CN203454314U - Solar air conditioner and air-cooling module combined system - Google Patents

Solar air conditioner and air-cooling module combined system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203454314U
CN203454314U CN201320473055.5U CN201320473055U CN203454314U CN 203454314 U CN203454314 U CN 203454314U CN 201320473055 U CN201320473055 U CN 201320473055U CN 203454314 U CN203454314 U CN 203454314U
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China
Prior art keywords
water
cooling module
solar
valve
air
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201320473055.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄莉
郑荣跃
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Ningbo University
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Ningbo University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/27Relating to heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC] technologies
    • Y02A30/272Solar heating or cooling
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal

Abstract

The utility model discloses a solar air conditioner and air-cooling module combined system which comprises an air-cooling module unit, a solar heat collector, a hot-water circulation pipeline, an absorption refrigerating machine, a cold-water circulation pipeline and a fan coil. The solar heat collector, the hot-water circulation pipeline, the absorption refrigerating machine, the cold-water circulation pipeline and the fan coil are sequentially connected. The solar air conditioner and air-cooling module combined system is characterized in that a solar air conditioner and an air-cooling module run in a combined mode, in seasons with sufficient sunlight, solar energy is utilized as a main energy source to generate hot water, the absorption refrigerating machine is driven to generate cold water to be used for refrigeration, loads of a power grid can be greatly reduced, and the solar air conditioner is preferably used for conducting building refrigerating or heating under the situation that solar energy resources are sufficient; the solar air conditioner and the air-cooling module run at the same time or the air-cooling module independently runs to conduct building refrigerating or heating under the situation that solar energy resources are insufficient, and the requirements for building refrigerating or heating are met. Therefore, the solar air conditioner and air-cooling module combined system has the advantages that solar energy is preferably used on the premise that user comfort is ensured, the energy consumption of an air-conditioner system is greatly reduced, and the energy utilization rate is high.

Description

Solar airconditioning and air cooling module association system
Technical field
The utility model relates to solar air-conditioner system field, especially relates to a kind of solar airconditioning and air cooling module association system.
Background technology
Tradition air-conditioning utilizes electric energy to carry out drive compression formula refrigeration machine, consumes for a long time mass energy, and energy utilization rate is low, accelerates global warming, especially, in peak times of power consumption in summer, to electrical network, brings great burden.Solar energy resources has become the developable maximum energy in the world today because it has inexhaustible feature, China to the development and utilization of solar energy resources in a Rapid development stage.Solar air-conditioner system is the advanced form of solar energy heat utilization, not only can make full use of solar energy throughout the year and provide cooling, heating and hot water service for user, and also environment friendly and pollution-free, significantly reduce the consumption of air-conditioning system to traditional energy.But the shortcomings such as solar energy also exists simultaneously, and density is low, intermittence and randomness, have reduced the energy utilization rate of current solar air-conditioner system.When solar energy resources is inadequate, need to configure the corresponding standby energy.Current technology adopts auxiliary thermal source to provide its generator needed hot water for Absorption Refrigerator more, such as used heat, combustion gas, electricity etc.Yet, can utilize the situation of used heat not general, employing combustion gas energy consumption is high and follow a large amount of poisonous fumes of discharge, and adopting power supply is to be low-grade heat energy by high-grade energy conversion, and energy utilization rate is low.Therefore there is certain deficiency in the existing solar air-conditioner system that disposes the standby energy.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is: for the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of energy utilization rate is high, energy consumption is low solar airconditioning and air cooling module association system.
The utility model solves the problems of the technologies described above adopted technical scheme: solar airconditioning and air cooling module association system, comprise the solar thermal collector connecting successively, hot water circulating pipeline, Absorption Refrigerator, cool water circulating pipe road and fan coil, the water side of described solar thermal collector is provided with the first valve and the first temperature sensor, between described solar thermal collector and described hot water circulating pipeline, by First Heat Exchanger, be connected, between described hot water circulating pipeline and described Absorption Refrigerator, by the second heat exchanger, be connected, between described Absorption Refrigerator and described cool water circulating pipe road, by the 3rd heat exchanger, be connected, on described hot water circulating pipeline, be provided with hot water storage tank and some water circulating pumps, on described cool water circulating pipe road, be provided with cold water storage tank and some water circulating pumps, described hot water storage tank's water intake end is connected with the water side of described fan coil, the water side of described cold water storage tank is connected with the water intake end of described fan coil, the water intake end of described cold water storage tank is connected with the water side of described fan coil, also comprise air cooling module unit, the water intake end of described air cooling module unit is connected with the water side of described fan coil, the water intake end of described air cooling module unit is provided with the second valve, the water side of described air cooling module unit is connected with the water intake end of described fan coil, the water side of described air cooling module unit is provided with the 3rd valve, described hot water storage tank's water side is connected with the water intake end of described fan coil, between the water intake end of described hot water storage tank's water side and described fan coil, be disposed with the second temperature sensor, triple valve, the 4th valve and water circulating pump, the second described temperature sensor is connected with the 3rd described valve with the 4th described valve respectively, described triple valve respectively with described hot water storage tank's water side, the 4th described valve is connected with the second described heat exchanger, between the water intake end of the water side of described cold water storage tank and described fan coil, be disposed with three-temperature sensor, the 5th valve and water circulating pump, described three-temperature sensor is connected with the second described valve with the 5th described valve respectively.
Described Absorption Refrigerator is lithium-bromide absorption-type refrigerating machine.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the advantage of: solar airconditioning and air cooling module cooperation, in sunny season, utilize solar energy to produce hot water as main energy sources, drive Absorption Refrigerator to produce cold water for refrigeration, can significantly reduce the load of electrical network, realize and preferentially in the situation of solar energy resources abundance use solar airconditioning build to freeze or heating; In the situation of solar energy resources deficiency, solar airconditioning and air cooling module move or refrigeration or heating are built in air cooling module isolated operation simultaneously, meet building refrigeration or heating demand.Therefore, the utility model solar airconditioning and air cooling module association system are preferentially used solar energy under the prerequisite that guarantees users'comfort, greatly reduce the energy consumption of air-conditioning system, and energy utilization rate is high.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of embodiment solar airconditioning and air cooling module association system.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, embodiment is described in further detail the utility model.
As shown in Figure 1, solar airconditioning and air cooling module association system, comprise the solar thermal collector 1 connecting successively, hot water circulating pipeline 2, Absorption Refrigerator 3, cool water circulating pipe road 4 and fan coil 5, also comprise air cooling module unit 6, the water side of solar thermal collector 1 is provided with the first valve 11 and the first temperature sensor 12, between solar thermal collector 1 and hot water circulating pipeline 2, by First Heat Exchanger 71, be connected, between hot water circulating pipeline 2 and Absorption Refrigerator 3, by the second heat exchanger 72, be connected, between Absorption Refrigerator 3 and cool water circulating pipe road 4, by the 3rd heat exchanger 73, be connected, on hot water circulating pipeline 2, be provided with hot water storage tank 21 and 2 water circulating pumps 81, on cool water circulating pipe road 4, be provided with cold water storage tank 41 and a water circulating pump 81, hot water storage tank 21 water intake end is connected with the water side of fan coil 5, the water side of cold water storage tank 41 is connected with the water intake end of fan coil 5, the water intake end of cold water storage tank 41 is connected with the water side of fan coil 5, the water intake end of air cooling module unit 6 is connected with the water side of fan coil 5, the water intake end of air cooling module unit 6 is provided with the second valve 61, the water side of air cooling module unit 6 is connected with the water intake end of fan coil 5, the water side of air cooling module unit 6 is provided with the 3rd valve 62, hot water storage tank 21 water side is connected with the water intake end of fan coil 5, between the water intake end of hot water storage tank 21 water side and fan coil 5, be disposed with the second temperature sensor 22, triple valve 23, the 4th valve 24 and water circulating pump 81, the second temperature sensor 22 is connected with the 3rd valve 62 with the 4th valve 24 respectively, triple valve 23 respectively with hot water storage tank 21 water side, the 4th valve 24 is connected with the second heat exchanger 72, between the water intake end of the water side of cold water storage tank 41 and fan coil 5, be disposed with three-temperature sensor 42, the 5th valve 43 and water circulating pump 81, three-temperature sensor 42 is connected with the second valve 61 with the 5th valve 43 respectively.
In above embodiment, the design load of the return water temperature of Absorption Refrigerator 3 is 12 ~ 14 ℃, and this Absorption Refrigerator 3 can be lithium-bromide absorption-type refrigerating machine.
Under refrigeration mode, solar thermal collector 1 produces the hot water of 85 ~ 105 ℃, the hot water that First Heat Exchanger 71 heat hot water storage tank is 21 li, by hot water, drive Absorption Refrigerator 3 to produce the cold water of 6 ~ 8 ℃, cold water is stored in 41 li of cold water storage tanks and is transported to 5 li of fan coils by water circulating pump 81, for building provides air conditioner refrigerating.The start and stop of air cooling module unit 6 are controlled by three-temperature sensor 42 and the second valve 61, and the 3rd valve 62 is opened.When the leaving water temperature of cold water storage tank 41 is 6 ~ 8 ℃, now solar energy resources is sufficient, and the 5th valve 43 is opened, and the second valve 61 is closed, and the chilled water that meets building refrigeration needs is all provided by solar airconditioning; When the leaving water temperature of cold water storage tank 41 is between 12 ~ 14 ℃ of the return water temperatures of 8 ℃ and Absorption Refrigerator 3 designs time, now solar energy resources is slightly not enough, the 5th valve 43 and the second valve 61 are opened simultaneously, and solar airconditioning and air cooling module move simultaneously, for fan coil 5 provides chilled water; When the leaving water temperature of cold water storage tank 41 is during higher than 12 ~ 14 ℃ of the return water temperatures of Absorption Refrigerator 3 designs, now solar energy resources is comparatively not enough, the 5th valve 43 is closed, and the second valve 61 is opened, and the chilled water that meets building refrigeration needs is all provided by air cooling module.
Under heating pattern, close triple valve 23 and make Absorption Refrigerator 3 out of service, solar thermal collector 1 produces the hot water of 45 ~ 60 ℃, the hot water that First Heat Exchanger 71 heat hot water storage tank is 21 li, hot water is transported to 5 li of fan coils by circulating pump 81, for building provides air-conditioning heating.The start and stop of air cooling module unit 6 are controlled by the second temperature sensor 22 and the 3rd valve 62, and the second valve 61 is opened.When hot water storage tank 21 leaving water temperature is 45 ~ 60 ℃, now solar energy resources is sufficient, and the 4th valve 24 is opened, and the 3rd valve 62 is closed, and the hot water that meets building and heating needs is all provided by solar airconditioning; When hot water storage tank 21 leaving water temperature is 40 ~ 45 ℃, now solar energy resources is slightly not enough, and the 4th valve 24 and the 3rd valve 62 are opened simultaneously, and solar airconditioning and air cooling module move simultaneously, for fan coil 5 provides heating hot water; When hot water storage tank 21 leaving water temperature is during lower than 40 ℃, now solar energy resources is comparatively not enough, and the 4th valve 24 is closed, and the 3rd valve 62 is opened, and the hot water that meets building and heating needs is all provided by air cooling module.
Visible, the in the situation that of solar energy resources abundance, when building refrigeration or heating, preferentially use solar energy; The in the situation that of solar energy resources deficiency, when building refrigeration or heating, solar airconditioning and air cooling module move or air cooling module isolated operation simultaneously.Under the prerequisite that guarantees users'comfort, preferentially use solar energy, greatly reduce the energy consumption of air-conditioning system, energy utilization rate is high.

Claims (2)

1. solar airconditioning and air cooling module association system, comprise the solar thermal collector connecting successively, hot water circulating pipeline, Absorption Refrigerator, cool water circulating pipe road and fan coil, the water side of described solar thermal collector is provided with the first valve and the first temperature sensor, between described solar thermal collector and described hot water circulating pipeline, by First Heat Exchanger, be connected, between described hot water circulating pipeline and described Absorption Refrigerator, by the second heat exchanger, be connected, between described Absorption Refrigerator and described cool water circulating pipe road, by the 3rd heat exchanger, be connected, on described hot water circulating pipeline, be provided with hot water storage tank and some water circulating pumps, on described cool water circulating pipe road, be provided with cold water storage tank and some water circulating pumps, described hot water storage tank's water intake end is connected with the water side of described fan coil, the water side of described cold water storage tank is connected with the water intake end of described fan coil, the water intake end of described cold water storage tank is connected with the water side of described fan coil, characterized by further comprising air cooling module unit, the water intake end of described air cooling module unit is connected with the water side of described fan coil, the water intake end of described air cooling module unit is provided with the second valve, the water side of described air cooling module unit is connected with the water intake end of described fan coil, the water side of described air cooling module unit is provided with the 3rd valve, described hot water storage tank's water side is connected with the water intake end of described fan coil, between the water intake end of described hot water storage tank's water side and described fan coil, be disposed with the second temperature sensor, triple valve, the 4th valve and water circulating pump, the second described temperature sensor is connected with the 3rd described valve with the 4th described valve respectively, described triple valve respectively with described hot water storage tank's water side, the 4th described valve is connected with the second described heat exchanger, between the water intake end of the water side of described cold water storage tank and described fan coil, be disposed with three-temperature sensor, the 5th valve and water circulating pump, described three-temperature sensor is connected with the second described valve with the 5th described valve respectively.
2. solar airconditioning according to claim 1 and air cooling module association system, is characterized in that described Absorption Refrigerator is lithium-bromide absorption-type refrigerating machine.
CN201320473055.5U 2013-08-05 2013-08-05 Solar air conditioner and air-cooling module combined system Withdrawn - After Issue CN203454314U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103438524A (en) * 2013-08-05 2013-12-11 宁波大学 Solar air conditioner and air-cooled module combined system
CN106091200A (en) * 2016-07-25 2016-11-09 青岛大学 A kind of bus shelter of solar wind-energy complicated utilization

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103438524A (en) * 2013-08-05 2013-12-11 宁波大学 Solar air conditioner and air-cooled module combined system
CN103438524B (en) * 2013-08-05 2015-09-30 宁波大学 Solar airconditioning and air cooling module association system
CN106091200A (en) * 2016-07-25 2016-11-09 青岛大学 A kind of bus shelter of solar wind-energy complicated utilization

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Granted publication date: 20140226

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