CN203370386U - Solid-liquid separation equipment for tailings - Google Patents

Solid-liquid separation equipment for tailings Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203370386U
CN203370386U CN201320372986.6U CN201320372986U CN203370386U CN 203370386 U CN203370386 U CN 203370386U CN 201320372986 U CN201320372986 U CN 201320372986U CN 203370386 U CN203370386 U CN 203370386U
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China
Prior art keywords
outlet
inlet
mine tailing
sieve
liquid separating
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CN201320372986.6U
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Inventor
王丰雨
江树金
赵明
钟森林
张超达
陈俊明
杨招君
王丽娟
王威
许丽敏
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GUANGZHOU YUEYOUYAN MINERAL RESOURCE TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
GUANGZHOU DAXUAN MINERAL RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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GUANGZHOU YUEYOUYAN MINERAL RESOURCE TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
GUANGZHOU DAXUAN MINERAL RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses solid-liquid separation equipment for tailings. The solid-liquid separation equipment comprises a high-frequency vibrating slag separation sieve, a rubber liner anti-abrasion slag slurry pump, a hydro-cyclone, a high-frequency vibrating dehydration sieve, an efficient inclined pipe thickening box, a plunger pump and a box type high-pressure filter press, wherein a minus-sieve material outlet of the high-frequency vibrating slag separation sieve is communicated with an inlet of the rubber liner anti-abrasion slag slurry pump; a material inlet of the hydro-cyclone is communicated with an outlet of the rubber liner anti-abrasion slag slurry pump; a material inlet of the high-frequency vibrating dehydration sieve is communicated with a de-silting outlet of the hydro-cyclone, and a minus-sieve material outlet of the high-frequency vibrating dehydration sieve is communicated with the inlet of the rubber liner anti-abrasion slag slurry pump; a material inlet of the efficient inclined pipe thickening box is communicated with an overflow port of the hydro-cyclone, and a bottom flow outlet of the efficient inclined pipe thickening box is communicated with an inlet of the plunger pump; a material inlet of the box type high-pressure filter press is communicated with an outlet of the plunger pump. The equipment can effectively achieve the aims of dryly discharging and stacking solid wastes and recycling liquid in the tailings, and has the advantages of quick and convenient construction, low investment, low operating cost, high adaptability and the like.

Description

A kind of mine tailing solid-liquid separating equipment
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the solid-liquid separation technique field of Mineral Processing Industry, specifically relates to a kind of mine tailing solid-liquid separating equipment.
Background technology
Mine tailing, one of product of separation operation in ore dressing, the content of its useful component is minimum, and under current condition of technology and economy, the ore deposit of further sorting, also become true tailings again.The bulk deposition of mine tailing need to have a large-scale Tailings Dam, can cause great environmental pollution, but also easily causes the tailing dam dam-break accident, brings potential safety hazard.By the end of 2007, the mine tailing in the whole nation was piled up total amount and has been reached 80.46 hundred million tons, only 2007, just discharged 1,000,000,000 tons.Storing up in a large number to national resource, environment, safety and soil etc. of mine tailing all brought problems.Yet pressure is large, development and the potentiality of utilizing are also large.
At present, the problem of China's comprehensive utilization of tailing is: 1, Mine Tailings Utilization is low, and a lot of areas also lack due dry row to mine tailing and process consciousness; 2, tailings pollution control consciousness is thin, has hindered effectively carrying out of relevant pollution control work; 3, the technology insufficient investment that tailing dry row processes, Technological adaptability is not strong, and the equipment and technology level is backward etc.
The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Science and Technology, the relevant departments such as Ministry of Land and Resources and State Administration of Quality and Technical Supervision are up-to-date have been worked out " metal tailings comprehensive utilization ad hoc planning (2010-2015) ", and requires relevant area and department's adhere rigidly to carry out.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is for above-mentioned existing problems and deficiency, provides a kind of metal or nonmetal ore-dressing factory that can effectively be applicable to any grade to realize the mine tailing solid-liquid separating equipment that in mine tailing, the dry row of solid material stacks, liquid utilizes as backwater circulation.
The technical solution of the utility model is achieved in that
Mine tailing solid-liquid separating equipment described in the utility model, be characterized in comprising that dither is every ballast screen, the line with rubber abrasion-proof slurry pump, hydrocyclone, high-frequency oscillation dewatering screen, the high-efficiency pipe chute board concentrating box, plunger displacement pump and box type high-voltage filter press, wherein said dither is connected with the entrance of line with rubber abrasion-proof slurry pump every the undersize material outlet of ballast screen, the material inlet of described hydrocyclone is connected with the outlet of line with rubber abrasion-proof slurry pump, the material inlet of described high-frequency oscillation dewatering screen is connected with the outlet of the desilting of hydrocyclone and its undersize material outlet is connected with the entrance of line with rubber abrasion-proof slurry pump, the material inlet of described high-efficiency pipe chute board concentrating box is connected with the overfall of hydrocyclone and its underflow outlet is connected with the entrance of plunger displacement pump, the material inlet of described box type high-voltage filter press is connected with the plunger delivery side of pump.
In order effectively to prevent sieve pore blockade, dehydrating effect is guaranteed, the sieve aperture of above-mentioned high-frequency oscillation dewatering screen is trapezoidal sieve; In order to make the longer service life of high-frequency oscillation dewatering screen, sieve plate adopts wear-resisting polyurethane material to make; For the adaptability that makes high-frequency oscillation dewatering screen is stronger, screen angle can be regulated according to the character of material.
For the convenient transportation that makes the high-efficiency pipe chute board concentrating box, install simply, and can need arbitrarily combination according to using, above-mentioned high-efficiency pipe chute board concentrating box adopts split-type structural, the surface area of each unit is 10M 2, and each unit adopts respectively during welding for steel structure to form, and adopts the high-efficiency pipe chute board concentrating box of this structure not consume any power in the process of operation.
Large in order to make the high-efficiency pipe chute board concentrating box have a wetted perimeter, hydraulic radius is little, and laminar condition is good, and particles settling is not subject to the characteristics such as turbulent flow interference, and the inside of above-mentioned high-efficiency pipe chute board concentrating box is provided with the honeycomb inclined-tube that the PP material is made, and the inclination angle of described honeycomb inclined-tube is 60 0, because being adopts the honeycomb inclined-tube sedimentation basin, its disposal ability is 3~5 times of rectangular sedimentation tank, is 2~3 times of accelerating purifying pool and plusator, thereby has dwindled floor space; And, when the honeycomb inclined-tube pipe range is 1m, Payload is by 3~4t/m 2time design, flow control in 2.5~3.0mm/s scope, effluent quality the best.
Normal in order to guarantee that stablizing of hydrocyclone mine-supplying quantity reaches pressure, reach the effect of stablizing classification, above-mentioned line with rubber abrasion-proof slurry pump adopts variable-frequency motor to be controlled as power source and by the PLC intelligent control technology.
In order to make the longer service life of hydrocyclone, the desilting mouth of above-mentioned hydrocyclone adopts compound polyurethane material to make.
In order to make the longer service life of box type high-voltage filter press, the filter plate of above-mentioned box type high-voltage filter press is suppressed circular filter plate for the high pressure that adopts the PE material to make.
The problem of separating in order to solve up hill and dale slag liquid, the inside of above-mentioned box type high-voltage filter press is provided with and automatically connects the liquid turnover panel.
The utility model compared with prior art, have following advantage: the utility model is by low 5 percentage points of the moisture after adopting moisture after advanced equipment and technique are processed mine tailing to process than traditional handicraft, backwater can be used further to ore-dressing technique simultaneously, thereby reaching the dry row of solid waste in mine tailing stacks, realize surperficial earth-covering greening, and the purpose of liquid-circulating utilization, so both improved Mine Tailings Utilization, effectively solved again the mine tailing pollution on the environment, and the utlity model has quick construction, small investment, operating cost is low, the advantages such as strong adaptability, applicable to the metal of any grade or the Separation of Solid and Liquid of nonmetallic tailings, process.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is further described.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structure &processes schematic flow sheet of the present utility model.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, mine tailing solid-liquid separating equipment described in the utility model, comprise that dither is every ballast screen 1, line with rubber abrasion-proof slurry pump 2, hydrocyclone 3, high-frequency oscillation dewatering screen 4, high-efficiency pipe chute board concentrating box 5, plunger displacement pump 6 and box type high-voltage filter press 7, wherein dither is connected with the entrance of line with rubber abrasion-proof slurry pump 2 every the undersize material outlet of ballast screen 1, the material inlet of hydrocyclone 3 is connected with the outlet of line with rubber abrasion-proof slurry pump 2, the material inlet of high-frequency oscillation dewatering screen 4 is connected with the desilting outlet of hydrocyclone 3 and its undersize material outlet is connected with the entrance of line with rubber abrasion-proof slurry pump 2, thereby make high-frequency oscillation dewatering screen 4, be formed with a closed cycle between line with rubber abrasion-proof slurry pump 2 and hydrocyclone 3, and high-frequency oscillation dewatering screen 4 adopts particular design, in order effectively to prevent sieve pore blockade, dehydrating effect is guaranteed, the sieve aperture of high-frequency oscillation dewatering screen 4 is trapezoidal sieve, in order to make the longer service life of high-frequency oscillation dewatering screen 4, sieve plate adopts wear-resisting polyurethane material to make, for the adaptability that makes high-frequency oscillation dewatering screen 4 stronger, screen angle can be regulated according to the character of material, and the material inlet of high-efficiency pipe chute board concentrating box 5 is connected with the overfall of hydrocyclone 3 and its underflow outlet is connected with the entrance of plunger displacement pump 6, the material inlet of box type high-voltage filter press 7 is connected with the outlet of plunger displacement pump 6.For the convenient transportation that makes high-efficiency pipe chute board concentrating box 5, install simply, and can need arbitrarily combination according to using, high-efficiency pipe chute board concentrating box 5 adopts split-type structurals, the surface area of each unit is 10M 2, and each unit adopts respectively during welding for steel structure to form, and adopts the high-efficiency pipe chute board concentrating box 5 of this structure not consume any power in the process of operation, and is to use automatic Discharging Control system.Simultaneously, large in order to make high-efficiency pipe chute board concentrating box 5 have a wetted perimeter, hydraulic radius is little, and laminar condition is good, and particles settling is not subject to the characteristics such as turbulent flow interference, and the inside of high-efficiency pipe chute board concentrating box 5 is provided with the honeycomb inclined-tube that the PP material is made, and the inclination angle of described honeycomb inclined-tube is 60 0, because being adopts the honeycomb inclined-tube sedimentation basin, its disposal ability is 3~5 times of rectangular sedimentation tank, is 2~3 times of accelerating purifying pool and plusator, thereby has dwindled floor space; And, when the honeycomb inclined-tube pipe range is 1m, Payload is by 3~4t/m 2time design, flow control in 2.5~3.0mm/s scope, effluent quality the best.Normal in order to guarantee that stablizing of hydrocyclone 3 mine-supplying quantities reaches pressure, reach the effect of stablizing classification, line with rubber abrasion-proof slurry pump 2 adopts variable-frequency motors to be controlled as power source and by the PLC intelligent control technology.In order to make the longer service life of hydrocyclone 3, the desilting mouth of hydrocyclone 3 adopts compound polyurethane material to make.In order to make the longer service life of box type high-voltage filter press 7, the filter plate of box type high-voltage filter press 7 is suppressed circular filter plate for the high pressure that adopts the PE material to make.The problem of separating in order to solve up hill and dale slag liquid, the inside of box type high-voltage filter press 7 is provided with and automatically connects the liquid turnover panel.And the pressure of box type high-voltage filter press 7 is 2.5~3.0MPa.
Adopt equipment described in the utility model to carry out the mine tailing Separation of Solid and Liquid, its step is as follows:
A, mine tailing are every slag: adopt dither every ballast screen 1 every the coarse granule and other impurity that fall more than 1mm, on-the-sieve material is directly discharged, undersize material is through line with rubber abrasion-proof slurry pump 2 input hydrocyclones 3;
B, hydrocyclone 3 classifications: the desilting of hydrocyclone 3 directly flows to high-frequency oscillation dewatering screen 4, overflow muddy water input high-efficiency pipe chute board concentrating box 5;
C, high-frequency oscillation dewatering screen 4 dehydrations: the on-the-sieve material of high-frequency oscillation dewatering screen 4 arrives dry rickyard by Belt Conveying, and undersize material again flows back to hydrocyclone 3 and again carries out the classification processing;
D, high-efficiency pipe chute board concentrating box 5 concentrate: the overflow of high-efficiency pipe chute board concentrating box 5 is used as backwater circulation, and underflow carries out press filtration through plunger displacement pump 6 input box type high-voltage filter presses 7;
E, 7 press filtrations of box type high-voltage filter press: the filter cake of box type high-voltage filter press 7 is stacked by Belt Conveying, and filtrate is used as backwater circulation.
The utility model is described by embodiment, but the utility model is not construed as limiting, with reference to description of the present utility model, other variations of the disclosed embodiments, as the professional person for this area easily expects, within such variation should belong to the scope of the utility model claim restriction.

Claims (9)

1. a mine tailing solid-liquid separating equipment, it is characterized in that comprising that dither is every ballast screen (1), line with rubber abrasion-proof slurry pump (2), hydrocyclone (3), high-frequency oscillation dewatering screen (4), high-efficiency pipe chute board concentrating box (5), plunger displacement pump (6) and box type high-voltage filter press (7), wherein said dither is connected with the entrance of line with rubber abrasion-proof slurry pump (2) every the undersize material outlet of ballast screen (1), the material inlet of described hydrocyclone (3) is connected with the outlet of line with rubber abrasion-proof slurry pump (2), the material inlet of described high-frequency oscillation dewatering screen (4) is connected with the desilting outlet of hydrocyclone (3) and its undersize material outlet is connected with the entrance of line with rubber abrasion-proof slurry pump (2), the material inlet of described high-efficiency pipe chute board concentrating box (5) is connected with the overfall of hydrocyclone (3) and its underflow outlet is connected with the entrance of plunger displacement pump (6), the material inlet of described box type high-voltage filter press (7) is connected with the outlet of plunger displacement pump (6).
2. mine tailing solid-liquid separating equipment according to claim 1, the sieve aperture that it is characterized in that above-mentioned high-frequency oscillation dewatering screen (4) is trapezoidal sieve, and sieve plate adopts wear-resisting polyurethane material to make, and screen angle can be regulated according to the character of material.
3. mine tailing solid-liquid separating equipment according to claim 1, is characterized in that above-mentioned high-efficiency pipe chute board concentrating box (5) adopts split-type structural, and the surface area of each unit is 10M 2, and each unit adopts respectively during welding for steel structure to form.
4. mine tailing solid-liquid separating equipment according to claim 1, is characterized in that the inside of above-mentioned high-efficiency pipe chute board concentrating box (5) is provided with the honeycomb inclined-tube that the PP material is made, and the inclination angle of described honeycomb inclined-tube is 60 0.
5. mine tailing solid-liquid separating equipment according to claim 1, is characterized in that above-mentioned line with rubber abrasion-proof slurry pump (2) adopts variable-frequency motor to be controlled as power source and by the PLC intelligent control technology.
6. mine tailing solid-liquid separating equipment according to claim 1, is characterized in that the desilting mouth of above-mentioned hydrocyclone (3) adopts compound polyurethane material to make.
7. mine tailing solid-liquid separating equipment according to claim 1, is characterized in that the filter plate of above-mentioned box type high-voltage filter press (7) is suppressed circular filter plate for the high pressure that adopts the PE material to make.
8. mine tailing solid-liquid separating equipment according to claim 1, the inside that it is characterized in that above-mentioned box type high-voltage filter press (7) is provided with and automatically connects the liquid turnover panel.
9. mine tailing solid-liquid separating equipment according to claim 1, the pressure that it is characterized in that above-mentioned box type high-voltage filter press (7) is 2.5~3.0MPa.
CN201320372986.6U 2013-06-27 2013-06-27 Solid-liquid separation equipment for tailings Active CN203370386U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103357212A (en) * 2013-06-27 2013-10-23 广州达选矿物资源科技有限公司 Equipment and method for tailing solid-liquid separation

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103357212A (en) * 2013-06-27 2013-10-23 广州达选矿物资源科技有限公司 Equipment and method for tailing solid-liquid separation
CN103357212B (en) * 2013-06-27 2015-08-05 广州达选矿物资源科技有限公司 A kind of mine tailing solid-liquid separating equipment and method

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