CN203388038U - Nutrient solution automatic circulating system for stereometric multilayer seedling raising device - Google Patents

Nutrient solution automatic circulating system for stereometric multilayer seedling raising device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203388038U
CN203388038U CN201320336800.1U CN201320336800U CN203388038U CN 203388038 U CN203388038 U CN 203388038U CN 201320336800 U CN201320336800 U CN 201320336800U CN 203388038 U CN203388038 U CN 203388038U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
nutrient solution
layer
nursery pond
seedling raising
pipe
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201320336800.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱三荣
田茂成
李大鹏
张黎明
陈明刚
叶剑
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hunan Xianghui Agriculture Technology Development Co ltd
HUNAN TOBACCO Corp XIANGXI AUTONOMOUS PREFECTURE Co
Original Assignee
Hunan Xianghui Agriculture Technology Development Co ltd
HUNAN TOBACCO Corp XIANGXI AUTONOMOUS PREFECTURE Co
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Application filed by Hunan Xianghui Agriculture Technology Development Co ltd, HUNAN TOBACCO Corp XIANGXI AUTONOMOUS PREFECTURE Co filed Critical Hunan Xianghui Agriculture Technology Development Co ltd
Priority to CN201320336800.1U priority Critical patent/CN203388038U/en
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Publication of CN203388038U publication Critical patent/CN203388038U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The utility model discloses a nutrient solution automatic circulating system for a stereometric multilayer seedling raising device and relates to seedling raising equipment in the technical field of facility agricultural planting. The nutrient solution automatic circulating system comprises more than two layers of seedling raising pool disks and overflow pipes, electric control boxes, water pumps, nutrient solution pools, sewage purifiers and temperature sensors, which are matched with the seedling raising pool disks. The nutrient solution automatic circulating system has the characteristics that not only consistency of concentration of nutrient solution on each layer, but also consistency of temperatures of the nutrient solution on each layer can be ensured; manpower and material resources are saved; the nutrient solution automatic circulating system is convenient to manage; and the like. The nutrient solution automatic circulating system not only can be used for the stereometric multilayer seedling raising device in the full-closed seedling raising environment, but also can be used for the stereometric multilayer seedling raising device in the semi-closed or non-closed seedling raising environment, not only can be used for seedling raising of vegetables, melons and fruits and tobacco, but also can be used for seedling raising of flowers and trees, and can be used for rice seedling raising when grain crops are planted.

Description

The automatic nutrient solution circulating system that a kind of stereo multilayer seedling nursing device is used
Technical field
The utility model relates to the seedling equipment in industrialized agriculture planting technology field, the automatic nutrient solution circulating system that particularly a kind of stereo multilayer seedling nursing device is used.
Background technology
Existing stereo multilayer culture facility, artificial unidirectional the carrying out of the general employing of interpolation of its nutrient solution, be after compounding completes, by water pump, be injected in nursery pond dish, when finishing until grow seedlings or changing for the second time, again prepare new nutrient solution and change, original nutrient solution is directly discharged culture facility.
In seedling raising process, due to the Crop nutrient of the interlayer of growing seedlings,, the evaporation discharge of nutrient solution is inconsistent, carries out, after a period of time, there will be the difference of interlayer nutrient solution concentration of growing seedlings growing seedlings, and then affect growth and the regularity of crop seedling; The nutrient solution that is rich in nutrient is directly discharged simultaneously, not only cause the waste of resource, also can cause environmental pollution.
Summary of the invention
For the existing deficiency of prior art, the purpose of this utility model be to provide a kind of concentration that can guarantee each layer of nutrient solution unanimously, can guarantee again the consistent nutrient solution circulatory system of temperature of each layer of nutrient solution, make crop seedling nutrient solution conditions uniformity, thereby guarantee the even growth of crop seedling, cultivate neat crop seedling; Meanwhile, this system possess use manpower and material resources sparingly, the feature such as convenient management.
To achieve these goals, the utility model designs the automatic nutrient solution circulating system that a kind of stereo multilayer seedling nursing device is used, and comprising: two layers of above nursery pond dish and supporting overflow pipe, electric cabinet, water pump and nutrition liquid pool; The upper end of overflow pipe is installed on the nursery pond dish that lower one deck is led in nursery pond Pan Zhong,Qi lower end;
A, between lowermost layer nursery pond dish and nutrition liquid pool, be also provided with sewage purification device;
B, in top layer nursery pond dish and nutrition liquid pool, be also separately installed with temperature sensor, temperature sensor connects electric cabinet by wire;
C, water pump is installed in nutrition liquid pool drain pipe and leads to top layer nursery pond dish by feed pipe, electric cabinet connects water pump by wire.
The overflow pipe of the overflow pipe of last layer and lower one deck is staggered installation.
Between every two-layer nursery pond dish, the drain pipe with fluid control valve is also installed, the lowermost layer nursery pond dish drain pipe that goes out hydraulic control valve with lowermost layer is also installed between lowermost layer nursery pond dish and sewage purification device.
Bottom at sewage purification device is also provided with sewage purification blowoff valve, in the communicating pipe between sewage purification device and nutrition liquid pool, communicating valve is also installed.
After the output of feed pipe charging pump, be provided with and change liquid valve, and be also provided with and change hydraulic control valve on the feed pipe of Gai Huanyefa rear end.
The automatic nutrient solution circulating system that stereo multilayer seedling nursing device of the present utility model is used, employing is at mounting temperature sensor respectively in top layer nursery pond dish and nutrition liquid pool, utilize the temperature difference between two places, automatically controlled water pump work, and then the water circulation in controlled circulation system voluntarily, thereby, not only use manpower and material resources sparingly, also convenient management; Simultaneously, between each layer of nursery pond dish, be provided with the overflow pipe of overflow pipe and last layer and the overflow pipe of lower one deck is staggered installation, thereby, utilize circulating of water, can promote the mutual mixing of nutrient, temperature between each layer of water body, thereby guarantee the consistent of seedling raising environment, reach the object of cultivating strong sprout, improving crop seedling regularity.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is principle schematic of the present utility model.
In figure: the 1st, supplying valve, the 2nd, feed pipe, the 3rd, top layer nursery pond dish, the 4th, top layer temperature sensor, the 5th, top layer overflow pipe, the 6th, top layer drain pipe, the 7th, top layer goes out hydraulic control valve, the 8th, wire, the 9th, intermediate layer nursery pond dish, 10Shi intermediate layer overflow pipe, 11Shi intermediate layer drain pipe, the 12nd, lowermost layer overflow pipe, the 13rd, lowermost layer drain pipe, the 14th, lowermost layer nursery pond dish, the 15th, lowermost layer goes out hydraulic control valve, the 16th, electric cabinet, the 17th, change liquid valve, the 18th, water pump, the 19th, change hydraulic control valve, 20Shi intermediate layer goes out hydraulic control valve, the 21st, nutrition liquid pool drain pipe, the 22nd, nutrition liquid pool temperature sensor, the 23rd, communicating valve, the 24th, communicating pipe, the 25th, nutrition liquid pool, the 26th, sewage purification device, the 27th, sewage purification blowoff valve.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is further described.Explanation is below to adopt the mode exemplifying, but protection domain of the present utility model should not be limited to this.
The present embodiment be take three layers of seedling culture frame, and as example, (that is: every seedling culture frame is provided with three layers of nursery pond dish, also can be two layers or four layers or five layers or six layers or more multi-layered, generally, in every cover stereo multilayer seedling nursing device, be provided with one or two or three or four or more seedling culture frames, this example be take a seedling culture frame and is described as example), comprise feed pipe 2, top layer nursery pond dish 3, top layer overflow pipe 5, top layer drain pipe 6, top layer goes out hydraulic control valve 7, intermediate layer nursery pond dish 9, intermediate layer overflow pipe 10, intermediate layer drain pipe 11, intermediate layer goes out hydraulic control valve 20, lowermost layer nursery pond dish 14, lowermost layer overflow pipe 12, lowermost layer drain pipe 13, lowermost layer goes out hydraulic control valve 15, the 16th, electric cabinet, change liquid valve 17, water pump 18(can adopt corrosion resistant water pump, also can adopt other water pump), change hydraulic control valve 19, nutrition liquid pool drain pipe 21, top layer temperature sensor 4, nutrition liquid pool temperature sensor 22, the 23rd, communicating valve, communicating pipe 24, nutrition liquid pool 25, sewage purification device 26 and sewage purification blowoff valve 27.
In the casing of seedling nursing device, nutrition liquid pool 25, sewage purification device 26, lowermost layer nursery pond Pan14, intermediate layer nursery pond dish 9, top layer nursery pond dish 3 are installed successively from bottom to top; Nutrition liquid pool drain pipe 21 is communicated with the bottom of nutrition liquid pool 25, thereafter, water pump 18 is installed successively, is changed hydraulic control valve 19 and feed pipe 2, in the top layer nursery pond dish 3 that leads to each seedling culture frame by feed pipe 2, and at the tail end of feed pipe 2, the supply that supplying valve 1(supplying valve 1 is mainly used in the nutrient solution of each seedling culture frame is installed and controls); At water pump 18 and change between hydraulic control valve 19 and draw and change liquid valve 17 by three-way connection; Water pump 18 connects electric cabinet 16 by wire 8.
Top layer overflow pipe 5 is threaded onto in top layer nursery pond dish 3 from bottom to top, and its upper port maintains an equal level with the normal liquid level of the nutrient solution of top layer nursery pond dish 3, and intermediate layer nursery pond dish 9 leads in lower end; The top layer drain pipe 6 that top layer goes out hydraulic control valve 7 is installed, and its upper port is installed on the bottom of top layer nursery pond dish 3, and intermediate layer nursery pond dish 9 leads in lower end; Top layer temperature sensor 4 is arranged in top layer nursery pond dish 3, by wire 8, connects electric cabinets 16.
Intermediate layer overflow pipe 10 is threaded onto in intermediate layer nursery pond dish 9 from bottom to top, and the normal liquid level of the nutrient solution of its upper port and intermediate layer nursery pond dish 9 maintains an equal level, and lowermost layer nursery pond dish 14 is led in lower end; Intermediate layer is installed and hydraulic control valve 20 intermediate layer drain pipe 11, its upper port is installed on the bottom of intermediate layer nursery pond dish 9, and lowermost layer nursery pond dish 14 is led in lower end.
Lowermost layer overflow pipe 12 is threaded onto in lowermost layer nursery pond dish 14 from bottom to top, and the normal liquid level of the nutrient solution of its upper port and lowermost layer nursery pond dish 14 maintains an equal level, and sewage purification device 26 is led in lower end;
The lowermost layer drain pipe 13 that lowermost layer goes out hydraulic control valve 15 is installed, and its upper port is installed on the bottom of lowermost layer nursery pond dish 14, and sewage purification device 26 is led in lower end.
This sewage purification device 26 of sewage purification device 26(can be conventional cleaning equipment, can be also easy purifier, and filtration, sterilizing equipment decontaminating apparatus are generally installed) a side lower part, sewage purification blowoff valve 27 is installed; Nutrition liquid pool 25, by the communicating pipe 24 of communicating valve 23 is installed, is led in sewage purification device 26 bottom.
Nutrition liquid pool temperature sensor 22 is arranged in nutrition liquid pool 25, by wire 8, connects electric cabinet 16.
The installation site of the position that feed pipe 2 enters top layer nursery pond dish 3 and top layer overflow pipe 5 and top layer drain pipe 6 interlocks, installation site and the drain pipe 11 installation site, overflow pipe 10He intermediate layer, intermediate layer of top layer overflow pipe 5 and top layer drain pipe 6 are staggered, and drain pipe 11 installation site, overflow pipe 10He intermediate layer, intermediate layer and lowermost layer overflow pipe 12 and lowermost layer drain pipe 13 installation site interlock.
Use initially, electric cabinet 16 starts water pumps 18, and the nutrient solution in nutrition liquid pool 25 is pumped in top layer nursery pond dish 3 through nutrient solution pond drain pipe 21, water pump 18 and feed pipe 2; When the liquid level in top layer nursery pond dish 3 surpasses normal liquid level, nutrient solution can flow in intermediate layer nursery pond dish 9 by top layer overflow pipe 5; When the liquid level in intermediate layer nursery pond dish 9 surpasses normal liquid level, nutrient solution can flow in lowermost layer nursery pond dish 14 by intermediate layer overflow pipe 10; When the liquid level in lowermost layer nursery pond dish 14 surpasses normal liquid level, nutrient solution can flow to sewage purification device 26 by lowermost layer overflow pipe 12, and the nutrient solution after sewage purification device 26 is processed, by flowing back to communicating pipe 24 in nutrition liquid pool 25, forms circulation.Meanwhile, by electric cabinet 16, the temperature gap needing while setting water pump 18 automatic operation.
In seedling raising process, top layer temperature sensor 4 and nutrition liquid pool temperature sensor 22 can be sent to electric cabinet 16 by wire 8 by the temperature data of its monitoring, compare analysis.When both differences reach the working value of setting, electric cabinet 16 will send instruction, starts water pump 18 work, impels nutrient solution to carry out automatic cycle; When both differences are reduced to the working value of setting, electric cabinet 16 will send instruction, stops water pump 18 work, and nutrient solution stops automatic cycle.
At nutrient solution, carry out in the process of automatic cycle, because the overflow pipe of last layer and the overflow pipe of lower one deck are staggered installation, make nutrient solution enter, from the other end, overflow again from nursery pond Pan one end, slowly flowing and mixing by nutrient solution in nursery pond dish, reaches the nutrient solution cooling in the dish of pond, the object mixing.
Flow back into the nutrient solution in sewage purification device 26, after sewage purification device 26 is processed, by flowing back to communicating pipe 24 in nutrition liquid pool 25, communicating valve 23 can avoid undressed nutrient solution directly to flow back in nutrition liquid pool 25.Sewage purification device 26 is in processing procedure, and the sewage of generation is by sewage purification blowoff valve 27.
While finishing when growing seedlings, open that top layer goes out hydraulic control valve 7, intermediate layer goes out hydraulic control valve 20 and lowermost layer goes out hydraulic control valve 15, nutrient solution in top layer nursery pond dish 3 flows in intermediate layer nursery pond dish 9 through top layer drain pipe 6, Zai Jing intermediate layer drain pipe 11 flows in lowermost layer nursery pond dish 14, then, through lowermost layer drain pipe 13, flow in sewage purification device 26; Flow back in nutrition liquid pool 25 after treatment, then through communicating pipe 24.Now, can close and change hydraulic control valve 19, open and change liquid valve 17, open water pump 18, the nutrient solution in nutrition liquid pool 25 be extracted out and allocated in container discharged to nutrient solution through changing liquid valve 17, carry out redistribution, both can avoid waste, can avoid the pollution to environment again.
The automatic nutrient solution circulating system that stereo multilayer seedling nursing device of the present utility model is used, both can be used for the stereo multilayer seedling nursing device of totally-enclosed seedling raising environment, also can be used for the stereo multilayer seedling nursing device of semi-hermetic or non-airtight seedling raising environment; Both can be used for vegetables, melon and fruit, tobacco seedling, also can be used for flowers, trees are grown seedlings, the seedling while also can be used for plant of grain crops.

Claims (5)

1. the automatic nutrient solution circulating system that stereo multilayer seedling nursing device is used, comprising: two layers of above nursery pond dish and supporting overflow pipe, electric cabinet, water pump and nutrition liquid pool; The upper end of overflow pipe is installed on the nursery pond dish that lower one deck is led in nursery pond Pan Zhong,Qi lower end; It is characterized in that:
A, between lowermost layer nursery pond dish and nutrition liquid pool, be also provided with sewage purification device;
B, in top layer nursery pond dish and nutrition liquid pool, be also separately installed with temperature sensor, temperature sensor connects electric cabinet by wire;
C, water pump is installed in nutrition liquid pool drain pipe and leads to top layer nursery pond dish by feed pipe, electric cabinet connects water pump by wire.
2. the automatic nutrient solution circulating system that stereo multilayer seedling nursing device is used according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the overflow pipe of the overflow pipe of last layer and lower one deck is staggered installation.
3. according to automatic nutrient solution circulating system that described in claim 1 or 2, stereo multilayer seedling nursing device is used, it is characterized in that: between every two-layer nursery pond dish, the drain pipe with fluid control valve is also installed, the lowermost layer nursery pond dish drain pipe that goes out hydraulic control valve with lowermost layer is also installed between lowermost layer nursery pond dish and sewage purification device.
4. the automatic nutrient solution circulating system that stereo multilayer seedling nursing device is used according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: the bottom at sewage purification device is also provided with sewage purification blowoff valve, in the communicating pipe between sewage purification device and nutrition liquid pool, communicating valve is also installed.
5. the automatic nutrient solution circulating system that stereo multilayer seedling nursing device is used according to claim 4, is characterized in that: after the output of feed pipe charging pump, be provided with and change liquid valve, and be also provided with and change hydraulic control valve on the feed pipe of Gai Huanyefa rear end.
CN201320336800.1U 2013-06-09 2013-06-09 Nutrient solution automatic circulating system for stereometric multilayer seedling raising device Expired - Fee Related CN203388038U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103918540A (en) * 2014-04-01 2014-07-16 黑龙江省爱普照明电器有限公司 Intelligent household planting box
CN104255343A (en) * 2014-09-02 2015-01-07 上海交通大学 Sunlight multilayer tide-type factory production system for green-leaf vegetables
CN108575836A (en) * 2018-03-11 2018-09-28 浙江省海洋水产养殖研究所 A kind of marine shellfish germchit device for raising seedlings and its method for culturing seedlings
CN105684868B (en) * 2016-02-05 2019-02-19 广州景润园林绿化有限公司 A kind of hydroponic plant wall method for planting and device
CN110249852A (en) * 2019-06-26 2019-09-20 安徽省宝景生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of multilayer seedling culture frame nutrient solution automatically supplying apparatus

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103918540A (en) * 2014-04-01 2014-07-16 黑龙江省爱普照明电器有限公司 Intelligent household planting box
CN103918540B (en) * 2014-04-01 2015-12-02 黑龙江省爱普照明电器有限公司 Domestic intelligent plant growing box
CN104255343A (en) * 2014-09-02 2015-01-07 上海交通大学 Sunlight multilayer tide-type factory production system for green-leaf vegetables
CN104255343B (en) * 2014-09-02 2016-10-26 上海交通大学 Daylight type multi-layer tide formula green leaf vegetable factorial praluction system
CN105684868B (en) * 2016-02-05 2019-02-19 广州景润园林绿化有限公司 A kind of hydroponic plant wall method for planting and device
CN108575836A (en) * 2018-03-11 2018-09-28 浙江省海洋水产养殖研究所 A kind of marine shellfish germchit device for raising seedlings and its method for culturing seedlings
CN110249852A (en) * 2019-06-26 2019-09-20 安徽省宝景生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of multilayer seedling culture frame nutrient solution automatically supplying apparatus

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20140115

Termination date: 20160609