CN203386245U - Electronic toll collection (ETC) on board unit on-line issuing system combining mobile terminal - Google Patents

Electronic toll collection (ETC) on board unit on-line issuing system combining mobile terminal Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203386245U
CN203386245U CN201320275864.5U CN201320275864U CN203386245U CN 203386245 U CN203386245 U CN 203386245U CN 201320275864 U CN201320275864 U CN 201320275864U CN 203386245 U CN203386245 U CN 203386245U
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China
Prior art keywords
mobile terminal
dsrc
electronic label
vehicle carried
carried electronic
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CN201320275864.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张北海
张为民
薛金银
邓晓慧
李全发
李剑
宋淼
赵阳
吴佳
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北京速通科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201320275864.5U priority Critical patent/CN203386245U/en
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Publication of CN203386245U publication Critical patent/CN203386245U/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to the ETC technology field, in particular to an ETC on board unit on-line issuing system combining a mobile terminal. The system is characterized in that the issuing data of an on board unit is pre-stored in a far-end server, a dedicated short range communication (DSRC) device is connected with the mobile terminal, and the on board unit is awakened by the DSRC device; the mobile terminal obtains the issuing data real-timely from the far-end server and is communicated with the on board unit via the DSRC device, and the far-end server carries out the issuing operation on the on board unit via the communication channels of the mobile terminal and the DSRC device. By the system of the embodiment of the utility model, the issuing data can be obtained from the far-end server real-timely, and the on board unit can be updated, thereby avoiding the situation that the secret keys operating the on board unit are stored in the issuing devices respectively, and improving the security of the secret key mediums and the convenience of an issuing business.

Description

The online publishing system of a kind of vehicle carried electronic label of the ETC in conjunction with mobile terminal

Technical field

The utility model relates to electric non-stop toll (ETC) technical field, and particularly, the utility model relates to the online publishing system of a kind of vehicle carried electronic label of the ETC in conjunction with mobile terminal.

Background technology

At present, a lot of provinces and cities of China have all built highway electric non-stop toll system (ETC).The ETC system is by ETC track trackside antenna and vehicle carried electronic label (On Board Unit, OBU) mode by radio communication realizes what charging was concluded the business, communication protocol adopts Dedicated Short Range Communications, (Dedicated Short Range Communication is called for short DSRC) agreement.Wherein, electronic tag is supported the IC-card read-write capability, and IC-card, as the medium of cashless payment, inserts in electronic tag.Electronic tag, as the IC card reading and writing machine tool, can carry out read-write operation to contact and/or non-contact IC card.Wherein, the ISO/IEC7816 agreement is followed in communicating by letter of Contact Type Ic Card and electronic tag, and non-contact IC card is followed the ISO/IEC14443 agreement.

When electronic tag is installed on vehicle, insert IC-card, the display screen of electronic tag can show some information of IC-card, for example, for pre-payment type Stored Value IC-card, can show its remaining sum.When vehicle on road is crossed ETC charge station, electronic tag carries out wireless DS RC with ETC track trackside antenna communicates by letter, and completes the ETC transaction, and transaction results writes in IC-card.

Electronic tag, as in-vehicle wireless communications device, must write information of vehicles when mounted, and user profile etc., so that roadside device (antenna etc.) identification and charging.This information of vehicles and user profile and the unique binding of electronic tag.Once electronic tag is disassembled, the anti-disassembling device of electronic tag will be changed into disassembly status " dismantling " automatically, and electronic tag, by ETC charge station the time, can not normally be used.

Distribution refers to that the file set up, key of electronic tag are replaced, user profile writes and the operation such as tamper function activation.

Existing electronic tag distribution general flow is: the car owner need to reach vehicle the operation service network, and the registration personal information; By the professional of service network by car owner's personal information and information of vehicles typing ETC publishing system; The issuing equipment with key master card of recycling operator service network carries out following two step distribution operations:

Initialization (once) distribution is to set up file system in electronic tag, loads operator's key;

Individualized (secondary) distribution is that the customized informations such as user and information of vehicles are write to electronic tag;

After distribution, the professional will issue the typing operator background data base system that records; Then electronic tag is installed on vehicle, starts antiwithdrawal device, the active electron label, complete the distribution flow process.

After electronic tag activates, distribution completes, can carry out arm's length transaction in ETC track and roadside device, the security of charge transaction is the secure access module ESAM(Embedded Security Access Module by electronic tag inside, be called for short security module) guarantee, the cipher key system write while preserving operator's distribution in security module and the contents such as disassembly status information of electronic tag, during transaction, at first authenticated, if key authentication success, and the duty of electronic tag is for activating (the dismounting information byte is " not dismounting ") state, the transaction of can charging.

Existing electronic tag issuing way must be carried out in the outlet of operator, and issuing equipment and operator's distribution computing machine are by wired connection, and connected mode is network interface or USB interface.Be subject to the restriction of place, site, wired connection mode, the distribution operation must be in fixing place, and the typing of data needs the contact staff scene to carry out, and is not easy to contact staff and user, wastes time and energy.

For the muzzle-loading vehicle carried electronic label, at the automobile before sales that dispatches from the factory, be installed on vehicle, some labels are the embedded centre rear-view mirrors in car that is installed to, has plenty of the panel board of being installed to, the perhaps outer left and right sides rearview mirror front end of car, for these muzzle-loading vehicle carried electronic labels, existing distribution operation more is unfavorable for car owner's use.

In addition, in existing distributing method, the key card that encryption and decryption is calculated in issuing equipment completes, and each issuing equipment need to configure a key card, and the key medium comparatively disperses, the safety problem that key card may cause key data to be revealed while losing.

Explanation to current routine techniques above should be noted that is just carried out clear, complete explanation for convenient to the technical solution of the utility model, and facilitates those skilled in the art's understanding to set forth.Can not only because of these schemes, in background technology of the present utility model, partly carry out setting forth and thinking that technique scheme is conventionally known to one of skill in the art.

The utility model content

In order to solve the distribution problem of muzzle-loading vehicle carried electronic label, take into account the convenience issue that realizes existing point of fixity issuing mode, the utility model proposes the online publishing system of a kind of vehicle carried electronic label of the ETC in conjunction with mobile terminal, the issuing working that carries out vehicle carried electronic label that can unify, improve the convenience of information security and distribution work, be conducive to the large scale community distribution.

The utility model embodiment provides a kind of vehicle carried electronic label of the ETC in conjunction with mobile terminal online publishing system, it is characterized in that comprising:

Vehicle carried electronic label, wireless Dedicated Short Range Communications, DSRC device, mobile terminal, far-end server;

The release data of described vehicle carried electronic label is pre-stored within far-end server;

Described DSRC device is connected with described mobile terminal, described vehicle carried electronic label is waken up by described DSRC device, described mobile terminal is from the release data of described far-end server Real-time Obtaining, and communicate by described DSRC device and described vehicle carried electronic label, described far-end server is issued operation by the communication port of described mobile terminal and DSRC device to described vehicle carried electronic label.

According to a further aspect of the online publishing system of the described a kind of vehicle carried electronic label of the ETC in conjunction with mobile terminal of the utility model embodiment, described DSRC device is connected by wired or wireless and described mobile terminal.

Another further aspect according to the online publishing system of the described a kind of vehicle carried electronic label of the ETC in conjunction with mobile terminal of the utility model embodiment, described wired connection comprises, described DSRC device is connected with described mobile terminal by mini USB interface, Micro USB interface or audio port.

Another further aspect according to the online publishing system of the described a kind of vehicle carried electronic label of the ETC in conjunction with mobile terminal of the utility model embodiment, described wireless connections comprise, described DSRC device is connected with described mobile terminal by bluetooth module or WLAN module.

Another further aspect according to the online publishing system of the described a kind of vehicle carried electronic label of the ETC in conjunction with mobile terminal of the utility model embodiment, described DSRC device further comprises processor, the data that are received from described mobile terminal are converted to wireless DS RC signal, communicate by letter with described vehicle carried electronic label by antenna.

According to another further aspect of the online publishing system of the described a kind of vehicle carried electronic label of the ETC in conjunction with mobile terminal of the utility model embodiment, described mobile terminal comprises smart mobile phone, PDA, panel computer or mobile computer.

By the system of above-mentioned the utility model embodiment, can be real-time from far-end server, obtain release data and upgrade vehicle carried electronic label, avoid the key that operates vehicle carried electronic label to be stored in respectively each issuing equipment, improved the security of key; And can carry out vehicle carried electronic label distribution configuration operation according to user's position at any time by the mobile terminal in the utility model by the DSRC device, make up all vehicles in prior art and must arrive the technical difficulty that the distribution operation of vehicle carried electronic label just can be carried out in appointed place, be specially adapted to the distribution of muzzle-loading vehicle carried electronic label; By storing release data at far-end server in advance, be the contents such as user profile and information of vehicles, can be so that vehicle carried electronic label distribution operation be more convenient and quick, and the release data of input is more accurate, avoided user profile and information of vehicles in the prior art to need on-the-spot manual entry more slowly and the problem of easily makeing mistakes.

The accompanying drawing explanation

Read in conjunction with the following drawings the detailed description to embodiment, above-mentioned feature and advantage of the present utility model, and extra feature and advantage, will be more readily apparent from.

Fig. 1 has provided the structural representation according to the online publishing system of a kind of vehicle carried electronic label of the ETC in conjunction with mobile terminal of an embodiment of the present utility model;

Figure 2 shows that the process flow diagram of the online distributing method of a kind of vehicle carried electronic label of the ETC in conjunction with mobile terminal of the utility model embodiment;

Figure 3 shows that the structural representation of the utility model embodiment DSRC device;

Figure 4 shows that the signaling diagram of the online initialization distribution of the utility model embodiment vehicle carried electronic label;

Figure 5 shows that the utility model embodiment vehicle carried electronic label signaling diagram of individualized distribution online;

Figure 6 shows that the signaling diagram of the utility model embodiment vehicle carried electronic label activation line.

Embodiment

Following description can make any those skilled in the art utilize the utility model.The descriptor provided in specific embodiment and application is only example.The various extensions of embodiment as described herein and combination are apparent for those skilled in the art, in the situation that do not break away from essence of the present utility model and scope, the rule of the utility model definition can be applied in other embodiment and application.Therefore, the embodiment shown in the utility model is not only limited to, the utility model is contained the maximum magnitude consistent with principle shown in this paper and feature.

Fig. 1 has provided the structural representation according to the online publishing system of a kind of vehicle carried electronic label of the ETC in conjunction with mobile terminal of an embodiment of the present utility model.

Comprise vehicle carried electronic label 101, wireless Dedicated Short Range Communications, DSRC device 102, mobile terminal 103, far-end server 104.

Wherein, the release data of described vehicle carried electronic label 101 is pre-stored within far-end server 104.

Described DSRC device 102 is connected with described mobile terminal 103, described vehicle carried electronic label 101 is waken up by described DSRC device 102, described mobile terminal 103 is from the release data of described far-end server 104 Real-time Obtainings, and communicate with described vehicle carried electronic label 101 by described DSRC device 102, described far-end server 104 is issued operation by the communication port of described mobile terminal 103 and DSRC device 102 to described vehicle carried electronic label 101.

Described DSRC device 102 is by being connected with described mobile terminal 103 such as the wireline interface such as USB interface or wireless modes such as bluetooth, WLAN.

Can also comprise processor at described DSRC device 102, the data that are received from mobile terminal are converted to wireless DS RC signal, and communicate by letter with described vehicle carried electronic label 101 by antenna.

As optional scheme, also can there is modular converter at mobile terminal, the release data that far-end server 104 is sent is converted to wireless DS RC signal, by wired or wireless mode, sends to vehicle carried electronic label 101.

Wherein, described mobile terminal 103 comprises smart mobile phone, PDA or panel computer.

Also comprise encryption equipment 1041 in far-end server 104 in the present embodiment, described encryption equipment utilizes the information of vehicle carried electronic label to be encrypted the formation key data, for example can use the sequence number of ESAM chip in vehicle carried electronic label to be encrypted formation system key data, utilize the contract sequence number of electronic tag to carry out encryption and decryption formation encryption and authenticate key data etc.; Verify data in the time of can also utilizing described encryption equipment generation far-end server 104 to set up wireless connections with mobile terminal 103, in the embodiment of back when far-end server 104 and mobile terminal 103 communicate, or the authentication of mobile terminal 103 all can use verify data to be connected while communicating with vehicle carried electronic label 101 by DSRC device 102 time.

As an embodiment of the present utility model, be illustrated in figure 3 the structural representation of the utility model embodiment DSRC device, described DSRC device 102 further comprises, wireless communication unit 301, DSRC communication unit 302, processor 303, antenna 304; Wherein said DSRC communication unit 302 is communicated by letter with described vehicle carried electronic label 101, for reading at described vehicle carried electronic label 101 or data writing carries out described distribution operation; Described wireless communication unit 301 communicates with described mobile terminal 103, by the GPRS module of described mobile terminal 103 or the release data of the described far-end server 104 of 3G module Real-time Obtaining; Described processor 303 is converted to the DSRC signal for the data that will be received from mobile terminal 103, and communicates by letter with described vehicle carried electronic label by antenna 304.

Wherein, described wireless communication unit 301 can be the 3G communication module, WiFi module or bluetooth module.

Described DSRC device and described mobile terminal 103 for example can also adopt mini USB or Micro USB excuse to be connected, for transmitting data.

Wherein, described DSRC device also comprises IC-card read-write cell 305, described IC-card read-write cell 305 is communicated by letter with IC-card, for the data according to described mobile terminal 103 transmission, at IC-card, reads or data writing, realizes distribution or data read-write operation to IC-card.

Described IC-card read-write cell can carry out read-write operation to contact IC and/or non-contact IC card.

Described release data comprises, comprises the initialization release data of setting up file system and key data, and the individualized release data that comprises user profile and information of vehicles comprises the needed tamper activation data of vehicle carried electronic label tamper byte is set.

By system of the present utility model in above-described embodiment, can be real-time from far-end server, obtain release data and upgrade vehicle carried electronic label, avoid the key that upgrades vehicle carried electronic label to be stored in respectively each issuing equipment, improved the security of key; And the combination by the mobile terminal in the utility model and DSRC device can take full advantage of the terminal that smart mobile phone of the prior art or panel computer etc. have data-handling capacity, carry out strange land vehicle carried electronic label distribution configuration operation according to user's position at any time, make up all vehicles in prior art and must arrive the technical difficulty that the distribution operation of vehicle carried electronic label just can be carried out in appointed place, be specially adapted to the distribution of muzzle-loading vehicle carried electronic label; By storing release data at far-end server in advance, be the contents such as user profile and information of vehicles, can be so that vehicle carried electronic label distribution operation be more convenient and quick, and the release data of input is more accurate, avoided user profile and information of vehicles in the prior art to need then and there the problem by the manual typing mistake of operating personnel.

Be illustrated in figure 2 the process flow diagram of the online distributing method of a kind of vehicle carried electronic label of the ETC in conjunction with mobile terminal of the utility model embodiment.

Comprise step 201, the release data of vehicle carried electronic label is pre-stored within to far-end server.

Wherein, can in advance the release data such as user profile, information of vehicles be uploaded to far-end server by the user by the Web mode.

Step 202, the DSRC device wakes vehicle carried electronic label up, and with described vehicle carried electronic label, communicates by letter from the release data of described far-end server Real-time Obtaining according to mobile terminal.

Step 203, the communication port that described far-end server forms by described mobile terminal and DSRC device is issued operation to described vehicle carried electronic label.

Release data comprises, comprise and set up the needed initialization data of file system, comprise key data and set up the needed initialization release data of file system, the individualized release data that comprises user profile and information of vehicles, comprise the needed activation release data of vehicle carried electronic label tamper byte be set.

In described step 203, when the communication port formed by described mobile terminal and DSRC device when described far-end server carries out initialization distribution operation to described vehicle carried electronic label,

Described mobile terminal will apply for that the request of replacing key data sends to described far-end server;

Described far-end server sends to described mobile terminal by key data, and described mobile terminal sends to vehicle carried electronic label to be replaced by described DSRC device described key data.

After above-mentioned steps, also comprise, described vehicle carried electronic label is by the DSRC device to the whether successful response message of described mobile terminal " return " key" data replacement, and described mobile terminal sends to described far-end server by described response message.

In described step 203, the communication port formed by described mobile terminal and DSRC device when described far-end server individualize distribution while operating to described vehicle carried electronic label,

Described far-end server sends to described mobile terminal by the user profile of generation and information of vehicles;

Described mobile terminal sends to described vehicle carried electronic label by described user profile and information of vehicles by the DSRC device;

Described vehicle carried electronic label is stored in this vehicle carried electronic label by described user profile and information of vehicles.

After above-mentioned steps, also comprise, described vehicle carried electronic label returns to described user profile and the whether successful response message of information of vehicles renewal by the DSRC device to described mobile terminal, and described mobile terminal sends to described far-end server by described response message.

In described step 203, when the communication port formed by described mobile terminal and DSRC device when described far-end server activates distribution and operates described vehicle carried electronic label,

Described far-end server sends the solicited message that reads user profile and/or information of vehicles to described mobile terminal;

Described mobile terminal sends to described vehicle carried electronic label by above-mentioned solicited message by the DSRC device;

Described vehicle carried electronic label sends user profile and/or information of vehicles by the DSRC device to described mobile terminal;

Described mobile terminal sends described user profile and/or information of vehicles to described far-end server;

Described far-end server is verified the legitimacy of described user profile and/or information of vehicles, if legal, to described mobile terminal, send and upgrades the system information file;

Described mobile terminal sends to described vehicle carried electronic label to carry out the renewal of system information file by the DSRC device described renewal system information file, activates described vehicle carried electronic label.

By system of the present utility model in above-described embodiment, can be real-time obtain release data and upgrade vehicle carried electronic label from far-end server, avoid the key card that upgrades vehicle carried electronic label to be stored in respectively each issuing equipment, improved the security of key medium; The computing velocity of encryption equipment, also higher than key card, can shorten the distribution running time; And can carry out strange land vehicle carried electronic label distribution configuration operation according to user's demand at any time by the mobile terminal in the utility model and DSRC device, make up all vehicles in prior art and must arrive the distribution operation that vehicle carried electronic label just can be carried out in appointed place; By storing release data at far-end server in advance, be the contents such as user profile and information of vehicles, can be so that vehicle carried electronic label distribution operation be more convenient and quick, and the release data of input is more accurate, avoided user profile and information of vehicles in the prior art to need on-the-spot manual entry more slowly and the problem of easily makeing mistakes.

The online distributing method of ETC vehicle carried electronic label of the utility model embodiment mainly comprises three steps: initialization, individualized and tamper activation.

Before the initialization distribution, electronic tag has passed through pre-initialize, in the ESAM module of electronic tag, has set up corresponding file directory and initial key.Pre-initialize is undertaken by the responsible institution of Ministry of Communications is unified, in the ESAM module, sets up file structure, loads initial key, and area code is modified to appointment codes.Area code is the area information distributed for China each province and city, for example 010 represents Beijing.Each provincial ETC system operator is carried out the key data replacement through special-purpose ETC distribution encryption equipment or distribution master card, the initial key data replacement is become to the formal key in zone, and the key data type comprises ESAM master control key, ESAM maintenance key, application master control key, applicating maintenance key, authenticate key and encryption key.Key data communicates authentication, encryption, replacement system message file and information of vehicles file etc. while for each province, carrying out the OBU distribution.When key authentication unsuccessfully surpasses certain number of times, distribution or transaction can't be proceeded, and electronic tag can't be used.

Before initialization (once) distribution, the mobile terminal user can be authenticated rear mandate by far-end server, with the data security of guaranteeing distribution.Be illustrated in figure 4 the signaling diagram of the online initialization distribution of the utility model embodiment vehicle carried electronic label, concrete steps are as follows:

Step 401, mobile terminal by beacon service table (Beacon Service Table, BST) signal, wakes OBU by the DSRC device up.

Step 402, OBU feedback vehicle service table (Vehicle Service Table, VST) signal is set up communication link.

Step 403, mobile terminal sends and selects master file (Mater File is called for short MF) request, the destination address that this document is next step instruction to OBU by the DSRC device.

Step 404, described OBU selects master file directory, means that the destination address of next step instruction of reception is ready.

Step 405, mobile terminal sends the instruction of read area field code to described OBU by the DSRC device.

Step 406, OBU is used dedicated short-range communication to feed back to mobile terminal by the DSRC device described area code.

Step 407, described mobile terminal sends to far-end server by area code by wireless network modes such as 3G network or WiFi networks.

Step 408, described far-end server carries out the area code processing, and the mode by 3G network or other wireless network sends to mobile terminal by result.

Step 409, mobile terminal is received the regional processing result, minute three kinds of situations:

(1) if the area code of this OBU is default value (i.e. the general initialization data in the whole nation), mean that OBU did not carry out any distribution operation;

(2), if the area code of this OBU is the local zone code, mean that OBU had carried out local initialization distribution operation;

(3) otherwise, the area code of this OBU is other codes, means that OBU is undertaken by nonlocal cipher key system that initialization issue or other types, and local cipher key system can't carry out initialization distribution to OBU and operate, distribution is ended, and the man-machine interface of mobile terminal shows that distribution is abnormal.

Step 410, described mobile terminal sends the request of reading the ESAM chip serial number to OBU by the DSRC device, and this sequence number is for carrying out the master control key data replacement.

Step 411, described OBU returns to this its ESAM chip serial number by the DSRC device to mobile terminal.

Step 412, described mobile terminal returns to the ESAM chip serial number of this OBU to far-end server, simultaneously,

Step 413, described mobile terminal sends the catalogue selection instruction by the DSRC device to OBU, prepares to carry out the key data replacement operation.

According to the area code result of step 409, if the area code of this OBU is default value, carry out the replacement operation of ESAM key data, at first replace the ESAM master control key, then replace the ESAM maintenance key, now select master file directory; Otherwise the area code of this OBU is the local zone code, expression ESAM key data was replaced, and without again replacing, only needed to replace and applied key, comprise application master control key, applicating maintenance key, authenticate key and encryption key, now select the application file catalogue.

Step 414, the result that described OBU selects to the mobile terminal Returning catalogue by the DSRC device.

Step 415, described mobile terminal sends the request of selecting application catalogue and application to replace key to far-end server.

Step 416, the key ciphertext that described far-end server is encrypted rear formation by encryption equipment to ESAM chip serial number and/or the contract sequence number of this OBU, send to mobile terminal, carries out key and replace communication.

Every secondary key is replaced communication and is replaced a key data, so step 416 repeats and (when replacing ESAM master control key and maintenance key, should select master file directory to the 419 key numbers of replacing as required; When replacing application master control key, applicating maintenance key, authenticate key and encryption key, should select the application file catalogue).Key is replaced communication data and is the ciphertext transmission, by communicating pair (OBU and far-end server), according to root key each other, is decrypted.In order further to guarantee the safety that key data is replaced, need to carry out random number verification during each the replacement, being communicating pair (OBU and far-end server) is encrypted the data of same random generation (4 or 8 byte), and the result after mutual checking encryption, if the same continue communication, otherwise authentication failed, distribution is ended.Random number verification can once independently complete in communication interaction, also can form a Frame with enciphered data, to improve communication efficiency.When key data replacement, electronic labelling system message file and information of vehicles file update, the operations such as the encryption and decryption of server end, authentication complete by encryption equipment.

Step 417, described mobile terminal will be replaced key instruction ciphertext and be transmitted to OBU by the DSRC device.

Step 418, described OBU replaces result by described key and sends to mobile terminal by the DSRC device.

Step 419, send to far-end server to be replaced successfully (replacing object code for " 9000 ") if described mobile terminal is replaced result by key, proceeds the replacement of derive subsequent keys, until replaced whole keys; Replace else if unsuccessfully or abnormal (replacing object code be other values) distribution termination.

Step 420, key is replaced complete, and far-end server is by the organization system message file, and this document comprises area information, operator code, OBU sequence number, the term of validity and tamper state etc.

Step 421, far-end server is issued mobile terminal by the system information file.

Step 422, described mobile terminal is transmitted to OBU by the DSRC device by system information file literary composition.

Step 423, described OBU sends to mobile terminal by described system information file update result by the DSRC device.

Step 424, described mobile terminal sends to far-end server by described system information file update result.

Step 425, described far-end server sends the distribution END instruction to mobile terminal.

Meanwhile, described far-end server generates initialization distribution record, records the information such as operator's informaiton, issuing date, the term of validity and tamper state of this OBU.

Step 426, mobile terminal sends the initialization distribution by the DSRC device to described OBU and finishes information, and DSRC primitive form adopts SetMMI.request.

Step 427, described OBU returns to response message, and DSRC primitive form adopts SetMMI.response.

Step 428, described mobile terminal discharges the communication link of DSRC device and described OBU, and DSRC primitive form adopts EVENT_report.

After the initialization distribution finishes, loaded operator's informaiton in the ESAM module of OBU and can be used for the local key data that ETC concludes the business.

Be illustrated in figure 5 the utility model embodiment vehicle carried electronic label signaling diagram of individualized distribution online.

The fundamental purpose of individualized (secondary) distribution is that user profile and information of vehicles are write in electronic tag (OBU), realizes the binding of vehicle, user and OBU.User profile and information of vehicles can be input to by the mode of Web in the database of far-end server in advance, save the time of on-the-spot input, avoid mistakes and omissions.

Individualized distribution idiographic flow is as follows:

Step 501, mobile terminal is controlled the DSRC device by beacon service table BST signal, wakes OBU up.

Step 502, OBU feedback vehicle service Table V ST signal is set up communication link, and mobile terminal extracts the information such as contract sequence number of this OBU from VST.

Step 503, described mobile terminal sends the contract sequence number of described OBU by 3G network or other wireless network to far-end server, and request individualizes and issues operation.

Step 504, user profile and/or information of vehicles (being information of vehicles in this example) that far-end server will be stored in database are used encryption equipment to be encrypted rear generating ciphertext data to this OBU contract sequence number, and the information of vehicles ciphertext after encrypting is sent to mobile terminal by 3G network.

Step 505, described mobile terminal sends to OBU by the DSRC device by the information of vehicles ciphertext.

Step 506, described OBU is decrypted described information of vehicles ciphertext and upgrade, and is about in ESAM that described information of vehicles is stored in OBU, so that the normal use of OBU, after renewal, described OBU feeds back to mobile terminal by the file update result by the DSRC device.

Step 507, described mobile terminal sends to far-end server by described renewal result.

Step 508, described far-end server sends the distribution END instruction to mobile terminal.

Meanwhile, described far-end server generates individualized distribution record.

Step 509, mobile terminal sends individualized distribution by the DSRC device to described OBU and finishes information, and DSRC primitive form adopts SetMMI.request.

Step 510, described OBU returns to response message, and DSRC primitive form adopts SetMMI.response.

Step 511, described mobile terminal discharges the communication link of DSRC device and described OBU, and DSRC primitive form adopts EVENT_report.

Be illustrated in figure 6 the signaling diagram of the utility model embodiment vehicle carried electronic label activation line.The purpose of activation line is that the content of storing in the information of vehicles file content of OBU and remote service system is compared, comparison is that the data write error in order to prevent from preserving in the ESAM such as information of vehicles file leaks, the correct tamper byte that is about to OBU of comparison is set to normal operating conditions, and OBU can be used.

The activation manipulation idiographic flow is as follows:

Step 601, mobile terminal is controlled the DSRC device and is waken OBU up by beacon service table BST signal.

Step 602, OBU feedback vehicle service Table V ST signal is set up communication link, and mobile terminal extracts the information such as contract sequence number of this OBU from VST by the DSRC device.

Step 603, described mobile terminal sends the contract sequence number of described OBU by 3G network or other wireless network to far-end server, and activation manipulation is carried out in request.

Step 604, far-end server is used encryption equipment to be encrypted rear generating ciphertext data to this OBU contract sequence number, sends the ciphertext that reads user profile and/or information of vehicles to mobile terminal by 3G network, in this example for reading information of vehicles.

Step 605, described mobile terminal is transmitted to OBU by the DSRC device by the described ciphertext that reads information of vehicles.

Step 606, described OBU sends to mobile terminal by described information of vehicles by the DSRC device.

Step 607, described mobile terminal sends to far-end server by described information of vehicles by communication modes such as 3G networks.

Step 608, whether the described information of vehicles returned of described far-end server checking is consistent with the information of vehicles of storing in database, if unanimously carry out step 609, otherwise do not activate described vehicle carried electronic label.

Step 609, described far-end server send to activate (upgrading the system information file) instruction to mobile terminal, and wherein the tamper byte in the system information file is the numerical value of disassembly status not, in order to activate described vehicle carried electronic label.

Step 610, described mobile terminal sends to OBU by the DSRC device by described activation instruction.

Step 611, described OBU sends to mobile terminal by the result of described renewal system information file by the DSRC device.

Step 612, the result that described mobile terminal will upgrade the system information file sends to far-end server.

Step 613, described far-end server sends the distribution END instruction to mobile terminal.

Meanwhile, described far-end server generates activation record.

Step 614, mobile terminal sends activation manipulation by the DSRC device to described OBU and finishes information, and DSRC primitive form adopts SetMMI.request.

Step 615, described OBU returns to response message, and DSRC primitive form adopts SetMMI.response.

Step 616, described mobile terminal discharges the communication link of DSRC device and described OBU, and DSRC primitive form adopts EVENT_report.

By the operation of above-mentioned three phases, OBU completes online distribution, can normally use.

The system of the utility model embodiment, can be real-time from far-end server, obtain release data and upgrade vehicle carried electronic label, avoid the key card that operates vehicle carried electronic label to be stored in respectively each issuing equipment, improved the security of key medium; The computing velocity of encryption equipment, also higher than key card, can shorten the distribution running time; And can carry out vehicle carried electronic label distribution configuration operation by the DSRC device according to user's position at any time by the mobile terminal in the utility model, make up all vehicles in prior art and must arrive the technical difficulty that the distribution operation of vehicle carried electronic label just can be carried out in appointed place, be specially adapted to the distribution of muzzle-loading vehicle carried electronic label; By storing release data at far-end server in advance, be the contents such as user profile and information of vehicles, can be so that vehicle carried electronic label distribution operation be more convenient and quick, and the release data of input is more accurate, avoided user profile and information of vehicles in the prior art to need on-the-spot manual entry more slowly and the problem of easily makeing mistakes.

Those skilled in the art can also recognize the various illustrative components, blocks (illustra tive logical block) that the utility model embodiment lists, unit, and step can pass through electronic hardware, computer software, or both in conjunction with being realized.For the clear replaceability (interchangeability) of showing hardware and software, above-mentioned various illustrative components (illustrative components), unit and step have been described their function generally.Such function is to realize depending on the designing requirement of specific application and whole system by hardware or software.Those skilled in the art can be for every kind of specific application, and can make ins all sorts of ways realizes described function, but this realization should not be understood to exceed the scope of the utility model embodiment protection.

Various illustrative logical block described in the utility model embodiment, or unit can pass through general processor, digital signal processor, special IC (ASIC), field programmable gate array (FPGA) or other programmable logic device, discrete gate or transistor logic, discrete hardware components, or the design of above-mentioned any combination realizes or operates described function.General processor can be microprocessor, and alternatively, this general processor can be also any traditional processor, controller, microcontroller or state machine.Processor also can realize by the combination of calculation element, for example digital signal processor and microprocessor, multi-microprocessor, a Digital Signal Processor Core of one or more microprocessors associating, or any other similarly configuration realize.

Method described in the utility model embodiment or the step of algorithm can directly embed hardware, the software module of processor execution or the two combination.Software module can be stored in the storage medium of other arbitrary form in RAM storer, flash memory, ROM storer, eprom memory, eeprom memory, register, hard disk, moveable magnetic disc, CD-ROM or this area.Exemplarily, storage medium can be connected with processor so that processor can be from storage medium reading information, and can deposit write information to storage medium.Alternatively, storage medium can also be integrated in processor.Processor and storage medium can be arranged in ASIC, and ASIC can be arranged in user terminal.Alternatively, processor and storage medium also can be arranged in the different parts in user terminal.

In one or more exemplary designs, the described above-mentioned functions of the utility model embodiment can realize in hardware, software, firmware or this three's combination in any.If realize in software, these functions can be stored on the medium with computer-readable, or are transmitted on the medium of computer-readable with one or more instructions or code form.The computer-readable medium comprises the computer storage medium and is convenient to make allows computer program transfer to other local telecommunication media from a place.Storage medium can be the useable medium that any general or special computer can access.For example, such computer readable media can include but not limited to RAM, ROM, EEPROM, CD-ROM or other optical disc storage, disk storage or other magnetic storage device, or other anyly can be read by general or special computer or general or special processor the medium of the program code of form with instruction or data structure and other for carrying or storage.In addition, any connection can suitably be defined as the computer-readable medium, for example,, if software is by a concentric cable, optical fiber computer, twisted-pair feeder, Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) or also being comprised in defined computer-readable medium with wireless way for transmittings such as infrared, wireless and microwave from a web-site, server or other remote resource.Described video disc (disk) and disk (disc) comprise Zip disk, radium-shine dish, CD, DVD, floppy disk and Blu-ray Disc, and disk is usually with the magnetic duplication data, and video disc carries out the optical reproduction data with laser usually.Above-mentioned combination also can be included in the computer-readable medium.

Above-described embodiment; the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and beneficial effect are further described; institute is understood that; the foregoing is only embodiment of the present utility model; and be not used in and limit protection domain of the present utility model; all within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any modification of making, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., within all should being included in protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (6)

1. the online publishing system of the vehicle carried electronic label of the ETC in conjunction with mobile terminal is characterized in that comprising:
Vehicle carried electronic label, wireless Dedicated Short Range Communications, DSRC device, mobile terminal, far-end server;
The release data of described vehicle carried electronic label is pre-stored within far-end server;
Described DSRC device is connected with described mobile terminal, described vehicle carried electronic label is waken up by described DSRC device, described mobile terminal is from the release data of described far-end server Real-time Obtaining, and communicate by described DSRC device and described vehicle carried electronic label, described far-end server is issued operation by the communication port of described mobile terminal and DSRC device to described vehicle carried electronic label.
2. the online publishing system of a kind of vehicle carried electronic label of the ETC in conjunction with mobile terminal according to claim 1, is characterized in that described DSRC device is connected by wired or wireless and described mobile terminal.
3. the online publishing system of a kind of vehicle carried electronic label of the ETC in conjunction with mobile terminal according to claim 2, it is characterized in that described wired connection comprises, described DSRC device is connected with described mobile terminal by mini USB interface Micro USB interface or audio port.
4. the online publishing system of a kind of vehicle carried electronic label of the ETC in conjunction with mobile terminal according to claim 2, is characterized in that described wireless connections comprise, described DSRC device is connected with described mobile terminal by bluetooth module or WLAN module.
5. the online publishing system of a kind of vehicle carried electronic label of the ETC in conjunction with mobile terminal according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described DSRC device further comprises processor, the data that are received from described mobile terminal are converted to wireless DS RC signal, communicate by letter with described vehicle carried electronic label by antenna.
6. the online publishing system of a kind of vehicle carried electronic label of the ETC in conjunction with mobile terminal according to claim 1, is characterized in that described mobile terminal comprises smart mobile phone, PDA, panel computer or mobile computer.
CN201320275864.5U 2013-05-20 2013-05-20 Electronic toll collection (ETC) on board unit on-line issuing system combining mobile terminal CN203386245U (en)

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104468784A (en) * 2014-12-05 2015-03-25 北京速通科技有限公司 System and method for achieving vehicle-mounted unit software upgrade through DSRC interface
CN104574537A (en) * 2014-11-26 2015-04-29 深圳市金溢科技股份有限公司 Handheld distribution equipment and on-line distribution system and method for on-board unit
CN104616362A (en) * 2015-02-12 2015-05-13 北京万集科技股份有限公司 Anti-cheating releasing method of vehicle-mounted electronic tag and mobile terminal
CN105118100A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-12-02 北京万集科技股份有限公司 Vehicle-mounted electronic label program updating method, mobile terminal and program updating system
CN105374079A (en) * 2015-12-18 2016-03-02 北京握奇智能科技有限公司 Desktop terminal and method for issuing OBU and ETC card
CN105551096A (en) * 2015-12-08 2016-05-04 北京握奇智能科技有限公司 Secondary circulation system and method of on-board unit and ETC user card
CN105551098A (en) * 2015-12-18 2016-05-04 北京握奇智能科技有限公司 OBU and ETC card issuing portable device terminal and method
CN105989631A (en) * 2015-02-17 2016-10-05 深圳市金溢科技股份有限公司 Socialized OBU (On Board unit) issuing method and communication device
CN106898144A (en) * 2015-12-17 2017-06-27 北京握奇智能科技有限公司 A kind of hand-held activation equipments of OBU and Activiation method
CN107730641A (en) * 2017-08-25 2018-02-23 深圳市金溢科技股份有限公司 Issue online and activate device, mobile unit, terminal and the backstage of board units
CN107743214A (en) * 2017-09-11 2018-02-27 深圳市金溢科技股份有限公司 System, method, terminal, application program and the backstage of activation line board units
CN107786485A (en) * 2016-08-15 2018-03-09 天津科畅慧通信息技术有限公司 A kind of method realized user and voluntarily install OBU
CN109726994A (en) * 2019-01-02 2019-05-07 甘肃紫光智能交通与控制技术有限公司 ETC card Internet-based signs mobile distributing method and mobile terminal
CN110782538A (en) * 2019-10-10 2020-02-11 北京握奇数据股份有限公司 Multimode issuing equipment and issuing method thereof

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104574537A (en) * 2014-11-26 2015-04-29 深圳市金溢科技股份有限公司 Handheld distribution equipment and on-line distribution system and method for on-board unit
CN104468784B (en) * 2014-12-05 2018-01-02 北京速通科技有限公司 A kind of system and method that board units software upgrading is realized by DSRC interfaces
CN104468784A (en) * 2014-12-05 2015-03-25 北京速通科技有限公司 System and method for achieving vehicle-mounted unit software upgrade through DSRC interface
CN104616362A (en) * 2015-02-12 2015-05-13 北京万集科技股份有限公司 Anti-cheating releasing method of vehicle-mounted electronic tag and mobile terminal
CN105989631A (en) * 2015-02-17 2016-10-05 深圳市金溢科技股份有限公司 Socialized OBU (On Board unit) issuing method and communication device
CN105118100B (en) * 2015-07-31 2018-01-16 北京万集科技股份有限公司 Vehicle carried electronic label method for updating program, mobile terminal and program updating system
CN105118100A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-12-02 北京万集科技股份有限公司 Vehicle-mounted electronic label program updating method, mobile terminal and program updating system
CN105551096A (en) * 2015-12-08 2016-05-04 北京握奇智能科技有限公司 Secondary circulation system and method of on-board unit and ETC user card
CN106898144A (en) * 2015-12-17 2017-06-27 北京握奇智能科技有限公司 A kind of hand-held activation equipments of OBU and Activiation method
CN105551098A (en) * 2015-12-18 2016-05-04 北京握奇智能科技有限公司 OBU and ETC card issuing portable device terminal and method
CN105374079A (en) * 2015-12-18 2016-03-02 北京握奇智能科技有限公司 Desktop terminal and method for issuing OBU and ETC card
CN107786485A (en) * 2016-08-15 2018-03-09 天津科畅慧通信息技术有限公司 A kind of method realized user and voluntarily install OBU
CN107730641A (en) * 2017-08-25 2018-02-23 深圳市金溢科技股份有限公司 Issue online and activate device, mobile unit, terminal and the backstage of board units
CN107730641B (en) * 2017-08-25 2020-08-25 深圳市金溢科技股份有限公司 Device for online issuing and activating vehicle-mounted unit, vehicle-mounted equipment, terminal and background
CN107743214A (en) * 2017-09-11 2018-02-27 深圳市金溢科技股份有限公司 System, method, terminal, application program and the backstage of activation line board units
CN107743214B (en) * 2017-09-11 2020-10-30 深圳市金溢科技股份有限公司 System, method, terminal, application program and background for online activation of vehicle-mounted unit
CN109726994A (en) * 2019-01-02 2019-05-07 甘肃紫光智能交通与控制技术有限公司 ETC card Internet-based signs mobile distributing method and mobile terminal
CN110782538A (en) * 2019-10-10 2020-02-11 北京握奇数据股份有限公司 Multimode issuing equipment and issuing method thereof

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