rotates counterclockwise, and drives centering block 11 to rotate counterclockwise, and the steel rope 10 of both sides is to two side shiftings, and now, under spring 4 effects, ratchet 32 contacts with column; When platform 2 rises, electric expansion bar 17 stretches out, and when ratchet 32, crosses after block 13, can press control button, and now oil cylinder 6 stops action, and platform 2 no longer rises; For safety, ratchet 32 should be withstood on to block 13 upper surfaces, now can again press control button, oil cylinder 6 action, platform 2 segment distance that first rises, meanwhile, electric expansion bar 17 is retracted, and ratchet 32 contacts with column; Then oil cylinder 6 counteragents, decline until ratchet 32 withstands on the upper surface of block 13 platform 2, and now oil cylinder 6 stops action.When platform 2 rests on a certain height, chain makes platform 2 firmly be placed in certain altitude to the pulling force of platform 2; Simultaneously the cooperation that contacts of ratchet 32 and block 13, has a bearing force to platform 2, plays the effect of double insurance.Range for restriction platform 2, is respectively equipped with travel switch in top and the bottom of column 1.

Claims (7)

1. a multi-functional elevator, comprises column, platform, chain and actuating device, it is characterized in that,
Between four described columns, use attaching parts to connect and form a rectangular-shaped framework, and between two column tops of rear side, a crossbeam being installed; In side stand rearways column top, be also respectively equipped with at least two wheel flutters, on described crossbeam, be provided with the slide block that can horizontally slip, and the wheel flutter that two left and right are arranged is installed on described slide block; And on one of them column of rear side, actuating device is installed;
The front side of the described platform of rectangle and rear side corner fixedly mount respectively the second support and the first support, and described first, second support while is carried out bearing fit with the chute in four columns;
Described chain comprises the first chain, the second chain, the 3rd chain, the 4th chain and the 5th chain, one end of described first, second chain is connected in respectively on two the first supports of platform rear side, and at slide block place, merge in a place after walking around wheel flutter, and the other end of walking around respectively described first, second chain after two wheel flutters on slide block is fixed on column or crossbeam in the lump, and described first, second chain is at least coaxially set up in parallel at slide block place; The two ends of described the 3rd chain are connected with the actuating device and the slide block that are located on column respectively;
The downside of described the first support and the second support is also provided with wheel flutter;
Described the 4th, the 5th chain is positioned at the left and right sides of elevator, walks around two ends described the 4th after the wheel flutter on the second corresponding support, the 5th chain and is separately fixed at the column top of front side and the column of rear side bottom;
Left and right sides at described platform are respectively equipped with safety device, described safety device comprises ratchet and drives assembly, described ratchet is symmetricly set on the two sides of first, second support, and the ratchet of both sides is connected in the two ends of first rotating shaft hinged with support, and on first, second support, be respectively equipped with the spring of pretension ratchet, under spring tension, the laminating of the chute face of described ratchet and column; Described driving assembly is connected and drives the swing of ratchet with ratchet; And in described column chute, be provided with described click-fit and by platform locking the block at differing heights;
Top and bottom at described column are respectively equipped with travel switch.
2. a kind of multi-functional elevator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described driving assembly comprises steel rope, the second rotating shaft and centering block, the two ends of described the second rotating shaft and platform bottom-hinged and the second rotating shaft are connected with the centering block of both sides respectively, and the two ends of centering block are connected with ratchet respectively by steel rope described in in-line; And be provided with in platform bottom the drive element that drives the second rotating shaft to rotate.
3. a kind of multi-functional elevator according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described drive element is the electric expansion bar that is located at platform bottom, and described electric expansion bar is connected with the second rotating shaft by connecting rod.
4. a kind of multi-functional elevator according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described actuating device is oil cylinder.
5. a kind of multi-functional elevator according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described chain is leaf chain.
6. a kind of multi-functional elevator according to claim 3, is characterized in that, in the bottom of described platform, is provided with reinforced rib, and described electric expansion bar is fixed on reinforced rib.
7. a kind of multi-functional elevator according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the cross-sectional plane of described column is C shape, and open-mouth is wherein chute.
CN201320574257.9U 2013-09-16 2013-09-16 Multifunctional lifting machine Withdrawn - After Issue CN203486840U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320574257.9U CN203486840U (en) 2013-09-16 2013-09-16 Multifunctional lifting machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320574257.9U CN203486840U (en) 2013-09-16 2013-09-16 Multifunctional lifting machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203486840U true CN203486840U (en) 2014-03-19

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CN201320574257.9U Withdrawn - After Issue CN203486840U (en) 2013-09-16 2013-09-16 Multifunctional lifting machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103434974A (en) * 2013-09-16 2013-12-11 济南龙豪液压机械有限公司 Multifunctional lift

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103434974A (en) * 2013-09-16 2013-12-11 济南龙豪液压机械有限公司 Multifunctional lift
CN103434974B (en) * 2013-09-16 2015-07-22 济南龙豪液压机械有限公司 Multifunctional lift

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