CN203435361U - Traction type potato multifunctional combine harvester - Google Patents

Traction type potato multifunctional combine harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203435361U
CN203435361U CN201320410011.8U CN201320410011U CN203435361U CN 203435361 U CN203435361 U CN 203435361U CN 201320410011 U CN201320410011 U CN 201320410011U CN 203435361 U CN203435361 U CN 203435361U
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frame
fixed
results
conveyer belt
potato
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李维家
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李维家
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Abstract

A traction type potato multifunctional combine harvester is characterized in that the traction type potato multifunctional combine harvester is composed of a harvester frame [1], a digging shovel [4], a lifting conveyor belt [7], a separated machine frame [59], a telescopic connector [36], a vertical elevator [37], a three-way inserting board slide bucket [38], a sub machine case [46], an externally-hung foldable conveyor belt [39], a potato collecting box [31], a diesel engine [23], a gear pump [24], a distributor [18], a hydraulic motor [33] and the like. According to the traction type potato multifunctional combine harvester, potatoes are harvested and the vast majority of rocks and impurities on the surface of a cultivated land can be removed at the same time; labor is saved, mechanical operation is achieved, and the work efficiency is high; functions are complete. The functions of digging, impurity separation, impurity collection, potato classification, bagging, lateral output truck loading joint operation, stacking and the like can be achieved at a time and the combine harvester has dual purposes. When the traction type potato multifunctional combine harvester is not used for harvesting the potatoes, the traction type potato multifunctional combine harvester can conduct soil purification operation before spring sowing and after an autumn harvest; power output is independent; the potatoes are not in contact with a chain after entering the harvester, so that the defect that soil is leaked through the method that the chain is lengthened and the defect that an eccentric wheel forces the chain to shake and thus the peel of the potatoes is hurt are overcome.

Description

Towed potato multifunctional combined harvester
Technical field
The invention belongs to a kind of agricultural machinery, a kind of potato planting district results plant equipment that is applicable to, also can make separately the impurity such as stone in soil and clean operation.
Technical background
The potato harvest operation of China is still main in manually picking up at present, with machinery or hand digging, potato is translated into ground rudimentary mechanization state, need numerous manually to pick up, artificial separation, artificial pack, people's fixture vehicle, manually pick up the operations such as heap, peasant's labour intensity is very large.Along with rural laborer is declined to a great extent, use the great demand in the time of manually potato harvest can not having been met in recent years.Rise year by year in the face of cost of labor, cause potato planting family income obviously to decline, active demand is a kind of can meet national different regions the Multifunctional harvester tool of the different medium-to-larges that require to potato harvest.The most function singlenesses of potato harvester that Present Domestic is produced, miniaturization is in the majority, can only accomplish that a potato translates into this function ground from underground, can not play the problem that reduces cost of labor, reduces labour intensity, there is also imitated external large-scale potato harvest machine principle of indivedual producers, develop some medium-sized products, but these machines are being faced hillside, soil property viscosity major region, especially many areas of stone in soil, these difficult points of mechanical technique do not solve, and have directly caused these machineries to rest on experimental stage always and cannot promote.And external potato harvest machine exists that bulky, cost are high, technical sophistication, traction load are excessive, landform, soil property impurity content are had high requirements, do not meet the need of production of China's potato harvest at present yet.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is: a kind of potato multifunctional reaping machine with medium-to-large tractor-drawn is provided.This machine is driven tractor-drawn reaping machine by a people and is advanced, another person drives reaping machine and carries out harvest operation, or carry out soil decontamination operation (removing 20 centimetres of following 2 centimetres of above stones, hard clod, axis root etc.), the technical bottleneck of the impurity such as stone in puzzlement mechanized harvesting of potatoes process being removed to sorting solves, and allows potato harvest carry out mechanization and becomes a reality.The machine is to drive hydraulic power system to drive digging mechanism that potato and ridge soil impurity are once excavated by a diesel engine being arranged on reaping machine, promotes and sends in sorting mechanism.In sorting mechanism, complete soil, de-stone piece, remove seedling, the assorting room of impurity elimination grass.During sorting, soil falls earthward, and potato is upwards promoted to after certain altitude minute choosing to export by right side in entering elevator, according to different regions user's actual requirement, selecting is classification pack function, or side output entrucking function, or in inner room, arable land every putting heap, the function of then manually burying.While making to gather in the crops potato, removed from and dug potato, pick up classification, pack, entrucking, put heap work, reached and save a large amount of labours, reduced labour intensity, provided cost savings spending, for condition has been created in increasing peasant income.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention can realize by following scheme:
A kind of towed potato multifunctional combined harvester, mainly by results frame 1, profiling gauge wheel 3, digger blade 4, promote conveyer belt 7, horizontal rocking carrier 9, separation hood 10, rubber is dialled rod 11, longitudinal elevation angle adjusting bracket 13, impurity conveyer belt 15, steering box 17, the dual-purpose machine 22 of 380V electricity generation and electric welding, diesel engine 23, gear pump 24, 12V generator 29, potato collecting box 31, slideway 32, hydraulic motor 33, impurity collecting box 34, vertical elevator 37, three-dimensional plate slideway bucket 38, plug-in folding conveyer belt 39, classification hydraulic motor 40, excavate hydraulic motor 41, classification chain 42, dial rod 43, folding operation platform 44, elevator hydraulic motor 49, funnel 54, keeping off native backplate 61 forms, it is characterized in that gathering in the crops frame 1 framework that is rectangle, in rectangle results frame 1, along axis top, there is a upper beam 51, results frame 1 front portion is welded with axis of traction 85, promote conveyer belt 7 and be arranged on results frame 1 left front, promote conveyer belt 7 front portions and be welded with rectangle shovel board 4, rectangle shovel board 4 front portions are provided with profiling gauge wheel 3, by depth stop wheel carrier 86, be arranged on to promote and carry on tape holder 87, and with depth stop pull bar 6 cross-under of two of left and right at depth stop wheel carrier 86 middle parts, promote conveyer belt 7 right sides, rear portion excavation hydraulic motor 41 is housed, oil cylinder crossbeam 5 is fixedly mounted in results frame 1, hoist cylinder 8 is fixed on oil cylinder crossbeam 5, at lifting conveyer belt 7 rears, the horizontal rocking carrier 9 of " mountain " font is installed down, horizontal rocking carrier 9 front ends are fixing with the separated crossbeam 88 in results frame 1 by waving bearing 58, horizontal rocking carrier 9 postmedians and upper beam 51 articulate, horizontal swinging shaft 9 front lower places articulate the square separated frame 59 of fixed length, separated frame 59 rear ends are by longitudinal elevation angle adjusting bracket 13 and horizontal rocking carrier 9 cross-under, and fixing with flange 57, two declutch shafts 71 are laterally installed before and after separated frame, declutch shaft 71 is fixed on separated frame 59 rear and front ends by 4 bearing blocks 62, sorting hydraulic motor 67 is equipped with on declutch shaft right side, rear, in declutch shaft 71 both sides, two disengage gears 63 are respectively installed, in disengage gears 63, forward hang with two chains 64, article two, 40 support screws 12 are installed between chain 64, support screw 12 above with nut fixedly rubber dial rod 11, it is that direction of advance is 85 ° with the vertical angle of chain 64 that rubber is dialled rod 11, it is that oblique installation is fixed to the right that rubber on 40 support screws 12 is dialled rod 11 installation sites, 9 single rubber are wherein installed continuously and are dialled the support screw 12 of rod 11, install again one and be fixed with at interval of 40 millimeters the support screw 12 that rubber is dialled rod 11, and while installing, adjacent two single rubber are dialled rod 11 oblique installation to the right and are fixed, a chain leveling gear 70 is respectively installed in separated frame 59 both sides, middle part, separation hood fixed mount 72 is laterally equipped with in separated frame 59 the place aheads, separation hood fixed mount 72 back upper places are installed a cross spacing baffle plate 60 and are fixed by bolts in the separated frame 59 in both sides.Above separated frame 59 both sides chains 64, there is long (left side) short (right side) two to protect native baffle plate 61 and be fixed by bolts to frame 59 both sides, separated frame 59 both sides, rear are respectively welded with and regulate screw mandrel 14, separation hood 10 is fixed in separated frame 59 with adjusting screw mandrel 14 by separation hood fixed mount 72, stage clip and locking nut are equipped with in separation hood 10 the place aheads, rear is done in the arc-shaped, separation hood 10 the place ahead straight line portioies are sleeved on and protect in potato skin pipe 66, protect in potato skin pipe 66 anterior pipes bearing is installed, protect potato skin pipe 66 latter half of overcoats and have antiskid glue sleeve 84, in separated frame 59 back lower places, impurity conveyer belt 15 is housed, impurity conveyer belt 15 is fixed in results frame 1 and fixes with bolt, hydraulic motor 33 is equipped with on impurity conveyer belt 15 right sides, hydraulic motor 33 bottoms have impurity collecting box 34 to be fixed in results frame 1, there is valve collecting box 34 belows, collecting box 34 valve the place aheads are provided with and open and close oil cylinder 35, impurity conveyer belt 15 rears are equipped with a steering box 17, steering box 17 passes through pitman arm, steering linkage 75, steering ball end 76 is connected with two knuckle vertical shafts 77, knuckle vertical shaft 77 is fixed on axletree 74, a load-bearing tire 45 is respectively installed at axletree 74 two ends, on axletree 74, be installed with two semicircular arc-shaped dampers 50, on semicircular arc-shaped damper 50, be fixed with results frame 1, below steering box 17 right sides, be equipped with locating detent 16, clutch pedal 19 and acceleration pedal 20 are installed in the results frame 1 below steering box 17 side by side, distributor 18 is equipped with in acceleration pedal 20 tops, there is seat 21 at steering box 17 rears, in the results frame 1 at seat 21 rears, with bolt, be fixed with diesel engine 23, there is clutch shaft at diesel engine 23 rears, clutch shaft is fixed in results frame 1 with two bearing blocks, gear pump 24 is equipped with in clutch shaft left side, clutch 26 is equipped with on clutch shaft right side, clutch shaft middle part is equipped with pulley concial disk and is connected with 12V generator 29 use V-belts, clutch 26 is connected with V-belt with diesel engine 23 belt pulleys, 380V electric welding electricity generation two-purpose machine 22 is equipped with in diesel engine 23 the place aheads, with V-belt, be connected with diesel engine 23, in diesel engine 23 rear results frames 1, be fixed with storage battery 27 and hydraulic oil container 28, classification frame 2 is equipped with in results frame 1 right forward side, each grading shaft before and after classification frame 2 tops are equipped with, grading shaft is fixed on classification frame 2, grading shaft is equipped with a driven wheel 52, a driven gear 53 is housed on the grading shaft of the place ahead, with chain 42, connect, on chain 42, be fixed with classification and dial rod 43, classification hydraulic motor 40 is equipped with in declutch shaft inner side, rear, there are 6 classifier style homogeneous tubes 83 chain 42 both sides, below, classifier style homogeneous tube 83 use adjustment jackscrews are fixed on classification frame 2, 3 funnels 54 are equipped with in classifier style homogeneous tube 83 belows, 3 funnel plates 55 are equipped with in funnel 54 bottoms, hanging bag hook 56 is welded on four jiaos of funnel 54 belows, in results frame 1 below classification frame 2, folding operation platform 44 is housed, at classification frame 2 rears, be fixed with vertical elevator 37, vertical elevator 37 left sides, below are equipped with flexible interface 36 and are articulated mutually with separation hood 10, vertical elevator 37 top rear sides are equipped with elevator hydraulic motor 49, vertical elevator 37 right side, top hoisting frames are fixed with three-dimensional slideway bucket 38, on side output slideway mouth 80 right sides, by plug-in conveyor belt support, be fixed in results frame 1, plug-in conveyor belt support top is mounted with plug-in folding conveyer belt 39, plug-in folding conveyer belt 39 top rear sides are equipped with side output hydraulic pressure motor 68, plug-in conveyer belt hoist cylinder 69 is equipped with in plug-in folding conveyer belt 39 angles, middle part, above three-dimensional plate slideway bucket 38, the oblique slideway 32 that is rearward equipped with of rear side is fixed with the potato collecting box 31 use bolts of results frame 1 left back, potato collecting box 31 rear portions are equipped with and are opened and closed oil cylinder 30, potato collecting box 31 outsides, the place ahead respectively have a headlight 47 to be fixed in results frame 1 with co-located results frame 1 left side, one group of taillight 48 is each side installed at results frame 1 rear portion.
The present invention compared with prior art has following beneficial effect:
1, results potato, top layer, arable land overwhelming majority stone impurity can be cleaned out simultaneously.The maximum technical barrier that present potato harvester both domestic and external faces be exactly in soil stone impurity many, machinery cannot be processed, directly caused potato harvest machine to replace manually by large area popularization of homework, and traction potato multifunctional combined harvester has striden forward major step in this world-technology difficult problem, gathering in the crops potato simultaneously also sortings together such as the stone in topsoil, stem seedling, weeds.
2, to hillside fields strong adaptability.Big-and-middle-sized potato harvester both domestic and external all exists technical barrier to hillside fields results at present, most in hillside fields operational difficulties, the side output entrucking integration of operation of some designs cannot be carried out in hillside fields, defective steering stabilizer is not had to effective control method, the design of the machine sorting mechanism is at left and right, hillside fields automatic balancing structure, trailing wheel is with turning function, the impact of breakking away dropped to minimum, improved greatly hillside fields working environment.
3, strong to soil property, water adaptability.Existing harvest equipment is generally all selected the less plot of moisture in sandy soil ground, soil and is gathered in the crops, soil property and soil moisture have requirement, the machine is to black earth, loess, humus soil, all no requirement (NR)s of sand soil, and humidity aspect is as long as unit energy normally advances, and sorting mechanism just can be worked.
4, less manpower, do mechanization operation, operating efficiency is high.The machine at most only needs 4 people just can complete the work that is sorted into pack from excavating, two people of minimum need, and domestic large-scale reaping machine does not also accomplish once to complete excavation sorting and impurity elimination matter now, side direction output entrucking, put the function that heap, classification pack, and also use seldom of the equipment that state's external enwergy is accomplished this point, manually also the reaching more than 5-10 of use.
5, function is complete.The machine can once complete excavation, sorting impurity (this mechanism adopts electronic automatic balance bucking-out system), impurity collection, potato classification, pack, side output entrucking integration of operation, put the functions such as heap, be that in the outer similar machines of Present Domestic, function is the most complete, can meet user's different harvesting approaches.
6, dual-use.The machine, when not gathering in the crops potato, can be done separately soil decontamination operation before spring sowing after autumn harvest, the assorted stone of soil mesexine, weeds, rhizome etc. once can be removed, and improves soil condition, for mechanized farming is cleared away the obstacles.
7, turn to flexible, lightly, BOGEY WHEEL band power-assisted drives function.Load-bearing tire is born the most of weight of full machine and is also born turning function, when the operation of hillside fields, can prevent from breakking away, in field, can assist tractor fast steering to enter ridge, improve bend handling capacity, steering box is provided with hydraulic power-assisted steering, can make operation lighter, the dynamic driving function of BOGEY WHEEL (hydraulic power-assisted steering mode is identical with loading machine steering driving function), effectively improved when unit travels on the current ability , highway of various landform, road conditions and can close this function.(this function is only used at large-scale reaping machine)
8, independent power output.The machine self-contained engine provides hydraulic power to full machine each several part drive system, the requirement of friction speed, strength when meeting reaping machine duty, it is pioneering that this design still belongs at home, avoided other reaping machine to provide power with tractor and produced being short of power, rotation speed change is not suitable with the various disadvantages of reaping machine job requirement.
9, volume is little, and radius of turn is little.Compare domestic and international large-scale potato harvester and carry out comparison, the machine on volume than external reaping machine left and right half as large, the radius of turn of having dwindled field, simultaneously weight has also alleviated, and can increase work efficiency.
10, cost is low.Import equipment cost is high,, all more than 1,000,000, be generally that domestic user holds the price of daring not accept, and the cost of the machine is external 1/2nd or 1/3rd even lower, be the price that potato planting rich and influential family can accept, can accelerate potato harvest machine process.
11, operate light, simple.Because full machine is hydraulic drive, so only need control dispenser, wherein all adjusted is good for all hydraulic motor revolutions, and generally without manual control, during driving, as long as have an optimistic view of direction and control several keying oil cylinders, steering box is fluid-link steering.
12, potato does not contact with chain after entering reaping machine, has cancelled by increasing chain length and has leaked defect native and the damage potato skin that eccentric wheel pressure shake chain produces, and full machine contacts potato position and all adopts soft rubber to protect.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1, be the whole side of towed potato multifunctional combined harvester structural representation,
Fig. 2, be towed potato multifunctional combined harvester integral planar structural representation.
Above in each figure: 1. gather in the crops frame, 2. split pole frame, 3. profiling gauge wheel, 4. digger blade, 5. oil cylinder crossbeam, 6. depth stop pull bar, 7. promote conveyer belt, 8. hoist cylinder, 9. horizontal rocking carrier, 10. separation hood, 11. rubber are dialled rod, 12. support screws, 13. longitudinal elevation angle adjusting brackets, 14. regulate screw mandrel, 15. impurity conveyer belts, 16. locating detents, 17. steering boxs, 18. distributors, 19. clutch pedals, 20. acceleration pedals, 21. seats, 22.380V the dual-purpose machine of electricity generation and electric welding, 23. diesel engines, 24. gear pumps, 25. contactors, 26. clutches, 27. storage batterys, 28. hydraulic oil containers, 29.12V generator, 30. collecting box opens and closes oil cylinder, 31. potato collecting boxs, 32. slideways, 33. hydraulic motors, 34. impurity collecting boxs, 35. open and close oil cylinder, 36. flexible interfaces, 37. vertical elevators, 38. three-dimensional plate slideway buckets, 39. plug-in folding conveyer belt, 40. classification hydraulic motors, 41. excavate hydraulic motor, 42. classification chains, 43. groups of rods, 44. folding operation platforms, 45. load-bearing tires, 46. classification casees, 47. headlights, 48. taillights, 49. elevator hydraulic motors, 50. dampers, beam on 51., 52. driven wheels, 53. driven gears, 54. funnels, 55. funnel plates, 56. hanging bag hooks, 57. flanges, 58. wave bearing, 59. separated frames, 60. postive stop baffles, 61. keep off native backplate, 62. bearing blocks, 63. disengage gears, 64. chains, 65. inclination angle, left and right adjustment hole, 66. protect potato skin pipe, 67. sorting hydraulic motors, 68. side output hydraulic pressure motor, 69. plug-in conveyer belt hoist cylinder, 70. leveling gears, 71. declutch shafts, 72. separation hood fixed mounts, 73. regulate screw hole 74. axletrees, 75. steering linkages, 76. steering ball ends, 77. knuckle vertical shafts, 78. three-dimensional slideway bucket backing plates, 79. classification slideway mouth, 80. side output slideway mouths, 81. put heap slideway mouth, 82. slideway plates, 83. classifier style homogeneous tube, 84. antiskid glue sleeves, 85. axis of traction, 86. depth stop wheel carriers, 87. promote conveying tape holder, 88. separated crossbeams.
Embodiment
As shown in the figure, a kind of towed potato multifunctional combined harvester, it is characterized in that gathering in the crops frame 1 framework that is rectangle, in rectangle results frame 1, along axis top, there is a upper beam 51, results frame 1 front portion is welded with axis of traction 85, promote conveyer belt 7 and be arranged on results frame 1 left front, promote conveyer belt 7 front portions and be welded with rectangle shovel board 4, rectangle shovel board 4 front portions are provided with profiling gauge wheel 3, by depth stop wheel carrier 86, be arranged on to promote and carry on tape holder 87, and with depth stop pull bar 6 cross-under of two of left and right at depth stop wheel carrier 86 middle parts, promote conveyer belt 7 right sides, rear portion excavation hydraulic motor 41 is housed, oil cylinder crossbeam 5 is fixedly mounted in results frame 1, hoist cylinder 8 is fixed on oil cylinder crossbeam 5, at lifting conveyer belt 7 rears, the horizontal rocking carrier 9 of " mountain " font is installed down, horizontal rocking carrier 9 front ends are fixing with the separated crossbeam 88 in results frame 1 by waving bearing 58, horizontal rocking carrier 9 postmedians and upper beam 51 articulate, horizontal swinging shaft 9 front lower places articulate the square separated frame 59 of fixed length, separated frame 59 rear ends are by longitudinal elevation angle adjusting bracket 13 and horizontal rocking carrier 9 cross-under, and fixing with flange 57, two declutch shafts 71 are laterally installed before and after separated frame, declutch shaft 71 is fixed on separated frame 59 rear and front ends by 4 bearing blocks 62, sorting hydraulic motor 67 is equipped with on declutch shaft right side, rear, in declutch shaft 71 both sides, two disengage gears 63 are respectively installed, in disengage gears 63, forward hang with two chains 64, article two, 40 support screws 12 are installed between chain 64, support screw 12 above with nut fixedly rubber dial rod 11, dialling rod 11 is that direction of advance is 85 ° with the vertical angle of chain 64, group rod 11 installation sites on 40 support screws 12 are that oblique installation is fixed to the right, the support screw 12 of 9 single group of rods 11 is wherein installed continuously, install again one and be fixed with at interval of 40 millimeters the support screw 12 that rubber is dialled rod 11, and while installing, adjacent two single group of rod 11 oblique installations are to the right fixed, a chain leveling gear 70 is respectively installed in separated frame 59 both sides, middle part, 1 separation hood fixed mount 72 is laterally equipped with in separated frame 59 the place aheads, separation hood fixed mount 72 back upper places are installed a cross spacing baffle plate 60 and are fixed by bolts in the separated frame 59 in both sides.Above separated frame 59 both sides chains 64, have long (left side) short (right side) two to protect native baffle plate 61 and be fixed by bolts to frame 59 both sides, separated frame 59 both sides, rear are respectively welded with 1 adjusting screw mandrel 14.Separation hood 10 is fixed in separated frame 59 with adjusting screw mandrel 14 by separation hood fixed mount 72.Stage clip and locking nut are equipped with in separation hood 10 the place aheads, and rear is done in the arc-shaped.Separation hood the place ahead straight line portion is sleeved on and protects in potato skin pipe 66, protects in potato skin pipe 66 anterior pipes bearing is installed, and protecting potato skin pipe 66 latter half of overcoats has antiskid glue sleeve 84.In separated frame 59 back lower places, impurity conveyer belt 15 is housed, impurity conveyer belt 15 is fixed in results frame 1 and fixes with bolt, hydraulic motor 33 is equipped with on impurity conveyer belt 15 right sides, impurity collecting box 34 is arranged at hydraulic motor 33 bottoms, be fixed in results frame 1, there is valve collecting box 34 belows, collecting box 34 valve the place aheads are provided with and open and close oil cylinder 35, impurity conveyer belt 15 rears are equipped with a steering box 17, steering box 17 passes through pitman arm, steering linkage 75, steering ball end 76 is connected with two knuckle vertical shafts 77, joint vertical shaft 77 is fixed on axletree 74, a load-bearing tire 45 is respectively installed at two ends, axletree 74 is arranged on two semicircular arc-shaped dampers 50, semicircular arc-shaped damper 50 is fixed in results frame 1, below steering box 17 right sides, be equipped with locating detent 16, in results frame 1 below steering box 17, be equipped with side by side clutch pedal 19 and acceleration pedal 20, distributor 18 is equipped with in acceleration pedal 20 tops, there is seat 21 at steering box 17 rears, in the results frame 1 at seat 21 rears, with bolt, be fixed with diesel engine 23, there is clutch at diesel engine 23 rears, clutch shaft is fixed in results frame 1 with two bearing blocks, gear pump 24 is equipped with in clutch shaft left side, clutch shaft right side dress clutch 26, clutch shaft middle part is equipped with pulley concial disk and is connected with 12V generator 29 use V-belts, clutch 26 is connected with V-belt with diesel engine 23 belt pulleys, 380V electric welding electricity generation two-purpose machine 22 is equipped with in diesel engine 23 the place aheads, with V-belt, be connected with diesel engine 23, the dual-purpose machine 22 of 380V electricity generation and electric welding provides electric power for headlight 47, to guarantee normal operation at night, the function of electric welding is simultaneously that the maintenance of unit field is provided convenience.In diesel engine 23 rear results frames 1, be fixed with storage battery 27 and hydraulic oil container 28, classification frame 2 is equipped with in results frame 1 right forward side, each grading shaft before and after classification frame 2 tops are equipped with, grading shaft is fixed on classification frame 2, grading shaft is equipped with a driven wheel 52, a driven gear 53 is housed on the grading shaft of the place ahead, with a chain 42, connect, on chain 42, be fixed with classification and dial rod 43, classification hydraulic motor 40 is equipped with in declutch shaft inner side, rear, there are 6 classifier style homogeneous tubes 83 chain 42 both sides, below, classifier style homogeneous tube 83 use adjustment jackscrews are fixed on classification frame 2, 3 funnels 54 are equipped with in classifier style homogeneous tube 83 belows, 3 funnel plates 55 are equipped with in funnel 54 bottoms, hanging bag hook 56 is welded on four jiaos of funnel 54 belows, in results frame 1 below classification frame 2, folding operation platform 44 is housed, at classification frame 2 rears, be fixed with vertical elevator 37, vertical elevator 37 left sides, below are equipped with flexible interface 36 and are articulated mutually with separation hood 10, vertical elevator 37 top rear sides are equipped with elevator hydraulic motor 49, vertical elevator 37 right side, top hoisting frames are fixed with 1 three-dimensional slideway bucket 38, on side output slideway mouth 80 right sides, by plug-in conveyor belt support, be fixed in results frame 1, plug-in conveyor belt support top is mounted with plug-in folding conveyer belt 39, plug-in folding conveyer belt 39 top rear sides are equipped with side output hydraulic pressure motor 68, plug-in conveyer belt hoist cylinder 69 is equipped with in plug-in folding conveyer belt 39 angles, middle part, above three-dimensional plate slideway bucket 38, the oblique slideway 32 that is rearward equipped with of rear side is fixed with the potato collecting box 31 use bolts of results frame 1 left back, collecting box 31 rear portions are equipped with and are opened and closed oil cylinder 30, collecting box 31 outsides, the place ahead respectively have a headlight 47 to be fixed in frame with co-located results frame 1 left side, one group of taillight 48 is each side installed at results frame 1 rear portion.
As shown in the figure, towed potato multifunctional combined harvester draws with medium-sized or above four-wheel tractor, and tractor is connected with axis of traction 85 with reaping machine, and tractor dynamic power is responsible for drawing reaping machine motion, soil-entering resistance consumption when responsible digger blade 4 advances simultaneously.In addition, all power demands of reaping machine are provided by reaping machine self engine, irrelevant with tow tractor.During reaping machine operation, generally need two people to five people can complete normal operation requirement, general personnel assignment is tow tractor driver 1 people, and reaping machine driver 1 people needs 1 workman's hanging bag while having pack operation, and 1 workman is responsible for sewing bag mouth.While having side output entrucking integration of operation, need another driver to drive in unit right side advanced in unison, to receive potato.
The machine is independently installed diesel engine 23 and is provided power to the full machine of reaping machine, by diesel engine 23 by the oil pipe on the gear pump 24 on V-belt band dynamic clutch 26, to distributor 18, provide hydraulic power, by distributor 18 and oil pipe, to digging mechanism, sorting impurity mechanism, hoisting mechanism, classification mechanism, steering mechanism, conveying mechanism, side output mechanism and each hoist cylinder, provide hydraulic power.Described reaping machine drives digger blade 4 to excavate ridge soil by tow tractor traction frame, by hydraulic motor 41, drive " ⊥ " shape conveyer belt 7 rearward ridge soil to be transported in sorting mechanism, sorting mechanism drives declutch shaft 71 by hydraulic motor 67, declutch shaft 71 drives the chain 64 in disengage gears 63 to move to back upper place, on support screw 12 on chain 64, fixing rubber is dialled rod 11 along the space handle soil that protects potato skin pipe 66 on separation hood 10, potato, impurity etc. promote to back upper place to promote, when promoting, with dialling rod 11, be arranged in parallel and with 45 ° of single arranged askew to the right, ridge soil pushed open in batches, make soil fall ground in separation hood front portion.At potato and stone, weeds, stem seedling runs to while protecting potato skin pipe 66 middle and upper part under the promotion of dialling rod 11, by regulating in separating mechanism longitudinal elevation angle adjusting bracket 13 and nut on the adjusting screw mandrel 14 of separation hood in separated frame 59, also has inclination angle, the left and right adjustment hole 65 on horizontal rocking carrier 9, make separation hood keep 0 ° of head fall the place ahead low spot---40 ° of left and right of high point, rear, cross fall left side high point 25 ° of left and right---the gradient that right side is 0 °, make potato on separation hood 10, form the power that flexible interface 36 rolls naturally to the right, at group rod 11, being 45° angle arranges under the auxiliary pushing of separation hood back upper place, potato is entered in flexible interface 36, continuing, you slide in the charging aperture of elevator 37 bottoms, then being raised machine 37 drives lifting potato to pour on the three-dimensional plate slideway bucket 38 on top by hydraulic motor 49.When potato rolls to the right on separation hood 10, stone, weeds, the impurity such as stem seedling are when potato has just reached the gradient of naturally rolling to the right, difference due to shape, be not easy to produce the power of rolling or sliding to the right, produced thus poor time difference of sliding or rolling with potato and impurity of the direction of motion of potato and impurity under given conditions, by regulating separation hood 10 and group rod 11, at separation hood rear, dial the protruding gap of rod 11, the peak of being crossed separation hood 10 by impurity such as dialling rod 11 drive stones drops on the impurity conveyer belt being driven by hydraulic motor 33, send into the right in impurity collecting box 34 and deposit, after filling, to arable land external application oil cylinder 35, emit and outwell.After potato enters three-dimensional plate slideway bucket and fills 38, there are three kinds of work functions available.
The first is to open classification slideway mouth plate, close and put heap slideway mouth plate and side output slideway mouth and get an inclined-plane discard with backing plate 78, allow potato by backing plate and slideway mouth slope, enter classification case 46 rear sides, by hydraulic motor 40, driving classification chain 42 to drive chain to dial rod 43 promotion potatos forwards moves, by adjusting 6 classifier style homogeneous tube jackscrews, control the potato specification size falling in three classification funnels, to reach classification object, potato falls into after classification case funnel, packaging bag being hung on the hanging bag hook 56 of funnel below to packaging bag fills and with funnel plate 55, closes funnel afterwards.
The second function is side output integration of operation.Open side output slideway mouth plate, close classification slideway mouth plate and put heap slideway mouth plate, by distributor 18, control hoist cylinder 69 and rise plug-in conveyer belt, adjust the height with integration of operation railway carriage, opening hydraulic motor 68 drives plug-in conveyer belt 69 to turn round to the right, allow potato on the plug-in conveyer belt 69 of three-dimensional plate slideway bucket 38 landing, in the railway carriage that is driven into integration of operation by hydraulic motor 68.
The third function is to put heap operation.Due to emergency burial after some area results, so be provided with this function.Open and put heap slideway mouth plate and close the plate of classification slideway mouth 79 and the plate of side output slideway mouth 80 simultaneously, allow potato roll into slideway 32 and drop into potato collecting box 31 from putting heap slideway mouth 81, fill and with distributor 18, control keying oil cylinders 30 and emit after landing and bury afterwards.
Because described results technology is that reaping machine and stone collector are merged, when not gathering in the crops, can carry out topsoil 15 to 20 cm thicks, the purification work of assorted stone impurity.First the inclination angle leveling of separation hood left and right, flexible interface 36 entrances are sealed with plate, and rubber is dialled rod 11 and is all changed all steel parts into, and antiskid glue sleeve 84 is taken off, close hierarchy system, side output system, vertical hoisting system simultaneously, put shut-down system, both can purify soil-working.

Claims (1)

1. a towed potato multifunctional combined harvester, mainly by results frame (1), profiling gauge wheel (3), digger blade (4), promote conveyer belt (7), horizontal rocking carrier (9), separation hood (10), rubber is dialled rod (11), longitudinal elevation angle adjusting bracket (13), impurity conveyer belt (15), steering box (17), the dual-purpose machine of 380V electricity generation and electric welding (22), diesel engine (23), gear pump (24), 12V generator (29), potato collecting box (31), slideway (32), hydraulic motor (33), impurity collecting box (34), vertical elevator (37), three-dimensional plate slideway bucket (38), plug-in folding conveyer belt (39), classification hydraulic motor (40), excavate hydraulic motor (41), classification chain (42), dial rod (43), folding operation platform (44), elevator hydraulic motor (49), funnel (54), keeping off native backplate (61) forms, it is characterized in that gathering in the crops frame (1) framework that is rectangle, rectangle results frames (1) are upper has a upper beam (51) above axis, results frame (1) front portion is welded with axis of traction (85), promote conveyer belt (7) and be arranged on results frame (1) left front, promote conveyer belt (7) front portion and be welded with rectangle shovel board (4), rectangle shovel board (4) front portion is provided with profiling gauge wheel (3), by depth stop wheel carrier (86), be arranged on to promote and carry on tape holder (87), and with two the depth stop pull bars in left and right (6) cross-under at depth stop wheel carrier (86) middle part, promote conveyer belt (7) right side, rear portion excavation hydraulic motor (41) is housed, oil cylinder crossbeam (5) is fixedly mounted in results frames (1), hoist cylinder (8) is fixed on oil cylinder crossbeam (5), at lifting conveyer belt (7) rear, the horizontal rocking carrier of " mountain " font (9) is installed down, horizontal rocking carrier (9) front end is fixing with the separated crossbeam (88) in results frames (1) by waving bearing (58), horizontal rocking carrier (9) postmedian and upper beam (51) articulate, horizontal swinging shaft (9) front lower place articulates the square separated frame of fixed length (59), separated frame (59) rear end is by longitudinal elevation angle adjusting bracket (13) and horizontal rocking carrier (9) cross-under, and fixing with flange (57), two declutch shafts (71) are laterally installed before and after separated frame, declutch shaft (71) is fixed on separated frame (59) rear and front end by 4 bearing blocks (62), sorting hydraulic motor (67) is equipped with on declutch shaft right side, rear, in declutch shaft (71) both sides, two disengage gears (63) are respectively installed, in disengage gears (63), forward hang with two chains (64), article two, 40 support screws (12) are installed between chain (64), support screw (12) above with nut fixedly rubber dial rod (11), it is that direction of advance is 85 ° with the vertical angle of chain (64) that rubber is dialled rod (11), it is that oblique installation is fixed to the right that rubber on 40 support screws (12) is dialled rod (11) installation site, 9 single rubber are wherein installed continuously and are dialled the support screw (12) of rod (11), installing one is fixed with rubber at interval of 40 millimeters and dials the support screw of rod (11) (12) again, and while installing, adjacent two single rubber are dialled rod (11) oblique installation to the right and are fixed, a chain leveling gear (70) is respectively installed in both sides, separated frame (59) middle part, separation hood fixed mount (72) is laterally equipped with in separated frame (59) the place ahead, separation hood fixed mount (72) back upper place is installed a cross spacing baffle plate (60) and is fixed by bolts in the separated frames in both sides (59).In separated frame (59) both sides chains (64) top, there is long (left side) short (right side) two to protect native baffle plate (61) and be fixed by bolts to frame (59) both sides, separated frame (59) both sides, rear are respectively welded with and regulate screw mandrel (14), separation hood (10) is fixed in separated frame (59) with adjusting screw mandrel (14) by separation hood fixed mount (72), stage clip and locking nut are equipped with in separation hood 10 the place aheads, rear is done in the arc-shaped, separation hood (10) the place ahead straight line portion is sleeved on and protects in potato skin pipe (66), protect in the anterior pipe of potato skin pipe (66) bearing is installed, protect the latter half of overcoat of potato skin pipe (66) and have antiskid glue sleeve (84), in separated frame (59) back lower place, impurity conveyer belt (15) is housed, impurity conveyer belt (15) is fixed on results frames (1) and above with bolt, fixes, hydraulic motor (33) is equipped with on impurity conveyer belt (15) right side, hydraulic motor (33) bottom has impurity collecting box (34) to be fixed in results frames (1), there is valve collecting box (34) below, collecting box (34) valve the place ahead is provided with and opens and closes oil cylinder (35), impurity conveyer belt (15) rear is equipped with a steering box (17), steering box (17) passes through pitman arm, steering linkage (75), steering ball end (76) is connected with two knuckle vertical shafts (77), knuckle vertical shaft (77) is fixed on axletree (74), a load-bearing tire (45) is respectively installed at axletree (74) two ends, on axletree (74), be installed with two semicircular arc-shaped dampers (50), on semicircular arc-shaped damper (50), be fixed with results frame (1), in below, steering box (17) right side, be equipped with locating detent (16), in the results frame (1) of steering box (17) below, clutch pedal (19) and acceleration pedal (20) are installed side by side, distributor (18) is equipped with in acceleration pedal (20) top, there is seat (21) at steering box (17) rear, results frame (1) at seat (21) rear is above fixed with diesel engine (23) with bolt, there is clutch shaft at diesel engine (23) rear, clutch shaft is fixed in results frames (1) with two bearing blocks, gear pump (24) is equipped with in clutch shaft left side, clutch (26) is equipped with on clutch shaft right side, clutch shaft middle part is equipped with pulley concial disk and is connected with V-belt with 12V generator (29), clutch (26) is connected with V-belt with diesel engine (23) belt pulley, 380V electric welding electricity generation two-purpose machine (22) is equipped with in diesel engine (23) the place ahead, with V-belt, be connected with diesel engine (23), in diesel engine (23) rear results frames (1), be fixed with storage battery (27) and hydraulic oil container (28), classification frame (2) is equipped with in results frame (1) right forward side, each grading shaft before and after classification frame (2) top is equipped with, grading shaft is fixed on classification frame (2), grading shaft is equipped with a driven wheel (52), a driven gear (53) is housed on the grading shaft of the place ahead, with chain (42), connect, on chain (42), be fixed with classification and dial rod (43), classification hydraulic motor (40) is equipped with in declutch shaft inner side, rear, there are 6 classifier style homogeneous tubes (83) both sides, chain (42) below, classifier style homogeneous tube (83) is fixed on classification frame (2) with adjustment jackscrew, 3 funnels (54) are equipped with in classifier style homogeneous tube (83) below, 3 funnel plates (55) are equipped with in funnel (54) bottom, hanging bag hook (56) is welded on four jiaos of funnel (54) belows, in the results frame (1) of classification frame (2) below, folding operation platform (44) is housed, at classification frame (2) rear, be fixed with vertical elevator (37), left side, vertical elevator (37) below is equipped with flexible interface (36) and is articulated mutually with separation hood (10), vertical elevator (37) top rear side is equipped with elevator hydraulic motor (49), right side, vertical elevator (37) top hoisting frame is fixed with three-dimensional slideway bucket (38), on side output slideway mouth (80) right side, by plug-in conveyor belt support, be fixed in results frames (1), plug-in conveyor belt support top is mounted with plug-in folding conveyer belt (39), plug-in folding conveyer belt (39) top rear side is equipped with side output hydraulic pressure motor (68), plug-in conveyer belt hoist cylinder (69) is equipped with in angle, plug-in folding conveyer belt (39) middle part, at the oblique slideway (32) that is rearward equipped with of three-dimensional plate slideway bucket (38) top rear side, fix with bolt with the potato collecting box (31) of results frame (1) left back, potato collecting box (31) rear portion is equipped with and is opened and closed oil cylinder (30), outside, potato collecting box (31) the place ahead respectively has a headlight (47) to be fixed in results frames (1) with co-located results frames (1) left side, one group of taillight (48) is each side installed at results frame (1) rear portion.
CN201320410011.8U 2013-07-02 2013-07-02 Traction type potato multifunctional combine harvester Expired - Fee Related CN203435361U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103503627A (en) * 2013-08-22 2014-01-15 李维家 Multifunctional trail-type potato combine harvester
CN105723912A (en) * 2016-05-09 2016-07-06 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 Potato harvesting machine with function of separating potato seedling and potato soil by double-layer dislocation winnowing
CN108781703A (en) * 2018-05-21 2018-11-13 侯文会 A kind of potato combining classification sack-filling device
CN109548492A (en) * 2018-12-09 2019-04-02 张小银 A kind of automatic potato harvest sack filling machine

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103503627A (en) * 2013-08-22 2014-01-15 李维家 Multifunctional trail-type potato combine harvester
CN105723912A (en) * 2016-05-09 2016-07-06 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 Potato harvesting machine with function of separating potato seedling and potato soil by double-layer dislocation winnowing
CN108781703A (en) * 2018-05-21 2018-11-13 侯文会 A kind of potato combining classification sack-filling device
CN109548492A (en) * 2018-12-09 2019-04-02 张小银 A kind of automatic potato harvest sack filling machine
CN109548492B (en) * 2018-12-09 2021-12-07 浙江咨成软件科技有限公司 Automatic potato harvesting and bagging machine

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