CN203443337U - Aluminum, zinc, copper and magnesium smelting furnace using bio-particles - Google Patents

Aluminum, zinc, copper and magnesium smelting furnace using bio-particles Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203443337U
CN203443337U CN201320441916.1U CN201320441916U CN203443337U CN 203443337 U CN203443337 U CN 203443337U CN 201320441916 U CN201320441916 U CN 201320441916U CN 203443337 U CN203443337 U CN 203443337U
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China
Prior art keywords
combustion chamber
zinc
copper
graphite crucible
combustion
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201320441916.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张崇鑫
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张崇鑫
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Priority to CN201320441916.1U priority Critical patent/CN203443337U/en
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model provides an aluminum, zinc, copper and magnesium smelting furnace using bio-particles and belongs to the technical field of metal smelting equipment. The aluminum, zinc, copper and magnesium smelting furnace is composed of a combustion furnace, a material distribution and air distribution device and an automatic power distribution box. The aluminum, zinc, copper and magnesium smelting furnace is characterized in that the combustion furnace is internally provided with a combustion chamber and the combustion chamber is internally provided with a graphite crucible; a supporting column is arranged below the graphite crucible; a protective crucible ring is arranged at the upper edge of the graphite crucible; a pre-heating hopper and a thermoelectric couple are arranged above the graphite crucible; a thermal force secondary utilization pipe is arranged at the lateral top of the combustion chamber; the thermal force secondary utilization pipe is provided with a thermal force branch pipe communicating to the pre-heating hoper and a thermal force branch pipe communicating to the graphite crucible; an air cooling interlayer is arranged on the outer wall of the combustion chamber; one material distribution and air distribution device is arranged on the side face of the combustion furnace. The aluminum, zinc, copper and magnesium smelting furnace using the bio-particles takes the renewable biomass particles as fuel and has the characteristics of large heated area, high production efficiency, high efficiency and energy conservation, low carbon and environmental friendliness, low operation cost and simplicity in operation and maintenance.

Description

Biologic grain melts aluminium, zinc, copper, magnesium stove
Technical field
The utility model belongs to smelting metal equipment technical field, relates in particular to a kind of stove and accessory that utilizes biologic grain to melt aluminium, zinc, copper, magnesium.
Background technology
Developing biomass energy is a set state basic policy of China, in recent years, under the support of national policy, bio-energy equipment has had tremendous development, but in apparatus for melting metal field, utilize the equipment of bioenergy also seldom, metal molten is the first step of metal processing, also be metal processing basis, metal molten need to consume a large amount of energy, it is genuine highly energy-consuming industry, be in always and be limited or superseded condition, seriously restricted the development of metal-processing industry, if can be by bioenergy utilization the Metal Melting industry in highly energy-consuming, it will be qualitative leap of industry.The melting utensils such as existing electric furnace and coal stove are that surface can produce oxide at metal molten, and follow-up processing produces great impact.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of biologic grain to melt aluminium, zinc, copper, magnesium stove, this stove adopts biologic grain to do raw material, utilize biomass energy, non-renewable resources have been saved, in fusion process, do not have oxide to produce, guaranteed the quality of later stage metal processing.
The technical scheme that the utility model is taked realizes: a kind of biologic grain melts aluminium, zinc, copper, magnesium stove, by combustion furnace, batching air distribution device and automatically distribution box form, feature is to be provided with combustion chamber in described combustion furnace, in combustion chamber, be provided with graphite crucible, below described graphite crucible, be provided with support column, the upper edge of graphite crucible is provided with protection crucible circle, above graphite crucible, be provided with preheating hopper and thermocouple, combustion chamber side top is provided with a heating power secondary utilization pipe, the heating power that heating power secondary utilizes pipe to be provided with to lead to the heating power of preheating hopper to be in charge of and to lead in graphite crucible is in charge of, described outer wall of combustion chamber is provided with wind cooling sandwith layer, combustion furnace side arranges a batching air distribution device, above described batching air distribution device, is provided with hopper, and hopper has dispenser, and dispenser is provided with tilting unidirectional tremie pipe, and tremie pipe connects combustion furnace inner combustion chamber.
In described batching air distribution device, be provided with air blast, the air outlet of air blast connects air distributor box, and air distributor box is connected to aid distributing pipe, secondary aid distributing pipe and three aid distributing pipes one time; One time aid distributing pipe connects tremie pipe, and secondary aid distributing pipe connects dispenser, and three times aid distributing pipe connects wind cooling sandwith layer, and wind cooling sandwith layer middle part is provided with the aid distributing pipe that connects combustion chamber.
In described combustion chamber, be provided with fire bars, outer wall of combustion chamber is provided with combustion chamber ashpit, above the ashpit of combustion chamber, is provided with visor, the convenient combustion chamber internal combustion situation of observing.
Described automatic distribution box is provided with the control button of feeding frequency conversion, air-supply frequency conversion and temperature controller.
Further, described combustion furnace is provided with safety valve.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: take renewable biomass particle as fuel, have that heating surface is large, production efficiency is high, energy-efficient, low-carbon environment-friendly, operating cost are low, the simple feature of Operation and Maintenance, it is the best product of replacing fuel oil, combustion gas, coke, electric furnace, can help the energy consumption cost of the reduction 30-60% of enterprise, for country has saved non-renewable resources! The utility model arranges preheating hopper, utilizes waste heat by low-melting-point metal preheatings such as aluminium, zinc, copper, magnesium, has saved smelting time, has saved the energy, and the heating power that heating power secondary utilizes pipe to be provided with in graphite crucible is simultaneously in charge of, the CO that burning is produced 2deliver in graphite crucible, the liquid metal surface in graphite crucible produces layer protecting film, guarantees that metal can be not oxidized.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, further the present invention is illustrated;
Embodiment: as shown in Figure 1, a kind of biologic grain melts aluminium, zinc, copper, magnesium stove, by combustion furnace 8, batching air distribution device and automatically distribution box form, feature is to be provided with combustion chamber in described combustion furnace 8, in combustion chamber, be provided with graphite crucible 10, described graphite crucible 10 is provided with support column below, the upper edge of graphite crucible 10 is provided with protection crucible circle 17, graphite crucible 10 is provided with preheating hopper 12 and thermocouple 18 above, combustion chamber side top is provided with a heating power secondary utilization pipe 11, heating power secondary utilization pipe 11 is provided with and leads to the heating power that the heating power of preheating hopper 12 is in charge of and leads in graphite crucible 10 and be in charge of, described outer wall of combustion chamber is provided with wind cooling sandwith layer 9, combustion furnace 8 sides arrange a batching air distribution device, above described batching air distribution device, are provided with hopper 1, and hopper 1 has dispenser 2, and dispenser 2 is provided with tilting unidirectional tremie pipe, and tremie pipe connects combustion furnace 8 inner combustion chambers.In described batching air distribution device, be provided with air blast 3, the air outlet of air blast 3 connects air distributor box 4, and air distributor box 4 is connected to aid distributing pipe 13, secondary aid distributing pipe 14 and three aid distributing pipes 15 one time; One time aid distributing pipe 13 connects tremie pipe, and secondary aid distributing pipe 14 connects 2, three aid distributing pipes of dispenser 15 and connects wind cooling sandwith layer 9, and wind cooling sandwith layer 9 middle parts are provided with the aid distributing pipe that connects combustion chamber.In described combustion chamber, be provided with fire bars 7, outer wall of combustion chamber is provided with combustion chamber ashpit 6, and combustion chamber ashpit 6 is provided with visor 5 above, the convenient combustion chamber internal combustion situation of observing.Described automatic distribution box is provided with the control button of feeding frequency conversion, air-supply frequency conversion and temperature controller.Described combustion furnace is provided with safety valve 16.Biologic grain enters combustion chamber by hopper 1, dispenser 2 and tremie pipe, in the time of charging, by aid distributing pipe, send into the needed oxygen of burning, biologic grain is fully burning on the fire bars 7 of combustion chamber, the metals such as aluminium, zinc, copper, magnesium are in the interior preheating of preheating hopper 12, after preheating completely, drop in graphite crucible 10, in graphite crucible, be fused into liquid state.The utility model arranges preheating hopper, utilizes waste heat by low-melting-point metal preheatings such as aluminium, zinc, copper, magnesium, has saved smelting time, has saved the energy, and the heating power that heating power secondary utilizes pipe to be provided with in graphite crucible is simultaneously in charge of, the CO that burning is produced 2deliver in graphite crucible, the liquid metal surface in graphite crucible produces layer protecting film, guarantees that metal can be not oxidized.
Finally it should be noted that: obviously, above-described embodiment is only for the utility model example is clearly described, and the not restriction to embodiment.For those of ordinary skill in the field, can also make other changes in different forms on the basis of the above description, the apparent variation of being extended out thus or change are still among protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. a biologic grain melts aluminium, zinc, copper, magnesium stove, by combustion furnace, batching air distribution device and automatic distribution box, formed, feature is to be provided with combustion chamber in described combustion furnace, in combustion chamber, be provided with graphite crucible, below described graphite crucible, be provided with support column, the upper edge of graphite crucible is provided with protection crucible circle, above graphite crucible, be provided with preheating hopper and thermocouple, combustion chamber side top is provided with a heating power secondary utilization pipe, and the heating power that heating power secondary utilizes pipe to be provided with to lead to the heating power of preheating hopper to be in charge of and to lead in graphite crucible is in charge of; Described outer wall of combustion chamber is provided with wind cooling sandwith layer; Combustion furnace side arranges a batching air distribution device, above described batching air distribution device, is provided with hopper, and hopper has dispenser, and dispenser is provided with tilting unidirectional tremie pipe, and tremie pipe connects combustion furnace inner combustion chamber.
2. biologic grain according to claim 1 melts aluminium, zinc, copper, magnesium stove, it is characterized in that being provided with air blast in described batching air distribution device, the air outlet of air blast connects air distributor box, and air distributor box is connected to aid distributing pipe, secondary aid distributing pipe and three aid distributing pipes one time; One time aid distributing pipe connects tremie pipe, and secondary aid distributing pipe connects dispenser, and three times aid distributing pipe connects wind cooling sandwith layer, and wind cooling sandwith layer middle part is provided with the aid distributing pipe that connects combustion chamber.
3. the molten aluminium of biologic grain according to claim 1, zinc, copper, magnesium stove, is characterized in that being provided with fire bars in described combustion chamber, and outer wall of combustion chamber is provided with combustion chamber ashpit, above the ashpit of combustion chamber, is provided with visor.
4. the molten aluminium of biologic grain according to claim 1, zinc, copper, magnesium stove, is characterized in that described automatic distribution box is provided with the control button of feeding frequency conversion, air-supply frequency conversion and temperature controller.
5. the molten aluminium of biologic grain according to claim 1, zinc, copper, magnesium stove, is characterized in that described combustion furnace is provided with safety valve.
CN201320441916.1U 2013-07-24 2013-07-24 Aluminum, zinc, copper and magnesium smelting furnace using bio-particles Expired - Fee Related CN203443337U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320441916.1U CN203443337U (en) 2013-07-24 2013-07-24 Aluminum, zinc, copper and magnesium smelting furnace using bio-particles

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320441916.1U CN203443337U (en) 2013-07-24 2013-07-24 Aluminum, zinc, copper and magnesium smelting furnace using bio-particles

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CN203443337U true CN203443337U (en) 2014-02-19

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103994658A (en) * 2014-05-15 2014-08-20 宁海易龙新能源有限公司 Biomass fuel aluminum melting furnace
CN107192262A (en) * 2016-03-15 2017-09-22 雷贝卡(天津)金属制品有限公司 aluminium melting furnace

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103994658A (en) * 2014-05-15 2014-08-20 宁海易龙新能源有限公司 Biomass fuel aluminum melting furnace
CN103994658B (en) * 2014-05-15 2016-03-16 宁海易龙新能源有限公司 Biomass fuel melts aluminium stove
CN107192262A (en) * 2016-03-15 2017-09-22 雷贝卡(天津)金属制品有限公司 aluminium melting furnace

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140219

Termination date: 20140724

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model